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Prev Chronic Dis ; 12: E95, 2015 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26086608

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer screening rates have increased significantly in Kentucky, from 35% in 1999 to 66% in 2012. A continued improvement in screening requires identification of existing barriers and implementation of interventions to address barriers. METHODS: The state of Kentucky added a question to the 2012 Kentucky Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey for respondents aged 50 years or older who answered no to ever having been screened for colorectal cancer by colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy to assess the reasons why respondents had not been screened. Combined responses constituted 4 categories: attitudes and beliefs, health care provider and health care systems barriers, cost, and other. Prevalence estimates for barriers were calculated by using raking weights and were stratified by race/ethnicity, sex, education, income, and health insurance coverage. Logistic regression estimated odds ratios for barriers to screening. RESULTS: The most common barriers in all areas were related to attitudes and beliefs, followed by health care provider and systems, and cost. Non-Hispanic whites and respondents with more than a high school education were more likely to choose attitudes and beliefs as a barrier than were non-Hispanic blacks and those with less than a high school education. Respondents with low incomes and with no insurance were significantly more likely to select cost as a barrier. No significant associations were observed between demographic variables and the selection of a health care provider and a health care system. CONCLUSION: Barriers related to education, race/ethnicity, income, and insurance coverage should be considered when designing interventions. Expansion of Medicaid and implementation of the Affordable Care Act in Kentucky could have an impact on reducing these barriers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Programas de Rastreamento/psicologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Sistema de Vigilância de Fator de Risco Comportamental , Colonoscopia/psicologia , Colonoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Escolaridade , /estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Humanos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Kentucky/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Autorrelato , Sigmoidoscopia/psicologia , Sigmoidoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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