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1.
J Pathol Transl Med ; 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662934

RESUMO

Testicular carcinoid tumors are very rare, accounting for less than 1% of all testicular tumors. We report a rare case of a testicular carcinoid tumor with extensive lymphatic invasion. A 42-year-old man presented with a painless, enlarged right testicular mass. There was no history of injury or discomfort in this region. Right radical orchiectomy was performed, which showed a well-defined, non-encapsulated solid white mass with calcification (7.0 × 4.5 × 3.5 cm) and absence of cystic components. Microscopic examination using hematoxylin and eosin staining of the tumor sections identified organoid, trabecular, and solid patterns with rosette formation. Extensive multifocal lymphatic invasion was observed. Immunohistochemistry was positive for synaptophysin, chromogranin, and CD56. Testicular carcinoid tumors usually show good prognoses; however, there was extensive lymphovascular invasion in this case. Thus, in the case of unusual presentation of the disease, close follow-up is necessary.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639789

RESUMO

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), also known as fever, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia syndrome, is an emerging tick-borne infectious disease in Asian countries. SFTS should be suspected in patients presenting with fever, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia and have a history of tick exposure in an endemic area. Since SFTS can be accompanied by lymphadenopathy, particularly generalized lymphadenopathy, it can be confused with a primary malignancy, such as lymphoma. The study reports a case of SFTS accompanied by multiple lymphadenopathies, which mimicked malignant lymphoma on F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography.

3.
Korean J Parasitol ; 59(4): 393-397, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470090

RESUMO

Although research conducted in East Asia has uncovered parasite eggs from ancient toilets or cesspits, data accumulated to date needs to be supplemented by more archaeoparasitological studies. We examined a total of 21 soil samples from a toilet-like structure at the Hwajisan site, a Baekje-period royal villa, in present-day Korea. At least 4 species of helminth eggs, i.e., Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Clonorchis sinensis, and Trichuris sp. (or Trichuris vulpis) were detected in 3 sediment samples of the structure that was likely a toilet used by Baekje nobles. The eggs of T. trichiura were found in all 3 samples (no. 1, 4, and 5); and A. lumbricoides eggs were detected in 2 samples (no. 4 and 5). C. sinensis and T. vulpis-like eggs were found in no. 5 sample. From the findings of this study, we can suppose that the soil-transmitted helminths were prevalent in ancient Korean people, including the nobles of Baekje Kingdom during the 5th to 7th century.

4.
Restor Dent Endod ; 46(3): e32, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513638

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the application method of universal adhesives on the shear bond strength (SBS) of repaired composites, applied with different thicknesses. Materials and Methods: The 84 specimens (Filtek Z350 XT) were prepared, stored in distilled water for a week and thermocycled (5,000 cycles, 5°C to 55°C). They were roughened using 400-grit sandpapers and etched with phosphoric acid. Then, specimens were equally divided into 2 groups; Single Bond Universal (SU) and Prime&Bond Universal (PB). Each group was subdivided into 3 subgroups according to application methods (n = 14); UC: 1 coat + uncuring, 1C: 1 coat + curing, 3C: 3 coats + curing. After storage of the repaired composite for 24 hours, specimens were subjected to the SBS test and the data were statistically analyzed by 2-way analysis of variance and independent t-tests. Specimens were examined with a stereomicroscope to analyze fracture mode and a scanning electron microscope to observe the interface. Results: Adhesive material was a significant factor (p = 0.001). Bond strengths with SU were higher than PB. The highest strength was obtained from the 1C group with SU. Bonding in multiple layers increased adhesive thicknesses, but there was no significant difference in SBS values (p = 0.255). Failure mode was predominantly cohesive in old composites. Conclusions: The application of an adequate bonding system plays an important role in repairing composite resin. SU showed higher SBS than PB and the additional layers increased the adhesive thickness without affecting SBS.

