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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4145-4149, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467726

RESUMO

With repeated silica gel, octadecyl silica(ODS), and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, normal-phase and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), etc., a pair of new enantiomers and 5 known compounds were separated from the 95% ethanol extract of Chloranthus multistachys. These compounds were identified by the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(including 1 D-NMR and 2 D-NMR), single-crystal X-ray diffraction, circular dichroism(CD) spectroscopy, mass spectrometry(MS), and some other methods as(1R,4R,5R,8S,10R)-chloraeudolide H(1 a),(1S,4S,5S,8R,10S)-chloraeudolide H(1 b), hydroxyisogermafurenolide(2), 4α-hydroxy-5α,8ß(H)-eudesm-7(11)-en-8,12-olide(3), chloraniolide A(4), chlorantene D(5), 4α,8ß-dihydroxy-5α(H)-eudesm-7(11)-en-8,12-olide(6). Compounds 1 a and 1 b are a pair of new eudesmane-type sesquiterpene enantiomers, and compounds 2-4 were isolated from C. multistachys for the first time.


Assuntos
Sesquiterpenos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3789-3796, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472251

RESUMO

The genus Chloranthus has 13 species and 5 varieties in China, which can be found in the southwest and northeast regions. Phytochemical studies on Chloranthus plants have reported a large amount of terpenoids, such as diterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, and sesquiterpenoid dimers. Their anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, antifungal, antivirus, and neuroprotection activities have been confirmed by previous pharmacological research. Herein, research on the chemical constituents from Chloranthus plants and their biological activities over the five years was summarized to provide scientific basis for the further development and utilization of Chloranthus plants.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Sesquiterpenos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Plantas , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Terpenos
3.
Fitoterapia ; 153: 104971, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166705

RESUMO

Seven eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids, including three pairs of racemic compounds (1a-3a and 1b-3b) and a sesquiterpenoid lactone (4), were obtained from the roots of Chloranthus serratus. The structures of these sesquiterpenoids were characterized based on spectroscopic analyses, ECD calculations, and X-ray diffraction experiment. Neuroprotection assays of the isolated eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids were conducted on H2O2 damaged PC12 cells. At the concentration of 10 µM, compounds 1b and 4 increased cell viability from 54.8 ± 3.3% to 76.8 ± 2.3 and 72.7 ± 8.2%, respectively.


Assuntos
Magnoliopsida/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/farmacologia , Animais , China , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Células PC12 , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Ratos , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/isolamento & purificação
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(8): 2067-2071, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982521

RESUMO

Eight sesquiterpenes were isolated and purified from the ethanol extract of Chloranthus henryi by column chromatographies over silica gel, ODS and Sephadex LH-20,and preparative HPLC. Their chemical structures were established by spectral data and physiochemical properties as(1S,6S,8S,10R)-8-ethoxy-10-methoxychlomultin C(1),tianmushanol(2),multistalide A(3),myrrhterpenoid N(4),1α,9α-dihydroxy-8,12-expoxy-eudesma-4,7,11-trien-6-one(5),4ß,10α-aromadendranediol(6),oplopanone(7),10α-hydroxycadinan-4-en-3-one(8). Among them, compound(1) was a new compound, and compounds 2-8 were isolated from Chloranthus henryi for the first time.


Assuntos
Sesquiterpenos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Estrutura Molecular
5.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044699

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation on the whole plant of Chloranthus multistachys pei (Chloranthaceae) afforded three pairs of new sesquiterpene enantiomers (+)/(-)-chlorantene M [(+)/(-)-1], (+)/(-)-chlorantene M1 [(+)/(-)-2] and (+)/(-)-chlorantene N [(+)/(-)-3]. The structures of new compounds were determined through spectroscopic techniques (HR-ESI-MS, 1 D and 2 D NMR), besides, their absolute and relative configurations were established by using Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and CD spectrum. The anti-inflammatory potential of all compounds was evaluated by applying LPS induced RAW 264.7 macrophage inflammatory model, and the results were that none of these compounds showed activity (IC50 > 100 µM).

6.
Fitoterapia ; 151: 104871, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652076

RESUMO

A rare sesquiterpenoid possessing a 6/6 bicyclic system fused with two clustered furan units and a pair of guaiane-type sesquiterpenoids were acquired from the roots of Chloranthus henryi. Their structures with absolute configurations were characterized with spectroscopic data, ECD, and X-ray diffraction analysis. All three sesquiterpenoids showed moderate neuroprotective activities on PC12 cells damaged with hydrogen peroxide.


Assuntos
Magnoliopsida/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , China , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Células PC12 , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Ratos , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(12): 2363-6, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26591526

RESUMO

The current study to separate and identify constituents from Millettia nitida var. hirsutissima. The compounds from Millettia nitida var. hirsutissima were isolated by means of various chromatographic techniques such as column chromatography over ODS and Sephadex LH-20, preparative HPLC, and the structures of these isolated compounds were identified through spectroscopic analyses. Nine isoflavonoids and two flavans were isolated and identified as 5-O-methy genistein (1), 7-hydroxy-3',4'-dimethoxyisoflavone (2), ononin (3), catechin (4), formononetin (5), genistein (6), calycosin (7), (-)-gallocatechin (8), sissotrin (9), wistin (10), daidzin (11). Compounds 1, 2, 9 are obtained from the genus Millettia for the first time,and compounds 4, 8 are isolated from this plant for the first time.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Flavonas/química , Isoflavonas/química , Millettia/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Flavonas/isolamento & purificação , Isoflavonas/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular
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