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1.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol ; : 103666, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619323

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in the various physiological processes of insects. The wing is a successful adaptation allowing insects to escape from unfavorable environments, while information on lncRNAs related to wing development is limited. In this study, we constructed 12 libraries from two RNA-seq comparisons: 4th instar winged nymphs versus winged adults and 4th instar wingless nymphs versus wingless adults in the brown citrus aphid Aphis citricidus, to identify the wing development-associated lncRNAs. A total of 2914 lncRNAs were identified and 50 lncRNAs were differentially expressed during the 4th instar winged nymphs to winged adults transition, and 28 lncRNAs changed during the 4th instar wingless nymphs to wingless adults transition. The differentially expressed lncRNAs were grouped into six clusters according to the expression patterns in the combined two-winged morphs. lncRNA Ac_lnc54106.1 was up-regulated during 4th instar winged nymphs to winged adults transition, but a lack of change during the 4th instar wingless nymphs to wingless adults transition implied a critical role in the specific regulation of wing development. RNA interference of Ac_lnc54106.1 resulted in malformed wings. Targets prediction, expression patterns, and RNAi assay results showed that Ac_lnc54106.1 may target the PiggyBac transposable element-derived protein 4 (PGBD4) gene, decrease expression of the canonical wing development-related genes, and finally regulate wing development. The systematic identification of lncRNAs in an aphid increases our understanding of how non-coding RNA mediates the wing plasticity of insects.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 792: 148396, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465046

RESUMO

Droughts represent one of the most severe abiotic stress factors that could result in great crop yield loss. Numerous vegetation indices have been proposed for monitoring the vegetation condition under stress and assessing drought impacts on yield loss. However, the understanding and comparison between traditional vegetation indices (VIs) and the newly emerging satellite Sun-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence (SIF) for monitoring vegetation condition is still limited especially under drought stress and at multiple spatial scales. In this study, the potential of satellite observation SIF for monitoring corn response to drought was investigated based on the 2012 drought in the US Corn Belt. The standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) was used here to quantify drought. We found that all SPEI were above -1, except for July (-1.27), August (-1.39) and September (-1.14) in 2012, indicating the severity of this drought. We examined the relationship between satellite measurements of SIF, SIFyield, VIs (e.g., NDVI and EVI) and SPEI. Results indicated that SIFyield was sensitive to drought and SIF captured the stress more accurately both at the regional and state scales for the US Corn Belt. Quantitatively, SIFyield had a high correlation with SPEI (r = 0.987, p < 0.05) over the entire Corn Belt, and it indicated losses in response to drought approximately one month earlier than SIF/NDVI/EVI. Furthermore, our results demonstrated that SIF could be trusted as an effective indicator to study the relationship between GPP (R2 ≥ 0.8664, p < 0.01) under drought conditions across the Corn Belt. This study highlighted the advantage of using satellite SIF observations to monitor the drought stress on crop growth especially GPP at regional scale.


Assuntos
Clorofila , Secas , Fluorescência , Estações do Ano , Zea mays
3.
Phytomedicine ; 90: 153669, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression, as a prevalent and debilitating psychiatric disease, severely decreases the life quality of individuals and brings heavy burdens to the whole society. Currently, some antidepressants are applied in the treatment of severe depressive symptoms, while there are still some undesirable drawbacks. Paeoniflorin is a monoterpenoid glycoside that was firstly extracted from Paeonia lactiflora Pall, a traditional Chinese herb that is widely used in the Chinese herbal formulas for treating depression. PURPOSE: This review summarized the previous pre-clinical studies of paeoniflorin in treating depression and further discussed the potential anti-depressive mechanisms for that paeoniflorin to be further explored and utilized in the treatment of depression clinically. METHODS: Some electronic databases, e.g., PubMed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, were searched from inception until April 2021. RESULTS: This review summarized the effective anti-depressive properties of paeoniflorin, which is related to its functions in the upregulation of the levels of monoaminergic neurotransmitters, inhibition of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis hyperfunction, promotion of neuroprotection, promotion of hippocampus neurogenesis, and upregulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor level, inhibition of inflammatory reaction, downregulation of nitric oxide level, etc. CONCLUSION: This review focused on the pre-clinical studies of paeoniflorin in depression and summarized the recent development of the anti-depressive mechanisms of paeoniflorin, which approves the role of paeoniflorin plays in anti-depression. However, more high-quality pre-clinical and clinical studies are expected to be conducted in the future.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Neuroproteção , Humanos , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário , Neurotransmissores , Paeonia/química , Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal
4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4828, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376678

RESUMO

Retinal fundus diseases can lead to irreversible visual impairment without timely diagnoses and appropriate treatments. Single disease-based deep learning algorithms had been developed for the detection of diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Here, we developed a deep learning platform (DLP) capable of detecting multiple common referable fundus diseases and conditions (39 classes) by using 249,620 fundus images marked with 275,543 labels from heterogenous sources. Our DLP achieved a frequency-weighted average F1 score of 0.923, sensitivity of 0.978, specificity of 0.996 and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.9984 for multi-label classification in the primary test dataset and reached the average level of retina specialists. External multihospital test, public data test and tele-reading application also showed high efficiency for multiple retinal diseases and conditions detection. These results indicate that our DLP can be applied for retinal fundus disease triage, especially in remote areas around the world.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aprendizado Profundo , Fundo de Olho , Redes Neurais de Computação , Fotografação/métodos , Doenças Retinianas/diagnóstico , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico , Curva ROC
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26617, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke is the third leading cause of global year of life lost in all-age and second-ranked cause of disability adjusted life years in middle-aged and elder population. Therefore, it is critical to study the relationship between vascular-related risk factors and cerebrovascular diseases. Several cross-sectional studies have shown that Cystatin C (Cys C) is an independent risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases and levels of Cys C are significantly higher in stroke patients than in healthy individuals. In this meta-analysis, we introduce a Cox proportional hazards model to evaluate the causality between Cys C and the risk of cerebrovascular accident in the elderly. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library from 1985 to 2019 for studies on the relationship between serum Cys C and incidence stroke with Cox proportional hazards models. We conducted a subgroup analysis of the selected studies to determine a connection between atherosclerosis and stroke. Finally, 7 research studies, including 26,768 patients without a history of cerebrovascular, were studied. RESULTS: After comparing the maximum and minimum Cys C levels, the hazard ratio for all types of stroke, including ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, was 1.18 (95% confidence interval 1.04-1.31) with moderate heterogeneity (I2 = 43.0%; P = .119) in a fixed-effect model after pooled adjustment for other potential risk factors. In the subgroup analysis, the hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval for Cys C stratified by atherosclerosis was 1.85 (0.97-2.72). As shown in Egger linear regression test, there was no distinct publication bias (P = .153). CONCLUSION: Increased serum Cys C is significantly associated with future stroke events in the elderly, especially in patients with carotid atherosclerosis. Thus, serum levels of Cys C could serve as a predicted biomarker for stroke attack.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Cistatina C/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Aterosclerose/sangue , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/sangue , Causalidade , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/sangue , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue
6.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1086-1091, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The survival of children with recurrent hepatoblastoma (RHB) is still unsatisfactory and the treatment for relapsed patients is challenging. PURPOSE: To compare short-term results between open liver resection (OLR) and percutaneous thermal ablation (TA) in the treatment of RHB and provide evidence to support the treatment options for such patients. METHODS: A retrospective data of 21 patients with RHB in two Chinese centers were analyzed from January 2013 to May 2019. The baseline indicators and clinical effect of the two groups of children were compared. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in baseline indicators between the two groups of children, and complete remission (CR) was achieved after comprehensive treatment. The median follow-up time was 30 months (IQR 38.5 months) in the TA group, and 23 months (IQR 21.7 months) in OLR group (p = .57). The 2-year OS rates were 92.3% in the percutaneous TA group and 87.5% in the OLR group (p = .68, HR = 1.6, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.2-12.4). The 2-year EFS rates were 66.7%, in the TA group and 50.0% in the OLR group (p = .51, HR = 0.6, 95% CI: 0.2-2.6). Compared with the OLR group, TA group had shorter operation time (3.5 ± 1.8 vs. 0.5 ± 0.1, p < .001) and postoperative hospitalization time (11.8 ± 3.0 vs. 9.5 ± 6.8 d, p = .045). No major complications occurred in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous TA for RHB is a safe and effect treatment option for children. It has comparable effect with surgery within 2 years after treatment. Particularly, due to its minimally invasive advantage, it needs shorter operation and hospitalization time. Percutaneous ablation may be an alternative minimally invasive treatment for RHB children.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatoblastoma , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Criança , Hepatoblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 47(10): 2910-2920, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284933

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the value of high-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) for differentiating invasive basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) from non-invasive BCCs. We established a prediction model based on ultrasound features and validated it further. One hundred patients in the pilot cohort and another 43 in the validation cohort were evaluated. All patients underwent HFUS examinations by the same radiologist, and then were divided on the basis of pathology into invasive and non-invasive types. With respect to growth pattern, 60.5% of invasive BCCs had an irregular pattern, whereas 89.5% of non-invasive BCCs had a nodular or crawling pattern (p < 0.001). As for the layers involved, the more invasive BCCs broke through the dermis compared with non-invasive BCCs (23.3% vs. 1.8%) (p < 0.001). With respect to intralesional hyperechoic spot distribution, invasive and non-invasive BCCs tended to be clustered and absent/scattered-like, respectively (55.8% vs. 91.2%) (p < 0.001). On the basis of the aforementioned features, a prediction model was established with accuracies of 84.0% and 76.7%, respectively, in the pilot and validation cohorts. HFUS holds promise for the differentiation of the invasiveness of BCCs and is helpful in its clinical management.

8.
Carbohydr Res ; 507: 108391, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271480

RESUMO

Three undescribed oleanane type triterpenoid saponins (1-3), along with one known saponin (4) were isolated from the whole herb of Hylomecon japonica. Their structures were elucidated by analysis of 1D and 2D-NMR (1H-1H COSY, HSQC, and HMBC) spectroscopic data, mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS) and chromatographic date (GC and LC) as 3-O-ß-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-d-glucuronopyranosyl gypsogenin 28-O-ß-d-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)-[ß-d-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 4)]-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-l-arabinopyranosyl ester (1), 3-O-ß-d-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-d-glucuronopyranosyl gypsogenin 28-O-α-l-arabinopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)-[ß-d-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 4)]-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-l-arabinopyranosyl ester (2), 3-O-ß-d-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-d-glucuronopyranosyl gypsogenin 28-O-ß-d-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)-[ß-d-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 4)]-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-d-galactopyranosyl ester (3), 3-O-ß-d-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-[α-l-arabinopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)]-ß-d-glucuronopyranosyl gypsogenin 28-O-ß-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)-[ß-d-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 4)]-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-d-fucopyranosyl ester (4). All saponins possess a partial sequence ß-d-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-d-glucuronopyranosyl at C-3 of the aglycon. Compound 1 has cytotoxic activity against human colon cancer cell lines HT29, 3 against human gastric cancer cell lines AGS, and 4 against human lung cancer cell lines A549, AGS and HT29. Among them, compounds 3 and 4 showed significant inhibitory effect against AGS with IC50 value of 6.01 ± 1.4 µM, 3.66 ± 1.8 µM, respectively. These results represent a contribution to the chemotaxonomy of the saponins of Hylomecon japonica and their bioactivities.

9.
Pharmacol Res ; 171: 105761, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242798

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is severely prevalent, and conventional monoaminergic antidepressants gradually exhibit low therapeutic efficiency, especially for patients with treatment-resistant depression. A neuroplasticity hypothesis is an emerging advancement in the mechanism of depression, mainly expressed in the glutamate system, e.g., glutamate receptors and signaling. Dysfunctional glutamatergic neurotransmission is currently considered to be closely associated with the pathophysiology of MDD. Biological function, pharmacological action, and signal attributes in the glutamate system both regulate the neural process. Specific functional subunits could be therapeutic targets to explore the novel glutamatergic modulators, which have fast-acting, and relatively sustained antidepressant effects. Here, the present review summarizes the pathophysiology of MDD found in the glutamate system, exploring the role of glutamate receptors and their downstream effects. These convergent mechanisms have prompted the development of other modulators targeting on glutamate system, including N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonists, selective GluN2B-specific antagonists, glycine binding site agents, and regulators of metabotropic glutamate receptors. Relevant researches underly the putative mechanisms of these drugs, which reverse the damage of depression by regulating glutamatergic neurotransmission. It also provides further insight into the mechanism of depression and exploring potential targets for novel agent development.

10.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 12(1): 1936921, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249246

RESUMO

Background: There is a growing research literature on complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD), yet studies that focused on Chinese populations are still limited. Accumulating evidence showed that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with a higher likelihood of CPTSD symptoms, but potential mediating roles of self-kindness and self-judgement on the ACEs-CPTSD relationship remain understudied. Objective: The purpose of this study was to first examine the relationship between ACEs and CPTSD among Chinese college students, and then to test the mediating role of self-kindness and self-judgement on the ACEs-CPTSD relationship. Method: The study included 1361 college students for an online survey in May 2020. Demographic variables (e.g. age, gender, having sibling[s] or not, residence, family structure, and subjective socioeconomic status), ACEs, self-compassion (self-kindness and self-judgement subscales), and CPTSD symptoms were assessed. After controlling for demographic variables, a series of structural equation models tested the mediation hypothesis: indirect effects of self-kindness and self-judgement on the relationship between ACEs and CPTSD symptom. Results: ACEs of College students were positively associated with more severe CPTSD symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder and disturbances in self-organization symptoms). Furthermore, these direct pathways were mediated by decreased self-kindness and increased self-judgement. Conclusions: Findings have substantial theoretical and treatment implications, including the two critical targets (i.e. lowering self-judgement and raising self-kindness) when treating complex PTSD.

11.
Phytochemistry ; 190: 112870, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271297

RESUMO

Six undescribed oleanane-type saponins, named as Hylomeconosides L-Q, were isolated from the whole herb of Hylomecon Japonica, their structures were determined by analysis of 1D and 2D-NMR (1H-1H COSY, HSQC, and HMBC) spectroscopic data, mass spectrometry (HRESI-MS) and chromatographic data (GC and LC). Their structures were identified as 3-O-ß-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-D-glucuronopyranosyl gypsogenin 28-O-ß-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-L-arabinopyranoside; 3-O-ß-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-D-glucuronopyranosyl gypsogenin 28-O-ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 4)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-D-quinovopyranoside; 3-O-ß-D-glucuronopyranosyl gypsogenin 28-O-ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)-ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 4)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-D-quinovopyranoside; 3-O-ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)-ß-D-glucuronopyranosyl gypsogenin 28-O-ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 4)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-D-quinovopyranoside; 3-O-ß-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)]-ß-D-glucuronopyranosyl quillaic acid 28-O-ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)-ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 4)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-D-quinovopyranoside; 3-O-ß-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)]-ß-D-glucuronopyranosyl quillaic acid 28-O-ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 3)-ß-D-xylopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 4)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-D-galactopyranoside. Hylomeconosides L-Q showed selective cytotoxicities against human cancer cell lines A549, AGS, HeLa, Huh 7, HT29 and K562. These results represent a contribution to the chemotaxonomy of the saponins of Hylomecon Japonica and their bioactivities.


Assuntos
Saponinas , Triterpenos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia
12.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 907: 174262, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146589

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the prevalent neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the degeneration of the nigrostriatal neurons. Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) is a key regulator mediating mitochondrial fission and affecting mitophagy in neurons. It has been reported that the inhibition of Drp1 may be beneficial to PD. However, the role of Drp1 and mitophagy in PD remains elusive. Therefore, in this research, we investigated the role of Drp1 and the underlying mechanisms in the mice model of PD. We used the dynasore, a GTPase inhibitor, to inhibit the expression of Drp1. We found that inhibition of Drp1 could ameliorate the motor deficits and the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase in the mice of the PD model. But Drp1 inhibition did not affect mitochondria number and morphological parameters. Moreover, suppression of Drp1 up-regulated the mitochondrial expressions of PINK1 and Parkin while not affected the expressions of NIX and BNIP3. Conclusively, our findings suggest that the inhibition of Drp1 ameliorated the mitochondrial ultrastructure at least via regulating PINK1 and Parkin in the mice of the PD model. This study also implicates that inhibition of Drp1 might impact mitophagy and recover mitochondrial homeostasis in PD.

13.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 929, 2021 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34001090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several countries have recently issued 24-h movement guidelines that include quantitative recommendations for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), sedentary behaviour (SB), and sleep. This study explored the associations of meeting the 24-h movement guidelines with stress and self-rated health among adults, and whether the likelihood of favourable outcomes increases with the number of guidelines met. METHODS: A total of 2476 adults aged 18 years and over completed a questionnaire on their time spent in MVPA, SB and sleep, frequency of stress (never, very rarely, occasionally, often, every day), self-rated health (very good, good, fair, bad, very bad), sociodemographic characteristics, and lifestyle variables. RESULTS: In an ordinal logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, education, socio-economic status, employment, place of residence, living with or without partner, and smoking, lower odds of higher frequency of stress were found for those meeting the combined 24-h movement guidelines (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.45; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.32, 0.63; p <  0.001), any combination of two guidelines (OR range: 0.48-0.63; p <  0.05 for all), and sleep guideline only (OR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.35, 0.75; p = 0.001). Higher odds of better self-rated health were found for those meeting the combined 24-h movement guidelines (OR = 2.94; 95% CI: 2.07, 4.19; p <  0.001), combination of MVPA and SB guidelines (OR = 2.33; 95% CI: 1.57, 3.44; p <  0.001), combination of MVPA and sleep guidelines (OR = 1.78; 95% CI: 1.23, 2.59; p = 0.002), and MVPA guideline only (OR = 2.24; 95% CI: 1.50, 3.36; p <  0.001). Meeting more guidelines was associated with greater odds of favourable outcomes (p for linear trend < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Adults who meet the sleep guideline, any combination of two guidelines, or all three guidelines experience stress less frequently. Meeting the MVPA guideline alone or in combination with any other movement behaviour guideline was associated with better self-rated health. The likelihood of less frequent stress and better self-rated health increases with the number of guidelines met. Adults should be encouraged to meet as many movement behaviour guidelines as possible.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Comportamento Sedentário , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
J Mol Model ; 27(6): 178, 2021 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34021819

RESUMO

Adsorption mechanism and competitive adsorption of NH3 and As2O3 molecules on CuO (111) surface were investigated via density functional theory (DFT) simulations. The adsorption configuration, adsorption energy, electronic gains/losses, and projected density of states were thoroughly discussed. Results showed that As2O3 molecule was more likely to adsorb on CuO surface than NH3 molecule. For the adsorption of As2O3 on CuO surface, the "Osuf-Osuf bridge" site was the active site with the chemical adsorption energy of -1.39 eV. In the process of NH3 adsorption on CuO surface, N-Cu bond was formed in chemical adsorption, which was mainly attributed to the charge transfer from NH3 molecule to substrate surface. However, no obvious structural change occurred in physisorption. Thermodynamic analysis indicated that physisorption was the primary form for the adsorption of NH3 and As2O3 molecules on CuO surface under the actual SCR condition.

15.
Molecules ; 26(8)2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33917975

RESUMO

Rhizosphere microorganisms play important ecological roles in promoting herb growth and producing abundant secondary metabolites. Studies on the rhizosphere microbes of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) are limited, especially on the genomic and metabolic levels. In this study, we reported the isolation and characterization of a Steptomyces netropsis WLXQSS-4 strain from the rhizospheric soil of Clematis manshurica Rupr. Genomic sequencing revealed an impressive total of 40 predicted biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs), whereas metabolomic profiling revealed 13 secondary metabolites under current laboratory conditions. Particularly, medium screening activated the production of alloaureothin, whereas brominated and chlorinated pimprinine derivatives were identified through precursor-directed feeding. Moreover, antiproliferative activities against Hela and A549 cancer cell lines were observed for five compounds, of which two also elicited potent growth inhibition in Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus, respectively. Our results demonstrated the robust secondary metabolism of S. netropsis WLXQSS-4, which may serve as a biocontrol agent upon further investigation.


Assuntos
Genômica , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metabolômica , Rizosfera , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromossomos Bacterianos/genética , Humanos , Metaboloma , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Família Multigênica , Fenótipo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Metabolismo Secundário , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Streptomyces/ultraestrutura
16.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 21(1): 202-202, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-200214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This study explored the association between active school travel (AST) and suicide attempts among adolescents in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHOD: We used the data from the Global School-based Health Survey, including 127,097 adolescents aged 13-17 years from 34 LMICs. A self-reported survey was used to collect data on AST and suicide attempts as well as some variables. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to assess the association between AST and suicide attempts. A meta-analysis with random effects was undertaken to identify the difference in the association between AST and suicide attempts. RESULTS: Across all the adolescents, the prevalence of AST was 37% and the prevalence of suicide attempts was 11.60%. Adolescents who engaged in AST were less likely to have suicide attempts irrespective of gender. The country-wise analysis indicated a large inconsistency in the association between AST and suicide attempt across the countries. CONCLUSIONS: AST would appear to be a protective factor for reducing suicide attempts among adolescents. However, the association between AST and suicide attempts varied greatly across the countries. Future studies should confirm the association between AST and suicide attempts


OBJETIVO: Se exploró la asociación entre desplazamientos escolares activos (AST, por sus siglas en inglés) e intentos de suicidio entre adolescentes en países de ingresos bajos y medios. MÉTODO: Se utilizaron datos de la Global School-based Health Survey, que incluyó a 127.097 adolescentes de 13 a 17 años de 34 países de ingresos bajos y medios. Se utilizó una encuesta autoinformada para recopilar datos sobre AST e intentos de suicidio, así como otras variables. Se realizó una regresión logística multivariable para evaluar la asociación entre AST e intentos de suicidio. Se realizó un metanálisis con efectos aleatorios para identificar la diferencia en la asociación entre AST e intentos de suicidio. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de AST fue del 37% y la prevalencia de intentos de suicidio fue del 11,60%. Los adolescentes que participaron en AST tenían menos probabilidades de tener intentos de suicidio independientemente del sexo. El análisis por países indicó una gran inconsistencia en la asociación entre AST e intento de suicidio. CONCLUSIONES: AST parece ser un factor protector para reducir los intentos de suicidio entre adolescentes. Sin embargo, la asociación entre AST e intentos de suicidio varió mucho entre países. Estudios futuros deberían confirmar la asociación entre AST e intentos de suicidio


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Tentativa de Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Instituições Acadêmicas , Saúde Mental , Modelos Logísticos , Fatores Sexuais , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Autorrelato , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Proteção
17.
Am J Chin Med ; 49(3): 627-643, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657988

RESUMO

Depression is a common neuropsychiatric symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), resulting in a lower quality of life and cognitive impairment in PD patients. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formulas have been widely used in neurodegenerative disease and neuropsychic disorders to improve life quality of patients in ethnomedicine. TCM formulas combined with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) also have a positive effect on depressed PD compared with SSRIs as reported by several clinical studies. However, the results are discordant and failed to be conclusive. We aim to evaluate the efficacy of TCM formulas combined with SSRIs for depressed PD in this systematic review. We searched literatures from PubMed, Web of Science, Medline, Embase, Google Scholar, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, and VIP Information Database before July 2020. We included randomized controlled trials investigating the efficacy of TCM formulas combined with SSRIs on depressed PD patients. This analysis was according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline. Eleven randomized clinical trials involving 861 subjects were enrolled in this analysis. The overall results showed that TCM formulas combined with SSRIs significantly improved the depression score [weighted mean difference (WMD): -4.920, 95% confidence interval (CI): (-5.999, -3.840); [Formula: see text]¡ 0.001] and had a statistical significance on Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale II score [WMD: -1.209, 95% CI: (-1.561, -0.857); [Formula: see text] < 0.001]. Furthermore, we observed that Chai-Hu-Shu-Gan Powder combined with SSRIs had a significant improvement on the depressive symptom in PD compared to the SSRIs alone [WMD: -5.390, 95% CI: (-7.66, -3.11); [Formula: see text] < 0.001]. No severe side events were reported in these included trials. This systematic review provided the evidences that TCM formulas combined with SSRIs might be helpful and safe in the treatment of depression of PD, including Chai-Hu-Shu-Gan Powder. Also, more randomized double-blinded trials with reliable design are required in the future.


Assuntos
Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Captação de Serotonina/administração & dosagem , Depressão/etiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Genome Biol Evol ; 13(5)2021 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713106

RESUMO

Genes duplicated by whole genome duplication (WGD) and small-scale duplication (SSD) have played important roles in adaptive evolution of all flowering plants. However, it still remains underinvestigated how the distinct models of duplication events and their contending evolutionary patterns have shaped the genome and epigenomes of extant plant species. In this study, we investigated the contribution of the WGD- and SSD-derived duplicate genes to the genome evolution of one diploid and three closely related allotetraploid Panax species based on genome, methylome, and proteome data sets. Our genome-wide comparative analyses revealed that although the ginseng species complex was recently diverged, they have evolved distinct overall patterns of nucleotide variation, cytosine methylation, and protein-level expression. In particular, genetic and epigenetic asymmetries observed in the recent WGD-derived genes are largely consistent across the ginseng species complex. In addition, our results revealed that gene duplicates generated by ancient WGD and SSD mechanisms exhibited distinct evolutionary patterns. We found the ancient WGD-derived genes (i.e., ancient collinear gene) are genetically more conserved and hypomethylated at the cytosine sites. In contrast, some of the SSD-derived genes (i.e., dispersal duplicated gene) showed hypermethylation and high variance in nucleotide variation pattern. Functional enrichment analyses of the duplicated genes indicated that adaptation-related traits (i.e., photosynthesis) created during the distant ancient WGDs are further strengthened by both the more recent WGD and SSD. Together, our findings suggest that different types of duplicated genes may have played distinct but relaying evolutionary roles in the polyploidization and speciation processes in the ginseng species complex.

19.
J Affect Disord ; 286: 351-359, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757648

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Obesity and overweight are common in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD); the results are inconsistent due to confounding variables involved in studies. Furthermore, no well-designed study has been published to investigate the prevalence, risk factors and underlying mechanisms of obesity/overweight in Chinese MDD patients. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of obesity/overweight and related risk factors in first-episode, drug-naïve (FEDN) patients with MDD in China. METHODS: A total of 1718 patients were recruited. Their clinical and anthropometric data, thyroid function and biochemical parameters were collected. All patients were evaluated on the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, 14-item Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity and overweight was 3.73% and 56.00%, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that TSH was the only independent risk factor for weight gain in MDD patents. The fitting curve of the relationship between TSH and BMI formed an inverted U-shaped parabola. The ordinal logit mode showed that when TSH<=2.68 was set as a reference, the odd rates of weight increased with the increase of TSH, and the highest rate was 3.929 (95%CI: 2.879-5.361, P<0.0001). LIMITATION: Causality cannot be drawn due to cross-sectional design. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that overweight is very common among patients with FEDN MDD rather than obesity. TSH is a promising predictor and potential biomarker of high weight in MDD patients, and there is an inverted U-shaped parabolic relationship between TSH and BMI.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Preparações Farmacêuticas , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia , Humanos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Pediatr (Rio J) ; 97(5): 571-578, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between physical education classes and PA among adolescents from 50 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire from the Global School-based Student Survey (GSHS) was used to collect information on participation frequency of physical education classes and being physically active over the last week, as well as other control variables (e.g., sex, age, country, sedentary behavior). Multivariable logistic regression and a pooled meta-analysis were performed to explore the association and compared country-wise differences. RESULTS: Included adolescents aged from 13 to 17 years (n=187,386, %boys=51.7; mean age=14.6 years), the prevalence of sufficient PA (meeting the PA guidelines) was 14.9%. The prevalence of 5 days or more to engage in physical education classes was 16.5%. Compared with adolescents who had 0 days for physical education classes, higher participation frequency was more likely related to sufficient PA (OR: 1 day=1.34, 2 days=1.66, 3 days=1.67, 4 days=1.79, 5 days or more=2.46), these findings were also observed in both sexes. A moderate inconsistency on the association across the included countries was found (I2=53%, p<0.01), although the pooled OR was 1.50 (95% CI: 1.36-1.65). CONCLUSIONS: Participating in more physical education classes may be an effective approach to increase physical activity levels among adolescents in LMICs. However, promoting physical activity levels among adolescents in LMICs through physical education classes should consider more country-specific factors.

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