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1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 5623462, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419457

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this paper was to investigate whether two freeze-thaw cycles before embryo transfer may affect perinatal and neonatal outcomes. Materials and Methods: A total of 8,028 frozen-thawed embryo transfer patients who became pregnant between March 2013 and September 2019 were included. The patients were divided into two groups: the oocyte cryopreservation (OC) group (N = 96) and the control group (N = 7932). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to adjust the baseline characteristics of the two groups at a proportion of 1 : 4. There were 96 patients in the OC group and 369 patients in the control group after PSM. The pregnancy-related complications and neonatal conditions after delivery of the two groups were compared. Results: The OC group had a higher stillbirth rate (3.1% vs. 0.3%, P = 0.029) than the control group after PSM. Moreover, a slightly higher pregnancy defect rate was found in the OC group. There was no significant difference in the rates of diabetes mellitus, hypertension during pregnancy, cesarean section, multiple births, low birth weight (LBW), or premature birth defects between the two groups. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate that performing frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) with cryopreserved oocytes was associated with a higher rate of stillbirth than FET with fresh oocytes. The incidences of diabetes, gestational hypertension, cesarean section, multiple births, LBW, premature birth, and birth defects of the two groups were not significantly different.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro , Cesárea , Criopreservação , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Congelamento , Humanos , Nascido Vivo , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Natimorto/epidemiologia
3.
Curr Eye Res ; : 1-6, 2022 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35317686

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cataract is a leading visual disease characterized by enhanced oxidative stress and increased apoptosis of human lens epithelial cells (HLECs). TRIM3 is a tumor suppressor in many cancers. However, its role in cataract remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of TRIM3 in H2O2-injured HLECs and the underlying mechanisms involved. METHODS: HLECs were treated with different H2O2 concentrations to induce apoptosis. A lentivirus was designed to overexpress TRIM3 and p53, and TRIM3 knockdown was prepared. A P53 inhibitor, PFTα, was used to knockdown p53. Cell viability and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8 and flow cytometric analyses, respectively. TRIM3, p53, Bcl2, and Bax expression levels were determined by qRT-qPCR and western blotting. RESULTS: It was found that H2O2-treated HLECs had markedly decreased cell viability and TRIM3 expression. TRIM3 overexpression attenuated the H2O2-induced HLEC apoptosis, while TRIM3 knockdown promoted it. P53, a downstream target of TRIM3, was found to be negatively regulated by TRIM3 via ubiquitination in HLECs. Furthermore, p53 overexpression abolished the effect of TRIM3 overexpression on H2O2-induced HLEC apoptosis, while PFTα alleviated the TRIM3 knockdown-mediated HLEC apoptosis. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that TRIM3 inhibited the H2O2-induced apoptosis of HLECs by decreasing p53 via ubiquitination.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(2): 106, 2022 02 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35115505

RESUMO

Gasdermin D (GSDMD) participates in the activation of inflammasomes and pyroptosis. Meanwhile, ubiquitination strictly regulates inflammatory responses. However, how ubiquitination regulates Gasdermin D activity is not well understood. In this study, we show that pyroptosis triggered by Gasdermin D is regulated through ubiquitination. Specifically, SYVN1, an E3 ubiquitin ligase of gasdermin D, promotes GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis. SYVN1 deficiency inhibits pyroptosis and subsequent LDH release and PI uptake. SYVN1 directly interacts with GSDMD, and mediates K27-linked polyubiquitination of GSDMD on K203 and K204 residues, promoting GSDMD-induced pyroptotic cell death. Thus, our findings revealed the essential role of SYVN1 in GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis. Overall, GSDMD ubiquitination is a potential therapeutic module for inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Piroptose , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/metabolismo , Piroptose/fisiologia , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
5.
Nanoscale ; 14(8): 3250-3260, 2022 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35157751

