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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344652

RESUMO

Patients with rapidly progressing periodontitis may require extractions of teeth with poor periodontal prognosis. Although replacement with a dental implant is a popular choice, teeth autotransplantation remains a viable option. Herein, we report a case of a 23-year-old patient with rapidly progressing periodontitis resulting in severe clinical attachment loss on the left maxillary first molar, which required extraction. The tooth was replaced by tooth autotransplantation of the unerupted immature left mandibular third molar, which was delivered carefully without compromising the periodontal ligament. Cone beam computed tomography and three-dimensional printing of the third molar donor tooth significantly aided the tooth autotransplantation procedure. Recovery was uneventful. At the 1-year follow-up, healthy periodontal parameters and radiographic features were noted, and the autotransplanted tooth remained vital. This case showed that tooth autotransplantation is a viable option for replacing tooth loss due to rapidly progressing periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Dente , Adulto , Humanos , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodontite/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771742

RESUMO

The resultant anemia in hemoglobinopathies like thalassemia can lead to expansion of the bone marrow cavities due to compensatory hyperplasia. This article reports a case of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the left maxillary alveolus in a patient with ß-Thalassemia intermedia. The area affected presented as areas of osteosclerosis on the radiographic examination and sequestrectomy of the left maxillary alveolus was performed after consultation with his hematologist. The exact pathogenesis for the osteonecrosis is unclear. One possible postulation for the cause of osteonecrosis in our case could be that the alveolar bone suffered ischemic infarction secondary to occlusion of the microvasculature within the expanded cancellous bone.

3.
Surgeon ; 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712102

RESUMO

Ameloblastomas are benign but locally invasive neoplasms which may grow to massive proportions and cause significant morbidity. Although some types of ameloblastoma can be treated predictably with aggressive surgical treatment, recurrent ameloblastoma and metastasising ameloblastoma are still difficult to treat. Recent studies have identified recurrent somatic and activating mutations in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and sonic hedgehog (SHH) signalling pathways in ameloblastoma. This development provided a possibility that molecular targeted therapies can be used as neoadjuvant treatment. In this review, we provide a summary of the latest WHO classification of ameloblastoma, the current understanding of genetic mutations and novel molecular targeted therapies arising from the recent developments.

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