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1.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017159

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Association of SIX1-SIX6 variants with peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (p-RNFL) thickness had been reported in adults. This study aimed to investigate these associations in children, with further explorations by spatial, age and sex stratifications. METHODS: 2878 school children aged between 6 and 9 years were enrolled from the Hong Kong Children Eye Study. Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the SIX1-SIX6 locus were genotyped. The association of each SNP with p-RNFL thickness (including global and sectoral thickness) were evaluated using multiple linear regression. RESULTS: SNPs rs33912345 (p=7.7×10-4) and rs10483727 (p=0.0013) showed significant associations with temporal-inferior p-RNFL thickness. The C allele of rs33912345 was associated with a thinner temporal-inferior p-RNFL by an average of 2.44 µm, while rs10483727-T was associated with a thinner temporal-inferior p-RNFL by 2.32 µm. The association with temporal-inferior p-RNFL was the strongest in the 8-9 year-old group for rs33912345 (p=5.2×10-4) and rs10483727 (p=3.3×10-4). Both SNPs were significantly associated with temporal-inferior p-RNFL thickness in boys (p<0.0017), but not in girls (p>0.05). In contrast, rs12436579-C (ß=1.66; p=0.0059), but not rs33912345-C (ß=1.31; p=0.052) or rs10483727-T (ß=1.19; p=0.078), was nominally associated with a thicker nasal-inferior p-RNFL. CONCLUSIONS: Both rs33912345 and rs10483727 at SIX1-SIX6 were associated with p-RNFL thickness in children, especially at the temporal-inferior sector, with age-dependent and sex-specific effects. SNP rs12436579 was associated with nasal-inferior p-RNFL thickness. Our findings suggested a role of SIX1-SIX6 in RNFL variation during neural retina development in childhood.

2.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autologous fat grafting has become a commonly used procedure for breast reconstruction after breast cancer surgical treatment. Nevertheless, oncological considerations remain concerning autologous fat grafting after breast cancer surgery. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to summarize the current matched cohort studies and provide high-quality evidence-based conclusions on the oncological safety of fat grafting in breast reconstruction. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines were followed. A literature search was performed on August 1, 2021, using PubMed. All relevant matched cohort studies of patients undergoing autologous fat grafting after breast cancer surgery were included. After independently screening the studies and extracting the data, pooled estimates for local and regional recurrence as well as distant metastases were conducted using Review Manager software (RevMan, version 5.3). Outcomes were expressed as odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: Seventeen studies involving 7494 patients were included. The observed outcomes indicated that no significant differences existed in the risks of local and regional recurrence or distant metastases between autologous fat grafting and control groups. Also, there was no significant heterogeneity among the studies. CONCLUSION: This study provided evidence-based conclusions that support the use of autologous fat grafting in breast reconstruction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

3.
Lasers Surg Med ; 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Photic maculopathy resulting from laser-induced plasma flash has been rarely reported, and the corresponding mechanism of the injury is still unclear. We present a case series of three patients with bilateral macular injuries produced by exposure to the plasma radiation from femtosecond laser tightly focusing. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Funduscopic findings were accompanied mainly by optical coherence tomography (OCT) investigation of the macula during the follow-up period. RESULTS: All patients shared similar clinical symptoms soon after the initial injury, including reduced visual acuity and central scotomas. It was acutely characterized by foveolar yellowish faceted lesions upon fundus examination. The main OCT finding in the acute stage was a hyper-reflective area involving all foveolar retinal layers without retinal edema. Repeat OCT evaluation during the latter stages revealed that the retinal changes were reversible, but delineated mild pathology at the outer foveal retina. This retinal structural recovery was accompanied by improvements in visual acuity and central scotomas as well. CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged viewing of a plasma flash induced by a focused femtosecond laser without eye protection may produce persistent damage to the retina. We believe that a photochemical process similar to the mechanism of a solar burn or welder's maculopathy may cause retinal damage in this case series.

