Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 29
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
Neurology ; 92(13): e1405-e1415, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the genetic and physiologic basis for recessive myasthenic congenital myopathy in 2 families, suggestive of a channelopathy involving the sodium channel gene, SCN4A. METHODS: A combination of whole exome sequencing and targeted mutation analysis, followed by voltage-clamp studies of mutant sodium channels expressed in fibroblasts (HEK cells) and Xenopus oocytes. RESULTS: Missense mutations of the same residue in the skeletal muscle sodium channel, R1460 of NaV1.4, were identified in a family and a single patient of Finnish origin (p.R1460Q) and a proband in the United States (p.R1460W). Congenital hypotonia, breathing difficulties, bulbar weakness, and fatigability had recessive inheritance (homozygous p.R1460W or compound heterozygous p.R1460Q and p.R1059X), whereas carriers were either asymptomatic (p.R1460W) or had myotonia (p.R1460Q). Sodium currents conducted by mutant channels showed unusual mixed defects with both loss-of-function (reduced amplitude, hyperpolarized shift of inactivation) and gain-of-function (slower entry and faster recovery from inactivation) changes. CONCLUSIONS: Novel mutations in families with myasthenic congenital myopathy have been identified at p.R1460 of the sodium channel. Recessive inheritance, with experimentally established loss-of-function, is a consistent feature of sodium channel based myasthenia, whereas the mixed gain of function for p.R1460 may also cause susceptibility to myotonia.

2.
Neurotherapeutics ; 15(4): 840-848, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30414046

RESUMO

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive X-linked degenerative muscle disease due to mutations in the DMD gene. Genetic confirmation has become standard in recent years. Improvements in the standard of care for DMD have led to improved survival. Novel treatments for DMD have focused on reducing the dystrophic mechanism of the muscle disease, modulating utrophin protein expression, and restoring dystrophin protein expression. Among the strategies to reduce the dystrophic mechanisms are 1) inhibiting inflammation, 2) promoting muscle growth and regeneration, 3) reducing fibrosis, and 4) facilitating mitochondrial function. The agents under investigation include a novel steroid, myostatin inhibitors, idebenone, an anti-CTGF antibody, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, and cardiosphere-derived cells. For utrophin modulation, AAV-mediated gene therapy with GALGT2 is currently being investigated to upregulate utrophin expression. Finally, the strategies for dystrophin protein restoration include 1) nonsense readthrough, 2) synthetic antisense oligonucleotides for exon skipping, and 3) AAV-mediated micro/minidystrophin gene delivery. With newer agents, we are witnessing the use of more advanced biotechnological methods. Although these potential breakthroughs provide significant promise, they may also raise new questions regarding treatment effect and safety.

3.
Contemp Clin Trials Commun ; 11: 113-119, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30094386

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Recruitment and retention of research participants are challenging and critical components of successful clinical trials and natural history studies. Infants with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) have been a particularly challenging population to study due to their fragile and complex medical issues, poor prognosis and, until 2016, a lack of effective therapies. Recruitment of healthy infants into clinical trials and natural history studies is also challenging and sometimes assumed to not be feasible. Methods: In 2011, our group initiated a two-year, longitudinal natural history study of infants with SMA and healthy infant controls to provide data to assist in the analysis and interpretation of planned clinical trials in infants with SMA. The recruitment goal was to enroll 27 infants less than 6 months of age with SMA and 27 age-matched healthy infants within the two-year enrollment period. A detailed recruitment and retention plan was developed for this purpose. In addition, a survey was administered to participant families to understand the determinants of participation in the study. Results: All healthy infants were recruited within the study's first year and 26 SMA infants were recruited within the two-year recruitment period. Thirty-eight participant families responded to the recruitment determinants survey. Nearly half of respondents (18/38, 48%) reported that they first heard of the study from their physician or neurologist. The most common reason to decide to enroll their infant (22/38, 58%) and to remain in the study (28/38, 74%) was their understanding of the importance of the study. Thematic recruitment tools such as a study brochure, video on social media, and presentations at advocacy meetings were reported to positively influence the decision to enroll. Conclusions: A proactive, thematic and inclusive recruitment and retention plan that effectively communicates the rationale of a clinical study and partners with patients, advocacy groups and the local communities can effectively recruit participants in vulnerable populations. Recommendations for the proactive integration of recruitment and retention plans into clinical trial protocol development are provided.

