Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 3 de 3
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
BMC Nephrol ; 22(1): 240, 2021 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193064


BACKGROUND: Hypokalemia and acute kidney injury (AKI) occur in patients administered liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB), a wide-spectrum anti-fungicidal drug. However, the association between potassium supplementation and the occurrence of AKI in patients with hypokalemia who were administered L-AMB is not well understood. METHODS: Using nationwide claims data and laboratory data, the occurrence of AKI during L-AMB treatment was retrospectively compared between patients with hypokalemia who were or were not supplemented with potassium and between those adequately or inadequately supplemented with potassium (serum potassium levels corrected to ≥3.5 mEq/L or remained < 3.5 mEq/L, respectively) before or after L-AMB treatment initiation. RESULTS: We identified 118 patients who developed hypokalemia before L-AMB treatment initiation (43 received potassium supplementation [25 adequate and 18 inadequate supplementation] and 75 did not receive potassium supplementation), and 117 patients who developed hypokalemia after L-AMB initiation (79 received potassium supplementation [including 23 adequate and 15 inadequate supplementation] and 38 did not receive potassium supplementation). The occurrence of any stage of AKI was similar between patients with hypokalemia, regardless of potassium supplementation (i.e., before L-AMB treatment initiation [supplementation, 51%; non-supplementation, 45%; P = 0.570] or after L-AMB initiation [supplementation, 28%; non-supplementation, 32%; P = 0.671]). After adjusting for confounding factors, we found that the occurrence of any stage of AKI was not associated with potassium supplementation before L-AMB initiation (odds ratio [OR]: 1.291, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.584-2.852, P = 0.528) or after L-AMB initiation (OR: 0.954, 95% CI: 0.400-2.275, P = 0.915). The occurrence of any stage of AKI tended to decline in patients with hypokalemia who were adequately supplemented with potassium (44%) before, but not after, L-AMB initiation relative to that in patients inadequately supplemented with potassium (61%), however this result was not significant (P = 0.358). CONCLUSION: Potassium supplementation was not associated with any stage of AKI in patients with hypokalemia who were administered L-AMB.

Phys Rev E ; 93: 042211, 2016 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27176297


Numerical simulations of self-gravitating systems are generally based on N-body codes, which solve the equations of motion of a large number of interacting particles. This approach suffers from poor statistical sampling in regions of low density. In contrast, Vlasov codes, by meshing the entire phase space, can reach higher accuracy irrespective of the density. Here, we perform one-dimensional Vlasov simulations of a long-standing cosmological problem, namely, the fractal properties of an expanding Einstein-de Sitter universe in Newtonian gravity. The N-body results are confirmed for high-density regions and extended to regions of low matter density, where the N-body approach usually fails.

Chaos ; 24(3): 033106, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25273186


Numerical methods which utilize partitions of equal-size, including the box-counting method, remain the most popular choice for computing the generalized dimension of multifractal sets. However, it is known that mass-oriented methods generate relatively good results for computing generalized dimensions for important cases where the box-counting method is known to fail. Here, we revisit two mass-oriented methods and discuss their strengths and limitations.