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1.
Mar Drugs ; 19(4)2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805423

RESUMO

Plant volatile organic compounds (VOCs) represent a relatively wide class of secondary metabolites. The VOC profiles of seven seaweeds (Grateloupia filicina, Polysiphonia senticulosa, Callithamnion corymbosum, Sargassum thunbergii, Dictyota dichotoma, Enteromorpha prolifera and Ulva lactuca) from the Yellow Sea of China were investigated using multifiber headspace solid phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC-MS), among them, the VOCs of three red algae Grateloupia filicina, Polysiphonia senticulosa, and Callithamnion corymbosum were first reported. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to disclose characteristic categories and molecules of VOCs and network pharmacology was performed to predict potential biomedical utilization of candidate seaweeds. Aldehyde was found to be the most abundant VOC category in the present study and (E)-ß-ionone was the only compound found to exist in all seven seaweeds. The chemical diversity of aldehydes in E. prolifera suggest its potential application in chemotaxonomy and hinted that divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS) fiber is more suitable for aldehyde extraction. VOCs in D. dichotoma were characterized as sesquiterpenes and diterpenes and the most relevant pharmacological pathway was the neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction pathway, which suggests that D. dichotoma may have certain preventive and therapeutic values in cancer, especially in lung cancer, in addition to neuropsychiatric diseases.

2.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 173: 104775, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771254

RESUMO

NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) plays a central role in the metabolism of insecticides. Numerous studies have shown that CPR is associated with insecticide resistance in insect. In this study, two transcripts of Spodoptera litura CPR (SlCPR-X1 and SlCPR-X2) were identified and cloned, and the deduced protein of SlCPR-X1 contains all the conserved CPR structural features (N-terminal membrane anchor, FMN, FAD and NADP binding domains, FAD binding motif, and catalytic residues). However, no N-terminal member anchor and a shorter FMN binding region have been identified in the deduced protein of SlCPR-X2. The specific expression patterns showed that SlCPR-X1 and SlCPR-X2 were detected in all tested developmental stages and tissues, but highly expressed in third-, fourth-, and fifth-instar larvae, and in midgut and fat body. In addition, compared with the susceptible strain, SlCPR-X1 and SlCPR-X2 were up-regulated and more inducible when treated with indoxacarb in the indoxacarb-resistant strain. However, the relative expression, up-regulation and induction of SlCPR-X1 were all higher than those of SlCPR-X2 in the indoxacarb-resistant strain. Furthermore, RNA interference and baculovirus expression system combined with MTT cytotoxicity assay demonstrated that only SlCPR-X1 with the N-terminal membrane anchor as the major CPR potentially involved in S. litura indoxacarb resistance. The outcome of this study further expands our understanding of the important role of insect CPR in xenobiotics detoxification and resistance development, and CPR could be a potential target for insecticide resistance management mediated by RNAi or CRISPR/Cas.


Assuntos
Resistência a Inseticidas , NADPH-Ferri-Hemoproteína Redutase , Animais , Resistência a Inseticidas/genética , NADPH-Ferri-Hemoproteína Redutase/genética , Oxazinas , Spodoptera/genética
3.
BMC Neurosci ; 22(1): 18, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The SCN11A gene, encoded Nav1.9 TTX resistant sodium channels, is a main effector in peripheral inflammation related pain in nociceptive neurons. The role of SCN11A gene in the auditory system has not been well characterized. We therefore examined the expression of SCN11A in the murine cochlea, the morphological and physiological features of Nav1.9 knockout (KO) ICR mice. RESULTS: Nav1.9 expression was found in the primary afferent endings beneath the inner hair cells (IHCs). The relative quantitative expression of Nav1.9 mRNA in modiolus of wild-type (WT) mice remains unchanged from P0 to P60. The number of presynaptic CtBP2 puncta in Nav1.9 KO mice was significantly lower than WT. In addition, the number of SGNs in Nav1.9 KO mice was also less than WT in the basal turn, but not in the apical and middle turns. There was no lesion in the somas and stereocilia of hair cells in Nav1.9 KO mice. Furthermore, Nav1.9 KO mice showed higher and progressive elevated ABR threshold at 16 kHz, and a significant increase in CAP thresholds. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest a role of Nav1.9 in regulating the function of ribbon synapses and the auditory nerves. The impairment induced by Nav1.9 gene deletion mimics the characters of cochlear synaptopathy.

