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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130726, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352698

RESUMO

The impact of different complexes on the properties of ß-carotene-loaded emulsions was investigated by measuring the droplet size, encapsulation efficiency, droplet morphology, and physical stability. The photo and thermal stability of ß-carotene and its bioaccessibility during digestion were also analyzed. Comparing to the emulsions stabilized by other complexes, the emulsion stabilized by the high methoxyl pectin-rhamnolipid-pea protein isolate-curcumin (HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur) complex had the smallest droplet size (17.53 ± 0.15 µm) and the maximum encapsulation efficiency for curcumin (90.33 ± 0.03 %) and ß-carotene (92.16 ± 0.01 %). The emulsion stabilized by the HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur complex exhibited better physical stability against creaming. The retention rate of ß-carotene in the HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur complex-stabilized emulsion was 17.75 ± 0.02 and 33.64 ± 0.02 % after UV irradiation and thermal treatment. The HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur complex-stabilized emulsion also had a higher level of free fatty acid released (43.67 %) and higher bioaccessibility of ß-carotene (32.35 ± 0.02 %).


Assuntos
Curcumina , Proteínas de Ervilha , Carotenoides , Emulsões , Tamanho da Partícula , Pectinas , Tensoativos , beta Caroteno
2.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 5687-5697, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754215

RESUMO

Purpose: The role of NLRP3 inflammasome in the progression of many diseases has been increasingly recognized. However, the function of this molecular assembly in the development and progression of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma remains unclear. Patients and Methods: In this study, we investigated the polymorphisms in the NLRP3 inflammasome associated genes in 281 patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and 385 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Results: We found that IL-18 (rs1946518) and NFκB-94 ins/del (rs28362491) contributed to susceptibility to B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Specifically, the allele "G" in IL-18 (rs1946518) and allele "ins" in NFκB-94 ins/del (rs28362491) were significantly associated with the risk of disease. The AA genotype of CARD8 (rs2043211) and the higher level of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) led to statistically poorer B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma survival. Less frequent genotype TT of CARD8 (rs2043211) was observed in patients with higher LDH level, clinical stages III-IV of disease, and IPI 3-5, although the relationship did not reach statistical significance. However, IPI is an independent prognostic factor for B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Conclusion: IL-18 (rs1946518) and NFκB-94 ins/del (rs28362491) gene polymorphisms appear to be the factors influencing the risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. CARD8 (rs2043211) polymorphisms are important factors for the survival of patients with this disease.

3.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 603, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to critically evaluate the Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) for masticatory function in adults. METHODS: Five electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL Plus and APA PsycINFO) were searched up to March 2021. Studies reporting development or validation of PROMs for masticatory function on adults were identified. Methodological quality of the included studies was evaluated using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) risk of bias checklist. Psychometric properties of the PROM in each included study were rated against the criteria for good measurement properties based on the COSMIN guideline. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies investigating 19 PROMs were included. Methodological qualities of these studies were diverse. Four types of PROMs were identified: questions using food items to assess masticatory function (13 PROMs), questions on chewing problems (3 PROMs), questions using both food items and chewing problems (2 PROMs) and a global question (1 PROM). Only a few of these PROMs, namely chewing function questionnaire-Chinese, Croatian or Albanian, food intake questionnaire-Japanese, new food intake questionnaire-Japanese, screening for masticatory disorders in older adults and perceived difficulty of chewing-Tanzania demonstrated high or moderate level of evidence in several psychometric properties. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, there is no PROM for masticatory function in adults with high-level evidence for all psychometric properties. There are variations in the psychometric properties among the different reported PROMs. Trial Registration PROSPERO (CRD42020171591).

4.
Cells ; 10(11)2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34831298

RESUMO

Reversible phosphorylation has emerged as an important mechanism for regulating proteasome function in various physiological processes. Essentially all proteasome phosphorylations characterized thus far occur on proteasome holoenzyme or subcomplexes to regulate substrate degradation. Here, we report a highly conserved phosphorylation that only exists on the unassembled α5 subunit of the proteasome. The modified residue, α5-Ser16, is within a SP motif typically recognized by cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). Using a phospho-specific antibody generated against this site, we found that α5-S16 phosphorylation is mitosis-specific in both yeast and mammalian cells. Blocking this site with a S16A mutation caused growth defect and G2/M arrest of the cell cycle. α5-S16 phosphorylation depends on CDK1 activity and is highly abundant in some but not all mitotic cells. Immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry (IP-MS) studies identified numerous proteins that could interact with phosphorylated α5, including PLK1, a key regulator of mitosis. α5-PLK1 interaction increased upon mitosis and could be facilitated by S16 phosphorylation. CDK1 activation downstream of PLK1 activity was delayed in S16A mutant cells, suggesting an important role of α5-S16 phosphorylation in regulating PLK1 and mitosis. These data have revealed an unappreciated function of "exo-proteasome" phosphorylation of a proteasome subunit and may bring new insights to our understanding of cell cycle control.

5.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus (DM) are both severe chronic diseases that cause huge burdens on patients' families and societies. Connections between the two diseases have brought high attention recently, however, population-based study with large sample size was few. The study aimed to explore the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis and DM. METHODS: We enrolled 3908 adults aged 40-74 years from communities and measured their cardio-metabolic profiles and scanned their carotid arteries bilaterally. RESULTS: The overall prevalence rates of carotid plaque and DM were 34.4 and 10.7%, respectively. The age-specific prevalence rates of DM and carotid plaque were nearly linearly correlated in both sexes (both Pearson's correlation coefficient r > 0.97). The prevalence rates of carotid plaque, total plaque number ≥3, maximum diameter stenosis ≥30%, and plaque score ≥3 were 53.6, 24.8, 19.1, and 28.6%, respectively, in DM patients and were 32.1, 9.4, 9.8, and 11.2%, respectively, in non-DM controls. After adjustment for other conventional risk factors, the multivariable-adjusted OR of having carotid plaque was 1.60 (95% CI 1.27-2.01) and were 2.06 (95% CI 1.55-2.75), 1.33 (95% CI 0.99-1.78), and 2.03 (95% CI 1.55-2.65) for total plaque number ≥3, maximum diameter stenosis ≥30%, and plaque score ≥3, respectively. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that prevalences of DM were linearly correlated with prevalences of carotid plaque and DM patients had higher prevalence rates of carotid plaque and more advanced carotid atherosclerosis than non-DM controls. Our results indicated the need to address the role of DM in atherosclerosis development.

6.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 305, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686659

RESUMO

ABATRACT: Obesity is known to be associated with adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance. Importantly, in obesity, the accumulation of proinflammatory macrophages in adipose tissue correlates with insulin resistance. We hypothesized that the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and associated ligands are involved in adipose tissue insulin resistance, and that the activation of the AGE-RAGE axis plays an important role in obesity-associated inflammation. C57BL/6J mice (WT) and RAGE deficient (RAGE-/-) mice were fed a high fat diet (HFD) and subjected to glucose and insulin tolerance tests. Epdidymal adipose tissue (eAT) was collected and adipose stromal vascular cells isolated using flow cytometry. Visceral adipose tissue macrophage polarization was assessed by quantitative real time PCR. Immunoblotting was performed to evaluate the insulin signaling in adipose tissues. In additional studies, cell trafficking was assessed by injecting labeled blood monocytes into recipient mice. RAGE-/- mice displayed improved insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance, accompanied by decreased body weight and eAT mass. Exogenous methylglyoxal (MGO) impaired insulin-stimulated AKT signaling in adipose tissues from WT mice fed a normal chow diet, but not in RAGE-/- mice. In contrast, in obese mice, treatment with MGO did not reduce insulin-induced phosphorylation of AKT in WT-HFD mice. Moreover, insulin-induced AKT phosphorylation was found to be impaired in adipose tissue from RAGE-/--HFD mice. RAGE-/- mice displayed improved inflammatory profiles and evidence for increased adipose tissue browning. This observation is consistent with the finding of reduced plasma levels of FFA, glycerol, IL-6, and leptin in RAGE-/- mice compared to WT mice. Collectively the data demonstrate that RAGE-mediated adipose tissue inflammation and insulin-signaling are potentially important mechanisms that contribute to the development of obesity-associated insulin resistance.

7.
Mol Cell ; 81(20): 4191-4208.e8, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686314

RESUMO

To survive, mammalian cells must adapt to environmental challenges. While the cellular response to mild stress has been widely studied, how cells respond to severe stress remains unclear. We show here that under severe hyperosmotic stress, cells enter a transient hibernation-like state in anticipation of recovery. We demonstrate this adaptive pausing response (APR) is a coordinated cellular response that limits ATP supply and consumption through mitochondrial fragmentation and widespread pausing of mRNA translation. This pausing is accomplished by ribosome stalling at translation initiation codons, which keeps mRNAs poised to resume translation upon recovery. We further show that recovery from severe stress involves ISR (integrated stress response) signaling that permits cell cycle progression, resumption of growth, and reversal of mitochondria fragmentation. Our findings indicate that cells can respond to severe stress via a hibernation-like mechanism that preserves vital elements of cellular function under harsh environmental conditions.

8.
World J Diabetes ; 12(8): 1292-1303, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In addition to insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion has recently been identified as a crucial factor in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Scarce clinical data exist for pediatric T2DM. AIM: To investigate the association of ß-cell function and insulin resistance with pediatric T2DM in the first Chinese multicenter study. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study included 161 newly diagnosed T2DM children and adolescents between January 2017 and October 2019. Children with normal glycemic levels (n = 1935) were included as healthy control subjects. The homeostasis models (HOMAs) were used to assess the ß-cell function (HOMA2-%B) and insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR) levels. The HOMA index was standardized by sex and age. We performed logistic regression analysis to obtain odds ratios (ORs) for T2DM risk using the standardized HOMA index, adjusted for confounding factors including sex, Tanner stage, T2DM family history, body mass index z-score, and lipid profile. RESULTS: The male-female ratio of newly diagnosed T2DM patients was 1.37:1 (OR = 2.20, P = 0.011), and the mean ages of onset for boys and girls were 12.5 ± 1.9 years and 12.3 ± 1.7 years, respectively. The prevalence of related comorbidities including obesity, elevated blood pressure, and dyslipidemia was 58.2%, 53.2%, and 80.0%, respectively. The T2DM group had lower HOMA2-%B levels (P < 0.001) and higher HOMA2-IR levels (P < 0.001) than the control group. Both the decrease in HOMA2-%B z-score (OR = 8.40, 95%CI: 6.40-11.02, P < 0.001) and the increase in HOMA2-IR z-score (OR = 1.79, 95%CI: 1.60-2.02, P < 0.001) were associated with a higher risk of T2DM, and the decrease in HOMA2-%B z-score always had higher ORs than the increase in HOMA2-IR z-score after adjusting for confounding factors. CONCLUSION: Besides insulin resistance, ß-cell function impairment is also strongly associated with Chinese pediatric T2DM. Gender difference in susceptibility and high comorbidities warrant specific T2DM screening and prevention strategies in Chinese children.

9.
J Psychiatr Res ; 143: 451-461, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482986

RESUMO

Tourette's syndrome (TS) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by high comorbidity. Treatment with psychotherapy is highly recommended, however, there exists limited available evidence on the use and the optimal psychotherapeutic outcome is debatable. We performed a systematic search on several bibliographic databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting the use of psychotherapy treatment in TS patients, from inception to August 1st, 2020, and without language restrictions. Outcome measures were measured by the Yale global tic severity scale (YGTSS) to determine the efficacy of psychotherapy. Data were pooled as Standard mean difference (SMD) in the Bayesian analysis of the random effect model. A total of 17 RCTs with 9 treatments and 1042 participants were included from an initial 4901 records. The primary outcome including, Comprehensive behavioral intervention (CBIT) [SMD = -1.43, 95%Credible interval (CrI): -2.39, -0.44], Exposure with response prevention (ERP) [SMD = -1.37, 95%CrI: -2.62, -0.13], Habit reversal therapy (HRT) [SMD = -0.93, 95%CrI: 1.83, -0.05], and Behavior therapy (BT) [SMD = -0.85, 95%CrI: 1.51, -0.18], were found to be significantly lower in the TS group compared with the control group (including wait-list, treatment-as-usual or other named control group). Based on the Surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA), CBIT (SUCRA value = 86.97%, 95%CrI: 44%, 100%) was found to be a suitable psychotherapeutic treatment for TS patients. High-quality RCTs on psychotherapy are needed to perform for establishing the foundation of the generation of evidence-based guidelines.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Tourette , Terapia Comportamental , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Psicoterapia , Síndrome de Tourette/terapia
10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(16): 20661-20683, 2021 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446611

RESUMO

A considerable amount of literature has demonstrated that eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1A (eEF1A) is closely related to tumors. As a newly identified lysine specific methyltransferase targeting eEF1A at Lys-165, too little attention has been paid to the function of METTL21B. To determine the potential significance and prognostic value of METTL21B in low grade glioma (LGG), we analyzed the expression, methylation level and copy number variations (CNV) of METTL21B and its effect on prognosis in patients with LGG by 4 public databases in conjunction with experimental examination of LGG patient samples. As a result, we found that high expression, hypomethylation and gain/amplification of CNV of METTL21B were associated with poor prognosis in LGG. The potential functions of METTL21B in LGG may be involved in cell adhesion, angiogenesis and cell proliferation of tumor by enrichment analysis. In addition, METTL21B may facilitate immune evasion of tumor and affect prognosis by mediating macrophage polarization from M1 to M2 and regulating expression of immune checkpoints. Nevertheless, patients with high METTL21B level are likely to have better response to immune checkpoints blockage therapy. Because of its substrate specificity, METTL21B is expected to be a promising target for the treatment of glioma.

11.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 641138, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349677

RESUMO

Background: The outbreak of severe respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) has led to long periods of social isolation for individuals across the world. Although medical students generally have a high prevalence of mental health problems, they have received less attention than other groups concerning the impact of SARS-COV-2. Therefore, the present study investigated the mental health status, risk factors, and protective factors for mental health problems in medical students in North China during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic. Methods: A WeChat-based survey, which included the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 and measures of social demographics, was performed twice. Risk and protective factors were identified by binary logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 702 effective questionnaires were collected in two separate surveys. In total, 24.55% of medical students were suffering anxiety to different degrees of severity, 13.18% were suffering depression in the first survey, and 3.71% wanted to give up working in primary medical care during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic in the second survey. In contrast, during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic, a risk factor for anxiety and depression was gender which is male, while being knowledgeable about the SARS-COV-2 pandemic and having a lower academic burden were both protective factors. Conclusions: Measures are required to prevent increases in mental health problems in medical students. Our findings suggest that increasing knowledge about the SARS-COV-2 pandemic and reducing academic burden in medical students is extremely important during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic.

12.
J Pers Med ; 11(8)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34442431

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to determine whether a deep-learning-based assessment system could facilitate preoperative grading of meningioma. This was a retrospective study conducted at two institutions covering 643 patients. The system, designed with a cascade network structure, was developed using deep-learning technology for automatic tumor detection, visual assessment, and grading prediction. Specifically, a modified U-Net convolutional neural network was first established to segment tumor images. Subsequently, the segmentations were introduced into rendering algorithms for spatial reconstruction and another DenseNet convolutional neural network for grading prediction. The trained models were integrated as a system, and the robustness was tested based on its performance on an external dataset from the second institution involving different magnetic resonance imaging platforms. The results showed that the segment model represented a noteworthy performance with dice coefficients of 0.920 ± 0.009 in the validation group. With accurate segmented tumor images, the rendering model delicately reconstructed the tumor body and clearly displayed the important intracranial vessels. The DenseNet model also achieved high accuracy with an area under the curve of 0.918 ± 0.006 and accuracy of 0.901 ± 0.039 when classifying tumors into low-grade and high-grade meningiomas. Moreover, the system exhibited good performance on the external validation dataset.

13.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 466, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The results of a previous study verified that umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) have good therapeutic effects for the treatment of HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and liver cirrhosis (LC). Nevertheless, it is still unknown whether the effects of UCMSCs are affected by recipient age. METHODS: Patients treated with UCMSCs who met the criteria of HBV-related ACLF and liver cirrhosis were identified in this retrospective observational study. Patients were divided into subgroups according to the World Health Organization (WHO) age criteria (< 45 vs. ≥ 45 years). Group A included young ACLF patients (< 45 y), and group B included older ACLF patients (≥ 45 y). Young LC patients (< 45 y) were assigned to group C, and group D included older LC patients (≥ 45 y). Patients' clinical characteristics, demographics, biochemical factors, and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scores were compared for 24 weeks. RESULTS: Sixty-four ACLF patients and 59 LC patients were enrolled in this study. Compared with patients in groups B and C, patients in group A did not show significant superiority in terms of the levels of ALT, AST, TBIL, AFP, and PTA and MELD scores. However, the median decrease and cumulative decrease in the TBIL and ALT levels of patients in group C were larger than those of patients in group D after four weeks of UCMSC transfusions. For older patients (≥ 45 y), the cumulative decrease and the median decrease in the TBIL of ACLF patients were significantly greater than those of LC patients after UCMSC treatment. However, the median decrease in ALT levels of ACLF patients was significantly greater than that of LC patients during UCMSC treatment, and the cumulative decrease in ALT levels of ACLF patients was significantly greater than that of LC patients at all time points. CONCLUSION: The therapeutic effects of UCMSCs for HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure and liver cirrhosis varied partly by patient age. Assessing patient age is necessary prior to UCMSC clinical use.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Doença Hepática Terminal , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/terapia , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Cordão Umbilical
14.
J Int Med Res ; 49(7): 3000605211029461, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and potential mechanism of action of shikonin (SHK) on the development of ovarian follicles and female germline stem cells (FGSCs). METHODS: Female Kunming adult mice were administered SHK (0, 20 and 50 mg/kg) by oral gavage. Cultures of FGSCs were treated with SHK 32 µmol/l for 24 h. The ovarian index in mouse ovaries was calculated. Numbers of primordial, primary and atretic follicles were counted. Germline stem cell markers and apoptosis were examined. Levels of glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were measured. RESULTS: Both doses of SHK significantly decreased the ovarian index, the numbers of primordial follicles, primary follicles and antral follicles in mice. SHK significantly increased the numbers of atretic follicles and atretic corpora lutea. SHK promoted apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. SHK significantly decreased the levels of the germline stem cell markers. SHK significantly lowered GSH levels and the activity of SOD in the peripheral blood from mice, whereas SHK significantly elevated cellular ROS content in FGSCs. CONCLUSIONS: These current results suggested that follicular development and FGSCs were suppressed by SHK through the induction of apoptosis and oxidative stress might be involved in this pathological process.


Assuntos
Naftoquinonas , Células-Tronco de Oogônios , Animais , Apoptose , Feminino , Camundongos , Folículo Ovariano
15.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(7): 3215-3222, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212647

RESUMO

In the present study, the spatio-temporal distribution characteristics of heavy metals (Cd, Hg, As, Pb, Cr, Cu, Ni, and Zn) in soil around 19 centralized drinking water sources in Wuhan were investigated. Single-factor and comprehensive pollution indexes were used to determine soil pollution levels. The potential ecological hazard index was employed to evaluate soil potential ecological risks. The correlation and cluster analysis were conducted to identify pollution sources. The results showed that higher concentrations of heavy metals were present in soil from centralized drinking water source located in core area than suburb area of Wuhan. The concentrations of heavy metals in soil from centralized drinking water sources near the Yangtze River were higher than that in the sites near the tributaries of the Yangtze River. The average single potential ecological risk index of Hg, As, Pb, Cr, Cu, Ni, and Zn were lower than 40, which suggests a slight potential ecological risk. The average single potential ecological risk index of Cd was 80-160, which indicates a high potential ecological risk. The average comprehensive potential ecological risk index of heavy metals in soil around centralized drinking water sources in Wuhan was 142.12, which corresponded to a slight potential ecological risk. The correlation analysis showed that the sources of Cu, Pb, and Cr were similar and came from transport. The sources of Ni, As, Cr, and Cu were similar and could be attributed to metallurgical industries. The sources of Zn, Hg, and Cr were similar and could be related to antiseptic and catalytic industries. The long-term monitoring of Wuhan Dijiao and Baishazhou waterworks indicated that the concentrations of heavy metals around centralized drinking water sources in Wuhan were markedly decreased after 2017 and that ecological risk may be further reduced in the future.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(7): 3527-3534, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212679

RESUMO

Simultaneously reducing the availability of Cd and As is difficult owing to converse chemical behaviors of Cd and As in soil. In this study, amendments that can simultaneously immobilize Cd and As in soil were determined by an pure soil culture experiment in which flooding and wetting were performed for 30 d each. The effects of sepiolite (Sep), modified sepiolite (IMS and Sep-FM), steel slag (SS), and iron modified biochar (Fe-Bio) on soil pH, Eh, Cd, and As concentrations in pore water, and Cd and As fractions in soil were investigated. It showed that Sep (1%, 2.5%), IMS (1%, 2.5%), Sep-FM (1%, 2.5%), and SS (1%, 5%) treatments increased soil pH value and decreased Eh value and Cd concentrations in soil solution. In addition, As concentrations in soil solution treated with high doses of IMS (2.5%) and SS (5%) were lower than that of CK treatment during the whole incubation period. However, Fe-bio treatment decreased soil pH and increased Eh value and only decreased Cd and As concentrations in soil solution under wet conditions. Compared with the control, the application of the above amendments promoted the transformation of Cd fraction from exchangeable to reducible, oxidizable, and residual. High application rates of IMS (2.5%), Sep-FM (2.5%), and SS (5%) also reduced available As fraction (non-specifically sorbed and specifically-sorbed As fraction), and increased amorphous and poorly-crystalline hydrated Fe and Al oxide-bound As. On the contrary, Fe-bio treatment increased the fractions of non-specifically sorbed, specifically sorbed and residual As in soil. In short, IMS, Sep-FM, and SS are potential materials for remediation of Cd and As contaminated soil. They can effectively immobilize soil Cd and As and promote their transformation to the fractions that plants are difficult to uptake.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Carvão Vegetal , Poluição Ambiental/análise , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
17.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 408, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that enhanced adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) are associated with metabolic disorders in obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, therapeutic persistence and reduced homing stem cell function following cell delivery remains a critical hurdle for the clinical translation of stem cells in current approaches. METHODS: We demonstrate that the effect of a combined application of photoactivation and adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) using transplantation into visceral epididymal adipose tissue (EAT) in obesity. Cultured ASCs were derived from subcutaneous white adipose tissue isolated from mice fed a normal diet (ND). RESULTS: In diet-induced obesity, implantation of light-treated ASCs improved glucose tolerance and ameliorated systemic insulin resistance. Intriguingly, compared with non-light-treated ASCs, light-treated ASCs reduced monocyte infiltration and the levels of ATMs in EAT. Moreover, implantation of light-treated ASCs exerts more anti-inflammatory effects by suppressing M1 polarization and enhancing macrophage M2 polarization in EAT. Mass spectrometry revealed that light-treated human obese ASCs conditioned medium retained a more complete secretome with significant downregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that the combined application of photoactivation and ASCs using transplantation into dysfunctional adipose tissue contribute to selective suppression of inflammatory responses and protection from insulin resistance in obesity and type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistência à Insulina , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Glucose , Inflamação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Células-Tronco
18.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(34): 18514-18518, 2021 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34138512

RESUMO

Spiroxins A, C, and D are metabolites that have been identified in the marine fungal strain LL-37H248. Their unique polycyclic structures and intriguing biological activities make them attractive targets for the synthetic community. Based on a scalable enantioselective epoxidation of 5-substituted naphthoquinone, an oxidation/spiroketalization cascade, ortho-selective chlorination of the phenol unit, and oxime-ester-directed acetoxylation, an enantioselective total synthesis of (-)-spiroxins A and C and the first total synthesis of (-)-spiroxin D have been achieved.


Assuntos
Naftalenos/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Estrutura Molecular , Naftalenos/química , Compostos de Espiro/química , Estereoisomerismo
19.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 666-70, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085486

RESUMO

From "arrival of qi produces curative effect", it is considered that arrival of qi, qi reaching and acupuncture sensation cannot contain the effect attribute, location attribute and performance attribute of acupuncture at the same time, so it is necessary to find a more suitable standard to measure the arrival of qi and clinical curative effect. Inspired by "the arrival of qi should be reaction of spirit, and reaction of spirit produces curative effect", the authors propose to use the term "reaction of spirit" to summarize the numerous external manifestations of arrival of qi, and to coordinate the attributes of arrival of qi, qi reaching and acupuncture sensation. Academician SHI Xue-min guides the clinical treatment with "reaction of spirit produces curative effect", attaches importance to the spirit treatment to improve the clinical curative effect, and evaluates whether acupuncture is successful or not with "reaction of spirit".


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Qi , Sensação
20.
Integr Med Res ; 10(3): 100724, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34040981

RESUMO

Background: Postpartum subinvolution of the uterus is a more common condition after cesarean section. Auricular acupressure (AA) is widely used for the treatment of postpartum diseases. However, few studies have explored the effects of AA as a treatment of uterine involution following cesarean section to date. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of AA for uterine involution after cesarean section. Methods: A total of 109 women who underwent cesarean section participated in this study. They were randomly allocated to either real AA or sham AA in a 1:1 ratio by a computer program. For 3 days, the real AA and sham AA groups received treatment 3 times daily. A series of assessments at 42 days after cesarean section, namely on the uterine size, the incidence of hydrometra, the first anal exsufflation time, bleeding volume at 6 hours, bleeding volume at 6-24 hours along with other general assessments were carried out. Results: A total of 89 women completed the study. The uterine size at 42 days after a cesarean section was 6.3 cm smaller in the real AA group than in the sham AA group (P < 0.01). The incidence of hydrometra on day 42 postpartum was lower in the real AA group than in the sham AA group (P < 0.01). The lochia duration and the first anal exsufflation time after cesarean section were shorter in the real AA group than in the sham AA group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: AA improves uterine involution after cesarean section. Trial registration: ChiCTR1800015569.

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