Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 16 de 16
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
World J Cardiol ; 8(8): 464-71, 2016 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27621774

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and hospitalization events in a cohort of large voluntary arm forces in Taiwan. METHODS: The cardiorespiratory fitness and hospitalization events in armed forces (CHIEF) is a retrospective cohort consisting of more than 4000 professional military members aged 18-50 years in Eastern Taiwan. All participants received history taking, physical examination, chest radiography, 12-lead electrocardiography, blood tests for cell counts and fasting glucose, lipid profiles, uric acid, renal function and liver function in the Hualien Armed Forces General Hospital during 2014. In addition, participants were required to undergo two indoor resistant exercise tests including 2-min push-up and 2-min sit-up, both scored by infrared sensing, and one outdoor endurance 3000-m none weight-bearing running test, the main indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness in the Military Physical Training and Testing Center in Eastern Taiwan in 2014. RESULTS: Hospitalization events for cardiovascular disease, acute kidney injury, rhabdomyolysis, severe infectious disease, acute psychiatric illness, diabetes, orthopedic surgery and mortality will be identified in the National Insurance Research Database for 10 years. CONCLUSION: CHIEF will be among the largest Eastern Asian armed forces cohort, in which physical status was strictly evaluated to follow up the hospitalization events for severe illness.

2.
Indian J Med Res ; 140(1): 109-15, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25222785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor is a form of thnon steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and is commonly used in autoimmune and rheumatic diseases to control inflammation and alleviate pain. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) production and an imbalance of T helper 1 (Th1)/Th2 contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune and also anti-tumour activity. Dipyrone is a NSAID used to treat pain worldwide. The celecoxib analogue, 2,5-dimethylcelecoxib (DMC), lacks COX-2 inhibitory activity but exhibits anti-tumour properties. However, the effects and the mechanisms of dipyrone and 2,5-dimethylcelecoxib on tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α and Th1- and Th2-related chemokines in monocytes remain poorly defined. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of dipyrone and 2,5-dimethylcelecoxib on the expression of Th1 (IP-10) and Th2 (I-309 and MDC) and TNF-α in human monocytes and the associated intracellular mechanism. METHODS: THP-1 cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were pre-treated with dipyrone (10(-9)-10(-4) M) and 2,5-dimethylcelecoxib (10(-9)-10(-5) M) 2 h before lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. Cell supernatant was collected 24 h after LPS stimulation. TNF-α, I-309, MDC and IP-10 concentrations of cell supernatants were determined using ELISA. Intracellular signaling was evaluated by w0 estern blot. RESULTS: Dipyrone and 2,5-dimethylcelecoxib downregulated LPS-induced Th2-related chemokine I-309 and macrophage derived chemokine (MDC) production. Only high dose of 2,5-dimethylcelecoxib (10(-5) M), but not dipyrone downregulated LPS-induced IP-10. Only very high dose of 2,5-dimethylcelecoxib had effect on LPS-induced TNF-α expression in PBMCs. Dipyrone and 2,5-dimethylcelecoxib suppressed LPS-induced p65 and JNK MAPK (C-Jun N-terminal kinase mitogen activated protein kinase). expression. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSIONS: Dipyrone and 2,5-dimethylcelecoxib downregulated LPS-induced Th2-related chemokine I-309 and MDC in THP-1 cells. The suppressive effect on Th2-related chemokine I-309 and MDC may involve the downregulation of LPS-induced JNK and p65 expression.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Dipirona/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Proteínas ADAM/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Quimiocina CCL1/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL10/metabolismo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
3.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2014: 650393, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25121131

