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2.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(3): 924-929, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of hematological malignancies superimposed patients with solid tumors. METHODS: The clinical data of 30 patients with more than two kinds of malignancy (the second is hematological malignancy) from October 2011 to October 2020 in Department of Hematology, Jiangning Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The overall survival time was used as the prognostic evaluation standard, and the survival of patients were analyzed by KaplanMeier method. Logrank test and Cox regression model were used to carry out univariate and multivariate retrospective analysis on clinical and laboratory parameters of 30 patients. RESULTS: Among 30 cases, 20 were male, 10 were female, the median age of onset of the second tumor was 70 years old. The common types of the secondary hematological malignancies to solid tumors are myelodysplastic syndrome, acute myeloid leukemia, multiple myeloma. Univariate analysis showed that patients' gender, age, type of solid tumors, the onset of interval between two kinds of tumor, chromosome karyotype were not related to do with the patients' overall survival time. Type of hematologic disease, ECOG score were associated with patients' overall survival time, and the multivariate analysis showed that the type of hematologic disease and ECOG score were independent risk factors for patients with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: Patients superimposed with solid tumors complicated with myelodysplastic syndrome or acute leukemia and ECOG score ≥3 have poor prognosis and shorter overall survival time, which are independent risk factors influencing the prognosis. Bone marrow injury, immune dysfunction and genetic susceptibility after chemoradiotherapy may be the main causes of these diseases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Idoso , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Masculino , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 471, 2022 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35650520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Repressor element 1-silencing transcription (REST)/neuron-restrictive silencer factor is considered a new therapeutic target for neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the relationship between AD and REST remains unclear. This study aimed to 1) examine plasma REST levels and REST gene levels in AD patients and 2) further explore the pathological relationships between REST protein levels and cognitive decline in clinical conditions, including medial temporal lobe atrophy. METHODS: Participants (n = 252, mean age 68.95 ± 8.78 years) were recruited in Beijing, China, and then divided into a normal cognition (NC) group (n = 89), an amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) group (n = 79), and an AD dementia group (n = 84) according to diagnostic criteria. All participants underwent neuropsychological assessments, laboratory tests, and neuroimaging scans (magnetic resonance imaging) at baseline. Plasma REST protein levels and the distribution of REST single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were compared among the three groups. Correlations between cognitive function, neuro-imaging results, and REST levels were determined by a multivariate linear regression analysis. RESULTS: The plasma REST levels in both the NC group (430.30 ± 303.43)pg/ml and aMCI group (414.27 ± 263.39)pg/ml were significantly higher than that in the AD dementia group (NC vs AD dementia group, p = 0.034; aMCI vs AD dementia group, p = 0.033). There was no significant difference between the NC and aMCI groups (p = 0.948). No significant difference was found among the three groups regarding the genotype distribution (rs2227902 and rs3976529 SNPs) of the REST gene. The REST level was correlated with the left medial temporal lobe atrophy index (r = 0.306, p = 0.023). After 6 months of follow-up, the REST level in the NC group was positively correlated with the change in the Mini-Mental State Examination score (r = 0.289, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: The plasma REST protein level is decreased in AD dementia patients, which is associated with memory impairment and left temporal lobe atrophy and may have potential value for clinical diagnosis of AD dementia.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Proteínas Repressoras , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Atrofia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Proteínas Repressoras/sangue , Fatores de Transcrição/sangue
4.
Small ; : e2200857, 2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35657068

