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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(21): 9931-9946, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638797

RESUMO

RORγt is an important nuclear receptor that regulates the production of several pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-17 and IL-22. As a result, RORγt has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of various immunological disorders such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Structure and computer-assisted drug design led to the identification of a novel series of tricyclic RORγt inverse agonists with significantly improved in vitro activity in the reporter (Gal4) and human whole blood assays compared to our previous chemotype. Through careful structure activity relationship, several potent and selective RORγt inverse agonists have been identified. Pharmacokinetic studies allowed the identification of the lead molecule 32 with a low peak-to-trough ratio. This molecule showed excellent activity in an IL-2/IL-23-induced mouse pharmacodynamic study and demonstrated biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced preclinical model of psoriasis.

2.
J Med Chem ; 59(21): 9837-9854, 2016 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27726358

RESUMO

Fingolimod (1) is the first approved oral therapy for the treatment of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. While the phosphorylated metabolite of fingolimod was found to be a nonselective S1P receptor agonist, agonism specifically of S1P1 is responsible for the peripheral blood lymphopenia believed to be key to its efficacy. Identification of modulators that maintain activity on S1P1 while sparing activity on other S1P receptors could offer equivalent efficacy with reduced liabilities. We disclose in this paper a ligand-based drug design approach that led to the discovery of a series of potent tricyclic agonists of S1P1 with selectivity over S1P3 and were efficacious in a pharmacodynamic model of suppression of circulating lymphocytes. Compound 10 had the desired pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profile and demonstrated maximal efficacy when administered orally in a rat adjuvant arthritis model.


Assuntos
Desenho de Drogas , Cloridrato de Fingolimode/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Receptores de Lisoesfingolipídeo/agonistas , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/imunologia , Cães , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Cloridrato de Fingolimode/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Fingolimode/química , Adjuvante de Freund/administração & dosagem , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/administração & dosagem , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/química , Ligantes , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Mycobacterium/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Distribuição Tecidual
3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 26(10): 2470-2474, 2016 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27055941

RESUMO

The synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) of a series of pyridyl-isoxazole based agonists of S1P1 are discussed. Compound 5b provided potent in vitro activity with selectivity, had an acceptable pharmacokinetic profile, and demonstrated efficacy in a dose dependent manner when administered orally in a rodent model of arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Lisofosfolipídeos/agonistas , Esfingosina/análogos & derivados , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Administração Oral , Animais , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Isoxazóis/química , Isoxazóis/farmacologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Receptores de Lisoesfingolipídeo/agonistas , Esfingosina/agonistas
4.
J Med Chem ; 59(6): 2820-40, 2016 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26924461

RESUMO

Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is the endogenous ligand for the sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors (S1P1-5) and evokes a variety of cellular responses through their stimulation. The interaction of S1P with the S1P receptors plays a fundamental physiological role in a number of processes including vascular development and stabilization, lymphocyte migration, and proliferation. Agonism of S1P1, in particular, has been shown to play a significant role in lymphocyte trafficking from the thymus and secondary lymphoid organs, resulting in immunosuppression. This article will detail the discovery and SAR of a potent and selective series of isoxazole based full agonists of S1P1. Isoxazole 6d demonstrated impressive efficacy when administered orally in a rat model of arthritis and in a mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis.


Assuntos
Isoxazóis/síntese química , Isoxazóis/farmacologia , Lisofosfolipídeos/agonistas , Esfingosina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Células CHO , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Descoberta de Drogas , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/síntese química , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Sistema Linfático/citologia , Sistema Linfático/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Esfingosina/agonistas , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Timo/citologia , Timo/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
J Med Chem ; 58(19): 7775-84, 2015 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26359680

RESUMO

In search for prodrugs to address the issue of pH-dependent solubility and exposure associated with 1 (BMS-582949), a previously disclosed phase II clinical p38α MAP kinase inhibitor, a structurally novel clinical prodrug, 2 (BMS-751324), featuring a carbamoylmethylene linked promoiety containing hydroxyphenyl acetic acid (HPA) derived ester and phosphate functionalities, was identified. Prodrug 2 was not only stable but also water-soluble under both acidic and neutral conditions. It was effectively bioconverted into parent drug 1 in vivo by alkaline phosphatase and esterase in a stepwise manner, providing higher exposure of 1 compared to its direct administration, especially within higher dose ranges. In a rat LPS-induced TNFα pharmacodynamic model and a rat adjuvant arthritis model, 2 demonstrated similar efficacy to 1. Most importantly, it was shown in clinical studies that prodrug 2 was indeed effective in addressing the pH-dependent absorption issue associated with 1.


Assuntos
Organofosfatos/farmacologia , Fenilacetatos/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Estrutura Molecular , Organofosfatos/química , Fenilacetatos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacocinética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 354(2): 152-65, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26015463

RESUMO

Therapies targeting either interleukin (IL)-23 or IL-17 have shown promise in treating T helper 17 (Th17)-driven autoimmune diseases. Although IL-23 is a critical driver of IL-17, recognition of nonredundant and independent functions of IL-23 and IL-17 has prompted the notion that dual inhibition of both IL-23 and IL-17 could offer even greater efficacy for treating autoimmune diseases relative to targeting either cytokine alone. To test this hypothesis, we generated selective inhibitors of IL-23 and IL-17 and tested the effect of either treatment alone compared with their combination in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, using a novel culture system of murine Th17 cells and NIH/3T3 fibroblasts, we showed that inhibition of both IL-23 and IL-17 completely suppressed IL-23-dependent IL-22 production from Th17 cells and cooperatively blocked IL-17-dependent IL-6 secretion from the NIH/3T3 cells to levels below either inhibitor alone. In vivo, in the imiquimod induced skin inflammation model, and in the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model, we demonstrated that dual inhibition of IL-17 and IL-23 was more efficacious in reducing disease than targeting either cytokine alone. Together, these data support the hypothesis that neutralization of both IL-23 and IL-17 may provide enhanced benefit against Th17 mediated autoimmunity and provide a basis for a therapeutic strategy aimed at dual targeting IL-23 and IL-17.


Assuntos
Autoimunidade/imunologia , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/imunologia , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Interleucina-23/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-23/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Autoimunidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Cocultura , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células NIH 3T3 , Distribuição Aleatória
7.
Bioanalysis ; 6(13): 1795-811, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25157486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The disease state can modulate the penetration of large antibody-sized therapeutic molecules into affected tissues. Suitable bioanalytical methods are required for the quantitative analysis of drug tissue levels to enable a better understanding of the parameters influencing drug penetration and target engagement. RESULTS: Described is a sensitive and selective LC-MS/MS assay for the quantification of human mAb molecules in mouse tissues. By homogenizing tissues directly into serum, a common serum calibration curve can be used for multiple tissues. A generic procedure was used for affinity enrichment. An analytical range of 20 - 20,000 ng/ml was achieved in serum. CONCLUSION: The method described here can be applied for the quantitative analysis of mAb and Fc-fusion therapeutic molecules in a variety of animal tissue matrices.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/sangue , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/análise , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/sangue , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/metabolismo , Cromatografia de Afinidade , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Peptídeos/análise , Análise de Regressão , Pele/metabolismo , Tripsina/metabolismo , Ustekinumab
8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 21(15): 4633-7, 2011 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21705217
9.
J Med Chem ; 53(18): 6629-39, 2010 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20804198

RESUMO

The discovery and characterization of 7k (BMS-582949), a highly selective p38α MAP kinase inhibitor that is currently in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, is described. A key to the discovery was the rational substitution of N-cyclopropyl for N-methoxy in 1a, a previously reported clinical candidate p38α inhibitor. Unlike alkyl and other cycloalkyls, the sp(2) character of the cyclopropyl group can confer improved H-bonding characteristics to the directly substituted amide NH. Inhibitor 7k is slightly less active than 1a in the p38α enzymatic assay but displays a superior pharmacokinetic profile and, as such, was more effective in both the acute murine model of inflammation and pseudoestablished rat AA model. The binding mode of 7k with p38α was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Células CACO-2 , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Técnicas In Vitro , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
10.
J Immunol ; 184(7): 3917-26, 2010 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20190141

RESUMO

LFA-1 appears to play a central role in normal immune responses to foreign Ags. In autoimmune or inflammatory diseases, there is increased expression of LFA-1 and/or its counterligand, ICAM-1. Others have demonstrated that the targeted disruption of LFA-1:ICAM interactions, either by gene deletion or Ab treatment in mice, results in reduced leukocyte trafficking, inflammatory responses, and inhibition of inflammatory arthritis in the K/BxN serum transfer model. However, there has been little success in finding a small-molecule LFA-1 antagonist that can similarly impact rodent models of arthritis. In this paper, we present the first reported example of an LFA-1 small-molecule antagonist, BMS-587101, that is efficacious in preclinical disease models. In vitro, BMS-587101 inhibited LFA-1-mediated adhesion of T cells to endothelial cells, T cell proliferation, and Th1 cytokine production. Because BMS-587101 exhibits in vitro potency, cross-reactivity, and oral bioavailability in rodents, we evaluated the impact of oral administration of this compound in two different models of arthritis: Ab-induced arthritis and collagen-induced arthritis. Significant impact of BMS-587101 on clinical score in both models was observed, with inhibition comparable or better than anti-mouse LFA-1 Ab. In addition, BMS-587101 significantly reduced cytokine mRNA levels in the joints of Ab-induced arthritis animals as compared with those receiving vehicle alone. In paws taken from the collagen-induced arthritis study, the bones of vehicle-treated mice had extensive inflammation and bone destruction, whereas treatment with BMS-587101 resulted in marked protection. These findings support the potential use of an LFA-1 small-molecule antagonist in rheumatoid arthritis, with the capacity for disease modification.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Antígeno-1 Associado à Função Linfocitária/metabolismo , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Animais , Artrite Experimental/imunologia , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/biossíntese , Citocinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/patologia , Teste de Cultura Mista de Linfócitos , Antígeno-1 Associado à Função Linfocitária/imunologia , Camundongos
11.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(6): 1762-7, 2008 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18313298
12.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(8): 2739-44, 2008 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18364256

RESUMO

A novel series of compounds based on the pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine ring system have been identified as potent p38 alpha MAP kinase inhibitors. The synthesis, structure-activity relationships (SAR), and in vivo activity of selected analogs from this class of inhibitors are reported. Additional studies based on X-ray co-crystallography have revealed that one of the potent inhibitors from this series binds to the DFG-out conformation of the p38 alpha enzyme.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirróis/química , Triazinas/síntese química , Triazinas/farmacologia , Amidas/química , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
13.
J Med Chem ; 51(1): 4-16, 2008 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18072718

RESUMO

A novel structural class of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitors consisting of substituted 4-(phenylamino)-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazines has been discovered. An initial subdeck screen revealed that the oxindole-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine lead 2a displayed potent enzyme inhibition (IC 50 60 nM) and was active in a cell-based TNFalpha biosynthesis inhibition assay (IC 50 210 nM). Replacement of the C4 oxindole with 2-methyl-5- N-methoxybenzamide aniline 9 gave a compound with superior p38 kinase inhibition (IC 50 10 nM) and moderately improved functional inhibition in THP-1 cells. Further replacement of the C6 ester of the pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine with amides afforded compounds with increased potency, excellent oral bioavailability, and robust efficacy in a murine model of acute inflammation (murine LPS-TNFalpha). In rodent disease models of chronic inflammation, multiple compounds demonstrated significant inhibition of disease progression leading to the advancement of 2 compounds 11b and 11j into further preclinical and toxicological studies.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Drogas , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
14.
J Med Chem ; 50(15): 3730-42, 2007 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17585753

RESUMO

Inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH), a key enzyme in the de novo synthesis of guanosine nucleotides, catalyzes the irreversible nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide dependent oxidation of inosine-5'-monophosphate to xanthosine-5'-monophosphate. Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF), a prodrug of mycophenolic acid, has clinical utility for the treatment of transplant rejection based on its inhibition of IMPDH. The overall clinical benefit of MMF is limited by what is generally believed to be compound-based, dose-limiting gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity that is related to its specific pharmacokinetic characteristics. Thus, development of an IMPDH inhibitor with a novel structure and a different pharmacokinetic profile may reduce the likelihood of GI toxicity and allow for increased efficacy. This article will detail the discovery and SAR leading to a novel and potent acridone-based IMPDH inhibitor 4m and its efficacy and GI tolerability when administered orally in a rat adjuvant arthritis model.


Assuntos
Acridinas/síntese química , IMP Desidrogenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Piperazinas/síntese química , Acridinas/farmacologia , Acridinas/toxicidade , Administração Oral , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Trato Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Piperazinas/toxicidade , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
J Med Chem ; 49(23): 6819-32, 2006 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17154512

RESUMO

2-aminothiazole (1) was discovered as a novel Src family kinase inhibitor template through screening of our internal compound collection. Optimization through successive structure-activity relationship iterations identified analogs 2 (Dasatinib, BMS-354825) and 12m as pan-Src inhibitors with nanomolar to subnanomolar potencies in biochemical and cellular assays. Molecular modeling was used to construct a putative binding model for Lck inhibition by this class of compounds. The framework of key hydrogen-bond interactions proposed by this model was in agreement with the subsequent, published crystal structure of 2 bound to structurally similar Abl kinase. The oral efficacy of this class of inhibitors was demonstrated with 12m in inhibiting the proinflammatory cytokine IL-2 ex vivo in mice (ED50 approximately 5 mg/kg) and in reducing TNF levels in an acute murine model of inflammation (90% inhibition in LPS-induced TNFalpha production when dosed orally at 60 mg/kg, 2 h prior to LPS administration). The oral efficacy of 12m was further demonstrated in a chronic model of adjuvant arthritis in rats with established disease when administered orally at 0.3 and 3 mg/kg twice daily. Dasatinib (2) is currently in clinical trials for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Tiazóis/síntese química , Quinases da Família src/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Crônica , Dasatinibe , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Interleucina-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos , Proteína Tirosina Quinase p56(lck) Linfócito-Específica/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiazóis/química , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
16.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 16(14): 3706-12, 2006 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16682193

RESUMO

A series of structurally novel aminothiazole based small molecule inhibitors of Itk were prepared to elucidate their structure-activity relationships (SARs), selectivity, and cell activity in inhibiting IL-2 secretion in a Jurkat T-cell assay. Compound 3 is identified as a potent and selective Itk inhibitor which inhibits anti-TCR antibody induced IL-2 production in mice in vivo and was previously reported to reduce lung inflammation in a mouse model of ovalbumin induced allergy/asthma.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Sulfetos/síntese química , Sulfetos/farmacologia , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Asma/patologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/patologia , Células Jurkat/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Pneumonia/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
J Med Chem ; 48(20): 6261-70, 2005 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16190753

RESUMO

A novel class of 5-cyanopyrimidine-based inhibitors of p38alpha MAP kinase has been investigated. Analogues optimized through SAR iterations display low nanomolar enzymatic and cellular activity. The in vivo efficacy of this class of p38 inhibitors was demonstrated by 3a and 3b (>50% reduction in TNF levels when orally dosed at 5 mg/kg, 5 h prior to LPS administration in an acute murine model of inflammation). For 3a and 3b, the previously identified N-methoxybenzamide moiety (1) was replaced with N-(isoxazol-3-yl)benzamide, thereby providing increased metabolic stability. Cyanopyrimidine 3a demonstrated 100% oral bioavailability in mouse. High p38 kinase selectivity versus over 20 kinases was observed for analogue 3b. Direct hydrogen bonding of the cyano nitrogen of the 5-cyanopyrimidine core to the backbone NH of Met109 was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis of 3a bound to p38alpha.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Benzamidas/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Nitrilos/síntese química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Benzamidas/química , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Células Cultivadas , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Nitrilos/química , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
19.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 14(24): 6061-6, 2004 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15546730
20.
J Med Chem ; 47(25): 6283-91, 2004 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15566298

RESUMO

A new structural class of triaminotriazine aniline amides possessing potent p38 enzyme activity has been discovered. The initial hit (compound 1a) was identified through screening the Pharmacopeia ECLiPS compound collection. SAR modification led to the identification of a short acting triaminotriazine aniline methoxyamide (compound 1m) possessing in vitro and in vivo oral activity in animal models of acute and chronic inflammatory disease. An X-ray crystal structure of compound 1m in this class, cocrystallized with unactivated p38 alpha protein, indicates that these compounds bind to the ATP binding pocket and possess key H-bonding interactions within a deeper cleft. Hydrogen bonding between one of the triazine nitrogens and the backbone NH of the Met109 residue occurs through a water molecule. The methoxyamide NH and carbonyl oxygen are within H-bonding distance of Glu71 and Asp168.


Assuntos
Amidas/síntese química , Compostos de Anilina/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Benzamidas/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Amidas/química , Amidas/farmacologia , Compostos de Anilina/química , Compostos de Anilina/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Benzamidas/química , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/química , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/química
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