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1.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(11)2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829269

RESUMO

Fibrodontia is a genus of wood-inhabiting fungi consisting of four species so far, including F. gossypina as generic type. Two new species, Fibrodontia austrosinensis and F. subalba, are described and illustrated from China. Fibrodontia austrosinensis from southwestern China is characterized by a grandinioid to odontioid hymenophore with numerous small aculei, a dimitic hyphal system with scattered, smooth skeletal hyphae and ellipsoid basidiospores measuring 4.2-5.2 × 3.5-4.5 µm. Fibrodontia subalba from the West Tianshan Mountain in northwestern China is distinguished by an odontioid to hydnoid hymenophore, a dimitic hyphal system, and ellipsoid basidiospores measuring 3.7-4.4 × 2.8-3.4 µm. The phylogenies inferred from the data set of nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS) and D1-D2 domains of nuc 28S rDNA (28S), and that of ITS, 28S, translation elongation factor (tef1α), and RNA polymerase II second largest subunit (rpb2) supported Fibrodontia as a monophyletic genus in the Trechisporales, and F. austrosinensis and F. subalba as separate lineages within Fibrodontia. Multi-rate Poisson Tree Processes, Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery and genetic distance methods based on ITS sequences of Fibrodontia also supported F. austrosinensis and F. subalba as distinct species. The taxonomic status of F. fimbriata that was recently transferred from Cystidiodendron, is briefly discussed. A key to all six known species of Fibrodontia is provided.

2.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(10): 11287-11301, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786058

RESUMO

Changes in bacteria and virions are associated with colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the fungal microbiota in the intestines of CRC patients remains largely unexamined. We identified differences in the intestinal fungal microbiota between healthy persons and patients with colorectal polyps or CRC. Using second-generation sequencing technology, we sequenced and aligned the ITS1 regions of fungi collected from fecal samples. We found a significant increase in the Candida albicans levels in the guts of CRC patients. Dectin-1 is a C-type lectin receptor that recognizes ß-1,3-glucan in the cell walls of most fungi and is expressed by many cell types, including dendritic cells, macrophages, and monocytes. However, the mechanisms controlling the expressions and functions of dectin-1 in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) remain unclear. Furthermore, the putative effects of C. albicans on IECs are unknown. C. albicans induces the proliferation of IECs by activating the Wnt signaling pathway, and the Wnt pathway contributes to the development of CRC. Mice infected with C. albicans show an activation of the Wnt pathway. Therefore, IECs may recognize the activation of the Wnt pathway by C. albicans through dectin-1 to promote the development of CRC.

3.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the more severe form of metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), and no pharmacologic treatment approved as yet. Identification of novel therapeutic targets and their agents are critical to overcome the current inadequacy of drug treatment for NASH. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The correlation between heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) levels and the development of NASH and the target genes of HSF1 in hepatocyte were revealed by chromatin-immunoprecipitation sequencing. The effects and mechanisms of SYSU-3d in alleviating NASH were examined in relevant cell models and mouse models (the Ob/Ob mice, high-fat and high-cholesterol diet, the methionine-choline deficient diet fed mice). The drug-like properties of SYSU-3d in vivo were evaluated. KEY RESULTS: HSF1 is progressively reduced with mitochondrial dysfunction in NASH pathogenesis and activation of this transcription factor by its newly-identified activator SYSU-3d efficiently ameliorated all manifestations of NASH in mice. When activated, the phosphorylated HSF1 (Ser326) translocated to nucleus and bound to the promoter of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) to induce mitochondrial biogenesis, thus increasing mitochondrial adaptive oxidation and inhibiting oxidative stress. The deletion of HSF1 and PGC-1α or recovery of HSF1 in HSF1-deficiency cells revealed the HSF1/PGC-1α metabolic axis mainly responsible for the anti-NASH effects of SYSU-3d independent of adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK). CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Activation of HSF1 is a practicable therapeutic approach for NASH treatment via the HSF1/PGC-1α/mitochondrial axis, and SYSU-3d would take into consideration as a potential candidate for the treatment of NASH.