RESUMO

Light-assisted antibacterial therapy is a promising alternative to antibiotic therapy due to the high antibacterial efficacy without bacterial resistance. Recent research has mainly focused on the use of near-infrared light irradiation to kill bacteria by taking advantage of the synergistic effects rendered by hyperthermia and radical oxygen species. However, photocatalytic antibacterial therapy excited by visible light is more convenient and practical, especially for wounds. Herein, a visible light responsive organic-inorganic hybrid of ZnTCPP/Ti3 C2 TX is designed and fabricated to treat bacterial infection with antibacterial efficiency of 99.86% and 99.92% within 10 min against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, respectively. The porphyrin-metal complex, ZnTCPP, is assembled on the surface of Ti3 C2 TX MXene to capture bacteria electrostatically and the Schottky junction formed between Ti3 C2 TX and ZnTCPP promotes visible light utilization, accelerates charge separation, and enhances the mobility of photogenerated charges, and finally increases the photocatalytic activity. As a result of the excellent bacteria capturing ability and photocatalytic antibacterial effects, ZnTCPP/Ti3 C2 TX exposed to visible light has excellent antibacterial properties in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, organic-inorganic materials that have been demonstrated to possess good biocompatibility and enhance wound healing have large potential in bio-photocatalysis, antibacterial therapy, as well as antibiotics-free treatment of wounds.

5.
Int J Biol Markers ; : 3936155221105521, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overall survival of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients remains disappointingly low. The estrogen receptor (ER) was considered a promising therapeutic target for NSCLC. Numerous studies have linked expression of ERß to lung cancer outcome. However, results are conflicting regarding the association of ERß with surviving lung cancer. METHOD: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the prognostic aspect of ERß expression on survival among NSCLC patients. We performed a final analysis of prognostic value of overexpression ERß on 3500 patients from 18 evaluable studies (from January 1, 2000 to May 1, 2021). The reference category is specified as low ERß expression levels. Summarized hazard ratios were calculated. RESULTS: Our study showed that the pooled hazard ratios of ERß overexpression for overall survival in NSCLC was 0.81 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.64-1.02, P = 0.07) by univariate analysis and 1.06 (95% CI: 0.83-1.36, P = 0.63) by multivariate analysis. Pooled hazard ratio by univariate analysis in Asian studies was 0.73 (95%CI: 0.59-0.89, P = 0.002). Pooled hazard ratio by univariate analysis was 0.75 (95% CI: 0.61-0.93, P = 0.009) from seven studies reported for nuclear ERß. No significant results were found in subgroups by multivariate analysis. No significant results were found in studies outside Asia or in studies reported for cytoplasmic ERß. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that expression of ERß might not be a direct prognostic factor for NSCLC patients. More detailed prospective studies are needed to identify direct prognostic factors in these patients.

6.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-18, 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695424

RESUMO

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), which is characterized by retinal neovascularization (RNV), is a major cause of neonatal blindness. The primary treatment for ROP is anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy, which is costly and can rapidly lead to desensitization. Celastrol, a bioactive compound extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F. ("Thunder of God Vine"), has been shown to exert anticancer and anti-inflammatory effects. However, whether celastrol has antiangiogenic activity and can suppress inflammation to inhibit ROP progression is unclear. This was investigated in the present study in vitro as well as in vivo using a mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). Our results showed that celastrol treatment reduced neovascular and avascular areas in the retina and inhibited microglia activation and inflammation in OIR mice. Celastrol also inhibited proliferation, migration, and tube formation in cultured human retinal microvascular endothelial cells, and reversed the activation of the microRNA (miR)-17-5p/hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α/VEGF pathway in the retina of OIR mice. These results indicate that celastrol alleviates pathologic RNV in the retina by protecting neuroglia and suppressing inflammation via inhibition of miR-17-5p/HIF-1α/VEGF signaling, and thus has therapeutic potential for the prevention and treatment of ROP.Abbreviations: BSA, bovine serum albumin; COX2, cyclooxygenase 2; ECM, endothelial cell medium; FBS, fetal bovine serum; HDAC, histone deacetylase; HIF-1, hypoxia-inducible factor 1; HRMEC, human retinal microvascular endothelial cell; Hsp70, heat shock protein; IB4, isolectin B4; ICAM-1, intercellular adhesion molecule 1; IL-1ß/6, interleukin 1 beta/6; MAPK, mitogen-activated protein kinase; MCP-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1; miRNA, microRNA; MMP, matrix metalloproteinase; mTOR, mammalian target of rapamycin; NF-κB, nuclear factor-kappa B; OIR, oxygen-induced retinopathy; PBS, phosphate-buffered saline; PCNA, proliferating cell nuclear antigen; PI3K, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase; qRT-PCR, quantitative real-time PCR; RNV, retinal neovascularization; ROP, retinopathy of prematurity; RTCA, real-time cell analyzer; RVO, retinal vaso-obliteration; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor alpha; VCAM-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1; VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor.

