Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 103
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1801, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019993

RESUMO

Non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants (NOACs) have been used to prevent thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and shown favorable clinical outcomes compared with warfarin. However, off-label use of NOACs is frequent in practice, and its clinical results are inconsistent. Furthermore, the quality of anticoagulation available with warfarin is often suboptimal and even inaccurate in real-world data. We have therefore compared the effectiveness and safety of off-label use of NOACs with those of warfarin whose anticoagulant intensity was accurately estimated. We retrospectively analyzed data from 2,659 and 3,733 AF patients at a tertiary referral center who were prescribed warfarin and NOACs, respectively, between 2013 and 2018. NOACs were used at off-label doses in 27% of the NOAC patients. After adjusting for significant covariates, underdosed NOAC (off-label use of the reduced dose) was associated with a 2.5-times increased risk of thromboembolism compared with warfarin, and overdosed NOAC (off-label use of the standard dose) showed no significant difference in either thromboembolism or major bleeding compared with warfarin. Well-controlled warfarin (TTR ≥ 60%) reduced both thromboembolism and bleeding events. In conclusion, the effectiveness of NOACs was decreased by off-label use of the reduced dose.

2.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(2): 120-128, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997620

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is influenced by many factors. Using a contemporary registry, we evaluated variables associated with the use of warfarin or direct oral anticoagulants (OACs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the prospective multicenter CODE-AF registry, 10529 patients with AF were evaluated. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify variables associated with the use of anticoagulants. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 66.9±14.4 years, and 64.9% were men. The mean CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores were 2.6±1.7 and 1.8±1.1, respectively. In patients with high stroke risk (CHA2DS2-VASc ≥2), OACs were used in 83.2%, including direct OAC in 68.8%. The most important factors for non-OAC treatment were end-stage renal disease [odds ratio (OR) 0.27; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.19-0.40], myocardial infarct (OR 0.53; 95% CI: 0.40-0.72), and major bleeding (OR 0.57; 95% CI: 0.39-0.84). Female sex (OR 1.40; 95% CI: 1.21-1.61), cancer (OR 1.78; 95% CI: 1.38-2.29), and smoking (OR 1.60; 95% CI: 1.15-2.24) were factors favoring direct OAC use over warfarin. Among patients receiving OACs, the rate of combined antiplatelet agents was 7.8%. However, 73.6% of patients did not have any indication for a combination of antiplatelet agents. CONCLUSION: Renal disease and history of valvular heart disease were associated with warfarin use, while cancer and smoking status were associated with direct OAC use in high stroke risk patients. The combination of antiplatelet agents with OAC was prescribed in 73.6% of patients without definite indications recommended by guidelines.

3.
Clin Cardiol ; 43(1): 78-85, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Age is a well-established risk factor for thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the mechanism underlying the association between age and thromboembolic events in AF remains unknown. METHODS: The prognostic value of age as a risk factor for thromboembolic events was analyzed using data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS). In a large-scale single-center registry, cardiac hemodynamic parameters were examined to elucidate the cause of increased risk of thromboembolic events in older patients. RESULTS: NHIS sample cohort data including 5896 patients with AF revealed that the risk of thromboembolic complication differed significantly according to age despite equal CHA2 DS2 -VASc score. In the registry of 2801 patients, age showed significant correlations with left atrium (LA) diameter, LA volume, E/e', pulmonary artery pressure, and LA appendage flow velocity. Older patients had a significantly higher prevalence of spontaneous echocontrast (odds ratio [OR] = 1.030; P < .001). Age (OR = 1.031; P < .001), E/e' (OR = 1.065; P = .004), and LA appendage flow velocity (OR = .988; P = .009) were significant predictors for thromboembolic events in multivariate analyses. In data from the NHIS, CHA2 DS2 -VASc score did not outperform age to predict thromboembolic events. CONCLUSIONS: Age is a significant risk factor for thromboembolic events in patients with AF, and old age is associated with adverse cardiac hemodynamics. This study suggests that older patients with AF are at high risk of thromboembolic events regardless of CHA2 DS2 -VASc score.

