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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113357, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891820

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Baitouweng (BTW) decoction, a Chinese traditional medicine prescription, has been used to treat ulcerative colitis (UC) over hundreds of years. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of BTW and intestinal flora of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced UC mice, and we investigated the mechanism of BTW in the preliminary treatment of UC. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of BTW in treating UC through molecular biology and high-throughput sequencing. METHODS: DSS-induced UC mice were established and randomly divided into the following four groups: control group, DSS group, BTW group and sulfasalazine (SASP) group. Except for the control group, 3% DSS drinking water was given to each group for 7 days, and the other two groups were intragastrically administered with BTW and SASP. Mice were sacrificed after gavage for 10 days. Body weight loss, disease activity index (DAI), colon length, colon histopathology and the expression of inflammatory cytokines were measured. Intestinal content samples were collected, and intestinal flora differences were analyzed by 16 S rDNA sequencing. RESULTS: BTW effectively reduced the symptoms and histopathological score of UC mice, and it reduced the production of IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α. Activation of the IL-6/STAT3 pathway was also suppressed by BTW treatment. Moreover, 16 S rDNA sequencing showed that the intestinal flora of mice in the DSS group was disordered compared to the control group. After treatment with BTW, the diversity of intestinal flora was significantly improved. At the phylum level, the proportion of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes was decreased, and the ratio of Proteobacteria was decreased. At the genus level, the relative abundance of Escherichia-Shigella was decreased, but that of Lactobacillus and Akkermansia were increased. CONCLUSION: BTW significantly improved the inflammatory symptoms of mice with acute colitis, and the latent mechanism of BTW may be related to various signaling pathways, including the modulation of intestinal microflora and inflammatory signaling pathways, such as IL-6/STAT3.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 2148706, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145342

RESUMO

Background: Endotoxin-associated acute kidney injury (AKI), a disease characterized by marked oxidative stress and inflammation disease, is a major cause of mortality in critically ill patients. Mitochondrial fission and pyroptosis often occur in AKI. However, the underlying biological pathways involved in endotoxin AKI remain poorly understood, especially those related to mitochondrial dynamics equilibrium disregulation and pyroptosis. Previous studies suggest that heme oxygenase- (HO-) 1 confers cytoprotection against AKI during endotoxic shock, and PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) takes part in mitochondrial dysfunction. Thus, in this study, we examine the roles of HO-1/PINK1 in maintaining the dynamic process of mitochondrial fusion/fission to inhibit pyroptosis and mitigate acute kidney injury in rats exposed to endotoxin. Methods: An endotoxin-associated AKI model induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used in our study. Wild-type (WT) rats and PINK1 knockout (PINK1KO) rats, respectively, were divided into four groups: the control, LPS, Znpp+LPS, and Hemin+LPS groups. Rats were sacrificed 6 h after intraperitoneal injecting LPS to assess renal function, oxidative stress, and inflammation by plasma. Mitochondrial dynamics, morphology, and pyroptosis were evaluated by histological examinations. Results: In the rats with LPS-induced endotoxemia, the expression of HO-1 and PINK1 were upregulated at both mRNA and protein levels. These rats also exhibited inflammatory response, oxidative stress, mitochondrial fission, pyroptosis, and decreased renal function. After upregulating HO-1 in normal rats, pyroptosis was inhibited; mitochondrial fission and inflammatory response to oxidative stress were decreased; and the renal function was improved. The effects were reversed by adding Znpp (a type of HO-1 inhibitor). Finally, after PINK1 knockout, there is no statistical difference in the LPS-treated group and Hemin or Znpp pretreated group. Conclusions: HO-1 inhibits inflammation response and oxidative stress and regulates mitochondria fusion/fission to inhibit pyroptosis, which can alleviate endotoxin-induced AKI by PINK1.

3.
Am J Chin Med ; : 1-16, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148005

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) decoction with different intervention timepoints in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. We retrospectively collected the medical records and evaluated the outcomes of COVID-19 patients that received TCM decoction treatment at different timepoints. A total of 234 COVID-19 patients were included in this study. Patients who received TCM decoction therapy within 3 days or 7 days after admission could achieve shorter hospitalization days and disease periods compared to those who received TCM decoction [Formula: see text] 7 days after admission (all [Formula: see text]). Patients who received TCM decoction therapy within 3 days had significantly fewer days to negative SARS-CoV-2 from nasopharyngeal/oral swab and days to negative SARS-CoV-2 from urine/stool/blood samples compared to those received TCM decoction [Formula: see text] days after admission (all [Formula: see text]). Patients who received TCM decoction therapy on the 3rd to 7th day after admission had a faster achievement of negative SARS-CoV-2 from urine/stool/blood samples compared to those who received TCM decoction [Formula: see text] days after admission ([Formula: see text]). Logistic models revealed that more days from TCM decoction to admission [Formula: see text] days might be a risk factor for long hospitalization days, disease period, and slower negative-conversion of SARS-CoV-2 (all [Formula: see text]). Conclusively, our results suggest that TCM decoction therapy should be considered at the early stage of COVID-19 patients.

4.
Small ; : e2004720, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155382

RESUMO

Recent progress in addressing electrically driven single-molecule behaviors has opened up a path toward the controllable fabrication of molecular devices. Herein, the selective fabrication of single-molecule junctions is achieved by employing the external electric field. For molecular junctions with methylthio (-SMe), thioacetate (-SAc), amine (-NH2 ), and pyridyl (-PY), the evolution of their formation probabilities along with the electric field is extracted from the plateau analysis of individual single-molecule break junction traces. With the increase of the electric field, the SMe-anchored molecules show a different trend in the formation probability compared to the other molecular junctions, which is consistent with the density functional theory calculations. Furthermore, switching from an SMe-anchored junction to an SAc-anchored junction is realized by altering the electric field in a mixed solution. The results in this work provide a new approach to the controllable fabrication and modulation of single-molecule junctions and other bottom-up nanodevices at molecular scales.

5.
Drug Discov Today ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197622

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has become an indispensable part of cancer treatment. A pivotal phagocytosis checkpoint, named cluster of differentiation 47 (CD47), which functions as 'don't eat me' signal to protect cells from phagocytosis upon interaction with signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRPα) on macrophages, has recently attracted much attention. Numerous antibodies targeting the CD47/SIRPα axis have shown encouraging efficacy in clinical trials. Meanwhile, studies on small-molecule inhibitors that interfere with CD47/SIRPα interaction or regulate CD47 expression are also in full swing. In this review, we summarize the small-molecule inhibitors interrupting the binding of CD47/SIRPα and regulating CD47 at the transcriptional, translational, and post-translational modification (PTM) levels. We provide perspectives and strategies for targeting the CD47/SIRPα phagocytosis checkpoint.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135882

RESUMO

Molecular assembly is crucial in functional molecular materials and devices. Among the molecular interactions that can form assemblies, stacking among π-conjugated molecular backbones plays an essential role in charge transport through organic materials and devices. The single-molecule junction technique allows for the application of an electric field of approximately 108 V/m to the nanoscale junctions and to investigate the electric field-induced assembly at the single-stacking level. Here, we demonstrate an electric field-induced stacking effect between two molecules using the scanning tunneling microscope break junction (STM-BJ) technique and we found an increase in the stacking probability with increasing intensity of the electric field. The combined density functional theory (DFT) calculations suggest that the molecules become more planar under the electric field, leading to the energetically preferred stacking configuration. Our study provides a new strategy for tuning molecular assembly by employing a strong electric field.

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 1693043, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204682

RESUMO

Purpose: Patients with a hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection frequently exhibit various neuropsychiatric complications such as cognitive decline. This study is aimed at investigating alterations in regional and network-level neural function in patients with HCV infection and examining the association between these alterations and patients' cognition dysfunction. Methods: The study included 17 patients with HCV infection and 17 healthy controls. These individuals had undergone resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging as well as cognitive assessment using a battery of tests that were collectively called the "psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES)" examination. Analyses of amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and seed-based functional connectivity (FC) were conducted to assess, respectively, regional neural function and functional integration. Results: HCV-infected patients performed significantly worse in cognitive tests. In the HCV group, ALFF decreased in Region 1 (left medial frontal gyrus and bilateral anterior cingulate gyrus) and Region 2 (right middle and superior frontal gyrus). The HCV group showed lower FC between Region 1 and right middle frontal gyrus, whereas they presented an increase in FC between Region 2 and the left supramarginal gyrus/superior temporal gyrus and right supramarginal gyrus. No significant correlation was observed between ALFF/FC measurements and PHES result. Conclusion: This preliminary study presents additional evidence that HCV infection affects brain function, including local intrinsic neural activity and global functional integration.