4.
Int J Phytoremediation ; : 1-13, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775850

RESUMO

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and earthworms have potential uses in the bioremediation of contaminated soils. In recent years, heavy metal-contaminated sites have been remediated by adding plants and AMF or earthworms to the soil. However, there are few studies on remediation using combinations of plants, animals, and microbes, especially for the remediation of Cu-contaminated soil. The present study investigated the separate and combined effects of AMF and earthworms on Cu-contaminated soil in which Tagetes patula L. was grown. The results show that the combined application of AMF and earthworms markedly increased the biomass of plant shoots and roots by more than 100%. It also increased Cu extraction by T. patula by 270%. The combined treatment was effective in increasing the CEC, contents of OM, and available Cu, P and K, but reduced the soil pH. Furthermore, the combined treatment significantly increased the abundance and diversity of the soil microbial community. In particular, the abundances of the bacteria Bacteroides, Proteobacteria, and Actinobacteria were increased, with the genera Flavobacterium, Pedobacter, Algoriphagus, Gaetbulibacter, Pseudomonas, Luteimonas, and Arthrobacter dominating. Meanwhile, the abundance of the fungus Zygomycota was increased, with Mortierella dominating. Moreover, inoculation with earthworms greatly improved the structure of the soil microbial community.

5.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(44): 12214-12227, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726915

RESUMO

The environment surrounding a chromophore can dramatically affect the energy absorption and relaxation process, as manifested in optical spectra. Simulations of nonlinear optical spectroscopy, such as two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy (2DES) and transient absorption (TA), will be influenced by the computational model of the environment. We here compare a fixed point charge molecular mechanics model and a quantum mechanical (QM) model of the environment in computed 2DES and TA spectra of Nile red in water and the chromophore of photoactive yellow protein (PYP) in water and protein environments. In addition to simulating these nonlinear optical spectra, we directly juxtapose the computed excitation energy correlation function to the dynamic Stokes shift function often used to analyze environment dynamics. Overall, we find that for the three systems studied here the mutual electronic polarization provided by the QM environment manifests in broader 2DES signals, as well as a larger reorganization energy and a larger static Stokes shift due to stronger coupling between the chromophore and the environment.

6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nitinol-containing devices are widely used in clinical practice. However, there are concerns about nickel release after nitinol-containing device implantation. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of a parylene-coated occluder vs. a traditional nitinol-containing device for atrial septal defect (ASD). METHODS: One-hundred-and-eight patients with ASD were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to either the trial group to receive a parylene-coated occluder (n = 54) or the control group to receive a traditional occluder (n = 54). The plugging success rate at 6 months after device implantation and the pre- and post-implantation serum nickel levels were compared between the two groups. A non-inferiority design was used to prove that the therapeutic effect of the parylene-coated device was non-inferior to that of the traditional device. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel chi-squared test with adjustment for central effects was used for the comparison between groups. RESULTS: At 6 months after implantation, successful ASD closure was achieved in 52 of 53 patients (98.11%) in both the trial and control groups (95% confidence interval (CI): [-4.90, 5.16]) based on per-protocol set analysis. The absolute value of the lower limit of the 95% CI was 4.90%, which was less than the specified non-inferiority margin of 8%. No deaths or severe complications occurred during 6 months of follow-up. The serum nickel levels were significantly increased at 2 weeks and reached the maximum value at 1 month after implantation in the control group (P < 0.05 vs. baseline). In the trial group, there was no significant difference in the serum nickel level before vs. after device implantation (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of a parylene-coated ASD occluder is non-inferior to that of a traditional uncoated ASD occluder. The parylene-coated occluder prevents nickel release after device implantation and may be an alternative for ASD, especially in patients with a nickel allergy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617232

RESUMO

Metallothioneins (MTs) are small, cysteine-rich, heavy metal-binding proteins involved in metal homeostasis and detoxification. The increasing numbers of available genomic sequences of ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi enable deeper insights into the characteristics of MT genes in these fungi that form the most important symbiosis with the host trees in forest ecosystems. The aim of this study was to establish a comprehensive, genome-wide inventory of MT genes from the ECM fungus Laccaria bicolor. Eight MT genes in L. bicolor were cloned, and the expression patterns of their transcripts at various developmental stages based on expressed sequence tag (EST) counts were analyzed. The expression levels of four MTs were significantly increased during symbiosis stages. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that transcripts of LbMT1 were dominant in free-living mycelia and strongly induced by excessive copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). To determine whether these eight MTs functioned as metal chelators, we expressed them in the Cu- and Cd-sensitive yeast mutants, cup1∆ and yap1∆, respectively. All LbMT proteins provided similar levels of Cu(II) or Cd(II) tolerance, but did not affect by H2O2. Our findings provide novel data on the evolution and diversification of fungal MT gene duplicates, a valuable resource for understanding the vast array of biological processes in which these proteins are involved.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(13): 136802, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623865

