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1.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009075

RESUMO

AIM: The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident dramatically changed the lifestyle of residents who lived near the plant. We evaluated the association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with specific lifestyle- and disaster-related factors in residents following the accident. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 20,920 residents who underwent both the Comprehensive Health Check and the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 to March 2012. Associations between MetS and lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including psychological distress (post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), were estimated using logistic regression analysis, adjusted for demographic and lifestyle factors, in 2019. RESULTS: MetS was present in 30.4% of men and 11.5% of women. There were significant differences in smoking, drinking status, and PTSD prevalence between subjects with and without MetS. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age, quitting smoking, light to moderate drinking, and low physical activity were significantly associated with MetS. Moreover, PTSD was also significantly associated with MetS in women. CONCLUSIONS: Lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including PTSD, were associated with MetS among subjects who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18486, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895781

RESUMO

We have been examining the Comprehensive Health Check of the Fukushima Health Management Survey of residents of 13 municipalities who were forced by the government to evacuate due to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). Our findings showed that evacuation is a risk factor for polycythemia and suggested that experiencing an unprecedented disaster and exposure to chronic stress due to evacuation might be a cause of polycythemia.We analyzed the relationship between the prevalence of polycythemia and the following factors observed in the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey in an observational study with a cross-sectional design: traumatic symptoms, depression status, socioeconomic factors such as residential environment, and working situation after the GEJE. Target population of the survey included men and women who were at least 15 years of age and who lived in the evacuation zones specified by the government. Participants analyzed consisted of 29,474 persons (12,379 men and 16,888 women) who had participated in both the 2011 Comprehensive Health Check and Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 through March 2012.The prevalence of polycythemia was not associated with mental states associated with traumatic symptoms (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Scale ≥ 44) and depression status (Kessler 6-item Scale ≥ 13). Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that there was a tendency for males to develop polycythemia, with characteristics such as being aged 65 years and older, highly educated, obese (body mass index ≥ 25), hypertensive, diabetic, having liver dysfunction, and a smoker being significantly related to the prevalence of polycythemia.Our findings conclusively demonstrated that polycythemia was not significantly related to psychological factors, but was significantly related to the onset of lifestyle-related disease after the GEJE.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Policitemia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causalidade , Comorbidade , Terremotos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Policitemia/etiologia , Policitemia/psicologia , Prevalência , Tsunamis , Adulto Jovem
4.
Circ J ; 84(2): 203-216, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although full-volume quantification of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a predictor of LV diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), how localized EAT depots are linked to LVDD remains unclear. We evaluated the effect of local EAT depots on LV diastolic function parameters in patients with preserved LV ejection fraction (LVEF).Methods and Results:From 423 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac CT angiography, we recruited 252 with sinus rhythm and normal LVEF. The EAT volume index (EATV/body surface area) and the localized EAT thickness around the right coronary artery (EATRCA), left anterior descending artery (EATLAD), left circumflex artery (EATLCX), right ventricle (EATRV), left ventricle (EATLV), right atrium (EATRA), and left atrium (EATLA) were measured using cardiac CT. In the LVDD group (n=71), the EATV index (75±30 vs. 64±28 mL/m2, P=0.010), EATLCX(10.7±3.8 vs. 9.4±3.4 mm, P=0.008), and EATLV(2.6±1.6 vs. 2.1±1.4 mm, P=0.024) were greater than in the non-LVDD group (n=181). In contrast, EATLCXand EATLVwere markedly associated with decreased lateral e' and increased lateral E/e'. Multiple regression analysis indicated that EATLCXand EATLVwere strongly associated with LV diastolic function parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Localized EAT depots are linked to altered mitral annular motion. Further study is warranted to clarify whether localized EAT depots are functionally linked to the clinical manifestations of LVDD.

5.
Nutrients ; 12(1)2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906499

RESUMO

: Cardiometabolic risks were increasing in Fukushima residents after the Great East Japan Earthquake. We examined the association between dietary patterns and cardiometabolic risks in those aged ≥16 years. Dietary patterns were derived by principal component analysis for participants who underwent at least one diet assessment using a short-form food frequency questionnaire during 2011-2013 and a health checkup in 2014 and 2015 (n = 15,409 and 14,999, respectively). In 2014, the adjusted prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) in the highest versus lowest quartile of accumulative mean scores were 0.97 (0.96-0.99) for overweight/obesity, 0.96 (0.95-0.97) for total cholesterol (TC) ≥220 mg/dL, 0.96 (0.95-0.98) for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥140 mg/dL, and 0.97 (0.96-0.99) for triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL for a vegetable diet and 1.03 (1.01-1.04) for TC ≥220 mg/dL and 1.02 (1.01-1.04) for LDL-C ≥140 mg/dL for a juice/milk diet. In 2015, we found consistently significant associations for the vegetable and juice/milk diets, and the PR and 95% CI were 0.99 (0.98-1.00) for HDL-C <40 mg/dL for a meat diet. The continuous promotion of the vegetable pattern diet is necessary to reduce cardiometabolic risks, particularly dyslipidemia, in Japan.

