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1.
Adv Ther ; 2020 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200533

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Omega-3 fatty acid ethyl esters (omega-3), an eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid preparation (Lotriga®, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited), are approved in Japan to treat triglyceridemia. We investigated the effects of omega-3 on vascular endothelial function, measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD). METHODS: Patients with dyslipidemia receiving 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors were randomized 1:1 to receive omega-3 at 2 g (QD) or 4 g (2 g BID) for 8 weeks. The primary end point was the change from baseline of fasting  %FMD in each treatment group. Secondary end points included the 4-h postprandial  %FMD and 4-h postprandial triglyceride (TG) level. RESULTS: Thirty-seven patients were randomized to receive omega-3 at 2 g (n = 18) or 4 g (n = 19). Mean fasting %FMD did not increase from baseline to week 8 in the 2-g group (- 1.2%) or 4-g group (- 1.3%). Mean 4-h postprandial %FMD did not change from baseline to week 8 in the 2-g group (0.0%), but increased in the 4-g group (1.0%). Mean 4-h postprandial TG level decreased by 34.7 mg/dl from baseline over week 8 in the 2-g group, with a significantly larger decrease in the 4-g group of 75.9 mg/dl (p < 0.001). No new safety concerns were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Fasting %FMD did not improve after 8 weeks of omega-3 treatment at 2 g or 4 g. After 8 weeks, 4-h postprandial TG levels showed improvement at both doses, with a greater reduction in the 4-g group. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: NCT02824432.

2.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 183: 113168, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062014

RESUMO

Mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is suggested to be a prognostic indicator for various diseases. Plasma MR-proADM concentration is commonly measured using immunoassays based on its immunochemical characteristics. However, some immunological interactions affect the measured concentration. We developed and validated a sensitive and selective method for measuring plasma MR-proADM concentration using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) and evaluated its clinical applicability. Plasma samples were prepared by protein precipitation and solid-phase extraction. Samples obtained from healthy volunteers (n = 38), patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3 and 4-5 (non-dialysis; n = 20 and 17, respectively), and CKD stage 5D (dialysis; n = 34) were analyzed. Within-batch and batch-to-batch accuracy of the UPLC-MS/MS assay for quality control samples ranged from -0.69 % to 8.05 % and from 1.72 % to 5.76 %, respectively. The lower limit of quantification was 0.4 ng mL-1. The MR-proADM concentration determined using the UPLC-MS/MS assay correlated strongly with that determined using the immunoassay (Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient [r] = 0.7875, p < 0.001). Median (range) plasma MR-proADM concentrations of healthy volunteers, patients with CKD stages 3 and 4-5, and patients with CKD stage 5D were 0.67 (0.43-1.27), 1.89 (0.65-6.68), 3.86 (1.60-8.75) and 3.97 (0.66-9.20) ng mL-1, respectively, and a significant difference among four groups was confirmed. We established a sensitive and selective method for determining plasma MR-proADM concentration using UPLC-MS/MS. Our novel UPLC-MS/MS assay for determining plasma MR-proADM concentration can be used in the clinical setting and may have better selectivity than the immunoassay method.

5.
CEN Case Rep ; 9(1): 1-5, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544222

RESUMO

We herein report a case of anti-RANKL monoclonal antibody-associated membranous nephropathy (MN). A 67-year-old woman with a history of rheumatoid arthritis treated with prednisolone and methotrexate for more than 30 years and osteoporosis treated with eldecalcitol and teriparatide for 4 years had achieved a stable disease condition. Her kidney function was normal and her urinalysis was negative for hematuria and proteinuria. An anti-RANKL monoclonal antibody (denosumab) was administered for the treatment of osteoporosis. Four months later, proteinuria appeared (2.3 g/g creatinine) and remained positive for about 6 months, therefore, she was admitted to our hospital. An immunofluorescence study revealed fine granular deposits of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and C3 along the capillary walls. Staining for IgG subclasses showed positive staining for IgG1 (3+), IgG2 (1+), IgG3 (1+), and IgG4 (1+); phospholipase A2 receptor was negative. Electron microscopy showed partial subepithelial and intramembranous deposits and focal thickening of the glomerular basement membrane. No evidence of malignancy or infectious disease was seen. After cessation of denosumab, the proteinuria gradually improved. Based on the renal biopsy results and clinical course (development of marked proteinuria in the presence of denosumab with subsequent amelioration in the absence of the drug), we diagnosed the patient with secondary MN due to denosumab. This is the first reported case of denosumab-associated MN.