RESUMO

Various vaccine strategies have been developed to provide broad protection against diverse influenza viruses. The hemagglutinin (HA) stem is the major potential target of these vaccines. Enhancing immunogenicity and eliciting cross-protective immune responses are critical for HA stem-based vaccine designs. In this study, the A helix (Ah) and CD helix (CDh) from the HA stem were fused with ferritin, individually, or in tandem, yielding Ah-f, CDh-f and (A + CD)h-f nanoparticles (NPs), respectively. These NPs were produced through a prokaryotic expression system. After three immunizations with AS03-adjuvanted NPs in BALB/c mice via the subcutaneous route, CDh-f and (A + CD)h-f induced robust humoral and cellular immune responses. Furthermore, CDh-f and (A + CD)h-f conferred complete protection against a lethal challenge of H3N2 virus, while no remarkable immune responses and protective effects were detected in the Ah-f group. These results indicate that the CDh-based nanovaccine represents a promising vaccine platform against influenza, and the epitope-conjugated ferritin NPs may be a potential vaccine platform against other infectious viruses, such as SARS-COV-2.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas contra Influenza , Nanopartículas , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Epitopos , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza , Hemaglutininas , Humanos , Imunidade , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(3): 659-667, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35178948

RESUMO

Artemisia Argyi Folium, a traditional Chinese medicine of important medicinal and economic value, sees increasing demand in medicinal and moxibustion product market. Screening stable and reliable reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR(qRT-PCR) is a prerequisite for the analysis of gene expression in Artemisia argyi. In this study, eight commonly used reference genes, Actin, 18s, EF-1α, GAPDH, SAND, PAL, TUA, and TUB, from the transcriptome of A. argyi, were selected as candidate genes. The expression of each gene in different tissues(roots, stems, and leaves) of A. argyi and in leaves of A. argyi after treatment with methyl jasmonate(MeJA) for different time(0, 4, 8, 12 h) was detected by qRT-PCR. Then, geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, ΔCT, and RefFinder were employed to evaluate their expression stability. The results demonstrated that Actin was the most stable reference gene in different tissues and in leaves treated with MeJA, and coming in the second was SAND. Furthermore, the expression of DXS and MCT which are involved in terpenoid backbone biosynthesis was detected in different tissues and after MeJA treatment. The results showed that the expression patterns of DXS and MCT in different tissues and under MeJA treatment calculated with Actin and SAND as internal reference genes were consistent, which validated the screening results. In conclusion, Actin is the most suitable reference gene for the analysis of gene expression in different tissues of A. argyi and after MeJA treatment. This study provides valuable information for gene expression analysis in A. argyi and lays a foundation for further research on molecular mechanism of quality formation of Artemisia Argyi Folium.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Artemisia/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes de Plantas/genética , Folhas de Planta/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Padrões de Referência , Transcriptoma
7.
mBio ; : e0273921, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012343

RESUMO

Coronaviruses (CoVs) are a family of RNA viruses that typically cause respiratory, enteric, and hepatic diseases in animals and humans. Here, we use porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) as a model of CoVs to illustrate the reciprocal regulation between CoV infection and pyroptosis. For the first time, we elucidate the molecular mechanism of porcine gasdermin D (pGSDMD)-mediated pyroptosis and demonstrate that amino acids R238, T239, and F240 within pGSDMD-p30 are critical for pyroptosis. Furthermore, 3C-like protease Nsp5 from SARS-CoV-2, MERS-CoV, PDCoV, and PEDV can cleave pGSDMD at the Q193-G194 junction to produce two fragments unable to trigger pyroptosis. The two cleaved fragments could not inhibit PEDV replication. In addition, Nsp5 from SARS-CoV-2 and MERS-CoV also cleave human GSDMD (hGSDMD). Therefore, we provide clear evidence that PEDV may utilize the Nsp5-GSDMD pathway to inhibit pyroptosis and, thus, facilitate viral replication during the initial period, suggesting an important strategy for the coronaviruses to sustain their infection. IMPORTANCE Recently, GSDMD has been reported as a key executioner for pyroptosis. This study first demonstrates the molecular mechanism of pGSDMD-mediated pyroptosis and that the pGSDMD-mediated pyroptosis protects host cells against PEDV infection. Notably, PEDV employs its Nsp5 to directly cleave pGSDMD in favor of its replication. We found that Nsp5 proteins from other coronaviruses, such as porcine deltacoronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, also had the protease activity to cleave human and porcine GSDMD. Thus, we provide clear evidence that the coronaviruses might utilize Nsp5 to inhibit the host pyroptotic cell death and facilitate their replication during the initial period, an important strategy for their sustaining infection. We suppose that GSDMD is an appealing target for the design of anticoronavirus therapies.

