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1.
J Cancer ; 10(21): 5108-5113, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602263

RESUMO

Background: Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) has been widely utilized to evaluate new therapeutic strategies in cancer. However, RECIST fails to assess the heterogeneity of response in highly active therapies. Depth of response (DepOR), defined as the maximum percentage change in tumor size compared with baseline, may provide a new strategy to evaluate disease response. In the present study, we studied the association between DepOR and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI). Methods: Advanced NSCLC patients harboring EGFR driver mutation (L858R or exon 19 deletion) treated with EGFR-TKI from August 2014 to July 2017 from two sites were retrospetively collected for analysis. Patients were divided into four groups by DepOR (Q1 = 1-25%, Q2 = 26-50%, Q3 = 51-75%, Q4 = 76-100%). Kaplan-Meier curves were plotted for PFS against DepOR and the hazard ratio (HR) was determined through univariable and multivariable cox regression models. Results: In total, 265 patients were included for analysis. The number of patients in Group Q1-Q4 were 91 (34.3%), 73 (27.5%), 65 (24.5%) and 36 (13.6%), respectively. A greater DepOR was significantly associated with a longer PFS (Log-rank P<0.0001). The HRs (95% CI) for PFS comparing patients with different DepOR status were 0.58 (0.42-0.80) for Q2, 0.49 (0.35-0.69) for Q3, and 0.33 (0.22-0.50) for Q4, all compared with patients in Q1. DepOR as a continuous variable was also associated with prolonged PFS (HR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.13-0.33; P<0.001). Additionally, in the multivariable cox regression model, abnormal LDH, brain metastasis and male were found to be associated with worse PFS outcomes (P<0.05). Conclusion: A greater DepOR is significantly associated with PFS benefit in advanced NSCLC treated with EGFR-TKI, suggesting that it may be a useful clinical outcome to evaluate the response of targeted therapy.

2.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(5): 1779-1787, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285870

RESUMO

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) have become important treatment options for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR sensitive mutation. However, the detection of EGFR driver mutation is impeded by the lack of adequate tumor tissues, histopathological type, long detection period, and the heterogeneity of a tumor. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a more convenient method to guide the clinical use of EGFR-TKI. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are characterized as a closed structure with covalently joined ends resistant to exonucleases may be a potential biomarker. In the present study, we aimed to screen circRNAs that may be associated with the efficacy of EGFR-TKI. Methods: The expression of circRNAs sequenced by circular microarray in plasma samples between gefitinib effective and ineffective groups were compared. RT-qPCR further validated the results in an independent cohort. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to analyze the association between circRNA and progression-free survival (PFS) of NSCLC patients treated with gefitinib. Results: In total, 52 NSCLC patients treated with gefitinib were included for analysis. 1,377 circRNAs were differentially expressed in gefitinib effective and ineffective groups, among which 989 circRNAs were up-regulated, and 388 circRNAs were down-regulated in the effective group. Furthermore, two differentially expressed circRNAs, hsa_circ_0109320 and hsa_circ_0134501, were validated by RT-qPCR in an independent cohort of 38 gefitinib-treated NSCLC patients. Elevated hsa_circ_0109320 was associated with longer PFS in gefitinib-treated NSCLC patients. Conclusions: Taken together, hsa_circ_0109320 may be a potential biomarker for the efficacy of EGFR-TKI in NSCLC patients. This provides a new molecular typing method for individualized precision treatment.

3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(15): 1807-1814, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have a worse prognosis than younger patients, and the optimal treatment strategy for this group remains controversial. We conducted a retrospective analysis to investigate the clinical features and outcomes of elderly patients (>60 years) and to assess the impact of clinical and molecular factors on outcome in this age group. METHODS: From April 2006 to December 2012, a total of 349 elderly patients with DLBCL from the National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College were included in this analysis. Patients were further divided into two age groups (61-69 years and ≥70 years). We compared clinical characteristics and outcomes between groups. RESULTS: Of 349 total patients, 204 (58.5%) were aged 61 to 69 years, and 145 (41.5%) patients were aged 70 years or older. Except for the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, clinical characteristics were comparable between the two groups. With a median follow-up of 82 (range, 1-129) months, the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 51.9% and 45.8%, respectively. The 5-year OS rates for patients aged 61 to 69 years and those over 70 years were 58.3% and 42.8% (P = 0.007), respectively, and the 5-year PFS rates were 51.0% and 38.6% (P = 0.034). Treatment regimens including rituximab provided a higher 5-year OS rate (63.1% vs. 37.1%, P < 0.001) and PFS rate (56.6% vs. 31.8%, P < 0.001) than chemotherapy alone. For patients aged 61 to 69 years, chemotherapy plus rituximab resulted in a higher 5-year OS rate (66.7% vs. 46.4%, P = 0.002) and PFS rate (60.0% vs. 38.1%, P = 0.002) than chemotherapy alone. For patients aged ≥70 years, there was a marked survival advantage in patients who received chemotherapy plus rituximab (5-year OS rate: 57.7% vs. 25.4%, P < 0.001; 5-year PFS rate: 51.3% vs. 23.9%, P < 0.001) compared with that seen in those who received chemotherapy alone. Multivariate analysis established that stage III/IV disease, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), initial treatment, and chemotherapy with rituximab were independent risk factors for 5-year OS, and stage III/IV disease, elevated LDH, and chemotherapy with rituximab were independent risk factors for 5-year PFS for elderly patients with DLBCL. CONCLUSIONS: In comparison to patients aged 61 to 69 years, those aged ≥70 years have poorer survival. Prolonged survival is obtainable with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP)-like in elderly Chinese patients in all age groups, indicating that the R-CHOP-like regimen should be considered for this population, even for those aged 70 years or older.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
4.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 4449-4459, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31191007

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this phase Ib study (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01772732) was to assess safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PKs) of simotinib (a novel EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and EGFR gene mutation. Patients and methods: 41 patients with EGFR gene mutations were enrolled and received simotinib orally administered twice daily with dose escalating from 100 to 650 mg in 28 days cycle. Safety and tolerability were assessed through the study. Blood samples were collected for PK analysis on Days 1, 8, 9, 10, 15, 22 and 29. Tumor response was assessed at baseline, on Day 29 and every 8 weeks thereafter. Results: Simotinib was well tolerated, with no dose-limiting toxicities. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was not found. 95.1% of patients experienced at least one adverse event (AE), and most of them were mild or moderate. Rash (41.5%) and diarrhea (56.1%) were the most frequently reported AEs. Simotinib was rapidly absorbed and eliminated with average T max ranging from 1 to 4 hrs and T 1/2 ranging between 6.2 and 13.0 hrs after multiple-dose administration. No dose-response relationship between dose and exposure was observed after multiple-dose administration. 39.3% of the enrolled patients achieved a partial response and 46.3% had stable disease. Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 9.9 (CI% 4.7; 12.1) months and 14.6 (95%CI 12.3; 22.5) months, respectively. Conclusion: Simotinib was well tolerated, with manageable AEs at doses of up to 650 mg and MTD was not reached. Further studies to explore higher doses are ongoing.

6.
J Thorac Oncol ; 13(10): 1539-1548, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29966800

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The phase III randomized PROFILE 1014 study demonstrated superiority of crizotinib to first-line chemotherapy in prolonging progression-free survival (PFS) in previously untreated patients with ALK receptor tyrosine kinase gene (ALK)-positive advanced nonsquamous NSCLC. This result was consistent with that in the smaller subset of East Asian patients in PROFILE 1014. The subsequent study reported here prospectively evaluated crizotinib in a larger East Asian patient population. METHODS: In this open-label phase III study (PROFILE 1029), patients were randomized 1:1 to receive orally administered crizotinib 250 mg twice daily continuously (3-week cycles) or intravenously administered chemotherapy (pemetrexed 500 mg/m2, plus cisplatin 75 mg/m2, or carboplatin [at a dose to produce area under the concentration-time curve of 5-6 mg·min/mL]) every 3 weeks for a maximum of six cycles. PFS confirmed by independent radiology review was the primary end point. RESULTS: Crizotinib significantly prolonged PFS (hazard ratio, 0.402; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.286-0.565; p < 0.001). The median PFS was 11.1 months with crizotinib and 6.8 months with chemotherapy. The objective response rate was 87.5% (95% CI: 79.6-93.2%) with crizotinib versus 45.6% (95% CI: 35.8-55.7%) with chemotherapy (p < 0.001). The most common adverse events were increased transaminase levels, diarrhea, and vision disorders with crizotinib and leukopenia, neutropenia, and anemia with chemotherapy. Significantly greater improvements from baseline in patient-reported outcomes were seen in crizotinib-treated versus chemotherapy-treated patients. CONCLUSIONS: First-line crizotinib significantly improved PFS, objective response rate, and patient-reported outcomes compared with standard platinum-based chemotherapy in East Asian patients with ALK-positive advanced NSCLC, which is similar to the results from PROFILE 1014. The safety profiles of crizotinib and chemotherapy were consistent with those previously published.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Crizotinibe/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Crizotinibe/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Clin Oncol ; 35(31): 3529-3537, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28796588

RESUMO

Purpose Rituximab (R) plus CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) chemotherapy is the standard of care in previously untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Obinutuzumab (G) is a glycoengineered, type II, anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody. GOYA was a randomized phase III study that compared G-CHOP with R-CHOP in patients with previously untreated advanced-stage DLBCL. Methods Patients (N = 1,418) were randomly assigned to receive eight 21-day cycles of G (n = 706) or R (n = 712), plus six or eight cycles of CHOP. Primary end point was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS). Results After median observation of 29 months, the number of investigator-assessed PFS events was similar between G (201; 28.5%) and R (215; 30.2%), stratified hazard ratio was 0.92 (95% CI, 0.76 to 1.11; P = .39), and 3-year PFS rates were 70% and 67%, respectively. Secondary end points of independently reviewed PFS, other time-to-event end points, and tumor response rates were similar between arms. In exploratory subgroup analyses, patients with germinal-center B cell-like subtype had a better PFS than did patients with activated B cell-like subtype, irrespective of treatment. Frequencies of grade 3 to 5 adverse events (AEs; 73.7% v 64.7%, respectively) and serious AEs (42.6% v 37.6%, respectively) were higher with G-CHOP compared with R-CHOP. Fatal AE frequencies were 5.8% for G-CHOP and 4.3% for R-CHOP. The most common AEs were neutropenia (G-CHOP, 48.3%; R-CHOP, 40.7%), infusion-related reactions (G-CHOP, 36.1%; R-CHOP, 23.5%), nausea (G-CHOP, 29.4%; R-CHOP, 28.3%), and constipation (G-CHOP, 23.4%; R-CHOP, 24.5%). Conclusion G-CHOP did not improve PFS compared with R-CHOP in patients with previously untreated DLBCL. AEs reported with G were consistent with the known safety profile. Biomarker analyses may help define a future role for G in DLBCL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
8.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol ; 13(1): 5, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28134504
9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 129(23): 2780-2785, 2016 12 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27900988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The International Prognostic Score (IPS) was developed based on the data of Western advanced Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients treated before 1992. Only a few studies ever evaluated the application value of IPS in Chinese population or in patients treated in the contemporary era whose outcomes has improved significantly than before. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study involving 208 previously untreated Chinese advanced HL patients, who were admitted to Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 1, 1999 to April 30, 2015 and received uniform first-line treatment. The prognostic value of both IPS and the seven IPS factors for freedom-from progression (FFP) and overall survival (OS) was assessed in this population. The statistical methods included Kaplan-Meier methodology, log-rank testing, and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. RESULTS: With a median follow-up time of 79 months (range, 15-210 months), the 5-year FFP and OS were 78.8% and 86.0% respectively, which improved obviously compared with the original IPS study. The IPS remained prognostic for both FFP (P = 0.041) and OS (P = 0.013), but the range narrowed obviously, with 5-year FFP ranging from 87.2% to 61.5%, 5-year OS ranging from 94.1% to 69.2%, and the separation of survival curves was not as good as before. Only two of the seven IPS factors showed a significant independent prognostic value in the multivariate analysis: Stage IV (for FFP, hazard ratio [HR] = 2.219, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.148-3.948, P = 0.016; for OS, HR = 2.491, 95% CI: 1.159-5.355, P = 0.019) and hemoglobin <105 g/L (for FFP, HR = 2.136, 95% CI: 1.123-4.060, P = 0.021; for OS, HR = 2.345, 95% CI: 1.099-5.042, P = 0.028). A simple prognostic score calculated by adding one point each for any of the two factors was prognostic both for FFP (P < 0.001) and OS (P < 0.001) with the survival curves separating very well, but the range still narrowed. CONCLUSIONS: The IPS has decreased the prognostic value in Chinese advanced HL patients treated in the contemporary era. More prognostic factors are needed to supplement this original scoring system so as to identify different risk populations more accurately.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Classificação Internacional de Doenças , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Thorac Cancer ; 7(4): 437-41, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27385986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the antitumor activity and toxicity of icotinib as initial treatment in lung adenocarcinoma patients with brain metastases. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with histologically or pathologically documented brain metastatic lung cancer were administered icotinib as initial treatment from 2011 to 2015 at the Cancer Institute and Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Chemotherapy response was assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors and toxicity was evaluated according to National Cancer Institute-Common Toxicity Criteria. Icotinib was administered three times per day at a dose of 125mg. RESULTS: The median overall and progression-free survival rates were 15.2 (1.2-31.5 months, 95% confidence interval [CI] 6.6-23.7 months) and 8.9 months (0.6-30.5 months, 95% CI 3.4-14.3 months), respectively. The overall response and disease control rates were 61.9% and 90.5%, respectively. Icotinib was well tolerated, and no grade 3/4 adverse events were observed. The most common grade 1/2 adverse events included acneiform eruptions (38.1%), diarrhea (19.0%), and stomatitis (9.5%). CONCLUSION: Icotinib is effective and well tolerated as initial treatment in lung adenocarcinoma patients with brain metastases.

11.
Thorac Cancer ; 7(2): 222-5, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27042225

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of a combination of paclitaxel and cisplatin/carboplatin for the treatment of advanced thymic carcinoma. Thirty-seven patients (23 men and 14 women, median age 47 years, performance status score ≤2) with pathologically or cytologically diagnosed advanced thymic carcinoma were recruited. Patients received 175 mg/m(2) paclitaxel on day 1 and 75 mg/m(2) cisplatin or 300 mg/m(2) carboplatin on day 2 of a 21 day cycle for at least two cycles to evaluate efficacy and adverse events. No complete response (CR) was observed; 11 patients had a partial response (PR), 16 patients had no change (NC), and 10 had progressive disease, resulting in an overall response rate of 29.7%, a stable rate of 43.2%, and a disease control rate (CR + PR + NC) of 72.9%. Grade I/II and III/IV neutropenia were observed in 21 (56.7%) and 13 (35.1%) patients, respectively. Four (10.8%) patients developed grade I/II thrombocytopenia. Grade I/II and III/IV nausea and vomiting were observed in 19 (51.2%) and five (13.5%) patients, respectively. Grade I/II liver dysfunction was observed in seven (18.9%) patients. Two patients with grade III liver dysfunction recovered after hepatoprotective treatment. The combination of paclitaxel and platinum was effective and well tolerated in patients with advanced thymic carcinoma.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(6): e2787, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26871836

RESUMO

This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerance of GDP (gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin) regimen in patients with newly diagnosed stage IV and relapsed/refractory extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL).The study enrolled 41 ENKTL patients who received GDP regimen at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College between January 2008 and January 2015.The disease status was newly diagnosed stage IV in 15 patients and relapsed/refractory in 26 patients. The median number of cycles of chemotherapy per patient was 6 (range, 2-8 cycles). The overall response rate and complete-remission rate were 83.0% (34/41) and 41.5% (17/41), respectively. After a median follow-up of 16.2 months, 1-year progression-free survival rate and 1-year overall survival rate for the whole cohort were 54.5% and 72.7%. Grade 3 to 4 adverse events included neutropenia (34.1%), thrombocytopenia (19.5%), and anemia (14.6%).Our study has suggested high efficacy and low toxicity profile of GDP regimen in patients with newly diagnosed stage IV and relapsed/refractory ENKTL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Células T/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Células T/patologia , Células T Matadoras Naturais , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasais/patologia , Adulto , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Thorac Cancer ; 6(5): 636-42, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26445613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma in China before and after the approved use of gefitinib, and analyze clinical factors that may affect OS. METHODS: Clinical data of 558 patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma who received chemotherapy from January 2002 to December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the matched-pair case-control study design, 255 patients who only received chemotherapy and 255 patients who received gefitinib treatment after its approval were stringently matched by age, gender, and smoking history and enrolled in the study. Clinical factors including age, gender, smoking history, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS), tumor stage, organ metastasis, and the number of prior chemotherapies were analyzed to determine their correlations with OS. RESULTS: The median survival time (MST) of the 510 enrolled patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma was 22.8 months. The MST of the patients who received gefitinib treatment was significantly longer than that of patients who did not receive gefitinib treatment (33.5 vs. 14.1 months, P < 0.001). The OS in patients who received gefitinib treatment was significantly longer than in patients who did not receive gefitinib treatment in almost all clinical factor-based subgroups, including age, gender, smoking history, ECOG PS 0-1, tumor stage, the presence or absence of lung, pleural, bone, brain, adrenal gland and liver metastasis, and the number of prior chemotherapies (all P < 0.001), except in the ECOG PS ≥2 subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: Gefitinib treatment significantly improved the survival of patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma in China.

14.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 128(18): 2498-504, 2015 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26365969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a promising approach for lymphomas. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of ifosfamide, cisplatin or carboplatin, and etoposide (ICE)-based regimen as a mobilization regimen on relapsed, refractory, or high-risk aggressive lymphoma. METHODS: From June 2001 to May 2013, patients with lymphomas who mobilized by ICE-based regimen for ASCT were analyzed in this retrospective study. The results of the autologous peripheral blood stem cells collection, toxicity, engraftment after ICE-based mobilization regimen were analyzed in this study. Furthermore, risk factors for overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) were evaluated by univariate analysis. RESULTS: The stem cells were mobilized using ICE-based regimen plus rituximab or ICE-based regimen alone in 12 patients and 54 patients, respectively. The results of stem cell mobilization were excellent. Ninety-seven percentages of the patients had the stem cell collection of at least 2.0 × 10 6 CD34 + cells/kg and 68% had at least 5 × 10 6 CD34 + cells/kg. Fifty-eight percentage of the patients experienced Grade 4 neutropenia, 20% developed febrile neutropenia, and only 12% had Grade 4 thrombocytopenia. At a median follow-up of 63.8 months, the 5-year PFS and OS were 64.4% and 75.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION: ICE is a powerful regimen for stem cell mobilization in patients with lymphomas.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Ifosfamida/uso terapêutico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cancer ; 121 Suppl 17: 3165-81, 2015 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26331823
16.
J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci ; 34(2): 260-264, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24710942

RESUMO

This retrospective analysis compared standard regimen of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) with the dose-dense ABVD regimen (ABVD-21) in terms of efficacy and toxicity. Patients who had early-stage unfavorable or advanced Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) according to German Hodgkin Study Group criteria from March 1999 to February 2011 were analyzed for treatment response, long-term survival and hematological toxicity. There were 85 patients in the ABVD-21 group and 118 patients in the ABVD group respectively. The complete remission rates after completion of treatment were 92.9% and 90.7% for ABVD-21 and ABVD, respectively. During a median follow-up period of 62 months, no significant difference was found in projected 10-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates (84.7% and 94.1% respectively for ABVD-21; 81.4% and 91.5% for ABVD). Subgroup analyses showed that ABVD-21 was significantly better than ABVD for patients with IPS≥3 in terms of PFS and OS rates. Grade 3 to 4 leukopenia (51.8% vs. 28.8%, P=0.001) and neutropenia (57.6% vs. 39.0%, P=0.009) were more common with ABVD-21. We were led to conclude that dose-dense ABVD did not result in better tumor control and overall survival than did ABVD for early-stage unfavorable HL. However, patients at high risk, for example, with IPS≥3, may benefit from dose-dense ABVD.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Dacarbazina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prednisona , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
17.
Thorac Cancer ; 5(3): 255-60, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26767009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like-4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) fusion gene defines a novel molecular subset of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the clinicopathological features of patients with the EML4-ALK fusion gene have not been defined completely. METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 200 Chinese patients with advanced NSCLC were analyzed retrospectively to explore their possible correlations with EML4-ALK fusions. RESULTS: The EML4-ALK fusion gene was detected in 56 (28.0%) of the 200 NSCLC patients, and undetected in 22 (11.0%) patients because of an insufficient amount of pathological tissue. The median age of the patients with positive and negative EML4-ALK was 48 and 55 years, respectively. Patients with the EML4-ALK fusion gene were significantly younger (P< 0.001). The detection rate of the EML4-ALK fusion gene in patients who received primary tumor or metastatic lymph node resection was significantly higher than in patients who received fine-needle biopsy (P= 0.003). The detection rate of the EML4-ALK fusion gene in patients with a time lag from obtainment of the pathological tissue to EML4-ALK fusion gene detection ≤48 months was significantly higher than in patients >48 months (P= 0.020). The occurrence of the EML4-ALK fusion gene in patients with wild-type epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was significantly higher than in patients with mutant-type EGFR (42.5% [37/87] vs. 6.3% [1/16], P= 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Younger age and wild-type EGFR were identified as clinicopathological characteristics of patients with advanced NSCLC who harbored the EML4-ALK fusion gene. The optimal time lag from the obtainment of the pathological tissue to the time of EML4-ALK fusion gene detection is ≤48 months.

18.
Int J Hematol ; 99(1): 69-78, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24258711

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) carries a poor prognosis with conventional treatment. We retrospectively analyzed data from 45 patients with PTCL who received high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT/ASCT) from 1990 to 2008 in our center. Eighteen patients underwent HDT/ASCT in complete remission to induction chemotherapy (CR1), and 27 patients underwent HDT/ASCT in other disease statuses. The median follow-up was 113.5 months (range 52.6-261.0) for surviving patients. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 64 and 60 %, respectively. The 5-year OS for patients in CR1 and in other disease statuses was 89 and 47 %, respectively (P = 0.002), and 5-year PFS was 83 and 43 % (P = 0.007). In the subgroup excluding anaplastic large cell lymphoma, patients transplanted in CR1 also had significantly better 5-year OS (82 vs. 37 %, P = 0.009) and PFS (82 vs. 33 %, P = 0.008) than those transplanted in other disease statuses. Multivariate analysis showed that CR1 status was the only significant prognostic factor for OS (P = 0.040) and PFS (P = 0.040). These results support the use of HDT/ASCT consolidation in CR1 for PTCL patients. Prospective randomized trials are necessary to confirm the efficacy of this approach.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/mortalidade , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
20.
Virchows Arch ; 463(4): 583-91, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23955278

RESUMO

Accurate determination of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements is critical in identifying ALK-positive patients for targeted therapy in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is the current standard method to detect ALK rearrangements but is technically challenging and costly. We compared optimised immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization techniques in this study of 139 samples of advanced NSCLC with non-squamous histology. ALK alteration was found in 32.6 % (43/132) of patients by FISH, 32.9 % (45/137) of patients by IHC and 27.9 % (34/122) of samples by qRT-PCR (concordance rate of 96.9 % between FISH and IHC, 95.7 % between FISH and qRT-PCR, P < 0.001). IHC sensitivity and specificity were 97.7 % and 96.6 %, respectively, while the sensitivity and specificity of qRT-PCR were 89.2 % and 98.7 %, respectively. ALK rearrangements were more common in young patients (P = 0.007), non-smokers or light smokers (P = 0.008) and adenocarcinoma histology, especially with signet ring cell features (P < 0.001). Optimised IHC could be a useful method in screening ALK rearrangements in clinical practice with qRT-PCR as an alternative diagnostic tool to clarify specific ALK variants.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Rearranjo Gênico , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/genética , Idoso , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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