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1.
BMC Nephrol ; 20(1): 339, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is a systemic autoimmune disease, and renal involvement is frequently present in MPA. MPA patients with renal involvement may have a worse prognosis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic factors associated with all-cause death and renal survival in MPA patients with renal involvement. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was performed. One hundred twenty-four patients newly diagnosed with MPA with renal involvement excluding end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who were hospitalized at the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2012 to July 2017 were included. All the survivors were followed up with until July 2018. The clinical and laboratory data at the time of the initial MPA diagnosis were collected, and the predictive values of the variables for mortality and renal outcome were analysed. RESULTS: Among the 124 patients, 52 were men (41.9%) and 72 were women (58.1%), and the age range was from 25 to 85 years (63.9±10.6 years). Seventy-six patients (61.3%) had pulmonary involvement. Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that age≥65 years (HR: 2.437; P=0.021), serum creatinine≥500 µmol/L (HR=2.207; P=0.009) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) (HR=2.366; P=0.013) were associated with mortality. Cox multivariate analysis identified that serum creatinine≥500 µmol/L (HR=8.236; P<0.001) and ILD (HR=2.649; P=0.001) were independent detrimental factors for renal survival, and immunosuppressive treatment was a protective factor for renal survival (HR=0.349; P=0.001). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the serum creatinine level at diagnosis was 0.705 for mortality and 0.870 for progression to ESRD or the doubling of serum creatinine. CONCLUSIONS: Age, serum creatinine level at diagnosis and ILD were independent predictors of mortality in MPA patients with renal involvement. Serum creatinine level at diagnosis, ILD and immunosuppressive treatment were independently related to renal survival.

2.
Opt Express ; 27(16): 23585-23592, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510633

RESUMO

A multi-direction bending sensor based on the 18-core photonic crystal fiber (PCF) is demonstrated in this paper. The design of the sensor is discussed theoretically and experimentally. The PCF serves as the laser gain medium and the sensing medium simultaneously in the fiber laser sensor. The operating wavelength of the proposed PCF laser sensor is about 1032.32 nm. A CMOS image capture system is used to acquire the distribution of supermodes in the PCF laser. Based on the normalized intensity distribution of supermodes, six directions can be measured. The sensor also shows the ability to measure bending radius within 0.11 m. Then, the thermal effects of the bending sensor have been analyzed and the sensing system shows a low temperature crosstalk.

3.
Adv Mater ; : e1903030, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408551

RESUMO

2D Ruddlesden-Popper perovskites (RPPs) have aroused growing attention in light harvesting and emission applications owing to their high environmental stability. Recently, coherent light emission of RPPs was reported, however mostly from inhomologous thin films that involve cascade intercompositional energy transfer. Lasing and fundamental understanding of intrinsic laser dynamics in homologous RPPs free from intercompositional energy transfer is still inadequate. Herein, the lasing and loss mechanisms of homologous 2D (BA)2 (MA)n -1 Pbn I3 n +1 RPP thin flakes mechanically exfoliated from the bulk crystal are reported. Multicolor lasing is achieved from the large-n RPPs (n ≥ 3) in the spectral range of 620-680 nm but not from small-n RPPs (n ≤ 2) even down to 78 K. With decreasing n, the lasing threshold increases significantly and the characteristic temperature decreases as 49, 25, and 20 K for n = 5, 4, and 3, respectively. The n-engineered lasing behaviors are attributed to the stronger Auger recombination and exciton-phonon interaction as a result of the enhanced quantum confinement in the smaller-n perovskites. These results not only advance the fundamental understanding of loss mechanisms in both inhomologous and homologous RPP lasers but also provide insights into developing low-threshold, substrate-free, and multicolor 2D semiconductor microlasers.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436948

