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1.
J Plant Physiol ; 264: 153487, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358944

RESUMO

AtCYP38, a thylakoid lumen localized immunophilin, is found to be essential for photosystem II assembly and maintenance, but how AtCYP38 functions in chloroplast remains unknown. Based on previous functional studies and its crystal structure, we hypothesize that AtCYP38 should function via binding its targets or cofactors in the thylakoid lumen. To identify potential interacting proteins of AtCYP38, we first adopted ATTED-II and STRING web-tools, and found 12 proteins functionally related to AtCYP38. We then screened a yeast two-hybrid library including an Arabidopsis genome wide cDNA with different domain of AtCYP38, and five thylakoid lumen-localized targets were identified. In order to specifically search interacting proteins of AtCYP38 in the thylakoid lumen, we generated a yeast two-hybrid mini library including the thylakoid lumenal proteins and lumenal fractions of thylakoid membrane proteins, and we obtained six thylakoid membrane proteins and nine thylakoid lumenal proteins as interacting proteins of AtCYP38. The interactions between AtCYP38 and several potential targets were further confirmed via pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation assays. Together, a couple of new potential candidate interacting proteins of AtCYP38 were identified, and the results will lay a foundation for unveiling the regulatory mechanisms in photosynthesis by AtCYP38.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Ciclofilinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Ciclofilinas/fisiologia , Imunoprecipitação , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/metabolismo , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
2.
Anticancer Drugs ; 32(9): 950-961, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016832

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the biological actions of circular RNA (circRNA) ArfGAP with SH3 domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 2 (circ_ASAP2, circ_0006089) in cisplatin (DDP) resistance of gastric cancer. Circ_ASAP2, ecto-5'-nucleotidase (NT5E) and miR-330-3p were quantified by quantitative real-time PCR or western blot. The measurements of the IC50 value and cell proliferation were done using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cell colony formation, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, migration and invasion were evaluated by the colony formation, flow cytometry and transwell assays. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to confirm the targeted relationship between different molecules. The role of circ_ASAP2 in tumor growth was gauged by in vivo animal studies. Circ_ASAP2 and NT5E were overexpressed in DDP-resistant gastric cancer tissues and cells. Knockdown of circ_ASAP2 promoted DDP sensitivity, apoptosis and repressed proliferation, migration and invasion of DDP-resistant gastric cancer cells in vitro and diminished tumor growth in vivo. Moreover, NT5E was a downstream effector of circ_ASAP2 in regulating cell DDP sensitivity and functional behaviors. Mechanistically, circ_ASAP2 directly bound to miR-330-3p to promote NT5E expression. Furthermore, circ_ASAP2 modulated cell DDP sensitivity and functional behaviors by targeting miR-330-3p. Knockdown of circ_ASAP2 promoted DDP sensitivity and suppressed malignant behaviors of DDP-resistant gastric cancer cells through targeting the miR-330-3p/NT5E axis.

3.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 630644, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33732275

RESUMO

Arabidopsis cyclophilin38 (CYP38) is a thylakoid lumen protein critial for PSII assembly and maintenance, and its C-terminal region serves as the target binding domain. We hypothesized that four conserved residues (R290, F294, Q372, and F374) in the C-terminal domain are critical for the structure and function of CYP38. In yeast two-hybrid and protein pull-down assays, CYP38s with single-sited mutations (R290A, F294A, Q372A, or F374A) did not interact with the CP47 E-loop as the wild-type CYP38. In contrast, CYP38 with the R290A/F294A/Q372A/F374A quadruple mutation could bind the CP47 E-loop. Gene transformation analysis showed that the quadruple mutation prevented CYP38 to efficiently complement the mutant phenotype of cyp38. The C-terminal domain half protein with the quadruple mutation, like the wild-type one, could interact with the N-terminal domain or the CP47 E-loop in vitro. The cyp38 plants expressing CYP38 with the quadruple mutation showed a similar BN-PAGE profile as cyp38, but distinct from the wild type. The CYP38 protein with the quadruple mutation associated with the thylakoid membrane less efficiently than the wild-type CYP38. We concluded that these four conserved residues are indispensable as changes of all these residues together resulted in a subtle conformational change of CYP38 and reduced its intramolecular N-C interaction and the ability to associate with the thylakoid membrane, thus impairing its function in chloroplast.

4.
Chin J Cancer ; 32(11): 624-8, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23668927

RESUMO

Paraganglioma is a rare neuroendocrine neoplasm observed in patients of all ages, with an estimated incidence of 3/1,000,000 population. It has long been recognized that some cases are familial. The majority of these tumors are benign, and the only absolute criterion for malignancy is the presence of metastases at sites where chromaffin tissue is not usually found. Some tumors show gross local invasion and recurrence, which may indeed kill the patient, but this does not necessarily associate with metastatic potential. Here, we report a case of vertebral metastatic paraganglioma that occurred 19 months after the patient had undergone partial cystectomy for urinary bladder paraganglioma. We believe this to be a rarely reported bone metastasis of paraganglioma arising originally within the urinary bladder. In this report, we also provide a summary of the general characteristics of this disease, together with progress in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.


Assuntos
Paraganglioma , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Vértebras Torácicas , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Cromogranina A/metabolismo , Cistectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paraganglioma/metabolismo , Paraganglioma/patologia , Paraganglioma/secundário , Paraganglioma/cirurgia , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Cintilografia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Sinaptofisina/metabolismo , Tecnécio , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
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