6.
Vascul Pharmacol ; 124: 106632, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759113

RESUMO

Diabetic patients have coagulation abnormalities, in which thrombin plays a key role. Whereas accumulating evidence suggests that it also contributes to the development of vascular dysfunction through the activation of protease-activated receptors (PARs). Here we investigated whether the blockade of thrombin attenuates endothelial dysfunction in diabetic mice. Induction of diabetes by streptozotocin (STZ) increased the expression of PAR1, PAR3, and PAR4 in the aorta. STZ-induced diabetic mice showed impairment of endothelial function, while the administration of dabigatran etexilate, a direct thrombin inhibitor, significantly attenuated endothelial dysfunction in diabetic mice with no alteration of metabolic parameters including blood glucose level. Dabigatran did not affect endothelium-independent vasodilation. Dabigatran decreased the expression of inflammatory molecules (e.g., MCP-1 and ICAM-1) in the aorta of diabetic mice. Thrombin increased the expression of these inflammatory molecules and the phosphorylation of IκBα, and decreased the phosphorylation of eNOSSer1177 in human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVEC). Thrombin significantly impaired the endothelium-dependent vascular response of aortic rings obtained from wild-type mice. Inhibition of NF-κB attenuated thrombin-induced inflammatory molecule expression in HUVEC and ameliorated thrombin-induced endothelial dysfunction in aortic rings. Dabigatran attenuated the development of diabetes-induced endothelial dysfunction. Thrombin signaling may serve as a potential therapeutic target in diabetic condition.

7.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 27(1): 8-10, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666438
8.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 17(1): 30, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796050

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Left ventricular (LV) wall thickness can be measured at the posterior wall (PW) and the intraventricular septum (IVS) in a parasternal long axis view by transthoracic echocardiography. Thus, there are three methods to calculate relative wall thickness as follows: RWTPW = 2 × PWth/LVDd; RWTIVS + PW = (IVSth + PWth) /LVDd; and RWTIVS = 2 × IVSth/LVDd (IVSth = interventricular septum thickness; LVDd = LV internal dimension at end--diastole; PWth = posterior wall thickness). The aim was to compare the prognostic values of these RWTs in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). METHOD: This was a single-center, retrospective, observational study at a Japanese community hospital. A total of 389 hospitalized ADHF patients were divided into two groups based on the three median RWT values. The primary outcome was all-cause death. Survival analysis was performed, and Cox proportional hazard models unadjusted and adjusted by Get With The Guideline score were used. RESULTS: High-RWTPW had poor survival (log-rank, P = 0.009) and was a significant risk (unadjusted HR (95%CI), 1.72 (1.14-2.61), P = 0.01; adjusted HR, 1.95 (1.28-2.98), P = 0.02). High-RWTIVS + PW was not associated with poor survival on survival analysis or the unadjusted Cox model. Only the adjusted Cox model showed that High-RWTIVS + PW was associated with a significant risk of the primary outcome (unadjusted HR (95%CI), 1.45 (0.96-2.17), P = 0.07; adjusted HR, 1.53 (1.01-2.32), P = 0.045). High-RWTIVS did not have significant prognostic value. CONCLUSIONS: When calculating RWT, RWTPW should be recommended for evaluating the mortality risk in ADHF.

9.
Heart Lung Circ ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enzyme biomarkers-such as creatine phosphokinase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase-are associated with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) severity and, therefore, have a prognostic value in ADHF. However, the prognostic value of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of LDH in ADHF. METHODS: This single-centre observational retrospective study enrolled 396 patients with ADHF between June 2014 and July 2016. The patients were categorised into groups based on the tertile values of serum LDH (LDH-low [<196 U/L], LDH-intermediate [196≤ LDH <239 U/L] and LDH-high [LDH ≥239 U/L]). Survival analysis for all-cause mortality was performed. This study also examined the ability of adding log-transformed LDH (LogLDH) on Get With The Guideline score, which is an established risk score to predict 90-day, 180-day and 365-day mortality using time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: During the follow-up (median, 204 days), 100 (25%) patients died. The LDH-intermediate and LDH-high groups had worse survival (LDH-low vs LDH-intermediate, log-rank p=0.019; LDH-low vs LDH-high, log-rank p<0.001). Log LDH improved the ability to predict 90-day, 180-day and 365-day all-cause mortality, which was statistically significant (90 days, area under curve [AUC] = 0.79, p=0.012; 180 days, AUC = 0.79, p=0.017; and 365 days, AUC = 0.79, p=0.025). CONCLUSIONS: Lactate dehydrogenase may be an important predictor of 90-day, 180-day and 365-day all-cause mortality in ADHF patients; however, further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

10.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inadequate blood pressure control is one of the important causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD), but only a limited number of reports have examined blood pressure control in Japanese patients with pre-dialysis CKD. Differences in blood pressure control due to underlying renal disease in pre-dialysis patients with CKD were investigated in the present study using the baseline data of the Fukushima CKD cohort study. METHODS: The study involved 1351 CKD patients, classified by underlying disease of primary renal disease, hypertensive nephropathy, diabetic nephropathy, other nephropathies, or unknown. Target blood pressure of CKD patients was defined as < 130/80 mmHg in patients under 75 years old with diabetes and/or proteinuria, and < 140/90 mmHg in other patients. RESULTS: The achievement rate of target systolic blood pressure was lower in the diabetic and hypertensive nephropathy groups than in the primary renal disease group (33.3%, 46.0% vs. 68.1%, p < 0.001). However, the number of antihypertensive medications increased in the diabetic and hypertensive nephropathy groups compared to the primary renal disease group (2.16, 2.04 vs. 1.55, p < 0.001). Inadequate blood pressure control was independently related to the underlying renal disease, with a significant difference between diabetic nephropathy and primary renal disease (odds ratio 3.19; 95% confidence interval, 2.16-4.69; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study showed that blood pressure control differs by the underlying renal disease. Blood pressure control was poor especially in diabetic nephropathy despite multidrug combination antihypertensive treatment. It is necessary to verify whether strict blood pressure control improves patients' prognosis in diabetic nephropathy.

11.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 158, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, is reported to reduce the level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). The underlying mechanism of this effect and effect on lipid metabolism however remains uncertain. AIM AND METHODS: We therefore evaluate the effects of anagliptin on lipid metabolism-related markers compared with those of sitagliptin. The study was a secondary analysis using data obtained from the Randomized Evaluation of Anagliptin versus Sitagliptin On low-density lipoproteiN cholesterol in diabetes (REASON) trial. This trial in patients with type 2 diabetes at a high risk of cardiovascular events and on statin therapy showed that anagliptin reduced LDL-C levels to a greater extent than sitagliptin. Cholesterol absorption (campesterol and sitosterol) and synthesis (lathosterol) markers were measured at baseline and 52 weeks in the study cohort (n = 353). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the changes of campesterol or sitosterol between the two treatment groups (p = 0.85 and 0.55, respectively). Lathosterol concentration was increased significantly at 52 weeks with sitagliptin treatment (baseline, 1.2 ± 0.7 µg/mL vs. 52 weeks, 1.4 ± 1.0 µg/mL, p = 0.02), whereas it did not change in the anagliptin group (baseline, 1.3 ± 0.8 µg/mL vs. 52 weeks, 1.3 ± 0.7 µg/mL, p = 0.99). The difference in absolute change between the two groups showed a borderline significance (p = 0.06). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that anagliptin reduces LDL-C level by suppressing excess cholesterol synthesis, even in combination with statin therapy. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT02330406. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02330406; registered January 5, 2015.

12.
Eur J Nutr ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506767

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and flaxseed oil (FO) contain a variety of constituents beneficial for chronic inflammation and cardio-metabolic derangement. However, little is known about the impact of EVOO and FO on dysbiosis of gut microbiota, intestinal immunity, and barrier. We, therefore, aimed to assess the impact of EVOO and FO on gut microbiota, mucosal immunity, barrier integrity, and metabolic health in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6 J mice were exposed to a low-fat (LF), lard (HF), high fat-extra virgin olive oil (HF-EVOO), or high fat-flaxseed oil (HF-FO) diet for 10 weeks. Gut microbiota assessment was undertaken using 16S rRNA sequencing. Levels of mRNA for genes involved in intestinal inflammation and barrier maintenance in the intestine and bacterial infiltration in the liver were measured by qPCR. RESULTS: HF-EVOO or HF-FO mice showed greater diversity in gut microbiota as well as a lower abundance of the Firmicutes phylum in comparison with HF mice (P < 0.05). The qPCR analyses revealed that mRNA level of FoxP3, a transcription factor, and IL-10, an inducer of regulatory T cells, was significantly elevated in the intestines of mice-fed HF-EVOO in comparison with mice-fed HF (P < 0.05). The mRNA level of the antimicrobial peptide, RegӀӀӀγ, was markedly elevated in the intestines of HF-EVOO and HF-FO compared with HF group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the consumption of EVOO or FO can beneficially impact gut microbiota, enhance gut immunity, and assist in the preservation of metabolic health in mice.

14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 11206, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371788

RESUMO

Activated factor X (FXa) plays a central role in the coagulation cascade, while it also mediates vascular function through activation of protease-activated receptors (PARs). Here, we examined whether inhibition of FXa by rivaroxaban, a direct FXa inhibitor, attenuates endothelial dysfunction in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. Induction of diabetes increased the expression of a major FXa receptor, PAR2, in the aorta (P < 0.05). Administration of rivaroxaban (10 mg/kg/day) to diabetic wild-type (WT) mice for 3 weeks attenuated endothelial dysfunction as determined by acetylcholine-dependent vasodilation compared with the control (P < 0.001), without alteration of blood glucose level. Rivaroxaban promoted eNOSSer1177 phosphorylation in the aorta (P < 0.001). Induction of diabetes to PAR2-deficient (PAR2-/-) mice did not affect endothelial function and eNOSSer1177 phosphorylation in the aorta compared with non-diabetic PAR2-/- mice. FXa or a PAR2 agonist significantly impaired endothelial function in aortic rings obtained from WT mice, but not in those from PAR2-/- mice. FXa promoted JNK phosphorylation (P < 0.01) and reduced eNOSSer1177 phosphorylation (P < 0.05) in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC). FXa-induced endothelial dysfunction in aortic rings (P < 0.001) and eNOSSer1177 phosphorylation (P < 0.05) in HCAEC were partially ameliorated by a JNK inhibitor. Rivaroxaban ameliorated diabetes-induced endothelial dysfunction. Our results suggest that FXa or PAR2 is a potential therapeutic target.

16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8210, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160664

RESUMO

Although many studies that have examined the relationship of type and amount of food and the frequency of eating with new onset of diabetes, there are few reports on the relationship between how meals are eaten, such as skipping breakfast, snacking or food ingestion speed, and the onset of diabetes. We investigated the relationship between eating speed, as well as other eating habits such as snacking and skip breakfast, and new onset of diabetes in a nation-wide Japanese cohort. We obtained data from the nation-wide annual health check program in Japan. In 197,825 participants without diabetes in 2008, questionnaires recorded data on the diet habits (eating speed, snack after supper or before sleep, and skipping breakfast) and unadjusted and multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models were used to measure the odds ratio of new-onset diabetes mellitus in a 3-year follow up. The proportion of fast eaters, those who snack after supper, snack before sleep, and skip breakfast was higher in the new-onset diabetes group than in the group who did not develop diabetes mellitus. As compared with the non-fast eater group, fast eaters were generally younger, had higher BMI, had more weight gain from 20 years onwards, and experienced frequent weight fluctuations of ≥3 kg within 1 year. The risk of fast eaters developing diabetes mellitus remained even after correction for multiple factors including age, body weight, rate of weight change, blood pressure, smoking, and alcohol consumption. No other eating habits were independent predictors for onset of diabetes mellitus. Results show that fast eating is a sole predisposing factor among eating habits for new-onset diabetes. Future studies were warranted to evaluate whether avoidance of fast eating is beneficial for prevention of diabetes mellitus.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8537, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189978

RESUMO

Additional reductions in low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) via antidiabetic therapies should be considered in statin-using patients with sub-optimal LDL-C levels. We compared the efficacy of anagliptin and sitagliptin, two antidiabetic therapies, in reducing LDL-C in type 2 diabetic patients. A randomized, open-label, parallel-group trial was conducted at 17 centres in Japan between April 2015 and January 2018. Adults (age ≥20 years) with type 2 diabetes, any atherosclerotic vascular lesions, and statin prescriptions were included. Anagliptin or sitagliptin were administered for 52 weeks. Primary and secondary endpoints were changes in LDL-C and haemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) levels, respectively. We assessed the superiority (primary endpoint) and non-inferiority (secondary endpoint) of anagliptin over sitagliptin. This study was registered at Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02330406). Of 380 participants, 353 were eligible and randomized. Mean participant age was 68 years, and 61% were males. Baseline median LDL-C and HbA1c were 108 mg/dL and 6.9%, respectively. Changes in LDL-C were -3.7 mg/dL with anagliptin and +2.1 mg/dL with sitagliptin at 52 weeks, and the estimated treatment difference was a significant -4.5 mg/dL (P = 0.01 for superiority). Changes in HbA1c were +0.02% with anagliptin and +0.12% with sitagliptin (P < 0.0001 for non-inferiority). Overall, anagliptin was superior to sitagliptin in lowering LDL-C without deteriorating HbA1c.

18.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(7): e010860, 2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30905257

RESUMO

Background Toll-like receptor ( TLR ) 9 recognizes bacterial DNA , activating innate immunity, whereas it also provokes inflammation in response to fragmented DNA released from mammalian cells. We investigated whether TLR 9 contributes to the development of vascular inflammation and atherogenesis using apolipoprotein E-deficient ( Apoe -/-) mice. Methods and Results Tlr9-deficient Apoe -/- ( Tlr9 -/- Apoe -/-) mice and Apoe -/- mice on a Western-type diet received subcutaneous angiotensin II infusion (1000 ng/kg per minute) for 28 days. Angiotensin II increased the plasma level of double-stranded DNA, an endogenous ligand of TLR 9, in these mice. Genetic deletion or pharmacologic blockade of TLR 9 in angiotensin II-infused Apoe -/- mice attenuated atherogenesis in the aortic arch ( P<0.05), reduced the accumulation of lipid and macrophages in atherosclerotic plaques, and decreased RNA expression of inflammatory molecules in the aorta with no alteration of metabolic parameters. On the other hand, restoration of TLR 9 in bone marrow in Tlr9 -/- Apoe -/- mice promoted atherogenesis in the aortic arch ( P<0.05). A TLR 9 agonist markedly promoted proinflammatory activation of Apoe -/- macrophages, partially through p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. In addition, genomic DNA extracted from macrophages promoted inflammatory molecule expression more effectively in Apoe -/- macrophages than in Tlr9 -/- Apoe -/- macrophages. Furthermore, in humans, circulating double-stranded DNA in the coronary artery positively correlated with inflammatory features of coronary plaques determined by optical coherence tomography in patients with acute myocardial infarction ( P<0.05). Conclusions TLR 9 plays a pivotal role in the development of vascular inflammation and atherogenesis through proinflammatory activation of macrophages. TLR 9 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.

19.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 2813, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808962

RESUMO

The Framingham Risk Score (FRS) has been reported to predict coronary heart disease (CHD), but its assessment has been unsuccessful in Asian population. We aimed to assess FRS and Suita score (a Japanese CHD prediction model) in a Japanese nation-wide annual health check program, participants aged 40-79 years were followed up longitudinally from 2008 to 2011. Of 35,379 participants analyzed, 1,234 had new-onset CHD. New-onset CHD was observed in diabetic men [6.00%], non-diabetic men [3.96%], diabetic women [5.51%], and non-diabetic women [2.86%], respectively. Area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for CHD prediction were consistently low in Suita score (TC), FRS (TC) and NCEP-ATPIII FRS (TC), suggesting that these scores have only a limited power. ROC, net reclassification improvement (NRI), integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), and decision curve analysis (DCA) and Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test did not show clear differences between Suita score (TC) and FRS (TC). New models combining waist circumference ≥85 cm in men or proteinuria ≥1+ in women to Suita score (TC) was superior in diabetic men and women. New models could be useful to predict 3-year risk of CHD at least in Japanese population especially in diabetic population.

20.
Circ J ; 83(3): 576-583, 2019 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30606941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) triggers platelet aggregation and platelet markers are associated with the severity of AHF. The present study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of platelet count (PLT) in patients with AHF. Methods and Results: This single-center retrospective observational study analyzed 425 consecutive patients with AHF. The patients were divided into groups based on tertiles of PLT: low (PLT1 <170,000/µL), intermediate (170,000/µL≤PLT<230,000/µL), and high (PLT3 ≥230,000/µL). The endpoint was all-cause death with a composite endpoint of all-cause death and HF rehospitalization. Survival analysis was performed, and Cox proportional hazard models adjusted by an established risk score (Get With The Guidelines score) were generated. The PLT1 group had the worst survival for all-cause death (log-rank, P=0.003) and the composite endpoint (P=0.009). A significant trend of increasing survival was observed for all-cause death (log-rank trend, P<0.001) and the composite endpoint (P=0.002) in the following order: PLT1, PLT2, and PLT3. Adjusted Cox proportional hazard models demonstrated that low PLT was a risk factor of all-cause death and the composite endpoint. CONCLUSIONS: Low PLT was associated with risk for all-cause death and HF rehospitalization in patients with AHF.

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