6.
J Hum Hypertens ; 34(1): 34-42, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462725

RESUMO

Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a common curable cause of hypertension. Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is recommended for subtype diagnosis but is a difficult procedure. Recently, an increased prevalence of PA was reported, creating a greater demand for treatment of the condition in clinical facilities. The aim of the present study was to identify the historical changes over time and the differences between facilities in the success rate and subtype diagnosis of PA. The database of the PA registry developed by the Japan PA Study (JPAS) was used. A total of 2599 patients with PA who underwent AVS were evaluated. The overall success rate of AVS was 88%. The bilateral subtype was the dominant subtype, comprising 69% of cases. During the period 2004-2011 to 2011-2017, there were significant changes in the total number of AVS procedures (from 562 to 1732), ratio of ACTH administration with AVS (75 to 97%), success rate (79 to 90%), and proportion with bilateral subtype diagnosis (53 to 72%). There were also significant inter-facility differences in the number of AVS procedures (6 to 322), success rate (59 to 97%), and proportion with the bilateral subtype (44 to 86%). The principal enrolled department was Endocrinology (86%), and the ratio of unilateral PA was significantly higher in this department than in others (32% vs. 25%). In conclusion, the number of AVS procedures performed, the success rate, and the proportion with the bilateral subtype increased over time after normalizing the centre difference. Significant differences were observed between the centres.

7.
J Endocr Soc ; 3(11): 2012-2022, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637342

RESUMO

Context: Aldosterone-producing adenomas are a curable subtype of primary aldosteronism (PA); however, hypertension persists in some patients after adrenalectomy. Objective: To identify factors associated with, and develop prediction models for, blood pressure (BP) normalization or improvement after adrenalectomy. Design: Retrospective analysis of patients treated between 2006 and 2018, with a 6-month follow-up. Setting: A nationwide, 29-center Japanese registry encompassing 15 university hospitals and 14 city hospitals. Patients: We categorized 574 participants in the Japan Primary Aldosteronism Study, who were diagnosed with PA and underwent adrenalectomy, as BP normalized or improved, on the basis of their presentations at 6 months postsurgery. Main Outcome Measure: The rate of complete, partial, and absent clinical success. Predictive factors related to BP outcomes after PA surgery were also evaluated. Results: Complete clinical success was achieved in 32.6% and partial clinical success was achieved in 53.0% of the patients at 6 months postsurgery. The following five variables were independent predictors for BP normalization: ≤7 years of hypertension, body mass index ≤25 kg/m2, no more than one antihypertensive medication, absence of medical history of diabetes, and female sex. The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve was 0.797 in the BP normalization model. Conclusion: We established models that predicted postoperative BP normalization in patients with PA. These should be useful for shared decision-making regarding adrenalectomy for PA.

8.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584752

RESUMO

We report the identification of a mutation in the solute carrier family 5 member 2 (SLC5A2) gene, which encodes sodium-glucose cotransporter 2, in a family with familial renal glucosuria. The proband was a 26-year-old Japanese man referred to the diabetes division with repeated glucosuria without hyperglycemia. His mother, uncle and grandfather also had a history of glucosuria. A heterozygous missense mutation (c.303T>A:p.N101K) in SLC5A2 was identified in the patient and his mother, but not in 200 chromosomes from 100 healthy and unrelated individuals, or in 3,408 Japanese individuals in the Tohoku Medical Megabank. Furthermore, bioinformatics software predicted that this lesion would be pathogenic. We infer that the mutation led to clinically relevant sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 dysfunction. The patient showed no symptoms of hypoglycemia, but continuous glucose monitoring confirmed asymptomatic hypoglycemia.

