Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.227
Filtrar
1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(2): 1097-1100, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577066

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the value of inflammatory factors procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the early diagnosis and evaluation of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 140 patients with pneumonia in our hospital, including 70 who had COVID-19 and 70 who had community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), were statistically analyzed. The levels of PCT, IL-6, and CRP were measured and statistically analyzed to determine the differences between the two groups. The differences in the COVID-19 group were analyzed after subgrouping into the ordinary type, severe type, and critical type. RESULTS: The PCT and CRP levels in the COVID-19 group were statistically lower than those in the CAP group (p < 0.05), but IL-6 was not statistically different between the two groups (p > 0.05). Statistically significant differences existed in IL-6 and CRP when comparing the COVID-19 subgroups of the critical type, severe type, and ordinary type (p < 0.05). However, there was no clinical meaning in the evaluation of the difference in PCT levels among the three subgroups with COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: PCT and CRP could be used as indicators in the differentiation between COVID-19 and CAP, but IL-6 was of little significance in the differentiation. The higher the IL-6 and CRP, the more severe the condition of COVID-19 might be.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , /diagnóstico , Interleucina-6/sangue , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/sangue , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Pneumonia/sangue , Pneumonia/diagnóstico
2.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(2): 200-209, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624592

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular mechanism of Fuxinfang for improving injury of human aortic endothelial progenitor cells (HAECs). OBJECTIVE: Serum samples were collected from male SD rats treated with Fuxinfang (n=8) or saline (n= 5). HAECs cultured in normoxia or hypoxic condition (2% O2) were treated with serum from normal rats or with diluted serum (1% and 10%) from rats treated with Fuxinfang. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between Fuxinfang-treated and control cells were detected using high-throughput sequencing to screen the target DEGs that participated in arterial endothelial cell injury and underwent changes in response to both hypoxia and Fuxinfang treatment. AmiGo and String databases were used to infer the interactions among the target genes, and the expressions of the genes were analyzed in HAECs with different treatments using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting. OBJECTIVE: HAECs cultured in hypoxia did not show obvious changes in cell morphology or expressions of hypoxia-related factors in response to treatment with 1% or 10% serum from Fuxinfang-treated rats. The results of high-throughput sequencing showed a total of 7134 DEGs (4205 up-regulated and 2929 down-regulated genes) in HAECs in hypoxia model group and 762 DEGs (305 upregulated and 457 down-regulated genes) in Fuxinfang-treated HAECs. Analysis of AmiGo and String databases and the constructed protein-protein interaction network identified c-Fos, NR4A1, and p38MAPK as the target genes. The results of ELISA and Western blotting showed that the expressions of c-Fos, NR4A1, p38MAPK and pp38MAPK increased significantly in cells with hypoxic exposure (P < 0.05); treatment with the serum containing Fuxinfang significantly reduced the expression levels of c-Fos, NR4A1 and p-p38MAPK in hypoxic HAECs in a concentration-dependent manner (P < 0.05). OBJECTIVE: The serum from Fuxinfang-treated rats can concentration-dependently inhibit the expressions of the DEGs occurring in hypoxia. Fuxinfang improves hypoxic injuries of HAECs possibly by down-regulating the expression of c-Fos to inhibit NR4A1 expression and suppressing hypoxia-induced p38 phosphorylation.


Assuntos
Aorta , Células Endoteliais , Animais , Humanos , Hipóxia , Membro 1 do Grupo A da Subfamília 4 de Receptores Nucleares , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 110-113, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455141

RESUMO

Colleges and universities are the cradle for public health talents training. Under the epidemic situation, the new requirements for the construction of public health service system and the promotion of population health, urged us to rethink how to reform the training of public health talents in colleges and universities. This research focused on key problems of the construction and distribution, scale, orientation, and contents of training for various public health talents in colleges and universities. It was suggested to reinforce the balanced development of public health in colleges and universities in various areas in China, to refine interdisciplinary training, to intensively cultivate technical and research-oriented talents, to expand talents within and outside the colleges and universities, as well as to introduce and cultivate public health teachers simultaneously, so as to better play the role of colleges and universities in the training of the public health talents.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Universidades , China , Currículo , Humanos , Saúde Pública/educação , Estados Unidos
5.
Osteoporos Int ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404757