7.
J Crit Care ; 71: 154066, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35696851

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although epidemiological studies have enhanced our understanding of acute kidney injury, defining the biologic processes corresponding to the clinical phenotype remains challenging. We have examined biomarkers associated with renal stress plus markers of glomerular function to assess whether this approach may aid prediction of AKI or other relevant endpoints. MATERIALS & METHODS: Urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7], serum creatinine, plasma cystatin C and plasma proenkephalin 119-159 2 were analyzed in patients enrolled in the prospective, international, Sapphire study. Heterogenous critically ill patients (n = 723) were examined with a primary endpoint of development of KDIGO stage 2-3 within 12 h and a secondary endpoint of major adverse kidney events at 30 days (MAKE30). RESULTS: 100 patients (14%) reached the primary endpoint. Markers of renal stress outperformed those associated with glomerular function. Combining [TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] with serum creatinine, but not the other functional markers, significantly (p = 0.02) increased the area under the ROC curve (AUC) from 0.80 (0.76-0.84) to 0.85 (0.81-0.89). In patients who did not develop AKI, all markers of glomerular filtration, but not [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7], were significantly elevated in patients with a history of CKD (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of cell-cycle arrest biomarkers, TIMP-2 and IGFBP7, with serum creatinine but not cystatin C or PENK improved risk stratification for the development of stage 2 or 3 AKI over [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] alone.

8.
Bioanalysis ; 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703321

RESUMO

Gene therapy, cell therapy and vaccine research have led to an increased use of qPCR/ddPCR in bioanalytical laboratories. CROs are progressively undertaking the development and validation of qPCR and ddPCR assays. Currently, however, there is limited regulatory guidance for the use of qPCR and a complete lack of any regulatory guidelines for the use of the newer ddPCR to support regulated bioanalysis. Hence, the Global CRO Council in Bioanalysis (GCC) has issued this White Paper to provide; 1) a consensus on the different validation parameters required to support qPCR/ddPCR assays; 2) a harmonized approach to their validation and 3) a consistent development of standard operating procedures (SOPs) for all the bioanalytical laboratories using these techniques.

9.
Front Nutr ; 9: 873892, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711556

RESUMO

10-Hydroxydec-2-enoic acid (10-HDA), an unsaturated hydroxyl fatty acid from the natural food royal jelly, can protect against cell and tissue damage, yet the underlying mechanisms are still unexplored. We hypothesized that the neutralization of the hydroxyl free radical (•OH), the most reactive oxygen species, is an important factor underlying the cytoprotective effect of 10-HDA. In this study, we found that the •OH scavenging rate by 10-HDA (2%, g/ml) was more than 20%, which was achieved through multiple-step oxidization of the -OH group and C=C bond of 10-HDA. Moreover, 10-HDA significantly enhanced the viability of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) damaged by •OH (P < 0.01), significantly attenuated •OH-derived malondialdehyde production that represents cellular lipid peroxidation (P < 0.05), and significantly increased the glutathione levels in •OH-stressed VSMCs (P < 0.05), indicating the role of 10-HDA in reducing •OH-induced cytotoxicity. Further proteomic analyses of VSMCs identified 195 proteins with decreased expression by •OH challenge that were upregulated by 10-HDA rescue and were primarily involved in protein synthesis (such as translation, protein transport, ribosome, and RNA binding) and energy metabolism (such as fatty acid degradation and glycolysis/gluconeogenesis). Taken together, these findings indicate that 10-HDA can effectively promote cell survival by antagonizing •OH-induced injury in VSMCs. To the best of our knowledge, our results provide the first concrete evidence that 10-HDA-scavenged •OH could be a potential pharmacological application for maintaining vascular health.

10.
Genes Genet Syst ; 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644542

RESUMO

The prevalence of iron overload in Tibetans in Tibet is higher than that in Han. DNA methylation (DNAm) is closely related to iron metabolism and iron level. Nevertheless, the epigenetic status of Tibetans with iron overload is unknown, and we therefore aimed to explore whether the phenomenon observed in the Tibetan population is regulated by epigenetics. The results showed that 2.26% of cytosine was methylated in the whole genome, and that the rate of CG cytosine methylation was higher in individuals in the iron overload (TH) group than in those in the iron normal (TL) group. We analyzed differentially methylated genes (DMGs) in whole-genome bisulfite sequencing data from the TH and TL groups of high-altitude Tibetans. Protein-protein interaction and pathway analyses of candidate DMGs related to iron uptake and transport showed that epigenetic changes in 10 candidate genes (ACO1, CYBRD1, FLVCR1, HFE, HMOX2, IREB2, NEDD8, SLC11A2, SLC40A1 and TFRC) are likely to relate to iron overload. This work reveals, for the first time, changes of DNAm in Tibetan people with iron overload, which suggest that DNAm is a mechanism underlying differences in iron content between individuals in the high-altitude Tibetan population. Our findings should contribute to the study of iron metabolism and the overall health status of Tibetans.

11.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 86: 106026, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537315

RESUMO

Nuciferine is an important drug candidate for the treatment of many diseases. However, there is no general method for its low - cost production. In this work, a feasible method for the production of nuciferine from lotus leaf, using ultrasonic-assisted extraction-solid phase extraction (UAE-SPE) as extraction and cleanup procedure, was developed. Petroleum ether and silica gel have been successfully used as extraction solvent and adsorbent to integrate UAE with SPE, respectively. Except for filtration, no treatment (e.g. concentration and redissolution, etc) was needed on UAE extract before SPE and the effluents obtained in the loading process of SPE could be used as UAE extraction solvent without purification. No obvious decline in the extraction efficiency of UAE and adsorption capacity of SPE was observed at least for 5 runs, which provides a feasible way for the continuous production of nuciferine in industry, i.e. Cyclic UAE-SPE. Moreover, SPE column could be conveniently regenerated and reused without significant decline in its adsorption capacity at least for 5 cycles, which can be used to reduce the cost of the whole system further. In comparison with other cleanup procedures, Cyclic UAE-SPE showed apparent advantages in energy conservation and emission reduction. LLE and crystallization were applied to separate nuciferine from other impurities further. Under optimum conditions, the total recovery rate of nuciferine with a purity over 90.0% from lotus leaf reached 50.1%. All in all, the developed method has advantages in convenient operation, low cost, and high efficiency, thus, is fitting for the production of high purity nuciferine.


Assuntos
Aporfinas , Lotus , Aporfinas/análise , Aporfinas/química , Lotus/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Solventes
12.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 50(10): 5974-5987, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35641097

