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1.
J Virol ; : jvi0197421, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35019721

RESUMO

The development of therapies to eliminate the latent HIV-1 reservoir is hampered by our incomplete understanding of the biomolecular mechanism governing HIV-1 latency. To further complicate matters, recent single cell RNA-seq studies reported extensive heterogeneity between latently HIV-1-infected primary T cells, implying that latent HIV-1 infection can persist in greatly differing host cell environments. We here show that transcriptomic heterogeneity is also found between latently infected T cell lines, which allowed us to study the underlying mechanisms of intercell heterogeneity at high signal resolution. Latently infected T cells exhibited a de-differentiated phenotype, characterized by the loss of T cell-specific markers and gene regulation profiles reminiscent of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). These changes had functional consequences. As reported for stem cells, latently HIV-1 infected T cells efficiently forced lentiviral superinfections into a latent state and favored glycolysis. As a result, metabolic reprogramming or cell re-differentiation destabilized latent infection. Guided by these findings, data-mining of single cell RNA-seq data of latently HIV-1 infected primary T cells from patients revealed the presence of similar dedifferentiation motifs. >20% of the highly detectable genes that were differentially regulated in latently infected cells were associated with hematopoietic lineage development (e.g. HUWE1, IRF4, PRDM1, BATF3, TOX, ID2, IKZF3, CDK6) or were hematopoietic markers (SRGN; hematopoietic proteoglycan core protein). The data add to evidence that the biomolecular phenotype of latently HIV-1 infected cells differs from normal T cells and strategies to address their differential phenotype need to be considered in the design of therapeutic cure interventions. IMPORTANCE HIV-1 persists in a latent reservoir in memory CD4 T cells for the lifetime of a patient. Understanding the biomolecular mechanisms used by the host cells to suppress viral expression will provide essential insights required to develop curative therapeutic interventions. Unfortunately, our current understanding of these control mechanisms is still limited. By studying gene expression profiles, we demonstrated that latently HIV-1-infected T cells have a de-differentiated T cell phenotype. Software-based data integration allowed for the identification of drug targets that would re-differentiate viral host cells and, in extension, destabilize latent HIV-1 infection events. The importance of the presented data lies within the clear demonstration that HIV-1 latency is a host cell phenomenon. As such, therapeutic strategies must first restore proper host cell functionality to accomplish efficient HIV-1 reactivation.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 428: 128145, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007965

RESUMO

Designing a hemoperfusion adsorbent for the excretion therapy of toxic heavy metals still remains a great challenge due to the biosafety risks of non-biological materials and the desired highly efficient removal capacity. Herein, inspired from the homeostasis mechanism of plants, natural polyphenols are integrated with collagen matrix to construct a polyphenol-functionalized collagen-based artificial liver (PAL) for heavy metals excretion and free radicals scavenging therapy. PAL presents high adsorption capacities for Cu2+, Pb2+, and UO22+ ions, up to 76.98 µmol g-1, 106.70 µmol g-1, and 252.48 µmol g-1, respectively. Remarkably, PAL possesses a high binding affinity for UO22+, Pb2+, and Cu2+ ions even in the complex serum environment with the presence of biologically-relevant ions (e.g., Mg2+, Ca2+ ions). Low hemolysis ratio (1.77%), high cell viability (> 85%), high plasma recalcification time (17.4 min), and low protein adsorption (1.02 µmol g-1) indicate outstanding biocompatibility of this material. This natural polyphenol/collagen-based fully bio-derived hemoperfusion adsorbent provides a novel and potentially applicable strategy for constructing a hemoperfusion adsorbent for heavy metal ions excretion therapy with efficiency and biosafety.

3.
Mol Cell Oncol ; 8(5): 1997040, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859151

RESUMO

Alterations of epigenetic modulators are extensively associated with cancer, but their key molecular activities in cancer regulation are often unclear. We discovered that lysine demethylase 6A (KDM6A, also known as UTX) suppresses cancer by forming liquid-like condensates with lysine methyltransferase 2D (KMT2D, also known as MLL4) and regulating chromatin activity at multiple levels.

4.
Food Chem ; : 131522, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34862078

RESUMO

The aging procedure/storage is essential to enhance the organoleptic quality of strong flavor baijiu (SFB). How the storage affects flavor changes in SFB, that is, the aging mechanisms remains unclear. Herein, the physical and chemical effects on the main flavor compounds of SFB during storage were investigated using the density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. DFT calculation results showed that the activation energy of ester alkyl-oxygen protonation was lower than that of acid hydroxyl-oxygen protonation, which explained the reason why the concentrations of acids increased and those of esters decreased during SFB storage. MD simulation results showed that electrostatic interaction was a major contributor to SFB and that the ethanol-water system containing acids had a stronger electrostatic energy and more hydrogen bonds than the ethanol-water system containing esters. These findings revealed that acids are prone to generating and strengthening associative structures in SFB during storage.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2107891, 2021 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34894376

RESUMO

Separation plays a critical role in a broad range of industrial applications. Developing advanced separation materials is of great significance for the future development of separation technology. Collagen fibers (CFs), the typical structural proteins, exhibit unique structural hierarchy, amphiphilic wettability and versatile chemical reactivity. These distinctive proprieties provided us infinite possibilities for the rational design of advanced separation materials. During the past two decades, we have already witnessed many progressive achievements in the development of CFs-derived advanced separation materials. Herein, we focused on the CFs-based separation materials and reviewed the recent progresses in this topic. CFs widely existing in animal skins display unique hierarchically fibrous structure, amphiphilicity-enabled surface wetting behaviors, multi-functionality guaranteed covalent/non-covalent reaction versatility. These outstanding merits of CFs bring great opportunities for realizing rational design of a variety of advanced separation materials that were capable of achieving high-performance separations to diverse specific targets, including oily pollutants, natural products, metal ions, anionic contaminants and proteins, etc. Besides, we also discussed the important issues for the further development of CFs-based advanced separation materials. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 32(1)2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818664

RESUMO

This study is the first report on production and characterization of the enzyme from an Ornithinibacillus species. A 4.2-fold increase in the extracellular protease (called L9T) production from Ornithinibacillus caprae L9T was achieved through one factor at-a-time approach and response surface methodological optimization. L9T protease exhibited a unique protein band with a mass of 25.9 kDa upon sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This novel protease was active over a range of pH (4-13), temperatures (30-80 oC) and salt concentrations (0-220 g/L), with the maximal activity observed at pH 7, 70 oC and 20 g/L NaCl. Proteolytic activity was upgraded in the presence of Ag+, Ca2+ and Sr2+, but was totally suppressed by 5 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride which suggests that this enzyme belongs to the serine protease family. L9T protease was resistant to certain common organic solvents and surfactants; particularly, 5 mM Tween 20 and Tween 80 improved the activity by 63 and 15%, respectively. More importantly, L9T protease was found to be effective in dehairing of goatskins, cowhides and rabbit-skins without damaging the collagen fibers. These properties confirm the feasibility of L9T protease in industrial applications, especially in leather processing.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(26): 7717-7728, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease has become the most common chronic liver disease worldwide, which originates from the accumulation of triglyceride (TG) in the liver. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are considered to have a predisposition to hepatic steatosis. However, the influencing factors for hepatic fat accumulation in T2DM patients remain unclear. AIM: To investigate the influencing factors for hepatic fat accumulation in T2DM patients. METHODS: We enrolled 329 T2DM patients admitted to the Endocrinology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, who underwent MR mDIXON-Quant examination to quantify the hepatic fat fraction (HFF). According to body mass index (BMI), the patients were divided into normal weight, overweight, and obese groups. The differences in general statistics, biochemical parameters, islet function, and HFF were compared among the three groups. The associations between HFF and other parameters and the influences of various parameters on the severity of hepatic fat accumulation were analyzed. RESULTS: The HFF of T2DM patients gradually increased in the normal weight, overweight, and obese groups (P < 0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that in T2DM patients, HFF was negatively correlated with age and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P < 0.05), whereas it was positively correlated with BMI, waist-hip ratio, fasting plasma glucose, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase, bilirubin, glutamyl transpeptidase, lactate dehydrogenase, albumin (ALB), uric acid (UA), total cholesterol, TG, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), C-reactive protein, free triiodothyronine, fasting insulin, fasting C-peptide, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (P < 0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed significant positive influences of BMI, ALT, LDL-C, UA, and ALB on HFF in T2DM patients (P < 0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that BMI, ALT, ALB, and LDL-C were independent risk factors for moderate to severe fatty liver in T2DM patients, and obesity increased the risk of being complicated with moderate to severe fatty liver by 4.03 times (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The HFF of T2DM patients increases with BMI. Higher BMI, ALT, ALB, and LDL-C are independent risk factors for moderate to severe fatty liver in T2DM patients.

8.
Nature ; 597(7878): 726-731, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526716

RESUMO

UTX (also known as KDM6A) encodes a histone H3K27 demethylase and is an important tumour suppressor that is frequently mutated in human cancers1. However, as the demethylase activity of UTX is often dispensable for mediating tumour suppression and developmental regulation2-8, the underlying molecular activity of UTX remains unknown. Here we show that phase separation of UTX underlies its chromatin-regulatory activity in tumour suppression. A core intrinsically disordered region (cIDR) of UTX forms phase-separated liquid condensates, and cIDR loss caused by the most frequent cancer mutation of UTX is mainly responsible for abolishing tumour suppression. Deletion, mutagenesis and replacement assays of the intrinsically disordered region demonstrate a critical role of UTX condensation in tumour suppression and embryonic stem cell differentiation. As shown by reconstitution in vitro and engineered systems in cells, UTX recruits the histone methyltransferase MLL4 (also known as KMT2D) to the same condensates and enriches the H3K4 methylation activity of MLL4. Moreover, UTX regulates genome-wide histone modifications and high-order chromatin interactions in a condensation-dependent manner. We also found that UTY, the Y chromosome homologue of UTX with weaker tumour-suppressive activity, forms condensates with reduced molecular dynamics. These studies demonstrate a crucial biological function of liquid condensates with proper material states in enabling the tumour-suppressive activity of a chromatin regulator.

9.
J Virol Methods ; 296: 114226, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical importance of commercially available quantitative HBV markers has not been fully investigated. OBJECTIVE: To choice and to evaluate clinically valuable HBV markers for predicting phases of natural history with chronic HBV infection. METHODS: 472 naïve patients with chronic HBV infection were enrolled, in which 21 and 220 were confirmed as HBeAg-positive inactive and active hepatitis (EPIH and EPAH), respectively, and 106 and 125 were confirmed as HBeAg-negative inactive and active hepatitis (ENIH and ENAH), respectively. HBsAg, HBcrAg and anti- HBc were measured using chemiluminescent immunoassay, and HBV DNA was measured using PCR-fluorescence probing assay. RESULTS: There were all statistical differences in medians of HBsAg, anti-HBc, HBcrAg and HBV DNA between EPIH and EPAH and between ENIH and ENAH (all P < 0.01). According to binary logistic stepwise regressions, HBsAg and anti-HBc were preferred variables for predicting EPAH, and HBcrAg and HBV DNA were preferred variables for predicting ENAH. Based on normalization for coefficients of preferred variables entering regression equations, a handy model of MEPAH for predicting EPAH and of MENAH for predicting ENAH was constructed, respectively. Area under receiver operating characteristic curves of MEPAH and MENAH for predicting EPAH and ENAH were 0.882 and 0.931, respectively. With standard of MEPAH ≤ 5.997 and MENAH > 10.535, sensitivity or specificity of which for predicting EPAH and ENAH were about 81.0 % and 87.0 %, respectively. CONCLUSION: HBsAg and anti-HBc for predicting EPAH and HBcrAg and HBV DNA for predicting ENAH are dependable markers; MEPAH for predicting EPAH and MENAH for predicting ENAH have very good performance.


Assuntos
Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B , Biomarcadores , DNA Viral , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos
10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(15): 18209-18217, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845568

RESUMO

Industrial manufacture generates a huge quantity of emulsion wastewater, which causes serious threats to the aquatic ecosystems. Water-in-oil (W/O) and oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions are two major types of emulsions discharged by industries. However, dual separation of W/O and O/W emulsions remains a challenging issue due to the contradictory permselectivity for separating the two emulsions. In the present investigation, the amphiphilicity-derived regional wetting mechanism of water and oil on the amphiphilic collagen fibers was revealed based on the combination of numerous experiments and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Electrostatic interactions and van der Waals force were manifested to be the driving forces of regional wetting in the hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions, respectively. The regional wetting endowed amphiphilic collagen fibers with underwater oleophobicity and underoil hydrophilicity, which enabled dual separation of emulsions by selectively retaining the dispersed water phase of W/O emulsions in the hydrophilic regions while the dispersed oil phase of O/W emulsions in the hydrophobic regions. The achieved separation efficiency was higher than 99.98%, and the flux reached 3337.6 L m-2 h-1. Initial wetting status significantly affects the regional wetting-enabled dual separation. Based on the MD simulations, amphiphilic intramolecular conformations of tropocollagen were suggested to be the origins of regional wetting on collagen fibers. Our findings may pave the way for developing high-performance dual separation materials that are promising to be utilized for the practical treatment of emulsion wastewater.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; 413: 125425, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626472

RESUMO

Chrome-free metal tanning agent has been considered as eco-friendly in the leather industry. However, extensive crosslinking reactions of metal species on the leather surface restrain their uniform penetration into the hierarchical nanoscale leather matrix. Thus, masking agents with appropriate coordination ability are needed. Herein, the selective degradation of hemicellulose in corncob was achieved with 92.5% of conversion in an AlCl3-H2O system, obtaining oligosaccharides masking agent with high purity and leaving cellulose and lignin in the solid residue for other valuable use. Subsequently, H2O2 oxidation was performed to introduce -CHO/-COOH into oligosaccharides and reduce their molecular weights, thereby enhancing coordination ability and reducing ligand dimension. The post-oxidized reaction fluids together with additional Zr species were subjected to leather tanning, in which the oligosaccharides could coordinate with Al/Zr species and promote the penetration of metal species into the leather matrix. By controlling the hemicellulose degradation and oligosaccharide oxidation, an appropriate concentration of oligosaccharides with proper -CHO/-COOH contents allowed the efficient masking effect of the oligosaccharides. As a result, a uniform distribution of Al/Zr species was observed on the cross section, and 83.5 °C of shrinkage temperature was obtained for the chrome-free tanned leather.


Assuntos
Curtume , Zea mays , Biomassa , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Oligossacarídeos , Polissacarídeos
12.
J Environ Manage ; 283: 112001, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497887

RESUMO

Developing efficient adsorbents with radiation stability for uranium removal from nuclear wastewater is greatly important for resource sustainability and environmental safety in manufacturing nuclear fuel. A novel adsorbent of hydrous titanium oxide-immobilized collagen fibers (HTO/CFs) with good radiation stability for UO22+ removal was developed. Results showed that the adsorption capacity of HTO/CFs for UO22+ was 1.379 mmol g-1 at 303 K and pH 5.0 when the initial concentration of UO22+ was 2.5 mmol L-1. Moreover, HTO/CFs showed high selectivity for U(VI) in bilateral mixed solution including UO22+ with another coexisting ion, such as Cl-, NO3-, Zn2+, and Mg2+. The adsorption behavior of UO22+ from radioactive wastewater on HTO/CF column was also investigated, and the breakthrough point was approximately 250 BV (bed volume). Notably, the HTO/CFs column can be rapidly regenerated by using only 4.0 BV of 0.1 mol L-1 HNO3 solution. The regenerated HTO/CFs column exhibited slight change in the breakthrough curve, suggesting its excellent reapplication ability. Furthermore, after irradiation under 60Co γ-ray at total doses of 10-350 kGy, HTO/CFs still preserved fibrous morphology and adsorption capacity, indicating significant radiation stability. These results demonstrate that HTO/CFs are industrial scalable adsorbents for the adsorptive recovery of uranium.


Assuntos
Urânio , Adsorção , Colágeno , Titânio , Águas Residuárias
13.
J Hazard Mater ; 403: 123701, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33264888

RESUMO

The production of lignin micro-/nano-particles (LMNPs) has gained growing interest due to their eco-friendly feature and biological compatibility with negligible hazardous impacts. Herein, this work carefully addresses the preparation of LMNPs from different types of biomass, including pine wood, birch wood, pubescens, vinasse, corncob and corncob residue. Firstly, ligno-oligomers were produced from each biomass through a H2O-THF co-solvent system. Then, LMNPs were generated from these effluents. Uniform and spherical LMNPs, consisting of benzene ring-stacked cores and hydrophilic shells, were obtained only from the liquids yielded by the treatment of the corncob residue and pine wood. The characterization of the ligno-oligomers and the LMNPs revealed that the molecular weights of the ligno-oligomers did not exert a significant effect on their self-assembly capability. The presence of guaiacyl units connected by ß-O-4 and ß-ß linkages was beneficial for the π-π stacking of the benzene rings into compact cores, while the existence of ß-5 linkages and Cα-oxidized side-chains exerted a negative effect. Stable and spherical LMNPs with an appropriate negative zeta potential and a relatively high thermal stability were obtained from the corncob residue and pine wood, which can serve as functional materials in various application areas.


Assuntos
Lignina , Madeira , Biomassa , Peso Molecular , Solventes
14.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 37(4): 268-275, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336500

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) Cancer Susceptibility 2 (CASC2) has been proved to contribute to the development of cancers. However, the mechanism behind the action of CASC2 in thyroid cancer is not quite clear. We demonstrated that CASC2 was downregulated in thyroid cancer. We noted that CASC2 overexpression restrained the growth, migration, and invasion of thyroid cancer cells, whereas CASC2 depletion caused opposite trends. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha inhibitor (FIH-1) was potentially targeted by miR-18a-5p, which was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. Upregulation of FIH-1 abrogated the promotive effect of miR-18a-5p on the growth and invasion of thyroid cancer cells. In addition, CASC2 serves as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) and a ''sponge'' for miR-18a-5p, thereby regulating the expression of FIH-1. These data elucidated the CASC2/miR-18a-5p ceRNA network in thyroid cancer pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Oxigenases de Função Mista/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Pareamento de Bases , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Oxigenases de Função Mista/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 405: 124699, 2021 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301971

RESUMO

The kinetics and mechanisms of the oxidation of Cr(III) in soil contaminated by unsaturated oils were investigated. Batch experiments were performed with unsaturated oils, namely, fish oil, hydrogenated lard oil, rapeseed oil, and caster oil. Impacts of environmental parameters, including temperature, soil pH, UV irradiation, oil content, and soil moisture content were examined. Results showed that oxidation of Cr(III) in oil-treated soils was accompanied by the formation of Cr(VI), which first increased and then decreased. Changes in the peroxide values of oils and the production of hexanal in the soil indicated that hydroperoxide was closely related to the formation of Cr(VI). tert-Butylhydroperoxide, as a model molecule of hydroperoxide, significantly enhanced the oxidation of Cr(III) in water. This result further showed that hydroperoxides were responsible for the oxidation of Cr(III). Native soil substances, such as organic matter, Fe(II), and microbes, and the decomposition products of hydroperoxides, such as aldehydes, could reduce Cr(VI). The change in Cr(VI) content in the soil resulted from the competition between the oxidation of Cr(III) and the reduction of Cr(VI). High temperature, high soil pH, UV irradiation, and low soil moisture content could facilitate the oxidation of Cr(III), which is of environmental significance.

16.
Chemosphere ; 263: 127987, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835980

RESUMO

The high value-added use of tannery solid waste and elimination of tannery liquid waste in the leather-making industry have attracted widespread attention. In this study, a MgO-doped biochar (MgO/BC) adsorbent was successfully prepared by utilizing tannery solid waste (i.e., non-tanned hide wastes) as the biomass material for dye removal from tannery wastewater. Characterization results indicated that MgO was uniformly embedded into the porous BC structure. The adsorption capacity of acid orange II by MgO/BC reached up to 448.4 mg g-1, which drastically exceeded the pure BC and other reported adsorbents. The adsorption behavior of acid orange II by MgO/BC matched nicely with Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic model. This satisfactory adsorption capacity of MgO/BC for acid orange II was mainly due to the large specific surface area and the enhanced electrostatic interaction. According to the BET, zeta potential and XPS analysis, the possible mechanism towards acid orange II removal was attributed to the pore filling, surface complexation, electrostatic attraction and π-π interaction. In addition, MgO/BC showed the efficient removal towards anionic dyes from actual tannery wastewater. This work could provide guidance for the value-added utilization of tannery solid waste and a practical way to remove dyes from tannery wastewater.


