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1.
Opt Express ; 27(19): 26757-26771, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674551

RESUMO

We propose a method to design double smooth freeform surfaces applied in beam shaping with a ray mapping method in the paper. We couple the calculation of ray mapping and the construction of freeform surfaces to approach the surface normal field integrability condition based on the symplectic flow mapping scheme. In this paper, the incident beam wavefront is not limited to be planar or spherical. Several challenging design examples are presented that include transforming a circular Gaussian beam to an unconventional beam with variously shaped contour, and transforming an elliptic beam to a convergent beam with complex irradiance distribution in non-paraxial regime. The results show the high efficiency and feasibility of the proposed method in designing freeform optics for beam shaping applications.

2.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnostic efficacy of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CEMRI) in diagnosing residual or recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is currently not completely clear. PURPOSE: To investigate the diagnostic efficacy of CEMRI in detecting residual or recurrent HCCs after TACE by meta-analysis. STUDY TYPE: Systematic review and meta-analysis. POPULATION: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Ovid, and the Cochrane Library database up to June 2019 to find original studies on diagnosing patients suspected of residual or recurrent HCCs after TACE with CEMRI. Thirteen studies comprising 721 nodules were finally included. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1.5T or 3.0T, CEMRI. ASSESSMENT: Quality assessment of the included studies was performed by applying the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) tool. STATISTICAL TESTS: Sensitivity and specificity were pooled with a bivariate random-effects model. Heterogeneity was assessed by the chi-square test. The potential sources of heterogeneity were explored by subgroup and publication bias analyses. RESULTS: The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, diagnostic odds ratio, and area under the summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of CEMRI in diagnosing residual or recurrent HCCs after TACE were 91% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 87%-96%), 93% (95% CI: 85%-97%), 12.22 (95% CI: 5.62-26.57), 0.09 (95% CI: 0.05-0.18), 126.99 (95% CI: 34.76-436.99) and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.95-0.98), respectively. Subgroup analysis revealed that CEMRI performed significantly better in prospective studies than in retrospective studies: 0.99 (95% CI: 0.96-1.00) vs. 0.95 (95% CI: 0.92-0.96) with P < 0.05. DATA CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis suggested that CEMRI had high diagnostic efficacy in detecting residual or recurrent HCCs after TACE and may serve as an alternative method for further evaluation after TACE. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 5 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2.

3.
Sci Adv ; 5(10): eaax6550, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667347

RESUMO

Quantum oscillations provide a notable visualization of the Fermi surface of metals, including associated geometrical phases such as Berry's phase, that play a central role in topological quantum materials. Here we report the existence of a new quantum oscillation phase shift in a multiband system. In particular, we study the ABA-trilayer graphene, the band structure of which is composed of a weakly gapped linear Dirac band, nested within a quadratic band. We observe that Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) oscillations of the quadratic band are shifted by a phase that sharply departs from the expected 2π Berry's phase and is inherited from the nontrivial Berry's phase of the linear band. We find this arises due to an unusual filling enforced constraint between the quadratic band and linear band Fermi surfaces. Our work indicates how additional bands can be exploited to tease out the effect of often subtle quantum mechanical geometric phases.

4.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 185: 105138, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most threatening cardiovascular diseases for human beings, which can be diagnosed by electrocardiogram (ECG). Automated detection methods based on ECG focus on extracting handcrafted features. However, limited by the performance of traditional methods and individual differences between patients, it's difficult for predesigned features to detect MI with high performance. METHODS: The paper presents a novel method to detect and locate MI combining a multi-lead residual neural network (ML-ResNet) structure with three residual blocks and feature fusion via 12 leads ECG records. Specifically, single lead feature branch network is trained to automatically learn the representative features of different levels between different layers, which exploits local characteristics of ECG to characterize the spatial information representation. Then all the lead features are fused together as global features. To evaluate the generalization of proposed method and clinical utility, two schemes including the intra-patient scheme and inter-patient scheme are all employed. RESULTS: Experimental results based on PTB (Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt) database shows that our model achieves superior results with the accuracy of 95.49%, the sensitivity of 94.85%, the specificity of 97.37%, and the F1 score of 96.92% for MI detection under the inter-patient scheme compared to the state-of-the-art. By contrast, the accuracy is 99.92% and the F1 score is 99.94% based on 5-fold cross validation under the intra-patient scheme. As for five types of MI location, the proposed method also yields an average accuracy of 99.72% and F1 of 99.67% in the intra-patient scheme. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed method for MI detection and location has achieved superior results compared to other detection methods. However, further promotion of the performance based on MI location for the inter-patient scheme still depends significantly on the mass data and the novel model which reflects spatial location information of different leads subtly.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671411

RESUMO

Recently, a novel two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor, InSe, has attracted great attention due to its potential applications in optoelectronic devices and field effect transistors. In this study, phonon-limited mobility is investigated by the first-principles calculation. At 300 K, the intrinsic electron mobilities calculated from the electron-phonon coupling (EPC) matrix element are as high as µx=9.85×102(Zigzag direction) and µy=1.06×103cm2V-1s-1(Armchair direction), respectively. The deformation potential theory (DPT) based on longitudinal acoustic phonon and optical phonon scattering is also employed to investigate electron mobility. The mobility from optical phonon scattering is much higher than that from longitudinal acoustic phonon scattering. If the polarization characteristics of InSe are not considered, the electron mobility calculated from EPC matrix element is closed to that from the longitudinal acoustic phonon DPT. In this study, we have also investigated the effect of polarization properties in 2D InSe on electron mobility. At 300 K, the electron mobility for considering Fröhlich interaction is reduced to µx=2.96×102cm2V-1s-1 and µy=3.34×102cm2V-1s-1. Therefore, the electron mobility for InSe is controlled by the scattering from polar phonons. The mobility can be increased to µx=3.46×102and µy=3.78×102cm2V-1s-1under 4 % biaxial strain. This result is compared with the experiment, and some disagreements are explained.

6.
Anal Chem ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644866

RESUMO

Rectification of ionic current, a frequently observed phenomenon with asymmetric nanopores varying in geometry and/or surface charge, has been utilized for studies of microfluidic circuits, nanopore sensors, and energy conversion devices. However, the physics behind the rectification phenomenon deserves further analysis and the involved processes need renewed organization although the origin is known and numerous simulations based on the Poisson-Nernst-Planck formalism provide details of the observation. Here, we present an analytical model by identifying the causal chain connecting the key physical factors and processes leading to rectification: the charge present on the pore sidewalls causing the selectivity of ion fluxes through the pore, the selectivity inducing enrichment-depletion of ions around the pore, and the established ion concentration gradient rendering electric field redistribution in the pore. Our analytical model that considers nanopore geometry, surface charge density, and electrolyte concentration calculates the ionic current and corresponding rectification factor at given bias voltages. The model is validated by numerical simulations and the model results agree well with experimental data. It is, therefore, a useful tool not only for gaining physical insights into ionic current rectification, but also for providing practical guidelines in designing nanopore- and nanopipette-based ion sensors for a range of applications.

7.
Am J Chin Med ; : 1-16, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645125

RESUMO

The medicinal mushroom Antrodia cinnamomea has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory properties. However, the bioactive compounds in A. cinnamomea need further investigation. The present study aimed to understand the mechanism of action of antcamphin M, an ergostanoid isolated from A. cinnamomea mycelium and to clarify its underlying mechanisms of action. RAW264.7 cells were pretreated with the indicated concentrations of antcamphin M, prior to stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Cell viability, production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), cytokines, and chemokines, as well as the inflammation-related signaling pathways were investigated. The study revealed that antcamphin M significantly decreased the LPS-induced production of NO, PGE2, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and keratinocyte chemoattractant CXCL1 (KC), along with the levels of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) proteins without significant cytotoxicity, indicating it had a better anti-inflammatory activity than that of gisenoside Rb1 and Rg1. Additionally, antcamphin M significantly inhibited the activation of MAPKs (p38, ERK, and JNK), NFκB, and components of the NLRP3 inflammasome (NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1) signaling pathways and also increased the levels of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). These findings suggest that antcamphin M possesses potent anti-inflammatory activities and could be a potential candidate for the development of anti-inflammatory drugs.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17124, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574812

