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1.
J Mater Chem B ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565721

RESUMO

MIT is a promising strategy in antibody free analysis for tumour markers. Conventional nanosized MIPs with off-line analysis are beset by tedious operation and unsatisfactory analysis performance. In this work, an on-line analytical device to directly detect AFP, which is a typical tumour marker in cancer screening, was prepared for the first time. A microscope slide was chosen to be the basis of the device. APBA-PA, a polymerizable fluorescent boronic acid monomer, was synthesised and grafted on the surface of the microscope slide to act as the signal transduction pathway between the templates and the device. Along with the hydrolysis of TEOS and the elution of the templates, a portable, stable, easy to operate and low-cost analysis device for AFP with excellent repeatability was successfully prepared. Owing to the excellent selectivity and highly sensitive fluorescence response ability of the device towards the templates, the on-line detection of AFP in human serum was realized. A series of characterizations were applied to the device, and its analysis performance and possible detection mechanism were carefully studied. Furthermore, the device exhibited appropriate application prospects by comparing its analysis results with those of the commercially available ELISA. In our perception, this work is an important step towards MIPs for clinical applications.

2.
Vet Res ; 50(1): 76, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578154

RESUMO

Edwardsiella piscicida is a severe fish pathogen. Haem utilization systems play an important role in bacterial adversity adaptation and pathogenicity. In this study, a speculative haem utilization protein, HutZEp, was characterized in E. piscicida. hutZEp is encoded with two other genes, hutW and hutX, in an operon that is similar to the haem utilization operon hutWXZ identified in V. cholerae. However, protein activity analysis showed that HutZEp is probably not related to hemin utilization. To explore the biological role of HutZEp, a markerless hutZEp in-frame mutant strain, TX01ΔhutZ, was constructed. Deletion of hutZEp did not significantly affect bacterial growth in normal medium, in iron-deficient conditions, or in the presence of haem but significantly retarded bacterial biofilm growth. The expression of known genes related to biofilm growth was not affected by hutZEp deletion, which indicated that HutZEp was probably a novel factor promoting biofilm formation in E. piscicida. Compared to the wild-type TX01, TX01ΔhutZ exhibited markedly compromised tolerance to acid stress and host serum stress. Pathogenicity analysis showed that inactivation of hutZEp significantly impaired the ability of E. piscicida to invade and reproduce in host cells and to infect host tissue. In contrast to TX01, TX01ΔhutZ was defective in blocking host macrophage activation. The expression of hutZEp was directly regulated by the ferric uptake regulator Fur. This study is the first functional characterization of HutZ in a fish pathogen, and these findings suggested that HutZEp is essential for E. piscicida biofilm formation and contributes to host infection.

4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3551-3557, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602921

RESUMO

To analyze the efficacy and safety of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets combined with desloratadine as well as desloratadine alone in the treatment of chronic urticaria by Meta-analysis,in order to provide evidence-based reference for clinical treatment.PubMed,CBM,Wan Fang,VIP database and CNKI database were retrieved to collect randomized controlled trials( RCT) about Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets combined with desloratadine( test group) as well as desloratadine alone( control group) in the treatment of chronic urticaria. Meta-analysis was performed by using Rev Man 5. 3 software after data extraction and quality evaluation( a total of 15 RCTs were included,involving 1 411 patients). Meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate( RR = 1. 28,95%CI[1. 22,1. 35],P<0. 000 01) and the quality of life improvement rate( RR = 1. 49,95% CI[1. 33,1. 66],P< 0. 000 01) of the test group were better than those of the control group,and the recurrence rate( RR = 0. 29,95%CI[0. 21,0. 40],P<0. 000 01) was significantly lower than that of the control group,with statistically significant differences; there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions( RR = 1. 02,95%CI[0. 68,1. 53],P = 0. 92) compared with the control group. Based on the included RCTs,the efficacy of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets combined with desloratadine in the treatment of chronic urticaria were superior to those of desloratadine alone,with similarity in safety. However,due to the low quality of RCTs and the lack of large-scale multi-center studies,the results shall not be further verified by clinical trials.

