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2.
Int Health ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To help distinguish vaccine-related adverse events following immunization (AEFI) from coincidental occurrences, active vaccine pharmacovigilance (VP) prospective surveillance programs are needed. From February to May 2021, we assessed the system and facility readiness for implementing active AEFI VP surveillance in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: Selected hospitals were assessed using a readiness assessment tool with scoring measures. The site assessment was conducted via in-person interviews within the specific departments in each hospital. We evaluated the system readiness with a desk review of AEFI guidelines, Expanded Program for Immunization Guidelines and Ethiopian Food and Drug Administration and Ethiopian Public Health Institute websites. RESULTS: Of the hospitals in Addis Ababa, 23.1% met the criteria for our site assessment. During the system readiness assessment, we found that essential components were in place. However, rules, regulations and proclamations pertaining to AEFI surveillance were absent. Based on the tool, the three hospitals (A, B and C) scored 60.6% (94/155), 48.3% (75/155) and 40% (62/155), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Only one of three hospitals assessed in our evaluation scored >50% for readiness to implement active AEFI surveillance. We also identified the following areas for improvement to ensure successful implementation: training, making guidelines and reporting forms available and ensuring a system that accommodates paper-based and electronic-based recording systems.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629875

RESUMO

The emerging lead halide perovskites show great potential for their use as emitters in electrically driven light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with external quantum efficiency (EQE) over 25%. While the toxicity of lead and inferior device stability are the main obstacles for their commercialization, replacing Pb2+ with low- or non-toxic metal ions to form low- or zero-dimensional structures provides an alternative approach to effectively tackle these issues. Recently, luminescent lead-free metal halides have been increasingly developed toward eco-friendly and highly efficient electroluminescence. In this feature article, we give a brief overview of recent advances in luminescent lead-free metal halides and their applications in electrically driven LEDs. The challenges and prospects in this field are outlined at the end.

4.
Acta Histochem ; 125(1): 151991, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563468

RESUMO

Placenta accreta is an abnormality of the placenta caused by the chorionic villi invading the muscular layer, which can cause serious bleeding, infection, shock, bladder invasion, uterine perforation, and even death. However, the etiology of placental accreta is not entirely clear. In the present study, high-throughput sequencing results showed that FYN is highly expressed in the placental accreta position in the placenta accreta group and is a key regulator of cell invasion and migration. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the role and potential molecular mechanism of FYN in placenta accreta. The results showed that FYN was highly expressed in the placenta tissues of the placenta accreta group. Furthermore, the levels of phosphorylated STAT3, p38, and JNK in the placenta accreta group were remarkably increased compared with those in the control group. In addition, FYN knockdown considerably decreased the migration and invasion rates of trophoblast cells (HTR8/SVneo) and inhibited the levels of phosphorylated STAT3, p38, and JNK. After subsequently blocking these signaling pathways, the invasion and migration abilities of HTR8/SVneo cells were substantially decreased. In conclusion, FYN may promote excessive trophocyte cell invasion by activating STAT3, p38, and JNK pathways and can be a new target for placenta accreta prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Placenta Acreta , Placenta , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Movimento Celular , Vilosidades Coriônicas/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Placenta/metabolismo , Placenta Acreta/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/metabolismo
5.
Sustain Cities Soc ; 89: 104314, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438675

RESUMO

Human mobility, as a fundamental requirement of everyday life, has been most directly impacted during the COVID-19 pandemic. Existing studies have revealed its ensuing changes. However, its resilience, which is defined as people's ability to resist such impact and maintain their normal mobility, still remains unclear. Such resilience reveals people's response capabilities to the pandemic and quantifying it can help us better understand the interplay between them. Herein, we introduced an integrated framework to quantify the resilience of human mobility to COVID-19 based on its change process. Taking Beijing as a case study, the resilience of different mobility characteristics among different population groups, and under different waves of COVID-19, were compared. Overall, the mobility range and diversity were found to be less resilient than decisions on whether to move. Females consistently exhibited lower resilience than males; middle-aged people exhibited the lowest resilience under the first wave of COVID-19 while older adult's resilience became the lowest during the COVID-19 rebound. With the refinement of pandemic-control measures, human mobility resilience was enhanced. These findings reveal heterogeneities and variations in people's response capabilities to the pandemic, which can help formulate targeted and flexible policies, and thereby promote sustainable and resilient urban management.

6.
Geriatr Nurs ; 49: 157-163, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36543041

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the diagnostic values of SARC-F (strength, assistance with walking, rising from a chair, climbing stairs, and falls), SARC-Calf (SARC-F combined with calf circumference), CC (calf circumference), and the Yubi-wakka (finger-ring) test for screening for sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults. The Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) 2019 criteria were used as a standard reference. A total of 209 participants were enrolled, and 40.7% were identified as sarcopenia. The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC were respectively 54.1%, 70.2%, and 0.687 for SARC-F; 76.5%, 73.4% and 0.832 for SARC-calf, 86.7%, 82.4%, and 0.906 for CC in men, and 85.5%, 63.3%, and 0.877 for CC in women. Relative to the "bigger," a significant association between sarcopenia and the Yubi-wakka test ("just fits" OR: 4.1, 95% CI: 1.57-10.98; "small" OR: 27.5, 95% CI: 10.14-74.55) was observed. The overall accuracy of CC was better than SARC-Calf for sarcopenia screening.


Assuntos
Sarcopenia , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Vida Independente , Perna (Membro) , Caminhada , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 43: 23, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451715

RESUMO

Rapid scale-up of surveillance activities is the key to successful coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic prevention and mitigation. Ethiopia did not have a sufficient number of active surveillance officers for the public health COVID-19 response. Training of surveillance officers was needed urgently to fill the gap in the workforce needed. Subject-matter experts from the United States and Ethiopia developed applicable training modules including background on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), contact investigation, and communications. The training modules were delivered live in real-time via web-based virtual presentation. Seventy-seven health surveillance officers were hired, trained, and deployed in two weeks to assist with surveillance activities in Ethiopia. Electronic capacity building is needed in order to improve Web-based training in resource-limited settings where internet access is limited or unreliable. Web-based synchronously delivered course was an effective platform for COVID-19 surveillance training. However, strengthening public and private information technology capacity, literacy, and internet availability will improve Web-based education platforms in resource-limited countries.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Etiópia , Busca de Comunicante , Pandemias
8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36468632

RESUMO

Photocyclization and photoisomerization of fulgides have been extensively studied experimentally and computationally due to their significant potential applications for example as photoswitches in memory devices. However, the reported excited-state decay mechanisms of fulgides do not include the effects of solvation explicitly to date. Herein, calculations using the high-level MS-CASPT2//CASSCF method were conducted to explore the photoinduced excited-state decay processes of the Eα conformer of a fulgide derivative in toluene with solvent effects treated by implicit PCM and explicit QM/MM models, respectively. Several minima and conical intersections were optimized successfully in and between the S0 and S1 states; then, two nonadiabatic excited-state decay channels that could efficiently drive the system to the ground state were proposed based on the excited-state ring-closure and isomerization paths. In addition, we also found that in the ring-closure path, the potential energy surface is essentially barrierless before approaching the conical intersection, while it needs to overcome a small energy barrier along the E → Z photoisomerization path for the nonadiabatic S1 → S0 internal conversion process. The present computational results could provide useful mechanistic insights into the photoinduced cyclization and isomerization reactions of fulgide and its derivatives.

9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 991948, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36568168

RESUMO

Objectives: To develop and validate a nomogram to predict the overall survival (OS) of patients with primary nodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(N-DLBCL) based on radiomic features and clinical features. Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 145 patients confirmed with N-DLBCL and they were randomly assigned to training set(n=78), internal validation set(n=33), external validation set(n=34). First, a clinical model (model 1) was established according to clinical features and ultrasound (US) results. Then, based on the radiomics features extracted from conventional ultrasound images, a radiomic signature was constructed (model 2), and the radiomics score (Rad-Score) was calculated. Finally, a comprehensive model was established (model 3) combined with Rad-score and clinical features. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were employed to evaluate the performance of model 1, model 2 and model 3. Based on model 3, we plotted a nomogram. Calibration curves were used to test the effectiveness of the nomogram, and decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to asset the nomogram in clinical use. Results: According to multivariate analysis, 3 clinical features and Rad-score were finally selected to construct the model 3, which showed better predictive value for OS in patients with N-DLBCL than mode 1 and model 2 in training (AUC,0. 891 vs. 0.779 vs.0.756), internal validation (AUC, 0.868 vs. 0.713, vs.0.756) and external validation (AUC, 914 vs. 0.866, vs.0.789) sets. Decision curve analysis demonstrated that the nomogram based on model 3 was more clinically useful than the other two models. Conclusion: The developed nomogram is a useful tool for precisely analyzing the prognosis of N-DLBCL patients, which could help clinicians in making personalized survival predictions and assessing individualized clinical options.

10.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 11(12)2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36551383

RESUMO

Abattoir workers have been identified as high-risk for livestock-associated Staphylococcus aureus carriage. This study investigated S. aureus carriage in abattoir workers in Western Kenya. Nasal swabs were collected once from participants between February-November 2012. S. aureus was isolated using bacterial culture and antibiotic susceptibility testing performed using the VITEK 2 instrument and disc diffusion methods. Isolates underwent whole genome sequencing and Multi Locus Sequence Types were derived from these data. S. aureus (n = 126) was isolated from 118/737 (16.0%) participants. Carriage was higher in HIV-positive (24/89, 27.0%) than HIV-negative participants (94/648, 14.5%; p = 0.003). There were 23 sequence types (STs) identified, and half of the isolates were ST152 (34.1%) or ST8 (15.1%). Many isolates carried the Panton-Valentine leucocidin toxin gene (42.9%). Only three isolates were methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) (3/126, 2.4%) and the prevalence of MRSA carriage was 0.4% (3/737). All MRSA were ST88. Isolates from HIV-positive participants (37.0%) were more frequently resistant to sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim compared to isolates from HIV-negative participants (6.1%; p < 0.001). Similarly, trimethoprim resistance genes were more frequently detected in isolates from HIV-positive (81.5%) compared to HIV-negative participants (60.6%; p = 0.044). S. aureus in abattoir workers were representative of major sequence types in Africa, with a high proportion being toxigenic isolates. HIV-positive individuals were more frequently colonized by antimicrobial resistant S. aureus which may be explained by prophylactic antimicrobial use.

11.
J Adv Res ; 2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526145

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary fibrosis is a major cause of the poor prognosis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). While mechanical ventilation (MV) is an indispensable life-saving intervention for ARDS, it may cause the remodeling process in lung epithelial cells to become disorganized and exacerbate ARDS-associated pulmonary fibrosis. Piezo1 is a mechanosensitive ion channel that is known to play a role in regulating diverse physiological processes, but whether Piezo1 is necessary for MV-exacerbated ARDS-associated pulmonary fibrosis remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the role of Piezo1 in MV-exacerbated ARDS-associated pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: Human lung epithelial cells were stimulated with hydrochloric acid (HCl) followed by mechanical stretch for 48 h. A two-hitmodel of MV afteracidaspiration-inducedlunginjuryin mice was used. Mice were sacrificed after 14 days of MV. Pharmacological inhibition and knockout of Piezo1 were used to delineate the role of Piezo1 in MV-exacerbated ARDS-associated pulmonary fibrosis. In some experiments, ATP or the ATP-hydrolyzing enzyme apyrase was administered. RESULTS: The stimulation of human lung epithelial cells to HCl resulted in phenotypes of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which were enhanced by mechanical stretching. MV exacerbated pulmonary fibrosis in mice exposed to HCl. Pharmacologicalinhibitionorknockout of Piezo1 attenuated the MV-exacerbated EMT process and lung fibrosis in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, the observed effects were mediated by Piezo1-dependent Ca2+ influx and ATP release in lung epithelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings identify a key role for Piezo1 in MV-exacerbated ARDS-associated pulmonary fibrosis that is mediated by increased ATP release in lung epithelial cells. Inhibiting Piezo1 may constitute a novelstrategyfor the treatment of MV-exacerbated ARDS-associated pulmonary fibrosis.

13.
Nutrients ; 14(24)2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36558459

RESUMO

Dietary pattern (DP) results in nutrition adequacy and may influence cognitive decline and cortical atrophy in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The study explored DP in 248 patients with AD. Two neurobehavioral assessments (intervals 13.4 months) and two cortical thickness measurements derived from magnetic resonance images (intervals 26.5 months) were collected as outcome measures. Reduced rank regression was used to assess the groups of DPs and a linear mixed-effect model to explore the cortical neurodegenerative patterns. At screening, underweight body mass index (BMI) was related to significant higher lipid profile, impaired cognitive function, smaller cortical thickness, lower protein DP factor loading scores and the non-spouse caregiver status. Higher mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores were related to the DP of coffee/tea, compared to the lipid/sugar or protein DP group. The underweighted-BMI group had faster cortical thickness atrophy in the pregenual and lateral temporal cortex, while the correlations between cortical thickness degeneration and high HbA1C or low B12 and folate levels were localized in the medial and lateral prefrontal cortex. The predictive model suggested that factors related to MMSE score were related to the caregiver status. In conclusion, normal or overweight BMI, coffee/tea DP group and living with a spouse were considered as protective factors for better cognitive outcomes in patients with AD. The influence of glucose, B12 and folate on the cortical degeneration was spatially distinct from the pattern of AD degeneration.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Café , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Ácido Fólico , Dieta , Atrofia , Lipídeos , Chá
14.
Pathogens ; 11(12)2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36558838

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen associated with hospital, community, and livestock-acquired infections, with the ability to develop resistance to antibiotics. Nasal carriage by hospital inpatients is a risk for opportunistic infections. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns, virulence genes and genetic population structure of S. aureus nasal isolates, from inpatients at Busia County Referral Hospital (BCRH) were analyzed. A total of 263 inpatients were randomly sampled, from May to July 2015. The majority of inpatients (85.9%) were treated empirically with antimicrobials, including ceftriaxone (65.8%) and metronidazole (49.8%). Thirty S. aureus isolates were cultured from 29 inpatients with a prevalence of 11% (10.3% methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA), 0.8% methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA)). Phenotypic and genotypic resistance was highest to penicillin-G (96.8%), trimethoprim (73.3%), and tetracycline (13.3%) with 20% of isolates classified as multidrug resistant. Virulence genes, Panton-Valentine leukocidin (pvl), toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (tsst-1), and sasX gene were detected in 16.7%, 23.3% and 3.3% of isolates. Phylogenetic analysis showed 4 predominant clonal complexes CC152, CC8, CC80, and CC508. This study has identified that inpatients of BCRH were carriers of S. aureus harbouring virulence genes and resistance to a range of antibiotics. This may indicate a public health risk to other patients and the community.

15.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 1007924, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36531961

RESUMO

Serum- and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 3 (SGK3), which is ubiquitously expressed in mammals, is regulated by estrogens and androgens. SGK3 is activated by insulin and growth factors through signaling pathways involving phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK-1), and mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2). Activated SGK3 can activate ion channels (TRPV5/6, SOC, Kv1.3, Kv1.5, Kv7.1, BKCa, Kir2.1, Kir2.2, ENaC, Nav1.5, ClC-2, and ClC Ka), carriers and receptors (Npt2a, Npt2b, NHE3, GluR1, GluR6, SN1, EAAT1, EAAT2, EAAT4, EAAT5, SGLT1, SLC1A5, SLC6A19, SLC6A8, and NaDC1), and Na+/K+-ATPase, promoting the transportation of calcium, phosphorus, sodium, glucose, and neutral amino acids in the kidney and intestine, the absorption of potassium and neutral amino acids in the renal tubules, the transportation of glutamate and glutamine in the nervous system, and the transportation of creatine. SGK3-sensitive transporters contribute to a variety of physiological and pathophysiological processes, such as maintaining calcium and phosphorus homeostasis, hydro-salinity balance and acid-base balance, cell proliferation, muscle action potential, cardiac and neural electrophysiological disturbances, bone density, intestinal nutrition absorption, immune function, and multiple substance metabolism. These processes are related to kidney stones, hypophosphorous rickets, multiple syndromes, arrhythmia, hypertension, heart failure, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, glaucoma, ataxia idiopathic deafness, and other diseases.

16.
Genes Brain Behav ; 2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36514817

RESUMO

Reading disability exhibited defects in different cognitive domains, including word reading fluency, word reading accuracy, phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming and morphological awareness. To identify the genetic basis of Chinese reading disability, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of the cognitive traits related to Chinese reading disability in 2284 unrelated Chinese children. Among the traits analyzed in the present GWAS, we detected one genome-wide significant association (p < 5 × 10-8 ) on word reading fluency for one SNP on 4p16.2, within EVC genes (rs6446395, p = 7.33 × 10-10 ). Rs6446395 also showed significant association with Chinese character reading accuracy (p = 2.95 × 10-4 ), phonological awareness (p = 7.11 × 10-3 ) and rapid automatized naming (p = 4.71 × 10-3 ), implying multiple effects of this variant. The eQTL data showed that rs6446395 affected EVC expression in the cerebellum. Gene-based analyses identified a gene (PRDM10) to be associated with word reading fluency at the genome-wide level. Our study discovered a new candidate susceptibility variant for reading ability and provided new insights into the genetics of developmental dyslexia in Chinese children.

17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(12): 1413-20, 2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36484196

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the key outcome indexes in treatment of migraine with acupuncture and moxibustion. METHODS: Using literature research, questionnaire survey and consensus conference, the key outcome indexes in treatment of migraine with acupuncture and moxibustion were screened and prioritized. RESULTS: The critical outcome indexes for the treatment in attack stage of migraine included 6 effectiveness outcome indexes (headache intensity, headache duration, headache relieve time, effectiveness and level of headache relief within 2 h, headache-related quality of life, level of headache relief within 24 h) and 1 safety outcome index (incidence of serious adverse reactions). The critical outcome indexes for prophylactic treatment included 6 effectiveness outcome indexes (headache day, headache frequency, headache intensity, effective rate, headache-related quality of life, health-related quality of life) and 1 safety outcome index (incidence of serious adverse reactions). CONCLUSION: In terms of the attack stage treatment and prophylactic treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion, the outcome indexes are different, among which, those can directly reflect the conditions of migraine should be optioned in priority. To assess the effectiveness of attack stage, the headache intensity is preferred, using the visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and the preferred time is 2 hours after treatment. Regarding the effectiveness of prophylactic treatment, the headache day, headache frequency and headache intensity should be firstly considered in the assessment, in which, the preferred time for assessment is 12 weeks into treatment, while, the best time for follow-up should be 12 weeks after treatment completion. When the quality of life is considered, the migraine-specific quality of life questionnaire (MSQ) is the top option. For either the attack stage treatment or the prophylactic treatment, the high attention should be laid on the outcome indexes for safety and medical economics evaluation.


Assuntos
Cefaleia , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Cefaleia/terapia
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498962

RESUMO

The amyloid framework forms the central medical theory related to Alzheimer disease (AD), and the in vivo demonstration of amyloid positivity is essential for diagnosing AD. On the basis of a longitudinal cohort design, the study investigated clinical progressive patterns by obtaining cognitive and structural measurements from a group of patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI); the measurements were classified by the positivity (Aß+) or absence (Aß-) of the amyloid biomarker. We enrolled 185 patients (64 controls, 121 patients with MCI). The patients with MCI were classified into two groups on the basis of their [18F]flubetaben or [18F]florbetapir amyloid positron-emission tomography scan (Aß+ vs. Aß-, 67 vs. 54 patients) results. Data from annual cognitive measurements and three-dimensional T1 magnetic resonance imaging scans were used for between-group comparisons. To obtain longitudinal cognitive test scores, generalized estimating equations were applied. A linear mixed effects model was used to compare the time effect of cortical thickness degeneration. The cognitive decline trajectory of the Aß+ group was obvious, whereas the Aß- and control groups did not exhibit a noticeable decline over time. The group effects of cortical thickness indicated decreased entorhinal cortex in the Aß+ group and supramarginal gyrus in the Aß- group. The topology of neurodegeneration in the Aß- group was emphasized in posterior cortical regions. A comparison of the changes in the Aß+ and Aß- groups over time revealed a higher rate of cortical thickness decline in the Aß+ group than in the Aß- group in the default mode network. The Aß+ and Aß- groups experienced different APOE ε4 effects. For cortical-cognitive correlations, the regions associated with cognitive decline in the Aß+ group were mainly localized in the perisylvian and anterior cingulate regions. By contrast, the degenerative topography of Aß- MCI was scattered. The memory learning curves, cognitive decline patterns, and cortical degeneration topographies of the two MCI groups were revealed to be different, suggesting a difference in pathophysiology. Longitudinal analysis may help to differentiate between these two MCI groups if biomarker access is unavailable in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Amiloide , Cognição , Córtex Entorrinal/metabolismo , Proteínas Amiloidogênicas , Biomarcadores
19.
Foods ; 11(24)2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36553735

RESUMO

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are covalent changes occurring on amino acid side chains of proteins and yet are neglected structural and functional aspects of protein architecture. The objective was to detect differences in PTM profiles that take place after roasting using open PTM search. We conducted a bottom-up proteomic study to investigate the impact of peanut roasting on readily soluble allergens and their PTM profiles. Proteomic PTM profiling of certain modifications was confirmed by Western blotting with a series of PTM-specific antibodies. In addition to inducing protein aggregation and denaturation, roasting may facilitate change in their PTM pattern and relative profiling. We have shown that Ara h 1 is the most modified major allergen in both samples in terms of modification versatility and extent. The most frequent PTM was methionine oxidation, especially in roasted samples. PTMs uniquely found in roasted samples were hydroxylation (Trp), formylation (Arg/Lys), and oxidation or hydroxylation (Asn). Raw and roasted peanut extracts did not differ in the binding of IgE from the serum of peanut-sensitised individuals done by ELISA. This study provides a better understanding of how roasting impacts the PTM profile of major peanut allergens and provides a good foundation for further exploration of PTMs.

20.
JBI Evid Implement ; 20(4): 313-325, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to promote for the family caregivers of stroke patients the resilience evidence translation care model in the community. INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the main cause of disability among many patients with chronic diseases. Resilience helps family caregivers facing the consequences of adversity and stress to have a positive outcome. METHODS: The study utilized clinical audit strategies under the JBI Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System module. Three audit criteria for the caregivers of stroke patients were considered. A preimplementation audit was conducted with eight nurses and 30 caregivers to measure compliance between current practice and best practice. From that audit we identified barriers and facilitators to practice change by undertaking a Getting Research into Practice analysis. A postimplementation audit was conducted using the same number of samples at 8 weeks for the caregivers to evaluation, and the outcomes using follow-up audit. RESULTS: The three criteria showed an improvement: nurses who received education about resilience care protocols, criterion 1 from 0 to 100%, criterion 2 from 0 to 100%, criterion 3 from 0 to 90%. The results showed that the average resilience of caregivers increased from 17.47 (SD ±â€Š1.94) to 18.33 (SD ±â€Š1.54). The resilience scale of pretest and posttest scores were significantly improved ( P  ≤ 0.001). CONCLUSION: The implementation of best practice for enhancing resilience of the family caregivers of stroke patients on the resilience evidence translation care model: a best practice implementation project in community settings is possible. The results indicate that evidence-based practice is an effective method for enhancing the resilience of family caregivers. The strategies contributed to the success of this project, such as scenario simulation education, Objective Structured Clinical Examination, regular weekly audits, and collaboration with project leaders when carrying out caregiver case discussion during clinical practice.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Auditoria Clínica
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