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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3949-3959, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472272

RESUMO

Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills(QSYQ) are used clinically to treat various myocardial ischemic diseases, such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and heart failure; however, the molecular mechanism of QSYQ remains unclear, and the scientific connotation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compatibility has not been systematically explained. The present study attempted to screen the critical pathway of QSYQ in the treatment of myocardial ischemia by network pharmacology and verify the therapeutic efficacy with the oxygen-glucose deprivation(OGD) model, in order to reveal the molecular mechanism of QSYQ based on the critical pathway. The key targets of QSYQ were determined by active ingredient identification and target prediction, and underwent pathway enrichment analysis and functional annotation with David database to reveal the biological role and the critical pathway of QSYQ. Cell counting Kit-8(CCK-8), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), and Western blot tests were launched on high-content active ingredients with OGD cell model to reveal the molecular mechanism of QSYQ based on the critical pathway. The results of network pharmacology indicated that QSYQ, containing 18 active ingredients and 82 key targets, could protect cardiomyocytes by regulating biological functions, such as nitric oxide biosynthesis, apoptosis, inflammation, and angiogenesis, through TNF signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway, etc. HIF-1 signaling pathway was the critical pathway. As revealed by CCK-8 and LDH tests, astragaloside Ⅳ, salvianic acid A, and ginsenoside Rg_1 in QSYQ could enhance cell viability and reduce LDH in the cell supernatant in a concentration-dependent manner(P<0.05). As demonstrated by the Western blot test, astragaloside Ⅳ significantly down-regulated the protein expression of serine/threonine-protein kinase(Akt1) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α(HIF-1α) in the HIF-1 signaling pathway, and up-regulated the protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). Salvianic acid A significantly down-regulated the protein expression of upstream phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha(PIK3 CA) and downstream HIF-1α of Akt1. Ginsenoside Rg_1 significantly down-regulated the expression of HIF-1α protein and up-regulated the expression of VEGFA. The therapeutic efficacy of QSYQ on myocardial ischemia was achieved by multiple targets and multiple pathways, with the HIF-1 signaling pathway serving as the critical one. The active ingredients of QSYQ could protect cardiomyocytes synergistically by regulating the targets in the HIF-1 signaling pathway to inhibit its expression.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Isquemia Miocárdica , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Miocárdica/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3645-3652, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602936

RESUMO

Single-pass intestinal perfusion( SPIP) is the common carrier of biopharmaceutics classification system( BCS) to study compound permeability. With the application and deepening study of BCS in the field of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM),SPIP model is becoming more and more common to study the intestinal absorption of TCM ingredients. Based on the limitations of the SPIP model in some researches on TCM permeability,it was speculated in this study that aglycone may be more suitable than the glycoside to study the intestinal absorption problem by using SPIP model. Furthermore,applicability of aglycone components was analyzed and evaluated. In this study,with quercetin,daidzein,formononetin,genistein and glycyrrhetinic acid used as research objects,the quantitative study of SPIP was used to evaluate the intestinal permeability of these aglycones and to predict the effective permeability coefficient( Peff) and absorption fraction( Fa) in human body. By combining studies comparison and analysis on multiple permeability research methods and prediction of human body absorption of aglycones in physiological-based pharmacokinetic models,this paper can further illustrate that the SPIP model is a good tool for studying the permeability of aglycones and predicting human absorption,which can provide data foundation and theoretical reference for researches on SPIP technique and BCS in intestinal absorption of TCM ingredients.


Assuntos
Biofarmácia , Absorção Intestinal , Humanos , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Perfusão , Permeabilidade
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(24): 5513-5519, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237403

RESUMO

Gansu province,which spans the Yangtze river,is in the upper reaches of the Yellow river and located at the intersection of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau,the Inner Mongolia plateau and the Loess plateau. All of these areas are highly respected by doctors of all ages as they have enriched the resources of traditional Chinese medicines. In the interaction between the heavens and the earth,the interaction between the people and the future has been passed down to the present. As one of the abbreviations of Gansu province, " Long" is not only the symbol and representative of the Gansu region,but also the symbol of the authentic medicinal materials in Gansu. This paper sorts out the evolution of the name " Long" medicines,the development status and development limitations of " Long" medicines. It is believed that although the production areas of authentic medicinal materials in Gansu have changed in different historical periods,the core varieties have been used ever since. Today,with the great development of the Chinese medicine industry,Gansu province pays attention to the limitations of the current regional and technological competitiveness in the province,and gives full play to its own advantages,which can help the " Long" medicines stand out among the medicinal materials. Furthermore,it lays the foundation for the development of the industry and the application of high quality Chinese herbal medicines in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Tibet
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