5.
Viruses ; 11(9)2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487883

RESUMO

Plants use RNA silencing as a defense against viruses. In response, viruses encode various RNA silencing suppressors to counteract the antiviral silencing. Here, we identified p22 as a silencing suppressor of cucurbit chlorotic yellows crinivirus and showed that p22 interacts with CsSKP1LB1, a Cucumis sativus ortholog of S-phase kinase-associated protein 1 (SKP1). The F-box-like motif of p22 was identified through sequence analysis and found to be necessary for the interaction using a yeast two-hybrid assay. The involvement of the F-box-like motif in p22 silencing suppressor activity was determined. Proteomics analysis of Nicotiana benthamiana leaves expressing p22, and its F-box-like motif deletion mutant showed 228 differentially expressed proteins and five enriched Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways: ABC transporters, sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis, ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, riboflavin metabolism, and cysteine and methionine metabolism. Collectively, our results demonstrate the interaction between p22 and CsSKP1LB1 and show that the deletion of F-box-like motif inhibits p22 silencing suppressor activity. The possible pathways regulated by the p22 through the F-box-like motif were identified using proteomics analysis.

6.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 104: 109896, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499977

RESUMO

Zinc alloys have been explored as potential materials for biodegradable vascular stents due to their tolerable corrosion rates and tunable mechanical properties. However, the performances of Zn alloys were not supported with enough toxicity or biological compatibility evaluation, particularly hemocompatibility for vascular scaffolding application. In this work, the hemocompatibility of three zinc alloys (Zn-0.8Cu, Zn-0.8Mn and Zn-0.8Li) was evaluated with 316 L stainless steel and pure zinc as controls. The hemolysis ratios of 316 L stainless steel, pure Zn, Zn-0.8Cu, Zn-0.8Mn and Zn-0.8Li were 0.38 ±â€¯0.08%, 1.04 ±â€¯0.21%, 0.47 ±â€¯0.21%, 0.57 ±â€¯0.14% and 0.52 ±â€¯0.22%, respectively, for direct contact method. Platelets aggregation on the 316 L stainless steel was observed, while the adhered platelets on the Zn alloys exhibited round shape with few pseudopodia spreading. The number of adhered platelets on the three zinc alloys (Zn-0.8Cu, Zn-0.8Mn and Zn-0.8Li) had no statistically difference compared with 316 L stainless steel, while significant fewer than the pure Zn group. None remarkable platelet activation, hematocyte aggregation, coagulation or complement activation was observed in any Zn alloy group. Furthermore, the Zn alloys prolonged prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time, demonstrating a potential function of anticoagulation. The results demonstrated that Zn alloys presented in this work are indeed meeting the hemocompatible requirements of implant and showing the promise for perspective application as biodegradable stent.

8.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e029816, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530604

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore how health education received by patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) influences patients' self-efficacy and self-management and changes in behaviour at, and following, hospital discharge. DESIGN: This study used a convergent mixed methods design. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one participants with completed surveys and interviews at discharge and home follow-up were included in the analysis. SETTING: At a coronary care unit of a major hospital in Shanghai, China. RESULTS: Most participants (n=17) did not perceive they had sufficient education or ability to manage both conditions. More concerning was that most participants (n=16) reported low self-efficacy in the management of ACS symptoms. Three major themes were identified: self-management of ACS and T2DM represents a complex interplay between individual self-efficacy, knowledge and skills, as individuals navigate shifting self-management priorities due to perceived condition severity; the social environment is integral to lifestyle and behaviour change and managing multiple health conditions requires body and mind systems' harmony. CONCLUSIONS: The inpatient education received did not enhance participants' confidence to manage either condition on discharge. While an unhealthy lifestyle was embedded within social roles and norms, some social activities, such as square dancing, positively influenced health behaviour. Culturally appropriate education for Chinese people with diabetes and ACS should contain information on maintaining mind and body harmony. Family members should be involved in formal education.

9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(18)2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533275

RESUMO

Various sensors have been proposed to address the negative health ramifications of inadequate fluid consumption. Amongst these solutions, motion-based sensors estimate fluid intake using the characteristics of drinking kinematics. This sensing approach is complicated due to the mutual influence of both the drink volume and the current fill level on the resulting motion pattern, along with differences in biomechanics across individuals. While motion-based strategies are a promising approach due to the proliferation of inertial sensors, previous studies have been characterized by limited accuracy and substantial variability in performance across subjects. This research seeks to address these limitations for a container-attachable triaxial accelerometer sensor. Drink volume is computed using support vector machine regression models with hand-engineered features describing the container's estimated inclination. Results are presented for a large-scale data collection consisting of 1908 drinks consumed from a refillable bottle by 84 individuals. Per-drink mean absolute percentage error is reduced by 11.05% versus previous state-of-the-art results for a single wrist-wearable inertial measurement unit (IMU) sensor assessed using a similar experimental protocol. Estimates of aggregate consumption are also improved versus previously reported results for an attachable sensor architecture. An alternative tracking approach using the fill level from which a drink is consumed is also explored herein. Fill level regression models are shown to exhibit improved accuracy and reduced inter-subject variability versus volume estimators. A technique for segmenting the entire drink motion sequence into transport and sip phases is also assessed, along with a multi-target framework for addressing the known interdependence of volume and fill level on the resulting drink motion signature.