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Spasticity is the most common complication after stroke, which is the main obstacle in the recovery of motor function. Spasticity seriously affects the quality of life and brings a heavy burden to families and society. Acupuncture is an effective method for stroke. However, whether acupuncture is effective for poststroke spasticity is still unknown. The purpose of this systematic review (SR) is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for poststroke spasticity. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search the following databases from inception to July 2019: China Biology Medicine (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang Data, the Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database (VIP), PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. All relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) utilizing acupuncture for poststroke spasticity will be included. The primary outcome is the modified Ashworth scale. Secondary outcomes include composite spasticity scale, clinic spasticity index, electromyographic activity, Hoffmann reflex activity, or other spasticity-related outcomes. Study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment will be performed independently by 2 reviewers. Assessment of risk of bias and data synthesis will be conducted using Review Manager V5.3 software. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The ethical approval is not required since SR is based on published studies. The results of this SR will be published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal according to the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019129779.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Espasticidade Muscular/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Espasticidade Muscular/etiologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14997, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628365

RESUMO

The tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura, is an important pest of crop and vegetable plants worldwide, and its resistance to insecticides have quickly developed. However, the resistance mechanisms of this pest are still unclear. In this study, the change in mRNA and miRNA profiles in the susceptible, indoxacarb-resistant and field indoxacarb-resistant strains of S. litura were characterized. Nine hundred and ten co-up-regulated and 737 co-down-regulated genes were identified in the resistant strains. Further analysis showed that 126 co-differentially expressed genes (co-DEGs) (cytochrome P450, carboxy/cholinesterase, glutathione S-transferase, ATP-binding cassette transporter, UDP-glucuronosyl transferase, aminopeptidase N, sialin, serine protease and cuticle protein) may play important roles in indoxacarb resistance in S. litura. In addition, a total of 91 known and 52 novel miRNAs were identified, and 10 miRNAs were co-differentially expressed in the resistant strains of S. litura. Furthermore, 10 co-differentially expressed miRNAs (co-DEmiRNAs) had predicted co-DEGs according to the expected miRNA-mRNA negative regulation pattern and 37 indoxacarb resistance-related co-DEGs were predicted to be the target genes. These results not only broadened our understanding of molecular mechanisms of insecticide resistance by revealing complicated profiles, but also provide important clues for further study on the mechanisms of miRNAs involved in indoxacarb resistance in S. litura.

10.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1367-1373, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607285

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of miR-221 on the biological activity of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells and its mechanism. METHODS: Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMNC) were isolated from bone marrow samples of ALL children diagnosed in our hospital from May 2018 to November 2018. The cells were divided into control group, miR-221-NC group and miR-221 group. After transfection according to the instructions of Lipofectamine 2000 kit, the levels of miR-221 in each group were detected by RT-PCR. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effects of miR-221 on cell cycle and apoptosis. Transwell assay was used to detect cell migration and invasion. Western blot was used to detect the effects of miR-221 on proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Caspase 3, Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 proteins in BMNC. Luciferase reporter gene assay was used to detect the targeting relationship between miR-221 and Wnt gene. RESULT: The expression level of miR-221 in the miR-221 group was significantly higher than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). MTT assay showed that, after transfection for 2, 3, 4 and 5 days, the cell proliferation level in miR-221 group was significantly lower than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). The cell ratio of G0/G1 phase was (73.25±8.1)% in the miR-221 group, which was significantly higher than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05); moreover, the cell ratio of S phase in the miR-221 group was (12.37±1.6)%,which was significantly lower than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). The percentage of apoptotic cells in the miR-221 group was (24.68±3.87)%, which was significantly higher than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). Transwell cell invasion experiment showed that the number of invasive cells in the miR-221 group was 23.42±3.62, which was significantly lower than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). Transwell cell migration assay showed that the number of migrating cells in the miR-221 group was 34.86±5.32, which was significantly lower than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). The relative level of PCNA, Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 in the miR-221 group was 0.26±0.03, 0.17±3.61 and 0.14±0.02, respectively, which was significantly lower than those in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05), while the relative level of Caspase-3 in the miR-221 group was 0.37±0.05, which was significantly higher than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). Luciferase reporter assay showed that the activity of luciferase in Wnt wild type plasmid was significantly inhibited by miR-221 (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: miR-221 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of BMNC, moreover can promote cell apoptosis, which may be related with the inhibition of Wnt/ß- catenin signaling pathway.

