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1.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 252, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The occurrence of health events preceding a psoriatic arthritis (PsA) diagnosis may serve as predictors of diagnosis. We sought to assess patients' real-world experiences in obtaining a PsA diagnosis. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed MarketScan claims data from January 2006 to April 2019. Included were adult patients with ≥ 2 PsA diagnoses (ICD-9-CM/ICD-10-CM) ≥ 30 days apart with ≥ 6 years of continuous enrolment before PsA diagnosis. Controls were matched 2:1 to patients with PsA. Health events (diagnoses and provider types) were analyzed before PsA diagnosis and additionally stratified by presence of psoriasis. RESULTS: Of 13,661 patients, those with PsA had an increased history of coding for arthritis and dermatologic issues (osteoarthritis [48% vs 22%], rheumatoid arthritis [18% vs 2%], and psoriasis [61% vs 2%]) vs those without PsA. Diagnoses of arthritis, axial symptoms, and tendonitis/enthesitis increased over time preceding PsA diagnosis; notably, a sharp rise in psoriasis diagnoses was observed 6 months before PsA diagnosis. Rheumatology consults were more common immediately preceding a PsA diagnosis. Dermatologists were unlikely to code for arthritis and musculoskeletal issues, while rheumatologists were unlikely to code for psoriasis; general practitioners focused on axial and musculoskeletal symptoms. PsA was most commonly diagnosed by rheumatologists (40%), general practitioners (22%), and dermatologists (7%). CONCLUSIONS: Rheumatologists, general practitioners, and dermatologists diagnosed two thirds of patients with PsA. Musculoskeletal symptoms were common preceding a PsA diagnosis. Greater awareness of patterns of health events may alert healthcare providers to suspect a diagnosis of PsA.

2.
Acta Cir Bras ; 36(8): e360802, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644770

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of atractylenolide (Atr) III on sepsis-induced lung damage. METHODS: We constructed a mouse sepsis model through cecal ligation and puncture. These mice were allocated to the normal, sepsis, sepsis + Atr III-L (2 mg/kg), as well as Atr III-H (8 mg/kg) group. Lung injury and pulmonary fibrosis were accessed via hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Masson's staining. We used terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) and flow cytometry for detecting sepsis-induced lung cell apoptosis. The contents of the inflammatory cytokines in lung tissue were measured via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Atr III-H did not only reduce sepsis-induced lung injury and apoptosis level, but also curbed the secretion of inflammatory factors. Atr III-H substantially ameliorated lung function and raised Bcl-2 expression. Atr III-H eased the pulmonary fibrosis damage and Bax, caspase-3, Vanin-1 (VNN1), as well as Forkhead Box Protein O1 (FoxO1) expression. CONCLUSIONS: Atr III alleviates sepsis-mediated lung injury via inhibition of FoxO1 and VNN1 protein.


Assuntos
Amidoidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/antagonistas & inibidores , Lesão Pulmonar , Sepse , Sesquiterpenos , Animais , Apoptose , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/antagonistas & inibidores , Lactonas , Camundongos , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia
3.
Stem Cells Dev ; 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486384

RESUMO

Bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) treatment has been shown to be beneficial for adriamycin nephropathy (AN).However, the low transplantation rate is still the key factor that affects this strategy. This study is the first to investigate the efficacy and potential mechanism of ultrasound-guided transrenal arterial transfer of BMSCs for the treatment of AN in rats. The AN rat model was established by two injections of doxorubicin. In addition, the rats were randomly divided into four groups (10 rats per group): the normal group (no treatment), the medium control group (treated with medium), the adriamycin group (treated with phosphate buffer), and the BMSC group (treated with BMSCs). After 4 weeks, the levels of serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and urine albumin (ALb) were measured. In addition, pathological changes in kidney tissue were evaluated by pathological sectioning and electron microscopy. Western blotting was used to determine the levels of proteins in rat kidneys. Ultrasound-guided renal artery transplantation of BMSCs reduced the levels of SCr, BUN and ALb and improved the pathological structure of rat kidneys compared with those in the adriamycin group. This treatment inhibited renal cell necrosis by reducing the expression of receptor-interacting Serine/theronine Kinase 3 (RIPK3) and Mixed lineage kinase domain-like pseudokinase (MLKL) and inhibited renal inflammation and fibrosis by reducing the expression of Toll Like receptor 4 (TLR4) and Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). Our study shows that ultrasound-guided transrenal artery transplantation of BMSCs can improve AN-induced renal injury in rats by regulating the RIPK3/MLKL and TLR-4/NF-κB pathways and inhibiting renal necrosis, inflammation and fibrosis.