10.
J Endocr Soc ; 3(7): 1367-1374, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286101

RESUMO

Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (LCAH) is caused by mutations in STAR and characterized by a defect in steroidogenesis and lipid droplet accumulation in steroidogenic cells. Patients with 46,XY and classic LCAH will typically present with female-type external genitalia. However, those with nonclassic LCAH will have masculinized external genitalia. The rarity of the nonclassic form has precluded the clarification of the long-term outcomes of testicular function in nonclassic LCAH. We report the cases of three adult males with nonclassic LCAH in whom primary adrenal insufficiency had been diagnosed at 5 days, 4 years, and 5 years of age. All exhibited complete male external genitalia and had completed pubertal development without androgen replacement. The endocrinological data showed preserved gonadal function in patients 1 and 2 and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism in patient 3. Semen analyses showed normozoospermia in patient 1 and mild oligozoospermia in patient 2. Electron microscopic analysis of a testicular biopsy specimen from patient 2 at 13 years of age revealed prominent lipid accumulation in the cytosol of Leydig cells. Patients 1 and 2 shared the same compound heterozygous mutations in STAR (p.Glu258* and p.Arg272Cys). Patient 3 possessed a heterozygous dominant-negative mutation in STAR (p.Gly22_Leu59del). A functional assay of a variant STAR-Arg272Cys determined the residual activity as 35% of the wild-type STAR. The results from the present case series and a review of four previously reported adult cases indicate that testosterone synthesis can be preserved in most males with nonclassic LCAH to complete pubertal development and induce germ cell maturation despite lipid accumulation in the Leydig cells.

11.
J Rheumatol ; 46(6): 655-656, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154449
12.
J Hypertens ; 37(7): 1513-1520, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Current clinical guidelines of primary aldosteronism recommend adrenalectomy (AdX) for unilateral primary aldosteronism based on the studies showing the potential superiority of AdX over the medical treatment. However, since most medically treated cases consisted of bilateral primary aldosteronism and all surgically treated cases consisted of unilateral primary aldosteronism, the different subtype of primary aldosteronism could be a bias for their effects. This study compared the effects of AdX and medical therapy in patients with unilateral primary aldosteronism confirmed by adrenal vein sampling. METHODS: Of the 339 patients with unilateral primary aldosteronism in the Japan Primary Pldosteronism Study data base, unilateral AdX and treatment with mineral corticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) was done in 276 patients (AdX group) and in 63 patients (MRAs group), respectively. The effects were compared by the clinical (improvement of blood pressure) and biochemical outcomes (improvement of hypokalemia). RESULTS: At baseline, use of potassium replacement, plasma aldosterone concentration, aldosterone-to-renin ratio, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and prevalence of adrenal mass on imaging were higher in the AdX group than in the MRAs group. At 6 months after commencement of specific treatment for primary aldosteronism, clinical outcome and biochemical outcome in the AdX group were superior than those in the MRAs group. The difference of the outcome between the two groups were the case even after adjusting for the different clinical backgrounds in the two groups before the specific treatment. CONCLUSION: Our study provides evidence that AdX is the first choice of treatment in the patients with unilateral primary aldosteronism in terms of clinical and biochemical outcome.

