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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114609, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508802

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Danggui-Yimucao herb pair (DY) is a classic combination in Chinese herbal formulas, consisting of the root of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels and the aerial parts of Leonurus japonicus Houtt. DY first appeared in "Zhulinsi fuke mifang" in the Jin Dynasty, and it has a long history as a drug for the treatment of abortion. However, its underlying immunomodulatory mechanisms involved are still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, network pharmacology and pharmacological experiments were used to explore the role and mechanism of DY in the treatment of medical abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Network pharmacology was used to establish the relationship between the components of DY and abortion-related targets, and to enrich important pathways and biological process for verification. ELISA was used to assess progesterone levels. Flow cytometry was used to detect the degree of differentiation of Th1/Th2 cells. Immunohistochemical methods and qPCR were used to measure the expression levels of T-bet, GATA-3 and IL-4. RESULTS: Through the prediction analysis of network pharmacology, we found that key pathway for DY treatment of abortion, such as anemia, pelvic infection, immune disorders, and coagulation disorders, was Th1/Th2 cell differentiation pathway. The pharmacological results revealed that DY greatly corrected the imbalance of Th cell subsets in abortion mice, significantly inhibited the differentiation of Th2 cells, and resulted in an increase in the Th1/Th2 ratio. In addition, the concentration of progesterone in the serum of mice after abortion was significantly reduced. We also found that DY upregulated spleen T-bet and downregulated IL-4 gene expression in mice. Besides, immunohistochemical results showed that DYE could up-regulate T-bet but inhibit GATA-3 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that after RU486-induced abortion, progesterone and Th1/Th2 paradigm were disordered in mice, but DY could make mice recover more quickly, which indicated that DY had great development value in immunoregulation.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150341, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563912

RESUMO

A new hypothesis that seed crystals (SC) and bacteria based on microbially induced calcium precipitation (MICP) synergistically remove fluoride (F-) from groundwater was proposed, with a focus on evaluating the defluoridation potential of this method and revealing its F- removal mechanism. The crucial conditions were optimized to reduce preparation and operation costs. SC furnished more available binding sites due to the existence of bacteria, and the reuse experiments showed that the defluoridation efficiency of SC still remained a high level after 14 cycles (70.10%), with a residual F- concentration of 0.96 mg L-1. The SEM-EDS, FTIR and XRD analyses indicated the predominant F- removal mechanism of SC could be ascribed to the chemisorption, ion exchange, and co-precipitation. Moreover, ion exchange and co-precipitation (PO43- involvement) were validated more contributive than chemisorption (CaCO3 and CaSO4 involvement). As a feasible, reusable, and eco-friendly technique, SC suggests promising applications in the treatment of fluoride-contaminated groundwater.


Assuntos
Fluoretos , Água Subterrânea , Bactérias , Cálcio
3.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 4): 132381, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606902

RESUMO

Herein, the major biochar properties were correlated with electron transfer of zerovalent iron (ZVI) and contribution of biomass constituents to biochar property was ascertained to optimize electron transfer of ZVI. To this end, five respective stalk-type and wood-type lignocellulosic biomasses were pyrolzed at 600 °C to prepare biochars to harbor ZVI (ZVI/BC). Thermogravimetric analysis demonstrated woody biomasses decomposed more intensively at higher temperature relative to stalky biomass. ZVI/BC were characterized with Raman, X-ray diffraction, and electrochemical analyses including electron donating capacity (EDC) and electron accepting capacity (EAC). Pearson correlation and partial least-squares (PLS) analyses confirmed that Cr(VI) reduction capacity was negatively related to Tafel corrosion potential and intensity ratio of ID/IG, but significantly positively-related to EDC of BC, in which EDC was a predominant attribute to contribute to reductive capacity toward Cr(VI) reduction. That is, greater EDC and higher graphitic carbon structure of biochar due to cellulose and hemicellulose components favor electron transfer of ZVI toward Cr(VI) reduction.