8.
Obstet Gynecol ; 139(2): 192-201, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the Zishen Yutai Pill compared with placebo on live birth rates among women after fresh embryo transfer cycles. METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized trial to investigate whether administration of the Zishen Yutai Pill would improve pregnancy outcomes among women undergoing fresh embryo transfer after in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection. The primary outcome was live birth rate. Secondary outcomes were rates of implantation, biochemical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy, pregnancy loss, cycle cancellation, and maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications. A total sample size of 2,265 women (1:1 in two groups) was used to detect a live birth rate difference between the Zishen Yutai Pill and placebo. Participants were enrolled and randomized to receive 5 g of the Zishen Yutai Pill or placebo orally, three times per day during the study. RESULTS: Recruitment was completed between April 2014 and June 2017, with 2,580 patients screened. Two thousand two hundred sixty-five patients were randomized: 1,131 to the Zishen Yutai Pill and 1,134 to placebo. Characteristics were similar between groups. In intention-to-treat analysis, the rates of live birth in the Zishen Yutai Pill (ZYP) group and placebo group were 26.8% and 23.0% (rate ratio [RR], 1.16; 95% CI 1.01-1.34; P=.038), respectively. The implantation rates were 36.8% and 32.6% in the ZYP and placebo groups, respectively (RR 1.13; 95% CI 1.01-1.25; P=.027). The biochemical pregnancy rate for the ZYP group was 35.5% compared with 31.1% in the placebo group (RR 1.14; 95% CI 1.02-1.28; P=.026). The rates of clinical pregnancy in the ZYP and placebo groups were 31.2% compared with 27.3%, respectively (RR 1.14; 95% CI 1.00-1.30; P=.043). There were no significant between-group differences in the rates of pregnancy loss, maternal, or neonatal complications (all P>.05). CONCLUSION: The Zishen Yutai Pill increased the rate of live birth after fresh embryo transfer compared with placebo. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chictr.org.cn, Chictr-TRC-14004494.


Assuntos
Coeficiente de Natalidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Transferência Embrionária/estatística & dados numéricos , Fertilização In Vitro/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
9.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35040188

RESUMO

Influenza viruses continue to threaten public health, and currently available vaccines provide insufficient immunity against seasonal and pandemic influenza. The use of recombinant trimeric hemagglutinin (HA) as an Ag provides an attractive alternative to current influenza vaccines. Aiming to develop an effective vaccine with rapid production, robust immunogenicity, and high protective efficiency, a DNA vaccine was designed by fusing influenza virus HA with self-assembled ferritin nanoparticles, denoted as HA-F. This candidate vaccine was prepared and purified in a 293-6E cell eukaryotic expression system. After BALB/c mice were immunized with 100 µg of HA-F DNA 3 times, HA-F elicited significant HA-specific humoral immunity and T cell immune responses. The HA-F DNA vaccine also conferred protection in mice against a lethal infection of homologous A/17/California/2009/38 (H1N1) virus. These results suggest that the HA-F DNA vaccine is a competitive vaccine candidate and presents a promising vaccination approach against influenza viruses.

10.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 32, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Canine distemper virus (CDV), which is highly infectious, has caused outbreaks of varying scales in domestic and wild animals worldwide, so the development of a high-efficiency vaccine has broad application prospects. Currently, the commercial vaccine of CDV is an attenuated vaccine, which has the disadvantages of a complex preparation process, high cost and safety risk. It is necessary to develop a safe and effective CDV vaccine that is easy to produce on a large scale. In this study, sequences of CDV haemagglutinin (HA) from the Yanaka strain were aligned, and three potential linear sequences, termed YaH3, YaH4, and YaH5, were collected. To increase the immunogenicity of the epitopes, ferritin was employed as a self-assembling nanoparticle element. The ferritin-coupled forms were termed YaH3F, YaH4F, and YaH5F, respectively. A full-length HA sequence coupled with ferritin was also constructed as a DNA vaccine to compare the immunogenicity of nanoparticles in prokaryotic expression. RESULT: The self-assembly morphology of the proteins from prokaryotic expression was verified by transmission electron microscopy. All the proteins self-assembled into nanoparticles. The expression of the DNA vaccine YaHF in HEK-293T cells was also confirmed in vitro. After subcutaneous injection of epitope nanoparticles or intramuscular injection of DNA YaHF, all vaccines induced strong serum titres, and long-term potency of antibodies in serum could be detected after 84 days. Strong anti-CDV neutralizing activities were observed in both the YaH4F group and YaHF group. According to antibody typing and cytokine detection, YaH4F can induce both Th1 and Th2 immune responses. The results of flow cytometry detection indicated that compared with the control group, all the immunogens elicited an increase in CD3. Simultaneously, the serum antibodies induced by YaH4F and YaHF could significantly enhance the ADCC effect compared with the control group, indicating that the antibodies in the serum effectively recognized the antigens on the cell surface and induced NK cells to kill infected cells directly. CONCLUSIONS: YaH4F self-assembling nanoparticle obtained by prokaryotic expression has no less of an immune effect than YaHF, and H4 has great potential to become a key target for the easy and rapid preparation of epitope vaccines.