RESUMO

Rob, which serves as a paradigm of the large AraC/XylS family transcription activators, regulates diverse subsets of genes involved in multidrug resistance and stress response. However, the underlying mechanism of how it engages bacterial RNA polymerase and promoter DNA to finely respond to environmental stimuli is still elusive. Here, we present two cryo-EM structures of Rob-dependent transcription activation complex (Rob-TAC) comprising of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase (RNAP), Rob-regulated promoter and Rob in alternative conformations. The structures show that a single Rob engages RNAP by interacting with RNAP αCTD and σ70R4, revealing their generally important regulatory roles. Notably, by occluding σ70R4 from binding to -35 element, Rob specifically binds to the conserved Rob binding box through its consensus HTH motifs, and retains DNA bending by aid of the accessory acidic loop. More strikingly, our ligand docking and biochemical analysis demonstrate that the large Rob C-terminal domain (Rob CTD) shares great structural similarity with the global Gyrl-like domains in effector binding and allosteric regulation, and coordinately promotes formation of competent Rob-TAC. Altogether, our structural and biochemical data highlight the detailed molecular mechanism of Rob-dependent transcription activation, and provide favorable evidences for understanding the physiological roles of the other AraC/XylS-family transcription factors.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Fator de Transcrição AraC/genética , Fator de Transcrição AraC/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Citarabina/metabolismo , DNA/química , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/genética , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Ativação Transcricional
13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 258, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have given some pieces of evidence for the effect of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on knee proprioception of patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), but their results were conflicting. This review was performed to provide an updated evidence-based meta-analysis investigating the influence of TKA on knee proprioception. METHODS: The electronic databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library were accessed from their inception to March 2020. Two reviewers identified the studies that met the selection criteria for this review. Information on study type, participants, follow-up time, and outcome measures was extracted. Methodological quality was independently assessed by two reviewers using the Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0. Eleven studies with 475 participants were included in the meta-analysis. RESULTS: The I2 index assessed the heterogeneity between studies. The results showed that the pooled standard mean difference of mean angle of error was - 0.58° (95% CI - 1 to - 0.16; P = 0.007; I2 = 69%), and the joint position sense of KOA patients was better after TKA surgery than that before surgery. Pooled standard mean difference of displacement of center of pressure (COP) was - 0.39 (95% CI - 0.72 to - 0.06; P = 0.02; I2 = 51%), and KOA patients had better static balance after TKA surgery than before surgery. CONCLUSIONS: To conclude, no standardized comprehensive evaluation protocol presently exists though different assessment tools are available to measure proprioception. Contrasting results were found in the literature since some studies found that TKA improves proprioception in KOA patients, while others found no difference in proprioception. These differences are seen whether the proprioception was assessed by joint position sense (JPS), or it was indirectly assessed by static balance. However, the lack of sufficient data on the threshold to detect passive movement (TTDPM) and dynamic balance made it difficult to draw a conclusion about whether or not the sense of motion improved after surgery. The method for measuring and evaluating knee joint force sense is worth paying attention, which will make progress with knee proprioception on TKA patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Propriocepção
14.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 846541, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35586062

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder recognized as a global public health priority. Although available treatments temporarily relieve the symptoms, they could not prevent the progression of cognitive decline. Natural compounds have been rich sources for drug discovery. Dendrobium nobile Lindl. alkaloid (DNLA) is the main active compound in Dendrobium nobile Lindl, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Recent studies indicated that DNLA produced neuroprotection. However, the mechanisms underlying DNLA-generated neuroprotection remain unknown. To investigate neuroprotection and the underlying mechanisms of DNLA, mouse hippocampus injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuronal damage was performed. DNLA protected hippocampus neurons and working memory disorder against LPS-induced neurotoxicity. In addition, DNLA suppressed cell undergoing membrane lysis and cell swelling and inhibited the essential mediator of pyroptosis GSDMD-N expressions. Furthermore, DNLA-mediated neuroprotection was dependent on the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation, as evidenced by the fact that DNLA reduced pro-inflammatory factor (IL-18 and IL-1ß) production and inhibited the expression of related proteins. DNLA-exerted neuroprotection against LPS-induced neuronal damage, and cognitive impairment was not observed in NLRP3 knockout mice. Together, this study suggested that DNLA attenuated NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis to generate neuroprotection against LPS-induced neuronal damage and cognitive impairment.

