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1.
BJU Int ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621175

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the non-inferiority of bipolar transurethral vaporization of the prostate (TUVP) compared to GreenLight laser (GL) photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) for reduction of benign prostatic hyperplasia-related lower urinary tract symptoms in a randomized trial. METHODS: Eligible patients with prostate volumes of 30-80 mL were randomly allocated to GL-PVP (n = 58) or bipolar TUVP (n = 61). Non-inferiority of symptom score (International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS]) at 24 months was evaluated. All peri-operative variables were recorded and compared. Urinary (IPSS, maximum urinary flow rate and post-void residual urine volume) and sexual (International Index of Erectile Function-15) outcome measures were evaluated at 1, 4, 12 and 24 months. Need for retreatment and complications, change in PSA level and health resources-related costs of both procedures were recorded and compared. RESULTS: Baseline and peri-operative variables were similar in the two groups. At 1, 4, 12 and 24 months, 117, 116, 99 and 96 patients, respectively, were evaluable. Regarding urinary outcome measures, there was no significant difference between the groups. The mean ± sd IPSS at 1 and 2 years was 7.1 ± 3 and 7.9 ± 2.9 (P = 0.8), respectively, after GL-PVP and 6.3 ± 3.1 and 7.2 ± 2.8, respectively, after bipolar TUVP (P = 0.31). At 24 months, the mean difference in IPSS was 0.7 (95% confidence interval -0.6 to 2.3; P = 0.6). The median (range) postoperative PSA reduction was 64.7 (25-99)% and 65.9 (50-99)% (P = 0.006) after GL-PVP, and 32.1 (28.6-89.7)% and 39.3 (68.8-90.5)% (P = 0.005) after bipolar TUVP, at 1 and 2 years, respectively. After 2 years, retreatment for recurrent bladder outlet obstruction was reported in eight (13.8%) and 10 (16.4%) patients in the GL-PVP and bipolar TUVP groups, respectively (P = 0.8). The mean estimated cost per bipolar TUVP procedure was significantly lower than per GL-PVP procedure after 24 months (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In terms of symptom control, bipolar TUVP was not inferior to GL-PVP at 2 years. Durability of the outcome needs to be tracked. The greater cost of GL-PVP compared with bipolar TUVP is an important concern.

2.
J Infect Chemother ; 25(10): 791-796, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study risk factors for sepsis and mortality evaluating the role of platelet to leucocytic count ratio (PLR) as a marker for urosepsis and clinical outcomes in cases of emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN). MATERIALS: Patients with EPN were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' age, sex, diabetes mellitus (DM), Body Mass Index (BMI), hydronephrosis, types of EPN, air locules volume, serum creatinine, leucocytic count, and platelet count, PLR, albumin, INR and the line of treatment were analyzed as risk factors of sepsis. Correlation between PLR and other variables was done using Pearson correlation coefficient. Univariate and multivariate analyses for sepsis and mortality were performed. RESULTS: Of fifty four patients, 38 patients had SIRS ≥2 criteria on admission. Twenty patients developed sepsis requiring ICU admission. In univariate analysis, male gender, lower BMI, higher INR, higher WBCs count and lower PLR were associated with sepsis (P = 0.0001, 0.009, 0.04, 0.003 and 0.001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, PLR ≤18.4, male sex and BMI ≤24.2 were independent risk factors. Lower PLR directly correlated with serum albumin (P = 0.01) and inversely correlated with serum creatinine and random blood glucose level and Klebsiella infection (P = 0.001, 0.007 and 0.005, respectively). Also, it was correlated with a higher total score of qSOFA and SOFA (P = 0.02 and 0.04). Lower PLR was independent risk factors for death in EPN patients with (P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: EPN is associated with sepsis development. Lower PLR is an independent simple predictor for sepsis and mortality in patients with EPN.