4.
Korean J Intern Med ; 35(1): 99-108, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31014064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Efforts to reduce stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have focused on increasing physician adherence to oral anticoagulant (OAC) guidelines; however, the high early discontinuation rate of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) is a limitation. Although non-VKA OACs (NOACs) are more convenient to administer than warfarin, their lack of monitoring may predispose patients to nonpersistence. We compared the persistence of NOAC and VKA treatment for AF in real-world practice. METHODS: In a prospective observational registry (COmparison study of Drugs for symptom control and complication prEvention of Atrial Fibrillation [CODE-AF] registry), 7,013 patients with nonvalvular AF (mean age 67.2 ± 10.9 years, women 36.4%) were consecutively enrolled between June 2016 and June 2017 from 10 tertiary hospitals in Korea. This study included 3,381 patients who started OAC 30 days before enrollment (maintenance group) and 572 patients who newly started OAC (new-starter group). The persistence rate of OAC was evaluated. RESULTS: In the maintenance group, persistence to OAC declined during 6 months, to 88.3% for VKA and 95.5% for NOAC (p < 0.0001). However, the persistence rate was not different among NOACs. In the new-starter group, persistence to OAC declined during 6 months, to 78.9% for VKA and 92.1% for NOAC (p < 0.0001). The persistence rate was lower for rivaroxaban (83.7%) than apixaban (94.6%) and edoxaban (94.1%, p < 0.001). In the new-starter group, diabetes, valve disease, and cancer were related to nonpersistence of OAC. CONCLUSION: Nonpersistence was significantly lower with NOAC than VKA in both the maintenance and new-starter groups. In only the new-starter group, apixaban or edoxaban showed higher persistence rates than rivaroxaban.

5.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(1): 68-75, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699363

RESUMO

It is unknown whether heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) carry a similar risk of stroke or systemic embolism (SE) and other outcomes in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). A prospective, multicenter outpatient registry with echocardiographic data which enrolled 10,589 patients from June 2016 to May 2019 was analyzed. In this registry, 935 (8.8%) patients had HF, and the proportions of patients with HFpEF and HFrEF were 43.2% and 56.8%, respectively. During follow-up over 1.33 years, 11 (2.07 per 100 person-years [PYR]) and 5 (0.76 per 100 PYR) patients had stroke/SE in the HFpEF and HFrEF groups, respectively, whereas 102 patients (0.84 per 100 PYR) had these sequelae in the no-HF group. The HFpEF group had a significantly higher cumulative incidence of stroke/SE (p = 0.004) and risk of stroke/SE (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.23, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.19 to 4.18) than the no-HF group. The risk of stroke/SE in the HFpEF group compared with that in the no-HF group was consistently increased even in patients on oral anticoagulation therapy (adjusted HR 2.55, 95% CI 1.31 to 4.96). There was a correlation between larger left atrial size and risk of stroke/SE (adjusted HR 1.53, 95% CI 1.03 to 2.29), but not between reduced left ventricular ejection fraction and this risk. In conclusion, these results suggest that strict oral anticoagulation therapy helps reduce the risk of stroke/SE in patients with nonvalvular AF and HFpEF, especially in those with a larger left atrial size.

6.
J Clin Med ; 8(12)2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766393

RESUMO

The Cockcroft-Gault (CG) formula is recommended to guide clinicians in the choice of the appropriate dosage for direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). However, the performance of the CG formula varies depending on the patient's age, weight, and degree of renal function. We aimed to compare the validity of the CG formula with that of Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formulae for dosing DOACs. A total of 6268 consecutive patients on anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation (AF) were retrospectively investigated. Among underweight and elderly patients, the CG formula underestimated renal function compared with the non-CG formulae. However, the concordant rate of drug indications between the CG and the non-CG formulae was approximately 94%. On-label uses under the three formulae were associated with a lower risk of major bleeding (but not thromboembolism) compared to warfarin. Although we found differences in estimating renal function and the proportions of drug indications between the CG and non-CG formulae, the risks of thromboembolism and major bleeding were similar to those with warfarin regardless of which formula was used.

7.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 5(11): 1253-1261, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753429