Assuntos
Vírus da Cinomose Canina , Ferritinas/química , Hemaglutininas Virais , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Vacinas de DNA , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/química , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Chlorocebus aethiops , Citocinas/metabolismo , Cinomose/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Cinomose Canina/química , Vírus da Cinomose Canina/imunologia , Cães , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Hemaglutininas Virais/química , Hemaglutininas Virais/imunologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Vacinas de DNA/química , Vacinas de DNA/imunologia , Células Vero
11.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 367, 2022 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013368

RESUMO

The posterior pallial amygdala (PoA) is located on the basolateral caudal telencephalon, including the basal division of PoA (PoAb) and the compact division of PoA (PoAc). PoA plays a vital role in emotion regulation and is considered a part of the amygdala in birds. However, the regulatory functions responsible for motor behaviors and emotions between PoAb and PoAc are poorly understood. Therefore, we studied the structure and function of PoA by tract-tracing methods, constant current electrical stimulation, and different dopamine receptor drug injections in pigeons (Columba livia domestica). PoAb connects reciprocally with two nuclear groups in the cerebrum: 1) a continuum comprising the temporo-parieto-occipitalis, corticoidea dorsolateralis, hippocampus, and parahippocampalis areas and 2) rostral areas of the hemisphere, including the nucleus septalis lateralis and nucleus taeniae amygdalae. Extratelencephalic projections of PoAb terminate in the lateral hypothalamic nucleus and are scattered in many limbic midbrain regions. PoAb and PoAc mainly mediated the turning movement. In the 'open-field' test, D1 agonist and D2 antagonist could significantly reduce the latency period for entering into the central area and increase the residence time in the central area, whereas D1 antagonist and D2 agonist had the opposite effect. PoAb and PoAc are important brain areas that mediate turning behavior.


Assuntos
Tonsila do Cerebelo/fisiologia , Comportamento Animal , Columbidae/fisiologia , Atividade Motora , Tonsila do Cerebelo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tonsila do Cerebelo/metabolismo , Animais , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Columbidae/metabolismo , Dopamina/metabolismo , Agonistas de Dopamina/farmacologia , Antagonistas de Dopamina/farmacologia , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/fisiologia , Estimulação Elétrica , Feminino , Masculino , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Rastreamento Neuroanatômico , Teste de Campo Aberto , Receptores de Dopamina D1/metabolismo , Receptores de Dopamina D2/metabolismo
12.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(1): 74-75, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34993315

RESUMO

Leucomeris decora is a traditional medicinal plant that is listed as an endangered species in China. Recently, L. decora has become locally rare. Here the complete chloroplast genome of L. decora was assembled and reported for the first time. Its plastome was 151,491 bp in length, including a large single-copy region (LSC; 83,155 bp), a small single-copy region (SSC; 18,216 bp), and a pair of inverted repeated regions (IRa and IRb; 25,060 bp). The overall GC content was 37.8%, and the genome contains 134 genes, including 92 protein-coding genes, 8 rRNA genes, and 34 tRNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis of thirteen representative species from the family of Asteraceae showed that L. decora is clustered into one clade with Gerbera jamesonii with high bootstrap values, indicating a close relationship between these two species.

13.
Immunol Invest ; 51(2): 411-424, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Influenza A viruses (IAVs) induce acute respiratory disease and cause severe epidemics and pandemics. Since IAVs exhibit antigenic variation and genome reassortment, the development of broad-spectrum influenza vaccines is crucial. The stem of the hemagglutinin (HA) is highly conserved across IAV strains and thus has been explored in broad-spectrum influenza vaccine studies. The present study aimed to identify viral epitopes capable of eliciting effective host immune responses, which can be explored for the development of broad-spectrum non-strain specific prophylactic options against IAV. METHODS: In this study, a series of conserved linear sequences from the HA stem of IAV (H1N1) was recognized by sequence alignment and B/T-cell epitope prediction after being chemically coupled to the Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (KLH) protein. The predicted linear epitopes were identified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) after animal immunization and then fused with ferritin carriers. RESULTS: Three predicted linear epitopes with relatively strong immunogenicity, P3, P6 and P8 were fused with ferritin carriers P3F, P6F and P8F, respectively to further improve their immunogenicity. Antibody titre of the sera of mice immunized with the recombinant immunogens revealed the elicitation of specific antibody-binding activities by the identified sequences. While hemagglutinin-inhibition activities were not detected in the antisera, neutralizing antibodies against the H1 and H3 virus subtypes were detected by the microneutralization assay. CONCLUSION: The linear epitopes fused with ferritin identified in this study can lay the foundation for future advancements in development of broad-spectrum subunit vaccine against IAV (H1N1), and give rise to the potential future applicability of ferritin-based antigen delivery nanoplatforms.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Vírus da Influenza A , Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Humana , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/genética , Hemaglutininas/genética , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/genética , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Camundongos , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/prevenção & controle , Peptídeos/genética
14.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 50(D1): D1491-D1499, 2022 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34718741

RESUMO

As a crucial molecular mechanism, post-translational modifications (PTMs) play critical roles in a wide range of biological processes in plants. Recent advances in mass spectrometry-based proteomic technologies have greatly accelerated the profiling and quantification of plant PTM events. Although several databases have been constructed to store plant PTM data, a resource including more plant species and more PTM types with quantitative dynamics still remains to be developed. In this paper, we present an integrative database of quantitative PTMs in plants named qPTMplants (http://qptmplants.omicsbio.info), which hosts 1 242 365 experimentally identified PTM events for 429 821 nonredundant sites on 123 551 proteins under 583 conditions for 23 PTM types in 43 plant species from 293 published studies, with 620 509 quantification events for 136 700 PTM sites on 55 361 proteins under 354 conditions. Moreover, the experimental details, such as conditions, samples, instruments and methods, were manually curated, while a variety of annotations, including the sequence and structural characteristics, were integrated into qPTMplants. Then, various search and browse functions were implemented to access the qPTMplants data in a user-friendly manner. Overall, we anticipate that the qPTMplants database will be a valuable resource for further research on PTMs in plants.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Plantas/genética , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/genética , Proteínas/genética , Plantas/classificação , Proteínas/classificação , Proteômica/normas
15.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 38(1): 33-38, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263713

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the cutoff values of HOMA-IR for predicting clinical pregnancy rate in normal weight patients during their first IVF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data was retrospectively analyzed from 329 normal-weight women aged 21-40 years with BMI <25 kg/m2 who received first IVF-ET during the period from December 2018 to June 2019.We assessed the associations between HOMA-IR and clinical pregnancy rates during IVF in the women with or without PCOS according to different BMI ranges. RESULTS: In non PCOS,clinical pregnancy rate was significantly decreased at the HOMA-IR values ranging from 2.2 to 3.15 (OR, 0.188, 95% CI, 0.084-0.42; p < .05) and at those >3.15 (OR, 0.018, 95% CI, 0.004-0.081; p < .05).In PCOS, clinical pregnancy rate significantly decreased at the HOMA-IR >3.15 (OR, 0.15, 95% CI, 0.044-0.507; p < .05). In non PCOS with BMI <21.45 kg/m2, clinical pregnancy rate was decreased with HOMA-IR >2.2, and a significant cutoff point at HOMA-IR >3.15; with 21.45 ≤ BMI <25 kg/m2, clinical pregnancy rate was declined significantly at the HOMA-IR >1.56 (OR, 0.196, 95% CI, 0.055-0.704).In PCOS with BMI <21.45 kg/m2, clinical pregnancy rate was decreased as the HOMA-IR increased, but there was no significant cutoff point; with 21.45 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m2, clinical pregnancy rate was declined significantly at the HOMA-IR > 3.15 (OR, 0.186; 95% CI, 0.04-0.872). CONCLUSION: HOMA-IR and BMI had adverse effects on the IVF outcome of infertility women. Moreover, obesity can increase the degree of insulin resistance in infertility women. These findings suggested that only better HOMA-IR and BMI will lead to better IVF results.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Taxa de Gravidez , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt C): 112293, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728239

RESUMO

The use of bisphenol A (BPA) has been substantially limited since 2010 due to its toxicity to human health. A group of bisphenol analogues that are structurally similar to BPA have been developed as the alternatives and used widely. The reproductive toxicity of these emerging chemicals has caused substantial concerns in recent years. Whether bisphenol analogues affect miscarriage, especially unexplained recurrent miscarriage (URM), remains to be explored. We conducted a hospital-based, case-control study with 1180 URM cases and 571 controls in China from 2014 to 2016. Concentrations of six bisphenol analogues (BPA, BPAF, BPAP, BPB, BPP and BPS) were measured in the urine samples collected at median intervals of 7.6 months after last miscarriage (interquartile ranges: 4.8, 14.7 months). Multiple logistic regression, Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) and quantile g-computation (q-gcomp) were used to assess the relationship of bisphenol analogues with URM risk. We observed significantly higher levels of all urinary bisphenols in the cases than the controls. After controlling for potential confounders, bisphenol analogues were significantly associated with increased odds of URM in varying degrees. A dose-response pattern was observed for the associations of BPAF, BPAP and BPB quartiles with URM. The mixed exposure of six bisphenol analogues was positively associated with the risk of URM (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.25; 1.11-1.42), which was mainly driven by BPAP (60.1%), BPAF (25.1%) and BPA (14.8%). After age stratification, the risks tended to be higher in women aged 30 years or older, compared to women <30 years. Our large case-control study indicates that environmental exposure to bisphenol analogues is associated with an increased risk of URM. Older women may be more vulnerable to the insult.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Aborto Habitual/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Idoso , Teorema de Bayes , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Exposição Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Fenóis , Gravidez
17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114670, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653522

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fritillariae thunbergii Miq (FTM)exhibit versatile biological activities including the significant antitussive and expectorant activities. As a herbal medicine, the therapeutic effects of FTM may be expressed by multi-components which have complicated integration effects on multi-targets. With the time going, the different processing methods of FTM has been changed a lot. Thus,the study described the effect of processing methods to FTM and its quality. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Studies were undertaken by using UHPLC-LTQ Orbitrap MS and pharmacodynamic models. All reagents were involved of analytical grade. While a HPLC-ELSD's method has been developed and validated, a certified Quality System is conformed to ICH requirements. The experimental animals followed the animal welfare guidelines. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to found the differences after the different processing methods of FTM, and to demonstrate the changes could be selected as quality control indicators, and established a method for simultaneous determination of these for quality control. RESULTS: we have previously found two new steroidal alkaloids: zhebeininoside and imperialine-3-ß-D-glucoside from the different processing methods of FTM, which is the difference between the different processing methods of FTM, mainly on the steroidal alkaloids. The activity analysis of zhebeininoside, imperialine-3-ß-D-glucoside, verticine and verticinone showed that the mouse model of cough expectorant has antitussive effect. The positive drug selected was dextromethorphan syrup. The positive group showed biological activity, but the blank group showed nothing. The model group showed illness which means that the model was effective. There are two ways of the mechanism of action of the expectorant action which can make sputum thin, reduce its viscosity, and be easy to cough up, or can accelerate the movement of mucous cilia in the respiratory tract and promote the discharge of sputum. In our study, the content of phenol red was significantly reduced in the administration group. CONCLUSIONS: To sum up, our results suggest that zhebeininoside and other three components cloud be selected as quality control indicators, and a method for simultaneous determination of zhebeininoside and other three components was established for quality control.


Assuntos
Antitussígenos/uso terapêutico , Cevanas/química , Tosse/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fritillaria/química , Amônia/toxicidade , Animais , Antitussígenos/química , Antitussígenos/normas , Tosse/induzido quimicamente , Dextrometorfano/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Camundongos , Fitoterapia , Caules de Planta/química , Controle de Qualidade , Distribuição Aleatória
18.
BJOG ; 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) pre-treatment before in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) on the live birth rate in infertile women with poor ovarian response (POR) defined according to the Bologna criteria. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Nine reproductive medical centers in China. POPULATION: A total of 821 participants with POR defined according to the Bologna criteria were enrolled in the study between April 2016 and December 2018. METHODS: Eligible participants were randomly assigned to receive either DHEA (n = 410) or placebo (n = 411) treatments for 4-12 weeks prior to IVF-ET, in a 1:1 ratio. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Live birth rate after the first embryo transfer. RESULTS: Thirty-six (8.8%) of 410 women in the DHEA group and 37 (9.0%) of 411 women in the placebo group had a live birth, with no significant difference observed between groups (relative risk, 0.98, 95% CI, 0.63-1.51; p = 0.911). There were no significant differences in the number of retrieved oocytes, and the rates of clinical pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and cumulative live births between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: DHEA administration prior to IVF-ET had no beneficial effect on the live birth rate relative to placebo in women with POR defined according to the Bologna criteria. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: No benefit was found in poor ovarian responders who received DHEA administration prior to IVF.

19.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 741803, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881258

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age, which is characterized by ovulatory dysfunction, clinical and/or biochemical androgen excess, polycystic ovaries on ultrasound and genetic heterogeneity. It was well-accepted that many lncRNAs and mRNAs were associated with PCOS, however, remain unclear. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to examine different expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) in PCOS and Controls, and identify the correlation between lncRNAs, mRNAs and clinical parameters. Sixty five PCOS patients and 65 Controls were enrolled in this study and adopted standard long agonist protocols or GnRH antagonist protocols. Then 6 GCs samples in each group were subjected to high-thoughput sequencing and the remaining samples were used for the further verification by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Gene Oncology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis were performed. We predicted the relationship between lncRNAs and mRNAs by Cytoscape software. According to the expression level of lncRNAs, mRNAs and the clinical parameters, we also explored their relationship and evaluate their predictive values for embryos quality and PCOS. We identified 1,049 differential expressed lncRNAs and 3,246 mRNAs (fold-change ≥2, p-value < 0.05). Seven lncRNAs (NONHSAT101926.2, NONHSAT136825.2, NONHSAT227177.1, NONHSAT010538.2, NONHSAT191377.1, NONHSAT230904.1, ENST00000607307) and 3 mRNAs (EREG, ENTPD6, YAP1) were validated consistent with sequence profile. Seven lncRNAs were related to hormone level and follicle counts, 3 mRNAs had connections with lipid metabolism. The area under curve (AUC) of 7 lncRNAs were valuable in distinguishing patients with PCOS from Controls. The AUC of NONHSAT230904.1 and NONHSAT227177.1 were 0.6807 and 0.6410, respectively, for distinguishing whether the rate of high-quality embryos exceeds 50%. Our study showed that the GCs lncRNAs and mRNAs were involved in the occurrence and development of PCOS, which contribute to clarify the pathogenesis mechanism of PCOS.

20.
Genet Mol Biol ; 45(1): e20210092, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34919116

RESUMO

Swertia L. is a large genus in Swertiinae (Gentianaceae). In China, many Swertia species are used as traditional Tibetan medicines, known as "Zangyinchen" or "Dida". However, the phylogenetic relationships among Swertia medicinal plants and their wild relatives have remained unclear. In this study, we sequenced and assembled 16 complete chloroplast (cp) genomes of 10 Swertia species, mainly distributed in Qinghai Province, China. The results showed that these species have typical structures and characteristics of plant cp genomes. The sizes of Swertia cp genomes are ranging from 149,488 bp to 154,097 bp. Most Swertia cp genomes presented 134 genes, including 85 protein coding genes, eight rRNA genes, 37 tRNA genes, and four pseudogenes. Furthermore, the GC contents and boundaries of cp genomes are similar among Swertia species. The phylogenetic analyses indicated that Swertia is a complex polyphyletic group. In addition, positive selection was found in psaI and petL genes, indicating the possible adaptation of Qinghai Swertia species to the light environment of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. These new cp genome data could be further investigated to develop DNA barcodes for Swertia medicinal plants and for additional systematic studies of Swertia and Swertiinae species.

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