Assuntos
Ferro , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Carbono , Carvão Vegetal , Cromo/análise , Elétrons , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211062415, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851204

RESUMO

Objective: To generate synthetic CT (sCT) images with high quality from CBCT and planning CT (pCT) for dose calculation by using deep learning methods. Methods: 169 NPC patients with a total of 20926 slices of CBCT and pCT images were included. In this study the CycleGAN, Pix2pix and U-Net models were used to generate the sCT images. The Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE), Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), and Structural Similarity Index (SSIM) were used to quantify the accuracy of the proposed models in a testing cohort of 34 patients. Radiation dose were calculated on pCT and sCT following the same protocol. Dose distributions were evaluated for 4 patients by comparing the dose-volume-histogram (DVH) and 2D gamma index analysis. Results: The average MAE and RMSE values between sCT by three models and pCT reduced by 15.4 HU and 26.8 HU at least, while the mean PSNR and SSIM metrics between sCT by different models and pCT added by 10.6 and 0.05 at most, respectively. There were only slight differences for DVH of selected contours between different plans. The passing rates of 2D gamma index analysis under 3 mm/3% 3 mm/2%, 2 mm/3%and 2 mm/2% criteria were all higher than 95%. Conclusions: All the sCT had achieved better evaluation metrics than those of original CBCT, while the performance of CycleGAN model was proved to be best among three methods. The dosimetric agreement confirmed the HU accuracy and consistent anatomical structures of sCT by deep learning methods.

5.
Leukemia ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853439

RESUMO

SETD5 mutations were identified as the genetic causes of neurodevelopmental disorders. While the whole-body knockout of Setd5 in mice leads to embryonic lethality, the role of SETD5 in adult stem cell remains unexplored. Here, a critical role of Setd5 in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is identified. Specific deletion of Setd5 in hematopoietic system significantly increased the number of immunophenotypic HSCs by promoting HSC proliferation. Setd5-deficient HSCs exhibited impaired long-term self-renewal capacity and multiple-lineage differentiation potentials under transplantation pressure. Transcriptome analysis of Setd5-deficient HSCs revealed a disruption of quiescence state of long-term HSCs, a cause of the exhaustion of functional HSCs. Mechanistically, SETD5 was shown to regulate HSC quiescence by mediating the release of promoter-proximal paused RNA polymerase II (Pol II) on E2F targets in cooperation with HCF-1 and PAF1 complex. Taken together, these findings reveal an essential role of SETD5 in regulating Pol II pausing-mediated maintenance of adult stem cells.

6.
Med Image Anal ; 76: 102308, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856455

RESUMO

Content-based histopathological image retrieval (CBHIR) has become popular in recent years in histopathological image analysis. CBHIR systems provide auxiliary diagnosis information for pathologists by searching for and returning regions that are contently similar to the region of interest (ROI) from a pre-established database. It is challenging and yet significant in clinical applications to retrieve diagnostically relevant regions from a database consisting of histopathological whole slide images (WSIs). In this paper, we propose a novel framework for regions retrieval from WSI database based on location-aware graphs and deep hash techniques. Compared to the present CBHIR framework, both structural information and global location information of ROIs in the WSI are preserved by graph convolution and self-attention operations, which makes the retrieval framework more sensitive to regions that are similar in tissue distribution. Moreover, benefited from the graph structure, the proposed framework has good scalability for both the size and shape variation of ROIs. It allows the pathologist to define query regions using free curves according to the appearance of tissue. Thirdly, the retrieval is achieved based on the hash technique, which ensures the framework is efficient and adequate for practical large-scale WSI database. The proposed method was evaluated on an in-house endometrium dataset with 2650 WSIs and the public ACDC-LungHP dataset. The experimental results have demonstrated that the proposed method achieved a mean average precision above 0.667 on the endometrium dataset and above 0.869 on the ACDC-LungHP dataset in the task of irregular region retrieval, which are superior to the state-of-the-art methods. The average retrieval time from a database containing 1855 WSIs is 0.752 ms. The source code is available at https://github.com/zhengyushan/lagenet.