4.
JAMA Neurol ; 75(11): 1439-1440, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30039160
5.
Muscle Nerve ; 58(5): 639-645, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30028519

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: ACT DMD was a 48-week trial of ataluren for nonsense mutation Duchenne muscular dystrophy (nmDMD). Patients received corticosteroids for ≥6 months at entry and stable regimens throughout study. This post hoc analysis compares efficacy and safety for deflazacort and prednisone/prednisolone in the placebo arm. METHODS: Patients received deflazacort (n = 53) or prednisone/prednisolone (n = 61). Endpoints included change from baseline in 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), timed function tests, estimated age at loss of ambulation (extrapolated from 6MWD). RESULTS: Mean changes in 6MWD were -39.0 m (deflazacort; 95% confidence limit [CL], -68.85, -9.17) and -70.6 m (prednisone/prednisolone; 95% CL, -97.16, -44.02). Mean changes in 4-stair climb were 3.79 s (deflazacort; 95% CL, 1.54, 6.03) and 6.67 s (prednisone/prednisolone; 95% CL, 4.69, 8.64). CONCLUSIONS: This analysis, limited by its post hoc nature, suggests greater preservation of 6MWD and 4-stair climb with deflazacort vs. prednisone/prednisolone. A head-to-head comparison will better define these differences. Muscle Nerve 58: 639-645, 2018.

6.
Trials ; 19(1): 291, 2018 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29793540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trials in rare diseases have many challenges, among which are the need to set up multiple sites in different countries to achieve recruitment targets and the divergent landscape of clinical trial regulations in those countries. Over the past years, there have been initiatives to facilitate the process of international study set-up, but the fruits of these deliberations require time to be operationally in place. FOR-DMD (Finding the Optimum Steroid Regimen for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy) is an academic-led clinical trial which aims to find the optimum steroid regimen for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for 5 years (July 2010 to June 2015), anticipating that all sites (40 across the USA, Canada, the UK, Germany and Italy) would be open to recruitment from July 2011. However, study start-up was significantly delayed and recruitment did not start until January 2013. METHOD: The FOR-DMD study is used as an example to identify systematic problems in the set-up of international, multi-centre clinical trials. The full timeline of the FOR-DMD study, from funding approval to site activation, was collated and reviewed. Systematic issues were identified and grouped into (1) study set-up, e.g. drug procurement; (2) country set-up, e.g. competent authority applications; and (3) site set-up, e.g. contracts, to identify the main causes of delay and suggest areas where anticipatory action could overcome these obstacles in future studies. RESULTS: Time from the first contact to site activation across countries ranged from 6 to 24 months. Reasons of delay were universal (sponsor agreement, drug procurement, budgetary constraints), country specific (complexity and diversity of regulatory processes, indemnity requirements) and site specific (contracting and approvals). The main identified obstacles included (1) issues related to drug supply, (2) NIH requirements regarding contracting with non-US sites, (3) differing regulatory requirements in the five participating countries, (4) lack of national harmonisation with contracting and the requirement to negotiate terms and contract individually with each site and (5) diversity of languages needed for study materials. Additionally, as with many academic-led studies, the FOR-DMD study did not have access to the infrastructure and expertise that a contracted research organisation could provide, organisations often employed in pharmaceutical-sponsored studies. This delay impacted recruitment, challenged the clinical relevance of the study outcomes and potentially delayed the delivery of the best treatment to patients. CONCLUSION: Based on the FOR-DMD experience, and as an interim solution, we have devised a checklist of steps to not only anticipate and minimise delays in academic international trial initiation but also identify obstacles that will require a concerted effort on the part of many stakeholders to mitigate.

7.
J Neuromuscul Dis ; 5(2): 145-158, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29614695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by the degeneration of alpha motor neurons in the spinal cord, leading to muscular atrophy. SMA is caused by deletions or mutations in the survival motor neuron 1 gene (SMN1). In humans, a nearly identical copy gene, SMN2, is present. Because SMN2 has been shown to decrease disease severity in a dose-dependent manner, SMN2 copy number is predictive of disease severity. OBJECTIVE: To develop a treatment algorithm for SMA-positive infants identified through newborn screening based upon SMN2 copy number. METHODS: A working group comprised of 15 SMA experts participated in a modified Delphi process, moderated by a neutral third-party expert, to develop treatment guidelines. RESULTS: The overarching recommendation is that all infants with two or three copies of SMN2 should receive immediate treatment (n = 13). For those infants in which immediate treatment is not recommended, guidelines were developed that outline the timing and appropriate screens and tests to be used to determine the timing of treatment initiation. CONCLUSIONS: The identification SMA affected infants via newborn screening presents an unprecedented opportunity for achievement of maximal therapeutic benefit through the administration of treatment pre-symptomatically. The recommendations provided here are intended to help formulate treatment guidelines for infants who test positive during the newborn screening process.


Assuntos
Oligonucleotídeos Antissenso/uso terapêutico , Oligonucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína 1 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/genética , Assistência ao Convalescente , Algoritmos , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Técnica Delfos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Eletromiografia , Dosagem de Genes , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Destreza Motora , Triagem Neonatal , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/diagnóstico , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/genética , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/fisiopatologia , Proteína 2 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/genética , Tempo
8.
Neurol Clin ; 36(2): 367-378, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29655455

RESUMO

The congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are a group of rare genetic conditions characterized by abnormal neuromuscular transmission. Typically, these conditions have been the result of a dysfunctional protein that is present in the presynaptic terminal, the synaptic cleft, or the postsynaptic terminal. Many of these syndromes present within the first few years of life with fluctuating and fatiguable weakness in a distribution similar to myasthenia gravis, although a limb-girdle distribution and late onset are also seen in certain specific types of CMS. Electrodiagnostic testing with repetitive nerve stimulation may be helpful in some forms of CMS.

9.
N Engl J Med ; 378(7): 625-635, 2018 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29443664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nusinersen is an antisense oligonucleotide drug that modulates pre-messenger RNA splicing of the survival motor neuron 2 ( SMN2) gene. It has been developed for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, sham-controlled, phase 3 trial of nusinersen in 126 children with SMA who had symptom onset after 6 months of age. The children were randomly assigned, in a 2:1 ratio, to undergo intrathecal administration of nusinersen at a dose of 12 mg (nusinersen group) or a sham procedure (control group) on days 1, 29, 85, and 274. The primary end point was the least-squares mean change from baseline in the Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale-Expanded (HFMSE) score at 15 months of treatment; HFMSE scores range from 0 to 66, with higher scores indicating better motor function. Secondary end points included the percentage of children with a clinically meaningful increase from baseline in the HFMSE score (≥3 points), an outcome that indicates improvement in at least two motor skills. RESULTS: In the prespecified interim analysis, there was a least-squares mean increase from baseline to month 15 in the HFMSE score in the nusinersen group (by 4.0 points) and a least-squares mean decrease in the control group (by -1.9 points), with a significant between-group difference favoring nusinersen (least-squares mean difference in change, 5.9 points; 95% confidence interval, 3.7 to 8.1; P<0.001). This result prompted early termination of the trial. Results of the final analysis were consistent with results of the interim analysis. In the final analysis, 57% of the children in the nusinersen group as compared with 26% in the control group had an increase from baseline to month 15 in the HFMSE score of at least 3 points (P<0.001), and the overall incidence of adverse events was similar in the nusinersen group and the control group (93% and 100%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Among children with later-onset SMA, those who received nusinersen had significant and clinically meaningful improvement in motor function as compared with those in the control group. (Funded by Biogen and Ionis Pharmaceuticals; CHERISH ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02292537 .).


Assuntos
Oligonucleotídeos Antissenso/uso terapêutico , Oligonucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/tratamento farmacológico , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Injeções Espinhais , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Masculino , Destreza Motora , Oligonucleotídeos/efeitos adversos , Oligonucleotídeos Antissenso/efeitos adversos , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/fisiopatologia
10.
Muscle Nerve ; 57(4): 522-530, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29125635

RESUMO

Periodic paralyses (PPs) are rare neuromuscular disorders caused by mutations in skeletal muscle sodium, calcium, and potassium channel genes. PPs include hypokalemic paralysis, hyperkalemic paralysis, and Andersen-Tawil syndrome. Common features of PP include autosomal dominant inheritance, onset typically in the first or second decades, episodic attacks of flaccid weakness, which are often triggered by diet or rest after exercise. Diagnosis is based on the characteristic clinic presentation then confirmed by genetic testing. In the absence of an identified genetic mutation, documented low or high potassium levels during attacks or a decrement on long exercise testing support diagnosis. The treatment approach should include both management of acute attacks and prevention of attacks. Treatments include behavioral interventions directed at avoidance of triggers, modification of potassium levels, diuretics, and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Muscle Nerve 57: 522-530, 2018.

11.
Ann Neurol ; 82(6): 883-891, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29149772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Infantile-onset spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is the most common genetic cause of infant mortality, typically resulting in death preceding age 2. Clinical trials in this population require an understanding of disease progression and identification of meaningful biomarkers to hasten therapeutic development and predict outcomes. METHODS: A longitudinal, multicenter, prospective natural history study enrolled 26 SMA infants and 27 control infants aged <6 months. Recruitment occurred at 14 centers over 21 months within the NINDS-sponsored NeuroNEXT (National Network for Excellence in Neuroscience Clinical Trials) Network. Infant motor function scales (Test of Infant Motor Performance Screening Items [TIMPSI], The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Infant Test for Neuromuscular Disorders, and Alberta Infant Motor Score) and putative physiological and molecular biomarkers were assessed preceding age 6 months and at 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months with progression, correlations between motor function and biomarkers, and hazard ratios analyzed. RESULTS: Motor function scores (MFS) and compound muscle action potential (CMAP) decreased rapidly in SMA infants, whereas MFS in all healthy infants rapidly increased. Correlations were identified between TIMPSI and CMAP in SMA infants. TIMPSI at first study visit was associated with risk of combined endpoint of death or permanent invasive ventilation in SMA infants. Post-hoc analysis of survival to combined endpoint in SMA infants with 2 copies of SMN2 indicated a median age of 8 months at death (95% confidence interval, 6, 17). INTERPRETATION: These data of SMA and control outcome measures delineates meaningful change in clinical trials in infantile-onset SMA. The power and utility of NeuroNEXT to provide "real-world," prospective natural history data sets to accelerate public and private drug development programs for rare disease is demonstrated. Ann Neurol 2017;82:883-891.


