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1.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 897, 2021 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a period of increasing independence for the 40% of young adults enrolled in U.S. colleges. Previous research indicates differences in how students' health behaviors develop and vary by gender, race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. George Mason University is a state institution that enrolls a highly diverse student population, making it an ideal setting to launch a longitudinal cohort study using multiple research methods to evaluate the effects of health behaviors on physical and psychological functioning, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Mason: Health Starts Here was developed as a longitudinal cohort study of successive waves of first year students that aims to improve understanding of the natural history and determinants of young adults' physical health, mental health, and their role in college completion. The study recruits first year students who are 18 to 24 years old and able to read and understand English. All incoming first year students are recruited through various methods to participate in a longitudinal cohort for 4 years. Data collection occurs in fall and spring semesters, with online surveys conducted in both semesters and in-person clinic visits conducted in the fall. Students receive physical examinations during clinic visits and provide biospecimens (blood and saliva). CONCLUSIONS: The study will produce new knowledge to help understand the development of health-related behaviors during young adulthood. A long-term goal of the cohort study is to support the design of effective, low-cost interventions to encourage young adults' consistent performance of healthful behaviors, improve their mental health, and improve academic performance.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Strength Cond Res ; 35(5): 1182-1186, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677459

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Fields, JB, Lameira, DM, Short, JL, Merrigan, JM, Gallo, S, White, JB, and Jones, MT. Relationship between external load and self-reported wellness measures across a collegiate men's soccer preseason. J Strength Cond Res 35(5): 1182-1186, 2021-Monitoring athlete training load is important to training programming and can help balance training and recovery periods. Furthermore, psychological factors can affect athlete's performance. Therefore, the purpose was to examine the relationship between external load and self-reported wellness measures during soccer preseason. Collegiate men soccer athletes (n = 20; mean ± SD age: 20.3 ± 0.9 years; body mass: 77.9 ± 6.8 kg; body height: 178.87 ± 7.18cm; body fat: 10.0 ± 5.0%; V̇o2max: 65.39 ± 7.61ml·kg-1·min-1) participated. Likert scale self-assessments of fatigue, soreness, sleep, stress, and energy were collected daily in conjunction with the Brief Assessment of Mood (vigor, depression, anger, fatigue, and confusion). Total distance (TD), player load (PL), high-speed distance (HSD, >13 mph [5.8 m·s-1]), high inertial movement analysis (IMA, >3.5 m·s-2), and repeated high-intensity efforts (RHIEs) were collected in each training session using positional monitoring (global positioning system/global navigation satellite system [GPS/GNSS]) technology. Session rate of perceived exertion (sRPE) was determined from athlete's post-training rating (Borg CR-10 Scale) and time of training session. Multilevel models revealed the bidirectional prediction of load markers on fatigue, soreness, sleep, energy, and sRPE (p < 0.05). Morning ratings of soreness and fatigue were predicted by previous afternoon's practice measures of TD, PL, HSD, IMA, RHIE, and sRPE. Morning soreness and fatigue negatively predicted that day's afternoon practice TD, PL, HSD, IMA, RHIE, and sRPE. Morning ratings of negative mood were positively predicted by previous day's afternoon practice HSD. In addition, negative morning mood states inversely predicted HSD (p = 0.011), TD (p = 0.002), and PL (p < 0.001) for that day's afternoon practice. Using self-reported wellness measures with GPS/GNSS technology may enhance the understanding of training responses and inform program development.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Físico Humano , Futebol , Adulto , Atletas , Fadiga , Humanos , Masculino , Esforço Físico , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Am Coll Health ; 66(8): 731-738, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29447625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to replicate and extend research on social facilitators of college student's help seeking for psychological problems. PARTICIPANTS: We collected data on 420 ethnically diverse college students at a large public university (September 2008-May 2010). METHODS: Students completed a cross-sectional online survey. RESULTS: We found that students who were aware of close others' (eg, family, friends) help seeking were two times more likely to have sought formal (eg, psychologist) and informal (eg, clergy) help themselves. Tests of moderation revealed the incremental effect (ie, controlling for help-seeking attitudes, internalizing symptoms, cultural demographics) of close others' formal help seeking was strong and significant for men (R2 = 0.112), while it was negligible and nonsignificant for women (R2 = .002). CONCLUSIONS: We discuss the importance for students-particularly men-to learn about close others' help seeking for facilitating their own help seeking during times of distress.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Busca de Ajuda , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Atitude , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Amigos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
4.
Psychol Assess ; 28(5): 471-82, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26348031

RESUMO

A large international sample was used to test whether hedonia (the experience of positive emotional states and satisfaction of desires) and eudaimonia (the presence of meaning and development of one's potentials) represent 1 overarching well-being construct or 2 related dimensions. A latent correlation of .96 presents negligible evidence for the discriminant validity between Diener's (1984) subjective well-being model of hedonia and Ryff's (1989) psychological well-being model of eudaimonia. When compared with known correlates of well-being (e.g., curiosity, gratitude), eudaimonia and hedonia showed very similar relationships, save goal-directed will and ways (i.e., hope), a meaning orientation to happiness, and grit. Identical analyses in subsamples of 7 geographical world regions revealed similar results around the globe. A single overarching construct more accurately reflects hedonia and eudaimonia when measured as self-reported subjective and psychological well-being. Nevertheless, measures of eudaimonia may contain aspects of meaningful goal-directedness unique from hedonia. (PsycINFO Database Record


Assuntos
Felicidade , Satisfação Pessoal , Psicometria/métodos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Pers ; 83(3): 287-98, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24749860

RESUMO

Research on meaning in life has generally focused on global meaning judgments. This study examined how people's daily experiences, represented by events that occur in daily life, influence their perceived sense of meaning on a daily basis. One hundred sixty-two college students completed daily reports for 2 weeks. We examined the relationships among daily social and achievement events, daily positive and negative affect, and daily meaning in life. In addition, we tested the possible moderating influence of depressive symptoms on these relationships. Positive daily social and achievement events were related to greater daily meaning, above and beyond the contributions of daily positive and negative affect. Negative social and achievement events were related to less daily meaning, and negative achievement events covaried with daily meaning above and beyond positive and negative affect. Depression moderated the relationships between positive events and meaning, such that people who reported more depressive symptoms had greater increases in daily meaning in response to positive social and achievement events than individuals who reported fewer symptoms. These findings suggest the important role that daily events may play in fluctuations in people's affective experiences and sense of meaning in life.


Assuntos
Logro , Afeto/fisiologia , Atitude , Vida , Comportamento Social , Adulto , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
6.
Prev Chronic Dis ; 11: E93, 2014 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24901793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Few studies have compared the effects of demographic, cognitive, and behavioral factors of health and mortality longitudinally. We examined predictors of self-rated health and mortality at 3 points, each 2 years apart, over 4 years. METHODS: We used data from the 2006 wave of the Health and Retirement Study and health and mortality indicators from 2006, 2008, and 2010. We analyzed data from 17,930 adults (aged 50-104 y) to examine predictors of self-rated health and data from a subgroup of 1,171 adults who died from 2006 through 2010 to examine predictors of mortality. RESULTS: Time 1 depression was the strongest predictor of self-rated health at all points, independent of age and education. Education, mild activities, body mass index, delayed word recall, and smoking were all associated with self-rated health at each point and predicted mortality. Delayed word recall mediated the relationships of mild activity with health and mortality. Bidirectional mediation was found for the effects of mild activity and depression on health. CONCLUSION: Medical professionals should consider screening for depression and memory difficulties in addition to conducting medical assessments. These assessments could lead to more effective biopsychosocial interventions to help older adults manage risks for mortality.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/mortalidade , Depressão/epidemiologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Autorrelato , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Depressão/complicações , Depressão/etiologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Rememoração Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Psicometria , Aposentadoria/psicologia , Aposentadoria/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
J Ethn Subst Abuse ; 8(2): 178-200, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19459124

RESUMO

Past research on alcohol consumption in minority groups has focused on examining differences in the level of drinking. However, research has yet to fully examine racial differences in the factors that might mediate alcohol consumption. The current study sought to test whether alcohol expectancies mediated the relation of impulsivity on alcohol consumption for an Asian American sample. Participants included 57 Asian American and 70 Caucasian undergraduate students. Results showed that positive alcohol expectancies fully mediated the pathway between dimensions of impulsivity and alcohol use for Asian Americans. For Caucasian participants, only impulsivity predicted alcohol use. Future research on alcohol use and abuse by Asian Americans should consider the role of alcohol expectancies in different social contexts.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Americanos Asiáticos/psicologia , Comportamento Impulsivo/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/etnologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Impulsivo/etnologia , Masculino , Meio Social , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
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