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether complete electrical isolation of the left atrial (LA) posterior wall improves the rhythm outcome of catheter ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: Although the STAR AF2 (Substrate and Trigger Ablation for Reduction of Atrial Fibrillation Trial Part II) proved no additional benefit of empirical extra-pulmonary vein (PV) LA ablation, the long-term recurrence rate after circumferential PV isolation (CPVI) alone remains high. METHODS: We randomly assigned 217 patients with persistent AF (83.1% men, age 58.7 ± 10.8 years, 73.3% long-standing persistent AF) to ablation with CPVI alone (CPVI group) or CPVI with a POsterior wall Box Isolation (POBI group). The endpoint of the POBI group was the elimination of the posterior atrial potentials by roof and posterior inferior lines and touch-up focal ablation. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 16.2 ± 8.8 months, the clinical recurrence rate did not significantly differ between the 2 groups (23.8% vs. 26.5%; p = 0.779) in the CPVI and POBI groups. The recurrence rate for atrial tachycardias (16.0% vs. 11.1%; p = 0.913) and cardioversion rates (6.7% vs. 13.7%; p = 0.093) to control clinical recurrences also did not significantly differ between the 2 groups. At the final follow-up, sinus rhythm was maintained without antiarrhythmic drug in 50.5% and 55.9% in the CPVI and POBI groups, respectively (p = 0.522). No significant difference was found in the major complication rates between the 2 groups, but the total ablation time was significantly longer in the POBI group (4,289 ± 1,837 s vs. 5,365 ± 2,358 s; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with persistent AF, an empirical complete POBI did not improve the rhythm outcome of catheter ablation or influence the type of recurrent atrial arrhythmia. (Comparison of Circumferential Pulmonary Vein Isolation Alone Versus Linear Ablation in Addition to Circumferential Pulmonary Vein Isolation for Catheter Ablation in Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial; NCT02721121).

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(21): e012697, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668140

RESUMO

Background Stroke and thromboembolic events may still occur in "clinically low-risk" atrial fibrillation (AF) patients as categorized by CHA2DS2-VASc score. Our aim was to assess the proportion of "clinically low-risk" patients using a nongender CHA2DS2-VASc (ie, CHA2DS2-VA) score of 0 to 1 among patients who experienced AF-associated stroke and to identify markers associated with stroke in "clinically low-risk" patients. Methods and Results We retrospectively recruited nonvalvular AF patients who experienced embolic stroke between 2013 and 2016 from 9 institutes in Korea. AF patients with CHA2DS2-VA score of 0 to 1 at the time of stroke were analyzed and compared with "clinically low-risk" AF patients without stroke. A total of 3033 subjects with AF-associated stroke were recruited. Of these, 583 patients (19.2%) had CHA2DS2-VA score of 0 to 1. On multivariate analysis, age (≥60 years), N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (≥300 pg/mL), creatinine clearance (<50 mL/min), and left atrial dimension (≥45 mm) were independently associated with stroke. With the combined application of these 4 factors (collectively, ABCD score) to the "clinically low-risk" patients, the c-index was 0.858 (95% CI 0.838-0.877; P<0.001). Conclusions The present study suggests a new insight into how additional use of markers can further refine stroke risk differentiation among AF patients initially classified as "clinically low-risk." Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03147911.

9.
Europace ; 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620800

RESUMO

AIMS: Heavy consumption of alcohol is a known risk factor for new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to evaluate the relative importance of frequent drinking vs. binge drinking. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 9 776 956 patients without AF who participated in a national health check-up programme were included in the analysis. The influence of drinking frequency (day per week), alcohol consumption per drinking session (grams per session), and alcohol consumption per week were studied. Compared with patients who drink twice per week (reference group), patients who drink once per week showed the lowest risk [hazard ratio (HR) 0.933, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.916-0.950] and those who drink everyday had the highest risk for new-onset AF (HR 1.412, 95% CI 1.373-1.453), respectively. However, the amount of alcohol intake per drinking session did not present any clear association with new-onset AF. Regardless of whether weekly alcohol intake exceeded 210 g, the frequency of drinking was significantly associated with the risk of new-onset AF. In contrast, when patients were stratified by weekly alcohol intake (210 g per week), those who drink large amounts of alcohol per drinking session showed a lower risk of new-onset AF. CONCLUSION: Frequent drinking and amount of alcohol consumption per week were significant risk factors for new-onset AF, whereas the amount of alcohol consumed per each drinking session was not an independent risk factor. Avoiding the habit of consuming a low but frequent amount of alcohol might therefore be important to prevent AF.

