Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 466
Filtrar
1.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 621161, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786038

RESUMO

Collagens from marine animals are an important component of marine organic nitrogen. Collagenase-producing bacteria and their collagenases play important roles in collagen degradation and organic nitrogen recycling in the ocean. However, only a few collagenase-producing marine bacteria have been so far discovered. Here, we reported the isolation and characterization of a collagenase-secreting bacterium, designated strain SM1988T, isolated from a green alga Codium fragile sample. Strain SM1988T is a Gram-negative, aerobic, oxidase-, and catalase-positive, unipolar flagellated, and rod-shaped bacterium capable of hydrolyzing casein, gelatin and collagens. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain SM1988T formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage along with known genera within the family Pseudoalteromonadaceae, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity being less than 93.3% to all known species in the family. Based on the phylogenetic, genomic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain SM1988T was considered to represent a novel species in a novel genus in the family Pseudoalteromonadaceae, for which the name Flocculibacter collagenilyticus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain being SM1988T (= MCCC 1K04279T = KCTC 72761T). Strain SM1988T showed a high production of extracellular collagenases, which had high activity against both bovine collagen and codfish collagen. Biochemical tests combined with genome and secretome analyses indicated that the collagenases secreted by strain SM1988T are serine proteases from the MEROPS S8 family. These data suggest that strain SM1988T acts as an important player in marine collagen degradation and recycling and may have a promising potential in collagen resource utilization.

2.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the main risk factors contributing to morbidity and mortality of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aimed to investigate the potential role of miR-485-5p in human LN. METHODS: QRT-PCR was used for the measurement of miR-485-5p levels. The levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The diagnostic role of miR-485-5p in LN was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The impact of miR-485-5p on end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was compared by Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis. The target gene was determined by a dual-luciferase reporter assay system. RESULTS: MiR-485-5p was highly expressed in SLE and LN patients compared with the healthy controls, and LN patients had the highest level of miR-485-5p. The expression level of miR-485-5p in active LN patients was significantly increased compared with that in non-active cases. MiR-485-5p expression showed a positive correlation with the levels of eGFR, Scr, proteinuria, SLEDAI score, and inflammatory cytokines. The ROC analysis results indicated that serum miR-485-5p was a promising biomarker for the early diagnosis of LN, and it can distinguish active LN patients from non-active ones. PTEN was a direct target of miR-485-5p, and negatively associated with serum miR-485-5p levels. More ESRD events were observed in cases with high miR-485-5p expression, miR-485-5p was an independent factor for the risk of ESRD in LN patients. CONCLUSION: Serum miR-485-5p might be a novel promising diagnostic marker for LN and has potential predictive value for ESRD risk in LN patients.

3.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 550: 92-98, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689885

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer is one of the most common cancer of the digestive system and radiotherapy is widely applied in advanced esophageal cancer treatment, however radioresistance (RR) is one of the major reasons for radiotherapy failure. There is limited knowledge on the mechanisms that cause RR, here we identify suppressors of cytokine signaling 6 (SOCS6) is a negative regulator of radioresistance in ESCC cells. SOCS6 deficiency in ESCC cells conferred radioresistance in vitro and in vivo by increasing radiation-induced G2/M arrest, DNA damage repair and inhibiting radiation-induced apoptosis. Moreover, the transcriptome sequencing analysis demonstrates that the transcription of SOCS6 was partially p53-dependent. Importantly we found that highly correlated SOCS6 and P53 express lower in RR esophageal cancer tissues compare with radiosensitive ones. Collectedly our study uncovers that SOCS6, as a downstream effector of p53, is a key regulator involved in the radioresistance of ESCC.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782795

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, SM1969T and SM1979T, were isolated from coastal surface seawater of Qingdao, China. They were taxonomically characterized by the phylogenetic, genomic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic analyses. The two strains shared 97.0% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with each other and the highest similarity (96.8-97.5%) with type strains of six species in the genera Shimia, Tritonibacter and Tropicibacter in the Roseobacter group of the family Rhodobacteraceae. In the phylogenetic tree based on single-copy orthologous clusters (OCs), both strains clustered with known species of the genus Tritonibacter and together formed a separate branch adjacent to Tritonibacter ulvae. Although sharing many chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, the two strains could be differentiated from each other and closely related species by numerous traits. Particularly, strain SM1969T was found to have a DMSP lyase coding gene dddW in its genome and have the ability to produce DMS from DMSP while strain SM1979T was not. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains SM1969T and SM1979T and type strains of closely related species were all below the thresholds to discriminate bacterial species, demonstrating that they constitute two new species in the genus Tritonibacter. The names Tritonibacter aquimaris sp. nov. and Tritonibacter litoralis sp. nov. are proposed for the two new species, with type strains being SM1969T (= MCCC 1K04320T = KCTC 72843T) and SM1979T (= MCCC 1K04321T = KCTC 72842T), respectively.

5.
Mol Brain ; 14(1): 38, 2021 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608037

RESUMO

The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) plays a crucial role in integrating peripheral information regarding visceral functions. Glutamate decarboxylase 2 (GAD2) inhibitory neurons are abundant in the NTS, and are known to form local and short-range projections within the NTS and nearby hindbrain areas. Here we performed whole-brain mapping of outputs from GAD2 neurons in the NTS using cell-type specific viral labeling together with ultrahigh-speed 3D imaging at 1-µm resolution. In addition to well-known targets of NTS GAD2 neurons including the principle sensory nucleus of the trigeminal (PSV), spinal nucleus of the trigeminal (SPV), and other short-range targets within the hindbrain, the high sensitivity of our system helps reveal previously unknown long-range projections that target forebrain regions, including the bed nuclei of the stria terminalis (BST) involved in stress and fear responses, and the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVH) involved in energy balance and stress-related neuroendocrine responses. The long-range projections were further verified by retrograde labeling of NTS GAD2 neurons with cholera toxin B (CTB) injections in the BST and PVH, and by Cre-dependent retrograde tracing with rAAV2-retro injections in the two regions of GAD2-Cre mice. Finally, we performed complete morphological reconstruction of several sparsely labeled neurons projecting to the forebrain and midbrain. These results provide new insights about how NTS might participate in physiological and emotional modulation.

6.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 141, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sexual compulsivity (SC) and its relationship with unprotected intercourse (UI) have long been an intriguing topic, but its existential meaning in the management of public health or, more precisely, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has rarely been studied to date. This study examines whether SC plays a role in UI among sexually active STI patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two sexual transmitted disease (STD) clinicals of Shanghai Skin Diseases Hospital in Shanghai. Totally 664 sexually active STI patients were included. RESULTS: The ages of the 664 participants ranged from 18 to 76 years, with 58.73% between 26 and 40 years old. 449 (191 male and 258 female) reported had UI during the past 6 months. Although the only statistically significant difference (p < 0.01) was in relation to UI with a casual sexual partner, the difference between male/female and regular/casual sexual partners remained evident. CONCLUSIONS: SC is evidently a potential predictor of UI with a casual sexual partner in male STI patients, while the use of condoms is more likely to be affected by other factors. In addition to general sexual education, counseling interventions should be provided by health institutions, and specific intervention methods targeting gender and sexual partners should be considered.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33515151

RESUMO

The application of plastic film in field crop production elevated the phthalate esters (PAEs) accumulation in wheat grains, which poses potential risks to human health. However, the variation of grain PAEs contents in different dryland areas is not clear, and the distribution of PAEs in different tissues of grains has not been studied yet. In the present study, field experiments in five sites (three provinces) with two treatments (soil with and without film mulching) were carried out to study the concentration and distribution of PAEs in grains and the effects of environmental factors on them. Results showed that the total PAE concentration (∑PAEs) in wheat grains ranged from 445 to 764 µg/kg, mainly in the forms of di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), and diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP). Compared with control, total PAE concentrations in soils and wheat grains were significantly higher in treatments with film mulching. The effects of film on the proportion of PAEs in the flour and bran varied with experiment sites. Grain PAEs in the control groups presented significantly negative correlation with annual temperature, while there was a positive correlation between soil PAEs and bran PAEs in the film treatment. Results in this study are of great significance to comprehensively evaluate the effect of film mulching on grain safety in dryland wheat production.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 402: 123933, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254827

RESUMO

Microplastics, which are new types of environmental pollutants, are recently receiving widespread attention worldwide. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as the third endogenous gaseous mediator had protective effects in multiple physiological and pathological conditions. However, the protective role of H2S in microplastics-induced hepatotoxocity remain unclear. In this study, our data showed that H2S significantly suppressed inflammation, apoptosis and oxidative stress induced by polystyrene microplastics (mic-PS) (20 mg/kg b.w.) in the liver. Strikingly, although mic-PS exposure increased the expression of nuclear factor-E2-related factor (Nrf2), it did not influence the levels of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQOl) in the L02 hepatocytes. Immunofluorescence assay showed that sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) reduced micro-Ps-induced hepatic apoptosis by facilitating nuclear accumulation of Nrf2. Simultaneously, flow cytometry also showed that NaHS could prevent mic-PS-induced accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by increasing the expression of HO-1 and NQO1. Furthermore, inhibition of HO-1 could reverse the hepatic protective effects of NaHS during mic-PS exposure. Mechanistically, H2S elevating the HO-1 and NQO1 expression by facilitating nuclear accumulation of Nrf2, and consequently reducing mic-PS-induced hepatic apoptosis and inflammation. This study unveils the hepatotoxic effects of MPs and suggest NaHS have protective effects on mic-PS-induced liver damage.

9.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 48: 101813, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33264698

RESUMO

Y- Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province in the northeast China. In this study, we genotyped and investigated haplotypes of 27 Y-STR loci in 1037 Changchun Han male individuals using commercially available AmpFlSTR Yfiler® Plus kit. We calculated the Gene diversity (GD) values and haplotype diversity (HD) as important forensic parameters. Furthermore, we observed genetic affinities between Changchun Han with other Northern Han Chinese populations and also Korans in Yanbian in the Multidimensional scaling and phylogenetic tree analysis.

10.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; : e3423, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33252830

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease now is the leading cause of mortality among patients with type 1 diabetes. The risk of death from cardiovascular events in subjects with type 1 diabetes is 2 to 10 times higher than the general population, depending on blood glucose control. Although complications of cardiovascular disease occur in middle and old age, pathological processes begin in childhood. Some methods used to evaluate subclinical cardiovascular disease, such as carotid intima-media thickness and pulse wave velocity, can detect early cardiovascular abnormalities in adolescence. The effect of risk factors including hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetic nephropathy on cardiovascular disease has been well studied. According to the current clinical practice recommendations from the American Diabetes Association, cardiovascular risk factors should be systematically assessed at least annually and treated as recommended. And yet, the effects of intensive insulin therapy on cardiovascular risk, as well as the mechanisms of cardiac autoimmunity require further studying. This review concentrates on the cardiovascular risk in type 1 diabetes in order to provide a comprehensive outlook of its epidemiology, early assessment, risk factors and possible relations with cardiac autoimmunity, aiming to propose promising therapeutic strategies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 7(21): 2001364, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173727

RESUMO

Acetylation is a critical mechanism to modulate tumor-suppressive activity of p53, but the causative roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in p53 acetylation and their biological significance remain unexplored. Here, lncRNA LOC100294145 is discovered to be transactivated by p53 and is thus designated as lnc-Ip53 for lncRNA induced by p53. Furthermore, lnc-Ip53 impedes p53 acetylation by interacting with histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and E1A binding protein p300 (p300) to prevent HDAC1 degradation and attenuate p300 activity, resulting in abrogation of p53 activity and subsequent cell proliferation and apoptosis resistance. Mouse xenograft models reveal that lnc-Ip53 promotes tumor growth and chemoresistance in vivo, which is attenuated by an HDAC inhibitor. Silencing lnc-Ip53 inhibits the growth of xenografts with wild-type p53, but not those expressing acetylation-resistant p53. Consistently, lnc-Ip53 is upregulated in multiple cancer types, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). High levels of lnc-Ip53 is associated with low levels of acetylated p53 in human HCC and mouse xenografts, and is also correlated with poor survival of HCC patients. These findings identify a novel p53/lnc-Ip53 negative feedback loop in cells and indicate that abnormal upregulation of lnc-Ip53 represents an important mechanism to inhibit p53 acetylation/activity and thereby promote tumor growth and chemoresistance, which may be exploited for anticancer therapy.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178319

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine if microRNA (miRNA) expression is different among chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with early liver fibrosis classified according to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes. Eighteen CHB-fibrosis patients and 12 CHB patients without fibrosis were enrolled. The CHB-fibrosis group included 9 patients with the TCM syndrome of Ganyu Pixu Xueyu (GYPXXY), characterized by liver stagnation, spleen deficiency, and blood stasis, and 9 patients with the TCM syndrome of Qixu Xueyu (QXXY), characterized by deficiency of qi, blood, and blood stasis. Agilent miRNA microarray was performed first in liver specimens to determine whether miRNA expression is different in patients with these two TCM syndromes of CHB-fibrosis. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and KEGG analysis were applied to determine the roles of the differentially expressed miRNAs. QRT-PCR was performed to validate the Agilent miRNA microarray results. Compared with GYPXXY patients, 6 differentially expressed miRNAs were upregulated (miR-144-5p, miR-18a-5p, miR-148b-3p, miR-654-3p, miR-139-3p, and miR-24-1-5p) and 1 was downregulated (miR-6834-3p) in QXXY patients. According to qRT-PCR data, miR-144-5p and miR-654-3p were confirmed as upregulated in CHB-liver fibrosis patients compared to CHB patients without fibrosis, whereas the other 4 miRNAs were not significantly different. More importantly, miR-654-3p was confirmed to be significantly upregulated in QXXY patients compared with values in GYPXXY patients, whereas no significant difference was found in miR-144-5p. Moreover, the pathways of central carbon metabolism in cancer and cell cycle related to miR-654-3p and the target genes of PTEN and ATM were found to be different between QXXY patients and GYPXXY patients. These results indicate that there are different miRNAs, pathways, and target genes between QXXY patients and GYPXXY patients. However, due to the limited sample, whether miR-654-3p and the target genes PTEN and ATM could be molecular markers to differentiate TCM syndromes could not be established.

13.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33099614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DNA from many pathogens can be detected in saliva. However, the presence and quantity of Treponema pallidum DNA in syphilis patients in saliva is unknown. METHODS: A total of 234 syphilis patients with different stages and 30 volunteers were enrolled. Paired saliva and plasma samples were collected from all the participants. Consecutive saliva samples from 9 patients were collected every 4 hours following treatment. Treponema pallidum DNA in samples was determined by nested PCR and droplet digital PCR targeting polA and Tpp47. RESULTS: Treponema pallidum DNA detection rates in saliva and plasma were 31.0% (9/29) and 51.7% (15/29) in primary syphilis(p=0.11), 87.5% (63/72) and 61.1% (44/72) in secondary syphilis(p<0.001), 25.6%(21/82) and 8.5%(7/82) in latent syphilis (p=0.004), 21.6%(11/51) and 5.9%(3/51) in symptomatic neurosyphilis (p=0.021), respectively. The loads of Tpp47 and polA in saliva were median 627 copies/ml (range, 0-101200 copies/ml) and median 726 copies/ml (range, 0-117260 copies/ml) for syphilis patients, respectively. In plasma, however, the loads of Tpp47 and polA were very low: median 0 copies/ml (range, 0-149.6 copies/ml) and median 0 copies/ml (range, 0-176 copies/ml), respectively. The loads of Treponema pallidum DNA in saliva during treatment were fluctuating downward, and the clearance time was positively correlated with the loads of Treponema pallidum DNA before treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The collection of saliva is noninvasive and convenient. The high loads of Treponema pallidum DNA in saliva and the reduction after treatment indicated that saliva can be not only a diagnostic fluid for syphilis, but also an indicator of therapeutic effectiveness.

14.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128488

RESUMO

Skimmin, a natural coumarin derivate, has been showed to be protective against experimental diabetic nephropathy; however, its protective effect on diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is not clarified. By using in vitro and in vivo models, we investigated skimmin's protective effect on impaired heart tissues in DCM. DCM was induced by streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg) using Sprague Dawley rats, and diabetic rats were treated with either skimmin (15 or 30 mg/kg) or the vehicle for 16 weeks, and normal rats were used as a control. Hematoxylin and eosin and Masson's trichrome staining were performed to evaluate the cardiac histopathology, and the oxidative stress and proinflammation cytokines in heart tissues were measured. The protein levels of key mediators in fibrosis, pyroptosis, and autophagy in heart tissues were investigated using western blotting. In vitro, primary neonatal cardiomyocytes were treated with skimmin (2 and 10 µM) under stimulation by high glucose (30 mM) and low glucose (5 mM) respectively, and the molecular mechanisms on pyroptosis and autophagy were studied. Compared to the vehicle-treated DCM group, skimmin treatment significantly improved the ejection fraction and fractional shortening of the left ventricle and reduced the oxidative stress by increasing the glutathione level and activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase. Skimmin also reduced cardiac fibrosis, and decreased proinflammation cytokines in cardiac tissues. Mechanism studies showed skimmin may enhance the autophagy and ameliorate NLRP3 inflammasome activation to play a protective role in DCM. This study, for the first time, indicates that skimmin might be a promising lead compound for DCM.

15.
Genes Genomics ; 42(12): 1431-1441, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury (MI/RI) is a complex pathophysiological process, which can lead to severe myocardial injury. The long noncoding RNA alpha-2-macroglobulin antisense RNA 1 (A2M-AS1) has been revealed to be abnormally expressed in MI, However, its function in MI and the potential mechanism are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional role of A2M-AS1 in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced neonatal cardiomyocytes and its potential molecular mechanism. METHODS: Dataset GSE66360 was obtained from GEO database for analyzing the RNA expression of A2M-AS1 and interleukin 1 receptor type 2 (IL1R2). KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of the genes that co-expressed with A2M-AS1 was performed. Human neonatal cardiomyocytes were subjected to H/R to construct in vitro models. QRT-PCR and Western blot were adopted to test the levels of mRNA and protein. The viability and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes were tested by CCK-8 and flow cytometry assays, respectively. RESULTS: The expression of A2M-AS1 was notably downregulated in H/R-treated cardiomyocytes. Overexpression of A2M-AS1 can notably enhance the cell viability of H/R-damaged cardiomyocytes, whereas knockdown of A2M-AS1 showed the opposite outcomes. Besides, a negative correlation was showed between A2M-AS1 and IL1R2 expression. In H/R-treated cardiomyocytes, overexpression of IL1R2 weakened the promoting proliferation and anti-apoptosis effects caused by overexpressing A2M-AS1, however, IL1R2-knockdown abolished the anti-proliferation and pro-apoptosis effects caused by silencing A2M-AS1. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the potential regulatory role of A2M-AS1/ IL1R2 axis in cardiomyocytes suffered from H/R, and provides insight into the protection of MI/RI.

16.
Med Ultrason ; 22(4): 393-401, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905558

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aims to evaluate and validate a simple quantitative ultrasound (US) method for determining the hepatic fat content (HFC) based on the combination of quantitative US hepatic/renal ratio (US-HRR) and quantitative US hepatic echo-intensity attenuation rate (US-HAR) as compared with [1H]-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were a total of 242 subjects recruited in the present study. All subjects were examined for HFC by quantitative US and 1H-MRS methods. The QUS-HRR and QUS-HAR were calculated from ordinary ultrasound images of liver and kidney with a triple modality 3D abdominal phantom using the Image J software. RESULTS: The results found that US-HRR and US-HAR correlated with 1H-MRS HFC (US-HRR: r=0.946, p<0.001; US-HAR: r=0.936, p<0.001). The equation for HFC prediction by using quantitative US was: HFC (%) = 28.965 × US-HRR + 218.045 × US-HAR - 8.892. Subgroup analysis in study subjects with body mass index (BMI) ≥28 showed that quantitative US HFC was associated with 1H-MRS HFC (R2=0.953, p<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis observed that the cut-off value of fatty liver diagnosis was 6.71% in using the quantitative US model; the sensitivity and specificity for fatty liver diagnosis were 94.15% and 96.30%, respectively. Variability analysis indicated that there was a relative high degree of consistency in the measurement of HFC with different operators or ultrasonic apparatus. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative US measurement could be regarded as a simple, sensitive tool to accurately assess HFC. It provides a valid alternative to 1H-MRS as an easy, non-invasive option for the precise estimation of HFC in clinical practice.

17.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 9(4): 1496-1506, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32953521

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the effect of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) on pulmonary oligometastases and to analyze the clinical factors and dose parameters affecting local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) and overall survival (OS). Methods: This study retrospectively enrolled a total of 84 patients (148 lesions) treated in our department from May 2015 to November 2018. Pulmonary oligometastases was defined as up to 5 metastatic lesions in the lung and with both the primary tumor and any extra-thoracic metastases being controlled. Patients receiving a BED10 (biological effective dose, α/ß =10) of SBRT ≥75 Gy and a dose/fraction ≥4 Gy were enrolled. The patient group consisted of 52 men (61.9%) and 32 women (38.1%), with a median age 56 years (range, 29-80 years). Median tumor diameter was 1.71cm (range, 1.2-5.0 cm). The BED10 was 75-119 Gy in 4-15 fractions. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed on factors predicting the outcomes. Results: All patients completed the treatment as planned, and the median follow-up time was 20.3 months. The median OS for the entire group was 34.3 months, with an actuarial 1-, 2-, 3- and 5-year OS of 74.7%, 59.4%, 49.7%, and 36.8%, respectively. Among the 148 lesions in the whole group, 19 (12.8%) lesions had local recurrence (LR). The median LRFS time for all patients was 56.9 months. The LRFS rate was 93.6%, 83.5%, 81.4%, and 76.6% at 1, 2, 3, and 5 years, respectively. No patient developed acute grade 3 or 4 toxicity. On univariate analysis, age ≥63 years old, primary site of colorectal cancer, BED10 <85.2 Gy, pathological type of adenocarcinoma, planning target volume (PTV) min BED10 <76.6 Gy, and gross tumor volume (GTV) ≥8.8 cc, were significantly associated with poorer LRFS. Multivariate analysis showed that age ≥63 years old, primary site of colorectal cancer, and PTV min BED10 <76.6 Gy were significant risk factors affecting LRFS. Conclusions: SBRT is feasible for pulmonary oligometastasis with favorable local control and minimal toxicity. Multiple dose parameters, instead of a prescription dose only, in combination with clinical parameters, should be considered for optimal local control.

18.
Leukemia ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943751

RESUMO

Limited evidence supports the use of early endpoints to evaluate the success of initial treatment of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) in the modern era. We aim to analyze progression-free survival at 24 months (PFS24) and subsequent overall survival (OS) in a large-scale multicenter cohort of patients. 1790 patients were included from the China Lymphoma Collaborative Group (CLCG) database. Subsequent OS was defined from the time of PFS24 or progression within 24 months to death. OS was compared with age- and sex-matched general Chinese population using expected survival and standardized mortality ratio (SMR). Patients who did not achieve PFS24 had a median OS of 5.3 months after progression, with 5-year OS rate of 19.2% and the SMR of 71.4 (95% CI, 62.9-81.1). In contrast, 74% patients achieved PFS24, and the SMR after achieving PFS24 was 1.77 (95% CI, 1.34-2.34). The observed OS rate after PFS24 versus expected OS rate at 5 years was 92.2% versus 94.3%. Similarly, superior outcomes following PFS24 were observed in early-stage patients (5-year OS rate, 92.9%). Patients achieving PFS24 had excellent outcome, whereas patients exhibiting earlier progression had a poor survival. These marked differences suggest that PFS24 may be used for study design and risk stratification in ENKTCL.

19.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876985

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) is one of the key essential macronutrients that affects rice growth and yield. Inorganic N fertilizers are excessively used to boost yield and generate serious collateral environmental pollution. Therefore, improving crop N use efficiency (NUE) is highly desirable and has been a major endeavour in crop improvement. However, only a few regulators have been identified that can be used to improve NUE in rice to date. Here we show that the rice NIN-like protein 4 (OsNLP4) significantly improves the rice NUE and yield. Field trials consistently showed that loss-of-OsNLP4 dramatically reduced yield and NUE compared with wild type under different N regimes. In contrast, the OsNLP4 overexpression lines remarkably increased yield by 30% and NUE by 47% under moderate N level compared with wild type. Transcriptomic analyses revealed that OsNLP4 orchestrates the expression of a majority of known N uptake, assimilation and signalling genes by directly binding to the nitrate-responsive cis-element in their promoters to regulate their expression. Moreover, overexpression of OsNLP4 can recover the phenotype of Arabidopsis nlp7 mutant and enhance its biomass. Our results demonstrate that OsNLP4 plays a pivotal role in rice NUE and sheds light on crop NUE improvement.

20.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820948054, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815451

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of high mobility group protein-1 (HMGB1) in the proliferation and migration of lung cancer cells. CCK-8 assays and colony formation assays were used to evaluate the effect of HMGB1 regulation on cancer cell viability and colony formation. Trans-well assays and wound healing assays were also performed. Our data showed that HMGB1 is upregulated in clinical lung cancer tissues compared with non-cancer tissues, and it is differentially expressed in lung cancer cell lines. The knockdown of HMGB1 in A549 lung cancer cells significantly reduced cell proliferation, viability and motility. In contrast, overexpression of HMGB1 in lung cancer H1299 cells significantly increased cell viability and motility. Western blotting showed that HMGB1 could promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The Wnt/ß-catenin pathway was activated after overexpression of HMGB1 in H1299 cells, while it was inactivated by knocking down HMGB1 in A549 cells. These data suggest that HMGB1 promotes the proliferation and migration of lung cancer cells in vitro. The carcinogenic behavior of HMGB1 can be achieved by activating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...