9.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-12, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043788

RESUMO

Skeletal muscle, a critical component of the mammalian body, is essential for normal body movement. miRNAs are well documented in gene post-transcription regulation in many biological processes, including muscle development and maintenance. miR-92b-3p, which is often associated with tumorigenesis, has never been explored in myoblast development. Here, we used murine-derived C2C12 myoblasts to explore the potential functions of miR-92b-3p in skeletal muscle development. Our results demonstrated that miR-92b-3p mimics inhibited C2C12 cell proliferation and migration, whereas miR-92b-3p inhibitor promoted C2C12 cell proliferation and migration. C2C12 cell differentiation was not affected by miR-92b-3p mimics, according to immunofluorescence and qPCR results. Serum- and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 3 (SGK3) was predicted and validated as a target of miR-92b-3p. Overexpression of SGK3 promoted C2C12 cell proliferation. SGK3 and miR-92b-3p formed a regulatory pathway to modulate C2C12 cell proliferation. In conclusion, miR-92b-3p inhibited C2C12 cell proliferation by targeting SGK3 and impeded C2C12 cell migration.

10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(42): 11595-11611, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040529

RESUMO

In recent years, red beetroot has received a growing interest due to its abundant source of bioactive compounds, particularly betalains. Red beetroot betalains have great potential as a functional food ingredient employed in the food and medical industry due to their diverse health-promoting effects. Betalains from red beetroot are natural pigments, which mainly include either yellow-orange betaxanthins or red-violet betacyanins. However, betalains are quite sensitive toward heat, pH, light, and oxygen, which leads to the poor stability during processing and storage. Therefore, it is necessary to comprehend the impacts of the processing approaches on betalains. In this review, the effective extraction and processing methods of betalains from red beetroot were emphatically reviewed. Furthermore, a variety of recently reported bioactivities of beetroot betalains were also summarized. The present work can provide a comprehensive review on both conventional and innovative extraction techniques, processing methods, and the stability of betalains.

11.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112986

RESUMO

Shading can effectively reduce photoinhibition and improve the quality of tea. Lignin is one of the most important secondary metabolites that play vital functions in plant growth and development. However, little is known about the relationship between shading and xylogenesis in tea plant. To investigate the effects of shading on lignin accumulation in tea plants, 'Longjing 43' was treated with no shading (S0), 40% (S1) and 80% (S2) shading treatments, respectively. The leaf area and lignin content of tea plant leaves decreased under shading treatments (especially S2). The anatomical characteristics showed that lignin is mainly distributed in the xylem of tea leaves. Promoter analysis indicated that the genes involved in lignin pathway contain several light recognition elements. The transcript abundances of 12 lignin-associated genes were altered under shading treatments. Correlation analysis indicated that most genes showed strong positive correlation with lignin content, and CsPAL, Cs4CL, CsF5H, and CsLAC exhibited significant positively correlation under 40% and 80% shading treatments. The results showed that shading may have an important effect on lignin accumulation in tea leaves. This work will potentially helpful to understand the regulation mechanism of lignin pathway under shading treatment, and provide reference for reducing lignin content and improving tea quality through shading treatment in field operation.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050113

RESUMO

In 2011, the Chinese government launched a disaster mitigation and preparedness program called the Resettlement of South Shaanxi (RSS). Due to the wide geographical scope and complex interests, the possibility of conflicts was increased during and after resettlement. Efficient risk communication improves the supply of information about risks and meets the risk-related information needs of individuals. Using the risk information seeking and processing (RISP) model, this research applied a structural equation model and survey with a structured questionnaire to study ways to improve risk communication in disaster resettlement. A total of 616 valid questionnaires were provided by study respondents in resettlement sites in Ziyang County, Ankang City, Shaanxi Province. The results indicated the following: (1) the public's information seeking behavior relies more on village committees and village officials than other channels. Emerging information channels, such as Weibo and WeChat (social media applications in China), do not play leading roles in disseminating risk information. (2) There are differences between the information channels used by residents and the channels that residents believe the most. (3) Relevant channel beliefs, information sufficiency, perceived hazard characteristics, and self-efficacy directly influence risk information seeking behavior. However, the capacity to gather information has non-significant direct influences on information seeking behavior. (4) Perceived hazard characteristics and self-efficacy drive risk information seeking behavior in both direct and indirect ways through information sufficiency.

13.
Eur J Radiol ; 132: 109324, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038576

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Neurocognitive impairment is a common complication in cirrhosis and is associated with alterations in static functional network connectivity (FNC) between distinct brain systems. However, accumulating evidence suggests temporal variability in FNC even at rest. This study aimed to explore dynamic FNC (dFNC) differences and to elucidate their association with neurocognitive changes in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: Fifty-four cirrhotic patients and 42 controls underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES) was used to assess neurocognitive function. Independent component analysis was performed to identify the components of seven intrinsic brain networks, including sensorimotor (SMN), auditory, visual, cognitive control (CCN), default mode (DMN), subcortical (SC), and cerebellar networks. Sliding window correlation approach was employed to calculate dFNC. FNC states were determined by k-means clustering method, and then functional state analysis was conducted to measure dynamic indices. RESULTS: The patients showed decreased dFNC in State 2, involving the connectivity between posterior subsystem of DMN and CCN (represented by bilateral insular cortex), and in State 3, involving the connectivity between SMN (represented by bilateral precentral gyrus) and SC (represented by bilateral putamen and caudate). The patients spent significantly longer time in State 4 that was with weakest FNC across all networks. We observed a significant correlation between PHES and fraction time/mean dwell time in State 4. CONCLUSIONS: Aberrant dFNC may be the underlying mechanism of neurocognitive impairments in cirrhosis. Dynamic FNC analysis may potentially be utilized in investigating cirrhosis-related neuropathological processes.

14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(8): 3581-3590, 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124331

RESUMO

A method for developing a high-resolution emission inventory for road vehicles based on traffic flow monitoring data is proposed in this study. The characteristics of road traffic flow were analyzed and a high-resolution emission inventory of vehicle in Chengdu was established. The results showed that the traffic flow and emissions in Chengdu exhibited an obvious "double peak" distribution, and that the traffic volume of vehicles during peak hours accounted for 39.85% of the total. China IV vehicles, small vehicles, and gasoline vehicles were the main types of road vehicles classified. The daily emissions of SO2, NOx, CO, PM10, PM2.5, BC, OC, and VOCs from road vehicles were 3.89, 162.08, 324.11, 4.79, 4.36, 1.89, 0.78, and 44.37 t, respectively. The overall spatial distribution showed a decreasing trend from the city center to the periphery, and the time distribution essentially presented a "double peak" distribution. The related indicators of particulate matter were greatly affected by the number of trucks. The main source of NOx, PM10, PM2.5, BC, and OC was large diesel vehicles, and the main source of CO was small gasoline vehicles. NOx emissions from large vehicles accounted for up to 80% of the total. The method based on registered vehicles led to an overestimation of the emissions from road vehicles in Chengdu, with a proportion between 1% and 30%.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Emissões de Veículos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Veículos Automotores , Emissões de Veículos/análise
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 266: 113421, 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022337

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Irinotecan (CPT-11) is a valuable chemotherapeutic compound, but its use is associated with severe diarrhea in some patients. The CPT-11 prodrug is converted into the active 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) metabolite, which can then be retained for extended periods in the intestine, leading to the onset of diarrhea and related symptoms. Banxia Xiexin Decoction (BXD) is commonly employed for the treatment of gastroenteritis in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and in clinical settings, it is used to prevent diarrhea in patients undergoing CPT-11 treatment. To date, however, there have been no studies specifically examining which components of BXD can alleviate the gastrointestinal symptoms associated with CPT-11 administration. AIM: This study aimed to identify the main herbal components of BXD associated with protection against CPT-11-induced intestinal toxicity in a murine model system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SN-38 levels were measured by UPLC-ESI-MS/MS in samples collected from mice subjected to CPT-11-induced diarrhea that had been administered BXD or different components thereof. Pearson correlation and Grey relational analyses were then used to explore spectrum-effect relationships between reductions in intestinal SN-38 levels and specific chemical fingerprints in samples from mice administered particular combinations of BXD component herbs. RESULTS: We found that different herbal combinations were associated with significant differences in intestinal SN-38 reductions in treated mice. Our spectrum-effect analysis revealed that BXD components including chrysin 6-C-arabinoside-8-C-glucoside, coptisine, hydroxyl oroxylin A 7-O-glucuronide (hydroxyl wogonoside), baicalin, an isomer of 5,6,7-trihydroxyl-flavanone-7-O-glucuronide, berberine, palmatine, and chrysin-7-O-glucuronide were all directly linked with reductions in intestinal SN-38 levels. We therefore speculate that these compounds are the primary bioactive components of BXD, suggesting that they offer protection against CPT-11-induced diarrhea. CONCLUSION: By utilizing UPLC to analyze SN-38 levels in mice treated with a variety of herbal combinations, we were able to effectively explore BXD spectrum-effect relationships and to thereby establish the components of this medicinal preparation that were bioactive and capable of preventing CPT-11-induced diarrhea in mice. This and similar spectrum-effect studies represent a robust means of exploring the mechanistic basis for the pharmacological activity of TCM preparations.

16.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 393-397, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of periodontal endoscope as an adjuvant therapy for the non-surgical periodontal treatment of patients with severe and generalized periodontitis. METHODS: Patients (n=13) were divided into three groups: patients treated with conventional subgingival scaling and root planing (SRP) (n=7, 408 sites) (group A), SRP using periodontal endoscope (n=4, 188 sites) (group B) or SRP with periodontal endoscope 3 months after initial SRP (n=2, 142 sites) (group C). Two subgroups were divided into 2 subgroups according to PD at the baseline: 46 mm as subgroup 2. Probing depth (PD), attachment loss (AL), gingival recession (GR) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded. RESULTS: The results of 3 months after treatment showed all PD, AL, and GR values in group A1 were less than those in group B1 (P<0.05), but no significant difference in BOP was found between the two groups. The decrease in PD, BOP in group B2 was more obvious than those in group A2 (P<0.000 1), and the GR values in group B2 were more than those in group A2 (P<0.000 1). But the improvement of AL showed no statistical difference between the two groups (P=0.296 8). In group C1, no significant difference in PD, AL, and GR was observed after endoscopy-assisted therapy, but it was more effective for BOP (P<0.000 1). In group C2, the improvement in PD and AL was significantly different from the improvement in SRP alone (P=0.000 5, P=0.000 2) and was accompanied by more GR (P=0.000 5). CONCLUSIONS: In non-surgical treatment of severe and generalized periodontitis, SRP can achieve good therapeutic effect on sites with 46 mm, the application of periodontal endoscopy can increase the effect, reducing PD and GR, which may be an effective supplement to the current non-surgical periodontal treatment.


Assuntos
Raspagem Dentária , Periodontite , Endoscópios , Seguimentos , Hemorragia Gengival , Humanos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal , Aplainamento Radicular , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Protoplasma ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929631

RESUMO

Tea plant, an economically important crop, is used in producing tea, which is a non-alcoholic beverage. Lignin, the second most abundant component of the cell wall, reduces the tenderness of tea leaves and affects tea quality. Caffeoyl-coenzyme A O-methyltransferase (CCoAOMT) involved in lignin biosynthesis affects the efficiency of lignin synthesis and lignin composition. A total of 10 CsCCoAOMTs were identified based on tea plant genome. Systematic analysis of CCoAOMTs was conducted for its physicochemical properties, phylogenetic relationships, conserved motifs, gene structure, and promoter cis-element prediction. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that all the CsCCoAOMT proteins can be categorized into three clades. The promoters of six CsCCoAOMT genes possessed lignin-specific cis-elements, indicating they are possibly essential for lignin biosynthesis. According to the distinct tempo-spatial expression profiles, five genes were substantially expressed in eight tested tissues. Most CsCCoAOMT genes were expressed in stems and leaves in three tea plant cultivars 'Longjing 43,' 'Anjibaicha,' and 'Fudingdabai' by RT-qPCR detection and analysis. The expression levels of two genes (CsCCoAOMT5 and CsCCoAOMT6) were higher than those of the other genes. The expression levels of most CsCCoAOMT genes in 'Longjing 43' were significantly higher than that those in 'Anjibaicha' and 'Fudingdabai.' Correlation analysis revealed that only the expression levels of CsCCoAOMT6 were positively correlated with lignin content in the leaves and stems. These results lay a foundation for the future exploration of the roles of CsCCoAOMTs in lignin biosynthesis in tea plant.

18.
Eur J Radiol ; 131: 109252, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949859

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To conduct the first investigation on thalamic metabolic alterations in minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) and elucidate their association with intrinsic neural activity change and cognitive dysfunction. METHODS: Thirty-eight cirrhotic patients [18 with MHE, 20 without MHE (NHE)] and 21 healthy controls (HC) were included, all of whom underwent 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), as well as cognitive assessment based on the Psychometric Hepatic Encephalopathy Score (PHES). Metabolite ratios in the thalamus were measured, including N-acetyl aspartate (NAA)/creatine (Cr), glutamate plus glutamine (Glx)/Cr, choline (Cho)/Cr, and myo-inositol (mI)/Cr. Intrinsic neural activity was evaluated based on frequency-specific amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) using fMRI signals. RESULTS: MHE patients showed an increase in Glx/Cr and a decrease in Cho/Cr and mI/Cr, compared with HC. These changes were aggravated from NHE to MHE. Cho/Cr and mI/Cr were positively correlated with regional ALFF derived from the frequency-specific band (0.01-0.027 Hz) and PHES. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that Cho/Cr and mI/Cr measurements exhibited moderate discrimination ability between NHE and MHE. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide evidence that MHE is associated with disturbed metabolism in the thalamus, which may contribute to the altered neural activity and underlie the mechanisms of cognitive impairments. MRS measurements in the thalamus could serve as the potential biomarker for diagnosing MHE among cirrhotic patients.

19.
Future Med Chem ; 12(18): 1633-1645, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892642

RESUMO

Background: Identification of novel Ure inhibitors with high potency has received considerable attention. Methodology & results: Ure inhibition was determined using the indophenol method, the affinities to Ure were estimated via surface plasmon resonance. Seventeen new plus ten known N-monosubstituted thiosemicarbazides were synthesized and identified as novel Ure inhibitors. Out of these compounds, compound b5 shows excellent activity against both crude Ure from Helicobacter pylori (IC50 = 0.04 µM) and Ure in living cell (IC50 = 0.27 µM), with the potency being over 600-fold higher than clinical used drug acetohyroxamic acid, respectively. Surface plasmon resonance demonstrated the high affinity (Kd.#x00A0;= 6.32 nM) of b5 to Ure. Conclusion: This work provides a class of novel and promising Ure inhibitors.

20.
Burns ; 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917474

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Even after reconstructive surgery, it is still difficult for patients with severe burns to achieve independent eating activity. In this project, we customized the forearm pronation's assistant tableware to assist in improvement with eating activities. METHODS: From January 2017 to December 2018, 28 patients with severe burns including the hands were recruited. For the patient's independent eating activities, we customized forearm pronation's tableware (forks and spoons). We compared modified Barthel index (MBI) and Visual analogue scale (VAS) of satisfaction under three conditions: no auxiliary tableware, ADL universal cuff, or forearm pronation tableware; to compare the duration and the weight of food spilled during lunch when the patients wore the ADL universal cuff or the forearm pronation's tableware. Differences in MBI (rank data) were tested by the Friedman test, differences in VAS (normal distribution) were tested with One-way ANOVA (Bonferroni), differences in the duration and the weight (normal distribution data) were tested by paired sample t test. RESULTS: After wearing the forearm pronation's assistant tableware, MBI VAS both increased more than when the patients did not wear the auxiliary tableware (all p<0.05). When the subjects wore forearm pronation tableware, the duration of lunch significantly decreased and the quality of eating activity significantly improved compared to the ADL universal cuff in eating activity (all p<0.05). CONCLUSION: After wearing the forearm pronation's assistant tableware, the patients with severe burns completely or almost completely accomplished independent eating, the duration was decreased, and during eating activity the quality and the satisfaction were improved. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical trial registry, ChiCTR1800019963.

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