4.
HLA ; 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745220

RESUMO

The novel HLA-A*11:396, -B*55:112, and -DQA1*01:01:08 alleles identified in the Zhuang ethnic population of China. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(2): 153-160, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641786

RESUMO

Fufang Danshen preparation (FDP) is consisted of Salviae Miltiorrhizar Radix et Rhizoma (Danshen), Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma (Sanqi) and Borneolum Syntheticum (borneol). FDP is usually used to treat myocardial ischemia hypoxia, cerebral ischemia and alzheimer's disease, etc. In the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases, borneol is usually used to promote the absorption and distribution of the bioactive components to proper organs, especially to the brain. The purpose of this study is investigating the effects of borneol on the pharmacokinetics and brain distribution of tanshinone IIA (TS IIA), salvianolic acid B (SAB) and ginsenoside Rg1 in FDP. Male healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were given Danshen extracts, Sanqi extracts (Panax notoginsengsaponins) or simultaneously administered Danshenextracts, Sanqi extracts and borneol. Plasma and brain samples were collected at different points in time. The concentration of TS IIA, SAB and Rg1 was determined by UPLC-MS/MS method. The main pharmacokinetics parameters of plasma and brain tissue were calculated by using Phoenix WinNolin 6.1 software. In comparison with Danshen and Sanqi alone, there were significant differences in pharmacokinetic parameters of TS IIA, SAB and Rg1, and the brain distribution of SAB and TS IIA when Danshen, Sanqi and borneol were administrated together. Borneol statistically significant shortened tmax of TS IIA, SAB and Rg1 in plasma and brain, increased the bioavaiability of Rg1, inhibited metabolism of Rg1 and enhanced the transport of TS IIA and SAB to brain. These results indicated that borneol could affect the multiple targets components and produce synergistic effects. Through accelerating the intestinal absorption and brain distribution, borneol caused the effective ingredients of Danshen and Sanqi to play a quicker therapeutic role and improved the therapeutic effect.

6.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646351

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the role of hepatic mosaic enhancement pattern (HMEP) on computed tomography images in the disease activity and therapeutic outcome of Crohn's Disease (CD). METHODS: Twenty-five CD patients with HMEP comprised the HMEP group, and 25 CD patients without HMEP, who had a similar onset age, sex, and disease course with those in the HMEP group, comprised the non-HMEP group. No underlying liver/biliary disease was observed in any of the patients. Clinical characteristics, laboratory test results, Lémann index, and CD endoscopic index of severity (CDEIS) were compared between the groups using the Student t-, Mann-Whitney U, Chi square, or Fisher's exact tests. Patients received top-down, step-up, or traditional treatment during the follow-up period. After the 1-year follow-up, therapeutic outcomes (active inflammation [CDEIS > 3.5 if the endoscopic data were available, or C-reactive protein level > 5 mg/L if the endoscopic data were unavailable] or remission) were evaluated. RESULTS: The occurrence rate of fistulas/abscesses was higher in the HMEP group (84%, 21/25) than in the non-HMEP group (48%, 12/25) with no statistical significance (P = 0.056). The HMEP group showed a higher C-reactive protein level (P = 0.001), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (P = 0.013), and blood platelet count (P = 0.005). There was no significant difference in therapeutic strategies between the groups (P = 0.509). The HMEP group showed a significantly lower remission ratio after anti-inflammatory treatment than the non-HMEP group (P = 0.045). CONCLUSIONS: HMEP was correlated with increased inflammatory activity and adverse therapeutic outcomes in CD. This finding provided insights regarding novel markers of CD diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(3): 229-235, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691914