RESUMO

The topology of quantum systems has become a topic of great interest since the discovery of topological insulators. However, as a hallmark of the topological insulators, the spin Chern number has not yet been experimentally detected. The challenge to directly measure this topological invariant lies in the fact that this spin Chern number is defined based on artificially constructed wave functions. Here we experimentally mimic the celebrated Bernevig-Hughes-Zhang model with cold atoms, and then measure the spin Chern number with the linear response theory. We observe that, although the Chern number for each spin component is ill defined, the spin Chern number measured by their difference is still well defined when both energy and spin gaps are nonvanished.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657264

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) in agricultural soils can be absorbed by wheat and transferred into the grains, risking human health. In order to find the optimal foliar treatment method to reduce Cd accumulation in wheat grain, nineteen single-factor foliar treatments and multi-factor combination treatments were used to study the effects of different foliar sprays on Cd accumulation of wheat grain. The results showed that the foliar application of ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA), selenium (Se), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) can significantly reduce Cd concentration in wheat grains by 49.2%, 29.6%, and 28.8%, respectively, in the field. Foliar application of EDTA, Se, zinc (Zn), ascorbic acid (ASC), silicon (Si), and molybdenum (Mo) can significantly reduce Cd concentration of wheat grains by 32.3%, 32.0%, 27.7%, 27.7%, 26.3%, and 25.9%, respectively, in pot experiment. Foliar application of 2 mM EDTA and 2 mM Se exerted excellent effects on controlling the Cd accumulation of wheat grains both in pot and field experiment. Foliar application with 0.1 mM Se or 2 mM EDTA significantly reduced Cd concentrations in grains both in grain filling stage and heading + grain filling stage. Spraying at the filling stage has a better effect on reducing Cd concentration in grains than spraying at the heading stage. In addition, the relationship between Cd concentration in grains and husks was significantly positive, while the Cd concentration in grains and flag leaves was significantly negative. Our research proves that foliar spraying of Se and EDTA is feasible to reduce the Cd concentration in wheat grains, which provides technical guidance for the safe production of wheat in low-Cd-contaminated soils.

10.
Pak J Med Sci ; 37(6): 1641-1646, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712298

RESUMO

Objective: The study used the optimized nuclear regression reconstruction algorithm to explore the value of three-dimensional perineal ultrasound evaluation of the effect of caesarean delivery and caesarean section on the anal sphincter complex of primipara. Methods: This study performed three-dimensional perineal ultrasound scanning of the anal sphincter complex of 157 primiparas 42 days after delivery. Among them, 77 were in caesarean delivery (spontaneous delivery group) and 80 were in caesarean section (caesarean delivery group) from September 2018 to December 2020 in our hospital. The thickness of the end plane, the middle plane, the distal plane and the distal plane of the external anal sphincter at 3, 6, 9, 12 o'clock direction, and measure the thickness of the central plane of the pubic rectum muscle at 4, 8 o'clock direction. At the same time, the study used tomography and volume contrast imaging to observe the morphology and integrity of the anal sphincter complex. Results: The thickness of the distal anal sphincter at the 12 o'clock direction, the proximal anal sphincter at 6, 12 o'clock, and the central plane at 9 and 12 o'clock in the obstetric group were smaller than those in the caesarean section group (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the thickness of the remaining anal internal and external anal sphincter and puborectalis muscles between the two groups in different directions (all P> 0.05). In the obstetric group, a perineal sphincter defect was found via three-dimensional perineal ultrasound. Conclusion: The delivery method has a certain influence on the shape of the anal sphincter complex. The thickness of the internal and external anal sphincter of the primiparous women in a certain direction is significantly smaller than that of caesarean section. Transperineally three-dimensional ultrasound can clearly show the morphological characteristics and integrity of the anal sphincter complex, and diagnose the defect of the anal sphincter complex.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 735082, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712708

RESUMO

Background: Peripheral biomarkers may be affected by various factors, their reliability in reflecting local cardiac inflammatory status in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) needs further exploration. This prospective study was aimed to investigate the relationship between circulating biomarkers and local cardiac inflammation measured by epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) activity via 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) imaging in AF patients. Methods: From 2017 to 2018, 83 AF patients [43 persistent AF (PsAF) and 40 paroxysmal AF (PAF)] referred for radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) were recruited. Pre- and post-RFCA blood samples were collected to measure IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-18, TNF-α, Hsp27, Hsp60, Hsp70, PDGF-BB, MMP-2, MMP-9, MPO, TGF-ß1, Gal-3, and sST2. Pre-RFCA FDG images were obtained to assess EAT activity. Sixty-seven patients (35 PAF and 32 PsAF) received RFCA were regularly followed for 27 (24, 29) months. Results: Higher hsCRP and IL-6 and lower TGF-ß1 were demonstrated in PsAF patients compared with PAF patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that Gal-3 (OR: 1.221, 95% CI: 1.024-1.456, P = 0.026) and MPO (OR: 1.002, 95% CI: 1.001-1.003, P = 0.027) were independently correlated with EAT activity. The percentage decrease of Hsp60 linearly correlated with that of EAT activity post-RFCA (Spearman r s = 0.455, P = 0.019). Seventeen patients (10 PsAF and 7 PAF) had AF recurrence, but none of the selected biomarkers were predictive of post-RFCA recurrence. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that in patients with AF, Gal-3 correlated with local cardiac inflammation, and Hsp60 was associated with the alleviation of cardiac inflammation after RFCA.

12.
Front Genome Ed ; 3: 670529, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713259

RESUMO

Recent advances in the development of CRISPR-Cas genome editing technologies have made it possible to perform targeted mutagenesis and precise gene replacement in crop plants. CRISPR-Cas9 and CRISPR-Cas12a are two main types of widely used genome editing systems. However, when CRISPR-Cas12a editing machinery is expressed from a transgene, some chromosomal targets encountered low editing frequency in important crops like maize and soybean. Here, we report efficient methods to directly generate genome edited lines by delivering Cas12a-gRNA ribonucleoprotein complex (RNP) to immature maize embryos through particle bombardment in an elite maize variety. Genome edited lines were obtained at ~7% frequency without any selection during regeneration via biolistic delivery of Cas12a RNP into immature embryos. Strikingly, the gene editing rate was increased to 60% on average and up to 100% in some experiments when the Cas12a RNP was co-delivered with a PMI selectable marker gene cassette and the induced callus cultures were selected with mannose. We also show that use of higher activity Cas12a mutants resulted in improved editing efficiency in more recalcitrant target sequence. The advances described here provide useful tools for genetic improvement of maize.

13.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 17(11): 7178-7186, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648713

RESUMO

Spectroscopy is an indispensable tool for understanding the structures and dynamics of molecular systems. However, computational modeling of spectroscopy is challenging due to the exponential scaling of computational complexity with system sizes unless drastic approximations are made. Quantum computers could potentially overcome these classically intractable computational tasks, but the existing approaches using quantum computers to simulate spectroscopy can only handle isolated and static molecules. In this work, we develop a workflow that combines multi-scale modeling and a time-dependent variational quantum algorithm to compute the linear spectroscopy of systems interacting with their condensed-phase environment via the relevant time correlation function. We demonstrate the feasibility of our approach by numerically simulating the UV-vis absorption spectra of organic semiconductors. We show that our dynamical approach captures several spectral features that are otherwise overlooked by static methods. Our method can be directly used for other linear condensed-phase spectroscopy and could potentially be extended to nonlinear multi-dimensional spectroscopy.

14.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(8): 9175-9181, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, bronchoscopic procedures have become more complex and sophisticated, as well as more extensively used. This study aimed to evaluate the safety, particularly the hemorrhage risk, of patients undergoing bronchoscopic examinations or treatments. METHODS: This retrospective study consisted of inpatients and outpatients who underwent bronchoscopic examinations or treatments in our respiratory department between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2019. We collected and analyzed the patient and bronchoscopic data. RESULTS: Among the 45,734 patients who underwent diagnostic or therapeutic bronchoscopies, the severe complication rate was 0.85%, and the mortality was 0.01%. The severe complication rates varied significantly among the types of bronchoscopic procedures; the rate was higher with therapeutic bronchoscopies than with exploratory examination or biopsy bronchoscopies. Bleeding was the most common severe complication, and it occurred more frequently with biopsies in the left upper lobe and the bronchus intermedius, but its incidence decreased as the number of biopsies increased above one. CONCLUSIONS: Although bronchoscopic procedures have become more complex and sophisticated, bronchoscopies are still well tolerated. However, precautions should be taken because hemorrhaging and pneumothorax remain potential complications, and they can be fatal.

15.
Curr Med Imaging ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scapula is a small irregular-shaped flat bone, which may suffer from a variety of tumors or tumor-like lesions. Because the imaging manifestations are complex and changeable, correct imaging diagnosis is difficult. INTRODUCTION: At present, there are few related radiology literatures, and it is necessary to fully analyze the imaging signs of different types of benign and malignant tumors in scapula to guide clinical treatment. This study was to investigate clinical and imaging presentations of tumors and tumor-like lesions in the scapula so as to increase the diagnostic accuracy of diseases in the scapula. METHODS: Patients with scapular tumors confirmed by pathology were enrolled. The imaging and clinical data were analyzed. RESULT: Among 108 patients, benign tumors were in 53 (49.1%) cases, intermediate in seven (6.5%), and malignant in 48 (44.4%) involving 16 diseases. Osteochondroma was the first benign tumors in 45 cases accounting for 84.9% of all benign scapular tumors followed by chondroma in four cases (7.5%). The intermediate tumors were mainly eosinophilic granuloma in four cases. Metastatic tumors were the commonest malignant tumor (27 cases or 56.2% of all malignant tumors), followed by chondrosarcoma (in 13 cases). Except for the one case of chondroblastoma in which the lesion involved the glenoid cavity, all the other cartilaginous tumors were located in the scapular body and processes. The type of lesions in the bony processes is the same as in the scapular body, the common lesions in the central area of body were malignant tumors, and the commonest lesions in the glenoid area were metastasis. Common imaging features of malignant scapular tumors were ill-defined margins, cortical destruction and soft tissue involvement. The imaging features of chondrosarcoma lack specificity except calcification. Benign lesions usually had clear boundary and marginal sclerosis. CONCLUSION: A wide variety of benign and malignant tumors may occur in the scapula with mostly cartilaginous and metastatic tumors, and the location and distribution of lesions are similar in the scapula to those in the long bones.

16.
Int J Clin Pract ; : e14900, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546617

RESUMO

AIM: This meta-analysis aimed to explore potential risk factors for severe Covid-19. METHODS: We systemically and comprehensively retrieved the eligible study evaluating clinical differences between severe vs non-severe Covid-19. Main effect sizes were demographic characteristics, comorbidities, signs and symptoms, laboratory findings as well as radiological features of chest CT. RESULTS: A total of 2566 Covid-19 people (771 in the severe group and 1795 in the non-severe group) from 14 studies were eligible for this meta-analysis. It was demonstrated that older age and males were more likely to have severe Covid-19. Patients with underlying comorbidities, such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and COPD were significantly more susceptible to severe Covid-19. Patients with dyspnoea were more likely to be severely ill. Depressed total lymphocytes were observed in this article. Meanwhile, although reticulation (30.8%), intrathoracic lymph node enlargement (20.5%) and pleural effusions (30.8%) were relatively infrequent, meta-analysis revealed that patients with these presentations in chest CT were associated with increased risk of severe Covid-19. CONCLUSIONS: There are significant differences in clinical characteristics between the severe and non-severe Covid-19 patients. Many factors are related to the severity of the disease, which can help clinicians to differentiate severe patients from non-severe patients.

17.
Cell Biosci ; 11(1): 177, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although recent molecular analyses have improved our knowledge regarding gastric cancer (GC) biology, the molecular mechanisms that confer metastatic potential to GC remain poorly understood. In this study, we intend to explore the function and characterize the underlying mechanism of long noncoding RNA RNF144A-AS1 in GC metastasis and outgrowth. METHODS: The expression of RNF144A-AS1, miR-30c-2-3p, and Lysyl oxidase (LOX) was detected by quantitative real-time PCR assay. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and subcellular fractionation assay determined the cellular localization of RNF144A-AS1. Cell counting kit 8 assay, transwell assay, and tube formation assay were performed to detect the effect on cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis, respectively. Animal models were also applied to verify the effect on tumor metastasis, outgrowth, and angiogenesis. Bioinformatic analysis, luciferase reporter assay, and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay explored the interactions among RNF144A-AS1, miR-30c-2-3p, and LOX. Gene regulation was further validated by knockdown of Dicer or mutating the miRNA binding sites on RNF144A-AS1 and LOX 3'UTR. Cells were treated with recombinant human TGF-ß1 (Transforming Growth Factor ß1) to explore the effect of TGF-ß1 on RNF144A-AS1. Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect protein expression. RESULTS: The expression of RNF144A-AS1 was significantly upregulated in GC tissues and was associated with poor prognosis and later-stage diseases. Hypoxia stimulated the expression of RNF144A-AS1 in a HIF-1α-independent manner. Additionally, RNF144A-AS1 was also induced by TGF-ß1. Loss and gain of function assays revealed that RNF144A-AS1 promoted tumor metastasis, angiogenesis, and proliferation. Mechanism exploration indicated RNF144A-AS1 served as a microRNA decoy of miR-30c-2-3p to release LOX. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis further suggested LOX and RNF144A-AS1 were enriched in the same gene sets, emphasizing the internal mechanism connection between these two genes. CONCLUSIONS: TGF-ß1- and hypoxia-inducible RNF144A-AS1 promoted tumor metastasis, angiogenesis, and proliferation through targeting the miR-30c-2-3p/LOX axis in GC, highlighting the value of the RNF144A-AS1/miR-30c-2-3p/LOX axis in therapeutic interventions of GC.

18.
Int J Phytoremediation ; : 1-9, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493098

RESUMO

Sedum alfredii and Sedum plumbizincicola typically have high heavy metal (such as Zn and Cd) accumulation capacities with fast growth rates and relatively high Pb tolerance in contaminated soils. We compared the accumulation characteristics of heavy metals in Sedum species through meta-analysis. Furthermore, we analyzed the effects of soil organic matter (SOM) and soil pH on Cd, Pb and Zn accumulation by S. alfredii and S. plumbizincicola and the correlation between various metals. Results showed that the accumulations of Cd and Zn in shoots were higher than that of roots, but Pb accumulated in roots more than shoots. Moreover, there is a significant positive correlation between the accumulation of Zn and Cd in shoots. We found that the heavy metal accumulation rate in shoots was higher with lower soil pH. Sedum species had the highest Cd adsorption capacity in 20-30 g/kg SOM and the highest Zn adsorption capacity in SOM less than 20 g/kg. The accumulation rate of Cd in shoots of S. plumbizincicola was increased with exposure time, while the accumulation rate of Zn was slightly decreased.Novelty statementS. alfredii and S. plumbizincicola are two common Cd and Zn hyperaccumulators. We systematically compared the accumulation characteristics of heavy metals in Sedum plants and the effects of soil organic matter and pH on the accumulation of Cd, Pb and Zn in S. alfredii and S. plumbizincicola through meta-analysis. This provides certain theoretical knowledge for the application of sedum plants to the phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515821

RESUMO

Different foliar barrier agents (FBA) were used by foliar spraying in first season field and pot experiments to compare their effects on Cadmium (Cd) reduction in wheat grains. The best two FBA (50 µM SNP and 2 mM Na2EDTA) can significantly reduce Cd concentration in wheat grains, and the filling period was the most effective period for FBA application. Compared with the control (H2O), foliar spraying 50 µM SNP or 2 mM Na2EDTA inhibited the moving of Cd from the lower tissue to upper tissue in stem and also significantly reduced the Cd accumulation in grains. Furthermore, compared with normal wheat variety (AK58), foliar spraying 50 µmol SNP or 2 mM Na2EDTA as the best two FBA significantly reduced Cd concentration in shoots of Cd low accumulation varieties (HZB and HJBY), which can be used for the safe production of wheat in Cd-contaminated farmlands.

20.
Cell Regen ; 10(1): 30, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487238

RESUMO

Polycomb repressive complexes (PRCs) are essential in mouse gastrulation and specify neural ectoderm in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), but the underlying molecular basis remains unclear. Here in this study, by employing an array of different approaches, such as gene knock-out, RNA-seq, ChIP-seq, et al., we uncover that EZH2, an important PRC factor, specifies the normal neural fate decision through repressing the competing meso/endoderm program. EZH2-/- hESCs show an aberrant re-activation of meso/endoderm genes during neural induction. At the molecular level, EZH2 represses meso/endoderm genes while SOX2 activates the neural genes to coordinately specify the normal neural fate. Moreover, EZH2 also supports the proliferation of human neural progenitor cells (NPCs) through repressing the aberrant expression of meso/endoderm program during culture. Together, our findings uncover the coordination of epigenetic regulators such as EZH2 and lineage factors like SOX2 in normal neural fate decision.

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