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1.
Int J Hematol ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040275

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis (AL amyloidosis) is characterized by the presence of B cells producing amyloidogenic immunoglobulin light chains (LCs). The low frequency of aberrant B cells in AL is often masked by a polyclonal B cell background, making it difficult for treatment. We analyzed the single-cell RNA sequencing data from GEO database to compare the plasma cell (PCs) in four individuals with AL amyloidosis, one AL subject after treatment, and six healthy controls. High interindividual variability in AL-derived PCs in their expression pattern of known overexpressed genes in multiple myeloma and their usage of V regions in LCs was demonstrated. We also found overexpression of MHC class I molecules as one of the common features of clonal PCs in individuals with AL amyloidosis. Significantly reduced frequencies of circulating natural killer (NK) cells were also observed in a small cohort of AL patients when compared to healthy controls. These data demonstrate that aberrant PCs in AL has a highly diverse transcriptome, an upregulation of MHC, and a dampened capability of immunosurveillance by reduction of circulating NK frequencies. The analysis of clonal PCs at single cell level may provide a better approach for precise molecular profiling and diagnosis of AL amyloidosis.

2.
Cell Transplant ; 29: 963689720962052, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040597

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the common complications of diabetes mellitus. C1q/TNF-related protein 9 (CTRP9) has been demonstrated to be associated with the progression of diabetes and relative complications. However, its role in DR and underlying action of mechanism are not yet well understood. In the present study, human retinal pigment epithelial ARPE-19 cells were cultured under high concentration of glucose to simulate hyperglycemia condition in vitro. Our results showed that the expression of CTRP9 was significantly decreased in high glucose (HG)-stimulated ARPE-19 cells. CTRP9 overexpression improved HG-caused reduction in cell viability of ARPE-19 cells. CTRP9 overexpression significantly attenuated HG-induced oxidative stress, as proved by decreased levels of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde, and increased superoxide dismutase activity. Moreover, CTRP9 also prevented apoptosis in ARPE-19 cells in response to HG stimulation with decreased caspse-3 activity and bax expression, as well as increased bcl-2 expression. In contrast, knockdown of CTRP9 aggravated HG-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. Furthermore, CTRP9 significantly induced the activation of AMPK/Nrf2 pathway in HG-induced ARPE-19 cells. Notably, inhibiting AMPK or Nrf2 blocked the protective effect of CTRP9 on ARPE-19 cells exposed to HG stimulation. Taken together, our findings suggested a protective effect of CTRP9 on HG-induced ARPE-19 cells and a putative mechanism involving the activation of AMPK/Nrf2 signaling pathway.

4.
Bioorg Chem ; 105: 104363, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075665

RESUMO

Twenty-four new limonoids, toonaolides A-X (1-24), characterized with an α,ß-unsaturated-γ-lactone A-ring were isolated from the twigs of Toona ciliata. Their structures and absolute configurations were elucidated by spectroscopic data, X-ray diffraction crystallography, and quantum chemistry calculations. Most of the isolated compounds (except 9, 18, and 24 which possessed the maleimide ring) featured the rare 21-hydroxybutenolide or 23-hydroxybutenolide moieties. In particular, compound 1 has an unprecedented limonoid architecture with 6/6 cis-fused A/B ring system and 2 has an unusual tetrahydrofuran ring B skeleton, featuring a 7/5/6/5 ring system. The biological evaluation showed that compounds 9, 11, 12, 14, and 18 exhibited significantly anti-NLRP3 inflammasome activity with IC50 values ranging from 3.2 to 9.7 µM. Analysis of IL-1ß and caspase-1 expression revealed that compounds 11 and 12 are selective inhibitors of NLRP3 inflammasome, which could ameliorate cell pyroptosis by blocking NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 583: 24-32, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971502

RESUMO

SnO2/TiO2 type II heterojunctions are often introduced to enhance the separation efficiency of photogenerated carriers in photoelectrochemical electrodes, while most of these heterojunctions are of core-shell structure, which often limits the synergistic effect from the two components. In this work, dissymmetric SnO2/TiO2 side-by-side bi-component nanofibers (SBNFs) with tunable composition ratios have been prepared by a novel needleless electrospinning technique with two V-shape connected conductive channels (V-channel electrospinning). Results show that this V-channel electrospinning technique is more stable, controllable and tunable for the large-scale preparation of SBNF materials compared to the traditional electrospinning using two side-by-side metal needles. And these SnO2/TiO2 SBNFs are dissymmetric and comprised of a tiny SnO2 NF (tunable diameter within 20-80 nm) and a Sn-doped TiO2 NF (diameter of ~ 250 nm) with a side-by-side structure. Moreover, the dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) based these dissymmetric SnO2/TiO2 SBNFs show the maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 8.3%, which is 2.59 times that of the ones based on the TiO2 NFs. Series of analyses indicate that the enhancements in PCE could mainly be due to the improved electron transport via SnO2 NFs and the enhanced carrier separation via dissymmetric SnO2/TiO2 heterojunction interface. This research will give some new insight in the preparation of SBNFs for high-performance photoelectrochemical devices.

7.
Chemistry ; 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969556

RESUMO

Organic semiconductors with ultralong-range exciton diffusion length is highly desirable for optoelectronics but currently remain rare. Here, we show the diffusion length of singlet excitons (LD) in 2,6-diphenyl anthracene (DPA) crystals grown by solvent evaporation is up to ~124 nm. These crystals show a previously unseen parallelogram morphology with layer-by-layer edge-on molecular stacking, isotropic optical waveguiding, radiation rate and non-radiation rate constants of 0.15 ns-1 and 0.26 ns-1 respectively, as well as good field effect transistor hole mobility and theoretically computed strong electronic couplings as high as 109 meV. Photoresponse experiments reveal that the photoconductivity of DPA crystals is surprisingly not related to the radiative pathway, but associated with rapid exciton diffusion to crystal surface for charge separation and carrier bimolecular recombination. Taken together, this study shows that DPA with ultralong-range exciton diffusion length is a promising semiconducting material for new organic optoelectronics paradigm.

8.
Org Lett ; 22(20): 7820-7824, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991190

RESUMO

Euphopias A-C (1-3), three rearranged jatrophane-type diterpenoids with tricyclo[8.3.0.02,7]tridecane (1 and 2) and tetracyclo[11.3.0.02,10.03,7]hexadecane (3) cores, were isolated from Euphorbia helioscopia. Comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, quantum-chemical calculations, and X-ray diffractions were used to identify their structures. Compounds 1-3 could significantly inhibit NLRP3 inflammasome activation and block NLRP3 inflammasome-induced pyroptosis. Additionally, a mechanistic study revealed that 2 could ameliorate mitochondria damage, thereby interrupting NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

9.
Biomater Sci ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996988

RESUMO

Thrombotic and inflammatory complications induced by vascular implants remain a challenge to treat cardiovascular disease due to the lack of self-adaption and functional integrity of implants. Inspired by the dynamic remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM), we constructed a bio-mimic ECM with a dual-layer nano-architecture on the implant surface to render the surface adaptive to inflammatory stimuli and remodelable possessing long-term anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic capability. The inner layer consists of PCL-PEG-PCL [triblock copolymer of polyethylene glycol and poly(ε-caprolactone)]/Au-heparin electrospun fibers encapsulated with indomethacin while the outer layer is composed of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and ROS-responsive poly(2-(4-((2,6-dimethoxy-4-methylphenoxy)methyl)phenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane) (PBA) fibers. In response to acute inflammation after vascular injury, the outer layer reduces ROS rapidly by PBA degradation for inflammation suppression. The degraded outer layer facilitates inner layer reconstruction with enhanced hemocompatibility through the H-bond between PVA and PCL-PEG-PCL. Furthermore, chronic inflammation is effectively depressed with the sustained release of indomethacin from the inner layer. The substantial enhancement of the functional integrity of implants and reduction of thrombotic and inflammatory complications with the self-adaptive ECM are demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. Our work paves a new way to develop long-term anti-thrombotic and anti-inflammatory implants with self-adaption and self-regulation properties.

10.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732524

RESUMO

Dystrophia myotonica type 1 (DM1) and DM2 are the most common muscular dystrophies. In both diseases, the skeletal muscle is the most severely affected. Additional symptoms are also involved in the eye, heart, brain, endocrine glands, gastrointestinal tract, skin, skeleton, and peripheral nerves. Skeletal muscle pathology is mainly manifested as myopathic changes including internal nuclei, sarcoplasmic masses, preferential type 1 fiber atrophy, and so on. Rimmed vacuoles (RVs) seen on muscle biopsy are areas of muscle destruction with an accumulation of autophagic vacuoles. However, there is no report about RVs in skeletal muscle of myotonic dystrophy patients. Here, we describe the first case of DM1 with RVs in skeletal muscle pathology.

11.
Clin Neuropathol ; 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831159

RESUMO

AIMS: Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is a kind of autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction that is often misdiagnosed as a peripheral nerve disease or myopathy. For some difficult cases, muscle biopsy examination is useful for differential diagnosis. However, studies about the pathological findings of LEMS patients are rare, especially of patients who were diagnosed with small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). This study aimed to describe several pathological muscle features in patients with LEMS associated with SCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 5 patients enrolled in this study were diagnosed with LEMS associated with SCLC by clinical manifestation, electromyography, and lung biopsy. Muscle biopsies were performed for the patients, and enzyme histopathology was assessed. RESULTS: The hematoxylin and eosin (H & E) stain showed different sizes of fibers, and the shape of atrophic fibers were angular or polygonal. The adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) stain demonstrated that the majority of atrophic fibers were type II. Type II fiber predominance was observed in case 1 and case 5. Also, scattered muscle fiber necrosis was shown in case 3. CONCLUSION: Type II fiber atrophy and type II fiber predominance may often be found in patients with LEMS associated with SCLC. Also, scattered fiber necrosis may appear in this disease.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787151

RESUMO

Bridging integrator-1 (BIN1) is a family of banana-shaped molecules implicated in cell membrane tubulation. To understand the curvature sensitivity and functional roles of BIN1 splicing isoforms, we engineered vertical nanobars on a cell culture substrate to create high and low curvatures. When expressed individually, BIN1 isoforms with phosphoinositide-binding motifs (pBIN1) appeared preferentially at high-curvature nanobar ends, agreeing well with their membrane tubulation in cardiomyocytes. In contrast, the ubiquitous BIN1 isoform without phosphoinositide-binding motif (uBIN1) exhibited no affinity to membranes around nanobars but accumulated along Z-lines in cardiomyocytes. Importantly, in pBIN1-uBIN1 coexpression, pBIN1 recruited uBIN1 to high-curvature membranes at nanobar ends, and uBIN1 attached the otherwise messy pBIN1 tubules to Z-lines. The complementary cooperation of BIN1 isoforms (comboBIN1) represents a novel mechanism of T-tubule formation along Z-lines in cardiomyocytes. Dysregulation of BIN1 splicing, e.g., during myocardial infarction, underlied T-tubule disorganization, and correction of uBIN1/pBIN1 stoichiometry rescued T-tubule morphology in heart disease.

13.
Plant Physiol ; 184(2): 923-932, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796091

RESUMO

Photoperiod- and thermosensitive genic male sterility (P/TGMS) lines are widely used in crop breeding. The fertility conversion of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) TGMS lines including cals5-2, which is defective in callose wall formation, relies on slow development under low temperatures. In this study, we discovered that cals5-2 also exhibits PGMS. Fertility of cals5-2 was restored when pollen development was slowed under short-day photoperiods or low light intensity, suggesting that slow development restores the fertility of cals5-2 under these conditions. We found that several other TGMS lines with defects in pollen wall formation also exhibited PGMS characteristics. This similarity indicates that slow development is a general mechanism of PGMS fertility restoration. Notably, slow development also underlies the fertility recovery of TGMS lines. Further analysis revealed the pollen wall features during the formation of functional pollens of these P/TGMS lines under permissive conditions. We conclude that slow development is a general mechanism for fertility restoration of P/TGMS lines and allows these plants to take different strategies to overcome pollen formation defects.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21524, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756195

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) is a chronic progressive idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, with characteristic rimmed vacuoles and sarcoplasmic abnormal tau protein deposits. THK5317, an F-labelled positron emission tomography (PET) marker, targets tau protein deposits, which are expressed in the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is assumed that THK5317 PET/MRI may also depict tau protein in the skeletal muscles of patients with sIBM. Here we introduced a novel application of tau PET in diagnosis of sIBM in a rare case. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented a 46-year-old woman who suffered from progressive lower limb weakness for one and a half year. DIAGNOSES: Needle electromyography showed myogenic damage. Characteristic myopathological changes of sIBM were discovered, and abnormal tau protein deposits were identified by tau immunostaining. Genetic testing ruled out the GNE myopathy, a hereditary distal myopathy with rimmed vacuoles. The patient was finally diagnosed as sIBM. INTERVENTIONS: We performed [F] THK5317 PET/MRI on the patient. OUTCOMES: There were significantly increased tau uptake levels in the quadriceps muscles of sIBM patient. The uptake levels of tau in the quadriceps were significantly higher than that in the posterior group of thigh muscles, which was consistent with the distribution characteristics of involved muscle groups. LESSONS: [F] THK5317 PET can reveal muscular tau deposition in vivo, which provides a new and noninvasive diagnostic method for sIBM and offers the opportunity to monitor the progression of tau pathology along with muscle impairment.


Assuntos
Miosite de Corpos de Inclusão/diagnóstico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Compostos de Anilina , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Feminino , Radioisótopos de Flúor , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miosite de Corpos de Inclusão/diagnóstico por imagem , Quinolinas
16.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 317, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This present study is aimed to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel personalized navigation template in proximal femoral corrective osteotomy for the treatment of DDH. METHODS: Twenty-nine consecutive patients with DDH who underwent proximal femoral corrective osteotomy were evaluated between August 2013 and June 2017. Based on the different surgical methods, they were divided into the conventional group (n = 14) and navigation template group (n = 15). The osteotomy degrees, radiation exposure, and operation time were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: No major complications relating to osteotomy surgery such as redislocation or avascular necrosis occurred in the navigation template group, which had more accurate osteotomy degrees, less radiation exposure, and shorter operation time when compared with the conventional group (P < 0.05). Moreover, there was significant difference according to the McKay criteria between the two groups (P = 0.0362). CONCLUSIONS: The novel personalized navigation template in proximal femoral corrective osteotomy is effective and safe, which could improve the femoral osteotomy accuracy, reduce radiation exposure, and shorten operation time.

17.
Hemoglobin ; : 1-5, 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811243

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate a family with nonhomologous sequence recombination of HBA1 and HBA2 genes and provide a favorable basis for genetic counseling and eugenics. Peripheral blood of family members was collected. Hematological parameters were determined by an automated cell counter and hemoglobin (Hb) analysis was performed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Villus samples were taken for prenatal diagnosis (PND). Gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR) and reverse dot-blot were used for thalassemia genotyping. DNA sequencing was used to analyze the gene sequence of HBA1 (α1-globin) and HBA2 (α2-globin). The nonhomologous sequence recombination allelic variant of HBA1 and HBA2 genes were identified, namely, a gene conversion on the HBA2 gene called α12 (HBA12). The α12 allele consists primarily of the HBA2 gene sequence except for a segment of the IVS-II in which HBA2-specific sequences have been replaced by HBA1-specific sequences. The following genotypes were observed: - -SEA/αα12 (Southeast Asian deletion), αα/αα12 and αQSα/αα12 (Hb Quong Sze or Hb QS; HBA2: c.377T>C), and all manifested as small cell hypochromic anemia. To find the α12 allele in the Chinese population and clarify the influence of the α12 allele and its common inheritance with abnormal Hb and α-thalassemia (α-thal) on α-globin gene expression can help guide clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling.

19.
Vet Microbiol ; 246: 108724, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605742

RESUMO

The classical swine (CS) H1N1 swine influenza virus (SIVs) emerged in humans as a reassortant virus that caused the H1N1 influenza virus pandemic in 2009, and the European avian-like (EA) H1N1 SIVs has caused several human infections in European and Asian countries. Development of the influenza vaccines that could provide effective protective efficacy against SIVs remains a challenge. In this study, the bivalent reassortant inactivated vaccine comprised of SH1/PR8 and G11/PR8 arboring the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes from prevalent CS and EA H1N1 SIVs and six internal genes from the A/Puerto Rico/8/34(PR8) virus was developed. The protective efficacy of this bivalent vaccine was evaluated in mice challenged with the lethal doses of CS and EA H1N1 SIVs. The result showed that univalent inactivated vaccine elicited high-level antibody against homologous H1N1 viruses while cross-reactive antibody responses to heterologous H1N1 viruses were not fully effective. In a mouse model, the bivalent inactivated vaccine conferred complete protection against lethal challenge doses of EA SH1 virus or CS G11 virus, whereas the univalent inactivated vaccine only produced insufficient protection against heterologous SIVs. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that the reassortant bivalent inactivated vaccine comprised of SH1/PR8 and G11/PR8 could provide effective protection against the prevalent EA and CS H1N1 subtype SIVs in mice.

20.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(4): 1725-1733, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608679

RESUMO

The excessive use and abuse of antibiotics has brought about serious threats to water environmental safety and human health. It is necessary to develop efficient, cheap, and environmentally friendly treatment technologies for antibiotics. In this work, a Ni-doped Sb-SnO2 microporous ceramic ring particle electrode was prepared by the dipping method and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersion spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The electrocatalytic oxidation ability and kinetic characteristics of sulfadiazine (SDZ) were studied using the prepared electrode, and the degradation pathways of SDZ were analyzed preliminarily. The results showed that Ni and Sb-SnO2 crystals were loaded on the particle electrode surface, which is beneficial for electron transfer and SDZ adsorption and improvement of electrocatalytic oxidation efficiency. Under the conditions of 0.02 mol·L-1 NaCl solution (pH 8), 15 mA·cm-2 of current density, and 15 g particle electrode, 50 mg·L-1 SDZ could be completely removed on the three-dimensional electrode within 15 min. The removal efficiency of TOC in the reaction solution reached 80.8% for 3 h degradation and was 17.6% higher than that with two-dimensional electrode. The kinetic process of the electrocatalytic oxidation could be well described by the first-order reaction kinetic model, and the rate constant was 0.329 min-1. The degradation products of SDZ were identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and the possible pathways of electrocatalytic degradation mainly include the fractures of S-N bond on sulfamido and C-N bond on pyrimidine ring, desulfonation, deamination, and·OH oxidation.

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