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1.
J Cell Commun Signal ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596797

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) epitomises successful targeted therapy, where inhibition of tyrosine kinase activity of oncoprotein Bcr-Abl1 by imatinib, induces remission in 86% patients in initial chronic phase (CP). However, in acute phase of blast crisis, 80% patients show resistance, 40% among them despite inhibition of Bcr-Abl1 activity. This implies activation of either Bcr-Abl1- independent signalling pathways or restoration of signalling downstream of inactive Bcr-Abl1. In the present study, mass spectrometry and subsequent in silico pathway analysis of differentiators in resistant CML-CP cells identified key differentiators, 14-3-3ε and p38 MAPK, which belong to Bcr-Abl1 pathway. Their levels and activity respectively, indicated active Bcr-Abl1 pathway in CML-BC resistant cells, though Bcr-Abl1 is inhibited by imatinib. Further, contribution of these components to resistance was demonstrated by inhibition of Bcr-Abl1 down-stream signalling by knocking-out of 14-3-3ε and inhibition of p38 MAPK activity. The observations merit clinical validation to explore their translational potential.

2.
Blood Adv ; 5(17): 3436-3444, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461632

RESUMO

The expression of CD20 in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is associated with poor outcomes. The addition of rituximab to intensive chemotherapy in CD20+ ALL has led to improved outcomes in several studies. However, there is no clear evidence regarding the optimal number of doses and its benefit without an allogeneic stem cell transplant. Achieving measurable residual disease (MRD)-negative status postinduction would reduce the requirement for a transplant. Novel approaches are needed to induce a higher proportion of MRD-negative complete remission in patients with high-risk ALL. Given bortezomib's activity in relapsed ALL and its synergism with rituximab in B-cell lymphomas, the addition of bortezomib to rituximab and chemotherapy may provide an incremental benefit in CD20+ precursor B-ALL. We conducted a phase 2 study to test the activity of bortezomib and rituximab in combination with a pediatric-inspired regimen during induction therapy in newly diagnosed adolescents and adults (aged >14 years) with CD20+, Philadelphia-negative precursor B-ALL; bone marrow MRD negativity at the end of induction was the primary end point. From December 2017 through August 2019, a total of 35 patients were enrolled. End-of-induction MRD-negative status was achieved in 70.9% of patients, as opposed to 51.7% in the historical cohort treated with chemotherapy alone. MRD-negative rates improved to 87.5% post-consolidation. At a median follow-up of 21 months, event-free survival and overall survival rates were 78.8% (95% confidence interval, 66-94) and 78.7% (95% confidence interval, 65.8-94), respectively. There was no significant increase in toxicity with bortezomib and rituximab compared with the historical cohort. The incidence of neuropathy was 26% (all less than grade 3). The combination of bortezomib, rituximab, and a pediatric-inspired ALL regimen was active and well tolerated in de novo CD20+ Philadelphia-negative precursor B-ALL. This trial was registered with the Clinical Trials Registry-India as CTRI/2017/04/008393(http://ctri.nic.in/Clinicaltrials).

3.
Indian J Med Res ; 153(4): 475-483, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380794

RESUMO

Background & objectives: B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) is one of the most common forms of adult leukaemia, with a highly variable clinical course. Specific chromosomal and genetic aberrations are used clinically to predict prognosis, independent from conventional clinical markers. Molecular cytogenetic methods such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) detect aberrations in up to 80 per cent B-CLL patients. This study was conducted to score the frequencies of recurrent aberrations, i.e., del(13q14), trisomy 12, del(11q22), del(17p13), del(6q21) and IgH (immunoglobulin heavy chain) translocations and to understand their role in prognostication and risk stratification. Methods: FISH studies were performed on bone marrow aspirate or peripheral blood of 280 patients using commercially available disease-specific probe set. The data were correlated with clinical and haematological parameters such as low haemoglobin, splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy. Results: Chromosomal aberrations were detected in 79 per cent of patients, with del(13q14) (57%) as the most common cytogenetic aberration, followed by trisomy 12 (27%), del(11q22) (22%), t(14q32) (19%), del(17p13) (18%) and del(6q21) (9%). Single or in coexistence with other aberration del(13q14) had a favourable outcome in comparison to del(11q22), t(14q32), del(17p13) and del(6q21) which were associated with advanced stages of the disease. Trisomy 12 had a variable clinical course. Interpretation & conclusions: FISH was found to be a sensitive and efficient technique in detecting the prevalence of recurrent cytogenetic abnormalities. Each of these aberrations is an important independent predictor of disease progression and survival which aids in designing risk-adapted treatment strategies for better disease management.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise Citogenética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Prognóstico
4.
Cancer Genet ; 256-257: 17-20, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823403

RESUMO

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease with respect to morphology, immunophenotype, chromosomal abnormalities and genetic lesions. While a majority of AML cases harbour recurrent chromosomal abnormalities, several rare, apparently unique or novel aberrations may be identified by conventional cytogenetics. In fact, with the prognostic relevance of chromosomal abnormalities, and with the advent of new-age, target-specific therapy, identifying such aberrations becomes vital. In this study, we present a case of pediatric AML with ins(19;X)(q13.1;p11.2q28) and t(1;11)(q10;p10), both, novel, previously unreported chromosomal abnormalities in AML. Post induction, both these clonal cytogenetic abnormalities persisted. The documentation of this case will help determine the significance of these cytogenetic abnormalities. Also, this case exemplifies the importance of cytogenetics in the complete characterization and risk stratification of AML patients.


Assuntos
Inversão Cromossômica , Análise Citogenética , Translocação Genética , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Cariótipo
5.
Cancer Genet ; 254-255: 65-69, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647813

RESUMO

Intrachromosomal amplification of RUNX1 gene on chromosome 21 (iAMP21) is a rare occurrence in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Herein, we describe a case of AML with amplification of RUNX1 and its insertion on chromosome 2 detected by conventional karyotyping and confirmed by metaphase FISH. A six-year-old female was diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia with monocytic differentiation. The patient's bone marrow revealed 74% blasts which were MPO negative. Conventional karyotyping revealed a complex karyotype, with rearrangements in chromosomes 1, 2, 7, 8 and hsr(21). FISH on interphase cells with LSI RUNX1-RUNX1T1 dual colour dual fusion translocation probe showed 6-7 copies of RUNX1 signal. Metaphase FISH with LSI RUNX1-RUNX1T1 probe confirmed amplification of RUNX1 and insertion of amplified RUNX1 sequences on long arm of chromosome 2. Induction chemotherapy was initiated, however, the patient died within one month of diagnosis suggesting poor outcome associated with this novel finding. Insertion of amplified RUNX1 on another chromosome has not yet been reported so far.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 2/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Amplificação de Genes , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutagênese Insercional/genética , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Interfase , Cariótipo
6.
Blood Adv ; 5(5): 1178-1193, 2021 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635331

RESUMO

The use of pediatrics-inspired protocols in adolescent and young adult (AYA) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) results in superior survival compared with the adult protocols. Pediatrics-inspired protocols carry an increased risk of toxicity and treatment-related mortality in low resource settings, which can offset the potential benefits. We studied the outcomes and prognostic factors in the treatment of AYA ALL with a pediatrics-inspired regimen. We retrieved data regarding demographics, investigations, treatment details, and toxicities from the electronic medical records of patients diagnosed with ALL in the 15- to 25-year-old age group who were initiated on a modified Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster 90 (BFM-90) protocol between January 2013 and December 2016 at the Tata Memorial Centre. A total of 349 patients in the 15- to 25-year-old age group were treated with a modified BFM-90 protocol. The use of this pediatrics-inspired protocol resulted in a 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of 59.4% and 61.8%, respectively. Only 15 patients underwent an allogeneic stem cell transplant. Minimal residual disease (MRD) persistence postinduction emerged as the only factor predictive of poor outcomes. A modified BFM-90 protocol is an effective and safe regimen for AYA ALL with an OS and EFS comparable to the published literature.


Assuntos
Citarabina , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adulto Jovem
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Molecular mechanism of translocation and outcome in variant chronic myeloid leukaemia (vCML) has been a topic of debate. While several cytogenetic studies suggest a low response to Imatinib Mesylate, others demonstrate a similar disease course in both classical and vCML. Besides, many studies comprehensively also link tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) mutations with aggressive clinical outcome. Thus, we aim to study the molecular mechanism of translocation, identify the third partner chromosomes and comment on the disease course and clinical outcome. METHOD: We cytogenetically characterised 25 vCML cases to determine the third partner chromosome, mechanism of translocation and prognostic outcome. We also compared vCML cases with and without TKD mutation to most appropriately outline the clinical consequence and ascertain the potent cause of unresponsiveness to treatment. RESULTS: Third partner chromosome in variant translocation was defined by conventional and molecular cytogenetics. Although in our study most cases showed inadequate clinical response attributable to TKD mutation rather than variant translocation, we observed an inferior outcome in cases involving chromosome 5 as the third partner. CONCLUSION: Thus, we conclude that characterising and reporting new cases of variant translocations, involving various different chromosomes as third partner (with different breakpoints) by cytogenetics, will lead to a better understanding of the disease. To the best of our knowledge, this kind of delineate study has not been applied to precisely comment on the prospects of cytogenetically characterised vCML.

8.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 43(5): 990-999, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432783

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Many new markers are being evaluated to increase the sensitivity and applicability of multicolor flow cytometry (MFC)-based measurable residual disease (MRD) monitoring. However, most of the studies are limited to childhood B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (B-ALL), and reports in adult B-ALL are extremely scarce and limited to small cohorts. We studied the expression of CD304/neuropilin-1 in a large cohort of adult B-ALL patients and evaluated its practical utility in MFC-based MRD analysis. METHODS: CD304 was studied in blasts from adult B-ALL patients and normal precursor B cells (NPBC) from non-B-ALL bone marrow samples using MFC. CD304 expression intensity and pattern were studied with normalized-mean fluorescent intensity (nMFI) and coefficient of variation of immunofluorescence (CVIF), respectively. MFC-based MRD was performed at end of induction (EOI; day-35), end of consolidation (EOC; day 78-80), and subsequent follow-up (SFU) time points. RESULTS: CD304 was positive in 120/214(56.07%) and was significantly associated with BCR-ABL1 fusion (P = .001). EOI-MRD and EOC-MRD were positive in 129/214(60.3%) and 50/81(61.72%), respectively. CD304 was positive in a significant percentage of EOI (48%, 62/129) and EOC (52%, 26/50) MRD-positive B-ALL samples. Its expression was retained, lost, and gained in 73.7%, 26.3%, and 11.3% of EOI-MRD and 85.7%, 14.3%, and none of EOC-MRD samples, respectively. Low-level MRD (<0.01%) was detectable in 34 of all (EOI + EOC + SFU = 189) MRD-positive samples, and CD304 was found useful in 50% of these samples. CONCLUSION: CD304 is commonly expressed in adult B-ALL and clearly distinguish B-ALL blasts from normal precursor B cells. It is a stable MRD marker and distinctly useful in the detection of MFC-based MRD monitoring, especially in high-sensitivity MRD assay.

9.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 100(3): 345-351, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inconclusive knowledge persists regarding the course of chronic myeloid leukemia-chronic phase (CML-CP) patients with detectable abnormal blasts by flow-cytometry at diagnosis. The 2016 WHO classification is not specific regarding sub-classification of CML with <10% abnormal B-lymphoid blasts (ABLB), and suggests these patients often show rapid progression. We report the clinical course of pediatric CML-CP patients who had detectable abnormal blasts by flow-cytometry at baseline. METHODS: Retrospective audit of all pediatric CML patients between January 2013 and December 2017 were included. Their clinical presentation, demographic profile, and treatment outcomes were extracted from electronic medical records. Some of these patients got flow-cytometry done by default, though it was not a routine part of diagnostic CML marrow studies. RESULTS: Amongst 65 pediatric CML patients, flow-cytometry at initial diagnosis was available in 15 (CP-12; AP-3). Of the 12 CML-CP patients, 10 (83%) had abnormal flow-cytometric findings-5 (50%) with mixed lineage blasts (4-B/Myeloid, 1-B/T/Myeloid), and myeloid lineage blasts in the remaining 5 (50%). At a median follow-up of 26 months (range: 9-34 months), 3/5 patients with ABLB at diagnosis progressed to frank blast crisis (2 B-cell; 1 Mixed lineage). None among the five patients with diagnostic myeloid-alone aberrant blasts progressed to blast crisis. Imatinib resistant mutation was also found in 3/5 (60%) CML-CP patients with these ABLB at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Although a retrospective study with limited sample size, presence of ABLB detected on flow-cytometry in CML-CP patients, had a noticeable early conversion to CML-BC in our cohort. Incorporation of flow-cytometry in diagnostic work-up can provide useful insight regarding the behavior of pediatric CML-CP patients and guide therapy.

11.
Blood Cells Mol Dis ; 85: 102465, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693366

RESUMO

Ploidy, besides known translocations in lymphoblasts, is a strong predictor of prognosis in B- cell progenitor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). While hyperdiploidy with >50 chromosomes shows a favourable outcome, hypodiploidy with <45 chromosomes have a dismal clinical outcome. However, there exists a small subset where both the hypodiploid and hyperdiploid clones are apparent either by cytogenetics or flow cytometry and are defined partially masked hypodiploids or mosaics based on the percentage of clonal population. These patients are essentially hypodiploids, and show the hyperdiploid clone as a consequence of endoreduplication of the primary hypodiploid clone- A phenomenon of successive replication of genome without mitosis (cytokinesis) resulting in increased ploidy. In the current study, we present the complete clinical, hematological and cytogenetic profile of 11 such newly diagnosed mosaics or partially masked hypodiploid BCP-ALL cases.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Citogenética , Endorreduplicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ploidias , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Translocação Genética , Adulto Jovem
12.
Med Oncol ; 37(5): 48, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277283

RESUMO

Therapy-related acute leukemias (t-ALs) represent approximately 10-20% of all acute leukemias, are frequently resistant to chemotherapy, and are associated with guarded outcomes. The national comprehensive cancer network data suggest that t-AL cases are diagnosed at increasing rates in breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapeutic agents targeting topoisomerase II. Two cases of BRCA1-mutated ovarian and breast carcinoma who developed therapy-related APL and ALL, respectively, following topoisomerase II-directed therapy were characterized. Genomic characterization of therapy-related acute promyelocytic leukemia (t-APL) revealed a unique RARA intron 2 breakpoint (Chr17: 40347487) at 3'-end of RARA corroborating breakpoint clustering in t-APL following topoisomerase II inhibition. Both cases of this series harbored germline BRCA1 mutations. The germline BRCA1 mutation in patient with t-APL was detected in exon 8 (HGVS nucleotide: c.512dupT). This mutation in t-APL is extremely rare. Interestingly, t-ALL patient in this series had a BRCA1 mutation (HGVS nucleotide: c.68_69delAG; BIC designation: 187delAG) identical to a previously reported case after the treatment of same primary disease. It is unlikely that two breast cancer patients with identical BRCA1 mutation receiving topoisomerase II-targeted agents for the primary disease developed t-AL by chance. This report highlights the development of t-AL in BRAC1-mutated hereditary breast and ovarian cancer patients and warrants further studies on functional consequences of topoisomerase inhibition in this setting.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Hereditária de Câncer de Mama e Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Feminino , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Síndrome Hereditária de Câncer de Mama e Ovário/genética , Síndrome Hereditária de Câncer de Mama e Ovário/patologia , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/uso terapêutico , Translocação Genética , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther ; 13(4): 248-250, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981688

RESUMO

Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APML) is a malignancy of cells in myeloid lineage. It is a neoplasm described by proliferation and accumulation of immature neutrophils called promyelocytes in the bone marrow, inhibiting normal cell production, which results in lower numbers of blood cells circulating the body. A minor but significant proportion of patients with APML harbor complex and cryptic rearrangements. Presence of isoderivative 17 with t(15;17) is very rare. We report a case of adult APML with amplification of RARα/PML fusion protein, a consequence of isoderivative 17 with duplication of normal chromosome 15 and 17 and Tp53 deletion on derivative 17. Immunophenotyping by flow cytometry, presence of pancytopenia and epistaxis helped classify the patient as APML. FISH was used for confirmation of the same and indicated involvement of additional abnormalities.


Assuntos
Duplicação Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 15/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Deleção de Genes , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteína da Leucemia Promielocítica/genética , Receptor alfa de Ácido Retinoico/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/deficiência , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos
15.
J Assoc Genet Technol ; 45(3): 121-123, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the clonal proliferation of B-lymphoblasts, primarily in the blood and bone marrow. The morphology of these cells is largely of L1 or L2 type according to French-American-British (FAB) classification. Molecular cytogenetic testing remains the gold standard technique for genetic classification of ALL along with molecular tests. Here we describe a case of pediatric B-ALL with dic(7;9)(p11.1;p11.1) and deletion of CUL1 (7q36) as a primary abnormality. Although both 7p and 9p deletions are associated with poor prognosis, the patient responded well to standard risk induction therapy. The abnormalities were identified by conventional karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Response to treatment was assessed by monitoring minimal residual disease.

16.
J Assoc Genet Technol ; 45(2): 73-76, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Philadelphia chromosome-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-like ALL) accounts for ~15% of patients with high-risk ALL with an activated tyrosine kinase profile similar to Philadelphia chromosome positive ALL, without the presence of BCR-ABL1 rearrangement. ABL-class genes (ABL1, ABL2, PDGFRB, CSF1R and CRLF2) comprise the second major subgroup of Ph-like ALL cases but presence of ABL2 gene rearrangement in leukemia is rarely reported. We report a novel case of ABL2 chromosomal rearrangement that results from t(1;7)(q25;q32) in a patient with high-risk ALL.

17.
Cancer Genet ; 228-229: 17-20, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553467

RESUMO

Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTL) is a rare subtype of peripheral T-cell lymphoma predominantly seen in young males. This disease presents with isolated hepatosplenomegaly and thrombocytopenia with sinusoidal infiltration of liver and sinusal infiltration of spleen. Immunophenotype shows positivity for CD3, CD7, TCRγδ or TCRαß, CD38 and double negative for CD4, CD8, TdT, CD5, and CD56. Isochromosome 7q with or without trisomy 8 is seen in HSTL. Recently, ring chromosome 7 has also been identified as a new abnormality. We describe the clinical, immunophenotypic and cytogenetic analysis in a 24-year-old woman. We present an unusual case of TCRγδ positive T-cell lymphoma with aberrant expression of CD19, which is a B-cell lymphoid marker, with amplification of 7q region and subsequent formation of ring chromosome 7 and trisomy 8. This is the second case of HSTL, positive for CD19 and first case presenting with ring chromosome 7 and trisomy 8 in a CD19 positive HSTL which is a rare finding in T-cell lymphoma and needs to be explored further.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/imunologia , Cromossomos Humanos Par 7 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8 , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Linfoma de Células T/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T gama-delta/imunologia , Cromossomos em Anel , Neoplasias Esplênicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esplênicas/genética , Trissomia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Linfoma de Células T/imunologia , Neoplasias Esplênicas/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Indian J Cancer ; 54(4): 609-615, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30082544