RESUMO

Diabetes is a serious global health problem. Large-scale genome-wide association studies identified loci for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), including adiponectin (ADIPOQ) gene and transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2), but few studies clarified the effect of genetic polymorphisms of ADIPOQ and TCF7L2 on risk of T2DM. We attempted to elucidate association between T2DM and polymorphic variations of both in Taiwan's Chinese Han population, with our retrospective case-control study genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ADIPOQ and TCF7L2 genes both in 149 T2DM patients and in 139 healthy controls from Taiwan. Statistical analysis gauged association of these polymorphisms with risk of T2DM to show ADIPOQ rs1501299 polymorphism variations strongly correlated with T2DM risk (P = 0.042), with rs2241766 polymorphism being not associated with T2DM (P = 0.967). However, both polymorphisms rs7903146 and rs12255372 of TCF7L2 were rarely detected in Taiwanese people. This study avers that ADIPOQ rs1501299 polymorphism contributes to risk of T2DM in the Taiwanese population.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan , Proteína 2 Semelhante ao Fator 7 de Transcrição/genética
4.
BMC Nephrol ; 15: 5, 2014 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24400942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a severe, life-threatening disease with symptoms such as haemolytic anaemia, renal failure, and a low platelet count. Possible aetiology includes bacterial infections, medication, post-hematopoietic cell transplantation, pregnancy, autoimmune disease, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 21-year-old healthy man who developed acute renal failure caused by HUS. Typical symptoms of HUS combined with severe uraemia developed following a large local reaction after suspected Solenopsis invicta (fire ant) bites. He was successfully treated with plasma exchange and achieved complete recovery of renal function. CONCLUSION: This is the first case illustrating a serious systemic reaction of HUS to fire ant bites, and highlights this severe complication in patients who sustain fire ant bites.


Assuntos
Formigas , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica/etiologia , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica/terapia , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/complicações , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/terapia , Troca Plasmática , Animais , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/diagnóstico , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Intern Med ; 52(20): 2351-3, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24126399

RESUMO

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by progressive lymphocyte infiltration of the exocrine glands. Overt or latent renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is a common extraglandular manifestation of pSS.Vitamin D deficiency is associated with autoimmune disorders; however, the potential correlation between pSS and vitamin D deficiency is rarely discussed. The current patient presented with distal RTA, hypocalcemia, and hypophosphatemia that were found to be secondary to both vitamin D deficiency and pSS. In patients diagnosed with both distal RTA and vitamin D deficiency, clinicians should consider autoimmune diseases such as pSS, as a possible underlying etiology.


Assuntos
Hipopotassemia/diagnóstico , Paralisia/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Deficiência de Vitamina D/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paralisia/etiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações
6.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 38(5): 403-8, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21871784

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to develop a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mt-PCR) assay for synchronous detection of carbapenem resistance genes and/or pandrug resistance genes in clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) and to investigate the association between the genetic make-up and a drug-resistant pattern. In total, 213 MDR-AB isolates were collected. All clinical isolates underwent antimicrobial susceptibility testing and were analysed for the presence of oxacillinase genes (bla(OXA-23), bla(OXA-24), bla(OXA-51)-like and bla(OXA-58)), class A and C ß-lactamase genes (bla(TEM-1) and bla(AmpC), respectively), and an integron-associated antibiotic resistance gene (int1) by an in-house-designed mt-PCR assay. Of the 213 isolates, 73.87% harboured both bla(TEM-1) and bla(AmpC) and 83.92% carried at least three oxacillinase genes. Moreover, 64.82% of the isolates were significant in that they had two ß-lactamase genes and three oxacillinase genes (P<0.001), indicating the complexity of the genetic make-up of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii. The bla(OXA-51)-like allele was detected in the majority of these A. baumannii isolates (97.49%), whereas bla(OXA-23) was rarely prevalent in these isolates. In multivariate logistic regression, the presence of bla(OXA-23) and bla(TEM-1) had a statistically significant association with imipenem resistance [bla(OXA-23), P=0.004, odds ratio (OR)=10.52, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.12-52.17; bla(TEM-1), P=0.005, OR=6.14, 95% CI 1.74-21.62]. These results suggest that detecting bla(OXA-23) and bla(TEM-1) genes could be used to predict imipenem resistance in MDR-AB isolates. A mt-PCR for detecting carbapenem resistance genes and pandrug resistance genes of A. baumannii isolates was developed to provide an assay to quickly screen for potential imipenem-resistant A. baumannii in the clinic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Acinetobacter/epidemiologia , Acinetobacter baumannii/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Imipenem/farmacologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Infecções por Acinetobacter/microbiologia , Acinetobacter baumannii/enzimologia , Acinetobacter baumannii/genética , Acinetobacter baumannii/isolamento & purificação , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Taiwan/epidemiologia , beta-Lactamases/genética
7.
J Gen Intern Med ; 26(2): 216-20, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20878495