4.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2021: 5573594, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531703

RESUMO

Background: Abnormal endometrial repair after injury results in the formation of intrauterine adhesions (IUA) and a thin endometrium, which are key causes for implantation failure and infertility. Stem cell transplantation offers a potential alternative for some cases of severe Asherman's syndrome that cannot be treated with surgery or hormonal therapy. Umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) have been reported to repair the damaged endometrium. However, there is no report on the effects of UCMSCs previously seeded on human acellular amniotic matrix (AAM) on endometrial injury. Methods: Absolute ethanol was injected into rat uteri to damage the endometrium. UCMSCs previously seeded on AAM were surgically transplanted. Using a variety of methods, the treatment response was assessed by endometrial thickness, endometrial biomarker expression, endometrial receptivity, cell proliferation, and inflammatory factors. Results: Endometrial thickness was markedly improved after UCMSC-AAM transplantation. The expression of endometrial biomarkers, namely, vimentin, cytokeratin, and integrin ß3, in treated rats increased compared with untreated rats. In the UCMSC-AAM group, the VEGF expression decreased, whereas that of MMP9 increased compared with the injury group. Moreover, in the AAM group, the MMP9 expression increased. The expression of proinflammatory factors (IL-2, TNFα, and IFN-γ) in the UCMSC-AAM group decreased compared with the untreated group, whereas the expression of anti-inflammatory factors (IL-4, IL-10) increased significantly. Conclusions: UCMSC transplantation using AAM as the carrier can be applied to treat endometrial injury in rats. The successful preparation of lyophilized AAM provides the possibility of secondary infectious disease screening and amniotic matrix quality detection, followed by retrospective analysis. The UCMSC-AAM complex may promote the better application of UCMSCs on the treatment of injured endometrium.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(17): 4403-4409, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581043

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the pharmacodynamic differences of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR), Puerariae Thomsonii Radix(PTR) and their different processed products and the influences of these medical materials on the diversity of intestinal flora. The Sennae Folium-induced diarrhea model, streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetes model and L-nitro-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME)-induced hypertension model were used to compare the pharmacodynamic differences in anti-diarrhea, blood glucose reduction and blood pressure lowering among raw, roasted and vinegar-processed PLR and PTR. The effects of raw and processed PLR and PTR on intestinal flora diversity of rats were evaluated by 16 S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. The roasted PLR and PTR performed better in anti-diarrhea, especially the former. PLR and its processed products all presented the efficacy of reducing blood glucose, and the vinegar-processed PLR was the most outstanding. The raw PTR was not that effective in reducing blood glucose, whereas its efficacy was improved after roasting and vinegar processing. Both PLR and PTR were capable of lowering blood pressure to a certain extent, and PLR is superior to PTR in this aspect. Further, the vinegar-processed PLR showed the best effect. The diversity of intestinal flora was different among rats to which different products of PLR and PTR were administered. The roasted PLR led to the highest abundance of Lactobacillus, which was closely related to its best antidiarrheal effect. The highest abilities of vinegar-processed PLR to lower blood glucose and blood pressure were associated with the high abundance of Blautia and Prevotella_9. This study lays a foundation for elucidating the processing mechanisms of PLR and PTR and provides a basis for their further development and application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Pueraria , Animais , Raízes de Plantas , Ratos
6.
Int J Legal Med ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580752

