Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 635
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688900

RESUMO

Aortic stenosis (AS) is a disease characterized by narrowing of the aortic valve (AV) orifice. The purpose of this study was to clarify the significance of bacterial detection and clinicopathological factors, including valve-infiltrating immune cells and disease severity, in relation to AS. After obtaining the written informed consent form from 50 patients with AS, we performed immunohistochemical analysis of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for gram-negative bacteria and lipoteichoic acid (LTA) for gram-positive bacteria on surgically resected-AVs. Moreover, we evaluated the relationships among the presence of bacteria, immune checkpoint protein PD-L1 expression, and immune cell infiltrations such as CD8-positive T lymphocytes, CD163-positive macrophages, and FOXP3-positive regulatory T cell (Treg) in resected-aortic valves. LPS detection in the resected-aortic valve tissues was significantly associated with stromal PD-L1 expression, valve calcification, and LTA existence in resected samples. We showed that the presence of LPS was significantly related to high PD-L1 expression only in calcified-AVs, not in non-calcified-AVs. Moreover, the high expression of PD-L1 in AS samples without LPS was significantly associated with positive infiltration of CD163-positive macrophages and FOXP3-positive Tregs. Immunohistochemical bacterial detection in resected-aortic valves was associated with PD-L1 accumulation and valve calcification. PD-L1 significantly accumulated only in calcified valves with LPS existence.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18857, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552173

RESUMO

While nutritional interventions may potentially lower the risk of peristomal skin disorders (PSDs) and their exacerbation, no previous studies have evaluated the relationship between PSDs and nutritional status using the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of preoperative nutritional status on stoma health, and determine risk factors for postoperative PSDs, including severe PSDs. A retrospective analysis was performed of 116 consecutive patients with rectal cancer who underwent radical surgery with ileostomy or colostomy creation. PSDs were diagnosed in 32 patients (27.6%); including 10 cases (8.7%) that were defined as severe based on the ABCD-stoma score. Multivariable logistic regression showed that smoking (odds ratio [OR] 3.451, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.240-9.607, p = 0.018) and ileostomy (OR 3.287, 95% CI 1.278-8.458, p = 0.014) were independent risk factors for PSDs. A separate multivariable logistic regression analysis of risk factors for severe PSDs, found that the only independent risk factor was the CONUT score (OR 10.040, 95% CI 1.191-84.651, p = 0.034). Severe PSDs are associated with preoperative nutritional disorders, as determined by the CONUT score. Furthermore, nutritional disorders may increase the severity of PSDs, regardless of the stoma type.

4.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4523-4527, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the significance of preoperative fibrin/fibrinogen degradation products (FDP) in patients with esophageal cancer (EC), we examined the association between the preoperative FDP level and clinicopathological features in patients with EC who underwent McKeown esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction without neoadjuvant therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients with EC who underwent surgery between 2006 and 2014 were included in this study. We investigated the association of FDP levels with clinicopathological features and prognosis. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed increased FDP level and pathological tumor depth to be independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) (p=0.008 and p=0.002, respectively). In addition, FDP levels were significantly positively associated with more advanced pathological TNM stage as a continuous variable (p for trend=0.002). CONCLUSION: The preoperative FDP level was associated with a poor prognosis and was an independent prognostic factor for the OS of EC patients who underwent esophagectomy. Furthermore, the tumor stage-related increase in FDP indicated that a high FDP level is associated with tumor progression in patients with EC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Eur Surg Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515111

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The International Study Group of Liver Surgery (ISGLS) definition of bile leakage is an elevated total bilirubin concentration in the drainage fluid after post-operative day (POD) 3, which has been widely accepted. However, there were no reports about direct bilirubin in drainage fluid to predict bile leakage. METHODS: Data from 257 patients who underwent hepatectomy were retrospectively reviewed. The optimal cut-off value was investigated using receiver-operating characteristic curves. The predictive power of drainage fluid total bilirubin (dTB) and drainage fluid direct bilirubin (dDB) to predict bile leakage, which was defined using ISGLS grade B or grade C, were compared. RESULTS: ISGLS grade B bile leakage occurred in 16 patients (6.2%). Area under the curve (AUC) of dDB was always higher than that of dTB on each POD. The AUC of dDB was >0.75 on PODs 2, 3, and 5, and then it increased with the increasing POD. The dDB on POD 5 showed the highest accuracy (0.91) and positive predictive value (PPV) (0.67), which was followed by dTB/serum total bilirubin (sTB) on POD 3 (accuracy, 0.91; PPV, 0.33). Because the PPV of dDB increased as the POD increased, dDB was better than dTB for predicting clinically significant bile leakage. dDB on POD 3 showed the highest negative predictive value (0.97). The positive likelihood of dDB increased and the negative likelihood of dDB decreased on the basis of the POD. Among patients with dTB/sTB ≤3 on POD 3, 19.1% of these patients had bile leakage when dDB was >0.44 on POD 3. CONCLUSIONS: Measurement of both dDB and dTB, which are easy to perform, can be used to effectively predict clinically significant bile leakage.

6.
Oncology ; 99(10): 641-651, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515171

RESUMO

AIM: Atezolizumab plus bevacizumab (atezo + bev) shows a good overall survival (OS) in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. However, the OS of patients with nonviral infection is quite worse than that in those with viral infection. The present study investigated the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib in patients with nonviral infection, who were unlikely to obtain benefit from atezo + bev. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study that included 139 advanced HCC patients treated with lenvatinib between March 2018 and September 2020. RESULTS: The median age was 72 years, and 116 patients (83.5%) were male. Based on the etiology of liver disease, 84 (60.4%) and 55 patients (39.6%) were assigned to the viral infection and nonviral infection groups, respectively. The significant extents in patient characteristics were not observed in both groups. The objective response rate per mRECIST and progression-free survival (PFS) did not differ significantly between the viral infection and nonviral infection groups (36.0 vs. 33.0%, p = 0.85; and 7.6 vs. 7.5 months, p = 0.94, respectively). The 1-year survival rates were 68.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 57.7-79.7%) in the viral infection group and 59.5% (95% CI 45.2-73.8%) in the nonviral infection group. The viral infection group was not a significant factor associated with the PFS or OS in a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Lenvatinib shows no significant difference in response between patients with and without viral infection. Treatment strategies based on the etiology of liver disease may lead to good clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/microbiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/microbiologia , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Infecções/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Viroses/diagnóstico
7.
Surg Today ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542715

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of morphine or morphine equivalents on the risk of bile leakage (BL) after hepatectomy. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were 379 patients who underwent hepatectomy without biliary reconstruction and biliary decompression tube insertion at Gunma University between 2016 and 2020. Clinical BL was defined as International Study Group of Liver Surgery post-hepatectomy bile leakage Grade B or C. RESULTS: Intra- and post-operative analgesia comprised intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) with fentanyl (n = 58), epidural analgesia with fentanyl (n = 157), epidural analgesia with morphine (n = 151), and epidural analgesia with ropivacaine or levobupivacaine (n = 13). Clinical BL was diagnosed in 14 of the 379 (3.7%) patients. The significant risk factors for clinical BL were hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), elevated serum total bilirubin, high indocyanine green retention at 15 min, elevated Mac-2-binding protein glycosylated isomer, prolonged duration of surgery, and a large volume of blood loss. There was no significant correlation of clinical BL with intra- and post-operative analgesia and total oral morphine equivalents. CONCLUSION: Intra- and post-operative IV-PCA and epidural analgesia were not related to clinical BL after hepatectomy. Based on our data, fentanyl and morphine can be administered safely as epidural or intravenous analgesic agents.

8.
Surg Today ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427789

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The effect of a history of gastrectomy on patients undergoing hepatectomy is unclear. We investigated the relationship between postoperative complications of Clavien-Dindo grade III or higher and a history of gastrectomy in patients undergoing hepatectomy. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective analysis were 474 consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy at our institute for hepatic malignancy, classified into groups of those with or without a history of gastrectomy and those with or without postoperative complications. We compared the clinicopathological factors between the groups. RESULTS: There were no hospital deaths. Gastrectomy history was identified in 22 patients (4.6%) and was significantly associated with advanced age, low body mass index, male sex, decreased serum albumin level, decreased hemoglobin level, low PNI, low CONUT score, high incidence of postoperative complications, and longer hospital stay. Multivariate analyses revealed that the independent risk factors for postoperative complications were gastrectomy history, an albumin-bilirubin score of 2/3, primary liver cancer, high serum creatinine level, advanced age, and prolonged operation time. CONCLUSIONS: Gastrectomy history was an independent predictor of postoperative complications in patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatic malignancies. Patients with a history of gastrectomy were likely to suffer postoperative bile leakage and pneumonia.

9.
Crit Rev Oncog ; 26(2): 67-72, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347973

RESUMO

K-Ras is one of the most important oncogenes in human oncogenesis. K-Ras transfection of normal rat fibroblasts induces phenotypic change from flat to round morphology. Then, we screened compounds inducing flat morphology in K-Ras transformed fibroblasts from microbial culture filtrates and plant extracts. As a result, the alkaloid conophylline was isolated from the leaves of Ervatamia microphylla collected in Thailand. Conophylline induced flat morphology and inhibited cellular invasion in K-Ras-transformed normal rat kidney (K-Ras-NRK) cells. It also inhibited the growth of the K-Ras-NRK tumor in mice. Cancer-associated fibroblasts are now considered to activate cancer growth. Conophylline was found to suppress secretions of various inflammatory cytokines by pancreatic cancer-associated fibroblasts. Moreover, when combined with gemcitabine, it inhibited the growth of pancreatic cancer growth in mice. Conophylline is orally active. Thus, the plant-derived alkaloid conophylline inhibited cancer growth directly and indirectly, and it shows promise as a new anticancer agent.

10.
J Surg Case Rep ; 2021(8): rjab329, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34386190

RESUMO

Angiolipomas are benign mesenchymal tumors that often occur under the skin of the upper extremity or thoracic and abdominal walls. Angiolipomas of the digestive tract are rare. Here, we describe a case of transverse colon angiolipoma with intussusception resected by laparoscopy-assisted surgery. A 50-year-old woman visited a family hospital with complaints of left lower abdominal pain and bloody stool. Colonoscopy revealed a submucosal tumor in her left colon. She was referred to our hospital for further examination. Computed tomography revealed a low-density tumor with intussusception in the left transverse colon. Elective surgery was planned for this patient because there were no alarming symptoms such as ileus or obstruction. Laparoscopy-assisted surgery and partial resection of the left transverse colon were performed. The histopathological diagnosis was angiolipoma of the colon. Angiolipomas are benign mesenchymal tumors that rarely occur in the digestive tract. Thus, accurate preoperative diagnosis is difficult.

11.
Oncology ; : 1-8, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392246

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether the expression of L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT-1) in clinical gastric cancer (GC) patients could predict patient therapeutic response to postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to investigate LAT-1, CD98, and phosphorylated-mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) expression in 111 GC patients. To clarify whether LAT-1 influences the therapeutic effects of chemotherapy, the correlation between disease-free survival rates and LAT-1 was determined in 2 groups: 59 patients who did not undergo postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and 52 patients who did undergo postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. RESULTS: LAT-1 was significantly correlated with CD98 and p-mTOR expressions. We did not find any statistically significant correlation between LAT-1 and recurrence in the nontreated group. In contrast, a significant association was found between LAT-1 expression and disease-free survival in the chemotherapy group. Moreover, multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that LAT-1 was an independent predictor of disease-free survival in the postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy group (p = 0.012). CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that LAT-1 is a useful predictive marker for a successful postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy treatment.

12.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(16)2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34439259

RESUMO

The efficacy and prognosis of adjuvant chemotherapy for resected pancreatic cancer remain unclear. We investigated the utility and risk factors of S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with pancreatic cancer undergoing pancreatectomy. This study comprised 80 patients, including 58 patients who received S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy. Skeletal muscle loss was defined using cutoff values of skeletal muscle mass index. In total, 16 (20%) octogenarian patients underwent pancreatectomy. Skeletal muscle loss was present in 56 (70%) patients. The entire course of S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy for 6 months was completed in 33 patients (41%). S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy <6 months was an independent prognostic indicator of poor overall survival. Patients who completed S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy exhibited significantly longer overall and relapse-free survival rates than those did not complete the chemotherapy (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.0003, respectively). Being an octogenarian and skeletal muscle loss were independent variables associated with the discontinuation of S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy. Finally, the S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy rates were 6.3% (1/16) and 28.6% (16/56) in octogenarian patients and those with skeletal muscle loss, respectively. S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy completion was associated with improved prognosis in patients with pancreatic cancer. Skeletal muscle loss and octogenarian status predicted the failure of S-1 adjuvant chemotherapy completion.

13.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(20): 2666-2679, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453496

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Various drug-sensitivity markers have been reported to be associated with tumor progression and chemotherapy resistance. Detailed expression profiles of sensitivity markers for cytotoxic chemotherapy in pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) remain unclear. Herein, we aimed to clarify the correlation between the expression of drug-sensitivity markers and clinicopathological features, prognostic impact, and status of tumor immunity in patients with LCNEC. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the correlation between clinicopathological features and the expression of drug-sensitivity-related markers, including vascular endothelial growth factor 2 (VEGFR2), thymidylate synthase (TS), tubulin beta 3 class III (TUBB3), topoisomerase I (Topo-I), and Topo-II in 92 surgically resected LCNEC samples. Furthermore, we examined the prognostic significance of expression of these and their correlation with the immune cell status. RESULTS: Overall, high expression of TS, TUBB3, VEGFR2, Topo-I, and Topo-II was detected in 50 (54%), 31 (34%), 23 (25%), 65 (71%), and 36 (39%) samples, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that advanced pathological T and N factors, positive lymphatic permeation, and Topo-II expression were independent unfavorable prognosticators for recurrence-free survival, and advanced pathological T and N factors, Topo-II positive expression, and TS positive expression were independent unfavorable prognosticators for overall survival. In terms of correlation with immune cell status, higher expression of VEGFR2 was closely linked to negative PD-L1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that elevated Topo-II and TS expression may contribute to poor outcomes through protumoral biology in patients with LCNEC, and elevated VEGFR2 expression might negatively impact tumor immune reactions in LCNEC.

14.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) stimulates liver hypertrophy and improves the safety of major hepatectomy. It is essential to predict the future remnant liver volume (FRLV) and resection limit following PVE. Previously, we reported that evaluating functional FRLV (fFRLV) using EOB-MRI could predict post-hepatectomy liver failure. In this study, we investigated the usefulness of fFRLV in predicting the achieving of adequate resection limit for safe hepatectomy following PVE. METHODS: We included 55 patients who underwent PVE and were scheduled for major hepatectomy. We calculated the liver-to-muscle ratio in the remnant liver and fFRLV using EOB-MRI. We investigated the pre-PVE variables in determining the nonachievement of the resection limit. RESULTS: The median observation period between PVE and the first evaluation was 21 days, and the median growth rate of FRLV was 26.4%. In 54.5% of patients, the resection limit of fFRLV (615 mL/m2) was achieved. In logistic regression and receiver-operating characteristic analyses, pre-PVE fFRLV (p < 0.001, area under the curve: 0.852) was the reliable predictor of achieving the resection limit; the cutoff value of pre-PVE fFRLV was 446 mL/m2. CONCLUSION: Pre-PVE fFRLV can be useful in predicting the achievement of adequate resection limit following PVE.

15.
Kyobu Geka ; 74(7): 504-508, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193784

RESUMO

PURPOSES: Here, we present the tips and pitfalls of video-assisted thoracoscopic( VATS) total pleural adhesiolysis( TPA), determined on an empirical basis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2012 to 2020, VATS-TPA was performed in 33 patients undergoing pulmonary anatomic lung resection at our institute. The basic procedure was as follows:after peeling off the area of pleural adhesion surrounding the surgical ports using the fingers, the thoracoscope was inserted into the thorax and the adhesions in other areas were peeled off under thoracoscopic guidance. RESULTS: The adhesiolysis group had a longer operating time, greater blood loss, and higher rate of conversion to thoracotomy compared to the non-adhesiolysis group. However, the results were acceptable considering the extra manipulation for adhesiolysis. CONCLUSIONS: VATS-TPA is a necessary component of the standard surgical procedure for general thoracic surgeons in cases of total pleural adhesion.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Doenças Pleurais , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pleura/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Toracotomia
16.
Anticancer Res ; 41(8): 3899-3904, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant nab-paclitaxel plus cyclophosphamide (CPA) plus trastuzumab (AbraC-HER) in patients with early HER2-positive breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-arm, open-label, single-center prospective phase II study. The primary endpoint was pathological complete response rate (pCR rate). The secondary endpoints were clinical antitumor efficacy and the frequency and severity of adverse events. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients were enrolled in this study. pCR (ypT0/is ypN0) was achieved in 29 patients (49%). The overall response rate was 88.1% (52/59) in all patients. Dose reductions because of adverse events occurred in 3 patients (5.1%) and relative dose intensity was 98%. Compared to Abra-HER, AbraC-HER induced fewer adverse effects. CONCLUSION: Treatment with nab-paclitaxel plus CPA plus trastuzumab was tolerable and effective with a high pCR rate. This AbraC-HER neoadjuvant therapy may be a feasible new treatment option for patients with early HER2-positive breast cancer.


Assuntos
Albuminas/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Albuminas/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Receptor ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab/efeitos adversos
17.
Anticancer Res ; 41(8): 3925-3931, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study clarified the predictive impact of serum biomarkers on therapeutic sensitivity to nivolumab in patients with gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The outcomes of 27 patients who received nivolumab to treat postoperative recurrent or unresectable advanced GC were reviewed. Blood testing was performed immediately before and after two courses of nivolumab. We also focused on the rate of change of each blood variable. RESULTS: The decrease in albumin (Alb) levels (p=0.035) and increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels (p=0.012) after two courses of nivolumab were significantly larger in patients with disease progression. Furthermore, therapeutic resistance was significantly associated with an elevated LDH-to-Alb ratio (LAR) after two courses of nivolumab. CONCLUSION: Decreased Alb or increased LDH levels after two courses of nivolumab predicted nivolumab sensitivity in patients with GC. An increased LAR was a meaningful predictor of nivolumab resistance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Albumina Sérica/análise , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Masculino , Nivolumabe/farmacologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue
18.
Anticancer Res ; 41(8): 4005-4011, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the prognostic value of preoperative immunoinflammatory scores and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) for patients undergoing salvage esophagectomy to identify suitable candidates for surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients undergoing salvage esophagectomy were included. The prognostic value of the preoperative C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and maximum standardized FDG uptake value (SUVmax) were investigated. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis demonstrated high CAR to be an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (p=0.013). CAR had no association with clinicopathological variables, whereas the SUVmax was significantly positively associated with tumor aggressiveness. Multivariate analysis using residual tumor and the combination of CAR and SUVmax revealed both residual tumor (p=0.009) and high CAR/high SUVmax (p=0.016) to be independent prognostic factors for overall survival. CONCLUSION: Preoperative evaluation of CAR as an immunoinflammatory indicator and SUVmax as a marker of tumor aggressiveness will be useful to identify suitable candidates for this high-risk surgery.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Albumina Sérica/análise , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Plaquetas , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Esofagectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/diagnóstico por imagem , Inflamação/terapia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação
19.
Surg Today ; 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196805

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm is a rare pancreatic tumor. The purpose of this study was to clarify the recurrence type and prognosis in recurrent cases after intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm resection. METHODS: PubMed was searched for previous reports on surgical resection of intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas that were published from 2009 to July 2020. The clinical features obtained from these reports were summarized and analyzed. RESULTS: The clinicopathological data of 35 intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm cases were obtained. Of these, 21 were males, and 14 were females, with an average age of 57.9 years old. Invasive findings were observed in 21 of 35 patients (60%). Recurrence was observed in 11 of the 35 cases (31.4%), including remnant pancreatic recurrence in 6 cases (17.1%) and liver metastasis in 5 cases (14.3%). The tumor size was significantly larger in the liver metastasis group than in the remnant pancreas recurrence group (P = 0.04), and patients with liver metastases tended to have a poorer prognosis than those with remnant pancreas recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: The recurrence type of intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm resection was mainly remnant pancreatic recurrence and liver metastasis recurrence. Total pancreatectomy for remnant pancreatic recurrence may be suitable because of its good prognosis.

20.
Clin Case Rep ; 9(7): e04317, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267897

RESUMO

Noonan syndrome is a genetic multisystem disorder and is associated with mutation of genes encoding the proteins in the RAS-MAPK pathway. We reported the first case of Noonan syndrome complicated with hepatocellular carcinoma.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...