11.
Environ Mol Mutagen ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661565

RESUMO

The long noncoding RNA CARLo-5 is dysregulated in multiple types of human cancers. High CARLo-5 is a promising predictive factor for various cancers, including endometrial carcinoma (EC). Our previous study showed that the expression level of CARLo-5 was associated with advanced FIGO stage (The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics), lymph node metastasis and the poor survival of patients with EC. In the present study, we demonstrated that downregulation of CARLo-5 could affect the proliferation, cell cycle, migration and invasion of EC cell lines HEC-1B and KLE cells. The oncogenic activity of CARLo-5 was also confirmed with in vivo data. Mechanistically, CARLo-5 could affect the expression of CDK/CDKN1A and MMP2/9, which have been reported to be regulated by CARLo-5 and associated with cell cycle and motility. In conclusion, this study is the first to discover the biological function and mechanism of CARLo-5 in regulating biological characteristics of EC cells. Targeting CARLo-5 and its pathway may provide new biomarkers or potential therapies for patients with EC. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
Autism Res ; 2019 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657124

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia (SZ) are both associated with response inhibition impairment. However, the relative pattern of deficits in these two disorders remains unclear. Twenty-three male children with ASD, 23 male children with SZ, and 32 typically developing male controls were recruited to complete a set of tasks measuring response inhibition in the visual, auditory, and verbal domains. We found that visual, auditory, and verbal response inhibitions were impaired in both children with ASD and children with SZ. Compared with typically developing controls, children with ASD made more commission errors whereas children with SZ responded much slower in the visual response inhibition task. Both clinical groups showed comparable impairment in verbal response inhibition, but children with SZ were more impaired in auditory response inhibition than children with ASD. These different patterns of response inhibition deficit between male children with ASD and SZ may help to differentiate between these two disorders and may be potential targets for intervention. Autism Res 2019, 00: 1-8. © 2019 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. LAY SUMMARY: In this study, we found that male children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) made more commission errors whereas male children with schizophrenia (SZ) responded much slower in the visual response inhibition task. Both clinical groups exhibited comparable impairments in verbal response inhibition, but male children with SZ were more impaired in auditory response inhibition than male children with ASD. Our findings provide potential targets for intervention.

13.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591525

RESUMO

Solid-state nanopore technology presents an emerging single-molecule-based analytical tool for the separation and analysis of nanoparticles. Different approaches have been pursued to attain the anticipated detection performance. Here, we report the rectification behaviour of protein translocation through silicon-based truncated pyramidal nanopores. When the size of translocating proteins is comparable to the smallest physical constriction of the nanopore, the frequency of translocation events observed is lower for proteins that travel from the larger to the small opening of the nanopore than for those that travel in the reverse direction. When the proteins are appreciably smaller than the nanopore, an opposite rectification in the frequency of translocation events is evident. The maximum rectification factor achieved is around ten. Numerical simulations reveal the formation of an electro-osmotic vortex in such asymmetric nanopores. The vortex-protein interaction is found to play a decisive role in rectifying the translocation in terms of polarity and amplitude. The reported phenomenon can be potentially exploitable for the discrimination of various nanoparticles.

14.
HLA ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603282

RESUMO

The new HLA-A*11:01:01:16, -B*15:548, -DPA1*02:02:02:06Q, -DPA1*02:02:08, and -DPA1*02:25 alleles in Chinese Mongolians. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 157: 107872, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593745

RESUMO

AIMS: Although hypertension (HTN) is the high comorbidity of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and known to be a vascular risk factor for brain damage, the effects of HTN on brain function in T2DM patients are not well understood. Present study was performed to investigate whether HTN might accelerate the Cerebral cortical thickness (CT) alterations in patients with T2DM. METHODS: We enrolled 35 participants with only T2DM, 25 T2DM patients with HTN (HT2DM) and 28 healthy controls (HCs). The cognitive function was assessed and brain image data was collected then the CT was calculated for each participant. Partial correlations between the CT of each brain region and standard laboratory testing data and neuropsychological scale scores were also analyzed. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to evaluated the vascular risk factors and brain regions with different CT in HT2DM patients. RESULTS: Cognitive impairment is associated with thinning of the cerebral cortical thickness reduction in T2DM patients. CT thinning in the left inferior parietal lobe, left posterior cingulate and right precuneus were observed in HT2DM group relative to only T2DM group. Furthermore, the CT decreasing in the right precuneus was negatively correlated with duration of HTN. CONCLUSION: The current study revealed that coexistent HTN may accelerate the CT reduction in T2DM patients.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637918

RESUMO

Electrocatalytic N2 reduction is one of the most promising ways for green and sustainable production of NH3. However, a mechanistic understanding of the N2 reduction process remains very limited. Herein, a surface-hydrogenation mechanism for the N2 reduction reaction is proposed, which can well address the recently emerged sharp discrepancies between experiments and computations. Our results reveal that surface hydrogenation can drive N2 reduction reaction on catalysts with weak N2-binding strength (i.e., noble-metal catalysts) at low potentials. Instead of N2 adsorption, the reduction of H+ is found to be the first step, which is also the potential determining step of the whole process. N2 can be activated and reduced into *N2H2 subsequently by overcoming relatively high energy barriers, which determines the total reaction rate. Moreover, the cooperative effect of surface *H and the catalysts plays a key role in the activation of N2. Our work not only provides new insights into the N2 reduction reaction, but also paves a promising way for advancing sustainable NH3 production.

18.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 868, 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare malignancy with poor prognosis that generally involves the peritoneum. Its diagnosis can be achieved only by immunohistochemistry and cytogenetic studies. CASE PRESENTATION: In the current report, a 55-year-old female was admitted in our hospital for evaluation of right eye epiphora and right nasal intermittent bleeding. Imaging examination revealed a large soft tissue mass in the right nasal cavity and ethmoid sinus. After an explorative surgery, the pathological findings confirmed the presentation of sinonasal DSRCT. Immunohistochemistry and cytogenetic studies confirmed the diagnosis of DSRCT in this patient. Surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy was performed, and she died 2 months after operation. CONCLUSION: This reported case draws attention to the importance of novel treatments and including DSRCT in the differential diagnosis of sinonasal tumors.

19.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(8): 686-691, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study clinical effects of double plating through different approaches for communicated and obvious osteoporosis periprosthetic femoral fracture following total knee arthroplasty(TKA). METHODS: From July 2010 to June 2017, 21 patients with periprosthetic femoral fracture following TKA were divided into two groups according to operative approach. Fifteen patients in medial and lateral double approaches group, including 5 males and 10 females aged from 63 to 79 years old with an average of (67.2±5.9) years old; 11 patients were type 33-A2 and 4 patients were type 33-A3 according to AO-OTA classification; 12 patients injured by falling down and 3 patients by traffic accident; treated with double plating. Six patients in medial parapatellar approach group, including 3 males and 3 females, aged from 61 to 74 years old with an average of (64.6±6.0) years old; 3 patients were type 33-A2 and 3 patients were type 33-A3 according to AO-OTA classification; 5 patients injured by falling down and 1 patient by traffic accident; treated with double plating. Operative time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, fracture healing time were compared between two groups; HSS score and radiology at 3 and 12 months were compared between two groups. RESULTS: All patients were followed up, and the follow-up time of bilateral approaches group ranged from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.2±2.6 ) months, while the follow-up time of single approach group ranged from 12 to 16 months with an average of (12.6±2.5) months, and there was no statistical difference between two groups. The operative time and postoperative drainage in bilateral approaches group were (107.2±10.4) min and (213.9±30.4) ml, while in sigle approach group was (95.4±12.8) min and (256.8±34.2) ml, and the differences were significant(P<0.05). There were no significant difference in blood loss and fracture healing time(P>0.05). HHS score at 3 and 12 months after operation in bilateral approach were 82.9±5.7 and 84.8±7.1, while in single approach group were 83.6±6.1 and 86.3±6.8; there was no statistical difference in HSS score between two groups(P>0.05). According to HSS score at 12 months after operation, 2 cases got excellent results and 13 good in bilateral approaches group; 1 case got excellent result and 4 good and 1 moderate in single approach group; but there was no statistical difference between two groups (χ²=2.625, P=0.105). There wase no significant differences in complications between bilateral approaches group(2 cases) and single approach group (1 case)(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Double plating technique for communicated and obvious osteoporosis periprosthetic femoral fracture following TKA could obtain good function of knee joint. The medial parapatellar approach has shorter operative time, while the bilateral approaches had less drainage.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Fraturas do Fêmur , Fraturas Periprotéticas , Idoso , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis ; 36(7): 1146-1151, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503952

RESUMO

By using the technique of integration within ordered product of operators, we put forward the combinatorial optical complex wavelet-fractional Fourier transform in the context of quantum optics. The unitary operator for this new transform is found and its normally ordered form is deduced. We apply this new transform to the two-mode vacuum state and the two-mode number state and explain that it can be used to analyze and identify various quantum optical states.

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