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1.
Zootaxa ; 4683(3): zootaxa.4683.3.7, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715921

RESUMO

Xenuraega bythionekta sp. nov., is described from a single specimen taken off southern Japan. It is the second species of Xenuraega Tattersall, 1909, and extends the known range of the genus from North Atlantic to the northern Pacific Ocean. The species is characterized by the posteriorly narrowed pleotelson, and both uropodal rami being elongate and provided with a mass of long plumose setae. Xenuraega bythionekta sp. nov. is known only from the type locality, Kagoshima Prefecture, southern Japan at a depth of 1178-1179 m.


Assuntos
Isópodes , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Japão , Oceano Pacífico
2.
Zookeys ; (646): 109-118, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28228679

RESUMO

A new dajid, Aspidophryxus izuensissp. n., is described from seven females and six males found infesting the dorsal carapaces of specimens of Mysidella hoshinoi Shimomura, 2016 (Mysidae: Mysidellinae) associated with an unidentified species of sea anemone (Haloclavidae) from Izu-Oshima Island, Sagami Sea, central Japan. Aspidophryxus izuensis sp. n. differs from its congeners in having a body length about as long as wide, widest at the anterior part in females; an elongate frontal part of the cephalon, half as long as wide in females; the frontal margin of the cephalon exceeding the anterior margins of lateral lamellae in females; an unsegmented, vermiform, elongate pleon in females; and a uropod composed of a protopod and an inner and outer ramus in males. A key to worldwide species in the genus is provided.

3.
Zookeys ; (620): 21-32, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27853405

RESUMO

A new mysid, Mysidella hoshinoisp. n. is described from Izu-Oshima Island, Sagami Sea, central Japan. This species differs from its congeners in having a posterodorsal finger-like papilla on the eyestalk, five peculiar spines terminating in plumed seta on outer margin of carpopropodus of endopod of first thoracopod, and uropodal endopod bearing 27 spines on inner margin.

4.
Zookeys ; (585): 1-16, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27199601

RESUMO

A long-spined sea urchin Diadema-sp reported from Japanese waters was genetically distinct from all known Diadema species, but it remained undescribed. Extensive field surveys in Japan with molecular identification performed in the present study determined five phenotypes (I to V) in Diadema-sp according to the presence and/or shape of a white streak and blue iridophore lines in the naked space of the interambulacral area. All phenotypes were distinct from Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) and Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1829), of which a major type (I) corresponded to Diadema clarki Ikeda, 1939 that was questioned and synonymized with Diadema setosum by Mortensen (1940). The holotype of Diadema clarki has not been found, but three unlabeled dried tests of Diadema were found among Ikeda's original collection held in the Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History and Human History, Fukuoka, Japan. A short mtDNA COI fragment (ca. 350bp) was amplified from one of the tests, and the nucleotide sequence determined (275bp) was nearly identical with that of Diadema-sp. Arrangements of the primary tubercles on the coronal plates in Diadema-sp and the museum specimen also conformed with Diadema clarki, indicating that Diadema-sp is identical to Diadema clarki and a valid species. Narrow latitudinal distribution (31°N to 35°N) of Diadema clarki in Japan was observed, where it co-existed with abundant Diadema setosum and rare Diadema savignyi. No Diadema clarki was found in the southern islands in Japan, such as Satsunan Islands to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Island, where Diadema setosum and Diadema savignyi were commonly observed.

5.
Zookeys ; (638): 125-142, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28174500

RESUMO

A new deep-sea epimeriid, Epimeria abyssalis is described from the Kuril-Kamchatka Trench, in the northwestern Pacific. This species differs from its congeners in having a short rostrum and a telson with deep and narrow Y-shaped excavation. Epimeria abyssalis is the deepest recorded Epimeria species. A key to the north Pacific species of Epimeria is provided.

6.
Zookeys ; (520): 27-40, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26448712

RESUMO

Pleurocope iriomotensis sp. n. and Prethura tuberculata sp. n. are described from Iriomote Island, Ryukyu Archipelago, southern Japan. These are the first records of Pleurocope from the Pacific and of Prethura from the Asian Pacific coast. Pleurocope iriomotensis differs from its congeners in having lateral spine-like processes on pereonite 4 and coxal plates of pereonite 7. Prethura tuberculata can be distinguished from its single congener in having a lateral short projection of protopod of pleopod 2.

7.
Zookeys ; (180): 1-8, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22539902

RESUMO

A new species of the endoparasitic copepod Enterognathus (Cyclopoida, Enterognathidae) is described from a crinoid host in the Seto Inland Sea, western Japan. This is a third species of the genus and its first occurrence in the Pacific Ocean. The new species is distinguished from two previously known congeners by the morphology of the body somites, caudal rami, antennae and legs. Crinoid parasites belonging to Enterognathus and the closely related genus Parenterognathus have a broad distribution from the northeastern Atlantic through the Red Sea to the West Pacific.

8.
Zookeys ; (173): 1-9, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22448117

RESUMO

Halacarsantia acutasp. n. is described from Wistari Reef, Capricorn Group, southern Great Barrier Reef, the first record of the genus from Australia. The new species differs from its congeners in having antenna flagellum composed of 8 articles; epipod apically acute, without setae, broad maxilliped endite and pereopod 1 basis with a short projection. A key to species of the genus is provided.

9.
J Toxicol ; 2010: 172367, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21209702

RESUMO

Several cases of poisoning resulting in human fatalities and stemming from the ingestion of coral reef crabs have been reported from the Indo-Pacific region. We assessed the toxicity of the unidentified xanthid crab collected from the Camotes Sea off the eastern coast of Cebu Island, central Visayas region of Philippines from the food hygienic point of view. All seven specimens, which were identified with Demania cultripes, collected in 2006 were toxic to mice irrespective of the season of collection and induced paralytic symptoms typical of tetrodotoxin (TTX) and paralytic shellfish poison (PSP). The activity was expressed in mouse unit (MU) being defined as the amount of TTX to kill a 20 g ddY male mice in 30 min after i.p. injection. Toxicity scores for viscera and appendages of specimens were 18.2 ± 16.0 (mean ± S.D.) and 4.4 ± 2.6 MU/g, respectively. The highest individual toxicity scores observed for viscera and appendages were 52.1 and 7.7 MU/g, respectively. The frequency of toxic samples was 100%. Toxin profiles as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescent detection analysis (HPLC-FLD) revealed that TTX was the main toxic principle accounting for about 90% of the total toxicity along with 4-epi TTX and 4,9-anhydroTTX. Furthermore, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis revealed mass fragment ion peaks at m/z 376, 392 and 407, which were characteristic of the quinazoline skeleton (C9-base) specific to TTX. In addition, only a small amount of PSP containing gonyautoxins1-4 and hydroxysaxitoxin was detected. To our knowledge, this is the first report presenting evidence of occurrence of TTX and PSP in the xanthid crab D. cultripes inhabiting waters surrounding Cebu Island. From food hygienic point of view, people in coastal areas should be warned of the potential hazard of this crab in order to prevent its intentional or accidental consumption.

10.
Syst Parasitol ; 60(1): 39-57, 2005 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15791400

RESUMO

Adults and larvae of a new ectoparasitic isopod, Prodajus curviabdominalis n. sp., are described from the mysid Siriella okadai Ii collected from the Seto Inland Sea, western Japan. The adult female is found within the host marsupium with the cephalon directed posteriorly, whereas the dwarf adult male attaches to the ventral surface of the female pleon. The cryptoniscid larva usually attaches to the second or third abdominal somite of the host, using an oral sucker. Mature adults of the new species are distinguished from all other congeners by: pleon of ovigerous female strongly curved dorsally, with large swellings on ventral side; pereon of ovigerous female narrow; exopods on male uropods present; male pleon short and thick. This is the third record of a member of the Dajidae from Japan. The behaviour of the cryptoniscid larvae of the new species on the host mysid was also observed using a video camera. Larvae moved from the first attachment site, usually the second or third abdominal somite of the host mysid, into the marsupium. When host oostegites were not fully developed, larvae entered beneath the host carapace until her marsupium was fully formed. The host infected by a female P. curviabdominalis moved the oostegites rhythmically, an action which may aid the respiration of the parasite.


Assuntos
Crustáceos/parasitologia , Isópodes/anatomia & histologia , Isópodes/classificação , Animais , Feminino , Isópodes/ultraestrutura , Masculino
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