13.
J Hypertens ; 37(7): 1493-1499, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Because of the influence on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, it is recommended to avoid, if possible, the use of angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers, diuretics, ß-blockers, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists during the diagnostic period of primary aldosteronism. A laterality index more than 4 in adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-stimulated adrenal venous sampling (ACTH-AVS) is a widely used classification of the unilateral subtype that can benefit from adrenalectomy. Here, we revealed clinical features of patients taking drugs that could affect the primary aldosteronism diagnosis (DAPD) and investigated whether the classification with laterality index more than 4 in ACTH-AVS is applicable to these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a large database of primary aldosteronism patients in Japan, we analyzed 2122 patients with successful ACTH-AVS. RESULTS: Patients who received any DAPD (n = 209) showed higher prevalence of comorbidity burdens and took more antihypertensive drugs compared with patients without DAPD. In patients taking DAPD, those with laterality index more than 4 had a higher prevalence of hypokalemia, a higher aldosterone-to-renin ratio and a higher prevalence of adrenal mass than those with laterality index of 4 or less. Adrenalectomy was performed in 76% patients with laterality index more than 4 and 20% with laterality index of 4 or less. Patients who underwent adrenalectomy showed biochemical cure in 89% with laterality index more than 4 and 50% with laterality index of 4 or less (P = 0.001). Multivariate regression analysis showed that laterality index more than 4 was an independent predictor of a biochemical cure. Biochemical cure rate in patients with laterality index more than 4 was consistently high, irrespective of the potential effect of individual DAPD on laterality index. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that in primary aldosteronism patients to whom DAPD were administrated due to severe clinical features, laterality index more than 4 in ACTH-AVS could accurately predict a biochemical cure after adrenalectomy.

14.
Hypertens Res ; 42(6): 817-824, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948836

RESUMO

Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common cause of secondary hypertension. The aim of this study was to review the clinical outcomes after mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonist treatment versus adrenalectomy treatment in patients with PA. Relevant medical literature from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and the ICHUSHI database from 1985 to August 2017 was reviewed. Data extraction was performed independently by three authors. The incidence of cerebrovascular or cardiovascular disease, the improvement of left ventricular hypertrophy or hypokalemia, the severity of hypertension, the incidence of renal dysfunction, and the reduction in the number of oral antihypertensive agents were set as the clinical outcomes. Of the 302 articles selected, 16 were included in the final analysis. Regarding the two therapeutic strategies, no difference in the reduced incidence of cerebrovascular or cardiovascular disease, the prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy or hypokalemia, or the severity of hypertension, as well as an increase in the incidence of renal dysfunction was observed. Regarding the decrease in the number of oral antihypertensive agents, more agents were reduced in patients who underwent adrenalectomy. Available evidence indicated that the clinical outcomes were not different in PA patients treated with MR antagonist or adrenalectomy, except for a reduction in the number of antihypertensive agents.

15.
Endocr J ; 66(7): 605-613, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31019152

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the relationships between body weight (BW), computed tomography (CT)-assessed abdominal adipose tissue, and the glycemic metabolic profile in obese Japanese patients following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). This study analyzed adipose tissue compartments using CT methods before and 1 year after LSG. Thirty obese patients were studied, and variables measured included visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), density of VAT (VAT-D), and density of SAT (SAT-D). We also examined the parameters in patients according to whether they had type-2 diabetes (T2DM). LSG induced significant losses in BW, SAT, and VAT after LSG. Additionally, SAT-D and VAT-D both increased and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c, but not C-peptide, decreased after surgery. ΔSAT and ΔVAT were positively related, and ΔSAT-D and ΔVAT-D were negatively related to ΔBW and/or FPG. Furthermore, a multivariate regression model showed that total BW loss (TBWL) was closely related to ΔSAT (ß = 0.84; p < 0.001) and ΔVAT-D (ß = -0.45; p < 0.05) and improvement of FPG was related to ΔVAT (ß = 0.61; p < 0.05) after LSG. Finally, ΔFPG was correlated with ΔVAT in 16 T2DM patients (r = 0.58; p < 0.05) but not in non-T2DM patients. TBWL was related to ΔSAT and ΔVAT-D, and improvement of FPG was related to ΔVAT in obese Japanese patients after LSG.


Assuntos
Gordura Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Gordura Abdominal/patologia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/patologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Gordura Abdominal/metabolismo , Adulto , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/metabolismo , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/metabolismo , Obesidade Mórbida/patologia , Tamanho do Órgão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gordura Subcutânea/diagnóstico por imagem , Gordura Subcutânea/metabolismo , Gordura Subcutânea/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Diabetes Care ; 42(5): 938-945, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and causes of diabetes in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) in a multi-institutional cohort study in Japan. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The prevalence of diabetes was determined in 2,210 patients with PA (diagnosed or glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c] ≥6.5% [≥48 mmol/mol]; NGSP) and compared with that of the Japanese general population according to age and sex. In 1,386 patients with PA and clear laterality (unilateral or bilateral), the effects of plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC), hypokalemia (<3.5 mEq/L), suspected subclinical hypercortisolism (SH; serum cortisol ≥1.8 µg/dL after 1-mg dexamethasone suppression test), and PA laterality on the prevalence of diabetes or prediabetes (5.7% ≤ HbA1c <6.5% [39 mmol/mol ≤ HbA1c <48 mmol/mol]) were examined. RESULTS: Of the 2,210 patients with PA, 477 (21.6%) had diabetes. This prevalence is higher than that in the general population (12.1%) or in 10-year cohorts aged 30-69 years. Logistic regression or χ2 test revealed a significant contribution of suspected SH to diabetes. Despite more active PA profiles (e.g., higher PAC and lower potassium concentrations) in unilateral than bilateral PA, BMI and HbA1c values were significantly higher in bilateral PA. PA laterality had no effect on the prevalence of diabetes; however, the prevalence of prediabetes was significantly higher in bilateral than unilateral PA. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with PA have a high prevalence of diabetes, which is associated mainly with SH. The prevalence of prediabetes is greater for bilateral than unilateral PA, suggesting a unique metabolic cause of bilateral PA.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Cushing/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hiperaldosteronismo/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aldosterona/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Síndrome de Cushing/sangue , Síndrome de Cushing/complicações , Complicações do Diabetes/sangue , Complicações do Diabetes/complicações , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/sangue , Hiperaldosteronismo/complicações , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946460

RESUMO

CONTEXT: von Hippel-Lindau disease, comprising renal cancer, hemangioblastoma and/or pheochromocytoma (PHEO) is caused by missense or truncating variants of the VHL tumor suppressor gene, which is involved in degradation of hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs). However, the role of synonymous VHL variants in the disease is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated a synonymous VHL variant in patients with familial PHEO or VHL disease without a detectable pathogenic VHL mutation. DESIGN: We performed genetic and transcriptional analyses of leukocytes and/or tumors from affected and unaffected individuals and evaluated VHL splicing in existing cancer databases. RESULTS: We identified a synonymous VHL variant(c.414A>G, p.Pro138Pro) as the driver event in five independent individuals/families with PHEOs or VHL syndrome. This variant promotes exon 2 skipping and, hence, abolishes expression of the full-length VHL transcript. Exon 2 spans the HIF binding domain, required for HIF degradation by VHL. Accordingly, PHEOs carrying this variant display HIF hyperactivation typical of VHL loss. Moreover, other exon 2 VHL variants from the TCGA pan-cancer datasets are biased toward expression of a VHL transcript that excludes this exon, supporting a broader impact of this spliced variant. CONCLUSION: A recurrent synonymous VHL variant (c.414A>G, p.Pro138Pro) confers susceptibility to PHEO and VHL disease through splice disruption, leading to VHL dysfunction. This finding indicates that certain synonymous VHL variants may be clinically relevant and should be considered in genetic testing and surveillance settings. The observation that other coding VHL variants can exclude exon 2 suggests that dysregulated splicing may be an underappreciated mechanism in VHL-mediated tumorigenesis.

18.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 27(5): 785-792, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30925198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has been reported to decrease blood pressure (BP), although the reason has not been revealed. The present study aimed to establish the reason why SG decreases BP. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to surgical (sham operation or SG) and dietary interventions (fed a normal diet or high-fat diet ad libitum or fed by pair-feeding [PF]). Systolic BP (SBP), urinary sodium excretion, and endocrine parameters were examined 4 weeks after surgery. RESULTS: Both SG and PF rats had reduced body weight compared with SO rats fed normal diet or high-fat diet ad libitum. SG rats exhibited a reduction in SBP compared with PF, which was associated with a reduction in renal renin, angiotensin II, and catechol-O-methyltransferase levels (P < 0.01 for each). SG increased plasma cholecystokinin (CCK) levels compared with PF (P < 0.0001 for each), whereas glucagon-like peptide 1 and peptide YY were not changed in fasting. Exogenous administration of CCK reduced renal catechol-O-methyltransferase (P = 0.0233), renin (P < 0.0001), and angiotensin II (P < 0.0001) levels and SBP (P = 0.0053). CONCLUSIONS: SG reduced SBP, at least in part, through suppression of sympathetic nerve action by elevation of CCK, which was followed by suppression of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system.

19.
J Hypertens ; 37(5): 1077-1082, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is essential for identifying a surgically curable form of primary aldosteronism. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) infusion or bolus has been reported to improve the success rate of AVS, although the effects on lateralization and its outcomes in unilateral primary aldosteronism are unclear. METHODS: The success rate and lateralization indices were examined in a cohort of 2197 Japanese patients with primary aldosteronism from 28 centres who underwent AVS. Outcomes were analysed in 267 patients with aldosterone-producing adenomas (APAs). RESULTS: ACTH loading during AVS improved the success rate from 67 to 89%, while lateralization indices decreased from 62 to 28%. Bolus, bolus along with continuous infusion or continuous infusion of ACTH did not affect both indices. The absence of clinical success (i.e. unchanged or increased blood pressure) was 33% and absence of biochemical success (persistent hypokalaemia or persistently raised aldosterone-to-renin ratio, or both) was 15%. The clinical and biochemical success rates did not differ between the three groups [lateralization index >2 in basal condition (LIb) and lateralization index >4 after ACTH loading (lateralization indices), and LIb >2 + lateralization indices<4, LIb<2+lateralization indices>4]. The three groups (LIb>4+lateralization indices>4, LIb>4+lateralization indices<4 and LIb<4+lateralization indices>4) did not show any significant differences of clinical and biochemical outcome. CONCLUSION: ACTH loading during AVS improved the success rate but decreased laterality. ACTH did not affect the clinical and biochemical outcomes in APA patients. These data showed that the use of ACTH during AVS was helpful for improving the success rate, but did not contribute to better outcomes.

20.
Mod Rheumatol ; 29(5): 885-891, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30092695

RESUMO

Objectives: Increasing evidence has revealed the close correlation between immune cell functions and their intracellular metabolism. Mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is the important metabolism-modulating signal that regulates cellular activities. In certain types of cell, it is known that mTORC1 activation depends on influx of l-leucine through an amino acid transporter, Slc7a5. In B cells, however, the expression and the role of Slc7a5 have never been investigated. Methods: CD19+ B cells were obtained from peripheral blood of healthy adults and stimulated by a toll-like receptor 9 ligand, CpG oligodeoxynucleotides. The expression of Slc7a5 and l-leucine uptake were evaluated by RT-PCR, flow cytometry and radioisotope assay. Then the effect of Slc7a5 inhibition on mTORC1 activity, plasmablast differentiation and production of IgG and inflammatory cytokines were analyzed. Results: CpG stimulation significantly induced the expression of Slc7a5 in B cells, resulting in l-leucine influx. Furthermore, inhibition of Slc7a5 abrogated mTORC1 activation, plasmablast differentiation, and production of IgG and inflammatory cytokines in CpG-stimulated B cells. Conclusion: l-leucine influx through Slc7a5 critically regulates mTORC1 activity and the immunological responses of human B cells. Slc7a5-mTORC1 pathway may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Transportador 1 de Aminoácidos Neutros Grandes/metabolismo , Leucina/metabolismo , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais
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