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1.
Braz J Anesthesiol ; 2021 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infraclavicular brachial plexus nerve block is a commonly performed anesthesiology technique in the upper extremity. Local anesthetics may be administered at different temperatures for both neuraxial and peripheral nerve blocks. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the temperature of the local anesthetic at the time of administration on the onset and duration of sensory and motor blocks in infraclavicular brachial plexus nerve block. METHODS: A total of 80 patients undergoing elective upper extremity surgery were randomly assigned to one of the following groups using a computer-based randomization software; low temperature (4 °C) (Group L, n = 26), room temperature (25 °C) (Group R, n = 27) and warmed (37 °C) (Group W, n = 27). A 1:1 mixture of 2% lidocaine and 0.5% bupivacaine was used as local anesthetic. Infraclavicular brachial plexus nerve block was performed under ultrasound guidance in all patients preoperatively. The onset and duration of sensory and motor blocks were recorded. RESULTS: Each group had different onset of motor (p < 0.001) and sensory (p < 0.001) blocks. The duration of motor block was similar between groups (p = 221). However, a significant difference was found in the duration of sensory block between group L (399.1 ± 40.8 min) and group R (379.6 ± 27.6 min) (p = 0.043). There was no complication related to nerve block procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The administration of the local anesthetic at lower temperatures may prolong the onset of both motor and sensory blocks in infraclavicular brachial plexus nerve block.

2.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 31, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extended excision of the permeation organ neighborhood is often performed in locally invasive colon cancer, and it is reported to have a survival benefit. In addition, some cases of secondary lymph node metastases in a permeation organ were reported. However, they are reports of synchronous secondary lymph node metastases, not metachronous secondary lymph node metastases. To the best of our knowledge, there are no cases of metachronous secondary lymph node metastases after the resection of a primary colorectal cancer in PubMed. CASE PRESENTATION: The case was a 67-year-old man who underwent colonoscopy because of weight loss. Sigmoid colon cancer with all circumference-related stenosis was found by examination, and the patient was transferred to our hospital for the purpose of scrutiny and treatment. The small intestine ileus caused by the invasion of sigmoid colon cancer developed after the transfer. Laparoscopic high anterior resection and extended excision of small intestine segmental resection was performed after the intestinal tract decompression with a nasal ileus tube. Histopathological analysis revealed a pathological diagnosis of pT4b (ileal submucosal invasion) N0 (0/11) M0 f Stage II, tub2, ly1, v2, PN0. Although adjuvant chemotherapy with capecitabine after the operation was planned for half a year, treatment was suspended in the first course by the patient's self-judgment. No recurrence was observed for a year after the operation, but metastasis recurrence in the para-aortic lymph node was found by a computed tomography (CT) one and a half years after the operation. 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography revealed that FDG was accumulated only in the para-aortic lymph node. Laparoscopic metastasis lymphadenectomy was performed due to the diagnosis of metachronous metastasis to the para-aortic lymph node alone. Intraoperative findings revealed that lymph node metastasis occurred in the mesentery of the ileum. No adjuvant treatment was done after the secondary operation, and he is still alive with no recurrence 1 year and 9 months after the operation. CONCLUSIONS: We report a rare case of a laparoscopic resection of a metachronous secondary lymph node metastasis in the mesentery of the ileum after surgery for sigmoid colon cancer with ileum invasion.

3.
Asian J Anesthesiol ; 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extended-release local anesthetics allow for prolonged analgesia after a single administration. Although Asians demonstrate different pain thresholds than Caucasians, whether they have different postoperative local anesthetic analgesic effects has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the postoperative analgesic efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine on Asian and Caucasian adults, and the incidence of local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) syndrome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, assessor-blinded cohort study of adult patients who received liposomal bupivacaine for surgery between 2012 and 2018. Asians and Caucasians were matched in a 1:1 ratio by clinical characteristics and surgery type. The primary outcome was pain management, defined as average pain score and opioid consumption during the initial 72 postoperative hours. The secondary outcome was the incidence of LAST syndrome. Reviewers were blinded to the ethnicity of the patient. RESULTS: After 1:1 propensity score matching, 130 Asians and 129 Caucasians were analyzed. All confounding variables were balanced, except for higher body mass index in the Asian group. Pain scores were lower (adjusted mean difference of -0.50 [97.5% CI, -0.98, -0.01]; superiority p = 0.011) and opioid consumption was not greater (geometric means ratio, 0.61 [97.5% CI, 0.36, 1.04]; non-inferiority p < 0.001) in Asian patients compared to Caucasian patients. Only one Caucasian patient was judged as having a potential case of LAST syndrome. The length of hospital stay and the incidence of additional complications were not different between the groups. CONCLUSION: Asian adults receiving liposomal bupivacaine as part of multimodal perioperative analgesia demonstrated lower pain scores compared to matching Caucasians, despite not having greater opioid consumption.

4.
Anesthesiology ; 133(6): 1214-1222, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Hypotension Prediction Index is a commercially available algorithm, based on arterial waveform features, that predicts hypotension defined as mean arterial pressure less than 65 mmHg for at least 1 min. We therefore tested the primary hypothesis that index guidance reduces the duration and severity of hypotension during noncardiac surgery. METHODS: We enrolled adults having moderate- or high-risk noncardiac surgery with invasive arterial pressure monitoring. Participating patients were randomized to hemodynamic management with or without index guidance. Clinicians caring for patients assigned to guidance were alerted when the index exceeded 85 (range, 0 to 100) and a treatment algorithm based on advanced hemodynamic parameters suggested vasopressor administration, fluid administration, inotrope administration, or observation. Primary outcome was the amount of hypotension, defined as time-weighted average mean arterial pressure less than 65 mmHg. Secondary outcomes were time-weighted mean pressures less than 60 and 55 mmHg. RESULTS: Among 214 enrolled patients, guidance was provided for 105 (49%) patients randomly assigned to the index guidance group. The median (first quartile, third quartile) time-weighted average mean arterial pressure less than 65 mmHg was 0.14 (0.03, 0.37) in guided patients versus 0.14 (0.03, 0.39) mmHg in unguided patients: median difference (95% CI) of 0 (-0.03 to 0.04), P = 0.757. Index guidance therefore did not reduce amount of hypotension less than 65 mmHg, nor did it reduce hypotension less than 60 or 55 mmHg. Post hoc, guidance was associated with less hypotension when analysis was restricted to episodes during which clinicians intervened. CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot trial, index guidance did not reduce the amount of intraoperative hypotension. Half of the alerts were not followed by treatment, presumably due to short warning time, complex treatment algorithm, or clinicians ignoring the alert. In the future we plan to use a lower index alert threshold and a simpler treatment algorithm that emphasizes prompt treatment.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(40): 44743-44753, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915534

RESUMO

The molecular catalyst sensitized system (MCSS), where an excited molecular catalyst adsorbed on a semiconductor such as TiO2 injects electrons to the conduction band of the semiconductor leading to hydrogen evolution/CO2 reduction coupled with an oxidation of water on the molecular catalyst, has been one of the most probable candidates in the approach to artificial photosynthesis. For a full utilization of visible light, however, a serious light scattering of the aqueous suspension of TiO2 in the visible region, which is generally experienced, should be avoided. Here, we report a preparation of optically transparent colloidal dispersion of TiO2 by the sol/gel reaction of TiCl4 through progressive hydrolysis/condensation under the basic condition without any calcination processes. The TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2(NPs)) obtained were characterized as an amorphous particle (∼10-15 nm) having a microcrystal domain of anatase within several nm by XRD, Raman spectroscopies, XRF, XAFS, TG/DTA, and HRTEM, respectively. The energy-resolved distribution of carrier electron traps in TiO2(NPs) as a fingerprint of TiO2 was characterized through reversed double-beam photo-acoustic spectroscopy to have a close similarity to that of TiO2(ST-01) as well as the observation of carrier traps by transient absorption spectroscopy. Though the powder TiO2(NP) itself was not dispersed well in aqueous solution, the wet TiO2(NPs) as prepared before being dried up provided a completely transparent aqueous dispersion under the acidic condition (1 M HCl). Addition of methanol enabled the colloidal dispersion (TiO2(NPs, MeOH/H2O, 0.1 M HCl)) to keep the optical transparency for longer than 1 year (550 days), which is the first example of TiO2 dispersion storable for such a long period. TiO2(NPs, MeOH/H2O) exhibited a moderate photocatalytic reactivity of H2 evolution with a quantum yield of ∼2.6% upon 365 nm light irradiation. An optically transparent thin film of TiO2(NPs, MeOH/H2O) was also successfully prepared on a glass plate to exhibit an enhanced hydrophilicity upon UV light irradiation.

6.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 3(5): e1272, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combination immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy has become the mainstay in cancer treatment, and the various antitumor effects of ICIs are being observed. Synchronous multiple primary lung cancers (SMPLCs), which simultaneously involve tumors of different histologies, are often encountered in clinical settings. In standard lung cancer treatment, an anticancer drug, usually a platinum-based drug, is administered, and this first treatment provides some antitumor effect. Thus, the initial administration of platinum-based anticancer agent may mask the detection of SMPLCs. The following case represents different antitumor effects on two different primary lung lesions during treatment with ICIs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old man was referred to our hospital for an abnormal chest shadow, and computed tomography showed masses in the left lower and right upper lungs. Transbronchial lung biopsy from the left lung tumor revealed an adenocarcinoma. Following the administration of pembrolizumab (200 mg/body over 3 weeks) as monotherapy, the tumor in the left lung rapidly reduced in size. However, the tumor in the right upper lung continued to grow. Finally, his disease was diagnosed as SMPLCs of adenocarcinoma and small cell lung cancer. CONCLUSION: Bilateral lung lesions considered to be intrapulmonary metastases have completely different responses to ICI treatment. It is necessary to consider a diagnosis of SMPLCs if lesions with different responses to antitumor therapy are observed.

7.
Surg Case Rep ; 6(1): 120, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various techniques are applied in laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of urachal remnants, which are less invasive and associated with lower morbidity. We herein report a case series in which we treated urachal remnants and medial umbilical ligaments using a laparoscopic approach. CASE PRESENTATION: From 2015 to 2019, seven patients (male, n = 5; female, n = 2) with a urachal remnant were treated by laparoscopic surgery in our institute. Five boys and two girls with a median age of 11 years (range 10-15 years) were enrolled in this series. The clinical results of laparoscopic treatment, the perioperative records, and the pathologic results were evaluated. The operation was performed with the use of three ports and an EZ access® (Hakko Medical, Nagano, Japan), which is a silicon cap for the wound retractor (Lap Protector®, Hakko Medical, Nagano, Japan). The removal of the urachal remnant and medial umbilical ligaments was completed with a median operative time of 92 min (range 69-128). The median hospital stay after surgery was 4 days (range 2-5). No patients developed intra-postoperative complications or recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Although our data are preliminary, complete laparoscopic removal of symptomatic urachal remnants and medial umbilical ligaments was a safe and effective minimally invasive approach, with better cosmetic outcomes.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(25): 14261-14267, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555802

RESUMO

The adsorption orientation behavior of tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-3-yl)porphyrin (m-TMPyP) and tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphyrin (p-TMPyP) on the clay monolayer prepared by the Langmuir Blodgett (LB) technique was investigated using the absorption and dichroic spectra obtained on a waveguide. It was revealed that the orientation of m-TMPyP and p-TMPyP on the clay monolayer, that is parallel and tilted with respect to the clay surface, depends on the surrounding environments such as water and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). The anisotropic photochemical energy transfer between m-TMPyP as a donor and p-TMPyP as an acceptor in the layered system was investigated in water and in DMF-water (9/1 (v/v)) by a fluorescence observation. As a result, while energy transfer efficiency (ηET) was 60% for the parallel-parallel orientation in water, that was 10% for the tilted-tilted orientation in DMF-water (9/1 (v/v)). The major factor for the change of ηET could be a change of the distance between m-TMPyP and p-TMPyP, and the J value that is a parameter for spectral overlap between energy donor's fluorescence and acceptor's absorption.

9.
Langmuir ; 36(29): 8384-8388, 2020 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407124

RESUMO

The adsorption behavior and enzyme activity of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was examined on a synthetic clay nanosheet, whose surface is flat at the atomic level and is negatively charged. The results showed that HRP is adsorbed effectively (adsorption equilibrium constant, K = 1.61 × 107 L mol-1) and that the structure of HRP was altered on the clay surface. The enzyme activity of HRP on the clay surface was evaluated by using H2O2 and tert-BuOOH as a substrate. As a result, HRP on the clay surface was able to work for tert-BuOOH, while HRP in solution did not show any activity. In addition, HRP on SSA showed reactivity even under the high-temperature conditions. These results indicate that the clay nanosheet can be a unique modifier for enzyme activity of HRP.

10.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989416

RESUMO

An algorithm derived from machine learning uses the arterial waveform to predict intraoperative hypotension some minutes before episodes, possibly giving clinician's time to intervene and prevent hypotension. Whether the Hypotension Prediction Index works well with noninvasive arterial pressure waveforms remains unknown. We therefore evaluated sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of the Index based on non-invasive arterial waveform estimates. We used continuous hemodynamic data measured from ClearSight (formerly Nexfin) noninvasive finger blood pressure monitors in surgical patients. We re-evaluated data from a trial that included 320 adults ≥ 45 years old designated ASA physical status 3 or 4 who had moderate-to-high-risk non-cardiac surgery with general anesthesia. We calculated sensitivity and specificity for predicting hypotension, defined as mean arterial pressure ≤ 65 mmHg for at least 1 min, and characterized the relationship with receiver operating characteristics curves. We also evaluated the number of hypotensive events at various ranges of the Hypotension Prediction Index. And finally, we calculated the positive predictive value for hypotension episodes when the Prediction Index threshold was 85. The algorithm predicted hypotension 5 min in advance, with a sensitivity of 0.86 [95% confidence interval 0.82, 0.89] and specificity 0.86 [0.82, 0.89]. At 10 min, the sensitivity was 0.83 [0.79, 0.86] and the specificity was 0.83 [0.79, 0.86]. And at 15 min, the sensitivity was 0.75 [0.71, 0.80] and the specificity was 0.75 [0.71, 0.80]. The positive predictive value of the algorithm prediction at an Index threshold of 85 was 0.83 [0.79, 0.87]. A Hypotension Prediction Index of 80-89 provided a median of 6.0 [95% confidence interval 5.3, 6.7] minutes warning before mean arterial pressure decreased to < 65 mmHg. The Hypotension Prediction Index, which was developed and validated with invasive arterial waveforms, predicts intraoperative hypotension reasonably well from non-invasive estimates of the arterial waveform. Hypotension prediction, along with appropriate management, can potentially reduce intraoperative hypotension. Being able to use the non-invasive pressure waveform will widen the range of patients who might benefit.Clinical Trial Number: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02872896.

12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(41): 22732-22739, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384860

RESUMO

Dimidium (3,8-diamino-5-methyl-6-phenylphenanthridinium: NH2PhP) is a well-known fluorophore as a DNA probe, although its fluorescence enhancement mechanism is not clear. In this study, we investigated the fluorescence enhancement mechanism of NH2PhP on a clay surface by observing the fluorescence behavior. Four systematically selected phenanthridinium derivatives (PDs): NH2PhP, 3,8-bisdimethylamino-5-methyl-6-phenylphenanthridinium (NMe2PhP), 5-methyl-6-phenylphenanthridinium (PhP) and 5-methylphenanthridinium (P) and synthetic clay were used as guest and host materials, respectively. It was revealed that the suppression of hydrogen bonding with water (N-HOH or NH-OH2) is the dominant factor for the fluorescence enhancement on the clay surface for NH2PhP and NMe2PhP. In addition, judging from the fluorescence enhancement for NH2PhP, NMe2PhP and PhP and no fluorescence enhancement for P on the clay surface, the suppression of rotation of the phenyl ring was indicated to make a partial contribution to the fluorescence enhancement mechanism. Because the fluorescence enhancement behavior was quite similar on the clay surface and in DNA, the obtained results afford an important clue to discuss the fluorescence enhancement mechanism of NH2PhP in DNA.


Assuntos
Argila/química , DNA/química , Fenantridinas/química , DNA/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Fenantridinas/metabolismo , Água/química
14.
Trials ; 20(1): 255, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypotension is associated with serious complications, including myocardial infarction, acute kidney injury, and mortality. Consequently, predicting and preventing hypotension may improve outcomes. We will therefore determine if use of a novel hypotension prediction tool reduces the duration and severity of hypotension in patients having non-cardiac surgery. METHODS/DESIGN: We will conduct a two-center, pragmatic, randomized controlled trial (N = 213) in noncardiac surgical patients > 45 years old who require intra-arterial blood pressure monitoring. All participating patients will be connected to a Flortrac IQ sensor and EV1000 platform (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine). They will be randomly assigned to blinded or unblinded arms. The Hypotension Prediction Index (HPI) and advanced hemodynamic information will be universally recorded, but will only be available to clinicians when patients are assigned to unblinded monitoring. The primary outcome will be the effect of HPI software guidance on intraoperative time-weighted average mean arterial pressure under a threshold of 65 mmHg, which will be assessed with a Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney 2-sample, two-tailed test. DISCUSSION: Our trial will determine whether the Hypotension Prediction Index and associated hemodynamic information substantively reduces hypotension during non-cardiac surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03610165 . Registered on 1 August 2018.


Assuntos
Pressão Arterial , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Hipotensão/prevenção & controle , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Software , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/etiologia , Hipotensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ohio , Ensaios Clínicos Pragmáticos como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(18): 9352-9356, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994658

RESUMO

How can radioactive Cs+ ions be removed from aqueous solution? From this perspective, the adsorption of Cs+ was investigated by using five types of clay minerals possessing different charge exchange capacities. The fixation ability for Cs+ depended on the charge exchange capacity of the clay minerals. Phlogopite and vermiculite, where the number of charges is almost equal to half the number of siloxane ditrigonal cavities in the structure, exhibited a strong Cs+ fixation ability among these clay minerals. In these clay minerals, effective interlayer collapse, which leads to quasi-irreversible adsorption of Cs+, is expected from the introduction of Cs+ into the layer space. This is named the "cavity-charge matching effect". This study clarifies why only phlogopite and vermiculite can fix Cs+ quite strongly among various types of clay minerals. These findings are beneficial for removing radioactive Cs+ ions from the environment using clay minerals through the cavity-charge matching effect.

17.
Intern Med ; 57(20): 2981-2986, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29780127

RESUMO

We herein report the case of a 76-year old man with aquaporin-4-Immunoglobulin-G (AQP4-IgG)-positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), in whom transient interstitial pulmonary lesions developed at the early stage of the disease. Chest X-ray showed multiple infiltrative shadows in both upper lung fields, and computed tomography revealed abnormal shadows distributed randomly in the lungs. Surgical lung biopsy showed features of unclassifiable interstitial pneumonia, characterized by various types of air-space organization, which resulted in obscure lung structure. This is the first report to describe the pathological findings of interstitial pneumonia, which may represent a rare extra-central nervous system complication of NMOSD.


Assuntos
Aquaporina 4/sangue , Soluço/complicações , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Neuromielite Óptica/sangue , Neuromielite Óptica/complicações , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Langmuir ; 34(12): 3572-3577, 2018 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29485287

RESUMO

A transparent hybrid film composed of cationic magnesium porphyrin and clay mineral was developed, and its chromic behavior depending on relative humidity (RH) was investigated. The hybrid film was obtained via intercalation of magnesium porphyrin into clay film; magnesium porphyrin was intercalated into the interlayer spaces of the clay mineral without aggregation. The absorption spectra of the hybrid film showed red shifts compared to the aqueous solution of magnesium porphyrin because of the π-conjugated system extension with coplanarization of the meso-substituted pyridinium group and porphyrin ring. The absorption maximum of the hybrid film was gradually shifted to a shorter wavelength, and the color of the hybrid film was changed with increasing RH. The X-ray diffraction measurement suggested that the basal space of clay was expanded with increasing RH, indicating that the interlayer space of clay was expanded by water adsorption, and the spectral shift was induced by the change in coplanarization degree between the porphyrin ring and meso-substituted pyridinium groups.

19.
Langmuir ; 33(47): 13515-13521, 2017 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29131640

RESUMO

A ß-diketone dye was packed into the two-dimensional nanospace of a synthetic smectite (Sumecton SA), which is a cation-exchangeable layered silicate, to induce strong emission owing to molecular packing of the dye. An emissive dye, 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3-(4-pyridyl)-1,3-propandione, was prepared through a Claisen condensation reaction; the dye exhibited aggregation-induced emission, which is enhanced emission owing to clustering of molecules to form aggregates in poor solvents or in the solid state. The dye was nonemissive in solution. However, strong green emission was observed because of the restriction of molecular motion when the protonated dye was accommodated into the interlayer nanospace of the silicate layers through cation-exchange reactions. The restricted motion was confirmed by the smaller nonradiative relaxation rate constant obtained by time-resolved luminescence and quantum yield measurements. A moderate dye packing (0.11 mmol/g) in the interlayer space is important to obtain enhanced emission, whereas the intercalation of a large amount of dye (0.27 mmol/g) resulted in concentration quenching. Therefore, the interlayer space of the layered silicate used here was responsible for the strong emission because of moderate packing of the accommodated ß-diketones.

20.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 15(8): 959-63, 2016 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27411736

RESUMO

Stable room-temperature phosphorescence of guest aromatic molecules was achieved by the effective suppression of oxygen quenching. The organic capsule (first wall) suppressed static oxygen quenching by enclosing a guest molecule, and dynamic quenching via the capsule opening-closing process was well suppressed and manipulated by the intercalation of this capsule into the restrictive space between clay nanosheets (second wall).


Assuntos
Compostos Inorgânicos/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Aminas/química , Argila , Oxigênio/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Temperatura
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