RESUMO

In this meta-analysis, we analyzed 9 cross-sectional studies for an association between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and bone mineral density (BMD) in children. We found that BMD Z-scores were significantly reduced in children with T1DM. INTRODUCTION: Recent cross-sectional studies have examined how T1DM influences bone health in children and adolescents, but the relationship between T1DM and BMD remains unclear due to conflicting reports. METHODS: In this meta-analysis, we systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane library, and Web of Science databases (for publications through March 12, 2020), and calculated weight mean difference (WMD) along with 95% confidence intervals (CI) using a random-effects model. Heterogeneity was evaluated using the I2 method. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess the quality of the included studies. RESULTS: Data were analyzed from 9 eligible studies, including a total of 1522 children and adolescents. These data were tested for an association between T1DM and BMD. This analysis found a significant decrease in BMD Z-score in the whole body (pooled WMD, - 0.47, 95% CI, - 0.92 to - 0.02, I2 = 80.2%) and lumbar spine (pooled WMD, - 0.41, 95% CI, - 0.69 to - 0.12, I2 = 80.3%) in children and adolescents with T1DM, which was consistent in published studies from Asia and South America, but inconsistent in the North America and Europe. Importantly, the differences in BMD Z-scores were independent of age, level of glucose control (HbA1c), and prepubertal stage. Sensitivity analyses did not modify these findings. Funnel plot and the Egger test did not reveal significant publication bias. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that T1DM may play a role in decreasing BMD Z-scores in the whole body and lumbar spine in children.

6.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(1): 20-26, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396999

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in children with acute respiratory failure. Methods: A prospective study was conducted. A total of 153 patients aged from 1 to 14 years with acute respiratory failure were enrolled, who were admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Shanghai Children's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019. HFNC success was defined as no need for invasive mechanical ventilation and successfully withdrawn from HFNC, while HFNC failure was defined as need for invasive mechanical ventilation. HFNC at a flow rate of 2 L/(kg·min) (maximum ≤ 60 L/min) with inhaled oxygen concentration (FiO2) between 0.30 and 1.00 was applied to maintain percutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO2) of 0.94-0.97. Parameters including arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery (PaCO2), SpO2 and PaO2/FiO2 were collected before and during the application of HFNC at 1 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h, as well as over 48 h after HFNC withdrawn. Comparison between the groups was performed by student t test, Mann-Whitney U test or chi-square test. The sensitivity and specificity of the above parameters in predicting HFNC success were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: A total of 153 children (70 males and 83 females) were enrolled. Among them, 131 (85.6%) cases were successfully weaned off from HFNC and 22 (14.4%) failed. The duration of HFNC was 57 (38, 95) hours in the successful group, and the PaO2/FiO2 before HFNC application and after HFNC was withdrawn were 187 (170, 212) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and 280 (262, 292) mmHg, respectively. The duration of HFNC in the failure group was 19 (9, 49) hours, and the PaO2/FiO2 before HFNC application and after HFNC withdrawn were 176 (171, 189) mmHg and 159 (156, 161) mmHg, respectively. The values of PaO2/FiO2 were significantly higher in the successful group than those in the failed group at using HFNC initially 1 h (196 (182, 211) vs. 174 (160, 178) mmHg, Z =-5.105, P<0.01), 6 h (213 (203, 220) vs. 168 (157, 170) mmHg, Z =-6.772, P<0.01), 12 h (226 (180, 261) vs. 165 (161, 170) mmHg, Z =-4.308, P<0.01), 24 h (229 (195, 259) vs. 165 (161, 170) mmHg, Z=-4.609, P<0.01) and 48 h (249 (216, 273) vs. 163 (158, 169) mmHg, Z =-4.628, P<0.01) after the HFNC application, and over 48 h after HFNC was withdrawn (277 (268, 283) vs. 157 (154, 158) mmHg, Z=-3.512, P<0.01). Moreover, the PaO2 levels were significantly higher in the successful group than those in the failed group using HFNC initially at 1 h (73.7 (71.0, 76.7) vs. 70.0 (66.2, 71.2) mmHg, Z=-4.587, P<0.01) and 6 h (79.0 (75.0, 82.0) vs. 71.0 (62.0, 72.0) mmHg, Z=-5.954, P<0.01) after HFNC application. Also, the SpO2 levels showed the same differences at 1 h (0.96 (0.95, 0.96) vs. 0.94 (0.92, 0.94), Z =-4.812, P<0.01) and 6 h (0.96 (0.95, 0.97) vs. 0.94(0.91, 0.95), Z=-5.024, P<0.01) after HFNC application. Forty eight hours after HFNC was withdrawn, the PaO2 (88.0 (81.7, 95.0) vs. 63.7 (63.3, 66.0) mmHg, Z =-3.032, P<0.01) and SpO2 (0.96 (0.94, 0.98) vs. 0.91 (0.90, 0.92), Z=-3.957, P<0.01) were also significantly higher in the successful group. Regarding the HFNC complications, there was one case with atelectasis and one with pneumothorax in the failure group. HFNC was used as sequential oxygen therapy after extubation in 79 children, successful in all. ROC curve showed that the area under curve of PaO2/FiO2 in predicting HFNC success was 0.990, and the optimal cut-off value was 232 mmHg with the 95%CI of 0.970-1.000 (P<0.01). Conclusions: HFNC could be used as a respiratory support strategy for children with mild to moderate respiratory failure and as a sequential oxygen therapy after extubation. The PaO2/FiO2 when HFNC withdrow is the optimal index to evaluate the success of HFNC application.