4.
Small ; : e2105741, 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35038227

RESUMO

Catalysts made of in situ exsolved metal nanoparticles often demonstrate promising activity and high stability in many applications. However, the traditional approach is limited by perovskites as prevailing precursor and requires high temperature typically above 900 K. Here, with the guidance of theoretical calculation, an unprecedented and substantially facile technique is demonstrated for Cu nanoparticles exsolved from interstitially Cu cations doped nickel-based hydroxide, which is accomplished swiftly at room temperature and results in metal nanoparticles with a quasi-uniform size of 4 nm, delivering an exceptional CO faradaic efficiency of 95.6% for the electrochemical reduction of CO2 with a notable durability. This design principle is further proven to be generally applicable to other metals and foregrounded for guiding the development of advanced catalytic materials.

5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114456, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333105

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a liver malignancy which lacks effective treatment and has a poor prognosis. ß-Elemene refers to a natural Curcuma wenyujin-derived single molecular entity, which exhibits various biological activities, and is especially well-known for it's antitumor properties. AIM OF THE RESEARCH: LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1, and PDK1 have displayed oncogenic roles in many tumors, participating in the initiation and progression of cancers by mediating multiple signaling pathways. However, there are only a few reports about their roles and mutual relationship in the growth of HCC cells. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the expression of LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1, and PDK1 and their interaction with ß-Elemene in HCC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MTT, a Colony formation assay, and flow cytometry were employed to evaluate the growth of HCC and LO2 cells under ß-Elemene. LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1 and PDK1 plasmids were transfected into HCC cells by a transient transfection assay, and the expression and interaction of LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1 and PDK1 were assessed via qRT-PCR and western blotting. RESULTS: ß-Elemene suppressed HCC cell growth through the downregulation of LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1 and PDK1. The results demonstrated a reciprocal interaction among LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1 and PDK1. Exogenous overexpression LncRNA HOTAIR or SP1 eliminated the suppressive effects of ß-Elemene on them, and both of which regulated PDK1 expression in HCC cells. Additionally, exogenously overexpressed SP1 or LncRNA HOTAIR prevented ß-Elemene inhibition of the protein-level expression of PDK1, whereas overexpressing PDK1 had no effect on SP1, though it still weakened the inhibition of cell growth and LncRNA HOTAIR expression by ß-Elemene. CONCLUSION: ß-Elemene suppresses HCC cell proliferation via through the regulation of LncRNA HOTAIR, SP1, PDK1 and their interaction.

6.
Org Biomol Chem ; 20(3): 553-557, 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932056

RESUMO

The indolyl-4(3H)-quinazolinone core is an important structural motif in functional molecules. However, few methods exist for its direct modification, which limits its potential application. Reported herein is a palladium-mediated amination of halogen-containing indolyl-4(3H)-quinazolinones with a variety of primary and secondary amines via the corresponding palladium oxidative addition complexes. The protocol allows the facile synthesis of indolyl-4(3H)-quinazolinone derivatives with amino groups at all the positions of the benzene ring in moderate to good yields with mild reaction conditions and good functional group tolerance. Furthermore, the antitumor activity of these products was evaluated.

7.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 207: 114404, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34700199

RESUMO

Ulotaront (SEP-363856) is a novel non-D2-receptor-binding agent under development for the treatment of patients with schizophrenia. A highly sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method with lower limit of quantitation of 0.0200 ng/mL (i.e. 20.0 pg/mL) was successfully developed and validated for the simultaneous quantitation of ulotaront and its N-desmethyl metabolite (M11A) in human plasma. Plasma samples were extracted by solid phase extraction with Oasis MCX 96-well plate, followed by a reversed phase LC separation coupled with MS/MS detection in positive mode (m/z 184.1 → 135.0 for ulotaront and 170.1 → 135.0 for M11A). Stable isotope-labeled compounds SEP-363856-d3 and M11A-d4 were used as internal standards (IS) for corresponding analytes. The validated calibration curve range was 0.0200-20.0 ng/mL for both analytes using a 0.200 mL plasma. Extraction recoveries were found to be 75.7% and 75.1% for ulotaront and IS1, and 82.7% and 83.9% for M11A and IS2, respectively. Frozen plasma samples were confirmed to be stable for up to 730 days at both -20 °C and -70 °C. The validated method has been successfully used to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) of ulotaront and M11A in clinical studies. The application to the first-in-human PK study (single ascending dose) presented in this work demonstrated that ulotaront exhibited near dose proportionality for both Cmax (maximum concentration) and AUC (area under the curve) over the dose range from 5 to 125 mg. M11A was found as a minor metabolite with an exposure of about 2-3% of the parent compound.


Assuntos
Plasma , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Cromatografia Líquida , Humanos , Piranos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Small Methods ; 5(3): e2001086, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927822

RESUMO

Conical carbon, specifically multi-walled carbon nanocones (CNCs) and single-walled carboncones, is a new class of sp2 -hybridized carbon allotrope, in addition to fullerene, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and graphene. Characterized by a conical and delocalized aromatic configuration, the conical carbon structure is considered the intermediate structure between planar graphene and open-cage fullerene. CNCs can be stiffer than CNTs and exhibit intriguing physical and chemical properties owing to their unique hollow conical structure, which make these materials promising for application as field emission sources and scanning probes. The research on conical carbon structures is in its nascent stage, mainly because of the limitations in the synthesis and purification of conical carbons. This review summarizes the significant progress in the synthesis of CNCs and carboncones. Particularly, the synthetic methods, which can be divided into traditional physical-chemical synthesis methods for multi-walled CNCs and emerging bottom-up organic synthesis methods for single-walled carboncones, are comprehensively discussed. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of the various synthetic methods as well as the possible formation and growth mechanisms of CNCs and carboncones are discussed. Finally, some outlooks on the potential solutions to the synthesis of single-walled carboncones with uniform apex angles are presented.

9.
Cells ; 10(11)2021 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34831112

RESUMO

Pulmonary premature ageing and fibrogenesis as in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) occur with the DNA damage response in lungs deficient of telomerase. The molecular mechanism mediating pulmonary alveolar cell fates remains to be investigated. The present study shows that naturally occurring ageing is associated with the DNA damage response (DDR) and activation of the p53 signalling pathway. Telomerase deficiency induced by telomerase RNA component (TERC) knockout (KO) accelerates not only replicative senescence but also altered differentiation and apoptosis of the pulmonary alveolar stem cells (AEC2) in association with increased innate immune natural killer (NK) cells in TERC KO mice. TERC KO results in increased senescence-associated heterochromatin foci (SAHF) marker HP1γ, p21, p16, and apoptosis-associated cleaved caspase-3 in AEC2. However, additional deficiency of the tumour suppressor p53 in the Trp53-/- allele of the late generation of TERC KO mice attenuates the increased senescent and apoptotic markers significantly. Moreover, p53 deficiency has no significant effect on the increased gene expression of T1α (a marker of terminal differentiated AEC1) in AEC2 of the late generation of TERC KO mice. These findings demonstrate that, in natural ageing or premature ageing accelerated by telomere shortening, pulmonary senescence and IPF develop with alveolar stem cell p53-dependent premature replicative senescence, apoptosis, and p53-independent differentiation, resulting in pulmonary senescence-associated low-grade inflammation (SALI). Our studies indicate a natural ageing-associated molecular mechanism of telomerase deficiency-induced telomere DDR and SALI in pulmonary ageing and IPF.