15.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 869279, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571212

RESUMO

Object: Obesity is an increase in body weight beyond the limitation of skeletal and physical requirement, as the result of an excessive accumulation of fat in the body. Obesity could increase the risk of myocardial fibrosis. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most abundant substance in green tea and has been reported to have multiple pharmacological activities. However, there is not enough evidence to show that EGCG has a therapeutic effect on obesity-induced myocardial fibrosis. This study aims to investigate whether EGCG is a potential drug for obesity-induced myocardial fibrosis. Methods: Obesity-induced myocardial fibrosis rat model was established by HFD feeding for 36 weeks. EGCG was intragastrically administered at 160 mg/kg/d for the last 4 weeks. The pathological changes of myocardial fibrosis were evaluated by tissue pathological staining and collagen quantification. Furthermore, total RNA was extracted from the heart for RNA-seq to identify the changes in the transcript profile, and the relevant hub genes were verified by quantitative real-time PCR and western blot. Results: EGCG significantly relieved HFD diet-induced obesity and alleviated the pathology of myocardial fibrosis. Biochemical analysis showed that EGCG could relieve the burden of lipid metabolism and injury to the myocardium and transcript profile analysis showed that EGCG could alleviate obesity-induced myocardial fibrosis by increasing the level of Scn5a in the heart. Furthermore, quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analysis for SCN5A also confirmed this finding. Conclusion: Taken together, these results suggest that EGCG could protect against the obesity-induced myocardial fibrosis. EGCG plays an anti-myocardial fibrosis role by regulating the expression of SCN5A in the heart.

16.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(5): 590-4, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543955

RESUMO

The existing problems in the outcomes of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) during recent five years are analyzed and suggestions are proposed. The RCTs of acupuncture for VCI were selected in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Clinical Trials, CNKI database, Wanfang database, VIP database, SinoMed database and Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR) from January 1, 2015 to September 14, 2020. The outcomes were extracted and analyzed. As a result, 21 RCTs were included and the outcomes used were divided into 9 categories: clinical symptom/sign indexes, quality of life indexes, neuroimaging indexes, neuroelectrophysiology indexes, blood biochemical indexes, hemorheology indexes, TCM syndrome score indexes, clinical efficacy indexes, and safety indexes. Among them, the top three of the most used outcomes were clinical symptoms/signs indexes (21, 100.0%), clinical efficacy indexes (14, 66.7%) and quality of life indexes (12, 57.1%). In the RCTs of acupuncture for VCI, attention should be paid to distinguish the primary outcomes and secondary outcomes, adopt objective and standardized efficacy evaluation, and give consideration to report the outcomes of safety, health economic and TCM characteristic indexes.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Disfunção Cognitiva , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Nutrients ; 14(9)2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565941

RESUMO

Rosa roxburghii Tratt. fruit juice (Cili) is used as a medicinal and edible resource in China due to its antioxidant and hypolipidemic potentials. The efficacy of Cili in protecting alcohol-induced liver injury and its underlying mechanism was investigated. C57BL/6J mice received a Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet containing alcohol to produce liver injury. After the mice were adapted gradually to 5% alcohol, Cili (4 mL and 8 mL/kg/day for 4 weeks) were gavaged for treatment. The serum enzyme activities, triglyceride levels, histopathology and Oil-red O staining were examined. The RNA-Seq and qPCR analyses were performed to determine the protection mechanisms. Cili decreased serum and liver triglyceride levels in mice receiving alcohol. Hepatocyte degeneration and steatosis were improved by Cili. The RNA-Seq analyses showed Cili brought the alcohol-induced aberrant gene pattern towards normal. The qPCR analysis verified that over-activation of CAR and PXR (Cyp2a4, Cyp2b10 and Abcc4) was attenuated by Cili. Cili alleviated overexpression of oxidative stress responsive genes (Hmox1, Gsta1, Gstm3, Nqo1, Gclc, Vldlr, and Cdkn1a), and rescued alcohol-downregulated metabolism genes (Angptl8, Slc10a2, Ces3b, Serpina12, C6, and Selenbp2). Overall, Cili was effective against chronic alcohol liver injury, and the mechanisms were associated with decreased oxidative stress, improved lipid metabolism through modulating nuclear receptor CAR-, PXR-and Nrf2-mediated pathways.