Assuntos
Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/sangue , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/genética , Proteína 1 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/sangue , Proteína 1 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/genética , Proteína 2 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/sangue , Proteína 2 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/genética
12.
Lancet ; 390(10101): 1489-1498, 2017 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28728956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe, progressive, and rare neuromuscular, X-linked recessive disease. Dystrophin deficiency is the underlying cause of disease; therefore, mutation-specific therapies aimed at restoring dystrophin protein production are being explored. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of ataluren in ambulatory boys with nonsense mutation DMD. METHODS: We did this multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial at 54 sites in 18 countries located in North America, Europe, the Asia-Pacific region, and Latin America. Boys aged 7-16 years with nonsense mutation DMD and a baseline 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) of 150 m or more and 80% or less of the predicted normal value for age and height were randomly assigned (1:1), via permuted block randomisation (block size of four) using an interactive voice-response or web-response system, to receive ataluren orally three times daily (40 mg/kg per day) or matching placebo. Randomisation was stratified by age (<9 years vs ≥9 years), duration of previous corticosteroid use (6 months to <12 months vs ≥12 months), and baseline 6MWD (<350 m vs ≥350 m). Patients, parents and caregivers, investigational site personnel, PTC Therapeutics employees, and all other study personnel were masked to group allocation until after database lock. The primary endpoint was change in 6MWD from baseline to week 48. We additionally did a prespecified subgroup analysis of the primary endpoint, based on baseline 6MWD, which is reflective of anticipated rates of disease progression over 1 year. The primary analysis was by intention to treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01826487. FINDINGS: Between March 26, 2013, and Aug 26, 2014, we randomly assigned 230 patients to receive ataluren (n=115) or placebo (n=115); 228 patients comprised the intention-to-treat population. The least-squares mean change in 6MWD from baseline to week 48 was -47·7 m (SE 9·3) for ataluren-treated patients and -60·7 m (9·3) for placebo-treated patients (difference 13·0 m [SE 10·4], 95% CI -7·4 to 33·4; p=0·213). The least-squares mean change for ataluren versus placebo in the prespecified subgroups was -7·7 m (SE 24·1, 95% CI -54·9 to 39·5; p=0·749) in the group with a 6MWD of less than 300 m, 42·9 m (15·9, 11·8-74·0; p=0·007) in the group with a 6MWD of 300 m or more to less than 400 m, and -9·5 m (17·2, -43·2 to 24·2; p=0·580) in the group with a 6MWD of 400 m or more. Ataluren was generally well tolerated and most treatment-emergent adverse events were mild to moderate in severity. Eight (3%) patients (n=4 per group) reported serious adverse events; all except one event in the placebo group (abnormal hepatic function deemed possibly related to treatment) were deemed unrelated to treatment. INTERPRETATION: Change in 6MWD did not differ significantly between patients in the ataluren group and those in the placebo group, neither in the intention-to-treat population nor in the prespecified subgroups with a baseline 6MWD of less than 300 m or 400 m or more. However, we recorded a significant effect of ataluren in the prespecified subgroup of patients with a baseline 6MWD of 300 m or more to less than 400 m. Baseline 6MWD values within this range were associated with a more predictable rate of decline over 1 year; this finding has implications for the design of future DMD trials with the 6-minute walk test as the endpoint. FUNDING: PTC Therapeutics.


Assuntos
Códon sem Sentido/genética , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Oxidiazóis/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Criança , Método Duplo-Cego , Distrofina/deficiência , Distrofina/genética , Saúde Global , Humanos , Masculino , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/genética , Resultado do Tratamento , Caminhada
13.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 58: 34-39, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28450193

RESUMO

Despite corticosteroids being the only treatment documented to improve strength and function in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) corticosteroid prescription is inconsistent and in some countries, corticosteroids are not prescribed. We are conducting a clinical trial that (1) compares the 3 most frequently prescribed corticosteroid regimes; (2) standardizes treatment of DMD complications; and (3) standardizes prevention of corticosteroid side effects. Investigators at 38 sites in 5 countries plan to recruit 300 boys aged 4-7 who are randomly assigned to one of three regimens: daily prednisone; daily deflazacort; or intermittent prednisone (10days on/10days off). Boys are followed for a minimum of 3years to assess the relative effectiveness and adverse event profiles of the different regimens. The primary outcome is a 3-dimensional variable consisting of log-transformed time to rise from the floor, forced vital capacity, and subject/parent satisfaction with treatment, each averaged over all post-baseline visits. The study protocol includes evidence- and consensus-based treatment of DMD complications and of corticosteroid side effects. This study seeks to establish a standard corticosteroid regimen for DMD. Since all new interventions for DMD are being developed as add-on therapies to corticosteroids, defining the optimum regimen is of importance for all new treatments.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Pregnenodionas/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Avaliação da Deficiência , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Testes de Função Cardíaca , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Força Muscular , Satisfação do Paciente , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Pregnenodionas/administração & dosagem , Pregnenodionas/efeitos adversos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Projetos de Pesquisa , Capacidade Vital
14.
J Neuromuscul Dis ; 3(1): 49-66, 2016 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27854209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: GNE Myopathy (GNEM) is a progressive adult-onset myopathy likely caused by deficiency of sialic acid (SA) biosynthesis. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the safety and efficacy of SA (delivered by aceneuramic acid extended-release [Ace-ER]) as treatment for GNEM. METHODS: A Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating Ace-ER 3 g/day or 6 g/day versus placebo was conducted in GNEM subjects (n = 47). After the first 24 weeks, placebo subjects crossed over to 3 g/day or 6 g/day for 24 additional weeks (dose pre-assigned during initial randomization). Assessments included serum SA, muscle strength by dynamometry, functional assessments, clinician- and patient-reported outcomes, and safety. RESULTS: Dose-dependent increases in serum SA levels were observed. Supplementation with Ace-ER resulted in maintenance of muscle strength in an upper extremity composite (UEC) score at 6 g/day compared with placebo at Week 24 (LS mean difference +2.33 kg, p = 0.040), and larger in a pre-specified subgroup able to walk ≥200 m at Screening (+3.10 kg, p = 0.040). After cross-over, a combined 6 g/day group showed significantly better UEC strength than a combined 3 g/day group (+3.46 kg, p = 0.0031). A similar dose-dependent response was demonstrated within the lower extremity composite score, but was not significant (+1.06 kg, p = 0.61). The GNEM-Functional Activity Scale demonstrated a trend improvement in UE function and mobility in a combined 6 g/day group compared with a combined 3 g/day group. Patients receiving Ace-ER tablets had predominantly mild-to-moderate AEs and no serious adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first clinical study to provide evidence that supplementation with SA delivered by Ace-ER may stabilize muscle strength in individuals with GNEM and initiating treatment earlier in the disease course may lead to better outcomes.


Assuntos
Miopatias Distais/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/farmacologia , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/administração & dosagem , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Neurobiol Aging ; 47: 218.e1-218.e9, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27594680

RESUMO

Genetic factors have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM). Sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1) and valosin-containing protein (VCP) are 2 key genes associated with several neurodegenerative disorders but have yet to be thoroughly investigated in sIBM. A candidate gene analysis was conducted using whole-exome sequencing data from 181 sIBM patients, and whole-transcriptome expression analysis was performed in patients with genetic variants of interest. We identified 6 rare missense variants in the SQSTM1 and VCP in 7 sIBM patients (4.0%). Two variants, the SQSTM1 p.G194R and the VCP p.R159C, were significantly overrepresented in this sIBM cohort compared with controls. Five of these variants had been previously reported in patients with degenerative diseases. The messenger RNA levels of major histocompatibility complex genes were upregulated, this elevation being more pronounced in SQSTM1 patient group. We report for the first time potentially pathogenic SQSTM1 variants and expand the spectrum of VCP variants in sIBM. These data suggest that defects in neurodegenerative pathways may confer genetic susceptibility to sIBM and reinforce the mechanistic overlap in these neurodegenerative disorders.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Variação Genética/genética , Miosite de Corpos de Inclusão/genética , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Proteína com Valosina
16.
Muscle Nerve ; 53(5): 717-25, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26852139

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of amifampridine phosphate (Firdapse(®)) for symptomatic treatment in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). METHODS: Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, study. Patients were treated initially with amifampridine phosphate for 7-91 days, followed by randomization to continue amifampridine phosphate for 14 days or placebo (7-day taper, 7-day placebo). The primary efficacy endpoints were changes from baseline at day 14 in Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis and Subject Global Impression scores. RESULTS: The coprimary efficacy end points and 1 of the secondary efficacy end points were met, showing a significant benefit of aminfampridine phosphate over placebo at Day 14. All 5 primary, secondary, and tertiary endpoints achieved statistical significance at Day 8. Amifampridine phosphate was well tolerated; the most common adverse events were oral and digital paresthesias, nausea, and headache. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides Class I evidence of efficacy of amifampridine phosphate as a symptomatic treatment for LEMS.


