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1.
Acta Orthop Belg ; 87(3): 501-507, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808725

RESUMO

Current classifications of midshaft clavicle fractures are based on radiography. The aim of the study was to evaluate the fracture pattern of clavicle fractures using 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT). A retrospective analysis was performed on CT scans of 65 acute clavicle fractures. Using quantitative 3D CT reconstruction techniques, the fracture of the clavicle was virtually reduced. Based on these reconstructions, a group-based fracture heat map and small fragment heat map, and the location of the most common fracture line were determined. Also, the direction and amount of displacement were evaluated. Three fracture patterns could be distinguished. The primary fracture line in type 1 is going from posteromedial to anterolateral and located between 50% and 68% of the clavicle's length. In type 2, a transverse fracture line is located around 55%, and in type 3, a superolateral to inferomedial line is located between 47% and 56%. Wedged fracture fragments can be seen in types 1 and 2 and are mainly situated inferiorly. The displacement is similar in all types, but the main direction of displacement is specific for the different types (posterior, anterior, inferior). We can conclude that several fracture patterns can be seen in clavicle fractures. Most fractures are located laterally at the midshaft of the clavicle. Wedged segments are mainly located inferiorly, and at the posterior part of the clavicle, no comminution is ever seen. The direction of displacement depends on the fracture pattern.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas Cominutivas , Clavícula/diagnóstico por imagem , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
J Orthop Res ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783068

RESUMO

Tendons and ligaments are jointed to bones via an enthesis that is essential to the proper function of the muscular and skeletal structures. The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of mechanical stress on the enthesis. We used ex vivo models in organ cultures of rat Achilles tendons with calcaneus including the enthesis. The organ was attached to a mechanical stretching apparatus that can conduct cyclic tensile strain. We made the models of 1-mm elongation (0.5 Hz, 3% elongation), 2-mm elongation (0.5 Hz, 5% elongation), and no stress. Histological evaluation by Safranin O staining and Toluidin Blue and Picro Sirius red staining was conducted. Expression of sex-determining region Y-box 9 (Sox9), scleraxis (Scx), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and matrix metalloproteinase 13 (Mmp13) were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunocytochemistry. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate biotin nick end-labeling and live/dead staining and was conducted for evaluation of the apoptosis and cell viability. The structure of the enthesis was most maintained in the model of 1-mm elongation. The electronic microscope showed that the enthesis of the no stress model had ill-defined borders between fibrocartilage and mineralized fibrocartilage, and that calcification of mineralized fibrocartilage occurred in the model of 2-mm elongation. Sox9 and Scx was upregulated by 1-mm elongation, whereas Runx2 and Mmp13 were upregulated by 2-mm elongation. Apoptosis was inhibited by low stress. The results of this study suggested that 1-mm elongation can maintain the structure of the enthesis, while 2-mm elongation promotes degenerative changes.

3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 882, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nerve conduction study (NCS) is the only useful test for objective assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, the relationship between pre- and postoperative NCS and clinical outcomes was unclear. This study aimed to determine whether pre- and postoperative (6 months) NCS could predict patient-oriented and motor outcomes (6 and 12 months postoperatively) in patients with CTS. METHOD: Of the 85 patients with CTS, 107 hands were analyzed from March 2011 to March 2020. All patients underwent open carpal tunnel release and were examined using the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire and grip strength (GS) preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Moreover, NCS was examined preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Distal motor latency (DML) and sensory conduction velocity (SCV) were the parameters used for NCS. The correlation coefficient between NCS and DASH or GS was calculated. A receiver operating characteristic curve was utilized to determine the NCS threshold value to predict DASH and GS improvement. RESULTS: The average scores of GS preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively were 21.3, 22.3, and 22.8, respectively. On the other hand, the average scores of DASH preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively were 28.8, 18.3, and 12.2, respectively. The average NCS scores (DML and SCV) preoperatively/6 months postoperatively were 7.3/5.4 and 27.8/36.7, respectively. Preoperative NCS did not correlate with DASH and GS. Postoperative SCV correlated with the change in grip strength (6-12 months, r = 0.67; 0-12 months, r = 0.60) and DASH (0-12 months, r = 0.77). Moreover, postoperative DML correlated with the change in DASH (6-12 months, r = - 0.33; 0-12 months, r = - 0.59). The prediction for the improvement of GS/DASH achieved a sensitivity of 50.0%/66.7% and a specificity of 100%/100%, at an SCV cutoff score of 38.5/45.0 or above. The prediction for improvement of GS/DASH achieved a sensitivity of 83.3%/66.7% and a specificity of 100%/66.7% at a DML cutoff score of 4.4/4.4 or below. CONCLUSION: NCS at 6 months postoperatively can be used to predict the improvement of clinical outcome after 6 months postoperatively in patients with CTS.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Humanos , Nervo Mediano/cirurgia , Condução Nervosa , Exame Neurológico , Período Pós-Operatório
4.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(2): 177-185, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953423

