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1.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 32(7): 575-580, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association of Helicobacter pylori-negative gastritis with lymphoid follicles (LFs) in children is still unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the natural history and significance of H. pylori-negative gastritis with LFs in children. METHODS: We identified children with histologically proven H. pylori-negative gastritis with LFs between June 2014 and January 2017. The children were invited for a follow-up examination. The clinical, endoscopic, and histological findings of the index esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) were revised and compared to the follow-up findings. RESULTS: A total of 754 children underwent EGD. Among the 48 children diagnosed with H. pylori-negative gastritis, 17 (35.41%) had gastric LFs. Eight agreed to participate in the study. The mean follow-up was 25.58 ± 4.52 (range, 20.53-35.73) months. Three children still had histologic findings of chronic gastritis with LFs. Four children had resolution of the gastritis but still had LFs, and 1 patient had resolution of both the gastritis and LFs. CONCLUSION: LFs were still present in children with H. pylori-negative gastritis after a mean follow-up of 2 years, and in some children, despite resolution of the gastritis. Therefore, this histological finding might be a non-pathological feature in children and does not need any contribution or follow-up.

2.
J Dig Dis ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) significantly impacts on patients' well-being. Patients' preferences for treatment outcomes do not necessarily fit physicians' goals. We aimed to investigate patients' priorities and expectations from treatment. METHODS: A questionnaire based on the IBD Disk application was distributed to patients through social media. Patient's preferences were assessed by grading the 10 IBD Disk items on a Likert-type scale from 1 to 10. A cluster analysis was used to classify patients into homogeneous subgroups according to their preferred items, using the K-means method. RESULTS: Among the 224 patients, 69.2% had Crohn's disease (CD). Their mean age was (38.9 ± 14.9) years and 62.9% were female. More CD patients compared with those with ulcerative colitis were treated with biologics compared with those with ulcerative colitis (71.0% vs 39.1%, P < 0.001). Most IBD Disk items ranked high in patients' preferences for treatment outcomes. Their leading preference was reducing abdominal pain, which was more prominent in CD patients, followed by regulating defecation and energy. Least important were interpersonal interactions, sexual functions, and body image. Patients were categorized into three clusters. Cluster 3 patients gave lower scores to most items and were characterized by tertiary education (P = 0.001), higher income (P < 0.001), less active disease (P = 0.02), and higher prevalence of successful treatment (P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Patients' preferences for treatment outcomes are influenced by higher education, higher income, rural-dwelling, and disease activity. Better understanding of individual patient's preferences and the factors that affect them might bridge the gap between patients' and physicians' priorities to achieve better teamwork in controlling disease outcomes.

3.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 20(7): 359-365, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234091

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This article discusses the "bidirectional" relationship between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and physical activity. Intestinal symptoms and extraintestinal manifestations of IBD negatively impact a patient's ability to participate in sports. IBD also impacts athletic performance via its effects on muscle mass, muscle function, bone density, and fatigue. Surveys of IBD patients consistently show that IBD interferes with athletic participation. While IBD negatively affects physical activity, there is growing evidence that physical activity can be beneficial for IBD patients. Prospective studies have revealed that structured physical activities may positively influence inflammatory markers, disease activity, muscle strength, bone density, fatigue, stress, anxiety, and quality of life. This suggests that physical activity may be a simple and safe adjuvant therapy for IBD patients. Future studies assessing the optimal activity regimen are warranted. Finally, a cohort of professional athletes with IBD are described for the first time - football players in the National Football League.


Assuntos
Atletas , Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/fisiopatologia , Esportes/fisiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Eritema Nodoso/etiologia , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Futebol Americano/fisiologia , Futebol Americano/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/prevenção & controle , Artropatias/classificação , Artropatias/etiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Pioderma Gangrenoso/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Esclerite/etiologia , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia , Uveíte/etiologia
4.
Dysphagia ; 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215930
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34191758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic raised concerns among inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients fearing an increased risk of infection and poor outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the incidence of COVID-19 among IBD patients; its influence on disease severity and outcome; its relationship to medication use and how the pandemic affected IBD management. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was posted online to members of the Israel Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis Foundation (November 2020-January 2021). The questionnaire addressed the course of IBD disease and COVID-19 infection over the past year. RESULTS: Total 2152 IBD patients completed the questionnaire. Of which 104 (4.8%) had been infected with COVID-19, significantly lower than the 'expected' infected cases among the Israeli population (P = 0.033). The median age of participants was 39 years; 60.5% were female. Most patients (75.6%) had no comorbidities other than IBD. No correlation was found between IBD type or disease severity and COVID-19 infection. Most IBD patients reported mild COVID-19 disease, regardless of the type of IBD medications. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that younger age, elevated BMI and diabetes were independent risk factors for COVID-19 infection. IBD treatment methods including 5-aminosalicylic acid, smoking and hypertension were protective factors. In total 25.2% of COVID-19 patients discontinued their IBD treatment, compared to 8.5% of non-COVID-19-infected patients. IBD flares were significantly higher in those who discontinued treatment (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: IBD patients do not have an increased risk for COVID-19, regardless of IBD activity or treatment. Patients should be encouraged to continue effective IBD therapy, including biologics and steroids, to minimize active IBD.

6.
Dysphagia ; 36(2): 325-326, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772150
7.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 87(3): 1187-1193, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692459

RESUMO

AIM: Data on cardiovascular outcomes in elderly using proton pump inhibitors (PPI) are scant. We aimed to test the association between PPI use and the occurrence of first-time ischemic stroke (FTIS) among elderly. METHODS: The electronic database of a centrally located district branch of a large health maintenance organization in Israel was retrospectively screened (2002-2016) for community-dwelling individuals (≥65-95 years) for demographics and co-morbidities. Follow-up was until FTIS, death or end of study. Findings were analyzed by PPI use and occurrence of FTIS. RESULTS: 29,639 subjects (without history of stroke and use of antiplatelet aggregation drugs) mean age of 82.2 ± 5.5 years (range: 65-95 years, 38% male) were analyzed: 8,600 (29%) used PPIs. Mean follow up was 10.58 years (SD ± 5.44). Similar total and annual occurrence rates of FTIS were depicted in PPI users and non-users (20.9% vs. 21% and 2% vs. 2.1%, respectively). On a Cox regression analysis, upon adjustment for age, gender and cardiovascular disease related risk factors, PPI use was significantly associated with lower rates of FTIS (HR 0.73, 95% C.I. 0.69-0.77, p < 0.001). The risk for FTIS was significantly lower in subjects using PPI at any dose and for any time period compared to non-users (HR 0.9, 95% C.I. 0.85-0.96 for 7-48 yearly prescriptions and HR 0.51, 95% C.I. 0.46-0.55 for ≥49 yearly prescriptions). CONCLUSIONS: PPI use was associated with lower rates of FTIS in community-dwelling elders. Prospective large-scale studies are needed to fully elucidate the effect of PPI in this aging population.

9.
Front Pediatr ; 8: 580240, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33117763

RESUMO

Background: The prevalence of celiac disease (CD) has dramatically increased with wide variability in clinical presentations between different geographical areas. However, the contribution of ethnic disparities in pediatric celiac disease is still unclear, especially in patients of Bedouin origin. Objective: We aimed to compare the clinical presentation and histological severity of celiac disease between Bedouin and Jewish children in southern Israel. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which we collected the demographic and clinical data, laboratory results, and histological severity of CD in two ethnic groups: Bedouins and Jews. The study included patients who were diagnosed between 1997 and 2015 in a tertiary hospital in southern Israel. Results: Data from 844 children with CD (271 Jewish and 573 Bedouins), 505 females (59.8%), were analyzed. Gastrointestinal symptoms and diabetes were more prevalent among the Jewish population (p < 0.001 and p = 0.008, respectively), while family history, failure to thrive, iron deficiency anemia, and histological severity were significantly more prevalent among the Bedouin group. Upon multivariate logistic regression analysis, only the presence of iron deficiency anemia and Bedouin origin were associated with more advanced histological disease (OR of 2.03 (95% C.I 1.31; 4.308) (P < 0.009) and OR 1.78 (95% C.I 1.31; 4.308) (P < 0.003) respectively). Conclusion: The clinical presentation of celiac disease in Bedouin children is characterized by anemia with less gastrointestinal symptoms, but more severe histological damage. These differences might be explained either by a delay in the diagnosis of the disease in this population or by variable environmental, cultural, and nutritional factors unique to this ethnic group.

10.
Clin Exp Gastroenterol ; 13: 187-191, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494182

RESUMO

Objective: Different infectious agents have been presumed to be candidates acting as an etiologic factor or trigger of Crohn's disease (CD). Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a common human infection agent that can also trigger post-infectious immune-mediated conditions. The current study aimed to examine whether the immunogenic activity induced by GAS may trigger new-onset of CD. Methods: Data for antistreptolysin O (ASO) level, throat culture for GAS, and history of streptococcal infection were collected from 91 patients with CD that were divided into three groups including; new-onset CD, CD in remission and active CD. The data were compared with the control group. Results: All participants had negative results of throat culture for GAS and had no history of documented streptococcal infection in the past year. Our results indicate that new-onset CD, but not CD in remission or active CD, is associated with significantly increased positive ASO compared to controls. Half of the patients in the new-onset CD group were ASO positive, which was significantly higher compared to the control group in a univariant (OR: 4.00; 95% CI 1.27-12.58; P=0.02) and multivariant analysis (OR: 4.41; 95% CI 1.35-14.37; P=0.014). Conclusion: Our study is the first to focus on ASO levels in patients with CD and to demonstrate a significant association between ASO and new-onset of CD. Large prospective randomized controlled studies are needed to confirm the validity of this data and to further clarify the clinical significance of our findings.

11.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 71(1): e6-e11, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187142

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Small bowel involvement in Crohn disease (CD) is clinically important for diagnosis and treatment. Single and double-balloon enteroscopy have already become important diagnostic tools in such cases. The on-demand NaviAid AB device enables deep advancement into the small bowel, using an anterograde or retrograde approach. In adults, this procedure is feasible, safe, and rapid. This work aimed to assess the safety and feasibility of NaviAid AB enteroscopy in pediatric patients. METHODS: Single-center, prospective study using the through-the-scope balloon-assisted-enteroscopy (TTS-BAE) NaviAid AB device for the evaluation of the small bowel in children with suspected or known inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The system consists of a single-use balloon catheter inserted through the instrument channel of a standard colonoscope. It consists of an inflation/deflation system (NaviAid SPARK), which is inflated to anchoring pressure. The repetitive push-pull technique enables the advancement of the colonoscope along the small intestine. RESULTS: Fifty analyzed endoscopic procedures (30 retrograde, 20 anterograde) were performed in 34 children (52.9% boys, mean age 13.7 years). Average maximal depth of insertion (MDI), advancement depth using the NaviAid AB and average total procedure time were 138 cm (range 100-190 cm), 81 cm (range 40-120 cm), and 12.8 minutes (range 7.3-19.0 minutes), respectively, for the anterograde approach and 143 cm (range 100-170 cm), 64 cm (range 20-95 cm), and 21.9 minutes (range 13.9-32.0 minutes), respectively, for the retrograde approach. No serious or device-related adverse events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: NaviAid AB enteroscopy in children is safe, feasible, and enables assessment of the small intestine in a short period of time.


Assuntos
Enteroscopia de Balão , Enteroscopia de Duplo Balão , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
BMJ Open ; 10(2): e031091, 2020 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To formulate a decision analysis model based on recently published data that addresses the dilemma, whether improvement in quality of life rationalises continued proton pump inhibitors (PPI) use despite the risk of gastric cancer (GC) in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). DESIGN: A Markov model consisting of an initial decision regarding treatment with PPI (denoting it by PPI strategy) or any other treatment without PPI (denoting it by placebo strategy) was designed. DATA SOURCES: Data from prospective cross-sectional studies indicating risk stratification for GC after the use of PPI, combined with a Markov model that comprised the following states: Live, GC stages 1-4, Death. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outputs included quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and life expectancy (LE). The improvement in utility in FD without PPI as compared with PPI use was tested (PPI vs placebo strategies). Sensitivity analyses were performed to evaluate the robustness of the model and address uncertainty in the estimation of model parameters. SETTING: We considered only patients whose symptoms were relieved with PPIs and thus, had a better quality of life compared with patients who did not receive PPIs. RESULTS: The base case model showed that PPIs compared with placebo decreased LE by 58.4 days with a gain of 2.1 QALY. If utility (quality of life of patients with FD using PPI compared with patients with FD without PPI) improved by more than 0.8%, PPI use is considered better than placebo. Older patients benefited less from PPI treatment than did younger patients. CONCLUSION: To bridge the gap between evidence and decision making, we found that even a small improvement in the QALY justified continuing PPI treatment.


Assuntos
Dispepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Cadeias de Markov , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/induzido quimicamente , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Medição de Risco
13.
Obes Surg ; 30(3): 846-850, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery predisposes patients to cholelithiasis and therefore the need of a subsequent cholecystectomy; however, the incidence of cholecystectomy after bariatric surgery is debated. AIM AND METHODS: Medical records of 601patients hospitalized for bariatric surgery between January 2010 and July 2018 were reviewed. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence of cholecystectomy following different types of common bariatric procedures. All patients who developed cholelithiasis and a subsequent cholecystectomy were included. Cholelithiasis was diagnosed by clinical criteria and characteristic ultrasound findings. RESULTS: We retrospectively evaluated 580 patients with an average follow-up of 12 months (range 6-24 months). Twenty-one patients were excluded because of missing data. Mean age was 48 ± 19 years (78% females). Twenty-nine patients (5%) underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) before the bariatric surgery, and 58 patients (10%) performed concomitant LC with the bariatric procedure due to symptomatic gallstone disease (including stones, sludge, and polyps). There were 203 laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) (35%), 175 laparoscopic gastric band (LAGB) (30%), 55 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) (9.5%), and 147 (25%) mini gastric bypass (MGB) procedures during the study period. At the follow-up period, 36 patients (6.2%) developed symptomatic cholelithiasis, while the most common clinical presentation was biliary colic. There was a significant difference between the type of the bariatric procedure and the incidence of symptomatic cholelithiasis after the operation. The incidence of symptomatic gallstone formation in patients who underwent RYGB was 14.5%. This was significantly higher comparing to 4.4% following SG, 4.1% following LAGB, and 7.5% following MGB (p = 0.04). We did not find any predictive risk factors including smoking; BMI at surgery; change in BMI; comorbidities such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and COPD for gallstone formation; or a subsequent cholecystectomy. Interestingly we found that previous bariatric surgery was a risk factor for gallstone formation and cholecystectomy, 13/82 patients (15.8%) compared to 23/492 patients (4.6%) among those without previous bariatric operation (p < 0.001)]. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that patients with previous bariatric surgery or patients planned for RYGB are at high risk to develop postoperative symptomatic gallbladder disease. Concomitant cholecystectomy during the bariatric procedure or alternatively UDCA treatment for at least for 6 months to avoid the high incidence of postoperative symptomatic gallstones should be considered in those asymptomatic patients.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Colelitíase/epidemiologia , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Colecistectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Colelitíase/etiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cálculos Biliares/epidemiologia , Cálculos Biliares/etiologia , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Derivação Gástrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 26(11): 1648-1657, 2020 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery is the preferred option for patients with symptomatic localized fibrostenotic ileocecal Crohn's disease (CD) but not for those with predominantly active inflammation without obstruction. The benefit of early surgery in patients with a limited nonstricturing ileocecal CD over biologic treatment is still a debate. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to formulate a decision analysis model based on recently published data to explore whether early surgery in patients with limited nonstricturing CD is preferred over biologic treatment. METHODS: We constructed a Markov model comparing 2 strategies of treatment: (1) early surgery vs (2) biologic treatment. To estimate the quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and the costs in each strategy, we simulated 10,000 virtual patients with the Markov model using a Monte Carlo simulation 100 times. Sensitivity analyses were performed to evaluate the robustness of the model and address uncertainties in the estimation of model parameters. RESULTS: The costs were $29,457 ± $407 and $50,382 ± $525 (mean ± SD) for early surgery strategy and biologic treatment strategy, respectively. The QALY was 6.24 ± 0.01 and 5.81 ± 0.01 for early surgery strategy and biologic treatment strategy, respectively. CONCLUSION: The strategy of early surgery dominates (higher QALY value [efficacy] and less cost) compared with the strategy of biologic treatment in patients with limited ileocecal CD.

16.
Harefuah ; 158(6): 398-403, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215194

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection remains a challenge for both primary care physicians and gastroenterologists. Over the past years, resistance of Hp to antibiotics has increased in Israel and abroad. Macrolide resistance remains the single most important factor responsible for failure to eradicate the organism. Effective treatment for the eradication of Hp must consider local resistance patterns. For this reason, representatives with clinical and research experience in the field of Hp convened under the auspices of the Israel Gastroenterology Association (IGA) to review the medical literature regarding the diagnosis and treatment of Hp, with particular emphasis on studies emanating from our region, and to develop local guidelines. The IGA does not recommend the use of clarithromycin-based triple therapy for the first-line treatment of Hp infection. Options for the first-line treatment of Hp infection include concomitant therapy, bismuth-based quadruple therapy and sequential therapy. Additional recommendations highlight the need to treat Hp whenever it is diagnosed, given its oncogenic potential, while adhering to the outlined indications for testing. The IGA calls for prospective studies to assess the comparative efficacy of different treatment protocols in Israel.


Assuntos
Gastroenterologia , Infecções por Helicobacter , Amoxicilina , Antibacterianos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Quimioterapia Combinada , Gastroenterologia/tendências , Infecções por Helicobacter/terapia , Helicobacter pylori , Humanos , Israel , Macrolídeos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Ther Adv Gastrointest Endosc ; 12: 2631774519843401, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192315

RESUMO

Background and Aim: The BreathID ® Hp urea breath test provides several advantages over other 13C breath analyzers for the detection of Helicobacter pylori. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of a new BreathID ® Hp Lab System (Exalenz Bioscience Ltd, Israel), a 13C-urea breath test system using breath sampling bags that facilitates multiple testing in a multicenter international clinical study. Methods: A total of 257 subjects with evaluable results for urea breath test, rapid urease test, and histology were enrolled into two study groups: 189 naïve subjects were included in the pre-therapy group, and 68 subjects comprised the post-eradication therapy group. Analytical studies were conducted to evaluate the stability, reproducibility, and repeatability of the 13C-urea breath test results using a delta over baseline cut-off value of 5. Results: Among the pre-therapy subjects evaluated with the composite results from the rapid urease test and histology/immunohistochemistry, 176 results matched those of the urea breath test, resulting in an overall agreement of 98.3% with a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 97.9%. In the post-eradication therapy cohort, the overall agreement between the urea breath test and the biopsy diagnosis was 98.5%; the sensitivity of the urea breath test in this cohort was 92.3% and the specificity was 100%. There was uniformly high overall reproducibility (99.48%) of the test results over different batches of breath sample bags, when analyzed on different days and under different storage conditions, showing stability of the breath samples in the breath collection bags. Conclusion: The BreathID ® Hp Lab System is a highly accurate and dependable method for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection.

18.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol ; 12: 1756284819842756, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037120

RESUMO

Background: Variability in glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 and GLP-2 plasma concentrations has been suggested in Celiac disease (CD), with inconclusive results. We assessed the association between serum levels of GLP-1 and GLP-2 and their duodenal receptor expression in children with and without CD. Methods: This was a two-part, cross-sectional and prospective cohort study. Group assignment, performed after duodenal samples for mRNA expression of GLP-1 receptor (GLP1R) and GLP-2 receptor (GLP2R), were taken during esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The control group consisted of patients with normal endoscopy and negative serology. The CD group consisted of patients with positive serology and endoscopy suggestive of CD. All had an oral glucose-tolerance test (OGTT). CD patients underwent a second OGTT after 6 months of a gluten-free diet (GFD). Results: The CD group included 12 patients; 7 males with mean age 9.2 ± 2.5 years. The control group included 10 patients; 5 males with mean age 12 ± 4 years, (p = 0.14). No differences were detected in basal or peak levels of GLP-1 or GLP-2 between control, naïve CD (before GFD) and treated CD (after GFD) groups. Expression of GLP1R and GLP2R mRNA was similar. Significant positive correlations between glucose and C-peptide secretion (r = 0.9, p < 0.01) and GLP-1 and GLP-2 (r = 0.8, p = 0.01) were detected in the control group. Significant negative correlations were found in the naïve CD group between GLP2R expression and glucose secretion (r = -0.68, p = 0.015) and GLP1R expression and serum GLP-1 (r = -0.7, p = 0.016). Conclusions: Although no significant differences were detected in secretion patterns or gut receptor expression of GLP-1 and GLP-2 in healthy versus CD pediatric patients, the detected discrepancy between the ligand levels and their tissue receptors requires additional study.

19.
J Gastrointestin Liver Dis ; 28(1): 29-32, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30851169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a theoretical concept reflecting a person's resources and orientation, which enable individuals to cope with stressors in a health-promoting manner. In several multifactorial chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus and systemic lupus erythematosus, SOC was correlated with disease development. It was also related with the emotional distress in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).The aim of this study was to investigate the possible correlation between low SOC scores and the presence of IBD. METHODS: A total of 183 Crohn's disease (CD) and 71 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients completed questionnaires including demographic data and the 13 items for the SOC questionnaire. The IBD patients were matched to 124 healthy people according to age, gender, education, employment status and marital status. RESULTS: In the CD cohort, 96 patients were matched to the healthy cohort according to the propensity score value, and in the UC cohort 57 were matched. Patients with Crohns' disease had a median SOC score of 63 (IQR 56-71), and healthy matching controls of 62.5 (IQR 55.25- 68.75) p=0.369. Patients with ulcerative patients had a median SOC score of 66 (IQR 56-73) and healthy controls 62 (IQR 55-69) p=0.354. CONCLUSIONS: In our study SOC was not related to the development of IBD. The question of whether SOC is associated with the development of chronic disease and particularly with IBD remains open.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/psicologia , Doença de Crohn/psicologia , Senso de Coerência , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 89(3): 545-553, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30273591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is largely preventable with routine screening and surveillance colonoscopy; however, interval cancers arising from precancerous lesions missed by standard colonoscopy still occur. An increased adenoma detection rate (ADR) has been found to be inversely associated with interval cancers. The G-EYE device includes a reusable balloon integrated at the distal tip of a standard colonoscope, which flattens haustral folds, centralizes the colonoscope's optics, and reduces bowel slippage. The insufflated balloon also aims to enhance visualization of the colon during withdrawal, thereby increasing the ADR. METHODS: In this randomized, controlled, international, multicenter study (11 centers), patients (aged ≥50 years) referred to colonoscopy for screening, surveillance, or changes in bowel habits were randomized to undergo either balloon-assisted colonoscopy by using an insufflated balloon during withdrawal or standard high-definition colonoscopy. The primary endpoint was the ADR. RESULTS: One thousand patients were enrolled between May 2014 and September 2016 to undergo colonoscopy by experienced endoscopists; 803 were finally analyzed (standard colonoscopy n = 396; balloon-assisted colonoscopy n = 407). Baseline parameters were similar in both groups. Balloon-assisted colonoscopy provided a 48.0% ADR compared with 37.5% in the standard colonoscopy group (28% increase; P = .0027). Additionally, balloon-assisted colonoscopy provided for a significant increase in detection of advanced (P = .0033) flat adenomas (P < .0001) and sessile serrated adenomas/polyps (P = .0026). CONCLUSION: Balloon-assisted colonoscopy yielded a higher ADR and increased the detection of advanced, flat, and sessile serrated adenomas/polyps when compared with standard colonoscopy. Improved detection by the G-EYE device could impact the quality of CRC screening by reducing miss rates and consequently reducing interval cancer incidence. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT01917513.).


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Pólipos Adenomatosos/diagnóstico , Assistência ao Convalescente , Idoso , Colonoscópios , Colonoscopia/instrumentação , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Fezes/química , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Imunoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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