10.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534201

RESUMO

Inefficient diabetic ulcer healing and scar formation remain a challenge worldwide, owing to a series of disordered and dynamic biological events that occur during the process of healing. A functional wound dressing that is capable of promoting ordered diabetic wound recovery is eagerly anticipated. In this study, we designed a silicone elastomer with embedded 20(S)-protopanaxadiol-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (PPD-NS) to achieve ordered recovery in scarless diabetic ulcer healing. The nanostructured lipid carriers were prepared through an emulsion evaporation-solidification method and then incorporated into a network of silicone elastomer to form a unique nanostructured lipid carrier-enriched gel formulation. Interestingly, the PPD-NS showed excellent in vitro anti-inflammatory and proangiogenic activity. Moreover, in diabetic mice with full-thickness skin excision wound, treatment with PPD-NS significantly promoted in vivo scarless wound healing through suppressing inflammatory infiltration in the inflammatory phase, promoting angiogenesis during the proliferation phase, and regulating collagen deposition in the remodeling phase. Hence, this study demonstrates that the developed PPD-NS could facilitate ordered diabetic wound recovery via multifunctional improvement during different wound-healing phases. This novel approach could be promising for scarless diabetic wound healing.

11.
Arch Microbiol ; 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535159

RESUMO

A gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium strain R4HLG17T was isolated from Tamarix ramosissima roots growing in Kumtag desert. The strain grew at salinities of 0-16% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 5-6%), pH 5-9 (optimum 7) and at 16-45 °C. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain R4HLG17T belonged to the family Halomonadaceae and was most closely related to Halomonas lutea DSM 23508T(95.1%), followed by Halotalea alkalilenta AW-7T(94.8%), Salinicola acroporae S4-41T(94.8%), Salinicola halophilus CG4.1T(94.6%), and Larsenimonas salina M1-18T(94.4%). Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on the partial sequences of 16S rRNA, atpA, gyrB, rpoD, and secA genes indicated that the strain R4HLG17T formed an independent and monophyletic branch related to other genera of Halomonadaceae, supporting its placement as a new genus in this family. The draft genome of strain R4HLG17T was 3.6 Mb with a total G + C content of 55.1%. The average nucleotide identity to Halomonas lutea DSM 23508T was 83.5%. Q-9 was detected as the major respiratory quinone and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c/C18:1ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c), and C16:0 as predominant cellular fatty acids. On the basis of chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic, and phenotypic evidence, strain R4HLG17T is concluded to represent a novel species of a new genus within Halomonadaceae, for which the name Phytohalomonas tamaricis gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is R4HLG17T (=ACCC 19929T=KCTC 52415T).

12.
Epigenetics ; : 1-17, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533525

RESUMO

Epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation and histone modifications, are reprogrammed considerably following fertilization during mammalian early embryonic development. Incomplete epigenetic reprogramming is a major factor leading to poor developmental outcome in embryos generated by assisted reproductive technologies, such as somatic cell nuclear transfer. However, the role of histone modifications in preimplantation development is poorly understood. Here, we show that co-knockdown (cKD) of Hdac1 and 2 (but not individually) resulted in developmental failure during the morula to blastocyst transition. This outcome was also confirmed with the use of small-molecule HDAC1/2-specific inhibitor FK228. We observed reduced cell proliferation and increased incidence of apoptosis in cKD embryos, which were likely caused by increased acetylation of TRP53. Importantly, both RNA-seq and immunostaining analysis revealed a failure of lineage specification to generate trophectoderm and pluripotent cells. Among many gene expression changes, a substantial decrease of Cdx2 may be partly accounted for by the aberrant Hippo pathway occurring in cKD embryos. In addition, we observed an increase in global DNA methylation, consistent with increased DNA methyltransferases and UHRF1. Interestingly, deficiency of RBBP4 and 7 (both are core components of several HDAC1/2-containing epigenetic complexes) results in similar phenotypes as those of cKD embryos. Overall, HDAC1 and 2 play redundant functions required for lineage specification, cell viability and accurate global DNA methylation, each contributing to critical developmental programmes safeguarding a successful preimplantation development.

