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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 150018, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525734

RESUMO

Drought is a complicated and costly natural hazard and identification of critical drought factors is critical for modeling and forecasting of droughts and hence development of drought mitigation measures (the Standardized Precipitation-Evapotranspiration Index) in both space and time. Here we quantified relationships between drought and 23 drought factors using remote sensing data during the period of 2002-2016. Based on the Gradient Boosting Algorithm (GBM), we found that precipitation and soil moisture had relatively large contributions to droughts. During the growing season, the relative importance of Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI-7) for SPEI3, SPEI6, SPEI9, and SPEI12 reached as high as 50%. However, during the non-growing season, the Snow Cover Fraction (SCF) had larger fractional relative importance for short-term droughts in the Inner Mongolia and the Loess Plateau which can reach as high as 10%. We also compared Extremely Randomized Trees (ERT), H2O-based Deep Learning (Model developed by H2O.deep learning in R H2O.DL), and Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) for drought prediction at various time scales, and found that the ERT model had the highest prediction performance with R2 > 0.72. Based on the Meta-Gaussian model, we quantified the probability of maize yield reduction in the North China Plain under different compound dry-hot conditions. Due to extreme drought and hot conditions, Shandong Province in North China had the highest probability of >80% of the maize yield reduction; due to the extreme hot conditions, Jiangsu Province in East China had the largest probability of >86% of the maize yield reduction.


Assuntos
Secas , Zea mays , China , Estações do Ano , Solo
2.
JACS Au ; 1(10): 1766-1777, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723279

RESUMO

Recent experiments suggested that ATP can effectively stabilize protein structure and inhibit protein aggregation when its concentration is less than 10 mM, which is significantly lower than cosolvent concentrations required in conventional mechanisms. The ultrahigh efficiency of ATP suggests a unique mechanism that is fundamentally different from previous models of cosolvents. In this work, we used molecular dynamics simulation and experiments to study the interactions of ATPs with three proteins: lysozyme, ubiquitin, and malate dehydrogenase. ATP tends to bind to the surface regions with high flexibility and high degree of hydration. These regions are also vulnerable to thermal perturbations. The bound ATPs further assemble into ATP clusters mediated by Mg2+ and Na+ ions. More interestingly, in Mg2+-free ATP solution, Na+ at higher concentration (150 mM under physiological conditions) can similarly mediate the formation of the ATP cluster on protein. The ATP cluster can effectively reduce the fluctuations of the vulnerable region and thus stabilize the protein against thermal perturbations. Both ATP binding and the considerable improvement of thermal stability of ATP-bound protein were verified by experiments.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(94): 12595-12598, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724523

RESUMO

The upcycling of waste plastic offers an attractive way to protect the environment and turn waste into value-added chemicals and H2 fuel. Herein, we report a novel electroreforming strategy to upcycle waste polyethylene terephthalate into high value-added chemicals, such as terephthalate and carbonate, over a Pd modified Ni foam catalyst. This system exhibits excellent electrocatalytic activity (400 mA cm-2 at 0.7 V vs. RHE) and high selectivity (95%)/faradaic efficiency (93%) for the product carbonate. Our work demonstrates a technology that can not only transform waste polyethylene terephthalate into value-added chemicals but also generate H2 fuel via an all-in-one electro-driven process.

4.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(11)2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821651

RESUMO

Hemodynamic status has been perceived as an important diagnostic value as fundamental physiological health conditions, including decisive signs of fatal diseases like arteriosclerosis, can be diagnosed by monitoring it. Currently, the conventional hemodynamic monitoring methods highly rely on imaging techniques requiring inconveniently large numbers of operation procedures and equipment for mapping and with a high risk of radiation exposure. Herein, an ultra-thin, noninvasive, and flexible electronic skin (e-skin) hemodynamic monitoring system based on the thermal properties of blood vessels underneath the epidermis that can be portably attached to the skin for operation is introduced. Through a series of thermal sensors, the temperatures of each subsection of the arrayed sensors are observed in real-time, and the measurements are transmitted and displayed on the screen of an external device wirelessly through a Bluetooth module using a graphical user interface (GUI). The degrees of the thermal property of subsections are indicated with a spectrum of colors that specify the hemodynamic status of the target vessel. In addition, as the sensors are installed on a soft substrate, they can operate under twisting and bending without any malfunction. These characteristics of e-skin sensors exhibit great potential in wearable and portable diagnostics including point-of-care (POC) devices.

6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 227: 113966, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749200

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is unprecedented in human history. As a major structural protein, nucleocapsid protein (NPro) is critical to the replication of SARS-CoV-2. In this work, 17 NPro-targeting phenanthridine derivatives were rationally designed and synthesized, based on the crystal structure of NPro. Most of these compounds can interact with SARS-CoV-2 NPro tightly and inhibit the replication of SARS-CoV-2 in vitro. Compounds 12 and 16 exhibited the most potent anti-viral activities with 50% effective concentration values of 3.69 and 2.18 µM, respectively. Furthermore, site-directed mutagenesis of NPro and Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) assays revealed that 12 and 16 target N-terminal domain (NTD) of NPro by binding to Tyr109. This work found two potent anti-SARS-CoV-2 bioactive compounds and also indicated that SARS-CoV-2 NPro-NTD can be a target for new anti-virus agents.

7.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821890

RESUMO

The hexagonal-phase (ß) of NaREF4 upconversion nanocrystals (RE = rare earth elements) has been widely employed because of the outstanding luminescence performance, yet less is known about the essence of this superior property. The current understanding of this issue is raised from the advantage of weak electron-vibration interactions in fluoride systems, while the interpretability of this statement is controversial and contradictory results are commonly reported. One feasible way to solve this puzzle is from the aspect of "structure-property" relationship, yet even after decades of investigation, the structural details of ß-NaREF4 are still under debate. Herein, the reported results relevant to this topic are reviewed, and the conflicting viewpoints are summarized. The similarities and differences between different lattice templates are assessed, and the reasons underlying the divergence are analysed. Based on these discussions, it is realized that the crystal structure of ß-NaREF4 should be more reliably depicted as one flexible lattice framework with complex characteristics, and the structural disorder induced by atom displacements in the lattice is probably the key to supporting the superior luminescence properties of ß-NaREF4 nanocrystals.

8.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 8249-8262, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815698

RESUMO

Purpose: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a common gynaecologic malignancy with an increasing incidence rate and mortality in recent years. N6-methylandenosine (m6A)-related long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) plays a vital role in EC, emerging as one of the most abundant RNA modifications. Materials and Methods: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and UCSC Xena were used to download data related to EC. Survival and univariate and multifactorial prognostic analyses were performed for m6A-related lncRNAs. The expression levels of the three lncRNAs were verified using q-PCR. A nomogram was used to create a clinical tool to assess overall survival. To investigate the relationship between m6A-related lncRNA and EC, we downloaded differential genes related to EC from the TCGA database and mined three m6A-related lncRNAs, namely SCARNA9, TRAF3IP2-AS1, and AL133243.2. The data were categorized into high- and low-risk groups based on m6A-associated lncRNA. Results: Survival analysis revealed that the high-risk group had a lower survival rate. Survival analysis of three m6A-associated lncRNAs revealed that cases with high expression of SCARNA9 tended to have a poorer prognosis, whereas the opposite was true for TRAF3IP2-AS1, AL133243.2. Univariate and multifactorial prognostic analyses suggested statistical differences in patients' age, FIGO stage, pathological grade, risk score, and prognosis of EC, which was confirmed by results of the separate prognostic factor analysis for the three lncRNAs. Risk status was validated as an independent prognostic indicator, and the prognostic nomogram combined patient age, pathological stage, and FIGO classification to assess 3-5-year survival. Cases from high- and low-risk groups were analysed for the tumour microenvironment and immune cell scores, and stromal cell scores were found to be lower in the high-risk group. Correlations were analysed using different databases for immune cell classification. Conclusion: m6A-related lncRNAs may play a key role in the diagnosis and treatment of EC as targets of prognosis and the immune microenvironment.

9.
Photosynth Res ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780003

RESUMO

Desert plants evolve different photosynthetic organs to adapt to the extreme environment. We studied the leaf and canopy gas exchange, chlorophyll content, fluorescence parameters, and anatomical structure of different photosynthetic organs (leaf and assimilating stem) on four desert plants (Nitraria sphaerocarpa, Caragana korshinskii, Haloxylon ammodendron, and Calligonum mongolicum). The results showed a higher net photosynthetic rate (PN) in the assimilating stems of H. ammodendron and C. mongolicum, which also had a higher light saturation point and a lower light compensation point than leaves (N. sphaerocarpa and C. korshinskii), suggesting more efficient solar energy utilization in the former. Within each species, canopy apparent photosynthetic rate (CAP) was significantly lower than PN, and the daily average CAP of the assimilating stems was significantly higher than leaves. These findings indicated that the photosynthetic response of desert plants was specific to photosynthetic organs. We concluded that the assimilating stem was a superior adaption for desert plants to survive the arid environments.

10.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 750773, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803915

RESUMO

Background: The effect of smoking on coronary artery plaques examined by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients is not fully understood. This study explored the effect of smoking on coronary artery plaques by comparing the characteristics of plaques between diabetes patients with and without a smoking history and among those with different smoking durations. Materials and Methods: In total, 1058 DM patients found to have coronary plaques on CCTA were categorized into the smoker (n=448) and nonsmoker groups (n=610). Smokers were stratified by smoking duration [≤20 years (n=115), 20~40 years (n=233) and >40 years (n=100)]. The plaque types, luminal stenosis [obstructive (<50%) or nonobstructive (≥50%) stenosis], segment involvement score (SIS), and segment stenosis score (SSS) of the CCTA data were compared among groups. Results: Compared to nonsmokers, smokers demonstrated increased odds ratios (ORs) of any noncalcified plaques (OR=1.423; P=0.014), obstructive plaques (OR=1.884; P<0.001), multivessel disease (OR=1.491; P=0.020), SIS≥4 (OR=1.662; P<0.001), and SSS≥7 (OR=1.562; P=0.001). Compared to diabetes patients with a smoking duration ≤20 years, those with a smoking duration of 20~40 years and >40 years had higher OR of any mixed plaques (OR=2.623 and 3.052, respectively; Ps<0.001), obstructive plaques (OR=2.004 and 2.098; P=0.003 and 0.008, respectively), multivessel disease (OR=3.171 and 3.784; P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively), and SSS≥7 (OR=1.605 and 1.950; P=0.044 and 0.020, respectively). Diabetes with a smoking duration >40 years had a higher OR of SIS≥4 (OR=1.916, P=0.034). Conclusion: Smoking is independently associated with the presence of noncalcified, obstructive, and more extensive coronary artery plaques in diabetes patients, and a longer smoking duration is significantly associated with a higher risk of mixed, obstructive, and more extensive plaques.

11.
ACS Omega ; 6(45): 30716-30725, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805699

RESUMO

Rich chemical properties and a well-developed pore structure are the key factors of porous materials for gas storage. Herein, rich heteroatom-doped porous carbon nanofibers (U1K2-X) with a large surface area were prepared by electrospinning followed by potassium hydroxide (KOH) activation. Low-cost urea was chosen as the nitrogen source and structural guiding agent. U1K2-X have a high specific surface area (628-2688 m2 g-1), excellent pore volume (0.468-1.571 cm3 g-1), and abundant nitrogen (2.5-12.8 atom %) and oxygen (4.5-12.5 atom %) contents. Acetone and carbon dioxide were used as target adsorbents to evaluate the adsorption properties of U1K2-X by experiments. These U1K2-X exhibit excellent adsorption performance (260.03-955.74 mg g-1, 25 °C, 18 kPa) and multilayer adsorption (the adsorption layer number n > 2) for acetone, which is mainly attributed to the large specific surface area and pore volume. Besides this, the carbon dioxide uptake reached 2.73-3.34 mmol g-1 at 25 °C. This was attributed to the combination of high nitrogen-oxygen contents and microporous structure. Furthermore, U1K2-X show the desirable repeatability. This study provides a new direction for the preparation of heteroatom-doped porous carbon nanofibers, which will be a promising material for gas adsorption.

12.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The majority of heart failure (HF) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) manifests as a phenotype with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction; however, the exact contribution of left atrial (LA) phasic function to HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in HCM remains unresolved. PURPOSE: To define the association between LA function and HFpEF in HCM patients using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) feature tracking. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: One hundred and fifty-four HCM patients (HFpEF vs. non-HF: 55 [34 females] vs. 99 [43 females]). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0 T/balanced steady-state free precession. ASSESSMENT: LA reservoir function (reservoir strain [εs ], total ejection fraction [EF]), conduit function (conduit strain [εe ], passive EF), booster-pump function (booster strain [εa ] and active EF), LA volume index, and LV global longitudinal strain (LV GLS) were evaluated in HCM patients. STATISTICAL TESTS: Chi-square test, Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, multivariate linear regression, logistic regression, and net reclassification analysis were used. Two-sided P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in LV GLS between the non-HF and HFpEF group (-10.67 ± 3.14% vs. -10.14 ± 4.01%, P = 0.397), whereas the HFpEF group had more severely impaired LA phasic strain (εs : 27.40 [22.60, 35.80] vs. 18.15 [11.98, 25.90]; εe : 13.80 [9.20, 18.90] vs. 7.95 [4.30, 14.35]; εa : 13.50 [9.90, 17.10] vs. 7.90 [5.40, 14.15]). LA total EF (37.91 [29.54, 47.94] vs. 47.49 [39.18, 55.01]), passive EF (14.70 [7.41, 21.49] vs. 18.07 [9.32, 24.78]), and active EF (27.19 [17.79, 36.60] vs. 36.64 [26.63, 42.71]) were all significantly decreased in HFpEF patients compared with non-HF patients. LA reservoir (ß = 0.90 [0.85, 0.96]), conduit (ß = 0.93 [0.87, 0.99]), and booster (ß = 0.86 [0.78, 0.95]) strain were independently associated with HFpEF in HCM patients. The model including reservoir strain (Net Reclassification Index [NRI]: 0.260) or booster strain (NRI: 0.325) improved the reclassification of HFpEF based on LV GLS and minimum left atrial volume index (LAVImin ). DATA CONCLUSION: LA phasic function was severely impaired in HCM patients with HFpEF, whereas LV function was not further impaired compared with non-HF patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 3.

13.
Z Gastroenterol ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A disposable upper gastrointestinal endoscope can effectively decrease infectious outbreaks associated with endoscope reuse. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a disposable endoscope for upper gastrointestinal examination. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized trial, 144 upper endoscopic procedures were allocated to either the disposable endoscope group or the conventional endoscope group. The primary outcomes were rates of excellent and good image qualities and maneuverability satisfaction. The second outcome included procedure duration, endoscopic diagnosis, and adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 144 subjects were enrolled in the present analysis and prospectively randomized to 2 study groups. Finally, 70 and 69 subjects were enrolled in the novel disposable endoscope group and the conventional endoscope group, respectively, due to the schedule cancellation of 5 subjects. The baseline characteristics of the patients were similar in both groups. The excellent and good image quality rates and maneuverability satisfaction of the novel disposable endoscope were not inferior to the conventional endoscope (p = 0.99 and p = 0.99, respectively). Moreover, no significant between-group difference was observed in the endoscopic results and adverse events (p = 0.30 and p = 1, respectively). However, the procedure duration in the novel disposable endoscope was longer compared with the conventional endoscope (8.40 ± 4.28 min vs. 5.12 ± 2.65 min, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The novel disposable endoscope was as safe, effective, and maneuverable as a conventional endoscope. However, the novel disposable endoscope was associated with a longer procedure duration.

15.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2021: 4032285, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746040

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Simethicone (SIM), as an antifoaming agent, has been shown to improve bowel preparation during colonoscopy. However, the optimal timing of SIM addition remained undetermined. We aimed to investigate the optimal timing of SIM addition to polyethylene glycol (PEG) to improve bowel preparation. Methods: Eligible patients were randomly assigned to two groups: the SIM evening group (SIM addition to PEG in the evening of the day prior to colonoscopy) and the SIM morning group (SIM addition to PEG in the morning of colonoscopy). The primary outcome was Bubble Scale (BS). The secondary outcomes were Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS) and adenoma detection rate (ADR). Results: A total of 419 patients were enrolled in this study. The baseline characteristics of the patients were similar in both groups. No significant differences were observed in terms of BS (8.76 ± 0.90 vs. 8.65 ± 1.16, P = 0.81), ADR (34.1% vs. 30.8%, P = 0.47), Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS) (8.59 ± 0.94 vs. 8.45 ± 1.00, P = 0.15), and withdrawal time (8.22 ± 2.04 vs. 8.01 ± 2.51, P = 0.094) between the two groups. Moreover, safety and compliance were similar in both groups. However, the SIM evening group was associated with shorter cecal intubation time (3.80 ± 1.81 vs. 4.42 ± 2.03, P < 0.001), higher BS (2.95 ± 0.26 vs. 2.88 ± 0.38, P = 0.04) in the right colon, and diminutive ADR (62.5% vs. 38.6%, P = 0.022) in the right colon, when compared to the SIM evening group. Conclusions: The SIM addition to PEG in the evening of the day prior to colonoscopy can shorten cecal intubation time and improve BS scores and diminutive ADR of the right colon compared with the SIM addition to PEG in the morning of colonoscopy in bowel preparation.

16.
J Med Chem ; 64(19): 14526-14539, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609861

RESUMO

The benzothiazinone (BTZ) scaffold compound PBTZ169 kills Mycobacterium tuberculosis by inhibiting the essential flavoenzyme DprE1, consequently blocking the synthesis of the cell wall component arabinans. While extraordinarily potent against M. tuberculosis with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) less than 0.2 ng/mL, its low aqueous solubility and bioavailability issues need to be addressed. Here, we designed and synthesized a series of 6-methanesulfonyl substituted BTZ analogues; further exploration introduced five-member aromatic heterocycles as linkers to attach an aryl group as the side chain. Our work led to the discovery of a number of BTZ derived compounds with potent antitubercular activity. The optimized compounds 6 and 38 exhibited MIC 47 and 30 nM, respectively. Compared to PBTZ169, both compounds displayed increased aqueous solubility and higher stability in human liver microsomes. This study suggested that an alternative side-chain modification strategy could be implemented to improve the druglike properties of the BTZ-based compounds.

17.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 15: 4259-4273, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675488

RESUMO

Background: Hudi enteric-coated capsule (HDC) is a Chinese medicine prescribed to treat ulcerative colitis (UC). However, its anti-inflammatory active ingredients and mechanisms remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate the active components of HDC and explore its potential mechanisms against UC by integrating network pharmacology and experimental verification. Methods: A DSS-induced colitis murine model was established to validate the efficacy of HDC by detecting disease activity index (DAI) and histopathological changes. Network pharmacological analysis was performed to identify the active compounds and core targets of HDC for the treatment of UC. The main compounds in HDC were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography. The relative expressions of HDC's core targets were also determined in vivo. Finally, molecular docking was applied to model the interaction between HDC and target proteins. Results: In an in vivo experiment, HDC, especially the middle-dose HDC, effectively reduced clinical symptoms of UC, including weight loss, bloody stool, and colon shortening. Besides, the severity of colitis was considerably suppressed by HDC as evidenced by reduced DAI scores. A total of 118 active compounds and 69 candidate targets from HDC closely related to UC progression were identified via network pharmacology. Enrichment analysis revealed that the key targets of HDC correlated with the expressions of PTGS2, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß. Meanwhile, these cytokines were enriched in various biological processes through the IL-17/JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. The middle-dose HDC contributed more to ameliorating DSS-induced colitis through this signaling pathway than other dosages. Nine components binding to JAK2, STAT3, IL-17 and IL-6 were identified by molecular docking, confirming again the inhibition effects of HDC on the IL-17/JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Conclusion: The HDC treatment, particularly the middle-dose, exerted an anti-UC effect in a multi-component, multi-target, and multi-mechanism manner, especially inhibiting the IL-17/JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway to downregulate the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines.

18.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 727932, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691108

RESUMO

Co-enzyme A (CoA) ligation of hydroxycinnamic acids by 4-coumaric acid:CoA ligase (4CL) is a critical step in the biosynthesis of monolignols. Perturbation of 4CL activity significantly impacts the lignin content of diverse plant species. In Populus trichocarpa, two well-studied xylem-specific Ptr4CLs (Ptr4CL3 and Ptr4CL5) catalyze the CoA ligation of 4-coumaric acid to 4-coumaroyl-CoA and caffeic acid to caffeoyl-CoA. Subsequently, two 4-hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:shikimic acid hydroxycinnamoyl transferases (PtrHCT1 and PtrHCT6) mediate the conversion of 4-coumaroyl-CoA to caffeoyl-CoA. Here, we show that the CoA ligation of 4-coumaric and caffeic acids is modulated by Ptr4CL/PtrHCT protein complexes. Downregulation of PtrHCTs reduced Ptr4CL activities in the stem-differentiating xylem (SDX) of transgenic P. trichocarpa. The Ptr4CL/PtrHCT interactions were then validated in vivo using biomolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) and protein pull-down assays in P. trichocarpa SDX extracts. Enzyme activity assays using recombinant proteins of Ptr4CL and PtrHCT showed elevated CoA ligation activity for Ptr4CL when supplemented with PtrHCT. Numerical analyses based on an evolutionary computation of the CoA ligation activity estimated the stoichiometry of the protein complex to consist of one Ptr4CL and two PtrHCTs, which was experimentally confirmed by chemical cross-linking using SDX plant protein extracts and recombinant proteins. Based on these results, we propose that Ptr4CL/PtrHCT complexes modulate the metabolic flux of CoA ligation for monolignol biosynthesis during wood formation in P. trichocarpa.

19.
Aust Endod J ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708907

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of fibre-reinforced composites and onlay restorations on the fracture resistance of the cracked teeth. The experiments were grouped as follows: intact teeth, cracked teeth, crown; onlay; annular ribbond + onlay, laminated ribbond + onlay and fibre post + onlay; annular ribbond + crown, laminated ribbond + crown and fibre post + crown. The maximal Von Mises stress of dentin, the maximal Von Mises stress at the crack, the fracture resistance and fracture pattern under static loading were analysed by single-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post-test by LSD. The annular ribbond + crown had a significant difference in fracture resistance than the crown (P < 0.05). The annular ribbond + onlay had more favourable fractures than crown in fracture pattern, and there were significant differences (P < 0.05). Compared with crown restoration, fibre-reinforced composites and onlay can improve the fracture resistance of the cracked teeth.

20.
Stem Cells Int ; 2021: 1434856, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650608

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer (EC) is commonly diagnosed cancer in women, and the prognosis of advanced types of EC is extremely poor. Kinesin family member 2C (KIF2C) has been reported as an oncogene in cancers. However, its pathophysiological roles and the correlation with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in EC remain unclear. The mRNA and protein levels of KIF2C in EC tissues were detected by qRT-PCR, Western blot (WB), and IHC. CCK8, Transwell, and colony formation assay were applied to assess the effects of KIF2C on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle were analyzed by flow cytometry. The antitumor effect was further validated in the nude mouse xenograft cancer model and humanized mouse model. KIF2C expression was higher in EC. Knockdown of KIF2C prolonged the G1 phases and inhibited EC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that KIF2C is negatively correlated with the infiltration level of CD8+ T cells but positively with the poor prognosis of EC patients. The apoptosis of CD8+ T cell was inhibited after the knockdown of KIF2C and was further inhibited when it is combined with anti-PD1. Conversely, compared to the knockdown of KIF2C expression alone, the combination of anti-PD1 further promoted the apoptosis of Ishikawa and RL95-2 cells. Moreover, the knockdown of KIF2C inhibited the expression of Ki-67 and the growth of tumors in the nude mouse xenograft cancer model. Our study found that the antitumor efficacy was further evaluated by the combination of anti-PD1 and KIF2C knockdown in a humanized mouse model. This study indicated that KIF2C is a novel prognostic biomarker that determines cancer progression and also a target for the therapy of EC and correlated with tumor immune cells infiltration in EC.

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