3.
World J Urol ; 2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944968

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of oral dissolution therapy (ODT), shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), and combined SWL and ODT for medium-sized radiolucent renal stone (RLS). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial for patients with medium-sized RLS, 1-2.5 cm, ≤ 500 Hounsfield unit (HU). The ODT patients were counseled for oral potassiumsodium-hydrogen citrate (Uralyt-U®). The 2nd group underwent SWL and the last group had combined SWL and ODT. The primary outcome, stone-free rate (SFR) at 3 months, was assessed by non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT). We defined complete response (success) if no residual fragment were detected by NCCT; partial response (failure) if there was a decrease in stone size, but presence of residual stones; no response if there was no change or increase in stone size (failure). RESULTS: 150 patients completed follow-up. The SFR at 1st month and 3rd month were, respectively; 16% and 50% in the ODT group, 10% and 46% in the SWL group, and 35% and 72% patients in combined group with (p = 0.03 and 0.003, respectively. The overall SFR for all groups was 66%. Combined treatment and initial response in first month follow-up were independent factors predicting SFR. In addition, combined treatment significantly decreased the overall stone volume (p = 0.03) and the need for additional stone management procedures after 3 months (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Combined ODT and SWL treatment constitutes the most rapid and effective therapeutic approach for medium-sized RLS, decreasing overall stone volume as well as the number of SWL sessions needed in comparison to SWL therapy, alone.

4.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 50(11): 2007-2014, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30232721

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the role of low-intensity extra corporeal shock wave therapy (LI-ESWT) in penile rehabilitation (PR) post nerve-sparing radical cystoprostatectomy (NS-RCP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 152 sexually active men with muscle invasive bladder cancer. After bilateral NS-RCP with orthotopic diversion by a single expert surgeon between June 2014 and July 2016, 128 patients were available categorized into three groups: LI-ESWT group (42 patients), phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors (PDE5i) group (43 patients), and control group (43 patients). RESULTS: Mean age was 53.2 ± 6.5 years. Mean ± SD follow-up period was 21 ± 8 months. During first follow-up FU1, all patients of the three groups had insufficient erection for vaginal penetration; with decrease of preoperative IIEF-EF mean score from 27.9 to 6.9. Potency recovery rates at 9 months were 76.2%, 79.1%, and 60.5% in LI-ESWT, PDE5i, and control groups, respectively. There was statistically significant increase in IIEF-EF and EHS scores during all follow-up periods in all the study groups (p < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference between the three groups during all follow-up periods. Statistical evaluation showed no significant difference in continence and oncological outcomes during all follow-up points among the three groups (p = 0.55 and 0.07, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: During last follow-up, 16% more patients in LI-ESWT group had recovery of potency as compared to the control group. Although the difference is not statistically significant, but of clinical importance. LI-ESWT is safe as oral PDE5i in penile rehabilitation post nerve-sparing radical cystoprostatectomy.

5.
J Urol ; 2018 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30218763

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To prospectively, assess the efficacy and predictors of success of oral dissolution therapy (ODT) by alkalinization for lucent renal calculi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with radiolucent renal stones were counseled ODT which entails oral potassium citrate 20 mEq three times daily, 3 liters of daily fluid intake and dietary regimen. Primary study`s endpoint was ODT-achieved 6 months stone free rate. Other end points included change in stone surface area as measured by NCCT at 3 and 6 months. RESULTS: Between February 2015 and January 2016, among 212 eligible patients agreed to participate, only 182 patients were ODT compliant and included in the final analysis. Mean stone surface area at enrollment was 1.3 cm3 (range 0.16-11.84). At 3 months, 97(53.2%), 65 (35.7%) and 20 (11.1%) patients were stone free (ODT responders), partial responders and non-responders, respectively. ODT-achieved 6 months stone free rate was 83% (97 and 54 patients after 3 and 6 months ODT, respectively). On regression analysis, initial response (3 months) to ODT (p=0.001), lower stone density (p=0.03) and higher urine PH at 12 weeks after treatment (p=0.01) independently predict ODT response at 6 months. CONCLUSION: Regardless stone size, ODT is an effective treatment approach for lucent renal stones. Initial response to ODT after 3 months is the key factor in determining potential ODT response after 6 months. In addition, treatment compliance achieving targeted urine PH and low stone density has an independent role in ODT response.

6.
World J Urol ; 2018 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30105456

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in treatment of bladder and urethral stones was not precisely determined. The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of SWL versus visual cystolitholapaxy in the management of calcular acute urine retention. METHODS: From March 2015 to February 2017, a randomised controlled study was conducted on 100 patients for whom urethral catheter fixed for acute retention of urine due to urethral or vesical radio-opaque stone(s) ≤ 2 cm. Patients were randomised to either SWL group (n = 50) or visual cystolitholapaxy (endoscopy group) (n = 50). RESULTS: No statistically significant differences between the pre-operative parameters of both groups were found. The mean stone diameter was 12.2 ± 3 mm and 12.2 ± 3.2 mm in SWL and endoscopy groups, respectively (p value = 0.4). The overall success rates of SWL group were 94% (47 of 50 patients) and endoscopy group were 98% (49 of 50 patients). SWL failed in 3 patients (6%); these 3 patients underwent cystolitholapaxy and were rendered free of stones. Intra-operative and post-operative complications were comparable between both groups (p value = 0.5 and 1, respectively). One patient had bladder perforation in the endoscopy group and was managed conservatively. CONCLUSIONS: SWL mono-therapy is safe, non-invasive and as effective as visual cystolitholapaxy in management of patients presenting with acute urine retention by vesical or urethral stones 2 cm or less and could be useful for patients unwilling/unfit for general anaesthesia.

7.
Arab J Urol ; 16(2): 197-205, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29892482

RESUMO

Objective: To establish the current evidence and assess the effectiveness and safety of selective transarterial embolisation (STE) to control intractable bladder haemorrhage (IBH). Materials and methods: With a rise in the use of STE for the treatment of IBH, a systematic review was performed according to the Cochrane reviews guidelines and in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Results: The literature search yielded 38 studies, of which 11 were excluded because of irrelevance of data. All included studies were observational cohort studies, with no randomisation or control groups apart from in relation to the materials used for embolisation. The studies were published between 1978 and 2016. There were 295 patients with an age range between 51 and 95 years. The success rate ranged from 43% up to 100%. The most reported complication was post-embolisation syndrome, although other complications were described such as mild transient gluteal claudication, nausea, and vomiting. Conclusion: STE of the internal iliac artery is a safe and effective alternative technique to control severe IBH, and has been successfully applied over many years to treat bladder haemorrhage associated with terminal pelvic malignancy.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29736649

RESUMO

A total of 1291 drinking water samples were examined for nitrite and nitrate during 6 months from December, 2015 to May, 2016 at 17 cities of Dakahlia governorate (Nile Delta, north of Egypt), and the results were utilized for assessment of health risk of the exposure from drinking water by calculating average daily intake (ADI), hazard quotient (HQ), and the hazard index (HI). The nitrite and nitrate in drinking water had a concentration range of 0.030-0.113 and 2.41-8.70 mg L-1, with mean values of 0.059 ± 0.014 and 5.25 ± 1.61 mg L-1, respectively. Nitrite and nitrate levels in rural areas and ground water samples were significantly higher than that in the urban ones. None of the analyzed samples exceeded WHO guideline values that set out to prevent methemoglobinemia. The values of HQ and HI for all age groups do not exceed unity indicating a low risk of methaemoglobinaemia for the population in this area. Results of the present study indicate that there is no health risk of residents from nitrite and nitrate through drinking water in the studied area. However, the other sources of exposure to nitrite and nitrate should be investigated in further studies.

9.
Urology ; 110: 98-103, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28893633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare recovery outcomes between laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) and open donor nephrectomy within a specified enhanced recovery program (ERP) for left kidney donations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A phase III randomized trial was conducted between January 2013 and June 2015; eligible left-side donors were randomized to laparoscopic or open donor nephrectomy in a 1:1 ratio with recovery optimized within a standardized ERP. The primary outcome was patient-reported measure of physical fatigue, as measured by the physical fatigue domain of the translated Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory 20. Secondary outcomes included other donor recovery outcomes, postoperative pain scores, hospital stay, perioperative complications, and graft outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 224 donors (laparoscopy, n = 113; open surgery, n = 111) were randomly allocated. Six weeks postoperatively, physical fatigue domain scores in Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory 20 were significantly lower in the LDN group (mean: laparoscopy, 8.2 ± 3.2 vs open surgery, 13.05 ± 2.9) (P = .007). Median total hospital stay was also significantly shorter in the LDN group (median: laparoscopy, 2; interquartile range, 1-5 vs open surgery, 4; interquartile range, 2-9 days) (P = .002). LDN was associated with less pain scores and less non-opioid analgesic requirements. Warm ischemia times were not significantly different in both groups (mean: laparoscopy, 2.5 ± 0.8 vs open surgery, 2.2 ± 0.6) (P = .431). CONCLUSION: Even when optimized within an ERP, LDN was associated with less general and physical fatigue and better physical function at 6 weeks postoperatively when compared with open surgery for left kidney donations.