Assuntos
Oxigênio , Insuficiência Respiratória , Adolescente , Idoso , Cânula , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Oxigenoterapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(1): 104-107, 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472321

RESUMO

Hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the stomach is a rare type of gastric cancer. Compared to the common gastric adenocarcinoma, the tumor markers, imaging manifestation, histopathological features, immunophenotype, treatment and prognosis of HAS are distinct. It has characteristics of gastric adenocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma at the same time, which leads to the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. The purpose of this paper is to analysis the characteristics of HAS from the above aspects, improve the diagnosis rate, reduce mortality rate and prolong the survival period of HAS patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , alfa-Fetoproteínas
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(1): 24-34, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506889

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Polymer materials with shock-absorbing ability may offer better stress distribution with short dental implants (SDI). The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of abutment and crown materials on the stress distributions in short implant-prosthesis-complex (6 mm) and standard implant-prosthesis-complex (10 mm) using 3D finite element analysis (FEA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two FEA models were designed to simulated single implant restoration of mandibular first molar, one each for short implant (6 mm) (Group S) and standard implant (10 mm) (Group C). In each group, two abutment materials were used, Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and Zirconia (Zr), with two types of crowns, PEEK and Polymer-infiltrated ceramic-network (PICN). A vertical force of 200 N was applied to each central fossa. Stress distribution was evaluated via the von Mises stress analysis. RESULTS: Using the PEEK abutment, the stress was better dispersed with PEEK crowns, as compared to PICN crowns. The stress was concentrated on the platforms of Ti-bases and the head and middle part of abutment screws. In zirconia abutment, the stress was greatly concentrated on the axial angle regions when placed with the PEEK crowns, while the stress was dispersed when placed with PICN crowns. The stress was concentrated on the connector regions of Ti-bases and the middle part of abutment screws. For implants, the stress was concentrated on the neck of the two implants, regardless of crown materials and abutment materials. The PEEK materials were found to be suitable for the hybrid-retained prostheses of SDI. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that the PEEK material is more suitable for the hybrid restorations of SDI. If the Zr abutment is used, the PICN crown would be better. Further, in-vivo clinical trials comparing these materials are needed to strengthen evidence.