Assuntos
Rosa , Proteínas Semelhantes a Angiopoietina , Animais , Etanol/farmacologia , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA-Seq , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
18.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35630968

RESUMO

Graphite/graphene intercalation compounds with good and improving electrical transport properties, optical properties, magnetic properties and even superconductivity are widely used in battery, capacitors and so on. Computational simulation helps with predicting important properties and exploring unknown functions, while it is restricted by limited computing resources and insufficient precision. Here, we present a cost-effective study on graphite/graphene intercalation compounds properties with sufficient precision. The calculation of electronic collective excitations in AA-stacking graphite based on the tight-binding model within the random phase approximation framework agrees quite well with previous experimental and calculation work, such as effects of doping level, interlayer distance, and interlayer hopping on 2D π plasmon and 3D intraband plasmon modes. This cost-effective simulation method can be extended to other intercalation compounds with unlimited intercalation species.

19.
J Med Chem ; 65(10): 7334-7362, 2022 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536548

RESUMO

Increasing the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) level is a promising strategy to suppress the progression of pathogenic inflammation including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Since cyclin-dependent kinase 8 (CDK8) inhibition can upregulate IL-10 abundance in activated myeloid-derived dendritic cells, it is considered to be an effective target for IBD treatment. Here, the complete discovery process of a novel CDK8 inhibitor as an anti-inflammatory agent was described. Starting with wogonin, structure-based optimization and structure-activity relationship (SAR) study were comprehensively carried out, and then lead compound 85 (N-(2-ethylphenyl)-5-(4-(piperazine-1-carbonyl)phenyl)nicotinamide) was developed as a potent druglike CDK8 inhibitor upregulating IL-10 both in vivo and in vitro. Also, compound 85 (with CDK8 IC50 = 56 nM, IL-10 enhancement rate 88%) exhibited effective anti-inflammatory activity in an animal model of IBD. These results confirmed that certain CDK8 inhibitor could be used as an effective anti-IBD drug.


Assuntos
Quinase 8 Dependente de Ciclina , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-10 , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Regulação para Cima
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35616676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: So far, only a few researchers have systematically analyzed the constituents of the traditional Chinese medicine prescription Xixin Decoction (XXD) and its potential mechanism of action in treating Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to explore the potential mechanism of XXD in the treatment of AD using network pharmacology and molecular docking. METHODS: The compounds of XXD were searched within the Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Database (TCMSP) and the Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrated Database (TCMID) databases. Overlapping AD-related targets obtained from the two databases and the predicted targets of XXD obtained from SwissTargetPrediction platform were imported into the STRING database to build PPI networks including hub targets; Cytoscape software was used to construct the herb-compound-target network while its plug-in CytoNCA was used to screen the main active compounds of XXD. Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses explored the core biological mechanism and pathways via the Metascape platform. In addition, we used AutoDock Vina and PyMOL software to investigate the molecular docking of main compounds to hub targets. RESULTS: We determined 114 active compounds, 973 drug targets, and 973 disease targets. However, intersection analysis screened out 208 shared targets.Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network identified 9 hub targets. The hub targets were found to be majorly enriched in several biological processes (positive regulation of kinase activity, positive regulation of cell death, regulation of MAPK cascade, trans-synaptic signaling, synaptic signaling, etc.) and the relevant pathways of Alzheimer's disease, including neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, dopaminergic synapse, serotonergic synapse, and the MAPK signaling pathway, etc. The pathway-target-compound network of XXD for treating AD was then constructed. 8 hub targets exhibited good binding activity with 9 main active compounds of XXD in molecular docking. CONCLUSION: In this study, we found multi-compound-multi-target-multi-pathway regulation to reveal the mechanism of XXD for treating AD based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. XXD may play a therapeutic role through regulating the Alzheimer's disease pathway, its downstream PI3K/Akt signaling pathway or the MAPK signaling pathway, thereby treating AD. This provides new insights for further experiments on the pharmacological effects of XXD.

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