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical effect of multi-oil fat emulsion for parenteral nutrition support in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for 49 ELBW infants who were admitted from January 1, 2018 to July 30, 2020, with an age of ≤14 days on admission and a duration of parenteral nutrition of > 14 days. According to the type of lipid emulsion received, the ELBW infants were divided into two groups: soybean oil, medium-chain triglycerides, olive oil, and fish oil (SMOF) (n=26) and medium-chain triglycerides/long-chain triglycerides (MCT/LCT) (n=23). The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, complications, nutrition support therapy, and outcome. RESULTS: The 49 ELBW infants had a mean birth weight of (892±83) g and a mean gestational age of (28.2±2.3) weeks. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence rates of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus, intraventricular hemorrhage, neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis, retinopathy of prematurity, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), grade Ⅲ BPD, sepsis, and pneumonia (P > 0.05). There was also no significant difference in the duration of parenteral nutrition, the age of total enteral nutrition, and head circumference/body length/body weight at discharge between the two groups (P > 0.05). Of all the infants, 22 (45%) had parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC), with 13 (50%) in the SMOF group and 9 (39%) in the MCT/LCT group but there was no significant difference in the incidence of PNAC between the two groups (P > 0.05); however, the infants with PNAC in the SMOF group had significantly lower peak values of direct bilirubin and alanine aminotransferase than those in the MCT/LCT group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The application of multi-oil fat emulsion in ELBW infants does not reduce the incidence rate of complications, but compared with MCT/LCT emulsion, SMOF can reduce the severity of PNAC in ELBW infants.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido de Peso Extremamente Baixo ao Nascer , Nutrição Parenteral , Peso ao Nascer , Emulsões , Emulsões Gordurosas Intravenosas , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos , Óleo de Soja
8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(3): 921-930, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754558

RESUMO

Fertilization is an effective way to improve soil quality, increase soil fertility and soil microbial diversity in paddy soil. To explore the changes of soil labile organic carbon (C) fractions and hydrolytic enzyme activity after 34 years fertilization treatments in a field experiment in double-cropping rice system of southern China. There were four treatments, including chemical fertilizer alone (MF), rice residue and chemical fertilizer (RF), 30% organic matter and 70% chemical fertilizer (OM), and the control without fertilizer input (CK). We measured soil organic carbon (SOC) content, soil labile organic C fractions, SOC related hydrolytic enzyme activity, correlation coefficients of soil enzyme activity with SOC content and its labile organic C fractions. The results showed that MF, RF and OM increased SOC content by 4.5%, 22.4% and 53.5%, respectively. Compared with MF and CK, RF and OM increased soil labile organic C fractions [cumulative C mineralization (Cmin), permanganate oxidizable C (KMnO4-C), particulate organic C (POC), dissolved organic C (DOC), light fraction organic C (LFOC), microbial biomass C (MBC)] and the proportion of each labile organic C fractions to total organic C. The contents of Cmin, KMnO4-C, POC, DOC, LFOC and MBC under OM treatment were 3.5, 3.1, 3.7, 1.9, 1.2 and 1.9 times higher than CK treatment, respectively. The proportion of labile organic C fractions to total organic C of RF and OM treatments was significantly higher than that in CK. The order of soil hydrolytic enzyme activity [α-glucosidase (αG), ß-glucosidase (ßG), ß-xylosidase (ßX), cellobiohydrolase (GBH), and N-acetyl-ß-glucosaminidase (NAG)] was OM>RF>MF>CK. The soil hydrolytic enzyme activity under OM treatment increased by 111.8%, 14.1%, 127.3%, 285.6% and 91.4% compared with CK, respectively. Furthermore, RF and OM treatments were beneficial to soil peroxidase (POD) activity. MF treatment was beneficial to soil polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity. There was a significant positive correlation between soil hydrolytic enzyme activity and SOC content and its labile organic C fractions. In conclusion, the combined application of organic manure, rice straw returning and chemical fertilizer is an effective method to improve soil labile organic C fractions and hydrolytic enzyme activity in a double-cropping rice paddy field of southern China.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Oryza , Agricultura , Carbono/análise , China , Fertilizantes/análise , Solo
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Modern Western diets are rich in acidogenic foods. Human and in vitro studies suggest a potential link between dietary acid load and cancer risk. However, no epidemiologic studies have investigated the association of dietary acid load with the risk of pancreatic cancer. Therefore, we conducted a prospective cohort study to fill this gap. METHODS: A population-based cohort of 95,708 American adults was identified. Potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP) were used to assess dietary acid load of each subject, with greater values indicating greater dietary acid load. Cox regression was used to estimate risk estimates for pancreatic cancer incidence. Predefined subgroup analysis was used to identify the potential effect modifiers. RESULTS: A total of 337 pancreatic cancer cases were observed during 848,534.0 person-years of follow-up. PRAL score was found to be positively associated with the risk of pancreatic cancer [fully adjusted HRquartile 4 vs. 1: 1.73; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.21-2.48; P trend = 0.001] in a nonlinear dose-response pattern (P nonlinearity = 0.012). Subgroup analysis found that the positive association of PRAL score with the risk of pancreatic cancer was more pronounced in subjects aged <65 years than in those ≥65 years (P interaction = 0.018). Similar results were obtained for NEAP score. CONCLUSIONS: Higher dietary acid load is associated with a higher risk of pancreatic cancer. Future studies should validate our findings in other populations and settings. IMPACTS: This is the first epidemiologic study suggesting that reducing dietary acid load may be useful in primary prevention of pancreatic cancer.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether asthma has an influence on contracting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) or having worse outcomes from COVID-19 disease. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence of asthma in patients with COVID-19 and the relationship between asthma and patients with COVID-19 with poor outcomes. METHODS: The pooled prevalence of asthma in patients with COVID-19 and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated. The pooled effect size (ES) was used to evaluate the association between asthma and patients with COVID-19 with poor outcomes. RESULTS: The pooled prevalence of asthma in patients with COVID-19 worldwide was 8.3% (95% CI, 7.6-9.0) based on 116 articles (119 studies) with 403,392 cases. The pooled ES based on unadjusted effect estimates revealed that asthma was not associated with reduced risk of poor outcomes in patients with COVID-19 (ES, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.78-1.06). Similarly, the pooled ES based on unadjusted effect estimates revealed that asthma was not associated with the reduced risk of mortality in patients with COVID-19 (ES, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.73-1.05). However, the pooled ES based on adjusted effect estimates indicated that asthma was significantly associated with reduced risk of mortality in patients with COVID-19 (ES 0.80, 95% CI 0.74-0.86). CONCLUSION: The pooled prevalence of asthma in patients with COVID-19 was similar to that in the general population, and asthma might be an independent protective factor for the death of patients with COVID-19, which suggests that we should pay high attention to patients co-infected asthma and COVID-19 and take locally tailored interventions and treatment. Further well-designed studies with large sample sizes are required to verify our findings.