RESUMO

The syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) associated with localized herpes zoster is rarely reported and may be under-appreciated. We describe two diabetic men with herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) who developed hyponatremia (114 and 116 mmol/L) during acute illness. Both were euvolemic and had elevated urine osmolality (435 and 368 mmol/kg.H(2)O) and sodium (Na(+)) concentration (61 and 63 mmol/L) along with normal cardiac, renal, liver, and endocrine function consistent with the diagnosis of SIADH. Thorough investigation for other causes of SIADH, including detailed physical examination, laboratory studies, and computed tomography of the brain, chest, and abdomen, were negative. Despite antiviral therapy (acyclovir) for herpes zoster, ophthalmoplegia, keratitis, and post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) developed. Even with fluid restriction and high salt diet, SIADH lasted for 3 to 4 months and resolved concomitantly with resolution of PHN, suggesting an association between SIADH and HZO. These two cases raise the potential for herpes zoster infection, especially HZO, to involve the regulatory pathway of ADH secretion, contributing to SIADH. The presence of PHN, which reflects greater neural damage may, at least in part, explain the prolonged ADH secretion and hyponatremia.


Assuntos
Herpes Zoster Oftálmico/complicações , Herpes Zoster Oftálmico/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Secreção Inadequada de HAD/complicações , Síndrome de Secreção Inadequada de HAD/diagnóstico , Adulto , Humanos , Síndrome de Secreção Inadequada de HAD/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Intern Med ; 49(22): 2473-6, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21088352

RESUMO

Although reduced intestinal blood flow causing barrier dysfunction and endotoxemia is well documented in the pathogenesis of heat stroke (HS), complications of the gastrointestinal tract are less appreciated in HS patients. Herein, we report the case of a young man with exertional HS complicated with colon perforation. Acute abdomen, bloody diarrhea, dilated bowel loop, and unexplained shock should be considered as warning signs of colonic ischemia and consequent perforation. Early recognition is the key factor for improving the outcome of HS patients complicated with colon perforation.


Assuntos
Doenças do Colo/etiologia , Golpe de Calor/complicações , Perfuração Intestinal/etiologia , Esforço Físico , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino
10.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 16(4): 178-80, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20414123

RESUMO

Hypokalemic paralysis is a rare presentation of Fanconi syndrome (FS) caused by Sjögren Syndrome (SS). We describe a 39-year-old man who manifested flaccid paralysis of 4 limbs. Laboratory investigations showed profound hypokalemia (1.6 mmol/L) with renal K wasting, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis with positive urine anion gap, hypophosphatemia with hyperphosphaturia, hypouricemia with hyperuricosuria, normoglycemic glycosuria, and abnormal serum creatinine concentration 2.2 mg/dL. A thorough survey for the cause of FS revealed that he had xerophthalmia and xerostomia accompanied by high anti-Ro antibody, positive Schirmer test, and delayed saliva excretion on sialoscintigraphy, confirming the diagnosis of SS. Potassium citrate, active vitamin D3, and high phosphate diet for his FS coupled with mycophenolate mofetil for SS resolved clinical symptoms and ameliorated renal function. Early recognition of HP due to the underlying SS-related FS with prompt therapy not only could terminate potentially life-threatening hypokalemia, but also improve renal outcome.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Fanconi/complicações , Síndrome de Fanconi/diagnóstico , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Paralisia/etiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Hipotonia Muscular , Ácido Micofenólico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Am J Emerg Med ; 27(9): 1174.e1-3, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19931789