RESUMO

Early myocardial ischemia-induced sudden cardiac deaths (EMI-SCD) remain a great diagnostic challenge for forensic pathologists due to no gross or non-specific histological pathology. The goal of this study was to assess whether three secretory proteins, related with cellular endoplasmic reticulum stress, can be applied in forensic diagnosis of EMI-SCD. These markers included LMAN2, CAPN-1, and VCP and were compared with two clinically used markers (CK-MB and cTnI). A total of 21 EMI-SCD cases with a mean age of 53.0 (± 10.5) years and a mean ischemia interval of < 2.77 (± 2.56) hours were collected. Another 23 cases (mean 44.6 ± 15.0 year old) that died from non-cardiac causes served as control. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to detect target proteins' serum concentrations in the EMI-SCD and control groups. We found that LMAN2, CAPN-1, and VCP were all significantly increased in the EMI-SCD group as compared with control serum, with the fold changes ranging from 1.48 (p = 0.0022, LMAN2), 1.33 (p = 0.041, CAPN-1), to 1.26 (p = 0.021, VCP), respectively. The concentrations of these proteins remained highly stable within 6 h and were not affected by death time, postmortem interval (< 4 h), age, and month at death. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves showed that the areas under the curve (AUC) were 0.8178 (LMAN2), 0.6988 (CAPN-1), and 0.7267 (VCP), all of which were higher than CK-MB (AUC 0.5590) and cTn-I (AUC 0.5911). The diagnostic specificity (all above 60%) was obviously higher than CK-MB (43.48%) and cTnI (34.78%). In conclusion, LMAN-2, CAPN-1, and VCP could be stable serological biomarkers for diagnosis of EMI-SCD cases.

7.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549894

RESUMO

Many lacewing species (Insecta: Neuroptera) are important predators of pests with great potential in biological control. So far, there is no chromosome-level published genome available for Neuroptera. Here we report a high-quality chromosome-level reference genome for a green lacewing species Chrysopa pallens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), which is one of the most important insect natural enemies used in pest biocontrol. The genome was sequenced using a combination of PacBio and Hi-C technologies and assembled into seven chromosomes with a total size of 517.21 Mb, occupying 96.07% of the genome sequence. A total of 12,840 protein-coding genes were identified and approximately 206.21 Mb of repeated sequences were annotated. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that C. pallens diverged from its common ancestor with Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera) approximately 300 million years ago. The gene families involved in digestion, detoxification, chemoreception, carbohydrate metabolism, immunity, nerves and development were significantly expanded, revealing the potential genomic basis for the polyphagia of C. pallens and its role as an excellent biocontrol agent. This high-quality genome of C. pallens will provide an important genomic resource for future population genetics, evolutionary and phylogenetic investigations of Chrysopidae as well as comparative genomic studies of Neuropterida and other insects.

8.
Acta Histochem ; 123(7): 151773, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are an effective new strategy for the treatment of kidney diseases. At present, noninvasive and efficient transplantation approaches to homing BMSCs to the renal parenchyma is still a serious challenge. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and potential mechanism of ultrasound-guided intraparenchymal transplantation of BMSCs for the treatment of adriamycin nephropathy (AN) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A rat AN model was induced by 2 injections of doxorubicin. The rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 10 animals in each group) : normal group (N group, no treatment), control medium group (CM group, transplant medium 1.0 mL), adriamycin nephropathy group (ADR group, phosphate buffered saline 1.0 mL), or BMSCs group (BMSCs fluid 1.0 mL). Intraparenchymal injection was completed under ultrasound guidance. After 4 weeks of treatment, blood samples were collected for serum biochemical measurements and ELISAs. The kidneys were removed for histopathological examination, electron microscopy, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL), and western blot analysis. RESULTS: No deaths occurred in any group after BMSCs transplantation through the renal parenchyma under ultrasound guidance. Compared with the N and CM groups, in the ADR group, blood serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and urine albumin (ALb) were higher, glomerular and tubular dilatation was observed, the number of apoptotic cells was higher, and the protein levels of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3)/mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) and nucleotide leukin-rich polypeptide 3 (NLRP3), key components of pathways in rat kidney, were significantly higher. Compared with those in the ADR group, the levels of SCr, BUN, ALb and serum proinflammatory cytokines in the BMSCs group were lower, the pathological structure of the kidney was improved, the number of apoptotic cells was lower, and the levels of RIPK3/MLKL and NLRP3 were significantly lower. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided intraparenchymal transplantation of BMSCs regulated the RIPK3/MLKL and NLRP3 pathways in a minimally invasive and safe manner, thereby inhibiting renal necrosis and inflammation and playing a protective role in rat AN.

