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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1141-1148, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the epidemic situation of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Hunan Province, China, from 2008 to 2019, as well as its spatial autocorrelation characteristics and spatial-temporal clustering, and to provide a reference for the prevention and control of HFMD in Hunan Province. METHODS: Spatial autocorrelation and spatial-temporal clustering analyses were used to analyze the monitoring data of HFMD in Hunan Province from 2008 to 2019. RESULTS: The epidemic situation of HFMD in Hunan Province from 2008 to 2019 showed obvious seasonal distribution, with a low incidence rate in January to March and a high incidence rate in April to July. As for population distribution, children aged 0-5 years had the highest number of HFMD cases and accounted for 95.89% (1 460 391/1 522 910) of all cases, with a mean annual incidence rate of 2 197.784/100 000, and scattered children had the highest number of cases and accounted for 82.59% (1 257 739/1 522 910) of all cases. The global spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the onset of HFMD in Hunan Province showed a significant clustering distribution, and the local spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the high clustering areas of HFMD were mainly the districts and counties of Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Yueyang cities. Time-space scanning showed that clustering time was mainly April to July; the cases were clustered in the northeast of Hunan Province from 2008 to 2010 and in the central part of Hunan Province from 2011 to 2019. CONCLUSIONS: The high incidence rate of HFMD is observed in April to July in Hunan Province. Children under 5 years of age are at a high risk of this disease. Spatial-temporal clustering is observed for the epidemic of HFMD, mainly clustered in the northeastern and central areas of Hunan Province. It is suggested that the results may be used as guidance to determine the key areas for HFMD prevention and control in Hunan Province and optimize the allocation of health resources.


Assuntos
Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Análise Espaço-Temporal
2.
Plant Divers ; 43(5): 409-419, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816066

RESUMO

Corallorhiza sinensis, a new species of mycoheterotrophic orchid from western Sichuan, China, is described and illustrated based on molecular and morphological evidence. It is morphologically similar to Corallorhiza trifida, but can be distinguished by bigger flowers, both sepals and petals with 3 veins, and longer lateral lobes of lip. To distinguish the new Corallorhiza species and explore its phylogenetic position within subtribe Calypsoinae, this study employed sequences of the nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) and whole plastome assembled from the genome skimming approach. The plastome is 148,124 bp in length, including a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 26,165 bp, a large single-copy region (LSC) of 82,207 bp, and a small single-copy region (SSC) of 13,587 bp. Further, phylogenetic analyses were performed using nrDNA sequence and 79 coding sequences (CDSs) from 26 complete plastomes of subtribe Calypsoinae. The phylogenetic tree based on nrDNA sequence suggested that Corallorhiza is a monophyletic group, and strongly support C. sinensis as sister to the rest species of Corallorhiza. The plastid tree showed that 10 Corallorhiza species grouped into two clades and C. sinensis is most closely related to the North American C. striata and C. bentleyi instead of Oreorchis foliosa and O . angustata in the same clade. The plastid tree and nrDNA tree indicate Oreorchis is a paraphyletic. Although the topological conflicts are displayed between plastome and nrDNA phylogenies of C. sinensis, it is still the most closely related to Corallorhiza. Comparative analysis showed that C. sinensis populations are characteristic of the intermediate morphological traits between Corallorhiza and Oreorchis. The finding of this new species from China shed new light on the phylogeny of Oreorchis and Corallorhiza.

3.
ACS Omega ; 6(45): 30442-30450, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805674

RESUMO

A theoretical study of geometrical structures, electronic properties, and spectral properties of single-atom transition metal-doped boron clusters MB24 (M = Sc, V, and Mn) is performed using the CALYPSO approach for the global minimum search, followed by density functional theory calculations. The global minima obtained for the VB24 and MnB24 clusters correspond to cage structures. Interestingly, the global minima obtained for the ScB24 cluster tend to a three-ring tubular structure. Population analyses and valence electron density analyses reveal that partial electrons on transition-metal atoms transfer to boron atoms. The localized orbital locator of MB24 (M = Sc, V, and Mn) indicates that the electron delocalization of ScB24 is stronger than that of VB24 and MnB24, and there is no obvious covalent bond between doped metals and B atoms. The spin density and spin population analyses reveal that MB24 (M = Sc, V, and Mn) have different spin characteristics which are expected to lead to interesting magnetic properties and potential applications in molecular devices. The calculated spectra indicate that MB24 (M = Sc, V, and Mn) has meaningful characteristic peaks that can be compared with future experimental values and provide a theoretical basis for the identification and confirmation of these single-atom transition metal-doped boron clusters. Our work enriches the database of geometrical structures of doped boron clusters and can provide an insight into new doped boron clusters.

4.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt B): 126242, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744029

RESUMO

Vermicomposting eco-friendly converts lignocellulosic wastes into bio-organic fertilizer. Cellulose is the most abundant carbohydrate in lignocellulose. Glycoside hydrolase family 6 (GH6) plays a key role in the early step of cellulose degradation, which is essential for stabilizing lignocellulose. This study intends to quantify the abundance of GH6 gene and to clarify the succession of GH6 cellulase-producing microbial communities during vermicomposting. 100% of maize stover (A) and maize stover and cow dung at 60:40 ratio (B) were used. The results showed that different native genera were observed in the starting materials. Cellulomonas and Cellulosimicrobium were dominant genera harboring GH6 gene. The peak relative abundance of Cellulomonas was 76% and 30% in B and A during vermicomposting phase, and the corresponding values of Cellulosimicrobium was 36% and 37%. Earthworms increased the abundance of GH6 gene, which reached 1.51E + 09 from 3.46E + 08 copies/g in B. The results partially interpreted promoting effect of earthworms.

5.
Front Oncol ; 11: 680303, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513671

RESUMO

Background: In this study, we designed a new (Su'S) target area delineation to protect the normal liver during liver regeneration and prospectively evaluate liver regeneration after radiotherapy, as well as to explore the clinical factors of liver regeneration and established a model and nomogram. Methods: Thirty patients treated with preoperative downstaging radiotherapy were prospectively included in the training cohort, and 21 patients treated with postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy were included in the validation cohort. The cut-off points of each optimal predictor were obtained using receiver-operating characteristic analysis. A model and nomogram for liver regeneration after radiotherapy were developed and validated. Results: After radiotherapy, 12 (40%) and 13 (61.9%) patients in the training and validation cohorts experienced liver regeneration, respectively. The risk stratification model based on the cutoffs of standard residual liver volume spared from at least 20 Gy (SVs20 = 303.4 mL/m2) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT=43 u/L) was able to effectively discriminate the probability of liver regeneration. The model and nomogram of liver regeneration based on SVs20 and ALT showed good prediction performance (AUC=0.759) in the training cohort and performed well (AUC=0.808) in the validation cohort. Conclusions: SVs20 and ALT were optimal predictors of liver regeneration. This model may be beneficial to the constraints of the normal liver outside the radiotherapy-targeted areas.

6.
Toxicol Res (Camb) ; 10(4): 911-927, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484683

RESUMO

Cholestasis is a severe clinical complication that severely damages the liver. Kidneys are also the most affected extrahepatic organs in cholestasis. The pivotal role of oxidative stress has been mentioned in the pathogenesis of cholestasis-induced organ injury. The activation of the nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway is involved in response to oxidative stress. The current study was designed to evaluate the potential role of Nrf2 signaling activation in preventing bile acids-induced toxicity in the liver and kidney. Dimethyl fumarate was used as a robust activator of Nrf2 signaling. Rats underwent bile duct ligation surgery and were treated with dimethyl fumarate (10 and 40 mg/kg). Severe oxidative stress was evident in the liver and kidney of cholestatic animals (P < 0.05). On the other hand, the expression and activity of Nrf2 and downstream genes were time-dependently decreased (P < 0.05). Moreover, significant mitochondrial depolarization, decreased ATP levels, and mitochondrial permeabilization were detected in bile duct-ligated rats (P < 0.05). Histopathological alterations included liver necrosis, fibrosis, inflammation and kidney interstitial inflammation, and cast formation. It was found that dimethyl fumarate significantly decreased hepatic and renal injury in cholestatic animals (P < 0.05). Based on these data, the activation of the cellular antioxidant response could serve as an efficient therapeutic option for managing cholestasis-induced organ injury.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(22): 6268-6277, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34434993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysfunction in stroke patients has been a problem that we committed to solve and explore. Physical therapy has some effect to regain strength, balance, and coordination. However, it is not a complete cure, so we are trying to find more effective treatments. AIM: To observe the effect of whole-body vibration training (WVT) on the recovery of balance and walking function in stroke patients, which could provide us some useful evidence for planning rehabilitation. METHODS: The clinical data of 130 stroke participants who underwent conventional rehabilitation treatment in our hospital from January 2019 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The participants were divided into whole-body vibration training (WVT) group and non-WVT (NWVT) group according to whether they were given WVT. In the WVT group, routine rehabilitation therapy was combined with WVT by the Galileo Med L Plus vibration trainer at a frequency of 20 Hz and a vibration amplitude of 0+ACY-plusmn+ADs-5.2 mm, and in the NWVT group, routine rehabilitation therapy only was provided. The treatment course of the two groups was 4 wk. Before and after treatment, the Berg balance scale (BBS), 3 m timed up-and-go test (TUGT), the maximum walking speed test (MWS), and upper limb functional reaching (FR) test were performed. RESULTS: After 4 wk training, in both groups, the BBS score and the FR distance respectively increased to a certain amount (WVT = 46.08 ± 3.41 vs NWVT = 40.22 ± 3.75; WVT = 20.48 ± 2.23 vs NWVT = 16.60 ± 2.82), with P < 0.05. Furthermore, in the WVT group, both BBS score and FR distance (BBS: 18.32 ± 2.18; FR: 10.00 ± 0.92) increased more than that in the NWVT group (BBS: 13.29 ± 1.66; FR: 6.16 ± 0.95), with P < 0.05. Meanwhile, in both groups, the TUGT and the MWS were improved after training (WVT = 32.64 ± 3.81 vs NWVT = 39.56 ± 3.68; WVT = 12.73 ± 2.26 vs NWVT = 15.04 ± 2.27, respectively), with P < 0.05. The change in the WVT group (TUGT: 17.49 ± 1.88; MWS: 6.79 ± 0.81) was greater than that in the NWVT group (TUGT: 10.76 ± 1.42; MWS: 4.84 ± 0.58), with P < 0.05. CONCLUSION: The WVT could effectively improve the balance and walking function in stroke patients, which may be good for improving their quality of life.

8.
Virol Sin ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403037

RESUMO

The sudden emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) has caused global panic in 2003, and the risk of SARS-CoV outbreak still exists. However, no specific antiviral drug or vaccine is available; thus, the development of therapeutic antibodies against SARS-CoV is needed. In this study, a nanobody phage-displayed library was constructed from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of alpacas immunized with the recombinant receptor-binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV. Four positive clones were selected after four rounds of bio-panning and subjected to recombinant expression in E. coli. Further biological identification demonstrated that one of the nanobodies, S14, showed high affinity to SARS-CoV RBD and potent neutralization activity at the picomole level against SARS-CoV pseudovirus. A competitive inhibition assay showed that S14 blocked the binding of SARS-CoV RBD to either soluble or cell-expressed angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). In summary, we developed a novel nanobody targeting SARS-CoV RBD, which might be useful for the development of therapeutics against SARS.

9.
Andrologia ; 53(10): e14194, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328658

RESUMO

To explore a new method of in vitro culture and purification of rat corpus cavernosum endothelial cells (CCECs). Male Sprague-Dawley rats' penile tissue were digested with elastase or collagenase combined with mechanical extrusion to isolate and culture the CCECs. The fixed-point digestion method was used to purify the primary cells. High-purity CCECs were successfully isolated. Following the digestion of the primary CCECs by elastase or collagenase coupled with mechanical extrusion, the cells were paving stone- and cobblestone-shaped over 10 days. The cell purity yielded in the second generation (P2) CCECs after using the fixed-point digestion method was significantly high. Compared with primary CCECs extracted by elastase digestion combined with the mechanical extrusion method, CCECs cultured by collagenase digestion yielded higher purity and a more stable morphology after fixed-point digestion and purification. Immunofluorescence staining of the third generation CCECs and the expression results of endothelial cell-associated marker antibodies CD31 and VWF were positive, and flow cytometry showed the purity of CCECs was 96.9%. Enzymatic digestion combined with mechanical extrusion and fixed-point digestion is a simple, economical method for in vitro culture and purification of CCECs, which is conducive to studying the pathophysiological mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction and erectile dysfunction.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Disfunção Erétil , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Digestão , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Diabetes ; 70(8): 1654-1663, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990396

RESUMO

Promoting beige adipocyte development within white adipose tissue (WAT) is a potential therapeutic approach to staunch the current obesity epidemic. Previously, we identified homeobox-containing transcription factor HOXC10 as a suppressor of browning in subcutaneous WAT. Here, we provide evidence for the physiological role of HOXC10 in regulating WAT thermogenesis. Analysis of an adipose-specific HOXC10 knockout mouse line with no detectable HOXC10 in mature adipocytes revealed spontaneous subcutaneous WAT browning, increased expression of genes involved in browning, increased basal rectal temperature, enhanced cold tolerance, and improved glucose homeostasis. These phenotypes were further exacerbated by exposure to cold or a ß-adrenergic stimulant. Mechanistically, cold and ß-adrenergic exposure led to reduced HOXC10 protein level without affecting its mRNA level. Cold exposure induced cAMP-dependent protein kinase-dependent proteasome-mediated degradation of HOXC10 in cultured adipocytes, and shotgun proteomics approach identified KCTD2, 5, and 17 as potential E3 ligases regulating HOXC10 proteasomal degradation. Collectively, these data demonstrate that HOXC10 is a gatekeeper of WAT identity, and targeting HOXC10 could be a plausible therapeutic strategy to unlock WAT thermogenic potentials.


Assuntos
Adipócitos Brancos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Gordura Subcutânea/metabolismo , Termogênese/genética , Adipócitos Bege/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout
11.
Environ Pollut ; 286: 117292, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975216

RESUMO

This study employed a portable emissions measurement system to investigate the effects of vehicle attributes, driving behavior, and road grade on real-world emissions of particulate matter (PM), regulated gaseous pollutants, and particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) for old-model diesel trucks (model year 1995-2006, 6.7-35.0 metric ton) with little to no tailpipe emission control. The rated power of engines was a major determinant of the distance-specific emission factors of PM, particle-bound PAHs, and most gaseous pollutants. However, the engine size was unrelated to the total hydrocarbon emission factor and the benzo[a]pyrene equivalent (BaPeq) emission factor of PAHs. Aggressive (AG) and normal (NR) driving behaviors were quantitatively defined with a relative positive acceleration. The emission factors of PM, CO2, and THC were significantly different (p < 0.05) between the AG and NR driving modes. AG driving caused an average increase in emissions of PM, CO2, NOx, and particle-bound PAHs by 122%, 56%, 15%, and 128%, respectively, compared to the respective emissions under the NR mode. The BaPeq emission factor of PAHs in the AG mode was more than 10 times that in the NR mode. The road gradient (ranging from -9.3% to 9.0% over the test route) had significant impacts on the emissions of PM, CO2, and NOx. PM, CO2, and NOx emission factors increased by 109%, 168%, and 160%, respectively, in the >6% grade bin and decreased by 95%, 91%, and 90%, respectively, in the equivalent negative-grade bin, implying that the decrease in emissions on negative road slopes may not compensate for the increase in emissions on the equivalent positive road slopes despite the road slope being compensated. The findings of this study will be valuable for developing air quality management strategies and furthering scientific knowledge on the complex interplay of different variables that affect real-world emissions of on-road vehicles.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluentes Ambientais , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Gases , Gasolina , Veículos Automotores , Material Particulado/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise
12.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e930515, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study aimed to determine the value of the significant index in predicting symptomatic radiation pneumonitis (RP) in esophageal cancer patients, establish a nomogram prediction model, and verify the model. MATERIAL AND METHODS The patients enrolled were divided into 2 groups: a model group and a validation group. According to the logistic regression analysis, the independent predictors for symptomatic RP were obtained, and the nomogram prediction model was established according to these independent predictors. The consistency index (C-index) and calibration curve were used to evaluate the accuracy of the model, and the prediction ability of the model was verified in the validation group. Recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) was used for the risk stratification analysis. RESULTS The ratio of change regarding the pre-albumin at the end of treatment (P=0.001), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio during treatment (P=0.027), and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio at the end of treatment (P=0.001) were the independent predictors for symptomatic RP. The C-index of the nomogram model was 0.811. According to the risk stratification of RPA, the whole group was divided into 3 groups: a low-risk group, a medium-risk group, and a high-risk group. The incidence of symptomatic RP was 0%, 16.9%, and 57.6%, respectively. The receiver operating characteristic curve also revealed that the nomogram model has good accuracy in the validation group. CONCLUSIONS The developed nomogram and corresponding risk classification system have superior prediction ability for symptomatic RP and can predict the occurrence of RP in the early stage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Pneumonite por Radiação/diagnóstico , Pneumonite por Radiação/etiologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Plaquetas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/patologia , Pneumonite por Radiação/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Risco
13.
Hepatol Int ; 15(3): 630-641, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether robotic stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is superior to intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to compare the long-term outcomes of SBRT with those of IMRT in HCCs with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 287 HCC patients with PVTT who underwent radiotherapy between January 2000 and January 2017. Of them, 154 and 133 patients were treated with IMRT and SBRT, respectively. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), intrahepatic control (IC), and local control (LC) were evaluated in univariable and propensity-score matched analyses. RESULTS: After matching, 102 well-paired patients were selected. There was no significant difference in the 6-, 12-, 24-, and 60-month cumulative OS (73.5, 42.9, 23.6, 7.6% vs. 72.4, 45.1, 29.8, 13.2%, p = 0.151), PFS (53.9, 29.3, 21.8, 7.5% vs. 54.5, 19.3, 12.0, 9.6%, p = 0.744), IC (61.4, 45.7, 39.0, 26.8% vs. 75.1, 45.8, 35.9, 28.7%, p = 0.144), and LC (85.2, 56.5, 52.1, 47.4% vs. 87.4, 65.2, 62.1, 62.1%, p = 0.191) between the IMRT and SBRT groups. A biologically effective dose assumed at an a/b ratio of 10 (BED10) of ≥ 100 Gy was the optimal cutoff for predicting the OS, PFS, IC, and LC in the patients who received SBRT. CONCLUSIONS: When high-precision tracking technology is available, SBRT appears to be a safe and more time-efficient treatment, achieving comparable OS, PFS, IC and LC to IMRT for local advanced HCC with PVTT. A BED10 ≥ 100 Gy is recommended if tolerated by normal tissue.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Radiocirurgia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Trombose Venosa , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/radioterapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Veia Porta , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
14.
Radiat Oncol ; 16(1): 79, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal dose and fractionation scheme of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear due to different tolerated liver volumes and degrees of cirrhosis. In this study, we aimed to verify the dose-survival relationship to optimize dose selection for treatment of HCC. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included 602 patients with HCC, treated with SBRT between January 2011 and March 2017. The SBRT dosage was classified into high dose, moderate dose, and low dose levels: SaRT (BED10 ≥ 100 Gy), SbRT (EQD2 > 74 Gy to BED10 < 100 Gy), and ScRT (EQD2 < 74 Gy). Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), local control (LC), and intrahepatic control (IC) were evaluated in univariable and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: The median tumor size was 5.6 cm (interquartile range [IQR] 1.1-21.0 cm). The median follow-up time was 50.0 months (IQR 6-100 months). High radiotherapy dose correlated with better outcomes. After classifying into the SaRT, SbRT, and ScRT groups, three notably different curves were obtained for long-term post-SBRT survival and intrahepatic control. On multivariate analysis, higher radiation dose was associated with improved OS, PFS, and intrahepatic control. CONCLUSIONS: If tolerated by normal tissue, we recommend SaRT (BED10 ≥ 100 Gy) as a first-line ablative dose or SbRT (EQD2 ≥ 74 Gy) as a second-line radical dose. Otherwise, ScRT (EQD2 < 74 Gy) is recommended as palliative irradiation.

15.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(3): 869-877, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754552

RESUMO

To clarify the variation of species composition, diversity, and functional structure of soil fungi community along alpine meadow degradation,we examined the characteristics and controlling factors of soil fungal communities in non-degraded, lightly degraded, moderately degraded, severely degraded and extremely degraded (black soil beach) alpine meadows at the Three Rivers Source Region, based on the high-throughput gene sequencing and FUNGuild functional prediction. The results showed that the dominant phyla in alpine meadow soil were Ascomycota, Basidiomycetes, and Mortierellomycota. Species composition of soil fungal community varied greatly in alpine meadow under different levels of degradation. The abundance of Cladosporium flabelliforme, Entoloma sodale, Hygrocybe conica, Inocybe sp. and Trichocladium opacum increased, while that of Gibberella tricincta and Dactylonectria macrodidyma decreased following grassland degradation. The meadow under severe degradation had higher soil fungal Chao1 index, while that under light degradation had lower Shannon index and Simpson index. The abundance of pathologic, symbiotic, and saprophytic types of fungi varied among different alpine meadows. Along with the grassland degradation, the abundance of soil symbiotic fungi decreased, while that of pathological fungi increased. The soil fungal community and functional compositions changed obviously with degradation in the alpine meadow. Plant aboveground biomass, soil water content, pH, total organic carbon, total nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen, available phosphate, total potassium and AN/AP (ratio of available nitrogen and available phosphorus) were the main driving factors for the variations in soil fungal community structure.


Assuntos
Micobioma , Solo , Agaricales , Ascomicetos , China , Cladosporium , Fusarium , Pradaria , Hypocreales , Nitrogênio/análise , Rios , Microbiologia do Solo
16.
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol ; 394(6): 1191-1203, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527194

RESUMO

Cholestasis is a clinical complication with different etiologies. The liver is the primary organ influenced in cholestasis. Renal injury is also a severe clinical complication in cholestatic/cirrhotic patients. Several studies mentioned the importance of oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment as two mechanistically interrelated events in cholestasis-induced organ injury. Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) is a flavoprotein located in the inner mitochondrial membrane. This molecule is involved in a distinct pathway of cell death. The current study aimed to evaluate the role of AIF in the pathophysiology of cholestasis-associated hepatic and renal injury. Bile duct ligation (BDL) was used as an animal model of cholestasis. Serum, urine, and tissue samples were collected at scheduled time intervals (3, 7, 14, and 28 days after BDL surgery). Tissues' AIF mRNA levels, as well as serum, urine, and tissue activity of AIF, were measured. Moreover, markers of DNA fragmentation and apoptosis were assessed in the liver and kidney of cholestatic animals. A significant increase in liver and kidney AIF mRNA levels, in addition to increased AIF activity in the liver, kidney, serum, and urine, was detected in BDL rats. DNA fragmentation and apoptosis were raised in the liver and kidney of cholestatic animals, especially at the early stage of the disease. The apoptotic mode of cell death in the liver and kidney was connected to a higher AIF level. These data mention the importance of AIF in the pathogenesis of cholestasis-induced organ injury, especially at the early stage of this disease. Mitochondrial release of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) seems to play a pathogenic role in cholestasis-associated hepatic and renal injury. AIF release is directly connected to oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment in cholestatic animals.

17.
Clin Otolaryngol ; 46(4): 802-808, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580628

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify whether chemoradiotherapy improves survival in patients with stage T3-4N0M0 nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of patients with stage T3-4N0M0 NPC were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 2004 and 2016. The patients were divided into radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy groups. Overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and propensity score matching (PSM) analyses. RESULTS: We examined 496 patients: 88 who received radiotherapy and 408 who received chemoradiotherapy. Before PSM, chemoradiotherapy was associated with a better 5-year OS (52.58% vs. 38.13%; P = .005) and similar CSS (63.62% vs. 59.26%; P = .196) compared to those associated with radiotherapy. However, chemoradiotherapy was not an independent prognostic factor for OS [hazard ratio (HR)=0.95, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.68-1.32; P = .760] or CSS (HR = 1.02, 95% CI: 0.66-1.56; P = .935). After PSM, similar OS (45.15% vs. 42.78%; P = .626) and CSS (58.22% vs. 60.37%; P = .730) were found between the radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy groups. CONCLUSION: Radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy are associated with similar OS and CSS in patients with stage T3-4N0M0 NPC.

18.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 42(3): 589-594, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33384268

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the risks associated with cryopreserved semen collected during and after the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic wave in Wuhan, China? DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study involving young adult men who were qualified sperm donors at the Hunan Province Human Sperm Bank (China) during the pandemic wave (1 January 2020 to 30 January 2020) and after the wave and return to work (7 April 2020 to 30 May 30 2020). One hundred paired semen and blood specimens from 100 donors were included. One-step single-tube nested quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (OSN-qRT-PCR) was used to detect SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, to control the unacceptable risk of false-negative results, a second round of screening was performed with pooled RNA from negative semen samples using crystal digital PCR (cd-PCR). RESULTS: For individual blood and semen samples, the target genes, namely the nucleocapsid protein (N) and open reading frame (ORF-1ab) genes, tested negative in all of the 100 paired samples. Further, as per cd-PCR results, there were >20,000 droplets per well in the RNA for each combined sample and no positive droplets were present for either of the aforementioned target genes. A total of 100 paired semen and blood samples from these two groups tested negative for SARS-CoV-2. CONCLUSIONS: Cryopreserved semen at the Hunan Province Human Sperm Bank during and after the COVID-19 pandemic wave was free of SARS-CoV-2 and was judged safe for external use in the future.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Sêmen , Bancos de Esperma , Espermatozoides , Adulto Jovem
19.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(2)2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440744

RESUMO

As a new kind of water pollutant, antibiotics have encouraged researchers to develop new treatment technologies. Electrospun fiber membrane shows excellent benefits in antibiotic removal in water due to its advantages of large specific surface area, high porosity, good connectivity, easy surface modification and new functions. This review introduces the four aspects of electrospinning technology, namely, initial development history, working principle, influencing factors and process types. The preparation technologies of electrospun functional fiber membranes are then summarized. Finally, recent studies about antibiotic removal by electrospun functional fiber membrane are reviewed from three aspects, namely, adsorption, photocatalysis and biodegradation. Future research demand is also recommended.

20.
Laryngoscope ; 131(3): 535-540, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557662

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To validate stage nodal (N)3 of the 8th edition American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study extracted NPC patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 2004 and 2016. Pathologically confirmed patients with complete data of level IV, N3a, and N3b lymph node metastasis were investigated. The included patients were divided into level IV, N3a, and N3b groups. Five-year overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were compared among the three groups. RESULTS: A total of 693 patients were included: 285 (41.13%) patients in the level IV group, 124 (17.89%) patients in the N3a group, and 284 (40.98%) patients in the N3b group. The 5-year OS (57.1%, 55.0%, and 55.2%) and CSS (64.4%, 63.5%, and 64.4%) were not different among the level IV, N3a, and N3b groups. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that N stage was not an independent prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.03, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.91-1.17; P = .65) or CSS (HR = 1.03, 95% CI: 0.89-1.19; P = .70). CONCLUSION: Stage N3 of the 8th edition AJCC staging system for NPC is reasonable. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III Laryngoscope, 131:535-540, 2021.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
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