7.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783159

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To confirm whether a novel sagittal patellar angle linear equation used for evaluating patellar height by calculating expected sagittal patellar angle (SPA) at any degree of knee flexion angle is suitable for patients older than 17 years and its reliability compared with other commonly used methods. METHODS: From September 2016 to September 2019, a total number of 202 consecutive outpatients' knee lateral X-ray radiographs were retrospectively measured and evaluated using a recently proposed linear equation Y = 1.94 + 0.74 × knee flexion(KF) angle. Patients were divided by ages into ayounger group, whose ages were between 17-49 years, and an older group, whose ages were older than 49 years, which has not been validated in the original study. Parameters such as KF, SPA, patella and patella tendon length and so on were measured on computer with picture archiving and communication system by two independent observers at an interval of 1 month. Insall-Salvati (IS) index, Caton-Deschamps (CD) index and Y value, correlation coefficients were calculated and compared using SPSS 22.0 software. RESULTS: In the younger group, 143 patients (165 knees) were included, ages were 17-49 (31.62 ± 11.38) years, males/females were 70 (48.95%)/73 (51.05%), left knees/right knees were 83 (50.30%)/82 (49.70%), mean value of Y was 31.50° ± 10.07°, and SPA was 34.38° ± 12.38°, mean value of IS was 1.06 ± 0.17, mean value of CD was 1.04 ± 0.18. While in older group, 59 patients (78 knees) were included, ages were 50-60 (mean 54.61 ± 2.99) years, there were 32 males (54.24%) and 27 females (45.76%), 42 knees were left (53.85%) and 36 knees were right (46.15%), mean values of Y and SPA were 25.90° ± 11.55° and 29.36° ± 14.22°, mean IS index in older group was 1.06 ± 0.18, mean CD index was 1.00 ± 0.16. Intra- and inter-observer reliabilities of Y in younger and older groups were 0.999, 0.999, 1.000 and 0.999, meaning high reliability and reproducibility, but low Pearson's correlation coefficients with IS and CD index were showed as -0.213 and - 0.216 in younger group and - 0.113 and - 0.316 in older group. CONCLUSIONS: In patients older than 17 years, the linear equation Y = 1.94 + 0.74 × KF is a reliable and practical method to evaluate SPA regardless of age and knee flexion angle, but has weak correlation coefficients with the IS and CD index.

8.
J Clin Periodontol ; 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747036

RESUMO

AIM: Analysis of distribution of p-values of continuous differences between test and controls after randomization provides evidence of unintentional error, non-random sampling, or data fabrication in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We assessed evidence of highly unusual distributions of baseline characteristics of subjects enrolled in clinical trials in implant dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RCTs published between 2005 and 2020 were systematically searched in Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane databases. Baseline patient data were extracted from full text articles by two independent assessors. The hypothesis of non-random sampling was tested by comparing the expected and the observed distribution of the p-values of differences between test and controls after randomization. RESULTS: One-thousand five-hundred and thirty-eight unique RCTs were identified, of which 409 (26.6%) did not report baseline characteristics of the population, and 671 (43.6%) reported data in forms other than mean and standard deviation and could not be used to assess their random sampling. Four-hundred and fifty-eight trials with 1449 baseline variables in the form of mean and standard deviation were assessed. The study observed an over-representation of very small p-values [<.001, 1.38%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.85-2.12 compared to the expected 0.10%, 95% CI 0.00-0.26]. No evidence of over-representation of larger p-values was observed. Unusual distributions were present in 2.38% of RCTs and more frequent in non-registered trials, in studies supported by non-industry funding, and in multi-centre RCTs. CONCLUSIONS: The inability to assess random sampling due to insufficient reporting in 26.6% of trials requires attention. In trials reporting suitable baseline data, unusual distributions were uncommon, and no evidence of data fabrication was detected, but there was evidence of non-random sampling. Continued efforts are necessary to ensure high integrity and trust in the evidence base of the field.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794805