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Pediatric Hematolymphoid Disease Management Group (PHL-DMG) at a tertiary cancer care hospital developed extensive patient support programs to improve retention and outcomes while focusing on protocols adapted to meet patient needs. An audit of measures and outcomes was done for a 7-year period from January 2010 to December 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DMG protocols and patient support activities over the study period were documented and audited. Data was retrieved from internal databases and records. Measures taken and their impact were assessed by descriptive analytical tools. Survival outcomes were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method on SPSS v. 24™ software. RESULTS: Holistic patient support measures were undertaken through a charitable foundation entirely under pediatric oncology. Activities included infrastructure growth, socioeconomic support, provision of accommodation, nutrition, education, and multiple blood component donation drives. Patient registrations increased from 502 in 2009 to 874 in 2016, with the steepest rise in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) - 330 (2009) to 547 (2016). Treatment refusal and abandonment rates decreased from 32% to 3.4% over the same period, and male to female ratio decreased from 2.56 to 2.28:1. Early mortality in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) fell within 2 years from 26.7% in 2009 to 7%. Five-year overall survival (OS) was 69.5% for all patients registered in 2010, whereas disease-specific 5-year OS was ALL 67.1%, AML 49.3%, chronic myeloid leukemia 100%, Hodgkin lymphoma 90.4%, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma 74.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Holistic patient support-specific activities and adapted protocols made a measurable impact on patient outcomes. High survival outcomes of patients have been achieved despite relatively few receiving salvage therapies or stem cell transplant.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Gerenciamento Clínico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Saúde Holística , Hospitais , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Masculino , Oncologia/tendências , Pediatria/tendências , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia
19.
J Obstet Gynaecol India ; 64(1): 27-31, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24587603

RESUMO

Phenotypic variability and the lack of a diagnostic marker have complicated the rapid diagnosis and genetic counseling for Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). The clinical features of CdLS are striking and easily recognizable by characteristic facial dysmorphism, upper-extremity malformations, hirsutism, cardiac defects, growth and cognitive retardation, and gastrointestinal abnormalities with severe mental retardation. The molecular diagnosis is essential for predicting prognosis and genetic counseling in the affected family, especially while planning the next pregnancy. We report here from India six cases of CdLS and how precise mutational screening in two cases helped in prenatal diagnosis and proved significant in prevention of recurrence in the affected family.

20.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 30(4): 302-6, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24456032

RESUMO

Chromosomal translocations have been reported in a number of women undergoing cytogenetic studies for amenorrhoea and gonadal dysgenesis. This study was taken up to emphasize the role of X chromosome and to know the frequency of X-autosomal translocations in women with amenorrhoea in Indian population. Cytogenetic analysis was carried out in 1567 subjects referred for amenorrhoea during the period 2002-2012. GTG-banding was performed from peripheral blood lymphocyte cultures to detect the chromosome abnormalities in all the cases. The karyotype results revealed 43.6% cases with chromosomal abnormalities (n = 683 of 1567 cases). The X-autosomal translocations was found in 2.64% (n = 18 of 683 cases). The common chromosomes involved with X were chromosomes 2, 4, 14 and 20. The translocations involved both p and q arms of the X chromosome.The break point "q26" of X was observed in the majority of the cases. Two interesting cases are discussed: one with three way translocation and another with two translocations. A high number of primary amenorrhoea (PA) and secondary amenorrhoea (SA) cases were involved in X-auto translocation which clearly reveals that chromosomal analysis plays an important role in the evaluation of amenorrhoea.


Assuntos
Amenorreia/genética , Cromossomos Humanos X , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Cariotipagem , Adulto Jovem
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