13.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124805, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520974

RESUMO

A novel ash/biochar (A/B) biocomposite composed of 90% biomass bottom ash from agroforestry biomass direct-fired power plants, 5% animal-derived biochar from carcass pyrolysis, and 5% bentonite as an adhesive was amended in cadmium (Cd)-polluted paddy soil to alleviate cadmium accumulation by Oryza sativa L. Ash increased the soil pH and contributed exogenous available silicon. Biochar with high Ca/P components played an important role in soil cadmium immobilization. A 1-year field experiment with consecutive rice growing seasons (early and late rice) was conducted in Xiangtan, China, to examine the effects of A/B amendment in Cd-contaminated paddy soil. The A/B biocomposite was amended into soil through one-time addition at three application rates (1, 5, and 10 kg/m2). When A/B amendment was ≥5 kg/m2, the soil pH increased from 4.11 to more than 6. The available silicon content in the soil even increased by 22.9 times. For early rice soil, the CaCl2-extractable Cd(II) and toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP)-extractable Cd(II) decreased by 77.9%-96.1% and 52.4%-70.7%, respectively. A/B remarkably reduced Cd accumulation in rice organs, and this observation was related to A/B treatment rates. Ash and biochar contributed to the inhibition of Cd accumulation in rice organs and Cd translocation from roots to stems. The Cd concentrations in brown rice decreased to 0.11 and 0.12 mg/kg in early and late rice, respectively, and these values were lower than the national food safety standard limit value of China (0.2 mg/kg).

14.
Pharmazie ; 74(8): 492-498, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526443

RESUMO

Purpose: To appraise the curative effect of ginsenoside Rb1 and trigonelline in diabetic nephropathy and to analyze the expression analysis of microRNAs and their target genes during experimental diabetic renal lesions in rats. Methods: Wistar rats were made diabetic by intraperitoneal injection of 55 mg/kg streptozotocin. According to their fasting blood glucose values and initial body weight, diabetic rats were assigned to specific groups and treated as follows: DN group (tap water, n = 10), A group (ginsenoside Rb1, 40 mg/kg, n = 10), B group (trigonelline, 20 mg/kg, n = 10) and the C group (ginsenoside Rb1 and trigonelline, 60 mg/kg, m(ginsenoside Rb1) : m (trigonelline) = 2:1, n = 10). The control group was treated with tap water (n = 10). All rats were gavaged with drugs or tap water once daily for 12 weeks. Results: Renal dysfunction, oxidative stress, and pathological alteration were significantly alleviated by a combination of ginsenoside Rb1 and trigonellin (C group). Some miRNAs were expressed differentially in Con, DN, A and C groups. Results of immunohistochemistry and western blotting showed that Wnt and ß-catenin were expressed differentially in Con, DN, and C groups. Conclusion: Ginsenoside Rb1 and trigonelline could prevent the development of diabetic renal lesions by regulating the expression of miR-3550 and further associating with the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling.

15.
J Headache Pain ; 20(1): 93, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has suggested that the cerebellum is associated with pain and migraine. In addition, the descending pain system of the brainstem is the major site of trigeminal pain processing and modulation and has been discussed as a main player in the pathophysiology of migraine. Cerebellar and brainstem structural changes associated with migraineurs remain to be further investigated. METHODS: Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) (50 controls, 50 migraineurs without aura (MWoAs)) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) (46 controls, 46 MWoAs) were used to assess cerebellum and brainstem anatomical alterations associated with MWoAs. We utilized a spatially unbiased infratentorial template toolbox (SUIT) to perform cerebellum and brainstem optimized VBM and DTI analysis. We extracted the average diffusion values from a probabilistic cerebellar white matter atlas to investigate whether MWoAs exhibited microstructure alterations in the cerebellar peduncle tracts. RESULTS: MWoAs showed decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) in the vermis VI extending to the bilateral lobules V and VI of the cerebellum. We also found higher axial diffusivity (AD), mean diffusivity (MD), and radial diffusivity (RD) in the right inferior cerebellum peduncle tract in MWoAs. MWoAs exhibited both reduced gray matter volume and increased AD, MD and RD in the spinal trigeminal nucleus (SpV). CONCLUSION: MWoAs exhibited microstructural changes in the cerebellum and the local brainstem. These structural differences might contribute to dysfunction of the transmission and modulation of noxious information, trigeminal nociception, and conduction and integration of multimodal information in MWoAs. These findings further suggest involvement of the cerebellum and the brainstem in the pathology of migraine without aura.

