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1.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(21)2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771960

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to examine toothbrush-induced abrasion of resin composite restorations fabricated with flowable resin composites of different viscosities in vitro. In this study, six types of flowable resin composites with different flowability (Beautifil Flow F02, F02; Beautifil Flow F10, F10; Beautifil Flow Plus F00, P00; Beautifil Flow Plus F03, P03; Beautifil Flow Plus X F00, X00; and Beautifil Flow Plus X F03, X03) were used. For the toothbrush abrasion test, the standard cavity (4 mm in diameter and 2 mm in depth) formed on the ceramic block was filled with each flowable resin composite (n = 10) and brushed for up to 40,000 strokes in a suspension containing commercial toothpaste under the conditions of 500 g load, 60 strokes/min, and 30 mm stroke distance. After every 10,000 strokes, the brushed surface of the specimen was impressed with a silicone rubber material. The amount of toothbrush-induced abrasion observed on each impression of the specimen was measured using a wide-area 3D measurement device (n = 10). The viscosity was determined using a cone-and-plate rotational measurement system. Because of the effect of different shear rates on viscosity and clinical use, the values 1.0 and 2.0 s-1 were adopted as data (n = 6). In this study, the results of the toothbrush abrasion test demonstrated no significant differences in the amount of toothbrush-induced abrasion among flowable resin composites used (p > 0.05). No significant correlation was reported between toothbrush-induced abrasion and viscosities of flowable resin composites.

2.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1094-1099, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980750

RESUMO

The present study aimed to evaluate the dentin bond strengths of all-in-one adhesives in combination with flowable-resin-composites of different manufacturers. The materials used in this study were two all-in-one adhesives (BeautiBond Multi, BM, and Clearfil Bond SE ONE, SE) and four flowable resin composites (Clearfil Majesty ES Flow, CME; Estelite Flow Quick, EFQ; MI Flow II, MIF; and Beautifil Flow Plus F03, BFP). By combining each all-in-one adhesive and flowable resin composite, eight experimental groups were established. The shear bond strengths (SBSs) in each group were measured, and the data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance. The SBSs of the group that used SE showed no significant differences among all flowable resin composites (p>0.05), whereas those of the group that used BM showed significant differences between BFP and CME, and CME and EFQ. The combinations showed dentin bond strength ranging approximately from 20 to 30 MPa.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
3.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1136-1141, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024883

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of the multi-ion releasing paste (MP) on the acid resistance of the enamel surface of an extracted human tooth. Five kinds of MP were prepared according to the content (wt%) of S-PRG fillers: 0 wt% (MP0, control), 1 wt% (MP1), 5 wt% (MP5), 20 wt% (MP20), and 30 wt% (MP30). The buccal coronal surfaces of the extracted anterior teeth were polished with each kind of MP for 1 min. After removing radicular parts, the coronal parts underwent a pH cycling, and then sliced to make thin sections. The lesion depth of each section was measured using a polarization microscope. Each lesion's depth of enamel polished with MP5, MP20, and MP30 was significantly shallower than that polished with MP0.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Propriedades de Superfície
4.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1151-1159, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024886

RESUMO

The purpose of this multicenter clinical study was to compare the mid-term clinical effectiveness of direct resin composite restorations using one-step or two-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs or 2-SEAs). In total, 352 restorations of class I-V cavities and non-carious cervical lesions in vital teeth (1-SEAs; 52 cases, 2-SEAs; 300 cases) were placed at nine university hospitals and evaluated according to the modified USPHS criteria at baseline, and after 1, 2, and 3 years. The recall rates were 86.6% (1 year), 80.1% (2 years), and 62.2% (3 years). Two restorations failed due to fracture during the follow-up, and there was no significant difference in survival rates between 1-SEAs (97.6%) and 2-SEAs (99.4%). However, 2-SEAs exhibited significantly lower occurrences of discoloration, marginal discoloration, fracture, and plaque retention. Moreover, the subjects reported a significantly lower postoperative hypersensitivity and higher overall satisfaction at all evaluation periods if 2-SEAs were used.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente , Colo do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Cimentos de Resina , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(9)2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33919304

