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1.
Curr Microbiol ; 79(6): 181, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508788

RESUMO

Vibrio fluvialis is a marine opportunistic pathogen that frequently causes diseases in aquatic animals and humans. V. fluvialis can produce quorum sensing signaling molecules to coordinate cell density-dependent behavioral changes, including N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL), which acts as a vital mediator of virulence-associated gene expression. Currently, several AHL molecules in V. fluvialis have been detected via biological and physicochemical methods, although different detection approaches have generated diverse AHL profiles. Here, we describe the AHL-producing bacterium, V. fluvialis BJ-1, which was isolated from marine sediments from the East China Sea. V. fluvialis BJ-1 could stimulate AHL-mediated ß-galactosidase synthesis of the biosensor Agrobacterium tumefaciens NTL4 (pZLR4) but could not induce violacein production in the AHL reporter strain, Chromobacterium violaceum CV026. This bacterial isolate exhibited strong AHL-producing activity at low cell density; however, the AHL activity declined when population density remained at high levels. Analysis of the AHLs by Ultra-High-Performance Liquid Chromatography tandem Mass Spectrometry demonstrated that V. fluvialis BJ-1 produced five different AHL signaling molecules, including two linear chain AHL products (C8- and C10-HSL), and three ß-carbon-oxidative AHL products (3-O-C8-, 3-O-C10- and 3-O-C12-HSL). Significantly, the present study is the first to accurately define the AHL profile of marine V. fluvialis. In future, the coupling of UHPLC to ESI-MS/MS is expected to be utilized for the accurate determination of AHL profiles in marine Vibrio.


Assuntos
Acil-Butirolactonas , Vibrio , 4-Butirolactona/metabolismo , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Homosserina/metabolismo , Lactonas/metabolismo , Percepção de Quorum , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Vibrio/genética , Vibrio/metabolismo
2.
Food Chem ; 386: 132838, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509171

RESUMO

A novel method for benzo(α)pyrene (Bαp) enrichment from an oil matrix was developed by using magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@dopamine/graphene oxide, Fe3O4@DA/GO) as extraction absorbents, and the chemical properties of the synthesized nanoparticles were characterized. Various parameters were investigated to optimize the extraction of Bαp from oils. Under optimal conditions (pH, 4; extraction time, 0.5 min; elution solvent, 1 mL; absorbent weight, 20 mg; elution time, 0.5 min), these nanoparticles showed excellent abilities to enrich Bαp from the saponified oil solution and were easily separated by a magnet. High-performance liquid chromatography plus fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) was then applied to determine the Bαp content with excellent linearity (R2 = 0.999). The detection limit was 0.13 µg/kg, while the limit of quantification was 0.42 µg/kg. The spiked recoveries of Bαp in oils ranged from 73.5% to 121%. Compared with previous reports, the proposed method displayed many advantages, including a high efficiency of oil matrix removal, short extraction time, and convenient extraction procedure.


Assuntos
Benzo(a)pireno , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Magnetismo , Óleos , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos
3.
Brief Bioinform ; 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long reads of the third-generation sequencing significantly benefit the quality of the de novo genome assembly. However, its relatively high single-base error rate has been criticized. Currently, sequencing accuracy and throughput continue to improve, and many advanced tools are constantly emerging. PacBio HiFi sequencing and Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) PromethION are two up-to-date platforms with low error rates and ultralong high-throughput reads. Therefore, it is urgently needed to select the appropriate sequencing platforms, depths and genome assembly tools for high-quality genomes in the era of explosive data production. METHODS: We performed 455 (7 assemblers with 4 polishing pipelines or without polishing on 13 subsets with different depths) and 88 (4 assemblers with or without polishing on 11 subsets with different depths) de novo assemblies of Yeast S288C on high-coverage ONT and HiFi datasets, respectively. The assembly quality was evaluated by Quality Assessment Tool (QUAST), Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Orthologs (BUSCO) and the newly proposed Comprehensive_score (C_score). In addition, we applied four preferable pipelines to assemble the genome of nonreference yeast strains. RESULTS: The assembler plays an essential role in genome construction, especially for low-depth datasets. For ONT datasets, Flye is superior to other tools through C_score evaluation. Polishing by Pilon and Medaka improve accuracy and continuity of the preassemblies, respectively, and their combination pipeline worked well in most quality metrics. For HiFi datasets, Flye and NextDenovo performed better than other tools, and polishing is also necessary. Enough data depth is required for high-quality genome construction by ONT (>80X) and HiFi (>20X) datasets.