9.
J Dairy Sci ; 104(2): 1351-1363, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33309364

RESUMO

During the thermal processing of milk, Maillard reactions occur between proteins and lactose to generate glycated proteins. In this study, a lactose-glycated caseinate was hydrolyzed by trypsin. The obtained glycated caseinate (GCN) hydrolysate had a lactose content of 10.8 g/kg of protein. We identified its glycation sites and then assessed it for its protective effect against lipopolysaccharide-induced barrier injury using a rat intestinal epithelial cell line (IEC-6 cells) as a cell model and unglycated caseinate (CN) hydrolysate as a reference. Results from our liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of the GCN hydrolysate verified that lactose glycation occurred at the Lys residues in 3 casein components (αS1-casein, ß-casein, and κ-casein), and this resulted in the formation of 5 peptides with the following amino acid sequences: EMPFPKYPKYPVEPF, HIQKEDVPSE, GSENSEKTTMPL, NQDKTEIPT, and EGIHAQQKEPM. The results from cell experiments showed that the 2 hydrolysates could promote cell growth and decrease lactate dehydrogenase release in the lipopolysaccharide-injured cells; more importantly, they could partially protect the damaged barrier function of the cells by increasing trans-epithelial electrical resistance, decreasing epithelial permeability, and upregulating the expression of the 3 tight junction proteins zonula occludens-1, occludin, and claudin-1. However, compared with CN hydrolysate, GCN hydrolysate showed lower efficacy in protecting against cellular barrier dysfunction. We propose that the different chemical characteristics of the CN hydrolysate and the GCN hydrolysate (i.e., amino acid loss and lactose conjugation) contributed to the lower barrier-protective efficacy of the GCN hydrolysate. During dairy processing, protein glycation of the Maillard type might have a non-negligible, unfavorable effect on dairy proteins, in view of the resulting protein glycation we found and the critical function of proteins for maintaining the integrity of the intestinal barrier.

10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(10): 1633-1642, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297619

RESUMO

Objective: To update the disease burden of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Chinese population by integrating the latest multi-source evidences. Methods: Groups of data from GLOBOCAN, series of Chinese Cancer Registry Annual Report (annual report), Cancer Incidence in Five Continents (CI5), Global Burden of Disease Project 2017 (GBD), China Death Cause Surveillance Datasets and China Health Statistical Yearbooks (yearbook) were used to extract the information. Data on incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life year (DALY) and percentage distribution of sub-location of CRC were used to analyze the latest disease burden in China, and age-standardized rates by world standard population were mainly used. Joinpoint Trend Analysis Software 4.7.0.0 was applied for time trend analysis. Data related to the economic burden of CRC in China were gathered by literature review. Results: (1) Current status: according to the latest annual report, the incidence and mortality rates of CRC were 17.1 per 100 000 and 7.9 per 100 000, respectively among the covered registration sites in 2015. The incidence ratios of male to female and that of urban to rural were 1.5 and 1.4, with the mortality ratios were 1.6 and 1.4, respectively. Similar to data from the annual report, the mortality rate was reported as 6.9 per 100 000 in 2017 by the surveillance data sets. Data from the GBD project showed that, the DALYs caused by CRC in China in 2017 was 4.254 million person years (doubled compared with that of 1990), accounting for 22.4% of the global burden of CRC. (2) Time trends: according to the annual reports, from 2009 to 2015, the incidence rate and mortality rate of CRC in China decreased by 10.2% and 9.5%, respectively. The same trend was also observed in urban sites, but was opposite in rural areas (increased 20.0% in incidence and 15.2% in mortality). Results from the Joinpoint analysis showed that the averaged annual percentage change (AAPC) was estimated as -1.6% (P<0.05) in the national mortality rate. Similarly, in the incidence and mortality rates of urban sites appeared as AAPC=-1.5% and -1.4% (all P<0.05), but inversely in the incidence rate from the rural sites as AAPC=3.3% (P<0.05). The yearbook data showed a 9.8% increase in urban and 20.6% increase in rural on the mortality in 2017 when compared with 2004, but the Joinpoint analysis showed no statistical significance (P<0.05). (3) Distribution of sub-location of CRC: the annual report showed that among all the new CRC cases in China in 2015, colon, rectal and anal cancer accounted for 49.6%, 49.2% and 1.2%, respectively, while the proportions were 51.3%, 47.6% and 1.1%, respectively in 2009. The proportion of colon cancer was continuously higher in the urban (>52%) than that in the rural areas (<44%). The CI5 Ⅺ data showed that ascending and sigmoid colons were more commonly seen among all the colon cancers. (4) Economic burden: the average annual growth rate of the medical expenditure per CRC patient in China ranged from 6.9% to 9.2%, and the 1-year out-of-pocket expenditure of a newly diagnosed patient accounted for about 60% of their previous-year household income. Conclusions: In China, the overall disease burden of CRC might have been decreased slightly but generally remained stable in the last several years, however, the rising burden appeared in the rural areas should not be ignored. In consistent with findings from a previous review, men and people from the urban areas are considered the target populations for CRC. The finding of higher proportion of colon cancer in urban areas suggests the impact of development of socioeconomic and medical technologies on CRC development and detection. The economic burden of CRC continued to grow.

