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1.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5097-5106, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593460

RESUMO

AIM: D3 lymph node dissection (LND) for stage II and III colon cancer has been shown to improve prognosis, however, it generally increases surgical stress. Studies have reported that the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) may be a useful inflammatory-nutritional biomarker to predict postoperative complications and poor prognosis for with various types of cancer. Our purposes were to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of D3 LND in patients with a high preoperative CAR (≥ 0.04). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis reviewing a prospectively collected database of Yokohama City University and three affiliated hospitals. A total of 449 patients with stage II or III colon cancer with high CAR who underwent primary resection with D2 or D3 LND were identified between 2008 and 2020. The primary and secondary outcomes of interests were the 3-year recurrence-free survival and postoperative complication rates. RESULTS: After propensity matching, 230 patients were evaluated. There was no significant difference between the D3 and D2 groups in the rate of postoperative complications overall (14.8% versus 11.3%, p=0.558), however, the incidence of anastomotic leakage tended to be greater in the D3 group (9.6% versus 2.6%, p=0.050). The long-term findings showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups (3-year recurrence-free survival rate: 77.2% versus 77.2%, p=0.880). CONCLUSION: D3 LND did not improve survival outcomes for patients with colon cancer with a poor CAR in this study. D2 LND may be a treatment option for patients with stage II-III colon cancer with a high preoperative CAR.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5195-5202, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Population aging results in increasing numbers of elderly persons undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. We sought to identify objective preoperative indicators of outcomes, with a view toward development of safe, effective treatments for such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 99 patients aged 80 years or more, who were treated surgically for stage I- III colorectal cancer. Preoperative nutritional status was compared retrospectively between those who suffered postoperative complications (n=40) and those who did not (n=59). RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed low prealbumin (PreAlb) concentration (p=0.032) and low platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (p=0.116) as risk factors for postoperative complications. Multivariate analysis showed preoperative PreAlb concentration to be an independent risk factor (OR=0.884; 95% confidence interval=0.791-0.989; p=0.024) associated with postoperative length of hospital stay (coef.=-0.336, p=0.002). CONCLUSION: PreAlb, a rapid turnover protein, shows promise as a simple predictor of postoperative complications in elderly patients treated for colorectal surgery.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Cirurgia Colorretal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4489-4495, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The chemokine receptors C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) and C-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CCR7) play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer. This study investigated the relationship between relative expression of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA, clinicopathological factors, and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 202 patients who underwent surgery for CRC. The expression levels of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA in cancerous tissue were measured using quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: High CCR7 mRNA expression levels in CRC tissues were positively associated with tumour size and were more frequently associated with cancer of the rectum than of the colon. Moreover, outcomes were significantly poorer in patients with high CCR7 mRNA expression than in those with low expression. On multivariate Cox regression analysis, a higher CCR7 mRNA expression level was a significant independent predictor of poorer overall survival in patients with CRC. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of CCR7 mRNA may be a useful independent prognostic factor in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Receptores CCR7/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
4.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2101032, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520230

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Adjuvant chemotherapy after hepatectomy is controversial in liver-only metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted a randomized controlled trial to examine if adjuvant modified infusional fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX6) is superior to hepatectomy alone for liver-only metastasis from CRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this phase II or III trial (JCOG0603), patients age 20-75 years with confirmed CRC and an unlimited number of liver metastatic lesions were randomly assigned to hepatectomy alone or 12 courses of adjuvant mFOLFOX6 after hepatectomy. The primary end point of phase III was disease-free survival (DFS) in intention-to-treat analysis. RESULTS: Between March 2007 and January 2019, 300 patients were randomly assigned to hepatectomy alone (149 patients) or hepatectomy followed by chemotherapy (151 patients). At the third interim analysis of phase III with median follow-up of 53.6 months, the trial was terminated early according to the protocol because DFS was significantly longer in patients treated with hepatectomy followed by chemotherapy. With median follow-up of 59.2 months, the updated 5-year DFS was 38.7% (95% CI, 30.4 to 46.8) for hepatectomy alone compared with 49.8% (95% CI, 41.0 to 58.0) for chemotherapy (hazard ratio, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.50 to 0.92; one-sided P = .006). However, the updated 5-year overall survival (OS) was 83.1% (95% CI, 74.9 to 88.9) with hepatectomy alone and 71.2% (95% CI, 61.7 to 78.8) with hepatectomy followed by chemotherapy. In the chemotherapy arm, the most common grade 3 or higher severe adverse event was neutropenia (50% of patients), followed by sensory neuropathy (10%) and allergic reaction (4%). One patient died of unknown cause after three courses of mFOLFOX6 administration. CONCLUSION: DFS did not correlate with OS for liver-only metastatic CRC. Adjuvant chemotherapy with mFOLFOX6 improves DFS among patients treated with hepatectomy for CRC liver metastasis. It remains unclear whether chemotherapy improves OS.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519976