10.
Gut ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori infection is mostly a family-based infectious disease. To facilitate its prevention and management, a national consensus meeting was held to review current evidence and propose strategies for population-wide and family-based H. pylori infection control and management to reduce the related disease burden. METHODS: Fifty-seven experts from 41 major universities and institutions in 20 provinces/regions of mainland China were invited to review evidence and modify statements using Delphi process and grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation system. The consensus level was defined as ≥80% for agreement on the proposed statements. RESULTS: Experts discussed and modified the original 23 statements on family-based H. pylori infection transmission, control and management, and reached consensus on 16 statements. The final report consists of three parts: (1) H. pylori infection and transmission among family members, (2) prevention and management of H. pylori infection in children and elderly people within households, and (3) strategies for prevention and management of H. pylori infection for family members. In addition to the 'test-and-treat' and 'screen-and-treat' strategies, this consensus also introduced a novel third 'family-based H. pylori infection control and management' strategy to prevent its intrafamilial transmission and development of related diseases. CONCLUSION: H. pylori is transmissible from person to person, and among family members. A family-based H. pylori prevention and eradication strategy would be a suitable approach to prevent its intra-familial transmission and related diseases. The notion and practice would be beneficial not only for Chinese residents but also valuable as a reference for other highly infected areas.

11.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther ; 71: 102096, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740750

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of PCI-34051-induced human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs)-derived exosomes (PCI-Exo) on human bronchial smooth muscle cells (HBSMCs) and the key exosomal miRNAs involved in this process. Blank exosomes (Exo) and PCI-Exo were extracted from HBECs treated with PBS and PCI-34051, respectively. RNA-sequencing was performed to uncover the miRNA expression profile affected by PCI-Exo. The MTT, flow cytometry and TUNEL assays were performed to reveal the effect of PCI-34051 and PCI-Exo on the proliferation and apoptosis of HBSMCs. Western blotting and qRT-PCR were used for detecting protein and mRNA expression. A total of 25 exosomal miRNAs consisted of 17 down-regulated and eight up-regulated miRNAs were differentially expressed among PCI-Exo and Exo. Target genes of the exosomal miRNAs were mainly associated with signal transduction, cell adhesion, microRNAs in cancer, and ECM receptor interaction. miR-381-3p was identified as the most significant upregulated differential miRNA in PCI-Exo after qRT-PCR validation and could be transferred to HBSMCs by PCI-Exo. PCI-Exo treatment inhibited the proliferation but induced the apoptosis of HBSMCs. TGFß3 was identified as a target gene of miR-381-3p which could directly bind to the 3'UTR of TGFß3 mRNA. After transfecting the miR-381-3p mimic into HBSMCs, the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis rate of HBSMCs was significantly increased, and siTGFß3 transfection showed similar effects. Moreover, miR-381-3p overexpression could not only decrease the expression of α-SMA, FN1 and collagen I but also increase that of E-cadherin in HBSMCs. Our findings suggested that PCI-Exo could hinder the proliferation and obviously induce the apoptosis of HBSMCs, and its mechanisms might partly be attributable to the reduction of TGFß3 level by up-regulating exosomal miR-381-3p expression. These results may be vital for the treatment of lung related-diseases, especially asthma.

12.
BMC Nephrol ; 22(1): 392, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common form of primary glomerulonephritis worldwide, and its diagnosis depends mainly on renal biopsy. However, there is no specific treatment for IgAN. Moreover, its causes and underlying molecular events require further exploration. METHODS: The expression profiles of GSE64306 and GSE93798 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and used to identify the differential expression of miRNAs and genes, respectively. The StarBase and TransmiR databases were employed to predict target genes and transcription factors of the differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs). Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were conducted to predict biological functions. A comprehensive analysis of the miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks and hub genes were identified. CIBERSORT was used to examine the immune cells in IgAN, and correlation analyses were performed between the hub genes and infiltrating immune cells. RESULTS: Four downregulated miRNAs and 16 upregulated miRNAs were identified. Forty-five and twelve target genes were identified for the upregulated and downregulated DE-miRNAs, respectively. CDKN1A, CDC23, EGR1, HIF1A, and TRIM28 were the hub genes with the highest degrees of connectivity. CIBERSORT revealed increases in the numbers of activated NK cells, M1 and M2 macrophages, CD4 naive T cells, and regulatory T cells in IgAN. Additionally, HIF1A, CDC23, TRIM28, and CDKN1A in IgAN patients were associated with immune cell infiltration. CONCLUSIONS: A potential miRNA-mRNA regulatory network contributing to IgAN onset and progression was successfully established. The results of the present study may facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of IgAN by targeting established miRNA-mRNA interaction networks. Infiltrating immune cells may play significant roles in IgAN pathogenesis. Future studies on these immune cells may help guide immunotherapy for IgAN patients.