RESUMO

The fabrication of polymer composites with excellent thermal conductivity typically involves complex matrix or fillers modifications. This study proposed a simple technique based on precursor selection for obtaining highly thermally conductive cellulose nanofiber (CNF)/supramolecule-synthesized carbon nitride (SCN) composites. Fourier-transform infrared tests demonstrated the construction of hydrogen bonds between CNF and SCN; a highly ordered structure and relatively compact in-plane stacking were confirmed via scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction characterizations. Consequently, the resultant CNF/SCN composites exhibited remarkable in-plane thermal conductivity of 11.83 ± 0.41 W m-1 K-1 at 30 wt% SCN content, which was attributed to the significantly reduced interfacial phonon scattering. It also showed evident improvements in electrical insulation and flame retardancy compared with the pure CNF film, where the volume resistivity, peak heat release rate, and total heat release were remarkably enhanced by 1242% and reduced by 59.9% and 15.8%, respectively. Further analysis of char residuals revealed a relatively dense surface, high concentration of carbon materials, and a high degree of graphitization, indicating that the char residual functioned as a robust physical barrier to effectively inhibit combustion. This study provides a facile approach to achieving high-efficiency improvements in thermal conductivity and flame retardancy, and simultaneously facilitating broader applications of carbon nitride in thermal management.

10.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817170

RESUMO

The self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) is a versatile, palliative treatment method for unresectable, malignant, non-vascular strictures. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the candidates for the application of the SEMS, in combination with the photothermal ablation (PTA) technique that enhances its therapeutic efficacy. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of stent-mediated PTA therapy in an endoscopy-guided, orthotopic rectal cancer model. A total of 30 of 40 mice with the tumor size of grade 4 were included and were divided into three groups of 10 mice each. Group A underwent a gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-coated SEMS but no near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, group B received an uncoated control SEMS with NIR irradiation, and group C received a AuNP-coated SEMS and NIR irradiation together. Colonoscopy and in vivo imaging, immunohistochemical analysis, and quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction of major tumor markers were performed. Stent placement and PTA were technically successful using colonoscopy. The tumor grade reduction after PTA is significant in group C, compared with groups A or B (p < 0.001). Molecular analysis validated this observation with a significantly reduced Mapk1 proliferation marker or increased Jnk expression. Histological analysis confirmed the localized PTA therapy using AuNP-coated SEMS profoundly ablated tumor outgrowth through the stent. Our results indicate that this novel strategy of localized PTA therapy could be a promising option for palliative treatment of CRC and to support prolonged stent patency with a decreased tumor volume.

11.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(5): 607-614, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722175

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with metabolic disorders. This study aimed to explore the role of metabolic disorders in screening advanced fibrosis in NAFLD patients. Methods: A total of 246 histologically-proven NAFLD patients were enrolled across 14 centers. We compared the severity of fibrosis in patients with different components of metabolic disorders. Based on standard noninvasive tests and metabolic disorders, we developed new algorithms to identify advanced fibrosis. Results: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was frequent in NAFLD patients (133/246, 54%). Patients with MetS had a higher proportion of significant fibrosis (p=0.014) and higher LSM values (9.2 kPa, vs. 7.4 kPa, p=0.002) than those without MetS. Patients with more metabolic disorders had higher fibrosis stages (p=0.017). Reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (odds ratio [OR]: 2.241, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.004-5.002, p=0.049) and raised fasting glucose (OR: 4.500, 95% CI: 2.083-9.725, p<0.001) were significantly associated with advanced fibrosis. Using these two metabolic disorders as a screening tool, a sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 92%, 81% and 83% was achieved, respectively. With the new algorithms combining metabolic disorders with noninvasive measurements, the number of patients requiring liver biopsy was reduced, especially in combination with the Fibrosis-4 score and metabolic disorders (36% to 17%, p<0.001). In addition, this stepwise algorithm could achieve a high accuracy (85%) and high negative predictive value (93%). Conclusions: Metabolic disorders should be taken into consideration in the diagnosis of advanced fibrosis. With further validation and investigation, new algorithms could be recommended in primary care units to spare patients from unnecessary referral and liver biopsies.

12.
Reprod Sci ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729718

RESUMO

To investigate the predictive efficacy of the preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for natural pregnancy outcome after laparoscopic cystectomy in infertile patients with ovarian endometrioma (OMA). Current evidence suggests that endometriosis likely induces local and systemic inflammatory processes. The NLR has been demonstrated to be of great utility in the diagnosis of endometriosis. However, the association between NLR and natural pregnancy outcome after laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis remains unknown. Data on infertile OMA patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery from January 2014 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Cox regression analysis was used to identify predictors of natural pregnancy outcome. A predictive model was then established using the nomogram. Among 217 patients, 115 patients (53.0%) experienced natural pregnancy after surgery. Compared with patients with pregnancy failure, those with pregnancy success had a significantly higher NLR (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that age, least function (LF) score, and NLR were independent predictors of postoperative pregnancy (all P < 0.05). The NLA (NLR, LF score and age) scoring was then established and had a high predictive ability (AUC = 0.725). Patients were divided into three groups (low-, intermediate- and high-risk) based on the scoring, and the 1-year pregnancy rates were 43.5%, 34.4%, and 21.0%, respectively (P < 0.05). The preoperative NLR level was significantly associated with natural pregnancy outcome in infertile OMA patients after surgery. A predictive model combining NLR, LF score, and age could assist in the clinical decision-making process.

13.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e932796, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The reasons for foot and ankle pain following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for knee varus osteoarthritis are unknown. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the risk factors for postoperative foot and ankle pain in patients with varus osteoarthritis of the knee who underwent TKA. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 90 patients who underwent TKA for varus knee osteoarthritis. The visual analog scale (VAS) was used to evaluate patients' foot or ankle pain before and after surgery. The correlation between independent variables (eg, age, sex, body mass index [BMI], ankle osteoarthritis, and varus angle) and foot and ankle pain in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee was measured. Moreover, radiological changes were compared between the groups with and without worsened pain. RESULTS No significant difference in VAS was found between patients <60 and ≥60 years of age (P>0.05). Male sex and BMI <30 kg/m² were weakly correlated with preoperative foot or ankle pain. However, patients with varus of ≥6° and preexisting ankle osteoarthritis had a higher incidence of foot or ankle pain before surgery. Moreover, no significant differences in radiological changes were found between the groups with and without worsened foot or ankle pain after surgery (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS In male patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, a BMI <30 kg/m², varus of <6°, and no preexisting ankle osteoarthritis were protective factors for foot and ankle pain. TKA corrected knee and ankle malalignment. Therefore, postoperative foot and ankle pain was not associated only with TKA surgery.

14.
Acta Biomater ; 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757229

RESUMO

PLK1 is a promising target for clinical treatment of diverse malignancies including ovarian cancer (OC), in which PLK1 over-expression is often correlated with poor prognosis and short survival. PLK1 can be blocked with small molecular inhibitors like volasertib (Vol) or silenced with PLK1-specific siRNA (siPLK1), hence effectively suppressing tumor growth. Surprisingly, despite intensive work on molecular inhibitor and siRNA therapeutics, there is no direct comparison between them reported for targeted tumor therapy. Herein, we employing folate as a ligand and polymersomes as a nanovehicle performed a comparative study on Vol and siPLK1 in inhibiting OC in vitro and in vivo. Folate-targeted polymersomal Vol and siPLK1 (termed as FA-Ps-Vol and FA-Ps-siPLK1, respectively) were both nano-sized and stable, and displayed an optimal FA density of 20% for SKOV-3 cells. Notably, FA-Ps-Vol and FA-Ps-siPLK1 exhibited an IC50 of 193 and 770 nM, respectively, to SKOV-3 cells, indicating a greater potency of Vol than siPLK1. The markedly increased uptake for FA-Ps-Vol and FA-Ps-siPLK1 compared with respective non-targeted controls by SKOV-3 tumor xenografts in mice confirmed that FA mediates strong OC-targeting in vivo. Intriguingly, FA-Ps-Vol while greatly lessening toxic effects of Vol potently repressed tumor growth with a remarkable tumor inhibition rate (TIR) of 97% at 20 mg (i.e. 32.4 µmol) Vol equiv./kg. FA-Ps-siPLK1 achieved effective tumor inhibition (TIR = ca. 87% or 90%) at 2 or 4 mg (i.e. 0.15 or 0.3 µmol) siPLK1 equiv./kg without causing adverse effects. This comparative study highlights that molecular inhibitor has the advantage of easy dose escalation and potent protein inhibition at the expense of certain adverse effects while siRNA therapeutics has low toxicity with moderate protein inhibition in vivo. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: PLK1 is a promising target for the development of innovative and specific treatments against diverse malignancies. Interestingly, despite intensive work on molecular inhibitors and siRNA against PLK1, little work has been directed to compare their efficacy in targeted tumor therapy. Here, we employed folate as a ligand and polymersomes as a nanovehicle and have performed a comparative study on volasertib and siPLK1 in inhibiting ovarian cancer in vitro and in vivo. Our data show that the dose of volasertib can be easily escalated to induce prominent antitumor efficacy at the expense of certain adverse effects, while siPLK1 brings about moderate protein inhibition and antitumor therapy without causing toxicity at two-orders-of-magnitude lower dose.

15.
ACS Omega ; 6(43): 28912-28922, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746583

RESUMO

In the process of industrial crystallization, it is always difficult to balance the secondary nucleation rate and metastable zone width (MSZW). Herein, we report an experimental and numerical study for the cooling crystallization of paracetamol in an oscillatory flow crystallizer (OFC), finding the optimal operating conditions for balancing the secondary nucleation rate and MSZW. The results show that the MSZW decreases with the increase of oscillation Reynolds number (Re o). Compared to the traditional stirring system, the OFC has an MSZW three times larger than that of the stirring system under a similar power density of consumption. With the numerical simulation, the OFC can produce a stable space environment and instantaneous strong disturbance, which is conducive to the crystallization process. Above all, a high Re o is favorable to produce a sufficient nucleation rate, which may inevitably constrict the MSZW to a certain degree. Then, the optimization strategy of the operating parameter (Re o) in the OFC is proposed.

16.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(18): 1428, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733980

RESUMO

Background: Detection of E6 and E7 mRNA load of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection during pregnancy was compared with conventional cytopathology and DNA detection by pathological examination as colposcopy to evaluate the application of E6 and E7 mRNA detection in the diagnosis and management in HR-HPV infection for high -grade cervical lesions during pregnancy. Methods: From January 2014 to June 2019, 1,058 pregnant women of childbearing age who were filed for regular obstetrics in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, were separately assessed using cervical liquid-based cytology and HPV DNA detection. If the results were abnormal, colposcopy was performed as a follow-up. The presence of HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA fragments was detected through the HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA test, and monitored at the same time as colposcopy. The diagnostic efficacy of the HR-HPV DNA test versus the HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA test for high-grade cervical lesions during pregnancy was compared. Results: The positive rate of HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection in the overall cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and above during pregnancy was lower than that with HR-HPV DNA detection, and there was a significant statistical difference between the two methods. In CIN I and normal or inflammatory results, the positive rate of HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection was lower than that of HR-HPV DNA detection, while in the results of CIN II and CIN III, the positive rate of the two was not significantly different. HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection is the same as HR-HPV DNA detection, both of which increased with the severity of cervical lesions, and the positive rate increased. In cases of maintenance or progression of cervical lesions, the positive rate of HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection during pregnancy can reach 81.8%. High-grade cervical lesions during pregnancy had a higher rate of reversal to a lower level after delivery. Conclusions: The results suggested that the use of HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection in cases of positive HR-HPV DNA detection can significantly improve the diagnostic specificity of CIN II and above high-grade cervical lesions.