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of combining specific adhesive materials and various surface treatments on bonding durability and microleakage of vertically fractured roots. Adhesive models were prepared using bovine lower incisors. The experiment included the following five groups: SB-G group (control) (10% citric acid with 3% ferric chloride solution (10-3 solution) + an adhesive resin cement (4-META/MMA-TBB; Super-Bond®)), EC group (self-cure bonding agent (UB) + core composite resin (EC)), EC-G group (10-3 solution + UB + EC), EC-P group (40% phosphate solution + UB + EC), and EC-E group (18% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) solution + UB + EC). After applying a load of 50,000 cycles, microleakage, microtensile bond strength (µTBS), and failure modes were examined. Microleakage of the EC, EC-G, and EC-E groups was significantly lower than that of the EC-P group. The µTBS of the EC-G group was significantly higher than that of the other groups. All EC groups showed that mixed (cohesive and adhesive) and adhesive failures were the most prevalent types of failure modes. The EC-G group showed the highest bonding durability and the lowest microleakage results, which indicates a possible alternative to current adhesive and tooth surface treatments.

6.
Dent Mater ; 37(6): 972-982, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of direct pulp capping using an experimental self-adhesive resin for direct pulp capping (SRD) containing silica and surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler on pulpal healing and to monitor the dentin bridge formation in rat pulp 2-4 weeks after operation. METHODS: Five types of SRDs (SRD-0: S-PRG fillers 0 wt%; SRD-1: S-PRG fillers 9.1 wt%; SRD-2: S-PRG fillers 18.4 wt%; SRD-3: S-PRG fillers 27.8 wt%; and SRD-6: S-PRG fillers 57.4 wt%) were prepared, and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was used as control (n = 8). Direct pulp capping was performed on rats that were sacrificed for further evaluation 2 or 4 weeks after the operation. The pulp tissue disorganization (PTD), inflammatory cell infiltration (ICI), and reparative dentin formation were histopathologically evaluated; the data were statistically analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis and the Mann-Whitney U tests. RESULTS: The histopathological evaluation of SRD-1-treated test animals 2 weeks post-operation revealed inferior PTD and ICI when compared with that of MTA. Even 4 weeks after the operation in SRD-1- and SRD-2-treated rats, the PTD and ICI were inferior when compared with those of MTA. The dental specimens of SRD-0 and MTA showed orthodentin formation, whereas SRD-treated test animals showed osteodentin formation at a position slightly deeper than the site of the pulpal exposure. SIGNIFICANCE: The reparative dentin formed by SRD-0 and MTA was genuine, whereas that formed by SRD-3 and SRD-6 was ossified and ectopic. SRD may have the potential to be utilized clinically as a direct pulp capping material.


Assuntos
Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia , Animais , Cimentos Dentários , Polpa Dentária , Ratos , Cimentos de Resina , Dióxido de Silício
7.
Dent Mater J ; 40(1): 16-25, 2021 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779607

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of various surface treatments on the bond strength of a resin luting agent and the surface roughness and surface energy of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) materials. Four types of CAD/CAM blocks (Shofu Block HC: BHC; GC Cerasmart: CER; VITA Enamic: ENA; and Lava Ultimate: LAV) were used. All blocks were randomly divided into eight groups based on the surface treatment as follows: no surface treatment (C), airborne-particle abrasion (AA), hydrofluoric acid etching (HA), silane coupling agent application (SL), AA/SL, HA/SL, AA/HA, and AA/HA/SL. The microtensile bond strength (µTBS), surface roughness and surface energy were measured. Three-way ANOVA revealed that all surface treatments significantly influenced the µTBS between the resin luting agent and all types of CAD/CAM materials; however, the effect of each surface treatment on surface roughness and energy was dependent on the CAD/CAM materials.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
Odontology ; 109(1): 67-75, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556972

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine bactericidal effects of a new antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on dentin plates infected with Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus). First, we measured the amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced when new photosensitizer (PS), acid red (AR), and brilliant blue (BB) were irradiated with a semiconductor laser. ROS generated from each PS solution by laser irradiation was calculated as the total light emission amount (Relative Light Unit, RLU) using a chemiluminescence measuring device. Second, we examined bactericidal effects of the aPDT on dentin plates infected with L. acidophilus. The bactericidal effects on each group were evaluated by colony count assay and adenosine triphosphate assay. The experimental groups comprised two laser irradiation groups (650 nm laser, 650laser; and 940 nm laser, 940laser), two PS groups (BB and AR), four aPDT groups (650 nm laser irradiation with BB, 650laser-BB; 650 nm laser irradiation with AR, 650laser-AR; 940 nm laser irradiation with BB, 940laser-BB; 940 nm laser irradiation with AR, 940laser-AR), and a control. The ROS in all aPDT groups was significantly higher than in the control. RLU in all groups applied with laser irradiation was significantly lower than that in the control. However, only 650laser-BB showed significantly lower colony counts than the control. 650laser-BB was the most effective in sterilizing the infected dentin plates.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Fotoquimioterapia , Dentina , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia
9.
Dent Mater J ; 38(3): 418-423, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30814451

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of silane coupling treatment and airborne-particle abrasion (APA) on shear bond strength (SBS) between photo-cured bulk-fill flowable composite resin and 12% silver-palladium-copper-gold (Ag-Pd-CuAu) alloy using self-adhesive resin cement. The six experimental groups were compared using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey Kramer's post-hoc test to compare SBS values among the six groups at a 95% confidence level. The SBS of APA groups was significantly higher than non-APA groups. The SBS of the specimens with silane coupling treatment increased slightly compared with specimens without silane coupling treatment. The combination of resin coating with bulk-fill resin and self-adhesive resin cement could be clinically useful when restoring a cavity with a noble metal.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Óxido de Alumínio , Resinas Compostas , Cobre , Cimentos Dentários , Ligas de Ouro , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Silanos , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície
10.
Lasers Med Sci ; 34(1): 99-105, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30091060

RESUMO

We aimed at examining the effects of a percentage of air/water in spray on the cutting efficiency of Er,Cr:YSGG laser for enamel and dentin. The intensity and frequency of irradiation were 3.0 W and 20 Hz for the enamel surface and 2.0 W and 20 Hz for the dentin surface, respectively. Flattened surfaces of enamel and dentin were irradiated at nine points for approximately 1 s under various percentages of air/water in spray using Er,Cr:YSGG laser. A high-speed video microscope was used to record each laser irradiation on the tooth surface. A slow video image was used to count the number of water micro-explosions yielded on the tooth surface during laser irradiation. A surface roughness tester was used to measure the depth of the dimple prepared with laser irradiation on each specimen. Each individual depth of dimple was divided by the number of water micro-explosions (pulse). This allowed for the calculation of the cutting depth per pulse. Following laser irradiation, several representative specimens were observed using an SEM. Two-way ANOVA was used as the statistical analysis. This revealed that there was no significant effect of the percentage of air/water in spray on the cutting depth for enamel surface (p > 0.05). On the contrary, a significant effect was observed in air-ratio for dentin cutting (p < 0.05). Both enamel and dentin were characterized by the presence of rough surfaces, as shown by the SEM images of the dimples. The percentage of air/water in spray was not significantly effective in laser cutting for enamel. Air-percentage was significantly effective in laser cutting for dentin.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação , Ar , Cromo/química , Érbio/química , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Dente/efeitos da radiação , Água/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos da radiação , Esmalte Dentário/ultraestrutura , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Humanos
11.
Aust Endod J ; 45(2): 265-273, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30402989

RESUMO

This report shows the healing process of an exposed pulp carbonised by CO2 laser irradiation prior to the application of a capping material. Six intact teeth from four volunteers were irradiated by CO2 laser and randomly capped with either an adhesive resin (SE bond) (n = 3) or calcium hydroxide-based cement (Dycal) (n = 3). The laser was operated in super-pulsed mode (power output, 0.5 W) for an irradiation time of 30 s. All cavities were restored with composite resin. Each tooth was extracted at approximately 30, 50 or 260 days post treatment and prepared for histological evaluation. CO2 laser irradiation controlled exudate and bleeding from each exposed pulp. Histological images revealed Dycal promoted complete dentine bridge formation at the carbonised pulp surface, and laser energy affected not only the pulp surface but also the deeper part of the pulp chamber.


Assuntos
Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Dentina Secundária , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Dióxido de Carbono , Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Cimentos de Resina
12.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 26: e20160652, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29412366

RESUMO

The relationship between wear resistance and filler size or filler loading was clarified for the universal resin composite; however, their relationship in flowable resin composites has not been clarified. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of filler size and filler loading on wear of experimental flowable resin composites by using a cyclic loading device. Nine experimental flowable resin composites consisting of three different sizes (70, 200 and 400 nm) and loading (50, 55 and 60 wt%) of filler were prepared. Bowl-shaped cavities were prepared on a flat surface of ceramic blocks using a No. 149 regular cut diamond point. The cavities were treated with a silane coupling agent and an all-in-one adhesive and then filled with each experimental flowable resin composite. The restored surfaces were finished and polished with a 1500-grit silicon carbide paper. The specimens were subjected to an in vitro two-body wear test using a cyclic loading device. The localized worn surfaces were evaluated at 10,000, 20,000, 30,000, and 40,000 cycles using a computer-controlled three-dimensional measuring microscope (n=5). The volumetric wear loss of the materials was calculated automatically by the equipment. Data were statistically analyzed with two-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey test. Two-way ANOVA showed that the filler size significantly influenced wear volume (p<0.003), but the filler loading did not have a significant effect (p>0.05). A post hoc Tukey test detected significant differences in filler size between 70 nm and 400 nm, and 200 nm and 400 nm (p<0.007). The experimental flowable resin composite containing a mean filler size of 400 nm exhibited significantly lower wear resistance in two-body wear compared with those containing mean filler sizes of 200 nm or 70 nm.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Desgaste de Restauração Dentária , Metacrilatos/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Análise de Variância , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Tamanho da Partícula , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Odontology ; 106(2): 154-161, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071451

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the bactericidal effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on an infected dentin model. Dentin plates were prepared from extracted human molars and infected through immersion in a solution of Streptococcus mutans. The nine experimental groups consisted of two laser irradiation groups (650 nm laser: 650 laser and 940 nm laser: 940 laser), two photosensitizer groups (methylene blue: MB, and azulenocyanine: Azc), four aPDT groups (650 nm laser irradiation of MB: 650 laser-MB, 650 nm laser irradiation of Azc: 650 laser-Azc, 940 nm laser irradiation of MB: 940 laser-MB and 940 nm laser irradiation of Azc: 940 laser-Azc) and a control. The bactericidal effects on each group were evaluated by colony count and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) assays. Based on the results of the colony count assay, the 650 laser-MB and 940 laser-MB groups formed significantly fewer colonies than the other experimental groups. Significantly fewer colonies were observed in the 940 laser-Azc group than in the control, but significant differences in the numbers of colonies were not observed between the 650 laser-Azc and control groups. The 940 laser group formed slightly fewer colonies than the 650 laser group, but the difference was not significant. In addition, the number of colonies in the MB group was significantly less than the number in the Azc group. The results of the ATP assay were similar to those of the colony count assay. aPDT with MB showed a significant bactericidal effect on dentin plates infected with S. mutans.


Assuntos
Dentina/microbiologia , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Azulenos/farmacologia , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Dente Molar , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Esterilização/métodos , Streptococcus mutans , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160652, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-893729

RESUMO

Abstract The relationship between wear resistance and filler size or filler loading was clarified for the universal resin composite; however, their relationship in flowable resin composites has not been clarified. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of filler size and filler loading on wear of experimental flowable resin composites by using a cyclic loading device. Material and Methods: Nine experimental flowable resin composites consisting of three different sizes (70, 200 and 400 nm) and loading (50, 55 and 60 wt%) of filler were prepared. Bowl-shaped cavities were prepared on a flat surface of ceramic blocks using a No. 149 regular cut diamond point. The cavities were treated with a silane coupling agent and an all-in-one adhesive and then filled with each experimental flowable resin composite. The restored surfaces were finished and polished with a 1500-grit silicon carbide paper. The specimens were subjected to an in vitro two-body wear test using a cyclic loading device. The localized worn surfaces were evaluated at 10,000, 20,000, 30,000, and 40,000 cycles using a computer-controlled three-dimensional measuring microscope (n=5). The volumetric wear loss of the materials was calculated automatically by the equipment. Data were statistically analyzed with two-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey test. Results: Two-way ANOVA showed that the filler size significantly influenced wear volume (p<0.003), but the filler loading did not have a significant effect (p>0.05). A post hoc Tukey test detected significant differences in filler size between 70 nm and 400 nm, and 200 nm and 400 nm (p<0.007). Conclusion: The experimental flowable resin composite containing a mean filler size of 400 nm exhibited significantly lower wear resistance in two-body wear compared with those containing mean filler sizes of 200 nm or 70 nm.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Desgaste de Restauração Dentária , Metacrilatos/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Valores de Referência , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Variância
15.
Dent Mater J ; 36(3): 348-356, 2017 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28190811

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to histologically evaluate direct pulp capping using different all-in-one adhesives in rat teeth. Five all-in-one adhesives and a control material (MTA) were used. Each material was applied on the exposed pulp, and each cavity was subsequently restored with the resin composite. Rats were sacrificed 14 days after the surgical procedure. Serial stained sections were histologically evaluated for examining pulp tissue disorganization (PTD), inflammatory cell infiltration (ICI), dentin bridge formation (DBF), and bacterial penetration (BP). We found that rat pulps, which were direct capped with all-in-one adhesives, showed various degrees of PTD, ICI, and DBF depending on the material, and that there were no complete dentin bridges. In contrast, rat pulps capped with MTA showed no PTD and ICI, and there were complete dentin bridges in all, but one specimen. No BP was observed in any specimen.


Assuntos
Adesivos , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Animais , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Polpa Dentária , Exposição da Polpa Dentária , Dentina Secundária , Ratos , Cimentos de Resina
16.
Odontology ; 105(4): 426-436, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28120171

RESUMO

We examined shear bond strengths (SBSs) of various tooth-coating-materials including the experimental materials to dentin and demineralization resistance of a fractured adhesive surface after the SBS testing. Three resin-type tooth-coating-materials (BC, PRG Barrier Coat; HC, Hybrid Coat II; and SF, Shield force plus) and two glass-ionomer-type tooth-coating-materials (CV, Clinpro XT Varnish; and FJ, Fuji VII) were selected. The experimental PRG Barrier Coat containing 0, 17, and 33 wt% S-PRG filler (BC0, BC17, and BC33, respectively) were developed. Each tooth-coating-material was applied to flattened dentin surfaces of extracted human teeth for SBS testing. After storing in water for 32 days with 4000 thermal cycling, the specimens were subjected to the SBS test. Specimens after SBS testing were subjected to a pH cycling test, and then, demineralization depths were measured using a polarized-light microscope. ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test were used for statistical analysis. The SBS value of FJ and CV was significantly lower than those of other materials except for BC (p < 0.01). The lesion depth of FJ was significantly shallower than those of other materials (p < 0.01); that of CV was significantly shallower than those of BC, HC, SF, and the control; and those of BC0 and BC17 were significantly shallower than that of the control (p < 0.05). The resin-type tooth-coating-materials demonstrated significantly higher SBS for dentin than the glass-ionomer-type tooth-coating-materials; however, they were inferior to the glass ionomer-type tooth-coating-materials in regards to the acid resistance of the fractured adhesion surface.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície
17.
Odontology ; 105(3): 300-310, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27778135

RESUMO

We examined the effects of adhesive systems under study applied for a laser-cut cavity using an Er,Cr:YSGG laser on rat dental pulp at 24 h and 14 days postoperatively. Group 1, laser-cut cavities were treated with a self-etching-primer and bonding agent; group 2, pretreated with a phosphoric-acid, and then treated with a self-etching-primer and bonding agent; group 3, pretreated with a phosphoric-acid and sodium-hypochlorite, and then treated with a self-etching-primer and bonding agent; and group 4, treated with an all-in-one adhesive. A flowable resin composite was used as filling material for each cavity treated with each group. A glass-ionomer-cement was used as a control. The following items were evaluated: pulp-tissue-disorganization (PTD), inflammatory-cell-infiltration (ICI), tertiary-dentin-formation (TDF), and bacterial-penetration (BP). The results were statistically analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test. No significant differences were observed among the experimental groups for all parameters after 24 h and 14 days (P > 0.05). The majority of the specimens showed PTD with edema formation after 24 h; however, all the specimens demonstrated pulpal healing with TDF after 14 days. On the parameter of TDF, all groups showed significant differences between the two postoperative periods (P < 0.01). On the parameter of ICI, a significant difference was found between the two postoperative periods in group 4 (P < 0.05). No specimens showed BP. The pretreatment on the cavity prepared with the laser using phosphoric-acid or sodium-hypochlorite did not affect the dental pulp healing of rat tooth.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária/métodos , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Polpa Dentária/efeitos da radiação , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Animais , Cromo , Resinas Compostas/química , Érbio , Gálio , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Cimentos de Resina , Escândio , Ítrio
18.
Dent Mater J ; 35(3): 479-89, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27252005

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate pulpal healing and reparative dentin formation after 14 and 28 days in exposed rat pulp directly capped with an experimentally developed all-in-one adhesive containing surface reaction-type pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler. The four experimental groups and the control group were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by the Steel-Dwass post-hoc test to compare the histopathological score. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the histopathological score at 14 and 28 days for each observation item. All experimental adhesives containing S-PRG fillers developed for direct pulp capping showed no pulpal inflammation. After 14 days, the experimental adhesives containing S-PRG fillers and the control group formed tertiary dentin around the exposed pulp. After 28 days, the experimental adhesives containing 13 and 27 wt% of S-PRG fillers formed dentin bridge equal to the control.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Animais , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Polpa Dentária , Dentina Secundária , Ratos , Cimentos de Resina
19.
Dent Mater J ; 35(1): 37-44, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26843441

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to examine three- and two-body wear values of flowable resin composites for posterior restorations, using a mechanical loading device. The cavities prepared on flattened extracted molars were restored with flowable resin composites (Clearfil Majesty LV: MLV, Estelite Flow Quick: EFQ, Beautifil Flow Plus F00: BFP, and MI Fill: MIF) using accompanying adhesive systems. A universal resin composite (Clearfil Majesty) was used as a control. The specimens were subjected to in vitro three- and two-body wear testing. MLV showed high wear value (three-body: 14.69 µm, two-body: 0.268 mm(3)) compared with other materials tested in both three- and two-body wear tests. BFP showed high three-body wear value (5.78 µm), whereas low two-body wear value (0.008 mm(3)). MIF and EFQ showed equivalent wear values (MIF, three-body: 0.42 µm, two-body: 0.026 mm(3); EFQ, three-body: 1.15 µm, two-body: 0.14 mm(3)) to that of the control in both wear tests.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Dureza , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Propriedades de Superfície
20.
J Dent ; 44: 27-36, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26620099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study examines the wound healing process in exposed rat pulp when capped with experimental adhesive resin systems. METHODS: Experimental adhesive resin system for direct pulp capping was composed of primer-I (PI), -II (PII), and -III (PIII) and an experimental bonding agent (EBA). PI was Clearfil(®) SE Bond(®)/Primer (CSP) containing 5.0 wt% CaCl2, PII was PI containing 10 wt% nanofiller (Aerosil(®) 380), and PIII was CSP containing 5.0 wt% of compounds of equal moles of synthetic peptides (pA and pB) derived from dentin matrix protein 1. EBA was Clearfil(®) SE Bond(®)/Bond (CSB) containing 10 wt% hydroxyapatite powders. Three experimental groups were designed. PI was assigned to experimental Groups 1 and 3. PII was assigned to experimental Groups 2 and 3. PIII and EBA were assigned to all experimental adhesive groups. Control teeth were capped with calcium hydroxide preparation (Dycal(®)), and CSP and CSB were applied to the cavity. The rats were sacrificed after each observation period (14, 28, 56, and 112 days). The following parameters were evaluated: pulp tissue disorganization, inflammatory cell infiltration, reparative dentin formation (RDF), and bacterial penetration. RESULTS: There were no significant differences among all the groups for all parameters and all observation periods (p>0.05, Kruskal-Wallis test). All groups showed initial RDF at 14 days postoperatively and extensive RDF until 112 days postoperatively. Groups 2 and 3 demonstrated higher quantity of mineralized dentin bridge formation compared with Group 1. CONCLUSIONS: Addition of nanofillers to the primer was effective in promoting high-density RDF. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Experimentally developed adhesive resin systems induce the exposed pulp to produce almost the same quantity of reparative dentin as calcium hydroxide. However, we need further studies to elucidate whether the same results could be obtained in humans.


Assuntos
Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Adesivos Dentinários/farmacologia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Adesivos/química , Adesivos/farmacologia , Animais , Cloreto de Cálcio , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Polpa Dentária/microbiologia , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentina Secundária/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina Secundária/patologia , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Masculino , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/química , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/farmacologia , Pulpite/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cimentos de Resina/farmacologia
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