4.
Sci Adv ; 8(18): eabm3468, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522743

RESUMO

Ocean memory, the persistence of ocean conditions, is a major source of predictability in the climate system beyond weather time scales. We show that ocean memory, as measured by the year-to-year persistence of sea surface temperature anomalies, is projected to steadily decline in the coming decades over much of the globe. This global decline in ocean memory is predominantly driven by shoaling of the upper-ocean mixed layer depth in response to global surface warming, while thermodynamic and dynamic feedbacks can contribute substantially regionally. As the mixed layer depth shoals, stochastic forcing becomes more effective in driving sea surface temperature anomalies, increasing high-frequency noise at the expense of persistent signals. Reduced ocean memory results in shorter lead times of skillful persistence-based predictions of sea surface thermal conditions, which may present previously unknown challenges for predicting climate extremes and managing marine biological resources under climate change.

5.
Data Brief ; 42: 108232, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535148

RESUMO

The dataset describes factors affecting international students' acceptance of Online Distance Learning (ODL) mode while pursuing oversea education during COVID-19 pandemic. The recruited respondents comprised of international students who were pursuing undergraduate degree programmes in the institutions of higher learning (IHLs) in Malaysia. Respondents were invited to participate in an online survey via Google Forms. A purposive sampling technique was adopted in this research whereby a total of 207 valid questionnaires were obtained and used for data analysis. Data outputs such as respondents' profile, Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling, and importance-performance matrix analysis were presented. The data can be used as a reference source to identify areas of improvement by educators, academic management, and policy makers of IHLs.

6.
Asian J Androl ; 24(3): 260-265, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35532568

RESUMO

Obtaining high-quality embryos is one of the key factors to improve the clinical pregnancy rate of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). So far, the clinical evaluation of embryo quality depends on embryo morphology. However, the clinical pregnancy rate is still low. Therefore, new indicators are needed to further improve the evaluation of embryo quality. Several studies have shown that the decrease of sperm-specific protein actin-like 7A (ACTL7A) leaded to low fertilization rate, poor embryo development, and even infertility. The aim of this study was to study whether the different expression levels of ACTL7A on sperm can be used as a biomarker for predicting embryo quality. In this study, excluding the factors of severe female infertility, a total of 281 sperm samples were collected to compare the ACTL7A expression levels of sperms with high and low effective embryo rates and analyze the correlation between protein levels and in-vitro fertilization (IVF) laboratory outcomes. Our results indicated that the ACTL7A levels were significantly reduced in sperm samples presenting poor embryo quality. Furthermore, the protein levels showed a significant correlation with fertilization outcomes of ART. ACTL7A has the potential to be a biomarker for predicting success rate of fertilization and effective embryo and the possibility of embryo arrest. In conclusion, sperm-specific protein ACTL7A has a strong correlation with IVF laboratory outcomes and plays important roles in fertilization and embryo development.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Fertilização , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Espermatozoides/metabolismo
7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504419

RESUMO

A novel acidic polysaccharide named SSPA50-1 was isolated from Scapharca subcrenata using a simulated gastric fluid extraction method. SSPA50-1 is a heteropolysaccharide with an average molecular weight of 44.7 kDa that is composed of galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, mannose, ribose, rhamnose, fucose, xylose and arabinose at a molar ratio of 1.00:5.40:9.04:3.10:1.59:4.01:2.10:2.21:2.28. The structural characterization based on the methylation and 1D/2D NMR analyses indicated that SSPA50-1 is composed of →3)-ß-L-Rhap-(1→,→3)-ß-L-2-O-Me-Fucp-(1→, →2)-α-D-Xylp-(1→, →5)-α-L-Araf-(1→, →3)-ß-D-Galp-(1→, →6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, →3,4)-ß-D-Manp-(1→, →3,4)-ß-D-Galp-(1→, ß-D-Ribf-(1→, α-D-Glcp-(1→, and α-D-GalAp6Me-(1→. Furthermore, SSPA50-1 possessed potent immunoregulatory activity by enhancing the phagocytosis and NO, iNOS, TNF-α and IL-6 secretion capacity of RAW 264.7 cells. Otherwise, SSPA50-1 significantly promoted the proliferation of splenic lymphocytes and RAW264.7 macrophages. These results indicated that SSPA50-1 could be developed as a potential ingredient for immunostimulatory agents.

8.
Mol Ther ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524408

RESUMO

Translational reprogramming is part of the unfolded protein response (UPR) during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, which acts to the advantage of cancer growth and development in different stress conditions. But the mechanism of ER stress-related translational reprogramming in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) progression remains unclear. Here, we identified that Krüppel-Like Factor 16 (KLF16) can promote CRC progression and stress tolerance through translational reprogramming. The expression of KLF16 was upregulated in CRC tissues and associated with poor prognosis for CRC patients. We found that ER stress inducers can recruit KLF16 to the nucleolus and increase its interaction with two essential proteins for nucleolar homeostasis, nucleophosmin1 (NPM1) and fibrillarin (FBL). Moreover, knockdown of KLF16 can dysregulate nucleolar homeostasis in CRC cells. Translation-reporter system and polysome profiling assays further showed that KLF16 can effectively promote cap-independent translation of ATF4, which can enhance ER-phagy and proliferation of CRC cells. Overall, our study unveils a previously unrecognized role for KLF16 as an ER stress regulator through mediating translational reprogramming to enhance stress tolerance of CRC cells and provides a potential therapeutic vulnerability.

9.
Ann Acad Med Singap ; 51(4): 228-235, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506406

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In a subset of adults with non-rapid eye movement (NREM) parasomnias, clinical variants might be violent in nature and can potentially result in unintentional but considerable harm. As such, there is substantial interest on the forensic ramifications of these sleep behaviours. METHODS: This review examined the diagnostic criteria for parasomnias established in the context of international classification systems; medicolegal case reports; legal frameworks; and court cases in and outside of Singapore, to provide an overview of the implications of NREM parasomnias. RESULTS: Violent or injurious behaviours that occurred in the context of somnambulism, otherwise known as sleepwalking, have challenged traditional legal theories of criminal culpability. Yet little has changed in the application of sleep science to criminal responsibility. In Singapore, the defence of somnambulism has hitherto not been directly raised. Nonetheless, sleep medicine practitioners may increasingly be requested to render their opinions on legal issues pertaining to violent or injurious behaviours allegedly arising during sleep. Although the understanding of NREM parasomnias has improved, there is still a dearth of evidence to support both medical and legal decisions in this area. CONCLUSION: NREM parasomnias come with disquieting legal and forensic implications for adjudicating criminal responsibility. There is a need to critically examine legal perspectives on behaviours occurring during sleep. More reliable empirical studies investigating the pathophysiology of NREM parasomnias can offer clearer diagnostic guidelines and address complex behaviours of NREM that often come with medicolegal implications.


Assuntos
Parassonias , Sonambulismo , Adulto , Humanos , Parassonias/diagnóstico , Singapura , Sono/fisiologia , Sonambulismo/diagnóstico
10.
Front Oncol ; 12: 871827, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574321

RESUMO

Background: The paramount issue regarding multiple lung cancer (MLC) is whether it represents multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC) or intrapulmonary metastasis (IPM), as this directly affects both accurate staging and subsequent clinical management. As a classic method, histology has been widely utilized in clinical practice. However, studies examining the clinical value of histology in MLC have yielded inconsistent results; thus, this remains to be evaluated. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to assess the differential diagnostic value of histology in MPLC and IPM and to provide evidence-based medicine for clinical work. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched to collect relevant literature according to PRISMA, and inclusion and exclusion criteria were set up to screen and assess the literature. The data required for reconstructing a 2 × 2 contingency table were extracted directly or calculated indirectly from the included studies, and statistical analysis was carried out by using Stata 15, Meta-DiSc 1.4, and Review Manager 5.4 software. Results: A total of 34 studies including 1,075 pairs of tumors were included in this meta-analysis. Among these studies, 11 were about the M-M standard and the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.78 (95% CI: 0.71-0.84) and 0.47 (95% CI: 0.38-0.55), respectively; 20 studies were about CHA and the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.76 (95% CI: 0.72-0.80) and 0.74 (95% CI: 0.68-0.79), respectively; and 3 studies were about the "CHA & Lepidic" criteria and the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.96 (95% CI: 0.85-0.99) and 0.47 (95% CI: 0.21-0.73), respectively. The combined pooled sensitivity, specificity, PLR, NLR, DOR, and the area under the SROC curve of the 34 studies were 0.80 (95% CI: 0.73-0.86), 0.64 (95% CI: 0.51-0.76), 2.25 (95% CI: 1.59-3.17), 0.31 (95% CI: 0.23-0.43), 7.22 (95% CI: 4.06-12.81), and 0.81 (95% CI: 0.77-0.84), respectively. Conclusion: The current evidence indicated that histology had a moderate differential diagnostic value between MPLC and IPM. Among the three subgroups, the "CHA & Lepidic" criteria showed the highest sensitivity and CHA showed the highest specificity. Further research is necessary to validate these findings and to improve clinical credibility. Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO, identifier CRD42022298180.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 863588, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559243

RESUMO

Treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) is a prevalent clinical problem with heterogeneous presentations. However, the clinical trial designs for new treatments are still lacking. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of ziprasidone plus sertraline in TRS patients as compared to ziprasidone monotherapy. We conducted a 24 weeks, randomized, controlled, double-blinded clinical research trial. 62 treatment-resistant patients with acute exacerbation SZ were randomly allocated to receive a usual dose of ziprasidone (120-160 mg/d) monotherapy (Control group) and 53 TRS inpatients were to receive a low dose of ziprasidone (60-80 mg/d) in combination with sertraline (ZS group). Treatment outcomes were measured by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), CGI-Severity (CGI-S) and Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP) at baseline, week 4, 8, 12, and 24. Relative to control group, the patients in ZS group showed greater reductions in the following: PANSS positive symptom, negative symptom, total score, and HAMD total score. Additionally, the patients in ZS group had a greater increase in PSP total score. Notably, the reduction in HAMD was positively correlated with the reduction in PANSS total score. The reduction in CGI-S was a predictor for the improvement of psychosocial functioning in patients. Furthermore, the ZS group had a lower rate of side effects compared to the control group. Our findings suggest that a low dose of ziprasidone in combination with sertraline is an effective therapy for the clinical symptoms as compared to a usual dose of ziprasidone in the treatment-resistant patients with acute exacerbation SZ. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT04076371.

12.
Opt Lett ; 47(10): 2446-2449, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561372

RESUMO

Terahertz (THz) absorption spectroscopy is a powerful tool for molecular label-free fingerprinting, but it faces a formidable hurdle in enhancing the broadband spectral signals in trace-amount analysis. In this paper, we propose a sensing method based on the geometry scanning of metal metasurfaces with spoof surface polarization sharp resonances by numerical simulation. This scheme shows a significant absorption enhancement factor of about 200 times in an ultra-wide terahertz band to enable the explicit identification of various analytes, such as a trace-amount thin lactose film samples. The proposed method provides a new, to the best of our knowledge, choice for the enhancement of wide terahertz absorption spectra, and paves the way for the detection of trace-amount chemical, organic, or biomedical materials in the terahertz regime.

14.
J Oncol ; 2022: 1515416, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528239

RESUMO

Globally, the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) increases each year, with an unhealthy diet representing one of the major pathogenic risk factors for CRC. Cholesterol is a vital dietary ingredient required to maintain the normal function of the body; however, disturbances in cholesterol levels have been discovered to exert a significant role in tumorigenesis. The present study is aimed at investigating the role of cholesterol in the occurrence of CRC. Briefly, CRC model mice were established through an intraperitoneal injection of azoxyemethane (AOM) and were subsequently either fed a normal diet (ND), high-fat diet (HFD), or high-fat high-cholesterol diet (HFHC). Furthermore, in vitro experiments were performed following the treatment of SW480 and HCT116 cells with cholesterol, and the cell viability and colony formation rate of CRC cells were analyzed. The findings identified that cholesterol levels were increased in CRC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. In contrast, the serum levels of cholesterol were decreased in patients with CRC compared with the healthy controls; however, no significant differences were observed in the cholesterol levels between stage I + II and stage III + IV patients with CRC. Notably, CRC model mice fed with an HFD or HFHC recorded a larger body weight compared with those mice fed a ND; however, no significant differences were reported in the number of tumors formed in each group. Furthermore, the tumor size in the HFHC group was discovered to be increased compared with the ND and HFD groups, and HGD and the pathological morphology were the most pronounced in the HFHC group. Moreover, mice in the HFHC group presented the highest ratio of Ki-67-positive staining and the lowest ratio of TUNEL-positive staining compared with those in the two other groups. Cholesterol treatment also increased the cell viability and clonality of SW480 and HCT116 cells. In addition, the protein expression levels of phosphorylated-AKT were upregulated in cholesterol-induced CRC cells and tissues, whereas the treatment with BAY80-6946 attenuated the cholesterol-induced increases in the cell viability, colony formation ability, and tumor size. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggested that cholesterol may stimulate the progression of CRC by activating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway; however, cholesterol may not affect the number of tumors formed in CRC. In addition, cholesterol was discovered to mainly affect the advanced stages of CRC rather than the early stages.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529935

RESUMO

Red raspberry contains a variety of bioactive ingredients and has high edible and medicinal value. Red raspberry extractions (RREs) have strong antioxidant capacity and anticancer ability in vivo and in vitro. This study was to explore the specific mechanism of RREs inhibiting the proliferation of liver cancer HepG2 cells and provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of liver cancer by RREs. HepG2 cells were cultured in vitro, and MTT assay was adopted to detect the effect of RREs on HepG2 cell activity. Colony formation assay was applied to detect the growth and proliferation of cells, cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, and dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay was adopted to detect the effect of RREs on the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells. The effect of RREs on cell mitochondrial membrane potential was evaluated by mitochondrial membrane potential assay kit with JC-1 (JC-1 assay), and western blot was used to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins (B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated x (Bax), and Caspase-3), thus investigating the effect of RREs on the molecular mechanism of HepG2 cell apoptosis. The results showed that RREs could inhibit the proliferation activity of HepG2 cells and promote their apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. The level of ROS in HepG2 cells interfered by RREs increased markedly, while the cell mitochondrial membrane potential decreased sharply. As the concentration of HepG2 increased, the mitochondrial membrane potential reduced steeply. Western blot results showed that the expression of apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2 in the RREs treatment group dropped, but the expression of Bax and Caspase-3 rose. In summary, RREs could inhibit the proliferation of liver cancer HepG2 cells and promote their apoptosis. This inhibition might be executed by inducing HepG2 cells to produce ROS, a decrease in Bcl-2/Bax protein ratio, and an obvious reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential.

16.
Nutr Health ; : 2601060221099782, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522261

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the eating behaviours of people especially fruits and vegetable intake. No study has addressed the fruits and vegetables intake during the COVID-19 in Malaysia. Aim: to assess the daily intake of fruits and vegetables among Malaysian adults during the COVID-19 outbreak, perceived changes in intake, as well as factors associated with the changes in intake. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through online platforms and a total of 506 participants were recruited. Semi food-frequency questionnaires were used to assess participants' fruit and vegetable intake. Socio-demographics information, knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of fruits and vegetables were collected. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS. Results: The majority of participants (99.8%) did not achieve the recommended five servings per day, in which they consumed an average of 0.84 servings of fruits and vegetables per day. 46.4% of participants reported no changes in intake compared to before the outbreak. Fruits and vegetables intake was associated with physical activity level, knowledge, and beliefs of foods that may prevent/cure COVID-19. Binary logistic regression identified two significant risk factors of daily fruits and vegetables intake namely, being a non-Chinese (AOR = 1.905, 95% CI = 1.114-3.257) and having good practices scores (AOR = 2.543, 95% CI = 1.611-4.015). Conclusion: The study found a low daily intake of fruits and vegetables. The findings suggested that nutritional interventions are necessary to improve awareness on consuming more fruits and vegetables to improve overall health.

17.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(4): e226407, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389498

RESUMO

Importance: Evidence on the timing of fetal growth alterations associated with gestational diabetes or on the association of the maternal glycemic trajectory with fetal growth during pregnancy remains lacking. Objective: To examine the associations between maternal glucose levels and offspring intrauterine growth. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study used data from 4574 eligible pregnant women and their offspring in the Shanghai Maternal-Child Pairs Cohort collected from April 10, 2016, to April 30, 2018. Group-based trajectory modeling was used to classify fasting plasma glucose levels during pregnancy into 3 glycemic trajectories (trajectory 1, consistently normal glucose levels in all 3 trimesters; trajectory 2, hyperglycemia only in late pregnancy; and trajectory 3, hyperglycemia in all 3 trimesters [ie, consistently high glucose levels]). Statistical analysis was performed from April 25, 2020, to October 1, 2021. Exposures: Gestational diabetes, which was defined using the results of an oral glucose tolerance test. Main Outcomes and Measures: Longitudinal fetal biometrics during gestational weeks 11 to 40 and birth outcomes were obtained from medical records. Pregnancy was partitioned into 3 periods (<24, 24-34, and >34 weeks' gestational age). The differences in offspring growth (log-transformed) and maternal glucose levels were compared using generalized linear mixed models. Results: A total of 4121 pregnant women had oral glucose tolerance test results (mean [SD] age, 28.8 [4.1] years), 3746 of whom had glycemic trajectory data (mean [SD] age, 28.6 [4.1] years); 983 women (23.8%) had gestational diabetes. Throughout the pregnancy period and compared with the women without gestational diabetes or with women in the trajectory 1 group, the fetal biometrics for the women with gestational diabetes or for those in the trajectory 3 group were significantly higher (except for biparietal diameter), with an estimated increase in fetal weight in the group with gestational diabetes (ß = 1.82; 95% CI, 1.03-2.61) and in the trajectory 3 group (ß = 1.50; 95% CI, 0.54-2.47; P = .002). Fetal biometric alterations among women with gestational diabetes appeared before 24 weeks' gestational age, with neonatal birth weight significantly higher than in the group without gestational diabetes at 40.4 g (95% CI, 9.8-71.1 g) along with an increased risk of large size for gestational age (odds ratio, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.05-1.75) and macrosomia (odds ratio, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.12-1.94). However, pregnant women in the trajectory 2 group manifested significantly reduced fetal biometrics, and abdominal circumference was significantly augmented after 34 weeks' gestational age (increase, ß = 1.92; 95% CI, 0.87-2.99). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, pregnant women who received a diagnosis of gestational diabetes in midpregnancy or had hyperglycemia during all 3 trimesters showed an association with altered fetal growth patterns, including increased estimated fetal weight that appeared before 24 weeks' gestational age, increased birth weight, and the risk for large size for gestational age and macrosomia.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Hiperglicemia , Adulto , Biometria , Peso ao Nascer , Glicemia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Macrossomia Fetal/epidemiologia , Macrossomia Fetal/etiologia , Peso Fetal , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Ganho de Peso
18.
Front Immunol ; 13: 869050, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450076

RESUMO

Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a common complication associated with liver surgery, and macrophages play an important role in hepatic IRI. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analog primarily used to treat type 2 diabetes and obesity, regulates intracellular calcium homeostasis and protects the cardiomyocytes from injury; however, its role in hepatic IRI is not yet fully understood. This study aimed to investigate whether liraglutide can protect the liver from IRI and determine the possible underlying mechanisms. Our results showed that liraglutide pretreatment significantly alleviated the liver damage caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), as evidenced by H&E staining, serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and TUNEL staining. Furthermore, the levels of inflammatory cytokines elicited by I/R were distinctly suppressed by liraglutide pretreatment, accompanied by significant reduction in TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 levels. Furthermore, pretreatment with liraglutide markedly inhibited macrophage type I (M1) polarization during hepatic IRI, as revealed by the significant reduction in CD68+ levels in Kupffer cells (KCs) detected via flow cytometry. However, the protective effects of liraglutide on hepatic IRI were partly diminished in GLP-1 receptor-knockout (GLP-1R-/-) mice. Furthermore, in an in vitro study, we assessed the role of liraglutide in macrophage polarization by examining the expression profiles of M1 in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) from GLP-1R-/- and C57BL/6J mice. Consistent with the results of the in vivo study, liraglutide treatment attenuated the LPS-induced M1 polarization and reduced the expression of M1 markers. However, the inhibitory effect of liraglutide on LPS-induced M1 polarization was largely abolished in BMDMs from GLP-1R-/- mice. Collectively, our study indicates that liraglutide can ameliorate hepatic IRI by inhibiting macrophage polarization towards an inflammatory phenotype via GLP-1R. Its protective effect against liver IRI suggests that liraglutide may serve as a potential drug for the clinical treatment of liver IRI.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Liraglutida/farmacologia , Liraglutida/uso terapêutico , Fígado/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo
19.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(4)2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428664

RESUMO

Congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries (ccTGA) is a rare congenital heart disease, and little literature is available that describes its anaesthetic management. We present the perioperative management of a patient with complex, cyanotic ccTGA who underwent electrophysiological study with catheter ablation under general anaesthesia. Good understanding of the patient's complex cardiac anatomy and physiology and multidisciplinary communication are vital to facilitate the successful care of the patient.


Assuntos
Anestésicos , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos , Artérias , Transposição Congênita Corrigida de Grandes Artérias , Humanos , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/complicações , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia
20.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 820837, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386673

RESUMO

Soil salinity is one of the main factors limiting agricultural development worldwide and has an adverse effect on plant growth and yield. To date, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are considered to be one of the most promising eco-friendly strategies for improving saline soils. The bacterium Bacillus megaterium ZS-3 is an excellent PGPR strain that induces growth promotion as well as biotic stress resistance and tolerance to abiotic stress in a broad range of host plants. In this study, the potential mechanisms of protection against salinity stress by B. megaterium ZS-3 in Arabidopsis thaliana were explored. Regulation by ZS-3 improved growth in A. thaliana under severe saline conditions. The results showed that ZS-3 treatment significantly increased the biomass, chlorophyll content and carotenoid content of A. thaliana. Compared to the control, the leaf area and total fresh weight of plants inoculated with ZS-3 increased by 245% and 271%, respectively; the chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and carotenoid contents increased by 335%, 146%, and 372%, respectively, under salt stress. Physiological and biochemical tests showed that ZS-3 regulated the content of osmotic substances in plants under salt stress. Compared to the control, the soluble sugar content of the ZS-3-treated group was significantly increased by 288%, while the proline content was significantly reduced by 41.43%. Quantification of Na+ and K+ contents showed that ZS-3 treatment significantly reduced Na+ accumulation and increased the K+/Na+ ratio in plants. ZS-3 also isolated Na+ in vesicles by upregulating NHX1 and AVP1 expression while limiting Na+ uptake by downregulating HKT1, which protected against Na+ toxicity. Higher levels of peroxidase and catalase activity and reduced glutathione were detected in plants inoculated with ZS-3 compared to those in uninoculated plants. In addition, it was revealed that ZS-3 activates salicylic acid (NPR1 and PR1) and jasmonic acid/ethylene (AOS, LOX2, PDF1.2, and ERF1) signaling pathways to induce systemic tolerance, thereby inducing salt tolerance in plants. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that ZS-3 has the potential to act as an environmentally friendly salt tolerance inducer that can promote plant growth in salt-stressed environments.

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