9.
Hum Reprod ; 36(11): 2904-2915, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545401

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: What is the relationship between mitochondria of granulosa cells (GCs) and age and ovarian function in the patients under the POSEIDON classification? SUMMARY ANSWER: Our results revealed obvious abnormal mitochondrial-related changes in low prognosis IVF population, where age and the function of ovarian reserve exerted a divergent effect on mitochondrial content and function. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mitochondria have an important role in the cross-talk between GCs and oocytes. However, factors affecting mitochondria of GCs and related mechanisms are still poorly understood. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: GCs samples were obtained from 119 infertile women undergoing IVF from September 2020 to February 2021. Six groups were investigated by the POSEIDON stratification: young with normal prognosis (C1), aging with normal prognosis (C2), young and low prognosis group with normal ovarian reserve (NOR) (G1), aging and low prognosis group with NOR (G2), young and low prognosis group with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) (G3), and aging and low prognosis group with DOR (G4). PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: The morphology of GC mitochondria was observed by transmission electron microscopy. MtDNA copy number and mitochondrial replication-related genes were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and cytosolic reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected by confocal microscopy. Cellular glycolysis and aerobic respiratory capacity were analyzed by Seahorse XFe96 Analyzer, and related gene expression and protein levels were assessed by qPCR and Western blot. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: Compared to the normal prognosis groups, mitochondrial morphology was impaired in the low prognosis groups, where the young groups (G1, G3) with low prognosis showed phenotypes undergoing oxidative stress (round, vacuolated, swollen with decreased matrix density) and the aging groups (G2, G4) revealed typical aging characteristics (an irregular shape with heterogeneous matrix density and cord-like cristae). Additionally, the degree of corresponding change and damage was more obvious in patients with DOR (G3, G4) regardless of age. For mitochondrial content, the mtDNA copy number in GCs was significantly negatively correlated with age in the low prognosis groups (ß = -0.373, P = 0.005). Interestingly, the relationship between mtDNA copy number and anti-Mullerian hormone score differed between the two age groups with low prognosis, with a negative correlation in the young groups (ß = -0.639, P = 0.049) and a positive correlation in the aging groups (ß = 0.505, P = 0.039). In addition, significantly reduced mitochondrial activity (MMP, ROS) and cell metabolism (both glycolysis and OXPHOS) were observed in the low prognosis groups, with the most obvious decrease being observed in the DOR population. However, the metabolism of the GCs in normal prognosis aging women (C2) shifted from OXPHOS to anaerobic glycolysis. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Owing to the difficulties involved in primary GC collection and culture, the sample size was limited. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Mitochondrial abnormality is closely linked to the low prognostic outcome in IVF patients. Supplementing the functional mitochondrial content or improving mitochondrial function by autologous mitochondrial transfer or mitochondrial-related regulating drugs may help improve the clinical outcomes in patients with a low prognosis, especially for those with DOR. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21737001), the Peking University Clinical Medicine + X Youth Project (PKU2020LCXQ011), the Research and Development Program of Peking University People's Hospital (No. RDH2017-03; No. RDX2019-06) and the Application of Clinical Features of Capital Special Subject (Z171100001017130). There were no competing interests. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: This study was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Clinical Trial Number: ChiCTR2100045531).

