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Nurs Open ; 8(3): 1157-1167, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482657


AIM: To investigate the effect of a supportive program on coping strategies and stress in women with breast cancer. DESIGN: A randomized, two-armed, controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty women were randomly allocated to intervention group (N = 30) and control group (N = 30). The interventions were held in six sessions, weekly from August 2018-March 2019 It was consisting of education regarding breast cancer; progressive muscle relaxation; stress management; emotional coping; and problem-solving strategies. RESULTS: At baseline, there was no difference between the two groups regarding the mean score of coping strategies and stress. Supportive program group participants experienced a significantly higher increase on their problem-oriented coping strategies score in comparison with the control group. At the same time, scores in emotion-oriented coping strategies and stress decreased significantly in the intervention group compared with the control group. Result of this study can be used to develop relevant interventions targeting coping strategies to reduce stress among women with breast cancer.

Neoplasias da Mama , Adaptação Psicológica , Treinamento Autógeno , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Resolução de Problemas , Estresse Psicológico
Int J Breast Cancer ; 2017: 2481021, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29201466


Background: Breast cancer is the 5th leading cause of cancer death in Iranian women. This study analyzed 3010 women with breast cancer that had been referred to a cancer research center in Tehran between 1998 and 2014. Methods: In this retrospective study, we analyzed 3010 breast cancer cases with 32 clinical and paraclinical attributes. We checked the data quality rigorously and removed any invalid values or records. The method was data mining (problem definition, data preparation, data exploration, modeling, evaluation, and deployment). However, only the descriptive analyses' results of the variables are presented in this article. To our knowledge, this is the most comprehensive study on breast cancer status in Iran. Results: A typical Iranian breast cancer patient has been a 40-50-year-old married woman with two children, who has a high school diploma and no history of abortion, smoking, or diabetes. Most patients were estrogen and progesterone receptor positive, human epidermal growth factor (HER) negative, and P53 negative. Most cases were detected in stage 2 with intermediate grade. Conclusion: This study revealed original findings which can be used in national policymaking to find the best early detection method and improve the care quality and breast cancer prevention in Iran.