16.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(9): 1921-1932, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523193

RESUMO

The computer­based lung respiratory sound analysis, which can provide more information about the condition of lung station, has achieved a great development in recent years. However, the external noise in respiratory sound signal is a large restriction to the further promotion of this technique. In this paper, a kind of serial integrated de-noising algorithms which consist of a FIR band-pass filter and a modified wavelet filter and an adaptive filter, is proposed to suppress the noise in respiratory sound signals. The design of this kind of filter and its practical application are studied. The practical application in de-noise of the lung sound shows that this filter has a good de-noising effect and a good performance in outstanding the acoustic characteristics.

17.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535380

RESUMO

Numerous studies have reported that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) dysregulation is involved in the progression of many malignant tumors, including glioma. The lncRNA ZNFX1 antisense RNA 1 (ZFAS1) plays an oncogenic role in various malignant tumors, such as gastric cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of ZFAS1 in glioma has not been fully clarified. In this study, we found that the expression of ZFAS1 was upregulated in both glioma tissues and cell lines. Functional experiments revealed that ZFAS1 promoted glioma proliferation, migration and invasion, and increased resistance to temozolomide in vitro. By using online databases, RNA pull-down assays and luciferase reporter assays, ZFAS1 was demonstrated to act as a sponge of miR-150-5p. Furthermore, proteolipid protein 2 (PLP2) was shown to be the functional target of miR-150-5p. Rescue experiments revealed that ZFAS1 regulated the expression of PLP2 by sponging miR-150-5p. Finally, a xenograft tumor assay demonstrated that ZFAS1 promoted glioma growth in vivo. Our results showed that ZFAS1 promoted glioma malignant progression by regulating the miR-150-5p/PLP2 axis, which may provide a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of glioma.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 48(38): 14256-14260, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528971

RESUMO

NiMo bimetallic phosphide was synthesized from its corresponding oxidic precursor in a 1 : 1 CH4 : CO2 gas mixture for the first time. The in situ synthesized NiMoP phase in the feed for CH4-CO2 reforming can exhibit a higher activity compared to the one prepared in H2.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529963

RESUMO

Near-infrared (NIR) microlasers play a significant role in telecommunication and biomedical tissue imaging. However, it remains a big challenge to realize NIR microlasers because of the difficulty in preparing highly efficient NIR luminescent materials and perfect optical resonators. Here, we propose a molecular design strategy to creatively realize the first spiropyrane (SP)-based NIR microlasers with low threshold from self-assembled microsphercial caps. The tetraphenylethylene (TPE) moiety with a highly twisted conformation provides a large free volume to facilitate the photoisomerization process of SP and enhance NIR emission of merocyanine in the solid state. Moreover, self-assembled TPE-SP microsphercial caps simultaneously serve as gain media and resonant microcavities, providing optical gain and feedback for NIR laser oscillations with a low threshold (3.68 µJ/cm2). These results are beneficial for deeply understanding the SP microstructures-lasing emission characteristic relationship and provide a useful guideline for the rational molecular design of NIR microlasers with special functionalities.

20.
Virol J ; 16(1): 106, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plant viruses can affect vector's behaviors in order to enhance viral transmission. Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) (genus Crinivirus) is an emergent RNA plant virus and is transmitted specifically by biotypes B and Q of tobacco whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), in a semipersistent manner. METHODS: We used the electrical penetration graph (EPG) to investigate the effect of CCYV on the feeding behaviors of B. tabaci biotypes B and Q. RESULTS: CCYV could affect, both directly and indirectly, the feeding behaviors of B. tabaci to various degrees, depending on biotypes and sexes of the insect. CCYV showed stronger direct effects on biotype Q than on biotype B in terms of increased non-phloem probing and phloem salivation. CCYV increased non-phloem probing and phloem salivation more on females than on males of biotype Q, and increased phloem salivation more on females than on males of biotype B. CCYV had stronger indirect effects, via virus-infested plants, on biotype B than on biotype Q by enhancing phloem sap ingestion and feeding bouts. CCYV increased non-phloem probing and feeding bouts more on males than on females of biotype B, and decreased phloem sap ingestion more on males than on females on biotype Q indirectly. CONCLUSIONS: The results clearly indicated that CCYV affects the feeding behaviors of B. tabaci, which may lead to increased ability of the B. tabaci for CCYV transmission.

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