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite improvements in surgical techniques and devices and perioperative care of gastric cancer (GC), the rate of postoperative complications still has not decreased. If patients at high risk for postoperative complications could be identified early using biomarkers, these complications might be reduced. In this study, we investigated usefulness of the preoperative Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) as a predictive factor for complications after surgery in patients with stage II/III GC. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 424 patients who underwent curative surgery for pathological stage II/III GC from February 2007 to July 2019 at a single center. The GPS was assessed within 4 days before surgery. To identify independent risk factors for postoperative complications, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using a Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: The numbers of patients with a GPS of 0, 1, and 2 were 357, 55, and 12, respectively. The rate of complications after surgery was significantly higher among patients with a GPS of 1 or 2 than among patients with a GPS of 0 (p = 0.008). Multivariate analysis identified a GPS of 1 or 2 as an independent predictive factor for postoperative complications (p = 0.037). CONCLUSION: The preoperative GPS may be a useful predictive factor for postoperative complications in patients with stage II/III GC. Being aware of the risk of complications after surgery as indicated by the GPS before surgery may promote safe and minimally invasive surgery that we expect will improve outcomes in patients with a GPS of 1 or 2.

6.
Clin Exp Metastasis ; 38(5): 459-466, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406563

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) and the association of that with recurrence in JCOG0212. The results for secondary endpoints showed that compared with the mesorectal excision (ME) alone group, ME with lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) group showed significantly longer operative time and significantly higher blood loss. These results suggested that LLND was a risk factor for SSI. All 701 patients registered in JCOG0212 were analyzed in this study. Wound infection was defined as incisional/deep SSI, and pelvic abscess and anastomotic leakage were defined as organ/space SSI. The risk factors for the incidence of SSI and the effect of SSI on relapse-free survival (RFS) were investigated. Multivariable odds ratio of Grade 2 or higher all SSI was 0.58 [95% Confidence interval: 0.36-0.93] for female (vs. male) and that of Grade 2 or higher incisional/deep SSI was 2.24 [1.03-4.86] for blood infusion. For RFS, patients with Grade 3 or higher all SSI showed poor prognosis (multivariable hazard ratio: 1.66 [1.03-2.68]). LLND is not significant factor for the incidence of all SSI. Male sex might be a risk factor of Grade 2 or higher SSI, and blood transfusion is a possible risk factor of Grade 2 or higher incisional/deep SSI. Grade 3 or higher all SSI might be a significant worse prognostic factor for lower rectal cancer.

7.
In Vivo ; 35(4): 2369-2377, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The changes of dietary intake (DI) after gastrectomy have not been objectively reported. It has not been clear how much DI loss is experienced after total gastrectomy (TG) in comparison to after distal gastrectomy (DG). This study quantified the changes of DI after gastrectomy, and clarified how much DI loss is experienced after TG. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer were enrolled. The DI loss was evaluated at 1 and 3 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients underwent TG, and 117 patients underwent DG. The median %DI loss of the overall study population at 1 and 3 months after surgery was -9.3% and -3.6%. The median %DI loss at 1 and 3 months postoperatively was -15.6% and -5.3% in TG group, -8.9% and -3.3% in DG group (p=0.10 and 0.49, respectively). CONCLUSION: The patients experienced DI loss of approximately 10% at 1 month after gastrectomy. Patients who received TG tended to show a greater %DI loss at 1 month postoperatively.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Ingestão de Alimentos , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
8.
Anticancer Res ; 41(5): 2617-2623, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952492

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the mid-term oncological results between patients with low rectal cancer who underwent minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery (MILS) and those who underwent open surgery (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 262 matched patients who underwent primary resection for low rectal cancer between 2000 and 2019 were divided into MILS (n=131; n=107, conventional laparoscopic surgery; n=24, robotic surgery) and OS (n=131) groups. The short- and mid-term outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Similar baseline characteristics were noted. The operative time was longer and blood loss was lesser in the MILS group; the conversion rate was 3.8%. The incidence of postoperative complications was similar. The 2-year cumulative incidence of local recurrence was noted to be much lower in the MILS group (1.9%) than in the OS group (8.4%). MILS had a significantly low hazard ratio (0.208, p=0.036). CONCLUSION: MILS has potential benefits in reducing local recurrence of low rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
9.
Anticancer Res ; 41(4): 2117-2122, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Stanniocalcin2 (STC2) is associated with proliferation, invasion, and metastasis in various cancers. We examined the clinical significance of STC2 mRNA expression in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Relative expression levels of STC2 mRNA in CRC tissues and corresponding normal mucosa obtained from 202 patients were measured using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Expression of STC2 mRNA was higher in the cancer tissue than in the adjacent normal mucosa. STC2 mRNA expression in cancer tissues was associated with tumour size, liver metastasis, venous invasion, and lymph node metastasis. High expression of STC2 mRNA was significantly associated with poorer postoperative survival (p=0.0003). Multivariate analysis showed that high expression of STC2 mRNA was an independent predictor of postoperative survival. CONCLUSION: High expression of STC2 mRNA in CRC tissue may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Glicoproteínas/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 53, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the short-term and oncological impact of the Endoscopic Surgical Skill Qualification System (ESSQS) by the Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery on the operator performing laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was based on medical records from a multicentre database. A total of 417 patients diagnosed with stage II/III colon and rectosigmoid cancer treated with curative resection were divided into two groups according to whether they were operated on by qualified surgeons (Q group, n=352) or not (NQ group, n=65). Through strict propensity score matching, 98 cases (49 in each group) were assessed. RESULTS: Operative time was significantly longer in the NQ group than in the Q group (199 vs. 168 min, p=0.029). The amount of blood loss, post-operative complications, and duration of hospitalisation were similar between both groups. No mortality was observed. One conversion case was seen in the NQ group. The 3-year recurrence-free survival rate was 86.6% in the NQ group and 88.2% in the Q group, which was not statistically significant (log-rank p=0.966). CONCLUSION: Direct operation by ESSQS-qualified surgeons contributed to a shortened operation time. Under an organised educational environment, almost equivalent safety and oncological outcomes are expected regardless of the surgeon's qualifications.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
In Vivo ; 35(1): 563-569, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We hypothesised that the prognostic nutrition index (PNI) is useful for evaluating host immunity and response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. We investigated the effect of PNI on nivolumab monotherapy efficacy in advanced or recurrent gastric cancer (GC) or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer (GOC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined 110 patients, divided them into a high-PNI group and a low-PNI group, and compared treatment efficacy, adverse events (AEs), and survival between the groups. RESULTS: Median overall survival (OS) was significantly longer in the high-PNI group than in the low-PNI group (205 vs. 109 days; p<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that low PNI was an independent risk factor for OS (hazard ratio=2.398; 95% confidence interval=1.384-4.154; p=0.002). The overall response rate and frequency of AEs were not significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSION: PNI could be a useful prognostic factor in GC or GOC patients undergoing nivolumab monotherapy.


Assuntos
Nivolumabe , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Avaliação Nutricional , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460001

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the utility of the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) obtained before curative resection for predicting outcomes in patients with advanced gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 337 consecutive patients with GC who underwent curative surgery for locally advanced gastric cancer between January 2003 and June 2014. GPS was assessed within 4 days prior to surgery. RESULTS: The number of patients with GPS scores of 0, 1, and 2 was 302, 26, and 9, respectively. There was significantly more blood loss during surgery and more postoperative complications in the GPS 1/2 group than in the GPS 0 group. Patients in the GPS 1/2 group had significantly poorer overall survival than those in the GPS 0 group (p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, GPS 1/2 was identified as an independent factor for poor survival (p = 0.019). CONCLUSION: GPS before curative resection might be a useful predictive factor for perioperative complications and survival in locally advanced GC.

13.
Anticancer Res ; 41(2): 1005-1012, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To identify prognostic factors for patients with stage IV gastric cancer (GC) and a single stage IV factor before chemotherapy who underwent conversion surgery (R0 resection). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively analysed 32 GC patients with a single stage IV factor before chemotherapy and who underwent conversion surgery (R0 resection) between January 2001 and September 2015. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: The five-year survival rate was 39.6%, and the median survival time was 47.0 months. In the univariate analysis, diffuse-type according to Lauren classification was significantly associated with worse overall survival (p<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, diffuse-type was selected as an independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio=15.970, 95% confidence interval=3.804-67.043, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Diffuse-type may be a useful prognostic factor in GC patients with a single stage IV factor who undergo conversion surgery (R0 resection).


Assuntos
Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Cancer Sci ; 112(4): 1545-1555, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484192

RESUMO

The anatomical spread of lymph node (LN) metastasis is of practical importance in the surgical management of colon cancer (CC). We examined the effect of KRAS, BRAF, and microsatellite instability (MSI) on LN count and anatomical spread pattern in stage III CC. We determined KRAS, BRAF, and MSI status from stage III CC patients. Biomarker status was correlated with LN count and anatomical spread pattern, which was classified as sequential or skipped. Relapse-free survival (RFS) was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method, and correlations were assessed using log-rank and Cox regression analyses. We analyzed 369 stage III CC patients. The proportion of KRAS mutant (mt), BRAF mt, and MSI-high (H) were 44.2% (163/344), 6.8% (25/344), and 6.8% (25/344), respectively. The mean number of metastatic LN was higher in microsatellite-stable (MSS) compared with MSI patients (3.5 vs. 2.7, P = .0406), although no differences were observed in accordance with KRAS or BRAF status. Interestingly, patients with BRAF mt and MSI-H were less likely to harbor skipped metastatic LN (9.3% vs 20% and 4% vs 10.5% compared with BRAF wild-type (wt) and MSS, respectively), but KRAS status did not predict anatomical spread pattern. Patients with KRAS wt and MSI-H showed superior RFS compared with KRAS mt and MSS patients, respectively, whereas BRAF status did not affect RFS. Differences exist in the anatomical pattern of invaded LN in accordance with the molecular status of stage III CC. Patients with MSI-H CC have less invaded and skipped LN, suggesting that a tailored surgical approach is possible.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/genética , Masculino , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Mutação/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Proteínas ras/genética
15.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(1): 145-155, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215206

RESUMO

This is a prospective observational cohort study aiming to include 4000 patients with stages I to III colon cancer treated at 35 specialist institutions in Japan, South Korea, Germany, Russia, Lithuania and Taiwan. The anatomical distribution of lymph nodes and feeding arteries are investigated using surgical specimens according to pre-specified categorizing methods using intraoperative anatomical markings. Primary analyses are performed to identify the general principles of metastatic lymph node distribution in terms of its relation to the location of the primary tumor and feeding arteries. Secondary analyses will be used to estimate prognostic outcomes according to bowel resection length and central radicality and will be used to evaluate the quality of resected surgical specimens. Through in-depth lymph node mapping, standardized criteria for the definite area of 'regional' lymph node resection in routine surgical procedures can be identified, which is expected to contribute to international standardization in colon cancer surgery (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02938481).


Assuntos
Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Cancer Sci ; 112(1): 314-322, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075166

RESUMO

FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) plays a key role in hematopoiesis. However, the oncogenic role of FLT3 amplification in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) remains unclear. Here, we aimed to evaluate the characteristics, prognosis, and treatment efficacy of an FLT3 inhibitor (regorafenib) in patients with mCRC with FLT3 amplifications. Tumor tissue samples from 2329 patients were sequenced using NGS in the Nationwide Cancer Genome Screening Project in Japan. The effects of clinicopathological features, co-altered genes, prognosis, and efficacy of regorafenib were investigated. Between April 2015 and June 2018, 85 patients with mCRC with FLT3 amplification were observed. There were no differences in baseline characteristics between patients with or without FLT3 amplification. The frequency of RAS or other gene co-alterations was inversely correlated with the copy number status. Median survival time in patients with FLT3 amplification was significantly shorter compared with those with non-FLT3 amplification. Further investigations of FLT3 amplification as a potential treatment target in mCRC are warranted.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Amplificação de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(Supplement): S116-S121, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380664

RESUMO

Background: We investigated the impact of the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) on the pancreatic cancer survival and recurrence after curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients and Methods: This study included 155 patients who underwent curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer between 2005 and 2014. The risk factors for the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were identified. Results: An ACCI of 8 was regarded as the optimum critical point of classification considering the 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates. The OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 25.7% and 19.0% in the ACCI-low group, respectively, and 7.6% and 0% in the ACCI-high group, which amounted to a statistically significant difference (P = 0.019). The RFS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 17.3% and 13.8% in the ACCI-low group, respectively, and 7.1% and 0% in the ACCI-high group, which amounted to a marginally statistically significant difference (P = 0.104). A multivariate analysis showed that the ACCI was a significant independent risk factor for both the OS and RFS. Conclusions: The ACCI was a risk factor for the OS in patients who underwent curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer. An effective plan is needed for determining the optimum surgical strategy according to the ACCI.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Comorbidade , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233019

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic gastrectomy has become a standard procedure for treatment of gastric cancer, and hence, the opportunity for trainees to perform open gastrectomies may decrease. We investigated whether laparoscopic distal gastrectomy, performed by surgical trainees without sufficient experience performing open gastrectomies, was feasible and safe. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We compared short-term outcomes in patients when laparoscopic distal gastrectomies were performed by experienced trainees (ET group; n = 124) and inexperienced trainees (IT group; n = 98) from 2013 to 2019. RESULTS: The operation time was significantly shorter in the ET group (median time: 253 minutes vs 286 minutes, P < 0.001). The incidence of grade ≥ 2 postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the groups. In the multivariate analysis, experience performing open gastrectomies was not an independent predictor of postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic distal gastrectomies performed by trainees, with insufficient experience performing open gastrectomies, are as feasible and safe as that performed by ET.

19.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 405(8): 1139-1145, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089391

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Guidelines advocate minimal ileal resection when right hemicolectomy is performed for right-sided colon cancer. The practice, thought to prevent malabsorption syndrome, does not appear to foster local recurrence. Little evidence based on rigorous study exists, however. To understand the pattern of lymphatic spread of right-sided colon cancer toward the small bowel and thus determine the appropriate margin size, we prospectively investigated anatomical distribution of lymph nodes (LNs) in the small bowel mesentery and of metastasis to these nodes in patients with right-sided colon cancer treated by such surgery. METHODS: In each case, the mesenteric specimen, which had been dissected along the ileocolic vessels and included intermediate LNs, was divided into 2 areas: that 0-3 cm from the vessel pedicle (area 1) and that 3-5 cm from the pedicle (area 2). The peri-intestinal mesentery was cut into 9 segments. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients were included in the study. Overall, 3366 LNs were dissected. Four hundred fifty-three of these LNs were located in area 1 (90 cases), and 15 (3.3%) were metastatic. Only 63 LNs were located in area 2 (34 cases; average of 0.69 per patient); none was metastatic. Overall, 269 LNs were found in the small bowel mesentery (in 56 of the 91 patients). Only 4 were positive (3 cases), and all were within 5 cm of the ileocecal valve. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that a surgical margin 3 cm from the ileocecal pedicle and a short (5 cm) ileal margin are oncologically reasonable for effective right hemicolectomy.

20.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32995963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The feasibility of laparoscopic surgery for primary appendiceal tumors compared to that of open surgery has not been demonstrated to date because primary appendiceal tumors are rare. This study aimed to compare the long-term outcomes between laparoscopic and open surgeries for primary appendiceal tumors. METHODS: In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, the data of patients who had been histologically diagnosed with primary appendiceal tumors at 43 tertiary hospitals in Japan between 2000 and 2017 were analyzed. In total, 922 patients were assessed, and 679 cases were eligible for analysis. Using propensity scores, the baseline characteristics were matched for 114 open surgery cases and 114 laparoscopic surgery cases. The primary endpoints were recurrence-free survival (excluding patients with stage IV disease with distant metastasis) and overall survival. RESULTS: The rate of conversion from laparoscopic to open surgery was 1.5%. The 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were 80.4% (95% confidence interval: 71.0-89.7) and 78.2% (95% confidence interval: 69.0-87.3) in the laparoscopic and open surgery groups, respectively, with no significant difference (p = 0.57). No significant difference was observed in the 5-year overall survival rates between the laparoscopic [83.5% (95% confidence interval: 74.4-92.7)] and open surgery [72.7% (95% confidence interval: 62.3-83.0); p = 0.09] groups. In multivariate analysis, laparoscopic surgery was not identified as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival [hazard ratio: 0.49 (95% confidence interval: 0.23-1.06), p = 0.0707]. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic surgery is comparable to open surgery and can be considered a treatment option for primary appendiceal tumors.

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