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1.
Dalton Trans ; 48(9): 2959-2966, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30741287

RESUMO

Novel additives of lanthanum aminopolycarboxylates with inorganic anions, Na12n[La(edta)L]4n·8nNaCl·4nH2O (1: L = HPO32-; 2: L = CO32-) and K12n[La(cdta)(CO3)]4n·35nH2O (3) (H4edta = ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; H4cdta = cyclohexanediaminetetraacetic acid), were obtained in alkaline solution. Structural analyses reveal that 1 and 2 are isomorphous and contain interesting square structures. HPO32- (CO32-) was encaged in the constructed tetranuclear frameworks. Tetranuclear lanthanum ethylenediaminetetraacetate was further encaged in superstructures of sodium chloride. 3 has a similar square structure, in which edta is replaced by cdta. All complexes are fully characterized via elemental, FT-IR, NMR, thermogravimetric and structural analyses. Solution 13C NMR spectra show that 1 and 2 dissociate into mononuclear units in water. Interestingly, 2 possesses 3.7 Å diameter holes inside its crystals, which can adsorb a small amount of O2 or CO2 selectively. The amounts of O2 and CO2 adsorbed increase gradually from 0.32 and 0.38 mg g-1 at 0.4 bar to 15.90 and 10.54 mg g-1 at 29.9 bar, respectively.

2.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 51: 282-290, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26923244

RESUMO

As a type of pattern-recognition proteins, lectins perform important functions in the innate immunity of crustaceans, including prawns. Although several reports showed that C-type lectin domain family (CLEC) importantly functions in host-pathogen interactions, limited research has focused on CLEC in Macrobrachium rosenbergii. In the present study, a new single CRD containing CLEC (designated as MrLec) was reported in freshwater prawns, M. rosenbergii. The full-length cDNA of MrLec consisted of 1027 bp with an open reading frame of 801 bp, which encoded a peptide of 266 amino acid residues. Genomic sequence for MrLec was also obtained from the M. rosenbergii, which contain 4 exons and 3 introns. MrLec was found to contain a single carbohydrate-recognition domain with an EPN motif. MrLec was ubiquitously distributed in various tissues of a normal prawn, particularly in the hepatopancreas and gills. MrLec expression in the gills was significantly upregulated after a challenge with Vibrio parahaemolyticus and downregulated at 24 h after MrLec RNA interference (MrLec-RNAi). The expression levels of some AMPs, including antilipopolysaccharide factor 1 (Alf1) and lysozyme 2 (Lyso2), also markedly decreased after MrLec-RNAi. Recombinant MrLec can agglutinate (Ca(2+)-dependent) and bind both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Results suggested that MrLec participates in the recognition of invading pathogens and functions in the immune response of prawn against pathogen infections.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Artrópodes/imunologia , Lectinas Tipo C/imunologia , Palaemonidae/imunologia , Vibrioses/imunologia , Testes de Aglutinação , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Sequência de Bases , DNA Complementar/genética , Brânquias/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatopâncreas/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Palaemonidae/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Vibrioses/veterinária
3.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 52(2): 236-44, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26026243

RESUMO

Relish is an NF-kB transcription factor involved in immune-deficiency (IMD) signal pathway. In this study, a Relish gene (MrRelish) was identified from Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The full length of MrRelish comprises 5072 bp, including a 3510 bp open reading frame encoding a 1169 bp amino acid protein. MrRelish contains a Rel homology domain (RHD), a nucleus localization signal, an IκB-like domain (6 ankyrin repeats), and a death domain. Phylogenetic analysis showed that MrRelish and other Relish from crustaceans belong to one group. MrRelish was expressed in all detected tissues, with the highest expression level in hemocytes and intestines. MrRelish was also upregulated in hepatopancreas at 6 h after Vibrio anguillarum challenge. The over-expression of MrRelish could induce the expression of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), such as Drosophila Metchnikowin (Mtk), Attacin (Atta), Drosomycin (Drs), and Cecropin (CecA) and shrimp Penaeidin (Pen4). The RNAi of MrRelish in gills showed that the expression of crustin (cru) 2, Cru5, Cru8, lysozyme (Lyso) 1, and Lyso2 was inhibited. However, the expression of anti-lipopolysaccharide factor (ALF) 1 and ALF3 did not change when MrRelish was knocked down. These results indicate that MrRelish may play an important role in innate immune defense against V. anguillarum in M. rosenbergii.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B/genética , Palaemonidae/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/genética , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Proteínas de Artrópodes/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular , Drosophila , Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Hepatopâncreas/imunologia , Hepatopâncreas/metabolismo , Hepatopâncreas/microbiologia , Imunidade Inata , NF-kappa B/fisiologia , Especificidade de Órgãos , Palaemonidae/imunologia , Vibrio/imunologia
4.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 43(1): 200-8, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25555810

RESUMO

gC1qR, as a multicompartmental and a multifunctional protein, plays an important role in innate immunity. In this study, a gC1qR homolog (MrgC1qR) in the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii was identified. MrgC1qR, a 258-amino-acid polypeptide, shares high identities with gC1qR from other species. MrgC1qR gene was expressed in different tissues and was highest expressed in the hepatopancreas. In addition, the MrgC1qR transcript was significantly enhanced after 6 h of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection or post 2 h, 24 h of Vibrio anguillarum challenge compared to appropriate controls. Moreover, recombinant MrgC1qR (rMrgC1qR) had bacterial binding activity, the result also revealed that rMrgC1qR could bind pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) such as LPS or PGN, suggesting that MrgC1qRmight function as a pathogen-recognition receptor (PRR). Furthermore, glutathione S-transferase (GST) pull-down assays showed that rMrgC1qR with GST-tag could bind to rMrFicolin1 or rMrFicolin2 with His-tag. Altogether, these results may demonstrate a role for MrgC1qR in innate immunity in the giant freshwater prawns.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Complemento C1q/genética , Imunidade Inata , Palaemonidae/genética , Palaemonidae/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Artrópodes/química , Proteínas de Artrópodes/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular , Complemento C1q/química , Complemento C1q/metabolismo , DNA Complementar/genética , DNA Complementar/metabolismo , Palaemonidae/metabolismo , Filogenia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Vibrio/fisiologia , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1/fisiologia
5.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 49(1): 121-6, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25475962

RESUMO

C-type lectins play crucial roles in innate immunity. In the present study, a novel C-type lectin gene, designated as MrCTL, was identified from Macrobrachium rosenbergii. MrCTL contains 2 carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs), namely MrCRD1 and MrCRD2. The MrCRD1 contains a QEP motif and MrCRD2 contains a motif of EPD. MrCTL was mainly expressed in the hepatopancreas. The expression level of MrCTL in hepatopancreas was significantly upregulated after a challenge with Vibrio parahaemolyticus or White spot syndrome virus (WSSV). The recombinant MrCTL, MrCRD1 and MrCRD2 have an ability to agglutinate both Gram-negative (V. parahaemolyticus) and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) in a calcium dependent manner. The recombinant MrCTL, MrCRD1 and MrCRD2 bind directly to all tested microorganisms. All these results suggested that MrCTL may have important roles in immune defense against invading pathogens in prawns.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Artrópodes/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Lectinas Tipo C/imunologia , Palaemonidae/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Artrópodes/classificação , Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Sequência de Bases , Sítios de Ligação/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Lectinas Tipo C/classificação , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Palaemonidae/microbiologia , Palaemonidae/virologia , Filogenia , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Staphylococcus aureus/imunologia , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/imunologia , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/fisiologia , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1/imunologia , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1/fisiologia
6.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 34(8): 2234-7, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25474968

RESUMO

A novel method based on Y-shaped microfluidic channel was firstly proposed in this study. The microfluidic channel was made of two cotton-polyester threads based on the capillary effect of cotton-polyester threads for the determination solutions. A special device was developed to fix the Y-shaped microfluidic channel by ourselves, through which the length and the tilt angle of the channel can be adjusted as requested. The spectrophotometry was compared with Scan-Adobe Photoshop software processing method. The former had a lower detection limit while the latter showed advantages in both convenience and fast operations and lower amount of samples. The proposed method was applied to the determination of nitrite. The linear ranges and detection limits are 1.0-70 micromol x L(-1), 0.66 micromol x L(-1) (spectrophotometry) and 50-450 micromol x L(-1), 45.10 micromol x L(-1) (Scan-Adobe Photoshop software processing method) respectively. This method has been successfully used to the determination of nitrite in soil samples and moat water with recoveries between 96.7% and 104%. It was proved that the proposed method was a low-cost, rapid and convenient analytical method with extensive application prospect.

7.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 44(2): 359-69, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24462836

RESUMO

Ficolins, a kind of lectin containing collagen-like and fibrinogen-related domains (FReDs, also known as FBG or FREP), are involved in the first line of host defense against pathogens. In this study, two ficolins, namely, MrFico1 and MrFico2, from the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii were identified. In contrast to other ficolins, these two ficolins have no collagen-like domain, but such ficolins contain a coiled region and a FReD domain. Phylogenetic analysis showed that MrFico1 and MrFico2, together with two ficolin-like proteins from Pacifastacus leniusculus, belonged to one group. Quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) showed that both MrFico1 and MrFico2 were expressed in hepatopancreas, stomach and intestine, with the highest expression in stomach for MrFico1, compared to the highest expression in hepatopancreas for MrFico2. qRT-PCR analysis also showed that MrFico1 was obviously upregulated upon Vibrio anguillarium challenge, while MrFico2 was upregulated after challenged by V. anguillarium or white spot syndrome virus. Bacterium-binding experiment showed that MrFico1 and MrFico2 could bind to different microbes, and sugar-binding assay revealed that these two ficolins could also bind to lipopolysaccharide and peptidoglycan, the glycoconjugates of bacteria surface. Moreover, these two ficolins could agglutinate bacteria in a calcium-dependent manner, and the results of bacteria clearance experiment showed that both ficolins could facilitate the clearance of injected bacteria in the prawn. Our results suggested that MrFico1 and MrFico2 may function as pattern-recognition receptors in the immune system of M. rosenbergii.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus de DNA/imunologia , Hepatopâncreas/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Lectinas/metabolismo , Penaeidae/imunologia , Vibrioses/imunologia , Vibrio/imunologia , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1/imunologia , Aglutinação , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , Lectinas/genética , Lectinas/isolamento & purificação , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Peptidoglicano/metabolismo , Filogenia , Ligação Proteica , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína/genética , Receptores de Reconhecimento de Padrão/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Regulação para Cima
8.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 42(2): 286-93, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24090967

RESUMO

Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is a universal and essential adapter protein that participates in the activation of the Toll-like receptor (TLR)/interleukin-1 receptor-mediated signaling pathway. In this study, two MyD88 genes (HcMyD88-1 and HcMyD88-2) were identified from triangle-shell pearl mussel (Hyriopsis cumingii). Both HcMyD88-1 and HcMyD88-2 proteins were determined to have a death domain at the N-terminal and a TIR domain at the C-terminal. Both HcMyD88-1 and HcMyD88-2 genes were mainly expressed in the hepatopancreas of healthy mussels. HcMyD88-1 and HcMyD88-2 slightly responded to Gram-negative bacterial challenge. Upon bacterial challenge with Gram-positive Staphyloccocus aureus, HcMyD88-1 and HcMyD88-2 transcription levels remarkably increased at 2 and 6h, respectively. Overexpression of HcMyD88-1 and HcMyD88-2 proteins in Drosophila Schneider 2 cells led to the activation of antimicrobial peptide genes. These results indicated that HcMyD88-2 had higher activity than HcMyD88-1 during the activation of attacin A, drosomycin, and metchnikowin genes, suggesting that HcMyD88 genes may play a role in antibacterial innate immune defense.


Assuntos
Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/imunologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/imunologia , Unionidae/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/imunologia , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular , Drosophila/imunologia , Proteínas de Drosophila/imunologia , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Variação Genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/classificação , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Filogenia , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/imunologia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Staphylococcus aureus/imunologia , Unionidae/genética , Unionidae/microbiologia
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