11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(10): 1655-1661, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297622

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the rates of acceptance of colonoscopy, fecal immunochemical test (FIT), or a novel risk-adapted screening approach in the colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program. Related risk factors were also studied. Methods: The study has been based on an ongoing randomized controlled trial on colorectal cancer screening programs in six centers of research since May 2018. The involved participants were those who presented at the baseline screening phase. All the participants were randomly allocated into one of the following three intervention arms in a 1∶2∶2 ratio: colonoscopy group, FIT group, and a novel risk-adapted screening group. All the participants underwent risk assessment on CRC by an established risk score system. The subjects with high-risk were recommended to undertake the colonoscopy while the low-risk ones were receiving the FIT. Detailed epidemiological data was collected through questionnaires and clinical examinations. Rates of participation and compliance in all three groups were calculated. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to explore the potential associated factors related to the acceptance of screening. Results: There were 19 546 eligible participants involved in the study, including 3 916 in the colonoscopy group, 7 854 in the FIT group, and 7 776 in the novel risk-adapted screening group, respectively. Among the 19 546 participants, the mean age was 60.5 years (SD=6.5), and 8 154 (41.7%) were males. The rates of participation in the colonoscopy, FIT and the novel risk-adapted screening groups were 42.5%, 94.0% and 85.2%, respectively. In the novel risk-adapted screening group, the participation rate was 49.2% for the high-risk participants who need to undertake colonoscopy and was 94.0% for the low-risk ones who need to undertake FIT. Results from the multivariate logistic regression models demonstrated that there were several factors associated with the rates of participation in CRC screening, including age, background of education, history of smoking cigarettes, previous history of bowel examination, chronic inflammatory bowel disease and family history of CRC among the 1(st)-degree relatives. Conclusions: FIT and the novel risk-adapted screening approach showed superior participation rates to the colonoscopy. Further efforts including health promotion campaign for specific target population are needed to improve the engagement which ensures the effectiveness of CRC screening programs.

12.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(11): 1824-1830, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297646

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the relationship between frailty status and the risk of death in the elderly based on the frailty index (FI). Methods: Data from a prospective cohort study conducted between 2005 and 2015 in elderly people of an urban community in Beijing were analyzed. The variables related to health and frailty status based on the 2005 baseline survey and death as outcome variables collected in 2015 were used. A FI model was used to evaluate the correlation between FI and mortality in the elderly people in different age groups was analyzed. Cox regression was applied to evaluate the influence of FI on the risk of death, and Kaplan-Meier curves was used to show the survival rate of different frailty levels in the elderly adults. Results: Of the 1 301 elderly people included in the analysis, 403 died during 2005-2015, with the 10-year mortality rate of 31.0%(403/1 301). The mortality rate of the elderly increased with the increase of FI, but, with the increase of FI value, the rate of mortality increased slowly. The limit value of FI causing death was around 0.70, indicating any new health problem might cause death at this value. Cox regression analysis showed that higher FI was associated with higher risk for death (HR=1.143, 95%CI: 1.034-1.248, P=0.000), and FI was more significantly associated with death than age (HR=1.143 vs. HR=1.048, t=5.827, P=0.000). With the increase of age, the effect of frailty on the risk of death decreased (HR=1.179 to HR=1.120). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the survival rate of the elderly in all age groups decreased with the increase of frailty (Log-rank=317.812, 354.203, 247.258, all P=0.000). The survival time between different frailty levels in the elderly were significantly different, except for the elderly adults aged ≥80 years with severe frailty level (0.4≤FI<0.5, FI≥0.5, P=0.368). Conclusions: Compared with other evaluation tools of frailty, FI model can better reflect the frailty status of the elderly in communities in Beijing and has a high sensitivity in predicting adverse outcomes such as mortality. In the intervention of frailty in the elderly, focusing on relatively young elderly might be more effective in reducing the adverse outcomes caused by frailty.

13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(11): 1848-1858, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297650

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the disease burden of liver cancer in China. Methods: Based on eight data sources, including the series of Chinese Cancer Registry Annual Report, three national death cause surveys in China, China Health Statistical Yearbook, China Death Cause Surveillance Datasets, GLOBOCAN, Cancer Incidence in Five Continents (CI5), WHO Mortality Database and the Global Burden of Disease (GBD), the information on incidence, mortality and disability-adjusted life year (DALY) of liver cancer, were extracted for the analysis on the past, current and future disease burden caused by liver cancer in China. Results: 1) Past situation: The long-term data from 1973 to 2012 reported by the CI5 showed that in urban populations in China (taking Shanghai as an example), the incidence rate of liver cancer in males and females decreased by 41.3% and 36.3%, respectively, and that in rural areas (taking Qidong as an example) decreased by 32.3% and 12.2%, respectively. The Chinese Cancer Registry Annual Reports showed that the national incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer decreased by 8.1% and 12.8% respectively from 2005 to 2015. The Joinpoint analysis based on the data from the China Health Statistics Yearbook also showed a declining trend: the average annual percentage change of liver cancer mortality in China from 2002 to 2017 was -3.0% (P<0.05), and that in rural areas was -3.1% (P<0.05). 2) Current status: GLOBOCAN estimates that the rates of incidence, mortality and prevalence of liver cancer in China in 2018 were 18.3 per 100 000, 17.1 per 100 000 and 10.8 per 100 000, respectively. According to the latest annual report, the incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer in cancer registration areas in 2015 were 17.6 per 100 000 and 15.3 per 100 000, respectively, and both increased with age. The mortality rate was similar to that reported in 2017 (16.7 per 100 000) by the China Death Cause Surveillance Datasets, and the male to female ratio of live cancer deaths was estimated as 3.1. The GBD 2017 reports that the DALYs caused by liver cancer in China reached 11 153.0 thousand in 2017 (accounting for 53.7% of the global DALYs) and hepatitis B virus infection was always the leading cause. 3) Prediction: The GLOBOCAN 2018 predicts that, by 2040, the number of liver cancer cases and deaths in China would reach 591 000 and 572 000 (with an increase of 50.5% and 54.9%, respectively, compared with those in 2018), with a more significant increase in people over 70 years old. 4) Economic burden: According to the literature review of economic burden data on liver cancer, the direct medical expenditure per patient with liver cancer generally showed a rising trend. Conclusions: Multiple data sources indicate that the incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer in populations in China decreased in the past decades, indicating the effect of population interventions. However, the population-level disease burden are still substantial, and comprehensive intervention strategies need to be continually strengthened and optimized, especially the primary and secondary prevention.

14.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(12): 1776-1779, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355835

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal tumors are uncommonly found outside the gastrointestinal tract, and extremely rare in the vaginal wall. In this case report, a 39-year-old female, she was finally diagnosed with an extra gastrointestinal stromal tumor (EGIST) when she presented with a recurrent vaginal tumor, while misdiagnosed after the first surgery. She had definitive surgical clearance and was taking targeted drug therapy with no sign of recurrence after follow-up for 13 months. Immunohistochemistry and cytogenetic's remain the most definitive method to diagnose EGISTs. Surgical resection and postoperative adjuvant targeted therapy are the optimum treatment options.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Vagina/cirurgia
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(12): 2104-2111, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378824

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of quantitative fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) and to provide reference for designing effective colorectal cancer (CRC) screening strategy in China. Methods: Based on an ongoing randomized controlled trial comparing the colorectal cancer screening strategies, this current study involved 3 407 participants aged 50-74 years who had undergone colonoscopies. All the feces samples were collected from the participants prior to receiving the colonoscopy. Fecal hemoglobin (Hb) was tested by FIT following a standardized operation process. Diagnosis-related indicators of FIT were calculated using the colonoscopy results as the gold standard. Results: Among the 3 407 participants, the mean age (SD) as 60.5 (6.3) years and 1 753 (51.5%) were males. The participants involved 28 (0.8%) CRCs, 255 (7.5%) advanced adenomas, 677 (19.9%) nonadvanced adenomas, and 2 447 (71.8%) benign or negative findings. With an overall positivity rate of 2.8% (96/3 407) at the recommended cutoff value of 20 µg Hb/g, the sensitivities of FIT for both CRC and advanced adenoma were 57.1% (95%CI: 37.2%-75.5%) and 11.0% (95%CI: 7.4%-15.5%), respectively, with the corresponding specificity as 98.4% (95%CI: 97.8%-98.8%). At a decreased cut-off value of 5 µg Hb/g, the sensitivities for detecting CRC and advanced adenoma increased to 64.3% (95%CI: 44.1%-81.4%) and 16.5% (95%CI: 12.1%-21.6%), respectively, but the specificity reduced to 95.2% (95%CI: 94.4%-95.9%). The areas under the ROC curve for CRC and advanced adenoma were 0.908 (95%CI: 0.842-0.973) and 0.657 (95%CI: 0.621-0.692), respectively. Of the diagnostic performance, there were no significant differences noticed by different sex and age groups. Conclusions: In our study, the quantitative FIT showed modest sensitivity in detecting CRC but limited sensitivity in detecting advanced adenoma. In population-based CRC screening programs, the quantitative FIT had the advantage of adjusting the positive threshold based on the targeted detection rate and available resource load of colonoscopy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Sangue Oculto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(18): 180504, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33196217

RESUMO

We have implemented a Walsh-Hadamard gate, which performs a quantum Fourier transform, in a superconducting qutrit. The qutrit is encoded in the lowest three energy levels of a capacitively shunted flux device, operated at the optimal flux-symmetry point. We use an efficient decomposition of the Walsh-Hadamard gate into two unitaries, generated by off-diagonal and diagonal Hamiltonians, respectively. The gate implementation utilizes simultaneous driving of all three transitions between the three pairs of energy levels of the qutrit, one of which is implemented with a two-photon process. The gate has a duration of 35 ns and an average fidelity over a representative set of states, including preparation and tomography errors, of 99.2%, characterized with quantum-state tomography. Compensation of ac-Stark and Bloch-Siegert shifts is essential for reaching high gate fidelities.

17.
BJOG ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine early and late pregnancy loss in women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing IVF/ICSI transfers. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Reproductive medicine centre at a tertiary hospital. POPULATION: We studied women with a positive ß-human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-hCG) after in vitro fertilisation/intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment from May 2014 to April 2019. METHODS: Odds ratios (OR) for early (≤13 weeks) and late (>13 weeks) pregnancy loss were calculated among women with and without PCOS for plurality of the pregnancy with adjustment for confounding factors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Early pregnancy loss (EPL) and late pregnancy loss (LPL). RESULTS: From 21 820 women identified with a positive ß-hCG, 2357 (10.8%) women had PCOS, and 19 463 (89.2%) women did not. EPL occurred in 16.6% (391) of women with PCOS versus 18.3% (3565) in women with non-PCOS (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.79-0.99, P = 0.04). After adjustment for age and other confounders, the rate of EPL was not statistically significantly associated with PCOS status (adjusted OR [aOR] 0.91, 95% CI 0.80-1.05). Women with PCOS demonstrated a higher rate of LPL (6.4% in PCOS versus 3.6% in non-PCOS, OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.48-2.21, P < 0.001). In multivariable analysis, the potential impact of PCOS was less strong (aOR 1.38, 95% CI 0.96-1.98), with BMI and maternal comorbidities also associated with LPL (aOR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04-1.1 and aOR 2.07, 95% CI 1.43-3.00, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Polycystic ovary syndrome was not independently associated with EPL. There was an increased risk of LPL but this difference was not statistically significant. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Polycystic ovary syndrome women are at increased risk of late pregnancy loss, partly driven by elevated BMI and maternal comorbidities.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146005

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) KCNQ1 and opposite strand/antisense transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) have been validated to be carcinogenic in several cancers. However, the role of KCNQ1OT1 in regulating the malignant biological behavior and radiotherapy resistance of cervical cancer (CC) remains largely unknown. Quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was carried out to detect KCNQ1OT1 and miR-491-5p expression in CC tissues and cells. Pyruvate kinase M1/2 (PKM2) expression was detected by Western blot. CC cell proliferation, movement, migration and invasion were monitored by CCK-8, scratch healing and Transwell assay, respectively. The CC cell colony survival was detected by colony formation assay under different doses of radiation. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay, pull-down assay and RIP assay were employed to verify the targeting relationship between KCNQ1OT1, miR-491-5p and PKM2. In this study, KCNQ1OT1 was significantly up-regulated in CC patient cancerous tissues and cell lines, and its high expression was significantly related to tumor volume increase and poor differentiation. KCNQ1OT1 overexpression significantly promoted CC cell proliferation, metastasis and radioresistance. On the contrary, KCNQ1OT1 knockdown compared to the control group inhibited the above biological behavior of CC cells. The underlying mechanism suggested that KCNQ1OT1 promoted progression and radioresistance of CC by modulating the miR-491-5p/PKM2 axis. In conclusion, KCNQ1OT1 enhances CC cell progression through the miR-491-5p/PKM2 axis.

19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1207-1212, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147918

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the mediating effect of psychological capital (PsyCap) between occupational stress and suicidal ideation. Methods: In September 2017, stratified-cluster sampling method was adopted to select employees of an electronic manufacturing service industry as respondents for a questionnaire survey in Jiangsu province. The demographic characteristics of employees were collected. A total of 2 465 employees were investigated, and 2 216 valid questionnaires were collected. The level of occupational stress and PsyCap was assessed by the Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale(ERI)and PsyCap Questionnaire. Results: The age of 2 216 employees was (28.70±5.26) years old, including 1 230 males (55.5%). The scores of occupational stress on effort, reward and over-commitment were (3.08±0.63), (3.73±0.60) and (2.51±0.68), respectively. The average ERI index (ratio of effort to return) was (0.88±0.39). The total score of PsyCap was (86.62±15.23). The detection rate of suicidal ideation within two weeks was 13.9% (309/2 216). The average score of effort and over-commitment and the ERI index were positively correlated with the number of suicidal ideation detected within two weeks, with correlation coefficients about 0.081, 0.141 and 0.164, respectively. The average score of reward and total score of PsyCap were negatively correlated with the number of suicidal ideation detected within two weeks, with correlation coefficients about -0.206 and -0.228, respectively. The mediating effect results showed that PsyCap had mediating effect on the effort, reward, over-commitment and suicidal ideation of occupational stress respectively, with mediating effect values of -0.087 (95%CI: -0.018,-0.019), -0.299 (95%CI: -0.428,-0.200) and 0.096 (95%CI: 0.0394, -0.170). The mediating effect percentages were 9.43%, 17.92%, and 9.54%, respectively. Conclusion: PsyCap has a mediating effect between effort, reward, over-commitment of occupational stress and suicidal ideation.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Ideação Suicida , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Recompensa , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1261-1267, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147927

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a lung cancer risk prediction model for female non-smokers. Methods: Based on the Kailuan prospective dynamic cohort (2006.05-2015.12), a nested case-control study was conducted. Participants diagnosed with primary pathologically confirmed lung cancer during follow-up were identified as the case group, and others were identified as the control group. A total of 24 701 subjects were included in the study, including 86 lung cancer cases and 24 615 control population, respectively. Questionnaires, physical examinations, and laboratory tests were conducted to collect relevant information. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regressions were conducted to develop a lung cancer risk prediction model. Area Under the Curve (AUC) and Hosmer-Lemeshow tests were used to evaluate discrimination and calibration, respectively. Ten-fold cross-validation was used for internal validation. Results: Two sets of models were developed: the simple model (including age and monthly income) and the metabolic index model [including age, monthly income, fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)].The AUC (95%CI) [0.745 (0.719-0.771)] of the metabolic index model was higher than that of the simple prediction model [0.688 (0.660-0.716)] (P=0.004). Both the simple model (PHL=0.287) and the metabolic index model (PHL=0.134) were well-calibrated. The results of ten-fold cross-validation indicated sufficient stability, with an average AUC of 0.699 and a standard error (SD) of 0.010. Conclusion: By incorporating metabolic markers, accurate and reliable lung cancer risk prediction model for female non smokers could be developed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , não Fumantes , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA