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Mol Pharm ; 17(1): 301-315, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765570


The controversy surrounding the use of diphtheria toxin (DT) as a therapeutic agent against tumor cells arises mainly from its unexpected harmfulness to healthy tissues. We encoded the cytotoxic fragment A of DT (DTA) as an objective gene in the Light-On gene-expression system to construct plasmids pGAVPO (pG) and pU5-DTA (pDTA). Meanwhile, a cRGD-modified ternary complex comprising plasmids, chitosan, and liposome (pG&pDTA@cRGD-CL) was prepared as a nanocarrier to ensure transfection efficiency. Benefiting from spatiotemporal control of this light-switchable transgene system and the superior tumor targeting of the carrier, toxins were designed to be expressed selectively in illuminated lesions. In vitro studies suggested that pG&pDTA@cRGD-CL exerted arrest of the S phase in B16F10 cells upon blue light irradiation and, ultimately, induced the apoptosis and necrosis of tumor cells. Such DTA-based treatment exerted enhanced antitumor activity in mice bearing B16F10 xenografts and displayed prolonged survival time with minimal side effects. Hence, we described novel DTA-based therapy combined with nanotechnology and the Light-On gene-expression system: such treatment could be a promising strategy against melanoma.

Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 9631-9645, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824156


Background: Photothermal therapy (PTT) has great potential in the clinical treatment of tumors. However, most photothermal materials are difficult to apply due to their insufficient photothermal conversion efficiencies (PCEs), poor photostabilities and short circulation times. Furthermore, tumor recurrence is likely to occur using PTT only. In the present study, we prepared cyclo (Arg-Gly-Asp-d-Phe-Cys) [c(RGD)] conjugated doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded Fe3O4@polydopamine (PDA) nanoparticles to develop a multifunctional-targeted nanocomplex for integrated tumor diagnosis and treatment. Materials and methods: Cytotoxicity of Fe3O4@PDA-PEG-cRGD-DOX against HCT-116 cells was determined by cck-8 assay. Cellular uptake was measured by confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Pharmacokinetic performance of DOX was evaluated to compare the differences between free DOX and DOX in nanocarrier. Performance in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and antitumor activity of complex nanoparticles were evaluated in tumor-bearing nude mice. Results: Fe3O4@PDA-PEG-cRGD-DOX has a particle size of 200-300 nm and a zeta potential of 22.7 mV. Further studies in vitro and in vivo demonstrated their excellent capacity to target tumor cells and promote drug internalization, and significantly higher cytotoxicity with respect to that seen in a control group was shown for the nanoparticles. In addition, they have good thermal stability, photothermal conversion efficiencies (PCEs) and pH responsiveness, releasing more DOX in a mildly acidic environment, which is very conducive to their chemotherapeutic effectiveness in the tumor microenvironment. Fe3O4@PDA-PEG-cRGD-DOX NPs were used in a subcutaneous xenograft tumor model of nude mouse HCT-116 cells showed clear signal contrast in T2-weighted images and effective anti-tumor chemo-photothermal therapy under NIR irradiation. Conclusion: According to our results, Fe3O4@PDA-PEG-cRGD-DOX had a satisfactory antitumor effect on colon cancer in nude mice and could be further developed as a potential integrated platform for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer to improve its antitumor activity against colon cancer.