RESUMO

Hypercalcemic crisis, a life-threatening emergency, is defined as decompensated hypercalcemia presented with characteristic symptoms such as oliguria, cardiac arrhythmia, or coma. We report the case of a 63-year-old man diagnosed with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma and multiple bony metastases, who presented to the emergency department (ED) with coma and severe hypercalcemia (4.15 mmol/L). Prompt hydration with normal saline and intravenous pamidronate failed to correct his hypercalcemic coma. Calcium-free hemodialysis rapidly decreased the level of serum total calcium to 2.15 mmol/L after a 2-hour session, and the patient dramatically regained consciousness shortly after hemodialysis. Calcium- free hemodialysis has proved favorable for rapidly correcting hypercalcemia in the presence of severe hypercalcemic symptoms, congestive heart failure, renal failure, or other conditions that contraindicate adequate hydration. This case highlights the fact that for all patients with comas of questionable cause in the ED, hypercalcemia- induced coma must be considered, especially in patients with malignancies. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment with calcium-free hemodialysis not only rapidly improve patient consciousness but also prevent the fatal complication of hypercalcemia.


Assuntos
Hipercalcemia/diagnóstico , Hipercalcemia/terapia , Diálise Renal/métodos , Coma/diagnóstico , Coma/etiologia , Coma/terapia , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/etiologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 161(6): 911-6, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19755408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the course of therapy in a large cohort of Chinese patients with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP), a reversible electrolyte emergency fraught with therapeutic challenges. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective interventional study, 78 patients with TPP (75 males and three females with an age range of 16-48 years) were consecutively enrolled over a 6-year period. Intravenous KCl at a rate of 10 mmol/h was administered until muscle strength recovered. Serum potassium (K(+)) and phosphorus concentrations were measured hourly during the paralytic attack and for 6 h after recovery. RESULTS: The serum potassium (K(+)) on attack was 2.1+/-0.2 mmol/l. The dose of KCl administered to restore muscle strength was 63+/-32 mmol, and peak serum K(+) concentration after recovery was 5.3+/-0.5 mmol/l. A paradoxical fall in serum K(+) concentration >0.1 mmol/l difference between presentation and treatment nadir was observed in approximately one-fourth of TPP patients (n=20). These patients had significantly higher serum-free thyroxine concentration, systolic blood pressure, and heart rate on presentation, as well as serum phosphate concentration on recovery. They not only needed much more KCl supplementation (104+/-34 vs 48+/-19 mmol, P<0.001), but also had significantly more severe rebound hyperkalemia (5.8+/-0.5 vs 5.1+/-0.4 mmol/l, P<0.001) on recovery than those who did not have paradoxical hypokalemia. There was a positive correlation between the dose of KCl administered and the difference between peak and nadir serum K(+) (Delta K(+)) (r=0.68, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: TPP patients who do not develop paradoxical hypokalemia need a smaller KCl dose to achieve recovery, whereas those who develop paradoxical hypokalemia have more severe hyperthyroidism and hyperadrenergic activity and may require blockage of intracellular K(+) shift to prevent rebound hyperkalemia.


Assuntos
Paralisia Periódica Hipopotassêmica/tratamento farmacológico , Cloreto de Potássio/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paralisias Periódicas Familiares/tratamento farmacológico , Potássio/sangue
13.
Clin Rheumatol ; 28(12): 1457-60, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19714391

