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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(23): 6163-6177, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951243

RESUMO

This study aimed to qualitatively analyze the chemical components in Xiaoer Chiqiao Qingre Granules(XRCQ) by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS/MS and identify its material basis. The absorbed components in plasma were combined for exploring the potential action mechanism by integrated network pharmacology. ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 µm) column and mobile phase system of 0.1% formic acid solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) were used for gradient elution, followed by high resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in both positive and negative ion scanning modes. According to the precise relative molecular mass and MS/MS fragment ions, a total of 124 chemical components were identified in XRCQ by the comparison with references and literature reports, among which 29 compounds were completely confirmed by comparison with reference substances. Then, the main absorbed components of XRCQ in plasma were also analyzed and clarified by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS/MS. BATMAN-TCM and SwissTargetPrediction were used for target prediction of absorbed components in plasma. Following the plotting of association network with Cytoscape 3.8.2, the core targets were subjected to GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis and a component-target-pathway network was constructed. A total of eight main targets of XRCQ against fever in children were obtained together with eight absorbed components in plasma, including glycyrhydinic acid, hesperidin, emodin, reticuline, daidzein, magnolignan C, magnolignan A, and magnolaldehyde D. It was inferred that XRCQ might improve alimentary system abnormality, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and endocrine disorder through tumor necrosis factor, PI3 K-AKT, and other signaling pathways. The present study comprehensively expounded the chemical profiles of XRCQ and the main absorbed components in plasma and predicted the potential mechanism of XRCQ based on integrated network pharmacology, which has provided certain theoretical reference for the clinical application of XRCQ.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Criança , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Humanos
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4774-4781, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581088

RESUMO

Indolealkylamines(IAAs) are the main hydrophilic substances in toad skin, mainly including free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine. In this study, the LPS-activated neutrophils were used to investigate the structure-activity relationship and anti-inflammatory mechanism of the above-mentioned five monomers from the toad skin in vitro. The neutrophils were divided into the control group, model group(1 µg·mL~(-1) LPS), positive drug group(100 µg·mL~(-1) indometacin), as well as the low-(50 µg·mL~(-1)), medium-(100 µg·mL~(-1)) and high-dose(200 µg·mL~(-1)) free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine groups. The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1ß in the neutrophil supernatant of each group was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) after LPS stimulation, followed by the detection of apoptosis in each group after Annexin V/PI staining. The protein expression levels of caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2, beclin1, LC3-I, and LC3-Ⅱ were assayed by Western blot. The results showed that IAAs reduced the excessive secretion of inflammatory cytokines caused by LPS compared with the model group. Besides, the activity of each free IAAs(N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine and dehydrobufotenine), especially bufotenine, was stronger than that of the binding bufothionine. As revealed by Annexin V/PI staining, LPS delayed the early apoptosis of neutrophils compared with the control group, while bufotenine promoted the apoptosis of neutrophils in a dose-dependent manner, which might be related to the elevated expression of apoptosis-related protein Bax/Bcl-2. In addition, LPS activated the autophagy pathways in neutrophils. This study confirmed the efficacy of IAAs in reducing the secretion of inflammatory cytokines in neutrophils induced by LPS for the first time. For instance, bufotenine exerts the anti-inflammatory effect possibly by inducing the apoptosis of neutrophils.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , Neutrófilos , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Apoptose , Bufonidae , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Pele
3.
Physiol Rev ; 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569264

RESUMO

Intestinal fibrosis is considered an inevitable complication of Crohn's disease (CD) that results in symptoms of obstruction and stricture formation. Endoscopic or surgical treatment is required to treat the majority of patients. Progress in the management of stricturing CD is hampered by the lack of effective anti-fibrotic therapy; however, this situation is likely to change because of recent advances in other fibrotic diseases of the lung, liver and skin. In this review, we summarized data from randomized controlled trials (RCT) of anti-fibrotic therapies in these conditions. Multiple compounds have been tested for the anti-fibrotic effects in other organs. According to their mechanisms, they were categorized into growth factor modulators, inflammation modulators, 5-hydroxy-3-methylgultaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, intracellular enzymes and kinases, renin-angiotensin system (RAS) modulators and others. From our review of the results from the clinical trials and discussion of their implications in the gastrointestinal tract, we have identified several molecular candidates that could serve as potential therapies for intestinal fibrosis in CD.

4.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112160, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560546

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease. Bu-Shen-Tong-Du prescription (BSP) has traditionally been used in to treat RA but its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we explored the potential mechanisms of BSP in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats, a classic animal model of RA. We employed an integrated pharmacology approach in combination with network pharmacology, 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics, and biochemical analyses to determine the mechanisms of BSP for treating RA. We found that BSP can regulate immunity and inflammation by decreasing the spleen index; inhibiting hyperplasia of the white pulp; reducing the levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17A, and IFN-γ; and increasing the levels of IL-10 in the serum. Network pharmacology was utilized to predict related signal transduction pathways of BSP in RA treatment. 1H NMR metabolomics of the serum confirmed that BSP regulated energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism. Finally, we validated the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway using immunohistochemical methods, which demonstrated that BSP controlled RA-induced inflammation by inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. These results confirm the therapeutic effect of BSP in a CIA rat model, which is exerted via the inhibition of the inflammation and the improvement of the immune function, balancing energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism, and inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. This study provides an experimental basis for using BSP as a combinatorial drug to inhibit inflammation and regulate immunity in the treatment of RA.

5.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 658376, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34168550

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease caused by the complex interaction of multiple mechanisms. Recent studies examining the effect of high-fat diet (HFD) on the AD phenotype have demonstrated a significant influence on both inflammation and cognition. However, different studies on the effect of high-fat diet on AD pathology have reported conflicting conclusions. To explore the involvement of HFD in AD, we investigated phenotypic and metabolic changes in an AD mouse model in response to HFD. The results indicated there was no significant effect on Aß levels or contextual memory due to HFD treatment. Of note, HFD did moderate neuroinflammation, despite spurring inflammation and increasing cholesterol levels in the periphery. In addition, diet affected gut microbiota symbiosis, altering the production of bacterial metabolites. HFD created a favorable microenvironment for bile acid alteration and arachidonic acid metabolism in APP/PS1 mice, which may be related to the observed improvement in LXR/PPAR expression. Our previous research demonstrated that Huanglian Jiedu decoction (HLJDD) significantly ameliorated impaired learning and memory. Furthermore, HLJDD may globally suppress inflammation and lipid accumulation to relieve cognitive impairment after HFD intervention. It was difficult to define the effect of HFD on AD progression because the results were influenced by confounding factors and biases. Although there was still obvious damage in AD mice treated with HFD, there was no deterioration and there was even a slight remission of neuroinflammation. Moreover, HLJDD represents a potential AD drug based on its anti-inflammatory and lipid-lowering effects.

6.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 616318, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33995016

RESUMO

"Shanghuo" ("excessive internal heat") is caused by exuberant endogenous fire, which does not have a comprehensive and systematic traditional Chinese medicine theory. In previous study, we had evaluated the therapeutic effect of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HLJDD) (granule) on patients with "Shanghuo", however, the specific mechanism was not clear, which need further exploration. To explain its intervention mechanism, we select 57 patients with oral diseases caused by "Shanghuo" and 20 health volunteers to divide into oral disease group, HLJDD intervention group and healthy control group. Firstly, biochemical indicators before and after HLJDD intervention are detected, such as inflammatory factors, oxidative stress factors and energy metabolism factors. The results exhibit that HLJDD significantly decreases indicators succinic acid (p < 0.001); tumor necrosis factor-alpha, adenosine triphosphate, citric acid (p < 0.01); interleukin-8 (IL-8), 4-hydroxynonenal, pyruvic acid, lactate dehydrogenase (p < 0.05). The levels of glucocorticoid, adrenocorticotropic hormone (p < 0.01); lactic acid, IL-4, IL-10 (p < 0.05) significantly increase after HLJDD intervention. In addition, we adopt multi-omics analysis approach to investigate the potential biomarkers. Nontargeted metabolomics demonstrate that the levels of 7 differential metabolites approach that in the healthy control group after HLJDD intervention, which are correlated with histidine metabolism, beta-alanine metabolism and sphingolipid metabolism through metabolic pathway analysis. Targeted lipidomics results and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis show that 13 differential lipids are identified in the three groups mainly focuse on lysophosphatidylcholines, lysophosphatidylethanolamines. Finally, the network associations of those differential biomarkers reveal the regulation of adenosine triphosphate and tricarboxylic acid cycle play essential role in the therapeutic effect mechanism of HLJDD in "Shanghuo". The study has laid the foundation for further revealing the mechanism and finding clinical biomarkers related to "Shanghuo".

7.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 13(1): 44, 2021 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, excellent results have suggested an association between the "brain-gut" axis and Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression, yet the role of the "brain-gut" axis in AD pathogenesis still remains obscure. Herein, we provided a potential link between the central and peripheral neuroinflammatory disorders in AD progression. METHODS: The Morris water maze (MWM) test, immunohistochemistry, ELISA, ProcartaPlex Multiplex immunoassay, multiple LC-MS/MS methods, and the V3-V4 regions of 16S rRNA genes were applied to explore potential biomarkers. RESULTS: In Tg-APP/PS1 mice, gut dysbiosis and lipid metabolism were highly associated with AD-like neuroinflammation. The combination of inflammatory factors (IL-6 and INF-γ), phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and SCFA-producing bacteria were expected to be early diagnostic biomarkers for AD. Huanglian Jiedu decoction (HLJDD) suppressed gut dysbiosis and the associated Aß accumulation, harnessed neuroinflammation and reversed cognitive impairment. CONCLUSION: Together, our findings highlighted the roles of neuroinflammation induced by gut dysbiosis and lipid metabolism disorder in AD progression. This integrated metabolomics approach showed its potential to understand the complex mechanisms of HLJDD in the treatment of AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Animais , Encéfalo , Cromatografia Líquida , Progressão da Doença , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Camundongos , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 272: 113917, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609729

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Qingxin Lianzi Yin Decoction (QXLZY), a Chinese classical formula, has been widely used in the treatment of various chronic kidney diseases over 1,000 years. However, the current studies on QXLZY were mostly focused on its clinical efficacy, lacking systematic material basis research on constituents. AIM OF THE STUDY: This work aims to elucidate and quantify the chemical constituents, clarify the blood-absorbed components and excretion pathways, predict major bioactive constituents and discover potential therapeutic targets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap HRMS was employed to clarify the chemical constituents and metabolites of QXLZY. The extraction of diagnostic ion and neutral loss fragment was aimed for searching specific type of constituents. The plasma, urine, bile and feces samples of rats after oral administration of QXLZY were systematically studied. UHPLC-QQQ-MS/MS was employed to simultaneously detect different types of constitutes. Based on the analysis of ingredients in vivo, the bioactive constituents and potential therapeutic targets in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy (DN) was investigated by using network pharmacological analysis. RESULTS: Totally, 220 compounds were identified or tentatively characterized by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap HRMS. Among them, 59 compounds were confirmed by reference standards. Meanwhile, 21 representative components were simultaneously determined within 15 min by UHPLC-QQQ-MS/MS. 123 components (74 prototypes as well as 49 metabolites) were identified or tentatively characterized. By using network pharmacological analysis, baicalein, liquiritigenin, succinic acid, formononetin, wogonin might be the major effective constituents in QXLZY during the treatment of DN. CONCLUSIONS: Flavonoids, saponins and organic acids were the major chemical ingredients of QXLZY. Flavonoids were the main components absorbed into blood, followed by organic acids. Phase II conjugation reaction was the major metabolic type. The pathways that QXLZY in the treatment of DN were probably related to glucose and lipid metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammation.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Ácidos/análise , Alcaloides/análise , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Masculino , Metaboloma , Compostos Fitoquímicos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Saponinas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 27(7): 971-982, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33324986

RESUMO

Fibrosis is a major pathway to organ injury and failure, accounting for more than one-third of deaths worldwide. Intestinal fibrosis causes irreversible and serious clinical complications, such as strictures and obstruction, secondary to a complex pathogenesis. Under the stimulation of profibrotic soluble factors, excessive activation of mesenchymal cells causes extracellular matrix deposition via canonical transforming growth factor-ß/Smads signaling or other pathways (eg, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition) in intestinal fibrogenesis. In recent studies, the importance of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) stands out in fibrotic diseases in that ncRNAs exhibit a remarkable variety of biological functions in modulating the aforementioned fibrogenic responses. In this review, we summarize the role of ncRNAs, including the emerging long ncRNAs and circular RNAs, in intestinal fibrogenesis. Notably, the translational potential of ncRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets in the management of intestinal fibrosis is discussed based on clinical trials from fibrotic diseases in other organs. The main points of this review include the following: • Characteristics of ncRNAs and mechanisms of intestinal fibrogenesis • Wide participation of ncRNAs (especially the emerging long ncRNAs and circular RNAs) in intestinal fibrosis, including transforming growth factor-ß signaling, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition/endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition, and extracellular matrix remodeling • Translational potential of ncRNAs in the diagnosis and treatment of intestinal fibrosis based on clinical trials from fibrotic diseases in other organs.

10.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(1): 211-217, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325714

RESUMO

Stanene is a notable two-dimensional topological insulator with a large spin-orbit-coupling-induced band gap. However, the formation of surface alloy intermediates during the epitaxial growth on noble metal substrates prevents the as-grown stanene from preserving its intrinsic electronic states. Here, we show that an intentionally prepared 3×3Au2Sn(111) alloy surface is a suitable inert substrate for growing stanene without the further formation of a complicated surface alloy by scanning tunneling microscopy. The Sn tetramer and clover-shaped Sn pentamer are intermediates for the black-phosphorene-like Sn film at a substrate temperature of <420 K, which transforms to a blue-phosphorene-like stanene with a lattice constant of 0.50 nm above 500 K. First-principles calculations reveal that the epitaxial Sn layer exhibits a lattice registry growth mode and holds a direct energy gap of ∼0.4 eV. Furthermore, interfacial charge-transfer-induced significant Rashba splitting in its electronic structure gives it great potential in spintronic applications.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 780016, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35002716

RESUMO

Arenobufagin (ArBu), one of the main active bufadienolides of toad venom with cardiotonic effect, analgesic effect, and outstanding anti-tumor potentiality, is also a potential cardiotoxic component. In the present study, the cardiac effect of ArBu and its underlying mechanism were explored by integrating data such as heart rates, toxicokinetics, myocardial enzyme and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) activity, pathological sections, lipidomics and proteomics. Under different doses, the cardiac effects turned out to be different. The oral dose of 60 mg/kg of ArBu sped up the heart rate. However, 120 mg/kg ArBu mainly reduced the heart rate. Over time, they all returned to normal, consisting of the trend of ArBu concentration-time curve. High concentrations of myocardial enzymes and BNP indicated that ArBu inhibited or impaired the cardiac function of rats. Pathological sections of hearts also showed that ArBu caused myocardial fiber disorder and rupture, in which the high-dose group was more serious. At the same time, serum and heart tissue lipidomics were used to explore the changes in body lipid metabolism under different doses. The data indicated a larger difference in the high-dose ArBu group. There were likewise many significant differences in the proteomics of the heart. Furthermore, a multi-layered network was used to integrate the above information to explore the potential mechanism. Finally, 4 proteins that were shown to be significantly and differentially expressed were validated by targeted proteomics using parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) analysis. Our findings indicated that ArBu behaved as a bidirectional regulation of the heart. The potential mechanism of cardiac action was revealed with the increased dose, which provided a useful reference for the safety of clinical application of ArBu.

12.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol ; 13: 1756284820968732, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33329758

RESUMO

Background: A suitable disease classification is essential for individualized therapy in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Although a potential mechanistic classification of colon-involving and non-colon-involving disease was suggested by recent genetic and microbiota studies, the clinical implication has seldom been investigated. We aimed to explore the association of this colonic-based classification with clinical outcomes in patients with CD compared with the Montreal classification. Methods: This was a retrospective study of CD patients from a tertiary referral center. Patients were categorized into colon-involving and non-colon-involving disease, and according to the Montreal classification. Clinico-demographic data, medications, and surgeries were compared between the two classifications. The primary outcome was the need for major abdominal surgery. Results: Of 934 patients, those with colonic involvement had an earlier median (interquartile range) age of onset [23.0 (17.0-30.0) versus 26.0 (19.0-35.0) years, p = 0.001], higher frequency of perianal lesions (31.2% versus 14.5%, p < 0.001) and extraintestinal manifestations (21.8% versus 14.5%, p = 0.010), but lower frequency of stricture (B2) (16.3% versus 24.0%, p = 0.005), than those with non-colon-involving disease. Colon-involving disease was a protective factor against major abdominal surgery [hazard ratio, 0.689; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.481-0.985; p = 0.041]. However, patients with colon-involving CD were more prone to steroids [odds ratio (OR), 1.793; 95% CI, 1.206-2.666; p = 0.004] and azathioprine/6-mercaptopurine (AZA/6-MP) treatment (OR, 1.732; 95% CI, 1.103-2.719; p = 0.017) than were patients with non-colon-involving disease. The Montreal classification was not predictive of surgery or steroids and AZA/6-MP treatment. Conclusion: This study supports the rationale for disease classification based on the involvement of colon. This new classification of CD is a better predictor of clinical outcomes than the Montreal classification.

13.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 576891, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33330534

RESUMO

Background and Aims: The COVID-19 pandemic poses a great challenge to healthcare. We aimed to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on the healthcare of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in epicenter and non-epicenter areas. Methods: Patients with IBD from Hubei province (the epicenter of COVID-19) and Guangdong province (a non-epicenter area), China were surveyed during the pandemic. The questionnaire included change of medications (steroids, immunomodulators, and biologics), procedures (lab tests, endoscopy, and elective surgery), and healthcare mode (standard healthcare vs. telemedicine) during 1 month before and after the outbreak of COVID-19. Results: In total, 324 IBD patients from Guangdong province (non-epicenter) and 149 from Hubei province (epicenter) completed the questionnaire with comparable demographic characteristics. Compared to patients in Guangdong province (non-epicenter), significantly more patients in Hubei (epicenter) had delayed lab tests/endoscopy procedures [61.1% (91/149) vs. 25.3% (82/324), p < 0.001], drug withdrawal [28.6% (43/149) vs. 9.3% (30/324), p < 0.001], delayed biologics infusions [60.4% (90/149) vs. 19.1% (62/324), p < 0.001], and postponed elective surgery [16.1% (24/149) vs. 3.7% (12/324), p < 0.001]. There was an increased use of telemedicine after the outbreak compared to before the outbreak in Hubei province [38.9% (58/149) vs. 15.4% (23/149), p < 0.001], while such a significant increase was not observed in Guangdong province [21.9% (71/324) vs. 18.8% (61/324), p = 0.38]. Approximately two-thirds of IBD patients from both sites agreed that telemedicine should be increasingly used in future medical care. Conclusions: Our patient-based survey study in a real-world setting showed that COVID-19 resulted in a great impact on the healthcare of patients with IBD, and such an impact was more obvious in the epicenter compared to the non-epicenter area of COVID-19. Telemedicine offers a good solution to counteract the challenges in an unprecedented situation such as COVID-19.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(13): 3035-3044, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726009

RESUMO

UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS was developed for the identification of chemical constituents in Qingfei Paidu Decoction, which will clarify its material basis. ACQUITY UHPLC HSS T3 chromatography column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 µm) was used with 0.1% formic acid(B)-acetonitrile(A) as the mobile phase in gradient elution. The decoction was detected by high-resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry equipped with an ESI ion source in positive and negative mode. Based on the accurate mass measurements, retention time, mass fragmentation patterns combined with comparison of reference and literature reports, a total of 87 major compounds including 43 flavonoids, 9 alkaloids, 4 triterpenoid saponins, 1 sesquiterpene, 2 coumarins, 10 phenolic acids and 18 other compounds were tentatively screened and characterized. UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS was employed to comprehensively elucidate the chemical components in Qingfei Paidu Decoction, which basically covered 20 Chinese medicines except gypsum in Qingfei Paidu Decoction. These collective results provide a scientific basis for further research on the quality control standard of Qingfei Paidu Decoction.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cumarínicos/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Espectrometria de Massas
16.
Cell Stem Cell ; 27(2): 315-325.e5, 2020 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559418

RESUMO

Successful cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) requires overcoming significant epigenetic barriers. Genomic imprinting is not generally regarded as such a barrier, although H3K27me3-dependent imprinting is differentially distributed in E6.5 epiblast and extraembryonic tissues. Here we report significant enhancement of SCNT efficiency by deriving somatic donor cells carrying simultaneous monoallelic deletion of four H3K27me3-imprinted genes from haploid mouse embryonic stem cells. Quadruple monoallelic deletion of Sfmbt2, Jade1, Gab1, and Smoc1 normalized H3K27me3-imprinted expression patterns and increased fibroblast cloning efficiency to 14% compared with a 0% birth rate from wild-type fibroblasts while preventing the placental and body overgrowth defects frequently observed in cloned animals. Sfmbt2 deletion was the most effective of the four individual gene deletions in improving SCNT. These results show that lack of H3K27me3 imprinting in somatic cells is an epigenetic barrier that impedes post-implantation development of SCNT embryos and can be overcome by monoallelic imprinting gene deletions in donor cells.


Assuntos
Histonas , Técnicas de Transferência Nuclear , Animais , Clonagem de Organismos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Feminino , Impressão Genômica , Histonas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Gravidez , Proteínas Repressoras
17.
J Dig Dis ; 21(6): 336-341, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496631

RESUMO

Intestinal fibrosis and subsequent stricture formation are major clinical challenges in inflammatory bowel disease, resulting in an increased rate of operation and poor prognosis compared with those without. With the changing perception that intestinal fibrosis is irreversible to the point of view that it is reversible in recent years, various candidate serum biomarkers have been studied over the past decades, which may stratify patients based on their risks of developing stenosis and enable the detection of early stages of fibrosis. However, reliable and accurate biomarkers are still unavailable due to conflicting results and the lack of high-quality evidence. In this review we summarized the serum biomarkers that have been proposed for intestinal fibrosis in recent years, which includes gene polymorphisms or variants, epigenetic markers, extracellular matrix components, growth factors, and antibodies, aiming to provide clues for future research.


Assuntos
Constrição Patológica/sangue , Constrição Patológica/patologia , Doença de Crohn/sangue , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Intestinos/patologia , Anticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Epigênese Genética , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibrose/sangue , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/sangue , Prognóstico
18.
PeerJ ; 8: e9011, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32426183

RESUMO

Hellebrigenin is a natural product found in the toad skin secretions and plants of Urginea, including Hellebores and Kalanchoe genera. It has been shown to be active against Leishmania chagasi promastigotes and Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes and also reported to play an anti-tumor effect on several cancer cell lines in vitro, including pancreatic cancer. This study is aimed to investigate the effects of Hellebrigenin on pancreatic carcinoma cells, SW1990 and BxPC-3 in vitro and its molecular mechanism involved in antitumor activities. Our results showed that Hellebrigenin effectively inhibited the proliferation of SW1990 and BxPC-3 cells in dose- and time-dependent manner. Flow cytometry results showed that Hellebrigenin induced the G0/G1 arrest in both of SW1990 and BxPC-3 cells and promoted cell early apoptosis and autophagy according to morphological observation. Immunofluorescence staining results further confirmed that cell apoptosis and autophagy also increased upon the Hellebrigenin treatment. Moreover, higher dose of Hellebrigenin further increased the cell apoptosis rate while decrease the mitochondrial membrane potential 24 h after treatment. The autophagy rate increased 48 h after treatment with significant difference (P < 0.05). Western blot analysis showed that the expression of caspase 3, 7, cleaved caspase 7, Atg 12, LC3 proteins were increased in SW1990 cell after treatment with Hellebrigenin. In addition, increasing expression of caspase 3, 7, 9, PARP, cleaved caspase 3, 7, 9, PARP, the sub basic protein of the PI3K family, Beclin-1, LC 3, Atg 3, 5, 12, 16 L were also observed after BxPC-3 cells treated with Hellebrigenin. In summary, this study reported for the first time that Hellebrigenin effectively induced autophagy and apoptosis especially the early apoptosis in SW1990 and BxPC-3 cells.

19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 260: 112943, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422359

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arenobufagin (ArBu) is an important anti-tumor ingredient of Chan'su which has long been used as traditional Chinese medicine in clinic for tumor therapy in China. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of our study is to investigate the lipid homeostasis regulation effects of ArBu on zebrafish model of liver cancer and hepatoma cells, and to provide a reference for further clarifying its active mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The zebrafish xenograft model was established by injecting HepG2 cells stained with CM-Dil red fluorescent dye. Both the xenograft model and HepG2 cells were used to evaluate the anti-hepatoma activity of ArBu. High performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was the main method to study lipidomics, proteomics and the semiquantification of endogenous metabolites. Bioinformatics was used as an assistant tool to further explore the antitumor mechanism of ArBu. RESULTS: The lipidomics analysis revealed that ArBu caused differential lipids changes in a dose-dependent manner, including PCs, PEs, TGs, SMs, DGs, Cer and PA. PCs, PEs, SMs and TGs were markedly altered in both two models. The influence of glycerophospholipid metabolism was the major and commonly affected pathway. Notably, DGs and Cer were significantly changed only in HepG2 cells. Furthermore, the proteomics research in HepG2 cells fished the target proteins related to lipid homeostasis abnormalities and tumor suppression. ArBu reduced the expression of 65 differential proteins associated with the lipid metabolism, apoptosis and autophagy, such as LCLAT1, STAT3, TSPO and RPS27. Meanwhile, 7 amino acids of 29 determined metabolites were significantly changed, including tyrosine, glutamate, glutamine, leucine, threonine, arginine and isoleucine. CONCLUSION: ArBu has a significant anti-hepatoma effect in vitro and a therapeutic effect on zebrafish xenograft model. It regulated the lipid homeostasis. Activated SM synthase and arginine deiminase, inhibited sphingomyelinase, amino acid supply and JAK-STAT3 signaling pathway, and the affected glycerophospholipid metabolism might explain these results.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Bufanolídeos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipidômica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteômica , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Transdução de Sinais , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Peixe-Zebra
20.
ACS Nano ; 14(2): 2385-2394, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031783

RESUMO

In recent years, two-dimensional (2D) group VA elemental materials have attracted considerable interest from physics/chemistry and materials science communities, with particular attention paid to honeycomb blue phosphorene. To date, phosphorene is limited to its α-phase and small sizes because it can only be produced by exfoliating black phosphorus crystals. Here, we report the direct synthesis of high-quality phosphorene on a nonmetallic copper oxide substrate by molecular beam epitaxy. By combining scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and first-principles calculations, we demonstrate the growth intermediates and electronic structures of phosphorene on Cu3O2/Cu(111). Surprisingly, the grown phosphorene has a flat honeycomb lattice, similar to graphene, which exhibits a metallic nature. We reveal that the growth mechanism and morphology of phosphorene are strongly correlated with the surface structures of prepared copper oxide, and the resulting phosphorene can be stabilized after high-temperature annealing above 600 K even in oxygen gas. The high stability is closely related to the irregular Moiré pattern and structural corrugations of phosphorene on Cu3O2/Cu(111) that efficiently relieve the surface strain. These results shed light on future fabrication of large-scale, versatile 2D structures for interconnect and device integration.

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