5.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 5(8): 880-896, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426676

RESUMO

Fibroblasts can be directly reprogrammed into cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells or smooth muscle cells. Here we report the reprogramming of mouse tail-tip fibroblasts simultaneously into cells resembling these three cell types using the microRNA mimic miR-208b-3p, ascorbic acid and bone morphogenetic protein 4, as well as the formation of tissue-like structures formed by the directly reprogrammed cells. Implantation of the formed cardiovascular tissue into the infarcted hearts of mice led to the migration of reprogrammed cells to the injured tissue, reducing regional cardiac strain and improving cardiac function. The migrated endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells contributed to vessel formation, and the migrated cardiomyocytes, which initially displayed immature characteristics, became mature over time and formed gap junctions with host cardiomyocytes. Direct reprogramming of somatic cells to make cardiac tissue may aid the development of applications in cell therapy, disease modelling and drug discovery for cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/transplante , Coração/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/transplante , Regeneração , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/farmacologia , Reprogramação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Junções Comunicantes/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miocárdio/citologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/citologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Transcriptoma
6.
Int J Stroke ; : 17474930211041213, 2021 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427481

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Very early stage blood pressure (BP) levels may affect outcome in stroke patients who have successfully undergone recanalization following intra-arterial treatment, but the optimal target of BP management remains uncertain. AIM: We hypothesized that the clinical outcome after intensive BP-lowering is superior to conventional BP control after successful recanalization by intra-arterial treatment. SAMPLE-SIZE ESTIMATES: We aim to randomize 668 patients (334 per arm), 1:1. METHODS AND DESIGN: We initiated a multicenter, prospective, randomized, open-label trial with a blinded end-point assessment (PROBE) design. After successful recanalization (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score ≥ 2 b), patients with elevated systolic BP level, defined as the mean of two readings ≥ 140 mmHg, will be randomly assigned to the intensive BP-lowering (systolic BP < 140 mm Hg) group or the conventional BP-lowering (systolic BP, 140-180 mm Hg) group. STUDY OUTCOMES: The primary efficacy outcomes are from dichotomized analysis of modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores at three months (mRS scores: 0-2 vs. 3-6). The primary safety outcomes are symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage and death within three months. DISCUSSION: The OPTIMAL-BP trial will provide evidence for the effectiveness of active BP control to achieve systolic BP < 140 mmHg during 24 h in patients with successful recanalization after intra-arterial treatment. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04205305.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(21): 6032-6040, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare histiocytic proliferation of unknown etiology commonly found in children and adolescents. The common manifestation of RDD is massive and painless bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy with extranodal disease. While extranodal involvement in RDD is common, the spleen is an infrequent site of disease. CASE SUMMARY: We report a 10-mo-old female infant with RDD presenting multiple splenic masses without cervical lymphadenopathy. She had fever, and blood tests showed leukocytosis, anemia, and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. Ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance images demonstrated multiple splenic masses. Despite antibiotic therapy, her symptoms were not relived. She underwent diagnostic splenectomy and was discharged with recovery. CONCLUSION: In pediatric patients with refractory infectious symptoms or hematological abnormalities, clinicians should suspect RDD, even in patients without significant lymphadenopathy.

8.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297992

RESUMO

During the present COVID-19 pandemic, transplantation of donor lungs with a history of COVID-19 infection is a critical issue. Donor-derived virus infection and graft dysfunction are possible after transplantation. However, use of such lungs could save the lives of patients requiring emergency transplantation. We successfully transplanted lungs from a brain-dead donor who had recovered from SARS-CoV-2 into a severe respiratory failure patient supported with ECMO who needed an emergency transplant. At the 3-month follow-up, our patient showed no evidence of COVID-19 transmission or graft dysfunction.

9.
J Pathol Transl Med ; 55(4): 289-297, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous metastasis (CM) is the spread of cancer cells from a primary site to the skin and is rarely the first sign of silent cancer. We investigated the clinicopathological characteristics of CM from internal malignancies in Korean patients treated at our institution over 20 years. METHODS: The clinicopathological findings of 112 patients (62 females, 50 males) with CM diagnosed at Yeungnam University Hospital between 2000 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 58.6 years (range, 26 to 87 years), and the most common primary cancer site was breast (74.2%) in women and lung (36.0%) in men. Ninety-six patients (85.7%) presented with CM after primary tumor diagnosis. CM from the lung or biliary tract usually occurred within 2 years of primary tumor diagnosis, whereas metastases from the breast and kidney occurred several years later. The chest, abdomen, and scalp were common sites of CM. Breast cancer usually metastasized to chest skin, while gastrointestinal tract cancers commonly metastasized to the abdomen. The scalp was a common location for CM from various tumors. The most common dermatologic presentations were nodules and masses. Immunohistochemical studies helped identify underlying malignancies when primary tumors were unknown. CONCLUSIONS: The relative frequency of CM parallels the overall incidence of primary malignant tumors, and CMs usually occur at anatomic sites close to the primary tumor. CM can be diagnosed based on clinical, radiological, and histological features; however, immunohistochemical study is required in some cases.

10.
Curr Oncol ; 28(3): 1927-1937, 2021 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065612

RESUMO

To identify cancer/testis (CT) antigens and immunogenic proteins, immunoscreening of testicular and small-cell lung cancer cell line NCI-H889 cDNA libraries was performed using serum obtained from a small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patient. We obtained 113 positive cDNA clones comprised of 74 different genes, designated KP-SCLC-1 through KP-SCLC-74. Of these genes, 59 genes were found to be related to cancers by EMBASE analysis. Three of these antigens, including KP-SCLC-29 (NOL4), KP-SCLC-59 (CCDC83), and KP-SCLC-69 (KIF20B), were CT antigens. RT-PCR and western blot analysis showed that NOL4 was frequently present in small-cell lung cancer cell lines (8/9, 8/9). In addition, NOL4 mRNA was weakly, or at a low frequency, or not detected in various cancer cell lines. Our results reveal that NOL4 was expressed at protein levels in small-cell lung cancer tissues (10/10) but not detected in lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma by immunohistochemical analysis. Serological response to NOL4 was also evaluated by western blot assay using NOL4 recombinant protein. A humoral response against NOL4 proteins was detected in 75% (33/44) of small-cell lung cancer patients and in 65% (13/20) of healthy donors by a serological western blot assay. These data suggest that NOL4 is a specific target that may be useful for diagnosis and immunotherapy in SCLC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Biblioteca Gênica , Humanos , Cinesina , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , Proteínas Nucleares , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/genética , Testículo
11.
Anat Cell Biol ; 54(2): 292-296, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162767

RESUMO

Since the first description of this disease in 1887, there are rare reports on osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) found in the glenoid cavity by way of anthropological studies. During an excavation project for recovery of the remains of Korean War casualties, a skeletonized soldier was found inside a cave fort at the Arrowhead Ridge of the demilitarized zone (DMZ), South Korea. In our recovery and examination of a Korean War casualty in DMZ, we identified a possible OCD in the individual's glenoid cavity of a right-sided scapula by radiological analysis and computed tomography reconstruction. This is a rare case of scapular OCD discovered in an archaeologically investigated skeleton.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(23): 27705-27712, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082527

RESUMO

The energy band alignments and associated material properties at the contacts between metal and two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenide (SCTMD) films determine the important traits in 2D SCTMD-based electronic and optical device applications. In this work, we realize 2D vertical diodes with asymmetric metal-SCTMD contact areas where currents are dominated by the contact-limited charge flows in the transport regimes of Fowler-Nordheim tunneling and Schottky emission. With straightforward current-voltage characteristics, we can accurately evaluate the interface parameters such as Schottky barrier heights and the vertical effective masses of tunneling charges. In particular, the differing contact areas and resultant current rectifications allow us to address specific Schottky barrier locations with respect to the conduction and valence band edges of 2D semiconducting WSe2, WS2, MoSe2, and MoS2, thereby determining whether p-type holes or n-type electrons become the majority charge carriers in the SCTMD devices. We demonstrate that our experimental and analytical approaches can be utilized as a simple but powerful material metrology to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate various metal-SCTMD contacts.

13.
J Stroke ; 23(2): 244-252, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to develop a model predicting early recanalization after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) treatment in large-vessel occlusion. METHODS: Using data from two different multicenter prospective cohorts, we determined the factors associated with early recanalization immediately after t-PA in stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion, and developed and validated a prediction model for early recanalization. Clot volume was semiautomatically measured on thin-section computed tomography using software, and the degree of collaterals was determined using the Tan score. Follow-up angiographic studies were performed immediately after t-PA treatment to assess early recanalization. RESULTS: Early recanalization, assessed 61.0±44.7 minutes after t-PA bolus, was achieved in 15.5% (15/97) in the derivation cohort and in 10.5% (8/76) in the validation cohort. Clot volume (odds ratio [OR], 0.979; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.961 to 0.997; P=0.020) and good collaterals (OR, 6.129; 95% CI, 1.592 to 23.594; P=0.008) were significant factors associated with early recanalization. The area under the curve (AUC) of the model including clot volume was 0.819 (95% CI, 0.720 to 0.917) and 0.842 (95% CI, 0.746 to 0.938) in the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively. The AUC improved when good collaterals were added (derivation cohort: AUC, 0.876; 95% CI, 0.802 to 0.950; P=0.164; validation cohort: AUC, 0.949; 95% CI, 0.886 to 1.000; P=0.036). The integrated discrimination improvement also showed significantly improved prediction (0.097; 95% CI, 0.009 to 0.185; P=0.032). CONCLUSIONS: The model using clot volume and collaterals predicted early recanalization after intravenous t-PA and had a high performance. This model may aid in determining the recanalization treatment strategy in stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion.

14.
Ann Dermatol ; 33(3): 237-244, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079183

RESUMO

Background: Only a few studies have tried to assess factors relevant to the satisfaction of the participants in atopic dermatitis (AD) educational programs. More systematic modeling of this issue is needed. Objective: To examine the benefit of a conjoint educational program for AD on patients and caregivers in a clinical setting. Methods: In a half-day educational program called "AD school", 831 people (493 patients and 338 family members) participated for 8 years. Various educational and entertaining programs were provided. The on-site survey was administered to measure participants' satisfaction and perception of the benefit. We applied structural equation modeling to identify the relations among satisfaction and perception. Results: A total of 209 family survey data was obtained and analyzed. The survey items were grouped into four categories. The categories were classified as individual education, group education, fun activity, and overall satisfaction (fun, benefit, intention to re-join and recommend to others). According to the model that we built, comprehensive group education was demonstrated to be the most relevant factor affecting overall satisfaction. Conclusion: Our holistic approach would allow dermatologists to improve the efficacy of the conjoint educational program for AD.

15.
Korean J Parasitol ; 59(2): 149-152, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951770

RESUMO

Our previous research on coprolite specimens from the mummies of Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910 CE) has revealed various species of parasite eggs. Herein, we added 2 new helminthic cases of human remains from Joseon-period graves in the Republic of Korea (Korea). The organic materials precipitated on the hip bones of 2 half-mummied cases (Goryeong and Gwangmyeong cases) were collected, rehydrated, and examined by a microscope. In the sample from Goryeong-gun (gun=County), ova of Trichuris trichiura, Clonorchis sinensis, and Metagonimus spp. were detected, and eggs of T. trichiura and A. lumbricoides were found from the sample of Gwangmyeong-si (si=City). By adding this outcome to the existing data pool, we confirm our previous estimates of Joseon-period parasite infection rates. The overall rates of A. lumbricoides, T. trichiura, and C. sinensis decreased dramatically from Joseon to the modern period. In Goryeong mummy specimen, we also found Metagonimus spp. eggs that has rarely been detected in archaeological samples so far.


Assuntos
Ascaris lumbricoides/citologia , Múmias/parasitologia , Trichuris/citologia , Animais , Arqueologia , Ascaris lumbricoides/classificação , Ascaris lumbricoides/isolamento & purificação , Clonorchis sinensis/classificação , Clonorchis sinensis/citologia , Clonorchis sinensis/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Óvulo/classificação , Óvulo/citologia , República da Coreia , Trichuris/classificação , Trichuris/isolamento & purificação
16.
J Pathol Transl Med ; 55(3): 181-191, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33966368

RESUMO

Molecular biomarker testing is the standard of care for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In 2017, the Korean Cardiopulmonary Pathology Study Group and the Korean Molecular Pathology Study Group co-published a molecular testing guideline which contained almost all known genetic changes that aid in treatment decisions or predict prognosis in patients with NSCLC. Since then there have been significant changes in targeted therapies as well as molecular testing including newly approved targeted drugs and liquid biopsy. In order to reflect these changes, the Korean Cardiopulmonary Pathology Study Group developed a consensus statement on molecular biomarker testing. This consensus statement was crafted to provide guidance on what genes should be tested, as well as methodology, samples, patient selection, reporting and quality control.

17.
In Vivo ; 35(3): 1633-1640, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The association between preoperative ultrasound (US) echogenicity and histopathological characteristics of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has been rarely investigated is not well characterized. This study evaluated a relationship between the clinical characteristics of PTC, histopathological phenomena including tumor growth patterns (TGPs) and tumor fibrosis (TF), and US echogenicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 170 patients with PTC (<2 cm) underwent total thyroidectomy with central neck dissection. Demographics, US echogenicity, tumor size, extra-thyroidal extension (ETE), lymph node metastasis (LNM) within the central and lateral neck, TGPs, and TF percentage were reviewed. RESULTS: Patients with TGP II (encapsulated growth with partial pericapsular extension) and III (infiltrative growth) were more frequently burdened by ETE and lateral neck LNM compared to patients with TGP I (encapsulated growth with a well-defined cystic or solid characteristic). Older age was significantly deterministic of TGP III, and male gender and higher TF percentage were independent risk factors for lateral neck LNM. TGP III and TF were independent determining factors for marked hypoechogenicity on US. CONCLUSION: PTC with TGP II and III and higher tumor fibrosis exhibited more aggressive clinicopathologic behaviors. TGP III and TF were determinants for marked hypoechogenicity.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Idoso , Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , Fibrose , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Esvaziamento Cervical , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia , Ultrassonografia
19.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(8)2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33917757

RESUMO

PGC1α oppositely regulates cancer metastasis in melanoma, breast, and pancreatic cancer; however, little is known about its impact on lung cancer metastasis. Transcriptome and in vivo xenograft analysis show that a decreased PGC1α correlates with the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and lung cancer metastasis. The deletion of a single Pgc1α allele in mice promotes bone metastasis of KrasG12D-driven lung cancer. Mechanistically, PGC1α predominantly activates ID1 expression, which interferes with TCF4-TWIST1 cooperation during EMT. Bioinformatic and clinical studies have shown that PGC1α and ID1 are downregulated in lung cancer, and correlate with a poor survival rate. Our study indicates that TCF4-TWIST1-mediated EMT, which is regulated by the PGC1α-ID1 transcriptional axis, is a potential diagnostic and therapeutic target for metastatic lung cancer.

20.
J Clin Med ; 10(8)2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923426

RESUMO

This study aimed to quantify and compare the obturation quality after mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) orthograde fillings with three different obturation techniques. Thirty-three extracted human maxillary molars were collected. Distobuccal and palatal canals were prepared to an apical size of #40/06 with a Profile Ni-Ti system. All 66 canals were divided into two groups according to the material (EZ-seal or OrthoMTA) and then obturated using three different techniques: manual compaction using S-kondenser (group H), compactor activation (group C), or reverse rotary motion of Ni-Ti file (group R). The obturated roots were scanned using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). The percentage of voids located in the apical 5 mm was measured separately, that is, closed, open, and total porosity. There was no relation between the filling material and obturation technique (p > 0.05). The percentage volume of open and total porosity was higher in EZ-seal than in OrthoMTA (open: p = 0.002, total: p = 0.001). Group H showed higher open and total porosity than groups C and R. Micro-CT analysis showed that the void volume after orthograde MTA fillings significantly decreased when the additional activation was accompanied by hand condensation. Obturation with a Ni-Ti file using reverse motion could be recommended as an MTA orthograde filling technique.

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