Assuntos
4-Aminopiridina/análogos & derivados , Síndrome Miastênica de Lambert-Eaton/tratamento farmacológico , Força Muscular , Fosfatos/uso terapêutico , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Potássio/uso terapêutico , 4-Aminopiridina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amifampridina , Canais de Cálcio/imunologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome Miastênica de Lambert-Eaton/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 3(2): 132-45, 2016 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26900585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively assessed putative promising biomarkers for use in assessing infants with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). METHODS: This prospective, multi-center natural history study targeted the enrollment of SMA infants and healthy control infants less than 6 months of age. Recruitment occurred at 14 centers within the NINDS National Network for Excellence in Neuroscience Clinical Trials (NeuroNEXT) Network. Infant motor function scales and putative electrophysiological, protein and molecular biomarkers were assessed at baseline and subsequent visits. RESULTS: Enrollment began November, 2012 and ended September, 2014 with 26 SMA infants and 27 healthy infants enrolled. Baseline demographic characteristics of the SMA and control infant cohorts aligned well. Motor function as assessed by the Test for Infant Motor Performance Items (TIMPSI) and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Infant Test of Neuromuscular Disorders (CHOP-INTEND) revealed significant differences between the SMA and control infants at baseline. Ulnar compound muscle action potential amplitude (CMAP) in SMA infants (1.4 ± 2.2 mV) was significantly reduced compared to controls (5.5 ± 2.0 mV). Electrical impedance myography (EIM) high-frequency reactance slope (Ohms/MHz) was significantly higher in SMA infants than controls SMA infants had lower survival motor neuron (SMN) mRNA levels in blood than controls, and several serum protein analytes were altered between cohorts. INTERPRETATION: By the time infants were recruited and presented for the baseline visit, SMA infants had reduced motor function compared to controls. Ulnar CMAP, EIM, blood SMN mRNA levels, and serum protein analytes were able to distinguish between cohorts at the enrollment visit.

18.
Muscle Nerve ; 54(1): 86-93, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26600317

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In this investigation we characterized the physiological and metabolic responses to incremental exercise in 13 subjects with a predominance of type II fibers on muscle biopsy. METHODS: Subjects underwent incremental exercise testing with measures of maximum oxygen uptake ( V˙O2 max), maximum heart rate (fc max), chronotropic index (fc / V˙O2 slope), maximum ventilation ( V˙emax), blood lactate, ammonia, and creatine kinase (CK) levels. Muscle fiber type was determined by myosin ATPase histochemistry. RESULTS: Muscle biopsies showed more type II fibers (75%) in subjects compared with normal individuals (P < 0.01). Subjects exhibited normal V˙O2 max and end-exercise lactate, whereas ammonia and CK levels at maximum exercise were significantly higher. CONCLUSIONS: Subjects with type II muscle fiber predominance exhibited exaggerated increases in ammonia and elevated CK levels during exercise. Predominance of type II fibers on muscle biopsy is the opposite finding of congenital fiber type disproportion; we suggest these patients be referred to as having "reverse fiber type disproportion." Muscle Nerve 54: 86-93, 2016.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/patologia , Miopatias Congênitas Estruturais/patologia , Miopatias Congênitas Estruturais/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Amônia/sangue , Biópsia , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Troca Gasosa Pulmonar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ventilação
19.
Semin Neurol ; 35(4): 385-97, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26502762

RESUMO

Metabolic myopathies encompass a group of rare disorders arising from defects in glycogen breakdown (glycogenolysis), glucose utilization (glycolysis), fatty acid transport and oxidation, and energy production along the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The authors review the ancillary testing used in the workup of metabolic myopathies and provide a detailed discussion of these individual disorders and how to approach patients suspected to have such diagnoses.


Assuntos
Doenças Metabólicas/complicações , Doenças Musculares/complicações , Humanos , Doenças Metabólicas/genética , Doenças Musculares/genética
20.
Curr Opin Neurol ; 28(5): 542-6, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26280938

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviewed the most recent clinical trials investigating potential treatments for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). In the development of these studies, investigators have encountered unexpected challenges that reveal limitations in our understanding of the clinical trial design for this disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent clinical trials for DMD have revealed limitations in our understanding of the natural history of this disease. As a result of these revelations, there has been a significant effort to document the natural history of Duchenne and develop valid outcome measure that could be used in clinical trials in different subsets of patients. SUMMARY: Treatment for DMD is a rapidly changing field. Some of the drugs that are currently under investigation will receive Food and Drug Administration approval in the near future. These would become part of clinical practice. This article summarizes the different therapeutic approaches under investigation and illustrates the importance of defining sound research methods that are specific to the disease and population under investigation.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Raras/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA