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1.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 170, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of a decision aid in clinical settings has been beneficial. It informs and educates patients about the available treatment options that can help them reduce decision-making conflicts related to feeling uninformed compared with routine care. There is a scarcity of published data about using a decision aid during family planning counseling with postpartum women focusing on long-acting reversible contraception in Tanzania. Therefore, we developed a "postpartum Green Star family planning decision aid" and assessed its feasibility. The study outcomes were practicality, usefulness, and acceptability perceived by pregnant adolescents and nurses/midwives. METHODS: We used an exploratory qualitative in-depth interview involving six nurses/midwives with three or more years of experience in family planning services and 12 pregnant adolescents aged 15-19 years. Purposive sampling was used to select the participants, and selection relied on the saturation principle of data collection. We used a semi-structured interview guide translated into the Kiswahili language. Data were transcribed and analyzed following inductive content analysis. RESULTS: The amount of information presented was just right, with the time of reading the data ranging from 20 min to 1 h. The study participants perceived the flow of information to be good, with small significant changes suggested. Kiswahili language was used and reported to be appropriate and well elaborated. However, a few words were told to be rephrased to reduce ambiguity. The nurses/midwives said that the decision aid included most of the vital information the participants wanted to know during their family planning counseling. Pregnant adolescents stated that the decision aid improved their knowledge and provided new details on the long-acting reversible contraception methods (intrauterine copper devices and implants) offered immediately after childbirth. The participants stated that the decision aid addressed long-acting reversible contraception methods' benefits and side effects and dispelled myths and misconceptions. The study participants considered the decision aid helpful in complementing the family planning counseling offered and improving pregnant adolescents' knowledge. CONCLUSION: The postpartum Green Star family planning decision aid was practical, useful, and acceptable in enhancing the objectivity of counseling about long-acting reversible contraception methods. It improved the knowledge of pregnant adolescents in Tanzania about the available contraception methods (i.e., the use of intrauterine copper devices and implants), which can be immediately used postpartum. Further research is needed to assess the effects of the decision aid on long-acting reversible contraception postpartum uptake among pregnant adolescents in Tanzania.


Assuntos
Serviços de Planejamento Familiar , Período Pós-Parto , Adolescente , Anticoncepção , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Tanzânia
2.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 444, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lecture-based learning (LBL) implemented in most Indonesian nursing/midwifery schools underlies the students' lack of ability in clinical reasoning. Team-based learning (TBL) was proposed to improve the students' ability in clinical reasoning as it is applying a course concept of real complex scenarios. In this study, we aimed to assess and compare the effects of TBL and LBL of postpartum hemorrhage topics on the clinical reasoning and classroom engagement of midwifery students in Indonesia. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial to compare the effects of TBL and LBL. The unit was schools and random allocation was conducted using a simple random sampling method (i.e., coin flipping). There was 1 cluster in the intervention group (n = 62 students) and 1 cluster in the control group (n = 53 students). The students in the intervention group participated in a TBL class (90 min) three times, whereas the students in the control group attended an LBL class on postpartum hemorrhage topics. The primary outcome was the clinical reasoning on postpartum hemorrhage score measured at pre-test, post-test, and 2 weeks post-test. The secondary outcome was Classroom Engagement Survey (CES) score measured after each class finished. We used an unpaired t-test to evaluate the differences between the two groups. The baseline characteristics of the participants were compared using standardized difference. RESULTS: We evaluated a total of 115 participants. Regarding the baseline characteristics, there was a small difference in the age, Grade Point Average and knowledge at pre-test between the intervention and control groups. The mean clinical reasoning on postpartum hemorrhage scores were significantly higher in the TBL students than in the LBL students at post-test (p < .001; Cohen's d = 1.41) and 2 weeks post-test (p < .001; Cohen's d = 1.50). The CES showed a significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: TBL is an effective learning method for enhancing the clinical reasoning ability of students. This learning method allows for more independent and active learning. Having a strong background knowledge, and discussing cases comprehensively with peers can sharpen the clinical reasoning ability of students.


Assuntos
Raciocínio Clínico , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Nurse Educ Today ; 105: 105015, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poor quality of care by midwives in Indonesia has become a barrier to improving maternal health. To eliminate this barrier, reforming the educational system (i.e., teaching and learning processes) is an urgent concern. Herein, we propose the use of team-based learning (TBL) as an active learning strategy to enhance knowledge of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and learning satisfaction of midwifery students in Indonesia. OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare knowledge of PPH, long-term retention of knowledge, and learning satisfaction of midwifery students attending a TBL class versus a didactic lecture on PPH topics. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used. The participants were second-year diploma level midwifery students who have (a) no TBL experience, (b) completed the previous semester, and (c) graduated from senior high school (without nursing background). We recruited 118 participants. The midwifery students in the intervention group participated 3 times in the TBL class (90 min), whereas those in the control group participated in the didactic lecture on PPH topics. An unpaired t-test was used to evaluate differences between groups. ANOVA was used to evaluate differences within groups. RESULTS: A total of 115 participants (intervention = 62, control = 53) were finally evaluated. The demographic data and pre-test scores were not significantly different between the 2 groups. The mean knowledge of PPH scores were significantly higher in the TBL students than in the control students at post-test, 2 weeks post-test, 6 weeks post-test, and 12 weeks post-test (all p < .001). The nursing student satisfaction scale score was significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group. CONCLUSION: The findings showed that TBL is an effective active learning strategy to improve knowledge of PPH of Indonesian midwifery students before clinical practice exposure. Further long-term evaluation (e.g., 1 semester) of the effectiveness of TBL is warranted.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Gravidez , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas
4.
Jpn J Nurs Sci ; : e12406, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470059

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to clarify (a) the association of the delivery mode (i.e., epidural anesthesia or no epidural) with women's changes in longitudinal salivary oxytocin (OT) levels from late pregnancy to early postpartum, and (b) the association of these changes with postpartum maternity blues (MB) and fatigue. METHODS: We used a longitudinal observational design. We performed measurements of the saliva samples at four measurement points: (a) 36-37 gestational weeks, (b) 38-39 gestational weeks, (c) 1-2 days after birth, and (d) 4-5 days after birth. The inclusion criterion was low-risk primiparous women who were planning to have vaginal delivery. We used Stein's MB scale to evaluate postpartum data and a visual analog scale to examine "postpartum fatigue". We determined the association between the MB/fatigue scores and the changes in the OT levels by Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. RESULTS: There were 29 women who delivered with epidural anesthesia and 29 women who did not. A significantly higher mean salivary OT level was observed in the women with epidural anesthesia at 1-2 days after birth than at 36-37 gestational weeks. The mean OT level at 4-5 days postpartum was significantly lower than that at 1-2 days postpartum. The correlation of the MB score with the salivary OT level at 4-5 days postpartum was ρ = -0.33, p = .01. CONCLUSIONS: Early postpartum OT level decreased with epidural anesthesia and showed a negative correlation with postpartum MB and fatigue. Healthcare providers should recognize that women who had epidural anesthesia need specific supportive care.

5.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242351, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180856

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Decision aids (DAs) are useful in providing information for decision-making on using epidural anesthesia during birth. To date, there has been little development of DAs for Japanese pregnant women. Herein, we investigated the effect of a DA on the decision of pregnant women whether to have epidural anesthesia or not for labor during vaginal delivery. The primary outcome was changes in mean decision conflict score. METHODS: In this non-randomized controlled trial, 300 low-risk pregnant women in an urban hospital were recruited by purposive sampling and assigned to 2 groups: DA (intervention) and pamphlet (control) groups. Control enrollment was started first (until 150 women), followed by intervention enrollment (150 women). Pre-test and post-test scores were evaluated using the Decision Conflict Scale (DCS) for primary outcome, knowledge of epidural anesthesia and satisfaction with decision making for secondary outcomes, and decision of anesthesia usage (i.e., with epidural anesthesia, without epidural anesthesia, or undecided). RESULTS: Women in the DA group (n = 149: 1 excluded because she did not return post-test questionnaire) had significantly lower DCS score than those in the pamphlet group (n = 150) (DA: -8.41 [SD 8.79] vs. pamphlet: -1.69 [SD 5.91], p < .001). Knowledge of epidural anesthesia and satisfaction with decision-making scores of women who used the DA were significantly higher than those of women who used the pamphlet (p < .001). Women in the DA group showed a significantly lower undecided rate than those in the pamphlet group. The number of undecided women in the DA group significantly decreased from 30.2% to 6.1% (p < .001), whereas that in the pamphlet group remained largely unchanged from 40.7% to 38.9%. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that a DA can be useful in helping women make a decision whether to have epidural anesthesia or not for labor during vaginal delivery.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural/tendências , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Participação do Paciente/métodos , Adulto , Comportamento de Escolha/fisiologia , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhetos , Gravidez , Gestantes/educação , Gestantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0221821, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479475

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed to 1) follow the longitudinal changes in the salivary oxytocin level of pregnant women from late pregnancy to early postpartum, 2) examine the factors related to these changes, and 3) clarify the association of these changes with mother-infant bonding. METHODS: This study used a longitudinal observational design and questionnaires to obtain objective and subjective data. For oxytocin evaluation, saliva samples were collected and their oxytocin levels were measured at 4-time points [i.e., 1) 36-37 gestation weeks, 2) 38-39 gestation weeks, 3) 1-2 days postpartum, 4) 4-5 days postpartum]. The oxytocin level was assayed in duplicates by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Baseline data were evaluated using the Parental Bonding Instrument (25 items), State Trait Anxiety Inventory (20 items), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Postpartum data were evaluated using the Mother to Infant Bonding Scale Japanese Version (10 items), Maternity Blues Scale (13 items), and 'Fatigue after Childbirth' using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS: 0-100 mm). RESULTS: The participants were 13 primiparas with a mean age of 33 years. They had no depression or anxiety at the baseline. Their mean salivary oxytocin levels significantly increased from late pregnancy (36-39 gestation weeks) up to 1 day postpartum and then decreased until 5 days postpartum. There was a negligible correlation between the bonding disorder and the salivary oxytocin level on the 5th day after childbirth. A moderate correlation was observed between the maternity blues score and the salivary oxytocin level. There was a significant negative correlation between the postpartum fatigue and the salivary oxytocin level 1 day and 5 days after childbirth. CONCLUSION: The mean salivary oxytocin levels significantly increased from the baseline up to 1 day postpartum and then decreased until 5 days postpartum. The salivary oxytocin level was moderately associated with maternity blues and significantly with postpartum fatigue.


Assuntos
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Ocitocina/metabolismo , Período Pós-Parto/metabolismo , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Gravidez/metabolismo , Gravidez/psicologia , Saliva/metabolismo , Adulto , Depressão Pós-Parto/metabolismo , Fadiga/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Apego ao Objeto , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
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