Assuntos
Corantes/análise , Curtume , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Adsorção , Compostos Azo , Carvão Vegetal , Cinética , Naftalenos , Resíduos Sólidos , Águas Residuárias/química
17.
Orthop Surg ; 12(6): 1913-1922, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present paper was to evaluate the results of one-stage total hip arthroplasty (THA) for patients with bilateral Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHODS: Data for 58 patients (116 hips) with bilateral Crowe type IV DDH who had one-stage THA performed by the same surgeon during the period of April 2008 to February 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age of the patients was 37.3 years; 5 were men and 53 were women. All patients underwent THA through the posterolateral approach using the Pinnacle acetabular cup, a ceramic-on-ceramic bearing, and the modular S-ROM stem. Subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy was performed on 86/116 hips. Intraoperative conditions were recorded. Radiographic and functional outcomes were evaluated, and complications were recorded. RESULTS: All patients were followed up for an average of 71.3 ± 37.6 months (range, 12-140). The mean operative time was 276.5 ± 57.9 min (range, 175-540). The mean intraoperative blood loss was 933.6 ± 400.8 mL (range, 300-2000). The mean transfusion requirement was 1778 ± 798.0 mL (range, 575-4550). The mean length of hospital stay was 8.6 ± 3.7 days (range, 5-22). At the final follow-up, no loosening of acetabular and femoral components was observed. No osteolysis and heterotopic ossification occurred. The mean Harris hip scores were improved from 55.4 ± 14.3 preoperatively to 91.3 ± 4.2 postoperatively (P < 0.001) In terms of complications, no perioperative deaths were recorded. Deep vein thrombosis occurred in 1 hip, with no pulmonary embolism. Intraoperative femur fracture occurred in 3 hips, nerve injury in 1 hip, and leg length discrepancy in 1 patient. Postoperative dislocation occurred in 5 hips and nonunion in 1 hip. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrated that one-stage bilateral THA for bilateral Crowe type IV DDH is feasible and can effectively restore hip function.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211491

RESUMO

Efficient production of bioethanol is desirable for bioenergy large-scale applications, but it is severely challenged by ethanol and sugar stresses. Here, collagen peptide (CP), as a renewable nitrogen-containing biomass, remarkably enhanced the stress resistance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae SLL-510 against ethanol challenge, based on its unique amino acid composition. Transcriptome analysis showed that the energy, lipid, cofactor, and vitamin metabolism may involve in stress tolerance provided by CP. When CP was added into the media containing 249.99 mg/mL glucose, the bioethanol yield increased from 8.03 to 12.25% (v/v) and 11.35 to 12.29% (v/v) at 43 and 120 h, respectively. Moreover, at 286.79 mg/mL glucose, the highest yield reached 14.48% (v/v), with 99.58% glucose utilization rate. The protection and promotion effects of CP were also shown by four other industrial S. cerevisiae strains. These results coupled with the advantages of abundant reserves, cleanliness, and renewability revealed that CP is a promising economically viable and industrially scalable enhancer for bioethanol fermentation.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(48): 54117-54126, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201659

RESUMO

A high-shielding, low secondary radiation, lightweight, flexible, and wearable X-ray protection material was prepared by coimpregnating La2O3 and Bi2O3 nanoparticles in natural leather (NL) with an additional Bi2O3 coating at the bottom surface of the leather. The prepared Bi28.2@Bi3.48La3.48-NL (28.2 and 3.48 mmol·cm-3 are the loading contents of elements) showed excellent X-ray shielding ability (65-100%) in a wide energy range of 20-120 keV with reduced scattered secondary radiation (30%). The bottom surface coating played a critical role in enhancing the X-ray attenuation and reducing the scattered secondary radiation by reflecting and deflecting incident X-ray photons. Excellent mechanical property with superb bending resistance of the NL matrix was properly maintained, and its tensile strength and tearing load were 15.39 MPa and 25.81 N·mm-1, respectively. This lightweight and wearable high-performance protection material can facilitate safety and comfortability during intensive activities of practitioners in the health care industry.

20.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 43(9): 526-536, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-197968

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the quantitative markers of hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) and anti-hepatitis B core antigen antibodies HbcAb versus hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B virus DNA (HBV DNA) in predicting liver fibrosis levels in chronic hepatitis B patients. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive and 245 HBeAg-negative patients were enrolled. With reference to the Scheuer standard, stage 2 or higher and stage 4 liver disease were defined as significant fibrosis and cirrhosis, respectively. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the performance of the HBV markers investigated. RESULTS: The areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) of HBcrAg in predicting significant fibrosis and cirrhosis in HBeAg-positive patients (0.577 and 0.700) were both close to those of HBsAg (0.617 and 0.762) (both P> 0.05). In HBeAg-negative patients (0.797 and 0.837), they were both significantly greater than those of HBV DNA (0.723 and 0.738) (P=0.0090 and P=0.0079). The AUCs of HBcAb in predicting significant fibrosis and cirrhosis in HBeAg-positive patients (0.640 and 0.665) were both close to those of HBsAg. In HBeAg-negative patients (0.570 and 0.621), they were both significantly less than those of HBcrAg (P <0.0001 and P=0.0001). Specificity in predicting significant fibrosis and sensitivity in predicting cirrhosis in HBeAg-positive patients, using a single cut-off of HBsAg ≤5,000 IU/ml, were 76.5% and 72.7%, respectively. In HBeAg-negative patients, using a single cut-off of HBcrAg>80kU/ml, they were 85.9% and 81.3%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: HBsAg has good performance in predicting liver fibrosis levels in HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative patients, and HBcrAg has very good performance in predicting liver fibrosis levels in HBeAg-negative patients


OBJETIVO: Evaluar el rendimiento de los marcadores cuantitativos del antígeno central de la hepatitis B (HBcrAg) y los anticuerpos contra el antígeno central de la hepatitis B (HBcAb) frente al antígeno de superficie de la hepatitis B (HBsAg) y el ADN del virus de la hepatitis B (ADN del VHB) en la predicción de los niveles de fibrosis hepática de los pacientes con hepatitis B crónica. MÉTODOS: Se inscribieron 250 pacientes con HBsAg positivo y 245 pacientes con HBeAg negativo. Con referencia al estándar de Scheuer, la etapa patológica hepática 2 o superior y la etapa 4 se definieron como fibrosis y cirrosis significativas, respectivamente. Se utilizó la curva característica de funcionamiento del receptor (ROC) para evaluar el rendimiento de los marcadores del VHB investigados. RESULTADOS: Las áreas bajo la curva ROC (AUC) del HBcrAg en la predicción de la fibrosis y cirrosis significativa de los pacientes positivos para el HBeAg (0,577 y 0,700) fueron ambas cercanas a las del HBsAg (0,617 y 0,762) (ambas p > 0,05); de los pacientes negativos para el HBeAg (0,797 y 0,837) fueron ambas significativamente mayores que las del ADN del VHB (0,723 y 0,738) (p = 0,0090 y p = 0,0079); las AUC del HBcAb en la predicción de la fibrosis y cirrosis significativa de los pacientes positivos para el HBeAg (0,640 y 0,665) fueron ambas cercanas a las del HBsAg; de los pacientes negativos para el HBeAg (0,570 y 0,621) fueron ambas significativamente menores que las del HBcrAg (p < 0,0001 y p = 0,0001). La especificidad en la predicción de la fibrosis significativa y la sensibilidad en la predicción de la cirrosis de los pacientes positivos para el HBeAg, utilizando un solo corte de HBsAg ≤ 5.000 UI/mL fueron 76,5 y 72,7%, respectivamente; de los pacientes negativos para el HBeAg utilizando un solo corte de HBcrAg > 80 kU/mL fueron 85,9 y 81,3%, respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: El HBsAg tiene un buen rendimiento en la predicción de los niveles de fibrosis hepática de los pacientes HBeAg positivos y negativos, mientras que HBcrAg tiene un muy buen rendimiento en la predicción de los niveles de fibrosis de los pacientes HBaAg negativos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Vírus da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , DNA Viral/análise , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Curva ROC
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