13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(18): 183202, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767406

RESUMO

Multistability is an extraordinary nonlinear property of dynamical systems and can be explored to implement memory and switches. Here we experimentally realize the tristability in a three-mode cavity magnonic system with Kerr nonlinearity. The three stable states in the tristable region correspond to the stable solutions of the frequency shift of the cavity magnon polariton under specific driving conditions. We find that the system staying in which stable state depends on the history experienced by the system, and this state can be harnessed to store the history information. In our experiment, the memory time can reach as long as 5.11 s. Moreover, we demonstrate the ternary logic gate with good on-off characteristics using this multistable hybrid system. Our new findings pave a way towards cavity magnonics-based information storage and processing.

14.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the more severe form of metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), and no pharmacologic treatment approved as yet. Identification of novel therapeutic targets and their agents are critical to overcome the current inadequacy of drug treatment for NASH. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The correlation between heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) levels and the development of NASH and the target genes of HSF1 in hepatocyte were revealed by chromatin-immunoprecipitation sequencing. The effects and mechanisms of SYSU-3d in alleviating NASH were examined in relevant cell models and mouse models (the Ob/Ob mice, high-fat and high-cholesterol diet, the methionine-choline deficient diet fed mice). The drug-like properties of SYSU-3d in vivo were evaluated. KEY RESULTS: HSF1 is progressively reduced with mitochondrial dysfunction in NASH pathogenesis and activation of this transcription factor by its newly-identified activator SYSU-3d efficiently ameliorated all manifestations of NASH in mice. When activated, the phosphorylated HSF1 (Ser326) translocated to nucleus and bound to the promoter of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) to induce mitochondrial biogenesis, thus increasing mitochondrial adaptive oxidation and inhibiting oxidative stress. The deletion of HSF1 and PGC-1α or recovery of HSF1 in HSF1-deficiency cells revealed the HSF1/PGC-1α metabolic axis mainly responsible for the anti-NASH effects of SYSU-3d independent of adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK). CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Activation of HSF1 is a practicable therapeutic approach for NASH treatment via the HSF1/PGC-1α/mitochondrial axis, and SYSU-3d would take into consideration as a potential candidate for the treatment of NASH.

16.
J Neuroinflammation ; 18(1): 261, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of macrophage polarization on the expression of oxytocin (OT) and the oxytocin receptor (OTR) in enteric neurons. METHODS: In this study, we used a classic colitis model and D-mannose model to observe the correlation between macrophage polarization and OT signalling system. In order to further demonstrate the effect of macrophages, we examined the expression of OT signalling system after depletion of macrophages. RESULTS: The data showed that, in vitro, following polarization of macrophages to the M1 type by LPS, the macrophage supernatant contained proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α) that inhibited the expression of OT and OTR in cultured enteric neurons; following macrophage polarization to the M2 type by IL4, the macrophage supernatant contained anti-inflammatory cytokines (TGF-ß) that promoted the expression of OT and OTR in cultured enteric neurons. Furthermore, M1 macrophages decreased the expression of the OT signalling system mainly through STAT3/NF-κB pathways in cultured enteric neurons; M2 macrophages increased the expression of the OT signalling system mainly through activation of Smad2/3 and inhibition of the expression of Peg3 in cultured enteric neurons. In a colitis model, we demonstrated that macrophages were polarized to the M1 type during the inflammatory phase, with significant decreased in the expression of OT and OTR. When macrophages were polarized to the M2 type during the recovery phase, OT and OTR expression increased significantly. In addition, we found that D-mannose increased the expression of OT and OTR through polarization of macrophages to the M2 type. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to demonstrate that macrophage polarization differentially regulates the expression of OT and OTR in enteric neurons.

17.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(20): 2438-2446, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), human mobility restriction measures have raised controversies, partly because of the inconsistent findings. An empirical study is promptly needed to reliably assess the causal effects of the mobility restriction. The purpose of this study was to quantify the causal effects of human mobility restriction on the spread of COVID-19. METHODS: Our study applied the difference-in-difference (DID) model to assess the declines of population mobility at the city level, and used the log-log regression model to examine the effects of population mobility declines on the disease spread measured by cumulative or new cases of COVID-19 over time after adjusting for confounders. RESULTS: The DID model showed that a continual expansion of the relative declines over time in 2020. After 4 weeks, population mobility declined by -54.81% (interquartile range, -65.50% to -43.56%). The accrued population mobility declines were associated with the significant reduction of cumulative COVID-19 cases throughout 6 weeks (ie, 1% decline of population mobility was associated with 0.72% [95% CI: 0.50%-0.93%] reduction of cumulative cases for 1 week, 1.42% 2 weeks, 1.69% 3 weeks, 1.72% 4 weeks, 1.64% 5 weeks, and 1.52% 6 weeks). The impact on the weekly new cases seemed greater in the first 4 weeks but faded thereafter. The effects on cumulative cases differed by cities of different population sizes, with greater effects seen in larger cities. CONCLUSIONS: Persistent population mobility restrictions are well deserved. Implementation of mobility restrictions in major cities with large population sizes may be even more important.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 807(Pt 2): 150872, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627887

RESUMO

The utilization of recycled biochar combined with chemical leaching is an appropriate method to remove cadmium (Cd) from paddy soil. Some Cd-rich soil clay particulates (particulate Cd) are reported to be removed via biochar adsorption and the potential impact of biochar on soil properties need further study. The removal efficiencies and mechanisms of Cd from soil by using floatable hydroxyapatite modified biochar (HBC) combined with CaCl2 were studied. Synergetic removal efficiencies of total Cd (46.5%) and bioavailable Cd (37.9%) from the paddy soil were achieved with 2% HBC and 1 mM CaCl2. The increased soluble Cd in soil pore water by CaCl2 leaching could be efficiently adsorbed on HBC, and removed by HBC collection, reducing the risk of the residual soluble Cd in soil pore water to rice plants caused by the inefficient drainage in the field. The suspendability of clay particulates in overlying water was little affected by the low-level CaCl2 based on Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) calculation. Moreover, low-level CaCl2 facilitated the accumulation of particulate Cd on the floating HBC via decreasing the interaction energy (by 25%) between clay particulates and HBC. HBC-mediated Cd migration contributed ~70% of total Cd removal, while soluble and particulate Cd removed through the drainage accounted for ~30%. Soil clay proportion maintained at 25.3% due to the replenishment of HBC residues. In addition, soil nutrient and physicochemical conditions were improved with HBC residues. This work provides a novel soil remediation method by using floatable biochar combined with low-level CaCl2 for Cd-contaminated paddy soil remediation.

20.
Gigascience ; 10(9)2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Targeted diagnosis and treatment options are dependent on insights drawn from multi-modal analysis of large-scale biomedical datasets. Advances in genomics sequencing, image processing, and medical data management have supported data collection and management within medical institutions. These efforts have produced large-scale datasets and have enabled integrative analyses that provide a more thorough look of the impact of a disease on the underlying system. The integration of large-scale biomedical data commonly involves several complex data transformation steps, such as combining datasets to build feature vectors for learning analysis. Thus, scalable data integration solutions play a key role in the future of targeted medicine. Though large-scale data processing frameworks have shown promising performance for many domains, they fail to support scalable processing of complex datatypes. SOLUTION: To address these issues and achieve scalable processing of multi-modal biomedical data, we present TraNCE, a framework that automates the difficulties of designing distributed analyses with complex biomedical data types. PERFORMANCE: We outline research and clinical applications for the platform, including data integration support for building feature sets for classification. We show that the system is capable of outperforming the common alternative, based on "flattening" complex data structures, and runs efficiently when alternative approaches are unable to perform at all.

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