10.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 15(3): 277-281, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28587588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We report on the long-term follow-up of managing allograft stones at a single tertiary referral institution and review the relevant literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of renal allograft recipient charts was performed to identify patients who developed allograft lithiasis between 1974 and 2009. Patient and stone characteristics, diagnoses, treatments, and outcomes were described. RESULTS: Sixteen patients developed 22 stones after a median follow-up of 170 months (range, 51-351 mo). The mean (standard deviation) and median diameter of the stones were 13.8 (8.5) mm and 11 mm. Among these, 3 stones were treated conservatively, 3 by shock-wave lithotripsy, and 7 by cystolitholapaxy. Seven patients underwent percutaneous treatment in the form of percutaneous nephrostomy tube fixation and spontaneous passage of stone (1 stone), shock-wave lithotripsy (1 stone), antegrade stenting (1 stone), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (6 stones). All patients were stone free after treatment, except for 2 patients whose stones were stable and peripheral on long-term follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Allograft lithiasis requires a multimodal treatment tailored according to stone and graft characteristics. Protocols regarding spontaneous passage can be adopted if there is no harm to the graft and the patient is compliant. Careful attention to the anatomy during percutaneous nephrostomy tube placement is mandatory to avoid intestinal loop injury. A more attentive follow-up is required for early stone management.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Litotripsia , Nefrolitíase/terapia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Egito , Feminino , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrolitíase/diagnóstico , Nefrolitíase/etiologia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/instrumentação , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 49(8): 1327-1334, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28501912

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term renal function outcome of management of retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF)-induced ureteral obstruction. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with idiopathic RPF-induced ureteral obstruction were classified according to the management type into two groups, group A; managed by indwelling JJ stent and group B managed by ureterolysis and omental wrapping (UOR). The primary outcome was to define the long-term outcome of management on RF. It was evaluated by changes in serum creatinine and estimated GFR (eGFR) using Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation where 20% changes in eGFR is considered significant. The second outcome is to compare the outcomes between both groups. RESULTS: After 27.5 (1-124) months, median (range) follow-up, median (range) serum creatinine increased significantly from 1.5 (0.8-8.1) to 1.6 (1-12.1) mg/dl (p value =0.04) and eGFR showed non-statistical significant reduction from 43 (5-110) to 41 (5-88) ml/min/1.73 m2 (p value =0.3). Eight (22.2%), 12 (34.4%) and 16 (44.4%) patients showed stable, increased and decreased eGFR. Group A showed statistically significant increased serum creatinine and insignificant decreased eGFR (p value =0.04 and 0.09), while group B showed statistically insignificant changes in serum creatinine and eGFR (p value =0.5 and 0.9). In group B, nine (21.4%) renal units are still harboring JJ stents. CONCLUSION: For idiopathic RPF, UOR avoided indwelling ureteral stents in 78.6% of renal units with apparent better long-term renal function outcome.


Assuntos
Fibrose Retroperitoneal/complicações , Stents , Obstrução Ureteral/fisiopatologia , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Adulto , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Obstrução Ureteral/etiologia
12.
Med Princ Pract ; 26(1): 30-34, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27648954

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the management protocol for intermittent testicular torsion (ITT) in adults and report the outcome of this clinical condition, which is commonly overlooked in adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-three patients were included in the study. The inclusion criterion was the presence of sudden intermittent testicular pain over a duration of 3 months. All the patients underwent clinical examination, urine analysis, culture, and scrotal ultrasound with Doppler. The testicle was in an abnormal or in transverse lie and/or could easily be twisted. Scrotal support and analgesia were given for 1 month, then patients were offered orchidopexy or conservative treatment. Nineteen patients chose orchidopexy while 44 chose conservative treatment. Follow-up ranged from 3 months to 2 years. The improvement was assessed using a visual analog pain score. The outcome of the treatment was compared between the surgical and conservative groups using a χ2 test. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 28 years (range: 17-50). Of the 19 patients who underwent orchidopexy, the pain resolved or visual analog pain scores improved (median 1/10) in 18 (94.7%) cases. On the other hand, 21 of the 44 (47.7%) cases that chose the conservative approach claimed their pain resolved or improved (visual analog pain scores: median 3/10) with a median of 13 months of follow-up. CONCLUSION: In this study, scrotal orchidopexy proved to be superior to conservative measures in cases of ITT in adults.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Orquidopexia , Torção do Cordão Espermático/tratamento farmacológico , Torção do Cordão Espermático/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/etiologia , Dor/cirurgia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Torção do Cordão Espermático/complicações , Escala Visual Analógica , Adulto Jovem
13.
World J Urol ; 35(8): 1241-1246, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28013344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the intraoperative surgeon perspective for detection of residual fragments (RFs) after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) with postoperative NCCT. METHODS: A prospective study of adult patients who underwent PNL between March and September 2014 was conducted. Stone complexity was evaluated using the Guy's stone score (GSS). All patients were evaluated by pre- and postoperative NCCT. After the procedure, the surgeon had been asked whether there were residual stones or not. The sensitivity, specificity and predictive values were tested against postoperative NCCT. Predictors of accurate intraoperative assessment were determined using univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. RESULTS: The study included 306 consecutive patients. The surgeons reported no residual stones in 236 procedures; of whom 170 (72%) were reported stone-free by NCCT. On the other hand, 65 out of 70 procedures (93%) reported with residual stones by the surgeons were true by NCCT. The sensitivity was 50% and the NPV was 72%, while the specificity was 97% and the PPV was 93%. On multivariate analysis, only lower GSS (p < 0.001) was independently associated with true negative surgeon opinion. CONCLUSIONS: Although there was a high surgeon ability to detect post-PNL residual stones, postoperative imaging is mandatory because of the high false negative rates and low NPV. The surgeon opinions can be judged only in stones with lower GSS. The NPV could be enhanced if a consistent definition of clinically significant RFs is introduced.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Arab J Urol ; 14(4): 275-279, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27900217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of fellowship training in endourology on different endourological procedures in a single institution. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The operative records of endourological and open surgeries were reviewed. Data analysed included numbers, types, and technical issues related to surgeries. The early study period ranged from September 1998 to September 2004, and the later period from January 2014 to June 2016. The study duration was classified into three periods according to the availability of an endourology fellowship trained member of staff (EFTS). In period A (September 1998 to September 2001) no EFTS was available, in period B (October 2001 to September 2004) an EFTS joined the urology unit, and in period C (January 2014 to June-2016) the EFTS had left the urology unit. RESULTS: In periods B and C the number of rigid ureteroscopy (URS) significantly increased compared with period A. Also, flexible URS was used for the first time in period B and continued in period C. The number of percutaneous nephrolithotomies increased in period B and continued to be performed in period C. Laparoscopic urological surgery was not undertaken in period A, and only done in four cases in period C, whilst it was performed in 62 patients in period B. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate was carried out in 36 patients during period B and not performed in periods A and C. Finally, the number of open stone surgeries decreased in periods B and C. CONCLUSION: The introduction of an EFTS definitely enhanced the practice of minimally invasive procedures.

15.
Int J Surg ; 36(Pt D): 693-697, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27856353

RESUMO

Urolithiasis in the context of renal transplant is a quite rare event that requires keeping a higher index of suspicion and vigilance. Donors with incidentally discovered asymptomatic renal stones "donor gifted lithiasis" are potentially considered for donation should they are not recurrent stone formers and in the absence of active biochemical disorders. Stone clearance from the donors can be done before donation using shock wave lithotripsy and/or flexible ureteroscopy. Ex vivo ureteroscopy at time of transplant is equally feasible and safe. A variety of anatomical, metabolic and surgical factors contribute to de novo lithiasis after transplantation. Diagnosis is challenging as the transplanted kidney is denervated and the presentation is consequently, atypical. Endourological armamentarium is readily present within the hands of the urologists for adequately addressing the stones and including shock wave lithotripsy, percutaneous nephrolithotomy and flexible ureteroscopy. Whilst all endourological techniques have proven feasibility and safety, they are surgically demanding and requiring high-volume expertise to be adequately performed. The longterm outcome in terms of stone recurrence or the effect on graft survival is favorable. Finally, formidable counselling as well as postoperative monitoring for both donors and recipients is crucial to minimize urolithiasis-related morbidity.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Doadores Vivos , Transplantados , Urolitíase/diagnóstico , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Litotripsia/métodos , Nefrostomia Percutânea , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureteroscopia/métodos , Urolitíase/terapia
16.
Nephrourol Mon ; 8(3): e34770, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27570751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal transplantation is the ideal method for management of end-stage renal disease. The use of living donors for renal transplantation was critical for early development in the field and preceded the use of cadaveric donors. Most donors are related genetically to the recipients, like a parent, a child, or a sibling of the recipient, but there are an increasing percentage of cases where donors are genetically unrelated like spouses, friends, or altruistic individuals. Donor shortages constitute the major barrier for kidney transplantation, and much effort has been made to increase the supply of living donors. The impact of donor source on the outcome of renal transplantation is not adequately studied in our country. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of donor source on the outcome of live donor kidney transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 1976 to December 2013, the number of patients that underwent living renal transplantation sharing at least one HLA haplotype with their donors was 2,485. We divided these patients into two groups: (1) 2,075 kidney transplant recipients (1,554 or 74.9% male and 521 or 25.1% female) for whom the donors were living related, (2) 410 kidney transplant recipients (297 or 72.4% male and 113 or 27.6% female) for whom the donors were living unrelated. All patients received immunosuppressive therapy, consisting of a calcineurin inhibitor, mycophenolate mofetil, or azathioprine and prednisolone. We compared acute rejection and complication rates, as well as long-term graft and patient survival of both groups. Demographic characteristics were compared using the chi-square test. Graft survival and patient survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: The percentages of patients with acute vascular rejection were significantly higher in the unrelated group, while percentages of patients with no rejection were significantly higher in the related group, but there were no significant differences regarding patient and graft survivals between both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Kidney transplant recipients who received their grafts either from live related donors or live unrelated donors had comparable patient and graft survival outcomes.

17.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 94(9): 936-46, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27411029

RESUMO

The present study investigated the effects of combination of ischemic preconditioning (Ipre) and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) on renal ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury in rats. 90 male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 5 equal groups; sham operated, control (45 min left renal ischemia), Ipre group as control group with 3 cycles of Ipre just before renal ischemia, ADMSCs-treated group (as control with ADMSCs 10(6) cells in 0.1 mL via penile vein 60 min before ischemia time), and Ipre + ADMSCs group as ADMCs group with 3 cycles of Ipre. Ipre and ADMSCs groups showed significant decrease in serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and caspase-3 and CD45 expression in kidney and significant increase in HIF-1α, SDF-1α, CD31, and Ki67 expressions in kidney compared with the control group (p < 0.05). Moreover, the Ipre + ADMSCs group showed significant decrease in serum BUN and caspase-3 and CD45 expression in kidney with significant increase in HIF-1α, SDF-1α, CD31, and Ki67 expression in kidney compared with the Ipre and ADMCs groups (p < 0.05). We concluded that Ipre potentiates the renoprotective effect of ADMSCs against renal I/R injury probably by upregulation of HIF-1α, SDF-1α, CD31, and Ki67 and downregulation of caspase-3 and CD45.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Precondicionamento Isquêmico , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Animais , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Caspase 3/biossíntese , Quimiocina CXCL12/biossíntese , Creatinina/sangue , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/biossíntese , Antígeno Ki-67/biossíntese , Antígenos Comuns de Leucócito/biossíntese , Masculino , Molécula-1 de Adesão Celular Endotelial a Plaquetas/biossíntese , Ratos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/sangue
18.
Arab J Urol ; 14(1): 1-6, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26966585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of sildenafil citrate on spontaneous passage of distal ureteric stones (DUS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled study of 100 patients with DUS. Inclusion criteria were: male, age 18-65 years, normal renal function, and a single radiopaque unilateral DUS of 5-10 mm. Patients were randomly allocated into two equal groups, one that received placebo and the other that received 50 mg sildenafil citrate once daily. Both investigators and patients were masked to the type of treatment. Patients self-administered the medication until spontaneous passage of the DUS. In patients where there was uncontrolled pain, fever, an increase in serum creatinine of >1.8 mg/dL, progressive hydronephrosis or no further progress after 4 weeks, a decision was taken for further treatment. RESULTS: In all, 47 and 49 patients were available for analysis in both the placebo and sildenafil citrate groups; respectively. Both groups were comparable for age and stone characteristics. Spontaneous expulsion occurred in 19 of 47 patients (40.4%) in the placebo group and in 33 of 49 (67.3%) in the sildenafil citrate group (P = 0.014). The mean time to stone expulsion was significantly shorter in the sildenafil citrate group (P < 0.001). A multivariable Cox proportional hazards model showed that receiving sildenafil citrate was the only independent factor that had a significant impact on stone passage with a hazard ratio of 2.7 (95% confidence interval 1.5-4.8; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Sildenafil citrate enhances spontaneous passage of 5-10 mm DUS.

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