17.
Prev Vet Med ; 198: 105532, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844124

RESUMO

In the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China, the yak is an animal of particular economic interest, which provides protein and income for herders in daily life. Brucellosis is a bacterial disease that can infect humans and animals, including yaks. It can damage the yak reproductive system, causing miscarriage and orchitis. At the same time, brucellosis threatens the health of herders. We performed this meta-analysis using R software to explore the combined prevalence and risk factors of brucellosis in yak in China. Variability was assessed by the I2 statistic and Cochran Q statistic. We identified 52 publications of related research from four databases (Wanfang Data, VIP Chinese Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and of PubMed). The pooled prevalence of yak brucellosis was 8.39 %. Prevalence was highest in Southwestern China (11.1 %). The point estimate of brucellosis in yak from 2012 to 2016 was the highest (11.47 %). The point estimate of age ≤ 12 months (1.44 %) was lower than that of age > 12 months (15.6 %). This study shows that yak brucellosis is serious, and its incidence is higher than before 2012. We recommend carrying out large-scale yak brucellosis investigations in Western China and conducting comprehensive testing planning. The detection of brucellosis in adult animals should be strengthened to reduce the economic loss caused by brucellosis to herders and to improve public health.

18.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(12): 419, 2021 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782919

RESUMO

Yolk-shell structure magnetic metal-organic framework nanoparticles were prepared via post solvothermal method and employed as a magnetic solid-phase extraction adsorbent for selective pre-concentration of 5'-ribonucleotides by π stacking interaction, hydrogen bonding, and the strong interaction between titanium ions (Ti4+) and phosphate group. The properties of the materials were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectrometry, vibrating sample magnetometer, infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis. The main parameters affecting the adsorption-desorption process, including adsorbent amount, incubation time, incubation temperature, sample pH, shaking speed, elution solution, and elution time, were systematically optimized. Finally, 1.0 mg of adsorbent mixed with 1.0 mL sample solution (10.0 mmol⋅L-1 NaCl, pH 3.0) and shaken at 135 rpm for 5 min at 40 °C, washed with 1.0 mL Na3PO4-NH3∙H2O under vortex for 5 min were selected as optimized adsorption-desorption conditions. The binding performance of adsorbent towards five nucleotides was evaluated by static adsorption experiments. The data are well-fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model and the maximum adsorption capacity is 27.8 mg g-1 for adenosine 5'-monophosphate. The limit of detection of the method is 19.44-38.41 ng mL-1. Under the optimal conditions, the adsorbent was successfully applied to magnetic solid-phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography determination of five nucleotides in octopus, chicken, fish, and pork samples.

20.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 17: 1177-1186, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803381

RESUMO

Purpose: Previous research on incremental hemodialysis transition has mainly focused on one or two benefits or prognoses. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive analysis by investigating whether incremental hemodialysis was simultaneously associated with adequate dialysis therapy, stable complication indicators, long-lasting arteriovenous vascular access, and long-lasting preservation of residual kidney function (RKF) without increasing mortality or hospitalization. Patients and Methods: Incident hemodialysis patients from Huashan Hospital in Shanghai, China, over the period of 2012 to 2019, were enrolled and followed every three months until death or the time of censoring. Changes in complication indicators from baseline to all post-baseline visits were analyzed by mixed-effects models. The outcomes of RKF loss, arteriovenous vascular access complications, and the composite of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events were compared between incremental and conventional hemodialysis by Cox proportional hazards model. Results: Of the 113 patients enrolled in the study, 45 underwent incremental and 68 conventional hemodialysis. There were no significant differences in the changes from baseline to post-baseline visits in complication indicators between the two groups. Incremental hemodialysis reduced the risks of RKF loss (HR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.14-0.82), de novo arteriovenous access complication (HR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.08-0.82), and recurrent arteriovenous access complications under the Andersen-Gill (AG) model (HR, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.10-0.74) and the Prentice, Williams and Peterson Total Time (PWP-TT) model (HR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.12-0.80). There were no significant differences in all-cause hospitalization or the composite outcome between groups. Conclusion: Incremental hemodialysis is an effective dialysis transition strategy that preserves RKF and arteriovenous access without affecting dialysis adequacy, patient stability, hospitalization risk and mortality risk. Randomized controlled trials are warranted.

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