10.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e047560, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404702

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: As the largest and most rapidly ageing population, Chinese people are now the major driver of the continued growth in dementia prevalence globally. The need for evidence-based interventions in Chinese communities is urgent. Although a wide range of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for dementia have been trialled in Chinese populations, the evidence has not been systematically synthesised. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to map out the interventions for people living with dementia and their carers in Chinese communities worldwide and compare the effectiveness of these interventions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols checklist. We will search Chinese (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang DATA) and English bibliographical databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus, Global Health, WHO Global Index Medicus, Virtual Health Library, Cochrane CENTRAL, Social Care Online, BASE, MODelling Outcome and cost impacts of interventions for DEMentia (MODEM) Toolkit, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews), complemented by hand searching of reference lists. We will include studies evaluating the effectiveness of interventions for dementia or mild cognitive impairment in Chinese populations, using a randomised controlled trial design, and published between January 2008 and June 2020. We will use a standardised form to extract data and Version 2 of the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomised trials to assess the risk of bias of the included studies. Collected data will be fully interpreted with narrative synthesis and analysed using pairwise and network meta-analyses to pool intervention effects where sufficient information is available. We will perform subgroup analysis and meta-regression to explore potential reasons for heterogeneity. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No formal ethics approval is required for this protocol. The findings will facilitate the development of studies on interventions for dementia and timely inform dementia policymaking and practice. Planned dissemination channels include peer-reviewed publications, conference presentations, public events and websites. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019134135.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Demência , China , Demência/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
11.
J Med Chem ; 64(16): 12379-12396, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374537

RESUMO

Enhancing neuronal α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7 nAChR) function can alleviate cognitive deficits. Here, we report the design, synthesis, and evaluation of N-(4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-1,3,5-triazin-2-amine derivatives 8-10 as a series of novel α7 nAChR positive allosteric modulators (PAMs). The representative compound 10e functions as a type I PAM with an EC50 of 3.0 µM and approximately 38-fold enhancement of α7 current in the presence of agonist acetylcholine (100 µM). It specifically enhances α7 current with high selectivity. Compound 10e shows good pharmacokinetic property in mice. Intraperitoneal injection of 10e (3 mg/kg) exhibits sufficient blood-brain barrier penetration in mice. Furthermore, 10e can also rescue the auditory gating deficit in mice with schizophrenia-like behavior. Molecular docking of 10e with homopentameric α7 nAChR reveals a new mode of action. These results support the potential of 10e for treatment for schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease.

12.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(7): e0009443, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237061

RESUMO

Echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic parasitic disease transmitted from canines to humans and livestock. Periodic deworming is recommended by the WHO/OIE as a highly effective measure against echinococcosis. However, manual deworming involves significant challenges, particularly in remote areas with scarce resources. The insufficient awareness delivering praziquantel (PZQ) baits for dogs leads to low compliance rate. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a novel smart collar for dogs to address these challenges. We developed a smart Internet of Things (IoT)-based deworming collar which can deliver PZQ baits for dogs automatically, regularly, quantitatively with predominant characteristics of being waterproof, anti-collision, cold-proof and long life battery. Its performance was tested in two remote locations on the Tibetan Plateau. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to evaluate the compliance of the dog owners. Further, a randomized controlled study was performed to evaluate the difference between smart-collar deworming and manual deworming. The collar's effectiveness was further assessed on the basis of Generalized Estimation Equations (GEE). The testing and evaluation was done for 10 smart deworming collars in factory laboratory, 18 collars attached for 18 dogs in Seni district, Tibet Autonomous Region, China, and 523 collars attached for 523 dogs in Hezuo city, Gansu province, China. The anti-collision, waterproof, and coldproof proportion of the smart collars were 100.0%, 99.5%, and 100.0%, respectively. When compared to manual deworming, the dogs' risk of infection with Echinococcus on smart-collar deworming is down to 0.182 times (95% CI: 0.049, 0.684) in Seni district and 0.355 (95%CI: 0.178, 0.706) in Hezuo city, the smart collar has a significant protective effect. The owners' overall compliance rate to attach the smart collars for their dogs was 89%. The smart deworming collar could effectively reduce the dogs' risk of infection with Echinococcus in dogs, significantly increase the deworming frequency and coverage and rapidly remove worm biomass in dogs. Thus, it may be a promising alternative to manual deworming, particularly in remote areas on the Tibetan Plateau.

13.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240426

RESUMO

Acute transient swelling (ATS) of the thyroid is a rare complication following fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules. We present 31 cases with 35 nodules encountered at our institute and reported in the literature, to provide further information. The incidence rate in our institute was 0.46%. Of these nodules, 74.3% (26/35) were solid, 65.7% (23/35) exhibited hypervascularity, and 77.2% (27/35) were benign or follicular neoplasms. Although most cases (87.1%, 27/31) occurred within 2 h after FNA, four patients experienced delayed ATS after 7 h to 2 days. Therefore, awareness of this complication, especially its delayed occurrence, should be raised.

14.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 34(6): 425-438, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284850

RESUMO

Objective: This study was aimed at examining the trends and correlates of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors among Chinese children. Methods: A total of 4,341 subjects (6,936 observations) aged 6-17 years who participated in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (2004-2015) were included. Of the subjects, 41% participated in the survey twice or more. Random-effects ordinal regression models and repeated-measures mixed-effects models were used to examine the PA trends. Quantile regression models were applied to examine the factors influencing PA and sedentary behaviors. Results: From 2004 to 2015, the prevalence of physical inactivity among Chinese children aged 6-17 years increased by 5.5% [odds ratio ( OR), 1.51; 95% confidence interval ( CI), 1.19-1.90; P < 0.001]. The PA volume declined by 5.8 metabolic equivalent of task-hr/week ( P < 0.001), and the time spent in sedentary behaviors increased by 1.8 hr/week ( P < 0.001). Age, ethnicity, and region showed significant effects on the PA volume across the quartiles ( P < 0.001). Across the quartiles, sedentary time was significantly higher in the children residing in urban areas ( P < 0.001) or areas with high urbanization levels ( P ≤ 0.005) than in their counterparts. Conclusions: A declining PA trend among Chinese children aged 6-17 years was observed from 2004 to 2015, and certain subgroups and geographical areas are at higher risk of physical inactivity.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Infantil/etnologia , Exercício Físico , Comportamento Sedentário/etnologia , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Análise de Regressão
15.
Cell Res ; 31(10): 1088-1105, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267352

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as a new class of important regulators of signal transduction in tissue homeostasis and cancer development. Liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) occurs in a wide range of biological processes, while its role in signal transduction remains largely undeciphered. In this study, we uncovered a lipid-associated lncRNA, small nucleolar RNA host gene 9 (SNHG9) as a tumor-promoting lncRNA driving liquid droplet formation of Large Tumor Suppressor Kinase 1 (LATS1) and inhibiting the Hippo pathway. Mechanistically, SNHG9 and its associated phosphatidic acids (PA) interact with the C-terminal domain of LATS1, promoting LATS1 phase separation and inhibiting LATS1-mediated YAP phosphorylation. Loss of SNHG9 suppresses xenograft breast tumor growth. Clinically, expression of SNHG9 positively correlates with YAP activity and breast cancer progression. Taken together, our results uncover a novel regulatory role of a tumor-promoting lncRNA (i.e., SNHG9) in signal transduction and cancer development by facilitating the LLPS of a signaling kinase (i.e., LATS1).

16.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 34(5): 372-378, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059174

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a preliminary subjective evaluation scale for assessing the built environments of China's Hygienic City Initiative and to evaluate its reliability and validity. Methods: The initial items of the scale were determined based on a review of policy documents and consultations with experts. The final items of the scale were confirmed through individual interviews with residents combined with the discretetrend method, critical ratio method, correlation coefficient method, and factor analysis method. Then, the dimensions of the scale were determined using exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The Cronbach's α coefficient, split-half reliability coefficient, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to assess the reliability and validity of the scale. Results: A scale containing five dimensions with 22 items was established, including urban lifestyle, governance, basic functions, environmental sanitation, and amenities. The Cronbach's α coefficient of the scale was 0.876, and the split-half reliability coefficient was 0.796. The CFA results indicate that each inspection level was within the standard limit. Conclusion: The preliminarily subjective evaluation scale for assessing the built environments of China's Hygienic City Initiative demonstrates a high level of reliability and validity. Additional empirical studies should be carried out to further verify the value of the scale in terms of practical application.


Assuntos
Ambiente Construído/psicologia , Política de Saúde , Higiene , Satisfação Pessoal , Saúde da População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Percepção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Curr Top Dev Biol ; 144: 353-375, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992158

RESUMO

Sexual interactions negatively impact health and longevity in many species across the animal kingdom. C. elegans has been established as a good model to study how mating and intense sexual interactions influence longevity of the individuals. In this chapter, we review the most recent discoveries in this field. We first describe the phenotypes caused by intense mating, including shrinking, fat loss, and glycogen loss. We then describe three major mechanisms underlying mating-induced killing: germline activation, seminal fluid transfer, and male pheromone-mediated toxicity. Next, we summarize the current knowledge of genetic pathways involved in regulating mating-induced death, including DAF-9/DAF-12 steroid signaling, Insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS), and TOR signaling. Finally, we discuss the possible fitness benefits of mating-induced death. Throughout this review, we compare and contrast mating-induced death between the sexes and among different species in an effort to discuss this phenomenon and underlying mechanisms from the evolutionary perspective. Further investigation using mated C. elegans will improve our understanding of sexual antagonism, as well as the coordination between reproduction and somatic longevity in response to various external signals. Due to the evolutionary conservation in many aspects of mating-induced death, what we learn from a short-lived mated worm could provide new strategies to improve our own fitness and longevity.

18.
Microsc Res Tech ; 84(10): 2311-2324, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908123

RESUMO

Accurate cerebral neuron segmentation is required before neuron counting and neuron morphological analysis. Numerous algorithms for neuron segmentation have been published, but they are mainly evaluated using limited subsets from a specific anatomical region, targeting neurons of clear contrast and/or neurons with similar staining intensity. It is thus unclear how these algorithms perform on cerebral neurons in diverse anatomical regions. In this article, we introduce and reliably evaluate existing machine learning algorithms using a data set of microscopy images of macaque brain. This data set highlights various anatomical regions (e.g., cortex, caudate, thalamus, claustrum, putamen, hippocampus, subiculum, lateral geniculate, globus pallidus, etc.), poor contrast, and staining intensity differences of neurons. The evaluation was performed using 10 architectures of six classic machine learning algorithms in terms of typical Recall, Precision, F-score, aggregated Jaccard index (AJI), as well as a performance ranking of algorithms. F-score of most of the algorithms is superior to 0.7. Deep learning algorithms facilitate generally higher F-scores. U-net with suitable layer depth has been evaluated to be excellent classifiers with F-score of 0.846 and 0.837 when performing cross validation. The evaluation and analysis indicate the performance gap among algorithms in various anatomical regions and the strengths and limitations of each algorithm. The comparative result highlights at the same time the importance and difficulty of neuron segmentation and provides clues for future improvement. To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first comprehensive study for neuron segmentation in such large-scale anatomical regions. Neuron segmentation plays a critical role in extracting cerebral information, such as neuron counting and neuron morphological analysis. Accurate automated cerebral neuron segmentation is a challenging task due to different kinds, poor contrast, staining intensity differences, and fuzzy boundaries of neurons. The comprehensive evaluation and analysis of performance among existing machine learning algorithms in diverse anatomical regions allows to make clear of the strengths and limitations of state-of-the-art algorithm. The comprehensive study provides clues for future improvement and creation of automated methods.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Macaca , Animais , Encéfalo , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Aprendizado de Máquina , Neurônios
19.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 50, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a neglected cross-species parasitic disease transmitted between canines and livestock, echinococcosis remains a global public health concern with a heavy disease burden. In China, especially in the epidemic pastoral communities on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the harsh climate, low socio-economic status, poor overall hygiene, and remote and insufficient access to all owned dogs exacerbate the difficulty in implementing the ambitious control programme for echinococcosis. We aimed to design and implement a remote management system (RMS) based on internet of things (IoT) for control and surveillance of echinococcosis by combining deworming devices to realise long-distance smart deworming control, smooth statistical analysis and result display. New methods and tools are urgently needed to increase the deworming coverage and frequency, promote real-time scientific surveillance, and prevent transmission of echinococcosis in remoted transmission areas. METHODS: From 2016 to 2019, we had cooperated and developed the smart collar and smart feeder with the Central Research Institute of Shanghai Electric Group Co., Ltd. (Shanghai, China) and Shenzhen Jizhi Future Technology Co., Ltd. (Shenzhen, China). From September 2019 to March 2020, We had proposed the RMS based on IoT as a novel tool to control smart deworming devices to deliver efficient praziquantel (PZQ) baits to dogs regularly and automatically and also as a smart digital management platform to monitor, analyse, and display the epidemic trends of echinococcosis dynamically, in real time in Hezuo City, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province, China. Starting from January 2018, The RMS has been maintained and upgraded by Shanghai Yier Information Technology Co., Ltd (Shanghai, China). The database was based on MySQL tools and the Chi-square test was used to probe the difference and changes of variables in different groups. RESULTS: The smart collars are fully capable of anti-collision, waterproof, and cold-proof performance, and the battery's energy is sufficient, the anti-collision rate, water-proof rate, cold-proof rate and voltage normal rate is 99.6% (521/523), 100.0% (523/523), 100.0% (523/523) and 100.0% (523/523), respectively. The RMS can accurately analyse the monitoring data and parameters including positive rates of canine faeces, and the prevalence of echinococcosis in the general population livestock, and children. The data of dogs deworming and surveillance for echinococcosis is able to be controlled using RMS and has expanded gradually in townships to the whole Hezuo region. The automatic delivering PZQ rate, collar positioning rate, deliver PZQ reminding rate, and fault report rate is 91.1% (1914/2102), 92.1% (13 580/14 745), 92.1% (1936/2102) and 84.7% (1287/1519), respectively. After using the RMS from 2019, the missing rate of monitoring data decreased from 32.1% (9/28) to 0 (0/16). A total of 48 administrators (3, 3, 8, 11, 23 at the provincial, municipal, county, township, village levels, respectively) participated in the questionnaire survey, with 93.8% of its overall satisfaction rate. CONCLUSIONS: The existing difficulties and challenges in the way of prevention and control for echinococcosis can partially be resolved using the innovative, IoT-based technologies and tools. The proposed RMS advance the upgrade of existing manual prevention and control models for echinococcosis, especially in the current ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, as social distance and community blockade continue.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle , Equinococose/veterinária , Monitoramento Epidemiológico/veterinária , Robótica , Animais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Cães , Equinococose/prevenção & controle , Internet das Coisas , Pandemias , Quarentena , Robótica/instrumentação , Robótica/métodos , Tibet/epidemiologia
20.
Phytomedicine ; 84: 153520, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schisandrol B (SolB) is one of the bioactive components from a traditional Chinese medicine Schisandra chinensis or Schisandra sphenanthera. It has been demonstrated that SolB exerts hepatoprotective effects against drug-induced liver injury and promotes liver regeneration. It was found that SolB can induce hepatomegaly but the involved mechanisms remain unknown. PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the mechanisms involved in SolB-induced hepatomegaly. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were injected intraperitoneally with SolB (100 mg/kg) for 5 days. Serum and liver samples were collected for biochemical and histological analyses. The mechanisms of SolB were investigated by qRT-PCR and western blot analyses, luciferase reporter gene assays and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: SolB significantly increased hepatocyte size and proliferation, and then promoted liver enlargement without liver injury and inflammation. SolB transactivated human PXR, activated PXR in mice and upregulated hepatic expression of its downstream proteins, such as CYP3A11, CYP2B10 and UGT1A1. SolB also significantly enhanced nuclear translocation of PXR and YAP in human cell lines. YAP signal pathway was activated by SolB in mice. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrated that SolB can significantly induce liver enlargement, which is associated with the activation of PXR and YAP pathways.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Ciclo-Octanos/toxicidade , Dioxóis/toxicidade , Hepatomegalia/induzido quimicamente , Lignanas/toxicidade , Receptor de Pregnano X/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Hepatomegalia/metabolismo , Hepatomegalia/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor de Pregnano X/genética , Schisandra/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
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