RESUMO

This retrospective study sought to elucidate the incidence rates of roof impaction (RI) and marginal impaction (MI) and radiological and clinical outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for RI and MI in geriatric acetabular fractures. The cases of 68 patients aged ≥ 65 years (mean 71 years) treated with ORIF were analyzed. MI was present in 12 fractures (67%) and an RI of the weight-bearing surface was present in 24 (46%) of the potential fracture types. Regarding the reduction quality, 54% of the reductions were graded as anatomical, 37% as imperfect, and 9% as poor. In the clinical evaluations of the 45 patients who had > 1-year follow-up (follow-up rate: 66.2%), 18% were graded as excellent, 53% as good, 16% as fair, and 13% as poor. An anatomic reduction was strongly associated with good or excellent clinical and radiological outcomes. CT was superior to radiographs for detecting the residual displacement postoperatively. Postoperative deep infection occurred in four patients. Three patients (6.7%) underwent a total hip arthroplasty conversion due to secondary osteoarthritis of the hip. We recommend ORIF as the preferred surgical treatment option for displaced acetabular fractures in elderly patients.

5.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 141(7): 1139-1148, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529385

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Radiation-induced pathological fractures show high nonunion and infection rates. Successful treatment of postoperative infections of these fractures without limb amputation is extremely rare. METHODS: We report two cases of postoperative infection of pathological femoral fracture after radiation therapy for soft tissue tumors. Considering the poor condition of the irradiated site, a two-staged operation was selected to create the optimal situation for bone union. The treatment involved the Masquelet technique, latissimus dorsi (LD) flap, and a free vascularized fibula graft (FVFG). In the first stage, we drastically resected the necrotic bone and the surrounding infected tissue and placed antibiotic polymethylmethacrylate space on the bone gap according to the Masquelet technique. Next, we used an Ilizarov external fixator as a temporizing stabilizer and performed the LD flap. Six weeks later, in the second stage, we changed the external fixation to plate fixation; packed the artificial bone (ß-TCP) and autograft bone to the induced membrane; and performed FVFG on the other side of the plate. As postoperative therapy, toe touch was allowed immediately, and partial weight bearing was started 2 months after second surgery. RESULTS: Both patients achieved bone union and were able to walk without postoperative complications. At the 2-year follow-up, there was no recurrence of infection. CONCLUSION: Our treatment is effective for controlling postoperative infection of radiation-induced pathological fracture.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação de Fratura/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Espontâneas/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Orthop Sci ; 26(2): 271-275, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Japan, microsurgical skill development and a system to transfer patients to an appropriate hospital for upper extremity amputation have been promoted; however, information about trends of replantation is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to clarify the trends in the treatment for upper extremity amputation using the Japan Trauma Data Bank (JTDB). METHODS: Data derived from JTDB (2004-2015) were used to quantify trends in the volume of replantation for upper extremity amputation including finger amputation. Trauma was diagnosed based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale code; a subgroup of patients who underwent replantation was delineated. We investigated patient demographics, infection rate, and characteristics of treating facilities. RESULTS: A total of 1240 patients underwent upper extremity amputation. Among these, 510 (41.1%) underwent replantation, and the rate of replantation did not change over the study period. The average age of patients who underwent or did not undergo replantation was 45.5 and 47.2 years, respectively. The proportion of the patients who were transferred to another hospital for treatment significantly decreased between 2004 (28.5%) and 2015 (16.3%) (P < 0.01). Time taken for transfer from the accident site to hospitals increased. The rate of patients who underwent replantation differed among different hospitals; however, higher-volume hospitals were more likely to perform replantation. CONCLUSION: The rate of patients transferred to another hospital decreased between 2004 and 2015; however, the rate of patients who underwent replantation remained unchanged. This suggests that the number of patients who were transported directly from the accident site to an appropriate hospital has increased, whereas the indication for care in each hospital remains unchanged. Common criteria for amputations are needed to address the differing rates of replantation among hospitals.


Assuntos
Amputação Traumática , Traumatismos dos Dedos , Amputação Traumática/epidemiologia , Amputação Traumática/cirurgia , Traumatismos dos Dedos/epidemiologia , Traumatismos dos Dedos/cirurgia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reimplante , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia
7.
Trauma Case Rep ; 25: 100268, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31890833

RESUMO

Septic arthritis in distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints sometimes occurs in association with mucous cysts or after the surgical treatment of mallet fingers. Recently, several studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of the Masquelet technique in the treatment of bone defects caused by trauma or infection. However, only few studies have reported the use of this technique for septic arthritis in small joints of the hand, and its effectiveness in treating septic arthritis in DIP joints remains unclear. We report the clinical and radiological outcomes of three patients who were treated with the Masquelet technique for septic arthritis in DIP joints. One patient had uncontrolled diabetes and another had rheumatoid arthritis treated with methotrexate and prednisolone. The first surgical stage involved thorough debridement of the infection site, including the middle and distal phalanx. We placed an external fixator from the middle to the distal phalanx and then packed the cavity of the DIP joint with antibiotic cement bead of polymethylmethacrylate (40 g) including 2 g of vancomycin and 200 mg of minocycline. At 4-6 weeks after the first surgical stage, the infection had cleared, and the second surgical stage was performed. The external fixator and cement bead were carefully removed while carefully preserving the surrounding osteo-induced membrane. The membrane was smooth and nonadherent to the cement block. In the second surgical stage, an autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac bone and inserted into the joint space, within the membrane. The bone graft, distal phalanx, and middle phalanx were fixed with Kirschner wires and/or a soft wire. Despite the high risk of infection, bone union was achieved in all patients without recurrence of infection. Although the Masquelet technique requires two surgeries, it can lead to favorable clinical and radiological outcomes for infected small joints of the hand.

8.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 140(4): 481-485, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative thrombosis of the external iliac artery (EIA) following open reduction and internal fixation for acetabular fracture is extremely rare. PURPOSE: To report a patient with EIA thrombosis following open reduction and internal fixation using the modified ilioinguinal approach for acetabular fractures. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report of a 69-year-old male with a left acetabular fracture who was treated surgically. METHODS: A 69-year-old male presented with left hip pain after a 1.5-m fall. Radiographs revealed left acetabular anterior wall and posterior hemitransverse fractures with dome impaction. Computed tomography (CT) showed atherosclerotic changes in many arteries. Open reduction and internal fixation were performed using the modified ilioinguinal approach. Adhesion around the external iliac vessels was severe, and the external iliac vein (EIV) ruptured during exposure. After EIV repair, anatomical reduction was achieved and the fracture was fixed using a reconstruction plate. Nine hours after surgery, the left lower limb showed acute ischemic symptoms. Contrast-enhanced CT indicated complete occlusion of the left EIA. The patient was immediately taken for a thrombectomy via EIA cut-down using a Fogarty catheter. Postoperatively, he had palpable dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial pulses; however, post-reperfusion compartment syndrome developed. Fasciotomy of the left leg was performed. RESULTS: At the 2-year and 4-month follow-up, he was pain-free in his hip and leg. Although he was walking with a cane, activity was limited due to a mild foot drop. CONCLUSIONS: It is very important for surgeons to consider EIA thrombosis as a potential complication following open reduction and internal fixation. In this case, EIA thrombosis could be explained by preoperative atherosclerotic changes and intraoperative vascular handling procedures. Preoperative screening and management, and meticulous surgical procedures are necessary for patients with a high risk of thrombosis.


Assuntos
Artéria Ilíaca , Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos , Trombose , Acetábulo/lesões , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Idoso , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Masculino , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/cirurgia
9.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 384, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plate fixation is one of the standard surgical treatments for distal femoral fractures. There are few reports on the relationship between the screw position and bone union when fixing by the bridging plate (relative stability) method. METHODS: This retrospective study included 71 distal femoral fractures of 70 patients who were treated with the locking compression plate for distal femur (DePuy Synthes Co., Ltd, New Brunswick, CA, USA). The following measurements were evaluated and analyzed: (1) bone union rate, (2) bridge span length (distance between screws across the fracture), (3) plate span ratio (plate length/bone fracture length), (4) number of empty holes (number of screw holes not inserted around the fracture), and (5) medial fracture distance (bone fracture distance on the medial side of the distal femur). Patient demographics (age), comorbidities (smoking, diabetes, chronic steroid use, dialysis), and injury characteristics (AO type, open fracture, infection) were obtained for all participants. Univariate analysis was performed on them. RESULTS: Of 71 fractures, 26 fractures were simple fractures, 45 fractures were comminuted fractures, and 7 fractures resulted in non-union. Non-union rate was significantly higher in comminuted fractures with bone medial fracture distance exceeding 5 mm. Non-union was founded in simple fractures with bone medial fracture distance exceeding 2 mm, but not significant (p = 0.06). In cases with simple fractures, one non-union case had one empty hole and one non-union case had four empty holes, whereas in cases with comminuted fractures, five non-union cases had two more empty holes. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that bone fragment distance between fracture fragments is more important than bridge span length of the fracture site and the number of empty holes. Smoking and medial fracture distance are prognostic risk factors of nonunion in distal femoral fractures treated with LCP as bridging plate.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas não Consolidadas/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas não Consolidadas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Knee Surg Relat Res ; 31(2): 120-125, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893986

RESUMO

Purpose: Medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) causes progression of medial meniscus extrusion (MME). This study aims to calculate the progression rate of MME based on findings in two preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and determine the associated factors. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 33 patients (27 females and 6 males; mean age, 60 years) who underwent MRI twice, at a mean interval of 48 days. We measured the medial meniscus body width, medial joint space width (MJSW), and MME. The MME progression rate was derived from regression analysis of the increase in MME (ΔMME) between the two MRI scans. In addition, the correlations of the MME increase rate with age, body mass index, femorotibial angle, and MJSW were evaluated. Results: The mean MME increased from 3.4 mm to 4.5 mm (p<0.001). A good correlation was observed between ΔMME and the interval of MRI scans (R2=0.621), and the MME progression rate was 0.020 mm per day. A moderate correlation was observed between the MME increase rate and the MJSW (R2=0.432). Conclusions: The MME progression rate was rapid in MMPRT and narrowing of the MJSW was associated with the progression of MME. Level of Evidence: V, Cross-sectional study.

11.
Trauma Case Rep ; 20: 100169, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809569

RESUMO

The incidence rate of bladder rupture associated with pelvic ring fractures is reported to be about 5-10%, mostly occurring at the time of injury. Fragility pelvic ring fractures are reported to increase fracture displacement or become nonunion if they are treated inadequately. Few case reports on bladder rupture associated with fragility pelvic ring fracture have been published. We report a rare case of delayed bladder rupture associated with a fragility fracture of the pelvis. A 65-year-old female felt right hip pain without sustaining any trauma. She was diagnosed with a right pubic rami fracture. However, her pain deteriorated, and a sacral fracture was identified one month later. She was prescribed teriparatide, but her pain worsened and she was referred to our hospital. She was diagnosed with fragility fracture of the pelvis (Rommens classification type IVb) and was treated operatively. During the surgery, her thin bladder wall, which was compressed by a displaced pubic fragment, was torn and repaired. This is the first report describing a fragility fracture of the pelvis associated with a bladder rupture. Our treatment led to a successful result.

12.
Acta Med Okayama ; 71(1): 41-47, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28238009

RESUMO

We investigated the long-term clinical results of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) by cementless fixation of alumina ceramic unlinked elbow prostheses (J-alumina ceramic elbows: JACE) for the reconstruction of elbow joints with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Seventeen elbows in 17 patients (aged 44-72 years, average 54.8) replaced by JACE TEA without bone cement were investigated. The average follow-up period was 10.7 (range, 1.0-19.3) years. Clinical conditions of each elbow before and after surgery were assessed according to the Mayo Elbow Performance Index (MEPI). Radiographic loosening was defined as a progressive radiolucent line of more than 1 mm that was completely circumferential around the intramedullary stem. The average MEPI significantly improved from 46.8 points preoperatively to 66.8 points at final follow-up (p=0.0226). However, aseptic loosening was noted in 10 of 17 elbows (58.8%) and revision surgery was required in 7 (41.2%). Most loosening was observed on the humeral side. With radiographic loosening and revision surgery defined as the end points, the likelihoods of prosthesis survival were 41.2% and 51.8%, respectively, up to 15 years by Kaplan-Meier analysis. The clinical results of JACE implantation without bone cement were disappointing, with high revision and loosening rates of the humeral component.


Assuntos
Óxido de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo/métodos , Cimentação/métodos , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Prótese de Cotovelo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Próteses e Implantes , Falha de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Clin Calcium ; 25(8): 1205-11, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26224679

RESUMO

Tendons and ligaments are dense connective fibers mainly composed of type I collagen. However, the structure, function, and cellular behavior are different between tendons and ligaments. Anatomic, biological, and developmental studies have revealed the distinct differentiation process of tendons, ligaments, and these attachments to the bones (so-called entheses). In addition, arthroscopic devices, surgical materials, and operative techniques for the treatment of tendon/ligament injuries have been dramatically improved. Based on these backgrounds, the treatment strategies of tendon/ligament disorders have changed in recent years. This review focused on the pathology of tendon and ligament injuries involved in the tear of the rotator cuff and anterior cruciate ligament. We also described the current treatment for the tendon/ligament injuries and the future regeneration therapy against these connective tissue injuries.


Assuntos
Ligamentos/lesões , Ligamentos/patologia , Traumatismos dos Tendões/patologia , Traumatismos dos Tendões/terapia , Tendões/patologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/patologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/terapia , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos
14.
Int Orthop ; 39(12): 2481-7, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25693884

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The medial meniscus is a secondary stabilizer of anterior tibial translation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knees. ACL reconstruction effectively restores an increased anterior tibial translation in the ACL-deficient knee. However, knee osteoarthritis sometimes develops in ACL-reconstructed patients during a long-term follow-up period. We hypothesized that the medial meniscal position would be different between the ACL-deficient and reconstructed knees. The aim of this study was to investigate pre-operative and postoperative location of the medial meniscus in patients who underwent ACL reconstruction. METHODS: ACL-reconstructed knees (28 knees) and normal knees (27 knees) were investigated. Medial tibial plateau length (MTPL) and medial tibial plateau width (MTPW) were determined using radiographic images. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based medial meniscal length (MML), medial meniscal width (MMW), and medial meniscal extrusion (MME) were measured. Postoperative change in the MML, MMW, and MME were evaluated and compared with those in normal knees. RESULTS: No significant differences between the ACL-deficient (pre-operative) and normal groups were noted. The ACL-reconstructed (postoperative) group showed an increase in the MML, in the percentage of the MML (%MML = 100 MML/MTPL), and in the MME. Significant differences between postoperative and normal groups were observed in the MML, %MML, and MME. MMW and MMW percentage (100 MMW/MTPW) were similar in all groups. CONCLUSIONS: The anteroposterior length and radial extrusion of the medial meniscus increased after ACL reconstruction. Transposition of the medial meniscus may be a possible cause of developing further degenerative knee joint disorders after ACL reconstruction.


Assuntos
Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Adulto Jovem
15.
Intern Med ; 53(15): 1693-8, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25088888

RESUMO

We describe a rare case of recurrent Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia in a previously healthy 45-year-old man. The infection was caused by osteomyelitis at the site of an iliac crest bone graft harvest. A genetic analysis using enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) revealed that the blood isolates and pathogens obtained from the surgical wound were identical. Initial treatment with levofloxacin and cefozopran was ineffective, but the patient's infection was successfully treated by long-term administration of latamoxef and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. The present case suggests that attention should be given to the possibility of S. maltophilia infection in any situations.


Assuntos
Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/etiologia , Ílio/transplante , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/isolamento & purificação , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , DNA Bacteriano/análise , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Seguimentos , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Recidiva , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/genética , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/uso terapêutico
16.
Acta Med Okayama ; 67(5): 311-7, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24145731

RESUMO

We report a case of 4th metacarpal head collapse of a 19-year-old healthy man. MRI revealed T1 low and T2 high regions in the collapsed 4th metacarpal head, as well as in the right 3rd and left 4th metacarpal head. Our initial diagnosis was occult compression fracture due to avascular necrosis, known as Dieterich's disease. However, pathological findings of surgically resected right 4th metacarpal head were compatible with transient osteoporosis and metacarpal head fracture followed by active tissue repair. The autologous osteochondral transplants from costchondral junction survived and maintained their size and shape even at 10-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico , Ossos Metacarpais/patologia , Metacarpo/anormalidades , Osteonecrose/diagnóstico , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ossos Metacarpais/cirurgia , Ossos Metacarpais/transplante , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Acta Med Okayama ; 64(2): 115-20, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20424666

RESUMO

We biomechanically evaluated the bone fixation rigidity of an ONI plate (Group I) during fixation of experimentally created transcondylar humerus fractures in cadaveric elbows, which are the most frequently observed humeral fractures in the elderly, and compared it with the rigidity achieved by 3 conventional fixation methods:an LCP reconstruction plate 3.5 using a locking mechanism (Group II), a conventional reconstruction plate 3.5 (CRP) with a cannulated cancellous screw (Group III), and a CRP with 2 cannulated cancellous screws (CS) in a crisscross orientation (Group IV). In the axial loading test, the mean failure loads were:Group I, 98.9+/-32.6;Group II, 108.5+/-27.2;Group III, 50.0+/-7.5;and Group IV, 34.5+/-12.2 (N). Group I fixations failed at a significantly higher load than those of Groups III and IV (p<0.05). In the extension loading test, the mean failure loads were:Group I, 34.0+/-12.4;Group II, 51.0+/-14.8;Group III, 19.3+/-6.0;and Group IV, 14.7+/-3.1 (N). Group IV fixations showed a significantly lower failure load than those of Group I (p<0.05). The fixation rigidities against mechanical loading by the ONI plate and LCP plate were comparable. These results suggested that an ONI system might be superior to the CRP and CS method, and comparable to the LCP method in terms of fixation rigidity for distal humerus fractures.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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