RESUMO

Integrating metallic halide perovskites with established modern semiconductor technology is significant for promoting the development of application-level optoelectronic devices. To realize such devices, exploring the growth dynamics and interfacial carrier dynamics of perovskites deposited on the core materials of semiconductor technology is essential. Herein, we report the incommensurate heteroepitaxy of highly oriented single-crystal cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) on c-wurtzite GaN/sapphire substrates with atomically smooth surface and uniform rectangular shape by chemical vapor deposition. The CsPbBr3 microplatelet crystal exhibits green-colored lasing under room temperature and has a structural stability comparable with that grown on van der Waals mica substrates. Time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy studies show that the type-II CsPbBr3-GaN heterojunction effectively enhances the separation and extraction of free carriers inside CsPbBr3. These findings provide insights into the fabrication and application-level integrated optoelectronic devices of CsPbBr3 perovskites.

5.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 19(1): 129, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) to reduce perioperative blood loss and allogeneic blood transfusion in cardiac surgeries has been proved in previous studies, but its adverse effects especially seizure has always been a problem of concern. This meta-analysis aims to provide information on the optimal dosage and delivery method which is effective with the least adverse outcomes. METHODS: We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE and EMBASE for all relevant articles published before 2018/12/31. Inclusion criteria were adult patients undergoing elective heart surgeries, and only randomized control trials comparing TXA with placebo were considered. Two authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted relevant data. RESULTS: We included 49 studies with 10,591 patients into analysis. TXA significantly reduced transfusion rate (RR 0.71, 95% CI 0.65 to 0.78, P<0.00001). The overall transfusion rate was 35%(1573/4477) for patients using TXA and 49%(2190/4408) for patients in the control group. Peri-operative blood loss (MD - 246.98 ml, 95% CI - 287.89 to - 206.06 ml, P<0.00001) and re-operation rate (RR 0.62, 95% CI 0.49 to 0.79, P<0.0001) were also reduced significantly. TXA usage did not increase risk of mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, pulmonary embolism and renal dysfunction, but was associated with a significantly increase in seizure attack (RR 3.21, 95% CI 1.04 to 9.90, P = 0.04).The overall rate of seizure attack was 0.62%(21/3378) for patients using TXA and 0.15%(5/3406) for patients in the control group. In subgroup analysis, TXA was effective for both on-pump and off-pump surgeries. Topical application didn't reduce the need for transfusion requirement, while intravenous delivery no matter as bolus injection alone or bolus plus continuous infusion were effective. Intravenous high-dose TXA didn't further decrease transfusion rate compared with low-dose regimen, and increased the risk of seizure by 4.83 times. No patients in the low-dose group had seizure attack. CONCLUSIONS: TXA was effective in reducing transfusion requirement in all kinds of cardiac surgeries. Low-dose intravenous infusion was the most preferable delivery method which was as effective as high-dose regimen in reducing transfusion rate without increasing the risk of seizure.

6.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 5027-5035, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357864

RESUMO

Atomically thin transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) heterostructures have attracted increasing attention because of their unprecedented potential in the fields of electronics and optoelectronics. However, selective growth of either lateral or vertical TMDC heterostructures remains challenging. Here, we report that lateral and vertical MoS2/MoSe2 epitaxial heterostructures can be successfully fabricated via a one-step growth strategy, which includes triggering by the concentration of sulfur precursor vapor and a high-temperature annealing process. Vertically stacked MoS2/MoSe2 heterostructures can be synthesized via control of the nucleation and growth kinetics, which is induced by high sulfur vapor concentration. The high-temperature annealing process results in the formation of fractured MoSe2 and in situ epitaxial growth of lateral MoSe2-MoS2 heterostructures. This study has revealed the importance of sulfur vapor concentration and high-temperature annealing processes in the controllable growth of MoSe2-MoS2 heterostructures, paving a new route for fabricating two-dimensional TMDC heterostructures.

7.
Small ; 15(35): e1901364, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282127

RESUMO

Low threshold micro/nanolasers have attracted extensive attention for wide applications in high-density storage and optical communication. However, constrained by quantum efficiency and crystalline quality, conventional semiconductor small-sized lasers are still subjected to a high lasing threshold. In this work, a low-threshold planar laser based on high-quality single-crystalline hexagonal CdS nanoplatelets (NPLs) using a self-limited epitaxial growth method is demonstrated. The as-grown CdS NPLs show multiple whispering-gallery-mode lasing at room temperature with a threshold of ≈0.6 µJ cm-2 , which is the lowest value among reported CdS-based lasers. Through power-dependent lasing studies at 77 K, the lasing action is demonstrated to originate from a exciton-exciton scattering process. Furthermore, the edge length- and thickness-dependent lasing threshold studies reveal that the threshold is inversely proportional to the second power of lateral edge length while partially affected by vertical thickness, and the lasing modes can be sustained in NPLs as thin as 60 nm. The lowest threshold emerges with the thickness of ≈110 nm due to stronger energy confinement in the vertical Fabry-Pérot cavity. The results not only open up a new avenue to fabricate nonlayered material-based coherent light sources, but also advocate the promise of nonlayered semiconductor materials for the development of novel optoelectronic devices.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1729-1733, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342693

RESUMO

To establish a quality constant evaluation system of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces,in order to provide reference for regulating the market circulation of this decoction pieces. A total of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were collected from different pharmaceutical factories,and the morphological parameters of each sample were tested. The content of alisol B 23-acetate in Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was determined by HPLC in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the parameters such as quality constant and relative quality constant were calculated. The quality constant range of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was 0. 390-2. 076. If 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were divided into 3 grades,taking 80% of the maximum quality constant as first grade,50% to 80% as second grade,and the rest as third grade,then the quality constant of firstgrade samples was ≥1. 66,the quality constant of second-grade samples was ≥1. 04 and <1. 66,and the quality constant of third-grade samples was <1. 04. The established quality constant evaluation method is objective and feasible,which can be used to classify the grade of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces and provide a reference method to control the quality of this decoction pieces.


Assuntos
Alisma/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1734-1738, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342694

RESUMO

The specifications of Chinese herbal medicines naturally form and exist in the circulation and use of Chinese herbal medicines.Buyers and sellers negotiate price by quality. With the increasing demand for public health care,the cultivation,processing methods and circulation of Chinese herbal medicines have changed. Under the mode of pursuing output and short-term benefits,the traditional grade evaluation method has been difficult to apply to the current quality status of the pieces. Bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus is a genuine medicinal material in Jiangxi province. It is widely used,but the quality level of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus on the market is not uniform. Quality constant method was used in this paper for grading the Chinese herbal slices of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus. Sixteen batches of different quality samples were collected and tested,and finally,eleven qualified batches of them were chosen as researcher objects. The results showed that the relative quality constant ranged from 2. 52 to 5. 60. The relative quality constant was ≥4. 48 for first grade bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,2. 80-4. 48 for the second grade pieces,and <2. 80 for the third grade pieces. The grades evaluation method for bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus established in this paper included both appearance and index composition. The results were objective,accurate,quantitative,applicable,and the method was simple to operate and easy to popularize. This study showed that the quality constant method could be applied to the grade evaluation of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,providing a reference for the grade evaluation of fruit-type decoction pieces.


Assuntos
Citrus/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Frutas/química , Controle de Qualidade
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1739-1743, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342695

RESUMO

Grade of Chinese medicine slices is the most clear and most direct way to characterize the quality of Chinese medicine slices,also the basis of realizing " good quality and good prices",and it can guarantee the industry health development. Therefore,grade evaluation of Chinese medicine slices( GECMS) is highly valued and has grown rapidly in the industry. In recent years,due to the comprehensive and measureable features,the Chinese medicine quality constant evaluation method has been gradually recognized and applied.The paper is to establish a method of grades evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle( GRRPCM) based on the Chinese medicine quality constant. 20 batches of samples were collected from Chinese herbal slices enterprises and 14 batches of qualified samples were selected to determine their external morphological indexes and inner quality indexes,then their Chinese medicine quality constants were calculated and the grades were determined. The results revealed that the relative quality constant of these samples ranged from 0. 70 to 14. 08,with a percentage quality constant from 4. 95 to 100. 00. If these samples were divided into three grades: the relative quality constant shall be ≥11. 27 or percentage quality constant ≥80. 03 for the first grade; the relative quality constant shall be <11. 27 but ≥7. 04,or percentage quality constant <80. 03 and ≥49. 99 for the second grade; while for the third grade,the relative quality constant shall be <7. 04 or the percentage quality constant <49. 99. This research indicates that Chinese quality constant can be used to objectively grade the herbal slices,providing reference for grades standard development of complex processing slices. In addition,the connotation of GECMS that has evaluate the mass discrepancy is discussed for expanding application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Glycyrrhiza/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas/química , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1744-1749, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342696

RESUMO

The quality constant evaluation method was applied in the grade evaluation of Scrophulariae Radix pieces. Nineteen batches of Scrophulariae Radix were measured for the appearance index. Harpagide and harpagoside were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standard and the modern quality control index were combined to calculate the quality constant and grade Scrophulariae Radix pieces. The results showed that the quality constants ranged between 156. 75 and 491. 65; according to the percentage mass constants,more than 80% were graded as first-class pieces,50%-80% were graded as second-class pieces,and the rest were graded as third-class pieces. The quality constants of first-class Scrophulariae Radix were >393. 32,that of second-class Scrophulariae Radix was between 245. 83 and 393. 32,and that of third-class Scrophulariae Radix was < 245. 83. The study shows that this method can objectively,reasonably and effectively classify Scrophulariae Radix pieces,and further promote and apply the evaluation method of slice model quality constant to prove the rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Scrophularia/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Controle de Qualidade
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1750-1754, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342697

RESUMO

The grade of Gastrodia elata pieces is evaluated by quality constant evaluation method.Fifteen batches of G. elata pieces collected were measured for their appearance and morphological indexes. The contents of gastrodin,p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol,barrisoside A,B and E were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standards were combined with modern quality control indicators,and the quality constants were calculated to grade the pieces.The results showed that the quality constants of 15 batches of G. elata ranged between 143. 3 and 1 027. 3. If the percentage mass constant( ≥80%) was the first grade,the percentage mass constant between 50%-80% indicated the second grade,and the remaining percentage mass constant indicated the third grade. The quality constant of the first gradepieces was sality,that of the second grade pieces ranged between 513. 0-821. 0,and that of the third grade pieces was <513. 0. On the basis of the study for the grading method of quality constants,and the natural morphology and cutting characteristics of the pieces,a grading model for the quality constants of the pieces cut along texture was established,which made the method scientific,rational as well as " personalized". The model method is applied in grading G. elata pieces,so as to specify the grading method,further enrich the study data of the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces and provide a useful reference for the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces. Meanwhile,the grading method of mass constants could be further applied and promoted to prove its rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Gastrodia/química , Controle de Qualidade
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1755-1759, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342698

RESUMO

Quality constant is a kind of grading evaluation method of traditional Chinese medicine pieces based on the combination of traditional knowledge and modern quality control. This method has been successfully applied in the grading evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizome pieces and traditional Chinese medicine pieces,and with a positive influence in the industry. With Dachuanxiong Formula for example,different grades of Ligusticum chuanxiong and Gastrodia elata pieces formed high-quality,moderate and qualified Dachuanxiong Formula on the basis of the grading evaluation of the pieces,and the pharmacodynamics method was used to evaluate its efficacy. The results showed that the maximum vascular diastolic rates of Dachuanxiong Formula in the three grades were( 80. 3±5. 2) %,( 67. 0±6. 1) %and( 60. 3±6. 5) %,and the strength of pharmacodynamics was positively correlated with the grade of L. chuanxiong and G. elata pieces.The quality constant technique can objectively and quantitatively classify single decoctions,and has important correlations and prompts for the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions composed of these pieces,with important significance in promoting hierarchical management of the industry,implementing better price for high quality and defining high quality and superior effect.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Gastrodia/química , Glycyrrhiza/química , Ligusticum/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas/química , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
14.
Biomaterials ; 217: 119302, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271858

RESUMO

Organ transplantation is the only effective method to treat end-stage organ failure. However, it is continuously plagued by immune rejection, which is mostly caused by T cell-mediated reactions. Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells, and blocking the costimulatory signaling molecule CD40 in DCs inhibits T cell activation and induces transplant tolerance. In this study, to relieve graft rejection, Cas9 mRNA (mCas9) and a guide RNA targeting the costimulatory molecule CD40 (gCD40) were prepared and encapsulated into poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PEG-b-PLGA)-based cationic lipid-assisted nanoparticles (CLAN), denoted CLANmCas9/gCD40. CLAN effectively delivered mCas9/gCD40 into DCs and disrupted CD40 in DCs at the genomic level both in vitro and in vivo. After intravenous injection into an acute mouse skin transplant model, CLANmCas9/gCD40-mediated CD40 disruption significantly inhibited T cell activation, which reduced graft damage and prolonged graft survival. This work provides a promising strategy for reprogramming DCs with nanoparticles carrying the CRISPR/Cas9 system to abate transplant rejection.

15.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(6): 463, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189920

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a vital role in tumourigenesis, including that of glioma. Small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) is a relatively novel lncRNA that is involved in the development of multiple human tumours. However, its underlying molecular mechanism in glioma has not been completely clarified. In this study, we show that SNHG1 is overexpressed in glioma tissues and cell lines. A series of functional assays suggested that SNHG1 promotes glioma progression in vitro and in vivo. Next, through online databases, a luciferase reporter assay and an RNA pull-down assay, we confirmed that SNHG1 functions as a sponge for miR-194, which acts as a suppressor in glioma. We also verified that pleckstrin homology like domain family A, member 1 (PHLDA1) is the functional target of miR-194. Moreover, rescue experiments demonstrated that SNHG1 regulates PHLDA1 expression in a miR-194-dependent manner. Taken together, our study shows that SNHG1 promotes glioma progression by competitively binding to miR-194 to regulate PHLDA1 expression, which may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for glioma.

16.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(12): 3453-3458, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180223

RESUMO

Although most molecular electronic devices and materials consist of a backbone with a planar structure, twisted molecular wires with reduced inter-ring π-orbital overlap offer a unique opportunity for the modularized fabrication of molecular electronic devices. Herein we investigate the modularized tuning of the charge transport through the localized molecules by designing highly twisted molecules and investigating their single-molecule charge transport using the scanning tunneling microscopy break junction technique. We find that the anthracenediyl-core molecule with a 90° inter-ring twist angle shows an unexpectedly high conductance value, which is five times higher than that of the phenylene-core molecule with a similar configuration, whereas the conductance of the delocalized planar molecule with an anthracenediyl core or a phenylene core is almost the same. Theoretical calculations revealed that highly twisted angles result in weak interactions between molecular building blocks, for which molecule orbitals are separated into localized blocks, which offers the chance for the modularized tuning of every single block. Our findings offer a new strategy for the design of future molecular devices with a localized electronic structure.

17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(31): 10601-10605, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166071

RESUMO

Molecular components are vital to introduce and manipulate quantum interference (QI) in charge transport through molecular electronic devices. Up to now, the functional molecular units that show QI are mostly found in conventional π- and σ-bond-based systems; it is thus intriguing to study QI in multicenter bonding systems without both π- and σ-conjugations. Now the presence of QI in multicenter-bond-based systems is demonstrated for the first time, through the single-molecule conductance investigation of carborane junctions. We find that all the three connectivities in carborane frameworks show different levels of destructive QI, which leads to highly suppressed single-molecule conductance in para- and meta-connected carboranes. The investigation of QI into carboranes provides a promising platform to fabricate molecular electronic devices based on multicenter bonds.

18.
Cancer Lett ; 459: 145-155, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173854

RESUMO

Radiotherapy is one of the standard therapies for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), but the efficacy is far from desirable. Large scale genome sequencing reveals PI3Kα is frequently hyper-activated in ESCC. We found that ESCC cells harboring alterations in PI3K pathway were more resistant to radiation and combination of a clinical PI3Kα-selective inhibitor CYH33 and radiation synergistically inhibited cell proliferation in 14 ESCC cell lines. Radiation induced phosphorylation of FOXO1 and Akt, which sensitized ESCC cells to PI3Kα inhibitors. Both S1PR3 and DNA-PK contributed to radiation-induced Akt phosphorylation, which were revealed to be collectively dependent on PI3Kα. By contrast, constitutively active Akt abrogated the synergism between PI3Kα inhibitors and radiation. PI3Kα inhibition enhanced radiation-induced DNA damage, G2/M arrest and apoptosis. Combination of CYH33 and radiation significantly inhibited the growth of xenografts derived from ESCC patients, which was accompanied with abrogation of radiation-induced phosphorylation of Akt and filtration of M2-like macrophages. Taken together, combination of CYH33 and radiation possesses synergism in ESCC, which provides promising rationale to test this combinatorial regimen in ESCC patients.

19.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(4): 272-280, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective effect of NANOG against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) -induced cell damage in the human hair follicle mesenchymal stem cells (hHF-MSCs). METHODS: NANOG was expressed from a lentiviral vector, pLVX-IRES-ZsGreen. NANOG hHF-MSCs and vector hHF-MSCs were treated with 400 µmol/L hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for 2 h, the cell survival rate, cell morphology, ROS production, apoptosis and expression of AKT, ERK, and p21 were determined and compared. RESULTS: Our results showed that NANOG could activate AKT and upregulate the expression of p-AKT, but not p-ERK. When treated with 400 µmol/L H2O2, NANOG hHF-MSCs showed higher cell survival rate, lower ROS production and apoptosis, higher expression of p-AKT, higher ratio of p-AKT/AKT. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that NANOG could protect hHF-MSCs against cell damage caused by H2O2 through activating AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Folículo Piloso/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Lentivirus , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Homeobox Nanog/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Acta Physiol (Oxf) ; 227(2): e13323, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162869

RESUMO

AIM: Although miR-29 has emerged as a crucial non-coding RNA in the regulation of pathological cardiac hypertrophy, further exploration of its specific mechanisms is necessary to resolve controversy about its major role in this condition. This study therefore evaluated the role of miR-29a and whether it acts through the PTEN/AKT/mTOR pathway. METHODS: In this study, a rat model of pressure-induced cardiac hypertrophy was established by transverse aortic constriction and verified by echocardiography, histological analysis and quantitative RT-PCR. At the cellular level, we explored the role of miR-29a in angiotensin II-stimulated hypertrophic H9c2 cardiomyoblasts by transfecting the cells with miR-29a inhibitor and mimic. The relationship between miR-29a and the signalling pathway was investigated with dual luciferase reporter assays, immunofluorescence analysis and Western blotting. We also examined whether autophagy is involved in the regulatory mechanism of miR-29a through transmission electron microscopy and detection of autophagy-associated proteins. RESULTS: The results showed that miR-29a was upregulated both in rats 4 weeks after surgery and in 10-6  M angiotensin II-stimulated cells. In contrast, inhibition of miR-29a partially attenuated angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy. Additionally, bioinformatics analysis revealed that PTEN was one of the target genes of miR-29a, which was also verified by luciferase assay. The results of immunofluorescence and Western blotting indicated that overexpression of miR-29a inhibited the expression of PTEN, activated the AKT/mTOR pathway and suppressed autophagy, which ultimately led to cardiac hypertrophy. CONCLUSION: In pathological cardiac hypertrophy, miR-29a was overexpressed and promoted cardiac hypertrophy by regulating the PTEN/AKT/mTOR pathway and suppressing autophagy.

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