RESUMO

Pulmonary-renal syndrome (PRS) associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-negative microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is relatively rare, and the effects of plasmapheresis on these patients remain unclear. Here, we report the case of a 66-year-old man who presented with fever, acute renal failure, thrombocytopenia, and sudden onset of diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage. Prompt plasmapheresis and concurrent pulse therapy with methylprednisolone effectively rescued his pulmonary-renal syndrome. The patient was then diagnosed with MPA on the basis of typical histological findings and the absence of surrogate markers of Wegener's granulomatosis and Churg-Strauss syndrome. This case demonstrates the therapeutic effects of plasmapheresis on ANCA-negative MPA and highlights the necessity of prompt plasmapheresis for not only resolving pulmonary hemorrhage but also increasing the likelihood of renal function restoration in patients with PRS.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/terapia , Pneumopatias/terapia , Poliangiite Microscópica/terapia , Plasmaferese , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/sangue , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Nefropatias/etiologia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Masculino , Poliangiite Microscópica/sangue , Poliangiite Microscópica/complicações , Ácido Micofenólico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pulsoterapia , Radiografia Torácica , Síndrome , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Nephron Clin Pract ; 102(1): c43-50, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16174990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explored the association of hypertension and psychiatric morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) under adjusted personality characteristics and parental attachment. METHODS: The mental health of 121 patients with ESRD in a general teaching hospital was evaluated using the 12-item version of the Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ). Only 40 males and 49 females completed all the questionnaires. Ten of the 40 males and 21 of the 49 females had high scores (> or = 4) and were allotted to the case group (n = 31). The remaining 58 patients constituted the control group (CHQ < 4). RESULTS: The logistic regression model showed that hypertension, gender, and neuroticism are statistically significant covariates. Hypertension, especially, was strongly associated with depressive vulnerability (odds ratio of hypertension versus without hypertension = 9.07:1). Structural equation modeling revealed that gender difference and hypertension directly influenced the individuals' mental health status and that the influence of hypertension on mental health was highly variable. CONCLUSION: A parsimonious structural equation model provided considerable evidence that hypertension could have an important effect on depression in ESRD patients, when predisposing factors, such as personality characteristics and parental attachment, gender, duration of hemodialysis and other medical diseases were adjusted. Hence, hypertension might be a mediating factor of depressive vulnerability in ESRD patients underling genetic and environmental problems.


Assuntos
Depressão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Hipertensão/psicologia , Falência Renal Crônica/psicologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Apego ao Objeto , Personalidade , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Sexuais
15.
Heart Vessels ; 20(5): 217-23, 2005 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16160904

RESUMO

Information of the effect of statin on lipoproteins such as apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)], or apolipoprotein B levels is limited. This investigation was a crossover study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of atorvastatin and simvastatin in patients with hyperlipidemia. Sixty-six patients were involved in the study. Group I consisted of 32 patients, who were first treated with atorvastatin (10 mg) then switched to simvastatin (10 mg). Group II consisted of 34 patients, who were first treated with simvastatin then switched to atorvastatin. Each regimen was used for 3 months (phase I), stopped for 2 months, and then restarted for another 3 months (phase II). Both statins effectively reduced total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apo B, and Lp (a) (P < 0.001 in all comparisons). A significant increase in the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was noted after both statin treatments (P < 0.05 in all comparisons). Both statins caused an increase in the apo A-I levels, and the extent of changes in apo A-I revealed no difference between the two drugs. Compared to the simvastatin group, there were more patients in the atorvastatin group achieving the National Cholesterol Education Program ATP-III LDL-C goal (P < 0.05) and European LDL-C goal (P < 0.001). Both treatments were well tolerated; no patient was withdrawn from the study. This study demonstrates that both statins can effectively improve lipid profiles in patients with hyperlipidemia. Atorvastatin is more effective in helping patients reach the ATP-III and European LDL-C goals than simvastatin at the same dosage.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Ácidos Heptanoicos/uso terapêutico , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Lipoproteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Sinvastatina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Atorvastatina , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 66(10): 617-20, 2003 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14703280

RESUMO

Bacterial endocarditis due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa arising from arteriovenous (AV) fistula and graft infection is unusual. We report an uncommon case of a 55-year-old woman housewife with chronic glomerulonephritis who had received hemodialysis (HD) for 5 years. She was admitted due to frequent episodes of AV fistula and graft infections in the past 5 years. She was admitted to our hospital because of a fever of unknown origin. During hospitalization, cardiac sonography and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) confirmed a vegetation over the mitral valve. Blood culture yielded Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Endophthalmitis of the right eye was diagnosed by funduscopy because of painful redness of the right eye with exudative discharge. The patient was treated with ceftazidime for 9 weeks. Since then, she has been well, without any sequale after 1 year of following up. Physicians should be aware of the possibility of infective endocarditis in an uremic patient who suffers from fever of unknown origin. Early diagnosis with an adequate tool such as TEE and appropriate treatment will lead to an excellent prognosis.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Prótese Vascular , Endocardite Bacteriana/etiologia , Endoftalmite/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/complicações , Infecções por Pseudomonas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA