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1.
J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol ; 32(6): 354-364, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480984

RESUMO

As an enrichment strategy supplemented by the diagnostic framework of subjective cognitive decline (SCD), SCD plus identifies features that may increase the likelihood of including future-Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. This study aimed to identify the shared and distinct atrophy patterns between patients specified by SCD plus and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI, a prodromal stage of AD) and to investigate the extent that automated brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumetry can differentiate patients with SCD from normal control (NC) participants and patients with aMCI. We acquired structural MRI brain scans from 44 patients with aMCI, 40 patients with SCD (who met the major criteria of SCD plus), and 48 NC participants. Automatic brain segmentation was performed to quantify the volumetric measures of cognitive-relevant areas. These volumetric measures were compared across the 3 groups with analysis of variance. In addition, we performed support vector machine analyses using volumetric measures of single regions or multiple regions to further evaluate the sensitivity of automated brain volumetry in differentiating a specific group from another. The atrophy patterns in patients with aMCI and SCD were similar. Using the regional volumetric measures, we achieved high performance in differentiating aMCI and SCD from NCs (average classification accuracy [ACC] > 90%). However, the performance was not ideal when differentiating aMCI from SCD (ACC < 63%). In conclusion, patients with SCD specified by SCD plus presented similar atrophy patterns as patients with aMCI, which was distinguishable from NC participants. Future studies should aim to associate the atrophy patterns of SCD with possible conversion to aMCI or AD in a longitudinal design.

2.
Hematology ; 24(1): 613-622, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482762

RESUMO

Objectives: Although DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3 alpha (DNMT3A) gene mutations have been widely reported in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), the prognostic significance of DNMT3A mutations is still controversial. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to determine the prognostic effect of DNMT3A mutations in patients with MDS. Methods: Eligible studies from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Clinical Trials and the Cochrane Library were searched. Hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) were pooled to assess the effect of DNMT3A mutations on the prognosis in MDS patients. Results: A total of 12 studies with 2236 patients were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled HRs for OS and LFS revealed that MDS patients with DNMT3A mutations had a significantly poor prognosis as compared with those without mutations (OS: HR = 1.654, 95% CI = 1.387-1.973, p < 0.001; LFS: HR = 4.624, 95% CI = 3.121-6.851, p < 0.001). Discussion and Conclusion: This meta-analysis showed an adverse prognostic effect of DNMT3A mutations in patients with MDS, which will contribute to risk stratification and prognostic assessment in the disease.

3.
Plant Physiol ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484679

RESUMO

Secretory trafficking is highly conserved in all eukaryotic cells and is required for secretion of proteins as well as extracellular matrix components. In plants, the export of cuticular waxes and various cell wall components relies on secretory trafficking, but the molecular mechanisms underlying their secretion are not well understood. In this study, we characterize the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) dwarf eceriferum11 (cer11) mutant and we show that it exhibits reduced stem cuticular wax deposition, aberrant seed coat mucilage extrusion, delayed secondary cell wall columella formation, as well as a block in secretory green fluorescent protein (secGFP) secretion. Cloning of the CER11 gene revealed that it encodes a C-TERMINAL DOMAIN PHOSPHATASE LIKE 2 (CPL2) protein. Thus, secretory trafficking in plant cells in general, and secretion of extracellular matrix constituents in developing epidermal cells in particular, involves a dephosphorylation step catalyzed by CER11/CPL2.

4.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 75(Pt 9): 1234-1242, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484811

RESUMO

A new stibium phosphate, lithium barium bis(antimony oxide) tris(phosphate), LiBa(SbO)2(PO4)3, was prepared by the molten salt method with LiF as the flux. The crystal structure consists of an original three-dimensional anionic framework of [(SbO)2(PO4)3]∞ built from PO4 tetrahedra sharing their corners with SbO6 octahedra. This framework delimits one-dimensional tunnels where the lithium(I) and barium(II) ions are located. The UV-Vis spectrum shows that LiBa(SbO)2(PO4)3 was transparent from 350 to 800 nm, and is thus suitable as a luminescent host matrix. We then used Tb3+ and Eu3+ activators to test its luminous performance and the purities of the prepared phosphors were studied by powder X-ray diffraction analysis with Rietveld refinements. Photoluminescence (PL) studies reveal that the emission spectra of 1 mol% RE3+-doped (RE = Tb and Eu) samples can be excited by 371 and 394 nm light, emitting green and orange-red light, respectively, for Tb3+ and Eu3+. The CIE coordinates were measured to be (0.295, 0.571) and (0.6027, 0.3967), and the luminescent lifetimes were calculated as 0.178 and 1.159 ms, respectively.

5.
BMJ Open ; 9(8): e026162, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To administer a cross-cultural adaptation of the Team Interaction Scale (TIS), test its psychometric properties and investigate influencing factors of team interactions in a physician population in Chinese tertiary hospitals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTINGS: Two rounds of surveys, a pilot and a large sampling survey, were conducted in two and nine tertiary hospitals, respectively, in Liaoning Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: In the pilot survey, 363 of 390 physicians sampled were included in the analysis, resulting in an effective response rate of 93.08%. In the large sampling survey, the effective response rate was 89.10% (3653 of 4100 physicians). OUTCOME MEASURES: The TIS and a short version of a burn-out scale were administrated to assess the physician's team interaction and burn-out. Psychometric properties of TIS were tested by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and internal consistency analysis. Gender, age, discipline, education level, professional title, hospital scale and burn-out were explored as influencing factors with independent sample t-tests, one-way analyses of variance and a correlation analysis. RESULTS: Based on CFA, a 17-item modified scale was developed following the pilot survey. In the large sampling survey, EFA was conducted with half of the samples, producing six dimensions: 'Communication', 'Coordination', 'Mutual help', 'Team goals', 'Work norms' and 'Cohesion and conflict resolution'. Fit of the modified model was confirmed by CFA with the other half of the samples (root mean square error of approximation=0.067, Comparative Fit Index=0.98, Normed Fit Index=0.97, Goodness of Fit Index=0.94, Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index=0.92). A high Cronbach's α coefficient of 0.98 demonstrated reliability of the modified scale. The Team Interaction Score was significantly lower in younger physicians, in men, in paediatricians and in physicians from larger-scale tertiary hospitals. Team Interaction Scores were negatively associated with burn-out. CONCLUSIONS: The adapted TIS, containing 17 items and six dimensions, was reliable and valid for Chinese tertiary hospital physicians. To address physician burn-out, team interaction should be highlighted.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to examine the effects of recent regular participation leisure activities upon cognitive functions between 3 and 6 months after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We also explored whether the cognitive effects interacted with the severity of white matter hyperintensities (WMH), a marker of cerebral white matter disease, in patients with low or high education. METHODS: Two-hundred and ninety-two subjects with mean age of 66.1 (11.0) years were recruited at median 161(131-180) days post index event. WMH volume was evaluated using a semi-automated method on MRI brain. Cognitive functions were measured using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Multivariable linear regression analysis was conducted to explore the associations between leisure activity participation with WMH and the moderating effects of leisure activities upon relationship between WMH and MoCA. Analyses were further stratified by low (<6 years) or high education (≥6 years). All models were adjusted with age, sex, and years of education. RESULTS: Physical activity (PA), but not intellectual activity (IA), was negatively related to WMH volume (P < .05). IA exerted a main effect on MoCA performance (b = 3.21, P < .001). PA, but not IA, significantly interacted with WMH volume (b = -0.18, P < .01) on MoCA performance, but the interaction was only significant in the lower education group (b = 0.28, P < .01) but not in the higher education group. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with stroke/TIA, IA confers general cognitive benefits. Regular participation in PA negatively correlated with WMH volume. In patients with low education, PA increases resilience against vascular cognitive impairment.

7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(8): 2531-2540, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418175

RESUMO

Soil salinization is a global problem. Afforestation is a major improvement practice for desert saline-alkali land. To examine ecological improvement effects and spatial distribution of soil moisture and salinity in Tamarix ramosissima plantation with the age of 10 years in desert saline-alkali land, soil moisture and salt content between rows and under shrubs with row distance of 2, 4, 6, and 8 m were measured. The structural equation model was used to quantify the effects of soil water and salt changes on plant growth. The results indicated that soluble salt in shallow soil (0-40 cm) of T. ramosissima plantation was significantly lower than that outside the plantation, but soil moisture under shrubs was higher than that between rows. Among different row distances, the maximum values of height and canopy size of T. ramosissima and coverage and biomass of vegetation under the shrubs were found in row distance of 6 m. The enrichment degree of soil cations around taproot was in order of Na+>K+>Ca2+>Mg2+ and anions were enriched with Cl->HCO3->SO42-. There were five kinds of salts in soil, with MgSO4 being the most abundant, followed by CaCl2, NaCl and MgCl2, and the lowest being KHCO3. Soil moisture had the strongest effects on vegetation, followed by soil salinity, and the lowest was soil pH, with values of 50.6%,29.5% and 19.9%, respectively.

8.
Environ Pollut ; 254(Pt A): 112964, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376602

RESUMO

This field study aims to identify the performance and mechanisms of red soil amelioration and heavy metal immobilization by a multi-element mineral amendment (MMA) mainly containing a mixture of zeolites (laumontite and gismondine), montmorillonite, gehlenite, grossular and calcium silicate powder. The results indicated that the acidity of red soil was neutralized, and the soil EC, CEC, and content of montmorillonite and illite were increased after application of MMA, improving the soil fertility as well as the ability of heavy metals immobilization. The high amounts and reactivity of dissolved and colloidal Fe provided by the ferralsol (red soil) combined with the abundant available Si, Ca, Mg, Na and K supplied by MMA, readily destabilizes kaolinite and facilitates the formation of 2:1 type clay minerals. Meanwhile, the application of MMA was effective in reducing the bioavailability of soil heavy metals due to the activated mineralogical compositions of MMA as well as the increase of pH and 2:1 type clay minerals in the soil, which significantly decreased the up-taking and accumulation of Cd, Pb, Cr and Hg in lettuce tissues (p < 0.05). Compared with the untreated soil, the plant height, the total yield and content of vitamin C in the edible parts of lettuce in MMA-treated soil was increased by 7.6%, 23.6%, and 12.8%, respectively. These results showed that MMA could be a promising amendment for red soil amelioration and heavy metal immobilization.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(16): 6217-6236, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467257

RESUMO

To realize an individual-level risk evaluation of progression of early Alzheimer's disease (AD), we applied an AD resemblance atrophy index (AD-RAI) to differentiate the subjects at risk of progression from normal subjects (NC) to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and from MCI to AD. We included 183 subjects with a two-year follow-up: 50 NC stable (NCs), 23 NC-to-MCI converters (NCc), 50 MCI stable (MCIs), 35 MCI-to-AD converters (MCIc), 25 AD stable (ADs). ANCOVA analyses were used to identify baseline brain atrophy in converters compared with non-converters. To explore the relative merits of AD-RAI over individual regional volumetric measures in prediction of disease progression, we searched for the optimal cutoff for each measure in logistic regressions and plotted the longitudinal trajectories of these brain volumetric measures in converters and non-converters. Baseline AD-RAI performed the best in differentiating NCc from NCs (odds ratio 26.35, AUC 0.740) and MCIc from MCIs (odds ratio 8.91, AUC 0.771). The AD-RAI presented greater increase in the second year for NCc vs. NCs but not for MCIc vs. MCIs. Baseline AD-RAIs were also associated with CSF-based and PET-based AD biomarkers. These results showed the potential of AD-RAI in early risk estimation before progression to MCI/AD at an individual-level.

10.
Nano Lett ; 19(8): 5443-5451, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369708

RESUMO

Most living tissues exhibit the specific stiffness, which has been known to have profound influence on cell behaviors, yet how the stiffness affects cellular responses to engineered nanomaterials has not been elucidated. Particularly, discrepancies exist between in vitro and in vivo nanotoxicological studies. Here, we investigated the effects of substrate stiffness on the fibrogenic responses of normal human lung fibroblasts (NHLFs) to multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). NHLFs were grown on polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels with the stiffness comparable to that of human normal and fibrotic lung tissues, and treated with MWCNTs for various time. The fibrogenic responses, including cell proliferation, reactive oxygen species production, and collagen I expression, of NHLFs to MWCNTs were observed to be regulated by substrate stiffness in a time-dependent manner. NHLFs generally were rounded on soft hydrogels and required a long treatment time to exhibit fibrogenic responses, while on stiff hydrogels the cells were well-spread with defined stress fibers and short-time MWCNTs treatment sufficiently induced the fibrogenic responses. Mechanistic studies showed that MWCNTs induced fibrogenesis of NHLFs through promoting expression and phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), while attenuating intracellular tension in the cells on stiff gels could increase MWCNTs uptake and thus elevate the induced fibrogenic responses. Moreover, we proposed a time-stiffness superposition principle to describe the equivalent effects of treatment time and substrate stiffness on nanomaterials-induced fibrogenesis, which suggested that increasing substrate stiffness expedited fibrogenesis and shed light on the rational design of in vitro models for nanotoxicological study.

11.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460408, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378531

RESUMO

Antioxidant nutraceuticals functional characteristic science is a challenging field for combining sensitivity and comprehensiveness. A untargeted screening and quantification method based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to Quadrupole-Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry has been developed for determination of multiple classes of flavonoids in eight-three nutraceuticals samples. The data acquisition is based on a non-target approach of sequential full scan and variable data independent acquisition of twenty consecutive fragmentation events. The flavonoids include flavanols, flavones, flavanones, anthocyanidins, flavonols and isoflavones. A processing strategy is introduced to implementing filtering methods based on data feature extraction, common ion selection, shoulder peak removal, response threshold adjustment, mass shift and characteristic structural fragments evaluation. Confirmation is based on both accurate mass and isotopic assignment of standards, and further quantification is achieved by fragmentation. This scheme allows in depth characterization of flavonoids with the entire fragments.

13.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 15(9): 1867-1880, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387675

RESUMO

The present study aims to evaluate the effect of the ethyl acetate extract of Cichorium (EAEC) as a novel photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT) of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) HCT116 and SW620 cells. The absorption and fluorescence spectra of EAEC were measured using a UV-vis spectrophotometer and fluorescence spectrophotometer, respectively. EAEC-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in HCT116 and SW620 cells was detected using 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) and glutathione/glutathione disulfide (GSH/GSSG). The photo- and dark toxicities of EAEC were estimated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Cellular uptake and localization of EAEC were detected by confocal laser fluorescence microscopy. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were used to assess apoptosis and autophagy. The antitumor activity of EAEC was confirmed in a xenograft model. Finally, effects on the PERK pathway were verified using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. EAEC displayed absorption and fluorescence emission peaks at 660 nm and 678 nm, respectively. EAEC induced ROS production in CRC cells. Assessment of dark toxicity showed that treatment with EAEC alone induced little cytotoxicity in CRC or normal cells but that EAEC-PDT induced significant photocytotoxicity in CRC cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. After cellular uptake, EAEC was located in the mitochondria. Treatment with EAEC-PDT reduced xenograft tumor size. Further evaluation suggested that activation of the PERK pathway mediates these effects, as the apoptotic rate and autophagy flux increased markedly after EAEC-PDT. EAEC, a natural photosensitizer extracted from Cichorium, displays potential utility in PDT of CRC by targeting the PERK pathway.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Neoplasias Colorretais , Fotoquimioterapia , Acetatos , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Humanos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Proteínas Quinases , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
14.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; : 1-11, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272310

RESUMO

Exposure of PC12 cells to 10 mM glutamate caused significant viability loss, cell apoptosis, decreased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) as well as increased levels of malondialdehyde (MDA). In parallel, glutamate significantly increased the intracellular levels of ROS and intracellular calcium. However, pretreatment of the cells with acteoside and isoacteoside significantly suppressed glutamate-induced cellular events. Moreover, acteoside and isoacteoside reduced the glutamate-induced increase of caspase-3 activity and also ameliorated the glutamate-induced Bcl-2/Bax ratio reduction in PC12 cells. Furthermore, acteoside and isoacteoside significantly inhibited glutamate-induced DNA damage. In the mouse model, acteoside significantly attenuated cognitive deficits in the Y maze test and attenuated neuronal damage of the hippocampal CA1 regions induced by glutamate. These data indicated that acteoside and isoacteoside play neuroprotective effects through anti-oxidative stress, anti-apoptosis, and maintenance of steady intracellular calcium.

15.
J Chromatogr A ; 1603: 67-82, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272730

RESUMO

A dynamic headspace (DHS) with DVB/CAR/PDMS trapping materials was coupled to a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the separation and identification of volatile-flavor compounds in bos grunniens (yak) milk. The principal components analysis coupled with response surface methodology optimized the main variables of the device (10 g sample quality, 5 min desorption time, 3.0 g adding sodium chloride, 72 °C extraction temperature, 28 min pre-equilibrium time and 86 min extraction time). Total 235 volatile components were identified. The limit of detections and quantifications of volatile components were 0.01-5.35 mg kg-1 and 0.01-9.41 mg kg-1, respectively, with relative standard deviation from 0.2% to 6.4%. The method performed well during volatile-flavor components analysis from the yak milk sample, producing excellent extraction parameters for the volatile components. Eighty-two volatile components identified in yak milk belonged to a broad range of chemical classes (ketones, aldehydes, aromatics, acids, alkanes, and estes), and 73 of them were at trace levels. Meanwhile, using gas chromatography-olfactometry technique, 11 volatile components were identified as contributors to the aroma of yak milk. In conclusions, a sensitive, convenient and reliable method was developed for the accurate determination of volatile-flavor compounds in yak milk utilizing DHS-GC/MS analyses.

16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(36): 12711-12716, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306556

RESUMO

The single-site catalyst (SSC) characteristic of atomically dispersed active centers will not only maximize the catalytic activity, but also provide a promising platform for establishing the structure-activity relationship. However, arbitrary arrangements of active sites in the existed SSCs make it difficult for mechanism understanding and performance optimization. Now, a well-defined ultrathin SSC is fabricated by assembly of metal-porphyrin molecules, which enables the precise identification of the active sites for d-orbital energy engineering. The activity of as-assembled products for electrocatalytic CO2 reduction is significantly promoted via lifting up the energy level of metal d z 2 orbitals, exhibiting a remarkable Faradaic efficiency of 96 % at the overpotential of 500 mV. Furthermore, a turnover frequency of 4.21 s-1 is achieved with negligible decay over 48 h.

17.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 22(9): 1724-1733, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare micro RNA (miRNA) expression: (a) between healthy individuals and early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) patients with and without erosion on high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) at baseline; and (b) to explore whether these miRNAs could inform a signature predictive of erosion progression despite treatment with conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs). METHODS: The second metacarpophalangeal head (MCP2) was scanned by HR-pQCT at baseline and 1 year in 117 ERA patients. We performed global profiling of 377 miRNAs in 10 ERA patients with and without erosion on HR-pQCT at baseline and six healthy controls. Validation of the miRNAs of interest were conducted using TaqMan® quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in the validation ERA cohort (n = 117) at baseline. Correlation between the candidate miRNAs and erosion progression over 1 year were also assessed. RESULTS: In the 377 screened miRNAs, 94 (60.6%) miRNAs were upregulated in patients with erosions, with 13 (8.4%) upregulated more than 2-fold. Sixty-one (39.4%) miRNAs were downregulated in patients with erosions, with 6 (3.9%) downregulated more than 2-fold. Expression of miR-143-3p, miR-145-5p and miR-99b-5p were significantly higher in the plasma of ERA patients with erosions compared with those without erosions. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the baseline expression of miR-99b-5p was an independent predictor of erosion progression at month 12 (Exp [B] = 4.257, 95% CI 1.178-15.386, P = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Differential expressions of circulating miR-143-3p, miR-145-5p and miR-99b-5p in the plasma of ERA patients may characterize a severe form of the disease. MiR-99b-5p, in particular, may serve as a possible predictor for erosion progression.

18.
Seizure ; 71: 116-123, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325818

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the hippocampal internal architecture (HIA) between 3 and 7 Tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), and to investigate the relationship between HIA and hippocampal volume, and postoperative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine TLE patients were recruited with 3 and 7 T MRI scans and a semi-quantitative assessment of the HIA was performed. Differences in HIA scores between 3 and 7 T MRI were evaluated. HIA and hippocampal volume asymmetry were also calculated and compared. The utility of HIA and hippocampal volume asymmetry in epilepsy lateralization, and the predictive value between these two indicators were compared. The relationship between HIA and postoperative outcomes was investigated in 25 patients with amygdalohippocampectomy. RESULTS: HIA scores of epileptogenic hippocampi were lower than those of non-epileptogenic hippocampi at 3 and 7 T MRI. Higher HIA scores were observed at 7 T MRI. The HIA asymmetry and hippocampal volume asymmetry were both strong predictors for epilepsy lateralization and did not show difference in predictive value. No statistical differences in HIA asymmetry were observed between seizure-free patients (ILAE 1) compared to patients with seizures (ILAE 2-5). CONCLUSIONS: Visualization of hippocampal internal architecture (HIA) may be improved at 7 T MRI. HIA asymmetry is a significant predictor of laterality of seizure onset in TLE patients and has similar predictive value as hippocampal volume asymmetry, however, HIA asymmetry at 7 T does not have extra value in determining epilepsy lateralization and neither does predict surgical outcomes.

19.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 175: 112787, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362247

RESUMO

Cordyceps sinensis is a traditional Chinese food. A high-throughput screening and quantitative method based on hydrophilic interaction chromatography coupled to quadrupole/Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry has been proposed for the joint measurement of nucleosides and their corresponding nucleotides in thirty-two Cordyceps sinensis samples. A total of thirty-two natural samples from six regions were enrolled. A multiple-step analysis strategy, including features extraction, noise level evaluation, mass shift correction and suspect spectral library spectra searching, was employed to discover, identify and validate the nucleosides and nucleotides. The remaining unknown compounds were identified with the characteristic structural fragments. The on-line dispersive solid-phase extraction system eliminates human-based steps errors and affords superior method reproducibility in the presence of hexafluoro-2-propanol and diethylamine as hydrophilic ion-pairing reagents. In view of the great difference of the quality, this high coverage confirmation strategy is of great reference value to the future quantitative analysis of potential nucleosides and nucleotides. Nucleosides and nucleotides ingredients could be considered as origins and quality assessment index of C. sinensis.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2197-2207, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359642

RESUMO

The excessive pesticide residues and heavy metals in traditional Chinese medicine seriously endanger human health and the sustainable development of Chinese medicine industry. In order to improve the quality of traditional Chinese medicine and establish a general standard for maximum residue limits(MRL) of pesticides in pollution-free traditional Chinese medicine and decoction pieces, and to ensure the safety of clinical medication from its origin, MRLs were calculated based on the formula(MRL=A×W/100M) from Chinese Pharmacopeia, comparing it with the current Chinese and international standards as well as literature review, the RAND/UCLA appropriateness method(RAM) was applied to determine the categories and MRLs of pesticides in pollution-free traditional Chinese medicine and decoction pieces. Two questionnaires were drafted for expert panel and appropriateness analysis was carried out with the 9-point Likert scale to determine the general standard for MRLs of pollution-free traditional Chinese medicine and decoction pieces. The results showed that a total of nine experts from different fields scored the necessity of standard-setting and 206 pesticide residue limits respectively. The appropriateness scores of 206 pesticides were greater than 7, and appropriateness rate was 100%, which signifies that the expert panel has reached consensus. In summary, based on the RAM, the general standard for maximum residue limits of pesticides in pollution-free Chinese medicines and decoction pieces has reached an expert consensus. Comparing with the MRLs of medicinal plants and plant-sourced food from CAC, Europe Union, the United States, South Korea, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and Canada, 206 MRLs from this general standard share 88.8% in common, 4.4% of which is higher and 6.8% lower than those international standards. This has provided a basis for standardizing the use of pesticides in pollution-free traditional Chinese medicine.

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