10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 128, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Being obese or underweight, and having diabetes are important risk factors for new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it is unclear whether there is any interaction between body weight and diabetes in regard to development of new-onset AF. We aimed to evaluate the role of body weight status and various stage of diabetes on new-onset AF. METHODS: This was a nationwide population based study using National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) data. A total of 9,797,418 patients who underwent national health check-ups were analyzed. Patients were classified as underweight [body mass index (BMI) < 18.5], normal reference group (18.5 ≤ BMI < 23.0), upper normal (23.0 ≤ BMI < 25.0), overweight (25.0 ≤ BMI < 30.0), or obese (BMI ≥ 30.0) based on BMI. Diabetes were categorized as non-diabetic, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), new-onset diabetes, diabetes < 5 years, and diabetes ≥ 5 years. Primary outcome end point was new-onset AF. New-onset AF was defined as one inpatient or two outpatient records of International Classification of Disease, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes in patients without prior AF diagnosis. RESULTS: During 80,130,161 patient*years follow-up, a total of 196,136 new-onset AF occurred. Obese [hazard ration (HR) = 1.327], overweight (HR = 1.123), upper normal (HR = 1.040), and underweight (HR = 1.055) patients showed significantly increased risk of new-onset AF compared to the normal reference group. Gradual escalation in the risk of new-onset AF was observed along with advancing diabetic stage. Body weight status and diabetes were independently associated with new-onset AF and at the same time, had synergistic effects on the risk of new-onset AF with obese diabetic patients having the highest risk (HR = 1.823). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with obesity, overweight, underweight, and diabetes had significantly increased risk of new-onset AF. Body weight status and diabetes had synergistic effects on the risk of new-onset AF. The risk of new-onset AF increased gradually with advancing diabetic stage. This study suggests that maintaining optimal body weight and glucose homeostasis might prevent new-onset AF.

11.
Europace ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578551

RESUMO

AIMS: The impact of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is not well known. We performed this analysis to evaluate the electrophysiological characteristics of PLSVC and its role in triggering and maintaining AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with AF referred to two tertiary hospitals were screened and patients with PLSVC in pre-RFCA imaging studies were enrolled. Among 3967 patients, PLSVC was present in 36 patients (0.9%). There were four morphological types of PLSVC: type 1, atresia of the right superior vena cava (SVC) (n = 2); type 2A, dual SVCs with an anastomosis between right and left SVCs (n = 15); type 2B, dual SVCs without an anastomosis (n = 16); type 3, PLSVC draining into the left atrium (LA; n = 2); and unclassified in one patient. Thirty-two patients underwent RFCA and electrophysiology study focusing on PLSVC: PLSVC was the trigger of AF in 48.4% of patients and the driver of AF in 46.9% of patients. Cumulatively, PLSVC was a trigger or driver of AF in 22 patients (68.8%). Whether to ablate PLSVC was determined by the results of electrophysiology study, and no significant difference in the late recurrence rate was observed between patients who did and did not have either trigger or driver from PLSVC. CONCLUSION: Pre-RFCA cardiac imaging revealed PLSVC in 0.9% of AF patients. This study demonstrated that PLSVC has an important role in initiating and maintaining AF in substantial proportion of patients. Electrophysiology study focusing on PLSVC can help to decide whether to ablate PLSVC.

12.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597907

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Comparative occurrence of ischemic stroke for rhythm versus rate control strategy in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) is still inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the rhythm control strategy is associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke compared to the rate control strategy in NVAF patients. Methods: The CODE-AF registry prospectively enrolled 6,280 consecutive patients who were treated for NVAF at 10 tertiary referral centers in South Korea. Of these, 2,513 NVAF patients (age, 67 ± 10 years; male, 61.8%) were clinically followed up for over 1-year and divided into rate and rhythm control groups. Results: Those treated with the rhythm control strategy were younger and had less proportions of underlying disease compared to those treated with the rate control strategy. After the propensity matching analysis, those treated with the rhythm control strategy had similar baseline characteristics including the CHA2DS2-VASC score compared to those treated with the rate control strategy. The rate of oral anticoagulation, all bleeding, and hospitalization were also similarly between the two groups. The incidence rate of ischemic stroke in the rhythm control group was significantly lower than in the rate control group (0.7 vs. 6.9 per 1,000 person-years, p = 0.011). Conclusions: The rhythm control strategy demonstrated a beneficial effect to lower the risk of ischemic stroke during a 1-year follow-up compared to the rate control strategy.

13.
Hypertension ; 74(5): e45-e51, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522617

RESUMO

Hypertension and obesity are known risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, it is unclear whether uncontrolled, long-standing hypertension has a particularly profound effect on AF. Because they have a similar underlying pathophysiology, hypertension and obesity could act synergistically in the context of AF. We evaluated how various stages of hypertension and body weight status affect new-onset AF. We analyzed a total of 9 797 418 participants who underwent a national health checkup. Hypertension was classified into 5 stages: nonhypertension, prehypertension, hypertension without medication, hypertension with medication <5 years, and hypertension with medication ≥5 years. The participants were also stratified based on body mass index and waist circumference. During the 80 130 161 person×years follow-up, a total of 196 136 new-onset AF cases occurred. The incidence of new-onset AF gradually increased among the 5 stages of hypertension: the adjusted hazard ratio for each group was 1 (reference), 1.145, 1.390, 1.853, and 2.344 for each stage of hypertension. A graded escalation in the risk of new-onset AF was also observed in response to increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The incidence of new-onset AF correlated with body mass index and waist circumference, with obese people having a higher risk than others. Hypertension and obesity acted synergistically: obese people with hypertension on medication ≥5 years had the highest risk of AF. In conclusion, the degree and duration of hypertension, as well as the presence of hypertension, were important factors for new-onset AF. Body weight status was significantly associated with new-onset AF and acted synergistically with hypertension.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Pré-Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idade de Início , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pré-Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , República da Coreia , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores de Tempo , Circunferência da Cintura
14.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(11): 2209-2216, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502330

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Risk factors of embolic stroke (ES) after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation have not been fully elucidated especially among the Asian subjects, particularly regarding epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) in cardiac imaging. We aimed to assess the incidence of ES during a long-term follow-up period after AF ablation and to identify the risk factors associated with postablation ES, specifically focusing on EAT. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled patients who experienced postablation ES and control subjects from a consortium of AF ablation registries from three institutes in Korea. EAT was assessed using multislice computed tomography before AF ablation. A total of 3464 patients who underwent AF ablation were recruited and followed-up. During a follow-up of 47.2 ± 36.4 months, ES occurred in 47 patients (1.36%) with a CHA2 DS2 -VASc score of 1.48 ± 1.39 and the overall annual incidence of ES was 0.34%. Compared with the control group (n = 190), the ES group showed significantly higher prior thromboembolism (TE) and AF recurrence rates, larger left atrium size, lower creatinine clearance rate (CCr), and greater total and peri-atrial EAT volume. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated larger peri-atrial EAT volume (hazards ratio, 1.065; 95% confidence interval, 1.005-1.128), in addition to a prior history of TE and lower CCr, was independently associated with postablation ES. When a cut-off value of peri-atrial EAT volume of ≥20.15 mL was applied, patients with smaller peri-atrial EAT volume showed significantly higher ES-free survival. CONCLUSION: Larger peri-atrial EAT volume, in addition to prior TE and lower CCr, was independently associated with postablation ES regardless of AF recurrence and CHA2 DS2 -VASc score. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03479073).

15.
Radiology ; 292(3): 575-582, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310173

RESUMO

Background Electrophysiology studies have demonstrated that left atrial late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) is associated with the chronicity of atrial fibrillation (AF). To date, cardiac MRI has been used to assess the extent of atrial LGE but not the distribution pattern of LGE in the left atrium. Purpose To determine whether the MRI pattern of left atrial fibrosis is associated with the chronicity of AF. Materials and Methods This retrospective study included patients with AF who underwent LGE MRI between June 2017 and May 2018. The presence of left atrial LGE was assessed at nine left atrial segments; the extent was determined by the number of segments involved. According to the chronicity of AF, patients were separated into paroxysmal AF (PAF) and persistent AF (PeAF) groups. The location and extent of left atrial LGE were compared between PAF and PeAF by using the χ2 test and logistic regression analysis. Results Of the 195 patients (mean age, 55 years ± 10 [standard deviation], 161 men), 74 (38%) had PAF and 121 (62%) had PeAF. Of all patients, 114 (58.4%) had at least one left atrial LGE segment. The mean number of LGE segments was higher (1.4 ± 1.1 vs 0.6 ± 0.7, P = .002) in the PeAF group than in the PAF group. The incidence of LGE at the left inferior pulmonary vein (LIPV) antrum was higher in the PeAF group than in the PAF group (39.2% [29 of 74] vs 7.4% [nine of 121]; P < .001). In multivariable analysis, LGE at the LIPV antrum was independently associated with PeAF (odds ratio = 4.2; 95% confidence interval: 1.7, 10.5; P < .001). Conclusion The presence of fibrosis assessed with late gadolinium enhancement MRI of the left inferior pulmonary vein antrum was associated with persistent atrial fibrillation. © RSNA, 2019 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Almeida in this issue.

17.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 42(8): 1086-1094, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefits of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for the prevention of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) are well established. However, a significant knowledge gap remains regarding current indications and utilization of ICDs in real-world settings in Asia. METHODS: Patients who underwent ICD implantation in South Korea from 2007 to 2015 were identified using the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database. We investigated trends in use of ICD for the prevention of SCA. RESULTS: A total of 4649 ICDs were implanted during 9 years. ICDs were implanted in 1448 (31.2%) patients for primary prevention and in 3201 (68.8%) for secondary prevention. The proportion of ICDs for primary prevention increased from 6.1% in 2007 to 41.9% in 2015. Primary prevention was more frequent in older (≥40 years) recipients (34.4% vs. 14.6%, P < .0001). The rates of ICD implantation for primary prevention were highest for nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (55.1%) and lowest (9.7%) for inherited primary arrhythmia syndrome (IPAS). CONCLUSION: Our data showed a trend of progressively increasing rates of ICD implantation in Asia, especially for primary prevention of SCA. Primary prevention as an indication for ICD in patients with IPAS remained low.

18.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 6890, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053744

RESUMO

The benefits of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) significantly decrease with late recurrence (LR). We aimed to develop a scoring system to identify patients at high and low risk for LR following RFCA, based on a comprehensive evaluation of multiple risk factors for AF recurrence, including echocardiographic parameters. We studied 2,352 patients with AF undergoing first-time RFCA in a single institution. The LR-free survival rate up to 5 years was measured using a Kaplan-Meier analysis. The influence of clinical and echocardiographic parameters on LR was calculated with a Cox-regression analysis. Duration of AF ≥4 years (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.75; p < 0.001), non-paroxysmal AF (HR = 3.18; p < 0.001), and diabetes (HR = 1.34; p = 0.015) were associated with increased risk of LR. Left atrial (LA) diameter ≥45 mm (HR = 2.42; p < 0.001), E/e' ≥ 10 (HR = 1.44; p < 0.001), dense SEC (HR = 3.30; p < 0.001), and decreased LA appendage flow velocity (≤40 cm/sec) (HR = 2.35; p < 0.001) were echocardiographic parameters associated with increased risk of LR following RFCA. The LR score based on the aforementioned risk factors could be used to predict LR (area under curve = 0.717) and to stratify the risk of LR (HR = 1.45 per 1 point increase in the score; p < 0.001). In conclusion, LR after RFCA is affected by multiple clinical and echocardiographic parameters. This study suggests that combining these multiple risk factors enables the identification of patients with AF at high or low risk for having arrhythmia recurrence.

19.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 7051, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065030

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is a great challenge for electrophysiologists. We performed this retrospective study to evaluate clinical and echocardiographic characteristics associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke following RFCA. A total of 2,352 consecutive patients with AF who underwent first-time RFCA were analyzed. Among 10,023 patient*year follow up, ischemic stroke occurred in 49 patients (0.49% per year). Late recurrence after last RFCA was significantly associated with ischemic stroke (3.8% vs. 12.9%, p < 0.001). Old age (≥60 years old) (3.2% vs. 15.4%, p = 0.001), non-paroxysmal AF (hazard ratio = 1.91, p = 0.024), left atrium (LA) size ≥45.0 mm (6.6% vs. 11.7%, p < 0.001), E over E' ≥10 (4.3% vs. 20.1%, p < 0.001), dense spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) (5.2% vs. 19.0%, p = 0.006), and decreased left atrial appendage (LAA) flow velocity (≤40 cm/sec) (4.1% vs. 10.8%, p < 0.001) were also associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke. The REVEEAL score derived from the risk factors identified in this study was superior to CHA2DS2-VASc score (p < 0.001) for the prediction of ischemic stroke. In conclusion, the risk factors for ischemic stroke in post-RFCA AF patients are not identical to RFCA naive AF patients and different approach to stratify the risk of ischemic stroke is needed.

20.
Korean J Radiol ; 20(5): 695-708, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993921

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia associated with the risk of morbidity and mortality in clinical patients. AF is considered as an arrhythmia type that develops and progresses through close connection with cardiac structural arrhythmogenic substrates. Since the introduction of catheter ablation-mediated electrical isolation of arrhythmogenic substrates, cardiac imaging indicates improved treatment outcome and prognosis with appropriate candidate selection, ablation catheter guidance, and post-ablation follow-up. Currently, cardiac computed tomography (CCT) and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging are essential in the case management of AF at both pre-and post-procedural stages of catheter ablation. In this review, we discuss the roles and technical considerations of CCT and CMR imaging in the management of patients with AF undergoing catheter ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA