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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8109, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415140

RESUMO

Kidney transplantations using expanded criteria donors (ECD) are being increasingly adopted, but no consensus tools are available to evaluate donor kidney status. Beta-2 microglobulin (B2MG) is a marker of kidney function, and herein, we evaluate the usefulness of assessing B2MG to evaluate donor kidney status. Fifty-seven kidney transplantations were performed from March 2017 to April 2019. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed, and relationships between clinical and laboratory variables and transplant outcomes were investigated. Thirty-eight patients received a standard criteria donor kidney and 19 patients an ECD kidney. Ten patients experienced delayed graft function (DGF), but no patient experienced primary nonfunction. Of the parameters studied, only donor renal replacement therapy (RRT) [odds ratio (OR) 24.162; p = 0.018] and donor serum B2MG (OR 22.685; p = 0.022) significantly predicted DGF. The presence of either of these two risk factors can better reflect the condition of the donor than previous classification. However, on their last follow-up creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate values in those with or without these risk factors were not significantly different. For an ECD with a B2MG level of <7.18 and no history of RRT, kidney transplantation can be undertaken without considering the possibility of kidney discard.

2.
Cells ; 9(3)2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164364

RESUMO

Silica dioxide nanoparticles (SiONPs) have been applied to several fields, such as drug delivery and gene therapy. However, SiONPs are a constituent of fine dust and can induce excessive inflammatory responses in the lungs via the airways. Silibinin, a major component of silymarin, has been known for its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. In the present study, we explored the protective effects of silibinin against SiONPs-induced airway inflammation and explored its underlying mechanism of action, focusing on thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP)/mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in vitro and in vivo. In SiONPs-stimulated NCI-H292 airway epithelial cells, silibinin treatment effectively suppressed the elevation of the mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-1ß, which was accompanied by the reduction in the expression of TXNIP, MAPKs, and activator protein-1 (AP-1). In SiONPs-treated mice, silibinin administration inhibited the increase in inflammatory cell counts and proinflammatory mediators, and it alleviated airway inflammation by SiONPs exposure. In addition, silibinin administration effectively suppressed the elevation of TXNIP/MAPKs/AP-1 signaling by SiONPs exposure. Taken together, silibinin effectively inhibited SiONPs-induced inflammatory responses, and this effect was closely related to the inhibition of TXNIP/MAPK/AP-1 signaling. These results suggested that silibinin might be useful for reducing pulmonary inflammation induced by SiONPs.

3.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; 112: 104618, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087352

RESUMO

Silica dioxide nanoparticles (SiONPs) are mainly used in the rubber industry; however, they are a major air pollutant in Asia. Thus, extensive research on this issue is required. In this study, we investigated the effects of SiONPs on asthma aggravation and elucidated the underlying mechanism using ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthmatic mice model and in NCI-H292 cells. Mice exposed to SiONPs showed markedly increased Penh values, inflammatory cell counts, and inflammatory cytokine levels compared to OVA-induced asthmatic mice. Exposure to SiONPs also induced additional airway inflammation and mucus secretion with increases in protein expression levels of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), NOD-like receptor pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, and interleukin (IL)-1ß compared to those in OVA-induced asthmatic mice. Treatment of SiONPs in NCI-H292 cells also significantly increased mRNA expression levels of inflammatory cytokines accompanied with elevation in the levels of TXNIP, NLRP3 inflammasome, and IL-1ß proteins in a concentration-dependent manner. Taken together, exposure to SiONPs aggravated asthma development, which is closely related to inflammasome activation. Our results provide useful information about the toxicological effects of SiONPs on asthma exacerbation and suggest the need to avoid SiONP exposure especially in individuals with respiratory diseases.

4.
Phytomedicine ; 67: 153159, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scrophularia buergeriana Miq. (Scrophulariaceae) (SB) has been used as an oriental medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, such as neuritis and pharyngolaryngitis. PURPOSE: We explored the therapeutic effects of S. buergeriana ethanol extract (SBE) on airway inflammation in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthmatic mice and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. METHODS: Mice were intraperitoneally injected with OVA on days 0 and 14 to elevate the immune response. On days 21 to 23, the mice were challenged with OVA solution and SBE (20 and 40 mg/kg) was administered daily by oral gavage from days 18 to 23. RAW264.7 cells were pretreated with SBE 1 h before LPS stimulation. RESULTS: SBE administration effectively suppressed inflammatory cell infiltration, the expression of interleukin (IL)-5, IL-13, and IL-17, immunoglobulin E, and airway hyperresponsiveness in an OVA-induced allergic asthma model. A reduction in histological alterations, including airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion, was observed. These effects of SBE were accompanied by a decrease in matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) phosphorylation. These responses were observed in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. SBE treatment reduced the mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6, and MMP-9, and NF-κB phosphorylation, in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that SBE effectively attenuated airway inflammation in an OVA-induced allergic asthma model. These properties of SBE were thought to be involved in the suppression of NF-κB phosphorylation, suggesting that the material has the potential to regulate the development of allergic asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Scrophularia/química , Animais , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade/tratamento farmacológico , Hipersensibilidade/fisiopatologia , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/efeitos adversos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Células RAW 264.7
5.
Phytother Res ; 34(3): 624-633, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724257

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated whether 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (HA) has a palliative effect on asthmatic inflammatory responses using a mouse model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma. The mice were divided into five groups, each consisting of seven females (normal control phosphate-buffered saline); OVA (OVA sensitization/challenge); dexamethasone (DEX, OVA sensitization/challenge + dexamethasone 3 mg/kg); HA-10 and HA-20 OVA sensitization/challenge + HA 10 and 20 mg/kg, respectively). Mice treated with HA showed a reduction in airway hyperresponsiveness and in the number of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) compared with asthmatic control. HA treatment also reduced the levels of interleukin (IL)-5 and IL-13 in BALF and of OVA-specific immunoglobulin E in the serum compared with asthmatic control. HA treatment relieved airway inflammation and mucus overproduction caused by OVA exposure. Additionally, HA inhibited the increases in levels of nuclear factor kappa B, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and cyclooxygenase-2 that normally occur after OVA exposure. HA treatment also reduced the activity and protein level of matrix metalloproteinase-9. Taken together, HA effectively suppressed asthmatic airway inflammation and mucus production caused by OVA exposure. These findings indicate that HA has the potential to be used as a therapeutic agent for asthma.

6.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(1): 1151-1156, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Melatonin has various biological activities that improve the health of an individual. We evaluated the effects of melatonin on inflammatory response in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), focusing on the regulation of SIRT1 expression. METHODS: To investigate the effect of melatonin, we used cigarette smoke (CS)-induced COPD mouse model and CS condensate (CSC)-stimulated J774 macrophage cells. RESULTS: CSC-stimulated J774 macrophages exhibited increased p65 acetylation with a reduction in SIRT1 expression. However, melatonin induced the enhancement of SIRT1 expression, which eventually decreased p65 acetylation in CSC-stimulated J774 cells. Melatonin-treated mice exhibited an enhancement in SIRT1 expression with the reduction in p65 acetylation, which decreased the level of inflammatory mediators induced by CS. Additionally, SIRT1 inhibitor treatment increased the level of inflammatory mediators, which was accompanied by an increase in p65 acetylation. However, cotreatment with melatonin and an SIRT1 inhibitor reduced the level of inflammatory mediators compared with that by treatment with the SIRT1 inhibitor alone, which was accompanied by elevation in SIRT1 expression and reduction in p65 acetylation. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the results indicated that melatonin has therapeutic effects against COPD, owing to its property to enhance SIRT1 expression.

7.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 314, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malarone® is a drug used for the treatment of malaria in humans. This drug is also particularly effective in the treatment of canine Babesia gibsoni infections. Malarone® is rarely used in dogs, and its adverse effects have not been widely reported. Its mechanism of action is related to the inhibition of cytochrome b and electron transport in the cell. This is the first known report of the development of acute pancreatitis and alopecia in a dog following the administration of Malarone®. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-year-old, intact, female Maltese was referred to our clinic with intermittent vomiting and sudden, generalized alopecia. Two months previously, the dog had been prescribed Malarone® for the treatment of a suspected B. gibsoni infection. The dog was evaluated using hematology, radiography, ultrasonography, a PCR for Babesia detection, and a canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) assay. The result of the PCR test was negative, whereas the cPLI assay yielded a positive result. Dermatologic examination revealed bacterial infection with hair cycle arrest. CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings, drug-induced acute pancreatitis and alopecia with superficial pyoderma were diagnosed. Malarone® may induce severe adverse reactions in dogs. Therefore, careful monitoring for adverse effects is required when using Malarone® in dogs.


Assuntos
Alopecia/veterinária , Antimaláricos/efeitos adversos , Atovaquona/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Cão/induzido quimicamente , Pancreatite/veterinária , Proguanil/efeitos adversos , Alopecia/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Atovaquona/uso terapêutico , Babesiose/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico , Cães , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , Proguanil/uso terapêutico
8.
Cell Biol Int ; 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293030

RESUMO

Cardiac differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells may be induced under chemically defined conditions, wherein the regulation of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway is often desirable. Here, we examined the effect of trolox, a vitamin E analog, on the cardiac differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). 6-Hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchromane-2-carboxylic acid (Trolox) significantly enhanced cardiac differentiation in a time- and dose-dependent manner after the mesodermal differentiation of hESCs. Trolox promoted hESC cardiac differentiation through its inhibitory activity against the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. This study demonstrates an efficient cardiac differentiation method and reveals a novel Wnt/ß-catenin regulator.

9.
Arch Toxicol ; 93(8): 2335-2346, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256211

RESUMO

This study investigated whether protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) and the cannabinoid system are involved in cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. Cisplatin increased cytosine-cytosine-adenosine-adenosine-thymidine-enhancer-binding protein homologous protein expression. This effect is indicative of an increase in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and apoptosis signaling including cleavage of caspase-3, caspase-9, poly-adenosine diphosphate-ribose polymerase, and phospho-p53, as well as expression of PRMT3, PRMT4 and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)1 in House Ear Institute-Organ of Corti 1 (HEI-OC1) cells. In addition, overexpression of PRMT3 or PRMT4 increased the expression of FAAH1 expression, apoptosis, and ER stress signaling in HEI-OC1 cells, whereas PRMT3 or PRMT4 knockdown had the opposite effect. Furthermore, overexpression of FAAH1 increased apoptosis and ER stress, but expression of the PRMTs was unchanged. In addition, a cannabinoid 1 receptor agonist and FAAH inhibitor attenuated apoptosis and ER stress, while cisplatin increased the binding of PRMT3 with FAAH1. In the in vivo experiments, cisplatin was injected intraperitoneally at 6 mg/kg/day into C57BL/6 mice, and 7 days later, this study confirmed that PRMT3 and PRMT4 were upregulated in the organ of Corti of the mice. These results indicate that cisplatin-induced ototoxicity was correlated with PRMT3, PRMT4 and the cannabinoid system, and PRMT3 binding with FAAH1 was increased by cisplatin in HEI-OC1 cells. Therefore, this study suggests that PRMT3 mediates cisplatin-induced ototoxicity via interaction with FAAH1 in vitro and in vivo.

10.
Neural Regen Res ; 14(9): 1530-1535, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089051

RESUMO

Sodium butyrate is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that affects various types of brain damages. To investigate the effects of sodium butyrate on hippocampal dysfunction that occurs after whole-brain irradiation in animal models and the effect of sodium butyrate on radiation exposure-induced cognitive impairments, adult C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally treated with 0.6 g/kg sodium butyrate before exposure to 10 Gy cranial irradiation. Cognitive impairment in adult C57BL/6 mice was evaluated via an object recognition test 30 days after irradiation. We also detected the expression levels of neurogenic cell markers (doublecortin) and phosphorylated cAMP response element binding protein/brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Radiation-exposed mice had decreased cognitive function and hippocampal doublecortin and phosphorylated cAMP response element binding protein/brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression. Sodium butyrate pretreatment reversed these changes. These findings suggest that sodium butyrate can improve radiation-induced cognitive dysfunction through inhibiting the decrease in hippocampal phosphorylated cAMP response element binding protein/brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression. The study procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Korea Institute of Radiological Medical Sciences (approval No. KIRAMS16-0002) on December 30, 2016.

11.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 129: 201-210, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31039387

RESUMO

This study investigated the protective effects of melatonin (MT) against cisplatin (CP)-induced acute kidney injury in rats as well as its possible mechanism of action associated with anti-aging protein Klotho. The following four experimental groups were evaluated: vehicle control, CP (7 mg/kg), CP&MT20 (20 mg/kg/day), and CP&MT40 (40 mg/kg/day). The concomitant administration of MT significantly ameliorated CP-induced acute kidney injury in rats, as evidenced by increased kidney weight, increased serum levels of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, and increased incidence of histopathological alterations with renal tubular cell apoptosis. In addition, MT treatment protected kidney tissue against oxidative damages and significantly upregulated the expression level of Klotho decreased by CP treatment, resulting in reduced phosphorylation of protein kinase B (AKT) and forkhead box O (FOXO) as well as reduced expression levels of B-cell lymphoma 2-associated X protein (Bax) and caspase-3. MT not only partially regulated oxidative stress via AKT/FOXO signaling, but also reduced apoptosis caused by CP by inhibiting the Bax/caspase-3 pathway. Our results indicated that MT could prevent acute kidney injury induced by CP in rats, presumably through upregulating the expression of Klotho, resulting in elevated anti-oxidant and anti-apoptotic properties.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Cisplatino/toxicidade , Melatonina/farmacologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Glucuronidase/metabolismo , Glucuronidase/fisiologia , Glutationa/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(8)2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30991656

RESUMO

Dipsacus asperoides C. Y. Cheng et T. M. Ai (DA) has been used in China as a traditional medicine to treat lumbar and knee pain, liver dysfunction, and fractures. We explored the suppressive effect of DA on allergic asthma using an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma model. In the asthma model, female Balb/c mice were sensitized to OVA on day 0 and 14 to boost immune responses and then exposed to OVA solution by using an ultrasonic nebulizer on days 21 to 23. DA (20 and 40 mg/kg) was administered to mice by oral gavage on days 18 to 23. Methacholine responsiveness was determined on day 24 using a plethysmography. On day 25, we collected bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, serum, and lung tissue from animals under anesthesia. DA treatment effectively inhibited methacholine responsiveness, inflammatory cell infiltration, proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-5 and IL-13, and immunoglobulin (Ig) E in OVA-induced asthma model. Reductions in airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion, accompanied by decreases in the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), were also observed. Our results indicated that DA attenuated the asthmatic response, and that this attenuation was closely linked to NF-κB suppression. Thus, this study suggests that DA is a potential therapeutic for allergic asthma.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Dipsacaceae , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Asma/etiologia , Asma/imunologia , Dipsacaceae/química , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Feminino , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Interleucina-13/imunologia , Interleucina-5/imunologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Ovalbumina/imunologia
13.
Phytomedicine ; 59: 152777, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoke (CS) is a major contributor to the high incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) featured as chronic inflammation and airway obstruction. Mahuang-Tang is a traditional polyherbal mixture composed of four different herbs. It is widely used in Asia as a remedy for allergic reaction and inflammation. PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of a modificated Mahuang-Tang water extract (MTWE) against airway inflammation caused by CS and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice and cigarette smoke condensate (CSC)-stimulated NCI-H292 cells. METHODS: CS exposed to animals for 1 h per day from day 1 to day 7 and treated with LPS intranasally on day 4. One hour before CS exposure, animals were received MTWE (50 or 100 mg/kg) by oral gavage. Inflammatory cell count and cytokines levels were measured in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Expression levels of matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) were analyzed by western blotting. RESULTS: MTWE markedly decreased the neutrophil and other inflammatory cell counts in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and reduced proinflammatory mediators as evidenced by the decreases in inflammatory cell recruitment in lung tissue. Furthermore, MTWE meaningfully declined MMP-9 expression and reduced the Erk phosphorylation, caused by the CS and LPS exposure. In in vitro experiments, MTWE suppressed the elevated expression of proinflammatory cytokines induced by CSC treatment. MTWE reduced Erk phosphorylation and MMP-9 expression in CSC-stimulated H292 cells. CONCLUSION: Overall, MTWE effectively inhibited the pulmonary inflammation and MMP-9 expression caused by the CS and LPS exposure, which was closely involved in suppression of Erk phosphorylation. These results suggest that MTWE possesses a potential for the treatment of COPD.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Citocinas/genética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/patologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia/patologia
14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 68: 124-130, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30622029

RESUMO

S-Allyl cysteine (SAC) is an active component in garlic and has various pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer activities. In this study, we explored the suppressive effects of SAC on allergic airway inflammation induced in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma mouse model. To induce asthma, BALB/c mice were sensitized to OVA on days 0 and 14 by intraperitoneal injection and exposed to OVA from days 21 to 23 using a nebulizer. SAC was administered to mice by oral gavage at a dose of 10 or 20 mg/kg from days 18 to 23. SAC significantly reduced airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammatory cell counts, and Th2 type cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid induced by OVA exposure, which was accompanied by reduced serum OVA-specific immunoglobulin E. In histological analysis of the lung tissue, administration of SAC reduced inflammatory cell accumulation into lung tissue and mucus production in airway goblet cells induced by OVA exposure. Additionally, SAC significantly decreased MUC5AC expression and nuclear factor-κB phosphorylation induced by OVA exposure. In summary, SAC effectively suppressed allergic airway inflammation and mucus production in OVA-challenged asthmatic mice. Therefore, SAC shows potential for use in treating allergic asthma.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Cisteína/análogos & derivados , Eosinofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Alérgenos , Animais , Antiasmáticos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Asma/imunologia , Asma/patologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Cisteína/farmacologia , Cisteína/uso terapêutico , Citocinas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eosinofilia/imunologia , Eosinofilia/patologia , Feminino , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Muco/metabolismo , Ovalbumina
15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 862, 2019 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30696844

RESUMO

Benzofuran derivatives have wide range of biological activities as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticonvulsant agent. In this study, we investigated whether the novel benzofuran derivative, DK-1014 has the anti-inflammatory effects on macrophage and lung epithelial cells and anti-asthmatic effects on ovalbumin-treated mice. A series of 2-arylbenzofuran analogues were synthesized and evaluated for NO and interleukin-6 (IL-6) inhibition in LPS-stimulated Raw264.7 cells. Of these analogues, compounds 8, 22a, 22d, and 22 f (DK-1014) exhibited notable inhibitory activity with respect to IL-6 and NO production. In particular, compound DK-1014 strongly reduced IL-6, IL-8, and MMP-9 mRNA expression and IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1 production in phorbol myristate acetate stimulated A549 cells, reduced MAPKs phosphorylation and c-fos translocation, and attenuated AKT, p70S6K and GSK phosphorylation. In vivo experiments were also performed on ovalbumin-sensitized and challenged BALB/c mice. DK-1014 reduced the airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammatory cell counts and cytokine levels (IL-4, 5, 13) in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and immunoglobulin E in serum, and attenuated inflammatory cell infiltration and mucus hypersecretion in lung tissue. These findings indicate that DK-1014 can protect against allergic airway inflammation through the AP-1 and AKT/mTOR pathways and could be useful source for the development of a therapeutic agent for asthma.

16.
Nutrients ; 10(11)2018 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30400352

RESUMO

Garlic (Allium sativum) has traditionally been used as a medicinal food and exhibits various beneficial activities, such as antitumor, antimicrobial, hypolipidemic, antiarthritic, and hypoglycemic activities. The aim of this study was to explore the preventive effect of garlic oil (GO) and its organosulfur component diallyl disulfide (DADS) on cigarette smoke (CS)-induced airway inflammation. Mice were exposed to CS daily for 1 h (equivalent to eight cigarettes per day) for two weeks, and intranasally instilled with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on day 12 after the initiation of CS exposure. GO and DADS were administered to mice by oral gavage, both at rates of 20 and 40 mg/kg, for 1 h before CS exposure for two weeks. In the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, GO and DADS inhibited the elevation in the counts of inflammatory cells, particularly neutrophils, which were induced in the CS and LPS (CS + LPS) group. This was accompanied by the lowered production (relative to the CS + LPS group) of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α. Histologically, GO and DADS inhibited the CS- and LPS-induced infiltration of inflammatory cells into lung tissues. Additionally, GO and DADS inhibited the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in the lung tissues. Taken together, these findings indicate that GO and DADS could be a potential preventive agent in CS-induced airway inflammation.


Assuntos
Compostos Alílicos/farmacologia , Dissulfetos/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Sulfetos/farmacologia , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Alho/química , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
17.
Molecules ; 23(10)2018 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30274192

RESUMO

Galgeun-tang water extract (GGWE) is used to treat various diseases such as the common cold, eczema and asthma in China and Korea. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of GGWE using a cigarette smoke (CS)- and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced induced pulmonary inflammation mouse model. The mice were exposed to CS for a total of seven days (eight cigarettes per day for 1 h) and LPS was administered intranasally to mice on day 4. GGWE was administered by oral gavage at doses of 50 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg 1 h before exposure to CS. GGWE decreased inflammatory cell counts, and expression of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from mice exposed to CS and LPS. GGWE reduced the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), as well as the phosphorylation of inhibitor of kappa-B subunit alpha (IκBα) and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) in CS- and LPS-exposed mice. Histological examinations revealed that GGWE suppressed inflammatory cell infiltration into lung tissue compared to untreated CS- and LPS-exposed mice. In conclusion, GGWE effectively suppressed CS- and LPS-induced pulmonary inflammation. Our results indicate that GGWE may be used as a protective drug to control pulmonary inflammation diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Tabaco/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Pneumonia/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
18.
Lab Anim Res ; 34(3): 92-100, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30310405

RESUMO

Water extract of guibi-tang (GB), a traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean herbal medicine, is used to treat memory impairment, insomnia, and peptic ulcers. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of GB on pulmonary inflammation induced by cigarette smoke (CS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). C57BL/6 mice were used to develop a pulmonary inflammation model by exposing them to CS for 1 h per day for 7 days. LPS was intranasally administered to mice under mild anesthesia on day 5. GB was administered 1 h before CS exposure at doses of 50 or 100 mg/kg for 7 days. Our results showed that GB suppressed the CS and LPS induced elevation in inflammatory cell counts in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), with significant reductions in protein, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6 levels. Histological studies revealed that GB decreased the inflammatory cell infiltration into lung tissue caused by CS- and LPS-exposure. GB also significantly decreased the CS and LPS-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the lung tissue. Taken together, GB effectively attenuated airway inflammation caused by CS and LPS. These results indicate that GB is a potential therapeutic herbal formula for pulmonary inflammatory disease.

19.
Lab Anim Res ; 34(3): 111-117, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30310407

RESUMO

Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is a male reproductive disease that has gained increasing importance in recent years. The present study investigated whether Pycnogenol® (PYC), a standardized French maritime pine bark extract, could prevent BPH induced by testosterone propionate (TP) in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups of six rats. One group was used as a normal control rats and the other groups received subcutaneous injections of TP for 4 weeks to induce BPH. In the two treatment groups, PYC (20 or 40 mg/kg) was administered daily for 4 weeks by oral gavage concurrently with the induction of TP. All rats were sacrificed at the scheduled termination time, the prostates were weighed, and histopathologic examinations were conducted. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) levels in serum and the prostate were measured, and the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 proteins was investigated. BPH-treated animals showed increases in the relative weight of the prostate, higher concentrations of DHT in serum and the prostate, and higher expression of PCNA and Ki-67 in the prostate; in contrast, PYC-treated animals had significant reductions in these factors compared with the BPH animals. These findings indicated that PYC inhibited the development of BPH and that this was closely associated with a reduction in DHT concentration.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1064, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30298007

RESUMO

So-Cheong-Ryoung-Tang is a traditionally used herbal formula for the treatment of pulmonary diseases in China, Korea, and Japan. We investigated the protective effects of So-Cheong-Ryong-Tang water extract (SCWE) in cigarette smoke concentrate (CSC) stimulated human airway epithelial cell line NCI-H292 and mice exposed cigarette smoke (CS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the CSC-stimulated NCI-H292 cells, SCWE inhibited proinflammatory cytokines in a concentration-dependent manner, as evidenced by a reduction in their mRNA levels. Also, SCWE significant reduced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) phosphorylation in CSC-stimulated cells. The mice were exposed to CS for 1 h per day (a total of eight cigarettes per day) for 7 days and received LPS intranasally on day 5. The mice were administered a dose of SCWE (100 and 200 mg/kg) 1 h before CS exposure. In in vivo, SCWE decreased the inflammatory cell count and reduced the expression of the proinflammatory cytokines in the broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) compared with CS and LPS exposed mice. SCWE attenuated inflammatory cell infiltration in airway induced by CS and LPS exposure, and this decrease was accompanied by a reduction in the expression levels of iNOS and MMP-9 in lung tissue. The extract also inhibited the phosphorylation of inhibitor of kappa B alpha (IκBα) and NF-κB induced by CS and LPS exposure in lung tissue. These results suggest that SCWE may effectively inhibit airway inflammatory responses induced by CS and LPS exposure via the NF-κB pathway. Therefore, SCWE may be a potential treatment for airway inflammatory diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

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