11.
Brain Behav ; 11(4): e02059, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) tends to be treatment refractory. Recently, cognitive-coping therapy (CCT) for OCD is reported to be an efficacious psychotherapy. However, the underlying neurophysiological mechanism remains unknown. Here, the effects of CCT on OCD and the resting-state brain function were investigated. METHODS: Fifty-nine OCD patients underwent CCT, pharmacotherapy plus CCT (pCCT), or pharmacotherapy. Before and after a 4-week treatment, Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale (Y-BOCS) was evaluated and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) was scanned. RESULTS: Compared with the baseline, significant reduction of Y-BOCS scores was found after four-week treatment (p < .001) in groups of CCT and pCCT, not in pharmacotherapy. Post-treatment Y-BOCS scores of CCT group and pCCT group were not different, but significantly lower than that of pharmacotherapy group (p < .001). Compared with pretreatment, two clusters of brain regions with significant change in amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) were obtained in those who treated with CCT and pCCT, but not in those who received pharmacotherapy. The ALFF in cluster 1 (insula, putamen, and postcentral gyrus in left cerebrum) was decreased, while the ALFF in cluster 2 (occipital medial gyrus, occipital inferior gyrus, and lingual gyrus in right hemisphere) was increased after treatment (corrected p < .05). The changes of ALFF were correlated with the reduction of Y-BOCS score and were greater in remission than in nonremission. The reduction of the fear of negative events was correlated to the changes of ALFF of clusters and the reduction of Y-BOCS score. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of CCT for OCD was related to the alteration of resting-state brain function-the brain plasticity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR-IPC-15005969.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523381

RESUMO

Composting has become the most important way to recycle medicinal herbal residues (MHRs). The traditional composting method, adding a microbial agent at one time, has been greatly limited due to its low composting efficiency, mutual influence of microbial agents, and unstable compost products. This study was conducted to assess the effect of multi-phase inoculation on the lignocellulose degradation, enzyme activities, and fungal community during MHRs composting. The results showed that multi-phase inoculation treatment had the highest thermophilic temperature (68.2 °C) and germination index (102.68%), significantly improved available phosphorus content, humic acid, and humic substances concentration, accelerated the degradation of cellulose and lignin, and increased the activities of cellulase in the mature phase, xylanase, manganese peroxidase, and utilization of phenolic compounds. Furthermore, the non-metric multi-dimensional scaling showed that the composting process and inoculation significantly influenced fungal community composition. In multi-phase inoculation treatment, Thermomyces in mesophilic, thermophilic, and mature phase, unclassified_Sordariales, and Coprinopsis in mature phase were the dominant genus that might be the main functional groups to degrade lignocellulose and improve the MHRs composting process.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33585850

RESUMO

A new one-dimensional (1D) face-shared hybrid lead bromide of (2cepiH)PbBr3, which exhibits intrinsic broadband yellow-light emission with a quantum yield of 16.8% outperforming all previously reported 1D face-shared hybrid metal halides, is obtained. The origin of broadband emission and the coexistence of free excitons and self-trapped excitons are deeply investigated by variable-temperature photoluminescence spectra. Our work paves the way to discovering more wonderful light-emitting materials.

14.
Protein Expr Purif ; 181: 105836, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529762

RESUMO

Deubiquitinase USP20/VDU2 (VHL-interacting Deubiquitinating Enzyme 2) has been proved to play vital roles in multiple cellular processes by controlling the life-span of substrate proteins including hypoxia-inducible factor HIF1α, ß2-adrenergic receptor, and type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase etc. USP20 contains four distinct structural domains, which include the N-terminal zinc-finger ubiquitin binding domain (ZnF-UBP), the catalytic domain (USP domain), and two tandem DUSP domains (DUSP1 and DUSP2). Here in this study, we report the setting up of the production approach for USP20 DUSP2, and the NMR characterization of the produced target protein. With the assistance of GB1 tag and glycerol, both the solubility and stability of USP20 DUSP2 are significantly enhanced. And by using the optimized protein production procedure, monomeric and stable 15N, 13C-labeled USP20 DUSP2 sample for NMR data acquisition was obtained. The secondary structural elements of USP20 DUSP2 were then revealed by the analysis of recorded NMR spectra, and USP20 DUSP2 forms an AB3 fold in solution. The production protocol and NMR characterization results reported in this manuscript could be utilized in the extended structural and functional studies of USP20 DUSP2.

16.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 34(1): 9-18, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531103

RESUMO

Objective: The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population. Methods: The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models. Results: A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices). Conclusion: An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Assuntos
Índice Glicêmico , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Glicemia/análise , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Feminino , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630196

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Current studies on circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) have been focusing on its potential as biomarkers in liquid biopsy by detecting its content or genetic and epigenetic changes for the evaluation of tumor burden and therapeutic efficacy. However, the regulatory mechanism of cfDNA release remains unclear. Stat3 has been documented as an oncogene for the development and metastasis of breast cancer cells. In this study, we investigated whether Stat3 affects the release of cfDNA into blood and its association with the number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). METHODS: The cfDNA level in plasma of patients with breast cancer and healthy volunteers were determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Three mouse breast cancer models with different Stat3 expression were generated and used to established three breast cancer orthotopic animal models to examine the effect of Stat3 on cfDNA release in vivo. Stat3 mediated Epithelial-mesenchymal phenotype transition of CTCs was determined by immunofluorescence assay and Western blot assay. RESULTS: The data showed that Stat3 increased circulating cfDNA, which is correlated with the increased volume of primary tumors and number of CTCs, accompanied with the dynamic EMT changes regulated by Snail induction. Furthermore, the high level of total circulating cfDNA and Stat3-cfDNA in patients with breast cancer were detected by quantitative real-time PCR using GAPDH and Stat3 primers. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that Stat3 increases the circulating cfDNA and CTCs in breast cancer.

18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 111, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intra-articular (IA) magnesium (Mg) for postoperative pain relief after arthroscopic knee surgery. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane library, and Web of Science to identify randomized controlled trials that compared postoperative pain outcomes with or without IA Mg after knee arthroscopy. The primary outcomes were pain intensity at rest and with movement at different postoperative time points and cumulative opioid consumption within 24 h after surgery. Secondary outcomes included the time to first analgesic request and side effects. RESULTS: In total, 11 studies involving 677 participants met the eligibility criteria. Pain scores at rest and with movement 2, 4, 12, and 24 h after surgery were significantly lower, doses of supplementary opioid consumption were smaller, and the time to first analgesic requirement was longer in the IA Mg group compared with the control group. No significant difference was detected regarding adverse reactions between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Intra-articular magnesium is an effective and safe coadjuvant treatment for relieving postoperative pain intensity after arthroscopic knee surgery. Protocol registration at PROSPERO: CRD42020156403.

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